Bulawayo

Bulawayo (Ndebele: koBulawayo) is the second largest city in Zimbabwe, and the largest city in the country's Matabeleland. The city's population is disputed; the 2012 census listed it at 653,337, while the Bulawayo City Council claimed it to be about 1.2 million. Bulawayo covers an area of about 1,707 square kilometres (659 sq mi) in the western part of the country, along the Matsheumhlope River. Along with the capital Harare, Bulawayo is one of two cities in Zimbabwe that are also a province.

Bulawayo was founded around 1840 as the kraal of Mzilikazi, the Ndebele king. His son, Lobengula, succeeded him in the 1860s, and ruled from Bulawayo until 1893, when the settlement was captured by British South Africa Company soldiers during the First Matabele War. That year, the first white settlers arrived and rebuilt the town. The town was besieged by Ndebele warriors during the Second Matabele War. Bulawayo attained municipality status in 1897, and city status in 1943.

Bulawayo is, at least historically, the principal industrial centre of Zimbabwe; its factories produce cars and car products, building materials, electronic products, textiles, furniture, and food products. Bulawayo is also the hub of Zimbabwe's rail network and the headquarters of the National Railways of Zimbabwe.In recent years, the city's economy has struggled as many factories either closed or moved operations to Harare. Still, Bulawayo has the highest Human Development Index in the country, at .649 as of 2017.

Bulawayo's central business district (CBD) covers 5.4 square kilometres (2.1 sq mi) in the heart of the city, and is surrounded by numerous suburbs towards the outskirts. The majority of the city's population belong to the Ndebele people, with minorities of Shona and other groups. Bulawayo is home to over a dozen colleges and universities, most notably the National University of Science and Technology. The Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe, formerly the National Museum, is located in Bulawayo, and the city is in close proximity to popular tourist sites like Matobo National Park and the Khami Ruins, and World Heritage Site.

Bulawayo

koBulawayo
View of Bulawayo's Central Business District (CBD) from Pioneer House by Prince Phumulani Nyoni. The CBD is 5.4 square kilometres and is in a grid pattern with 17 avenues and 11 streets.
View of Bulawayo's Central Business District (CBD) from Pioneer House by Prince Phumulani Nyoni. The CBD is 5.4 square kilometres and is in a grid pattern with 17 avenues and 11 streets.
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Flag
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Coat of arms
Location in Bulawayo Province
Location in Bulawayo Province
Bulawayo is located in Zimbabwe
Bulawayo
Location in Bulawayo Province
Coordinates: 20°10′12″S 28°34′48″E / 20.17000°S 28.58000°ECoordinates: 20°10′12″S 28°34′48″E / 20.17000°S 28.58000°E
CountryZimbabwe
ProvinceBulawayo
DistrictCity of Bulawayo
Settled1840
Incorporated (town)1897
Incorporated (city)1943
Divisions
 
4 Districts, 29 Wards, 156 Suburbs
Government
 • TypeProvincial Municipality
 • MayorSolomon Mguni
Area
 • City1,706.8 km2 (659.0 sq mi)
 • Water129.3 km2 (49.9 sq mi)
 • Urban
993.5 km2 (383.6 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,706.8 km2 (659.0 sq mi)
Elevation1,358 m (4,455 ft)
Population
(2016)
 • City1,200,337
 • Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,205,675
 • Urban density2,305/km2 (5,970/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (not observed)
Area code(s)9
HDI (2017)0.649[2]
medium · 1st
Websitecitybyo.co.zw

History

Bulawayo native c1890 large
Inhabitant of Bulawayo, 1890
Bulawayo scouts 1893
Bulawayo Scouts in 1893

The city was founded by the Ndebele king, Lobhengula, the son of King Mzilikazi born of Matshobana who settled in modern-day Zimbabwe around the 1840s after the Ndebele people's great trek from Nguniland. The name Bulawayo comes from the Ndebele word KoBulawayo meaning "a place where he is being killed". It is thought that, at the time of the formation of the city, there was a civil war. A group of Ndebeles not aligned to Prince Lobengula were fighting him as they felt he was not the heir to the throne, hence he gave his capital the name "where he (the prince) is being killed". It is said that when King Lobengula named the place "KoBulawayo" his generals asked "who is being killed mtanenkosi (prince)?" and he replied "Yimi umntwanenkosi engibulawayo", meaning "it's me, the prince, who is being killed". At the time Lobengula was a prince fighting to ascend his father's (Mzilikazi) throne. It was common at the time for people to refer to Bulawayo as "KoBulawayo UmntwaneNkosi" "a place where they are fighting or rising against the prince". The name Bulawayo is imported from Nguniland which was once occupied by the Khumalo people. The place still exists: It is next to Richards Bay.

In the 1860s the city was further influenced by European intrigue, and many colonial powers cast covetous eyes on Bulawayo and the land surrounding it. Britain made skillful use of private initiative in the shape of Cecil Rhodes and the Chartered Company to disarm the suspicion of her rivals. Lobengula once described Britain as a chameleon and himself as the fly.[3]

During the 1893 Matabele War, the invasion by British South Africa Company troops forced King Lobengula to evacuate his followers, after first detonating munitions and setting fire to the town.[4] BSAC troops and white settlers occupied the ruins. On 4 November 1893, Leander Starr Jameson declared Bulawayo a settlement under the rule of the British South Africa Company. Cecil Rhodes ordained that the new settlement be founded on the ruins of Lobengula's royal kraal, which is where the State House stands today. In 1897, the new town of Bulawayo acquired the status of municipality, and Lt. Col. Harry White became one of the first mayors.[5]

Siege

At the outbreak of the Second Matabele War, in March 1896, Bulawayo was besieged by Ndebele forces, and a laager was established there for defensive purposes. The Ndebele had experienced the brutal effectiveness of the British Maxim guns in the First Matabele War, so they never mounted a significant attack against Bulawayo, even though over 10,000 Ndebele warriors could be seen near the town. Rather than wait passively, the settlers mounted patrols, called the Bulawayo Field Force, under Frederick Selous and Frederick Russell Burnham. These patrols rode out to rescue any surviving settlers in the countryside and attacked the Ndebele. In the first week of fighting, 20 men of the Bulawayo Field Force were killed and 50 were wounded. An unknown number of Ndebele were killed and wounded.

During the siege, conditions in Bulawayo quickly deteriorated. By day, settlers could go to homes and buildings in the town, but at night they were forced to seek shelter in the much smaller laager. Nearly 1,000 women and children were crowded into the small area and false alarms of attacks were common. The Ndebele made a critical error during the siege in neglecting to cut the telegraph lines connecting Bulawayo to Mafikeng. This gave the besieged Bulawayo Field Force and the British relief forces, coming from Salisbury and Fort Victoria (now Harare and Masvingo respectively) 300 miles to the north, and from Kimberley and Mafeking 600 miles to the south, far more information than they would otherwise have had. Once the relief forces arrived in late May 1896, the siege was broken and an estimated 50,000 Ndebele retreated into their stronghold, the Matobo Hills near Bulawayo. Not until October 1896 would the Ndebele finally lay down their arms to the invaders.

Modern city

In 1943 Bulawayo received city status.

In recent years, Bulawayo has experienced a sharp fall in living standards coinciding with the severe economic crisis affecting the country. The main problems include poor investment, reluctance by government to improve infrastructure and corruption and nepotism leading to most original dwellers of the city migrating south to the neighbouring South Africa. Water shortages due to lack of expansion in facilities and supplies have become steadily more acute since 1992. Cholera broke out in 2008. Though the city is the centre of the southern population generally categorized as the Matebele, the composition of the city is made up of people from all over the country thereby making it the friendliest city in Zimbabwe as it is built on a foundation of tolerance and acceptance of different cultures. The Central Business District has the widest roads which were deliberately made so to accommodate the carts that were used as a primary means of transport back when the town was planned and erected.

Bulawayo is nicknamed the "City of Kings" or "kontuthu ziyathunqa"—a Ndebele phrase for "smoke arising". This name arose from the city's historically large industrial base and specifically draws from the large cooling towers of the coal powered electricity generating plant situated in the city centre that once used to billow steam and smoke over the city.[6] The majority of Bulawayo's population belongs to the Ndebele ethnic and language group (otherwise known as Northern Ndebele).[7]

Bulawayo City Hall

Bulawayo City Hall

Kenilworth Towers, Ascot

Kenilworth Towers, residential flats

Geography

Cityscape

Suburbs

No Suburb/location Origin of name
1 Ascot Adjoining the Bulawayo Ascot race-course
2 Barbour Fields The suburb was named after a former mayor, H. R. Barbour, who during the colonial era was greatly interested in the welfare of the indigenous people. There is a place called Barbour in Argyll & Bute. Barbour is a Scottish family name, though it was apparently first recorded on the English side of the border, in Cumberland and Northumberland. The father of Scottish vernacular poetry, John Barbour (1320–1395), is best remembered for his epic poem "The Brus", telling the story of King Robert I. The origin of the name is occupational (a cutter of hair as well as an extractor of teeth during the Middle Ages).
3 Barham Green The suburb was named after two people. The first was a former Bulawayo City Councillor (who later became an Alderman) Mrs. M. E. Barham, M.B.E. and the other was Rev. Rufus Green. They were critical in the establishment of this suburb. During the colonial Rhodesia era, it was designated for the Coloured community.
4 Beacon Hill Also known as Beryl Drive, reference is made to fact that it is the high point of the suburbs and possesses the areas with the highest marking beacon at its summit.
5 Bellevue The suburb was named after the estate name. It is sometimes spelled Belle Vue. The origin of this universally popular place name is ultimately French – "beautiful view".
6 Belmont
7 Belmont Industrial Area The area was named after a former Bulawayo City Engineer, Mr. Kinmont.
8 Bradfield The suburb was named after Edwin Eugene Bradfield, a pioneer.
9 Burnside This area used to be a portion of former town council area and used to be part of Matsheumhlope Farms. The name is derived from the reference to the River Matsheumhlophe. "Burn" is a Scottish and northern English word for a stream.
10 Cement This was named after the surrounding industrial area, responsible for the making of cement.
11 Cowdray Park
12 Donnington
13 Donnington West
14 Douglasdale The Douglas family, descendants of William de Duglas (late 12th century), was one of the most powerful in Scotland.
15 Eloana
16 Emakhandeni Emakhandeni is the isiNdebele name for Fort Rixon, which was the area where the regiment aMakhanda were located. eMakhandeni is the locative term.
17 Emganwini Reference is made to the plentiful amarula trees in the vicinity.
18 Enqameni
19 Enqotsheni
20 Entumbane This is where King Mzilikazi was buried. It is one of the dozens of high-density suburbs of Bulawayo, commonly referred to as the "Western Suburbs". The first disturbances that led to the Gukurahundi were sparked in Entumbane, hence the term "Impi ye Ntumbane" that refers to the disturbances.
21 Estate name
22 Estate name
23 Fagadola
24 Famona The suburb was named after Famona, one of the daughters of King Lobengula. It means jealousy or envy must end (literally, "die").
25 Fortunes Gate (including Mtaba Moya) The suburb's name comes from the original property name, and the gates are those of the original market building.
26 Four Winds The suburb name comes from the original property name; the first house was on top of a hill.
27 Glencoe This name is etched into the Scottish psyche as the bleak glen in the Highlands where, in 1692, a party of MacDonald men, women, and children were treacherously massacred by the Campbells, who were acting under government orders.
28 Glengary The suburb was named after its estate name. The "Glengarry" bonnet is an oblong woollen cap, popular amongst pipe bands.
29 Glenville (including Richmond South) The suburb was named after its estate name.
30 Granite Park
31 Greenhill The suburb's name is a reference to scenery and topography.
32 Gwabalanda Named after a Ndebele chief, Gwabalanda Mathe.
33 Harrisvale
34 Helenvale
35 Highmount
36 Hillcrest The suburb's name comes from the reference to topography. It is Greenhill's crest.
37 Hillside The suburb's name is a reference to topography (Greenhill's slope).
38 Hillside South The suburb's name comes from its position as the south facing slope of Greenhill.
39 Hume Park "Hume"/"Home" is a Lowland Scottish family name.
40 Hyde Park The name originates from the large number of residents who trace their ancestry to England.
41 Ilanda Ndebele name for the egret
42 Iminyela This is the name of a type of tree common in the area.
43 Intini The name was given as a commemoration to the Mhlanga family, who originally set out with the Khumalo family under Mzilikazi as gratitude to their contribution to the Ndebele Kingdom, Mthwakazi. The Ntini is the totem of the Mhlanga-Mabuya clan.
44 Jacaranda This is a reference to the jacaranda trees.
45 Kelvin (Industrial area, includes North East and West) The area was named in reference to a suburb of Glasgow. It takes its name from the River Kelvin, a tributary of the River Clyde.
46 Kenilworth The suburb was named after its estate name.
47 Khumalo The suburb was named after the Royal Clan of the Matabele. The Khumalo hockey stadium is here.
48 Khumalo North This is a reference to the position of Kumalo suburb.
49 Kilallo
50 Killarney
51 Kingsdale
52 Lakeside Lakeside is the stretch of water at the junction of the Old Essexvale Road and the road to the suburb of Waterford, and then on to Hope Fountain Mission.
53 Lobhengula It is named after the second and last Matabele King, Lobengula.
54 Lobenvale The suburb's name is derived from a combination of King Lobengula's name and Umguza Valley.
55 Lochview The suburb's name is in reference to Lakeside Dam and is famous in the city for its large Scottish residents and the Scottish style houses. According to the Bulawayo City Suburb Names website, the suburb was named in reference to Lakeside Dam.
56 Luveve Named after Ndebele chief Luveve; established in 1935
57 Mabuthweni The suburb's name means "where the soldiers are"; the name was given in reference to a bachelors' quarters.
58 Magwegwe The suburb name is named after Magwegwe, who was one of the significant people in King Lobengula's royal Bulawayo town.
59 Magwegwe North This is a reference to the position relative to that of Magwegwe.
60 Magwegwe West This is a reference to the position relative to that of Magwegwe.
61 Mahatshula Mahatshula is named after one of the Ndebele Indunas, Mahatshula Ndiweni.
62 Makhokhoba The suburb got its name from the actions of Mr. Fallon, who used walk around with a stick. The name comes from the word "umakhokhoba" which was how the locals referred to Fallon, meaning "the little old man who walks with a stick". The word actually describes the noise of the stick hitting the ground, ko-ko-ko, or the doors. It is the oldest African dwelling in the city. Political activism was rife in the pre-Zapu era.
63 Malindela The suburb was named after the mother of Faluta, who was the mother of Lobengula, i.e., after Lobengula's maternal grandmother.
64 Manningdale It is named after the developer of the suburb.
65 Marlands
66 Matsheumhlope The name comes from the association with the river ("White Stones"). White stones in Ndebele Proper and Zulu language are "amatshe amhlope".
67 Matshobana The suburb was named after Matshobana, who was a chief of the Khumalo clan and more significantly he was the father of Mzilikazi, the founder of the Ndebele Kingdom.
68 Montgomery It is named after Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, a decorated British Army commander.
69 Montrose The suburb was named by the estate developers, and street names are of many Cotswolds villages and towns.
70 Morningside
71 Mphophoma The name comes from a descriptive Ndebele name for the area, which was derived from the sound the Mpopoma River makes when flowing.
72 Munda The Tonga name for a plot of land on which people would farm
73 Mzilikazi The suburb was named after the founder of uMthwakazi, King Mzilikazi. It is a stone's throw away from Barbourfields suburb, separated by a road called Ambulance Drive that leads to one of Zimbabwe's large hospitals, Mpilo.
74 New Luveve Reference is made to the suburb Luveve; see Luveve suburb.
75 Newsmansford
76 Newton Estate name
77 Newton West Reference to position (Newton)
78 Nguboyenja Named after Lobengula's son and heir
79 Njube Named after one of Lobengula's sons
80 Nketa It is named after the traditional heritage site of Nketa Hill on which King Lobengula assembled his entire kingdom and divided its citizens according to cultural ethnicity and stages of incorporation into three groups: the Zansi which is Xhosa for "south", referring to the people who left the Zulu Kingdom originally; the Enhla or Nxele, which referred to the second mass incorporated group, which was the Swati, Pedi, and Sotho, with whom they settled in Mhlahlandela 1; the final group was the Hole /ˈxɒli, which constituted of the Shona, Kalanga and Bakwena. Most historians argued that this was clear evidence of Lobengula's lack of foresight and political tact as he was literally undoing what his father had spent his lifetime trying to achieve: a unified kingdom with a single identity.
81 Nkulumane One of the sons of King Mzilikazi and heir, founder of the Matebele kingdom
82 North End Reference to the direction of the suburb
83 North Lynne
84 North Trenance Reference to position relative to that of Trenance
85 Northlea
86 Northvale Former town council area; reference to position and (Umguza) valley
87 Ntaba Moyo
88 Orange Grove
89 Paddonhurst Named after Major Cecil Paddon, O.B.E. (pioneer)
90 Parklands Estate name; Park Lands estate A (portion of original grant to Dominican Sisters)
91 Parkview Situated on the location adjacent to the Centenary Park and proposed location of Bulawayo Zoo
92 Phelandaba Phelandaba translates as "the matter is concluded", a reference to the successful conclusion to the struggle for security.
93 Phumula Phumula means "a resting place", reference to the fact that many have built homes there to retire to.
94 Phumula South Named in reference to relative position of Pumula
95 Queens Park A reference to the Queen and the three main roads – Victoria, Alexandra and Elizabeth
96 Queens Park East A reference to the position relative to that of Queen Park
97 Queens Park West A reference to the position relative to that of Queen Park
98 Queensdale
99 Rangemore The suburb adopted the original estate name.
100 Raylton The suburb adopted the original estate name.
101 Richmond
102 Riverside Derived from the original estate name, which was in reference to the Umguza River
103 Romney Park The suburb was named after George Romney, a British painter.
104 Sauerstown Named after Dr. Han Sauer, original owner of the land
105 Selbourne Park Named after the main road of Selbourne Avenue, now called L. Takawira Avenue, facing Ascot Mansions
106 Sizinda Battle regiment of Mzilikazi of the Matabele
107 Southdale
108 Souththwold The suburb was named by the estate developers, and street names are of many Cotswolds villages and towns.
109 Steeldale Composite name referring to industry
110 Suburbs This was the first suburb in Bulawayo and retained that name. The suburb has many tree-lined avenues and is where the Centenary Park, Natural History Museum and the Bulawayo Athletic Club are found.
111 Sunninghill After British royal residence (given to present Queen at time of marriage)
112 Sunnyside Chosen from list of suggested names
113 Tegela The name is derived from a Ndebele word ukwethekela meaning "to visit".
114 The Jungle
115 Thorngrove The suburb's name came from the large number of mimosa (thorn) trees in the area.
116 Trenance
117 Tshabalala This is the "isibongo" or praise name for Lobengula's mother, Fulata, who was of Swazi extraction.
118 Tshabalala Extension Extension in reference to the suburb of Tshabalala
119 Umguza Estate Named after the Umguza River which runs through it
120 Upper Rangemore Name in reference to Rangemore suburb
121 Waterford
122 Waterlea
123 West Somerton
124 Westgate
125 Westondale
126 Willsgrove
127 Windsor Park Named after English town or Guildford Castle grounds
128 Woodlands Chosen from a list of suggested names
129 Woodville
130 Woodville Park
Retained the old estate name.[8][9]
Bougainvillea, Bulawayo
Bougainvillea outside a Bulawayo home

Topography

The city sits on a plain that marks the Highveld of Zimbabwe and is close to the watershed between the Zambezi and Limpopo drainage basins. The land slopes gently downwards to the north and northwest. The southern side is hillier, and the land becomes more broken in the direction of the Matobo Hills to the south.

Petrea flowers, Bulawayo
Petrea flower in a garden in Bulawayo

Climate

Due to its relatively high altitude, the city has a subtropical climate despite lying in the tropics. Under the Köppen climate classification, Bulawayo features a semiarid climate (BSh). The mean annual temperature is 19.16 °C (66.44 °F),[10] similar to Pretoria at a similar altitude but almost 600 km (373 mi) farther north. As with much of southern and eastern Zimbabwe, Bulawayo is cooled by a prevailing southeasterly airflow most of the year and experiences three broad seasons: a dry, cool winter season from May to August; a hot dry period in early summer from late August to early November; and a warm wet period in the rest of the summer, early November to April. The hottest month is October, which is usually the height of the dry season. The average maximum temperature ranges from 21 °C (70 °F) in July to 30 °C (86 °F) in October. During the rainy season, daytime maxima are around 26 °C (79 °F). Nights are always cool, ranging from 8 °C (46 °F) in July to 16 °C (61 °F) in January.

The city's average annual rainfall is 594 mm (23 in), which supports a natural vegetation of open woodland, dominated by Combretum and Terminalia trees. Most rain falls in the December to February period, while June to August is usually rainless. Being close to the Kalahari Desert, Bulawayo is vulnerable to droughts and rainfall tends to vary sharply from one year to another. In 1978, 888 mm (35 in) of rain fell in the three months up to February (February 1944 is the wettest month on record with 368mm) while in the three months ending February 1983, only 84 mm (3 in) fell.

Water supply

Bulawayo has good quality tap water owing to the management of the water authorities, meeting international standards . Bulawayo does not recycle waste water but uses treated waste water for irrigation.

Bulawayo experiences water shortages in drought seasons due to the overwhelming increase in population versus the static and sometimes decreasing capacity of the reserve dams. The geographical factors causing water scarcity are rising temperatures, the area's high elevation and the arid environment of Matabeleland. Bulawayo provides residents with water by using a system of dams, treatment plants, and reservoirs.

Environmental and sanitation circumstances have detrimental effects on water quality. Sources such as groundwater and tap water are subject to pollution due to waste from burst sewers contaminating them. Samples taken from well water from the Pumula and Robert Sinyoka suburbs show that well water maintain levels of coliform higher than the Standards Association of Zimbabwe and World Health Organization give.[14][15]

Demographics

Population census controversy

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1992 620,936—    
2002 676,650+9.0%
2012 653,337−3.4%
Source: Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT)

The population of Bulawayo, according to the 2012 national census, stood at 653,337;[16] however, this figure has been rejected by the Bulawayo City Council authority with Councillor Martin Moyo claiming an anti-Bulawayo conspiracy to under-fund projects in the city.[17][18]

The population of the city according to metropolitan council sources is closer to 1.5 million and a more closer and estimated figure being 1.2 million. Reports have alluded to the de-industrialization of the city as the reason for its population decline, a claim which was rubbished as council officials referred to the fact that, in 1992 the city's population stood at 620,936. It had grown in the number of households due to urban expansion. City authorities also laid claim to the fact that the current water challenges facing the city were a result of an increasing population despite its economic challenges.

Economy

Bulawayo was known as the industrial hub of Zimbabwe. This is the reason why the Zimbabwe International Trade Fair is hosted in Bulawayo. It had a large manufacturing presence with large industries based here before Zimbabwe's economic collapse. However, some of these companies have either moved operations to Harare or have closed down — which has crippled Bulawayo's economy. Most factories are deserted and the infrastructure has since been left to deteriorate. The reason for the de-industrialization has largely been political with some factories like Gold Star sugar company removing machinery that was installed during colonial times to open new factories in Harare . When Government passed Indegenisation laws some successful businesses were taken over by Zanu PF people only to close down a fews years later.

Many locals argue that it is because of marginalisation they experience against the government due to cultural differences between the Shona in Harare and the Ndebele in Bulawayo because the National railways of Zimbabwe (headquarters in Bulawayo) is a government parastatal and, as such, should have been thriving had it not been for embezzlement of funds by company executives who are believed to be Shona. The water issue is not new and had brought about the "help a thirsty Matabele" initiative of the 1970s and the Matabeleland Zambezi Water Project which would put an end to the water issue in Matabeleland was drafted; however, this project was put on hold soon after independence.

These allegations have all been labeled hogwash by the relevant authorities. However, they have only fueled the secessionist initiative into a general opinion. The city still contains most of what remains of Zimbabwe's heavy industry and food processing capability. This includes a thermal power station that resumed operations in February 2011 after a capitalisation deal with the Government of Botswana where Bulawayo would supply 45 megawatts in three years.

Like many parts of the country, Bulawayo has for the past ten years seen a huge drop in service delivery and an increase in unemployment due to the resignations of people seeking better prospects across the border. Many people resorted to farming, mining, and the black market for sustenance, while others depended on the little foreign currency that would be sent by family in other countries. However, with the introduction of the multi-currency system in 2009, a new approach is seen by investors in the city who admire the already-available infrastructure; the huge workforce; and Bulawayo as great prospects. It is set to once again contribute greatly to the economy of Zimbabwe.

The city is served by Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport and the other international airport in the region being the Victoria Falls International Airport. Bulawayo is the capital of the bigger Matabeleland province which is arguable Zimbabwe's tourism paradise. Matabeleland boosts of Victoria Falls, Matopo National Park, Hwange National Park, Khami Ruins and a bigger share of Lake Kariba . The city is located within an excellent road and rail transport network linking the region to South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique.

Bulawayo Centre
The Bulawayo Centre

Important buildings and infrastructure

Nesbittcastle2
The Nesbitt Castle, Bulawayo

These include:

Government

Bulawayo is governed by the Bulawayo City Council, which is headed by the Mayor of Bulawayo.

Bulawayo City Council

Bulawayo city council headquarters
Bulawayo City Council Offices

Although controlled by the main opposition party MDC-T, the council has managed to stand out as the leading municipality in Zimbabwe in service delivery to its residents, through campaigns engineered by the city council such as the #mycitymypride campaign and #keepbyoclean on social media. These have been met with positive responses by residents and other stakeholders in the city. In recent years, Bulawayo has been widely perceived as the cleanest city in Zimbabwe due to the council's effective waste management strategy.

In 2015 the city of Bulawayo was praised for its town planning that, unlike major urban areas such as Harare and Chitungwiza, has not been marred by corruption and problems such as illegal settlements. The municipality police are among the hardest working as they maintain order in the city without corruption or favour.

Attractions and amenities

Centinary Park
Centinary Park

Museums

Bulawayo has museums of national importance, including the Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe, National Gallery, Bulawayo and the Bulawayo Railway Museum.

Parks

There are a number of parks in Bulawayo, including

  • Centenary Park (which includes an amphitheatre, lawns and a large fountain)
  • Barham Green
  • Hillside Dams Conservancy (which has a number of dams within it)
  • Mabukweni

Sports

Opening ceremony of the African Olympic Hockey Qualifiers 2011
Opening ceremony of the African Olympic Hockey Qualifiers 2011, Khumalo Hockey Stadium

Bulawayo is home to the Queens Sports Club and Bulawayo Athletic Club, two of the three grounds in Zimbabwe where test match cricket has been played.

Bulawayo Golf Club, the first golf club in the city and country was established in 1895. The Matsheumhlope river cuts through the 18 hole course in the suburbs.

It is home to Hartsfield Rugby grounds where many international Test matches have been played. Hartsfield was developed by Reg Hart, after whom the grounds were named and on which field many of southern Africa's greatest rugby players have competed. It is home to two large football teams: Highlanders and Zimbabwe Saints. Other football teams include Bantu Rovers, Chicken Inn, How Mine, Quelaton, and Bulawayo City (R).

Natural History Museum Zimbabwe Bulawayo
Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe

Other important sporting and recreational facilities include

Infrastructure

Transport

NRZ 14A class no 515
14A class Engine no 515 on Ash Spur shunt, Bulawayo Station

The city has a total road network of about 2100 kilometres; 70 percent was declared in 2017 in a poor condition.[19] The R2 road links Bulawayo with the Capital Harare.

The city has Bulawayo Station on the Harare-Gaborone main line and the Beitbridge Bulawayo Railway.

On the 1 November 2013, a new terminal of Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport, formerly known as Bulawayo Airport, was opened.[20]

Healthcare

Bulawayo is home to a large number of hospitals and other medical facilities. The United Bulawayo Hospitals, a public hospital network, operates Bulawayo Central Hospital, Richard Morris Hospital, Lady Rodwell Maternity Hospital, and Robbie Gibson Infectious Diseases Hospital.[21] Mpilo Central Hospital, is the largest hospital in Bulawayo, and the second-largest in Zimbabwe, and features a nursing school and midwifery school on its campus. Bulawayo is also home to Ingutsheni Hospital, which at 700 beds is the largest psychiatric hospital in Zimbabwe. Other hospitals in Bulawayo include All Saints Children's Hospital, Hillside Hospital, Mater Dei Hospital, the Nervous Disorders Hospital, St Francis Hospital, and Thorngrove Isolation Hospital.

Education

In Bulawayo, there are 128 primary and 48 secondary schools.[22]

Primary schools

No. School Name
1. Amaswazi Primary School
2. Amaveni Primary School
3. Babambeni Primary School
4. Baines Infant School
5. Baines Junior
6. Barham Green Primary School
7. Carmel Primary School
8. Coghlan Primary School
9. Dominican Convent Primary School, Bulawayo
10. Dumezweni Primary School
11. Emakhandeni Primary School
12. Fairbridge Primary School
13. Fusi Primary School
14. Gampu Primary School
15. Godlwayo Primary School
16. Helemu Primary School
17. Henry Low Primary School
18. Hillside Infant School
19. Hillside Junior School
20. HQ 1 Brigade Primary School
21. Hugh Beadle Primary School
22. Induba Primary School
23. Infant School
24. Ingubo Primary School
25. Ingwegwe Primary School
26. Inkanyezi Primary School
27. Insukamini Primary School
28. Intunta Primary School
29. Inzwananzi Primary School
30. John Slaven Primary School
31. Josiah Chinamano Primary School
32. King George VI Memorial School
33. Kumalo Primary School
34. Lobengula Primary School
35. Lobengula Primary School
36. Lochview Primary School
37. Losikeyi Primary School
38. Lotshe Primary School
39. Lukhanyiso Primary School
40. Luveve Primary School
41. Mabhukudwana Primary School
42. Mafakela Primary School
43. Mafela Primary School
44. Magwegwe Primary School
45. Mahlabezulu
46. Mahlathini Primary School
47. Malindela Primary School
48. Manondwana Primary School
49. Manyewu Primary School
50. Maphisa Primary School
12. Masiyephambili Junior School
51. Masuku Primary School
52. Maswazi Primary School
53. Matshayisikova Primary School
54. Mawaba Primary School
55. Mazwi Primary School
56. Mbizo Primary School
57. McKeurten Primary School
58. Mganwini Primary School
59. Mgiqika Primary School
60. Mgombane Primary School
61. Mhali Primary School
62. Milton Junior School
63. Mkhithika Primary School
64. Moray Primary School
65. Mpumelelo Primary School
66. Mthombowesizwe Primary School
67. Mtshane Primary School
68. Mtshede Primary School
69. Mtshingwe Primary School
70. Mzilikazi Primary School
71. Newmansford Primary School
72. Ngwalongwalo Primary School
73. Nketa Primary School
74. Nkulumane Primary School
75. Ntabeni Primary School
76. Ntshamathe Primary School
77. Nyamande Primary School
78. Petra Primary School
79. Phelandaba SDA Primary School
80. Queen Elizabeth II Primary School
81. Rangemore Primary School
82. Robert Tradgold Primary School
83. Rose Camp Primary School
84. Senzangakhona Primary School
86. Sigombe Primary School
87. St. Bernards R.C Primary School
88. St. Patricks R.C Primary School
89. St. Thomas Aquinas Primary School
90. Tategulu Primary School
91. Tennyson Primary School
92. Thembiso Primary School
93. Thomas Rudland Primary School
94. Trenance Primary School
95. Waterford Primary School
96. Whitestone School
97. Woodville Primary School
98. Zulukandaba Primary School

Schools outside Bulawayo

  • Falcon College – outskirts of Bulawayo, Esigodini
  • Plumtree School – 88 km (55 miles) from Bulawayo, in Plumtree
  • John Tallach High School
  • Inyathi High School – 70 km from Bulawayo
  • St James girls high -nyamandlovu 80 miles from Bulawayo
  • George Silundika
  • Mtshabezi High School

Higher education

Bulawayo is home to a number of colleges and universities. The National University of Science and Technology, the second-oldest university in Zimbabwe, was established in Bulawayo in 1991.[23] Solusi University, a Seventh-day Adventist institution established in Bulawayo in 1894, gained university status in 1994. Additionally, the University of Zimbabwe and the Catholic University of Zimbabwe, both based in Harare, operate satellite campuses in Bulawayo.

Bulawayo is home to a number of institutes of technology and vocational colleges, including Bulawayo Polytechnic College, Speciss College, and the Zimbabwe School of Mines,[24] among others. The city is also home to several teachers' colleges, including the Blended Education College of Southern Africa,[25] Hillside Teachers' College, and the United College of Education.

Media

Newspapers

The Chronicle, a state-owned daily newspaper, and its Sunday edition, The Sunday News, are published in Bulawayo. The Chronicle is the second-oldest newspaper in Zimbabwe, and along with The Herald, published in Harare, it is one of two major state-owned newspapers in the country. UMthunywa, a state-owned Ndebele-language newspaper, is also published in Bulawayo, where the majority of the population belongs to the Ndebele people. Private online publications like Bulawayo24 News and B-Metro are also based in Bulawayo.

Sister cities

Bulawayo has six sister cities:

See also

References

  1. ^ Google Earth
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ A.R.C.B. (1961). "Review: A Russian Look at Rhodesia". The Journal of African History. 2 (1): 161–162. doi:10.1017/s0021853700002279.
  4. ^ Thorpe, C. Limpopo to Zambesi, London 1951 p.51
  5. ^ "D.S.O." London Gazette. 19 April 1901. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Industrial empire Bulawayo reduced to a ghost town". mg.co.za. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  7. ^ "isiNdebele for beginners. Northern Ndebele language in Africa". www.northernndebele.blogspot.com.
  8. ^ Technologies, Numo Uno. "Bulawayo 1872.com :::: Southern African home". www.bulawayo1872.com.
  9. ^ "Scottish Place Names - Bulawayo, Zimbabwe". www.rampantscotland.com.
  10. ^ GISS Climate data, Average annual temperature 1971 to 2001
  11. ^ "World Weather Information Service – Bulawayo". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Bulawayo Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  13. ^ "Klimatafel von Bulawayo (Goetz-Observatorium) / Simbabwe" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  14. ^ Nyemba, Anesu; Manzungu, Emmanuel (2010). "The impact of water scarcity on environmental health in selected residential areas in Bulawayo City, Zimbabwe". Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C. 35 (13–14): 823–827. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2010.07.028. Retrieved Nov 11, 2016.
  15. ^ Nyemba, Anesu. "The impact of water scarcity on environmental health in selected residential areas in Bulawayo City, Zimbabwe." Physics and chemistry of the earth 35.13 (2010):823–827. Web.
  16. ^ "Provincial Report – Bulawayo" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 September 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  17. ^ "Bulawayo Census Outrage". chronicle.co.zw. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  18. ^ "Storm Over Bulawayo Census Results". thestandard.co.zw. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  19. ^ "70% of Bulawayo roads dilapidated". bulawayo24.com. 12 Feb 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  20. ^ "Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport opens". bulawayo24.com. 2 November 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  21. ^ "About Us". United Bulawayo Hospitals. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  22. ^ Makoni, Albert (6 September 2007). "Health disaster looms in Bulawayo". The Zimbabwe Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 December 2007. Retrieved 22 November 2007.
  23. ^ Shizha, Edward; Kariwo, Michael T. (2012). Education and Development in Zimbabwe. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 10. ISBN 9789460916069.
  24. ^ Zimbabwe School of Mines. Zimbabwe School of Mines http://www.zsm.ac.zw/zsmsite/index.php. Retrieved 19 April 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ "First private teachers' college opens doors". Bulawayo24 News. 2019-02-17. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  26. ^ "Twin City of Aberdeen Stavanger Norway". About Aberdeen. Retrieved 2019-02-26.
  27. ^ "Sister Cities". www.durban.gov.za. Retrieved 2019-02-26.
  28. ^ a b "Bulawayo Engages Australia For Economic Development". ZimEye. 2018-12-02. Retrieved 2019-02-26.
A6 road (Zimbabwe)

The A6 is a highway in Zimbabwe running from Beitbridge to Gwanda and Bulawayo.A6 Highway runs from Bulawayo through Esigodini, Mulungwane, Mbalabala, Gwanda, West Nicholson, Makado, Mazunga to Beitbridge. It is part of the Trans-African Highway network

Alexander McCall Smith

R. Alexander "Sandy" McCall Smith, CBE, FRSE (born 24 August 1948), is a British-Zimbabwean writer and Emeritus Professor of Medical Law at the University of Edinburgh. In the late 20th century, McCall Smith became a respected expert on medical law and bioethics and served on British and international committees concerned with these issues.

He has since become internationally known as a writer of fiction, with sales of English-language versions exceeding 40 million by 2010 and translations into 46 languages. He is most widely known as the creator of The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency series. "McCall" is not a middle name: his two-part surname is "McCall Smith".

Beitbridge Bulawayo Railway

The Beitbridge Bulawayo Railway (BBR) is a privately owned railway company that provides a rail link in Zimbabwe between Beitbridge at the South African border and Zimbabwe's second city Bulawayo.

The 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge BBR is a build-operate-transfer project that has shortened the distance between Bulawayo in Zimbabwe and South Africa to 317 kilometres (197 miles). Prior to its inauguration, rail service between South Africa and Bulawayo used a route through Botswana that is about 200 kilometres (120 miles) longer. The shorter line has been used primarily for freight transportation.

New Limpopo Projects Investments Limited (NLPI), a Mauritius registered company, specialises in private sector investments using the build-operate-transfer (BOT) concept. The BBR is one of the three connected NLPI railway operations in Zimbabwe and Zambia that form a rail link between South Africa and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.The BBR was inaugurated on 15 July 1999. After 30 years of service the BBR will be handed over to the National Railways of Zimbabwe at no cost. It has had a profound negative impact on the profitability of Botswana Railways that saw its Zimbabwe-related freight volume drop by 90,000 to 10,000 tons.

Catholic Church in Zimbabwe

The Catholic Church in Zimbabwe is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

There were 1,145,000 Catholics in the country (about 9% of the total population) in 2005. There are eight dioceses, including two archdioceses. Pius Ncube, the former archbishop of Bulawayo, was an outspoken critic of the then government of Robert Mugabe, who is also a Catholic.

Christian Brothers College, Bulawayo

St. Patrick's Christian Brothers College, Bulawayo, commonly referred to as Christian Brothers College (CBC), is a private multiracial boys-only high school located in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. It was founded in the 1950s.

Christian Brothers College was ranked 63rd out of the top 100 best high schools in Africa by Africa Almanac in 2003, based upon quality of education, student engagement, strength and activities of alumni, school profile, internet and news visibility.Christian Brothers College is a member of the Association of Trust Schools (ATS) and the Headmaster is a member of the Conference of Heads of Independent Schools in Zimbabwe (CHISZ).

First Matabele War

The First Matabele War was fought between 1893 and 1894 in modern day Zimbabwe. It pitted the British South Africa Company against the Ndebele (Matabele) Kingdom. Lobengula, king of the Ndebele, had tried to avoid outright war with the company's pioneers because he and his advisors were mindful of the destructive power of European-produced weapons on traditional Matabele impis (units of Zulu warriors) attacking in massed ranks. Lobengula had 80,000 spearmen and 20,000 riflemen, armed with Martini-Henry rifles, which were modern arms at that time. However, poor training meant that these were not used effectively. The British South Africa Company had no more than 750 troops in the British South Africa Company's Police, with an undetermined number of possible colonial volunteers and an additional 700 Tswana (Bechuana) allies. Cecil Rhodes, who was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony and Leander Starr Jameson, the Administrator of Mashonaland also tried to avoid war to prevent loss of confidence in the future of the territory. Matters came to a head when Lobengula approved a raid to forcibly extract tribute from a Mashona chief in the district of the town of Fort Victoria, which inevitably led to a clash with the Company.

Girls' College

Girls' College is an independent, day and boarding high school for girls in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. The school was founded in 1983.

Girls' College is a member of the Association of Trust Schools and the Head is a member of the Conference of Heads of Independent Schools in Zimbabwe.

John Love (racing driver)

John Maxwell Lineham Love (7 December 1924 – 25 April 2005) was a Rhodesian racing driver. He participated in 10 Formula One World Championship Grands Prix, debuting on 29 December 1962. He achieved one podium, and scored a total of six championship points.

Love was born in Bulawayo. He attended Gifford High School. He started his car racing career in a single-seat Cooper F3 with a Manx Norton 500 cc engine after racing a Triumph Grand Prix motorcycle, which Love then-allowed Jim Redman to ride when starting his race career, in recognition of Redman's assistance in preparing and maintaining Love's Cooper.Six times South African Formula One Champion in the 1960s, he had originally shone in the European Formula Junior firmament back in 1961–62 at the wheel of a Cooper-Austin from Ken Tyrrell's team. An unfortunate accident at Albi resulted in a very badly broken arm and effectively thwarted his chances of moving into full-time Formula One, but he came close when he was nominated as Phil Hill's replacement in the works Cooper team for the 1964 Italian Grand Prix at Monza.He was a regular contestant in the South African Grand Prix from 1965 to 1972. He was leading the 1967 South African Grand Prix at Kyalami in his 2.7 L Climax-engined Cooper, when a misfire prompted him to make a precautionary stop for extra fuel. He dropped back to finish second behind the works Cooper-Maserati of Pedro Rodríguez.Love would dominate racing in southern Africa in the 1960s, winning the South African Formula One Championship six times in succession from 1964 to 1969. He would also win his home race, the Rhodesian Grand Prix, six times.He owned the Jaguar dealership in Bulawayo and had his own stock car racing team in the 1980s. He died in 2005, aged 80, from cancer, in Bulawayo.

Khami

Khami (also written as Khame, Kame or Kami) is a ruined city located 22 kilometres west of Bulawayo, in Zimbabwe. It was once the capital of the Kalanga Kingdom of Butwa of the Tolwa dynasty. It is now a national monument, and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.

List of football clubs in Zimbabwe

The following is an incomplete list of association football clubs based in Zimbabwe.

For a complete list see Category:Football clubs in Zimbabwe

Matabeleland

Modern-day Matabeleland is a region in Zimbabwe divided into three provinces: Matabeleland North, Bulawayo and Matabeleland South. These provinces are in the west and south-west of Zimbabwe, between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers. The region is named after its inhabitants, the Ndebele people. Other ethnic groups who inhabit parts of Matabeleland include the Tonga, Kalanga, Venda, Nambia, Sotho, Tswana and Khoisan. As of August 2012, according to the Zimbabwean national statistics agency ZIMSAT, the southern part of the region had 683,893 people, comprising 326,697 males and 356,926 females, with an average size household of 4.4 in an area of 54,172 square kilometres (20,916 sq mi). As for the Matabeleland Northern Province, it had a total population of 749,017 people out of the population of Zimbabwe of 13,061,239. The proportion of males and females was 48 and 52 percent respectively within an area of just over 75,017 square kilometres (28,964 sq mi). The remaining Bulawayo province had a population of 653,337 in an area of 1,706.8 square kilometres (659.0 sq mi).

Thus the region has a combined population of 2,086,247 in an area of just over 130,000 square kilometres (50,000 sq mi) and that is just over the size of England. The major city is Bulawayo, other notable towns are Plumtree and Hwange. The land is particularly fertile but dry. This area has important gold deposits. Industries include gold and other mineral mines, and engineering. There has been a decline in the industries in this region as water is in short supply. Promises by the government to draw water for the region through the Matabeleland Zambezi Water Project have not been carried out. The region is allegedly marginalised by the government.

Mike Williams (rugby union)

Michael Patrick Williams (born 4 November 1991, in Bulawayo) is a Zimbabwean rugby player for Leicester Tigers. He previously played for Worcester Warriors in the RFU Championship. He plays primarily as a lock but he can also play at flanker.

In 2010 and 2011, he captained the Sharks at age-group level in South Africa before playing with Tuks and the Pretoria-based Blue Bulls in 2012 and 2013. He enjoyed an outstanding 2013 Varsity Cup campaign, winning man of the match in the semi-final against UJ.He moved to England to join Worcester Warriors on a two-year deal.

On 1 February 2015, Williams would leave Worcester for Premiership Rugby side Leicester Tigers from the 2015–2016 season.

Miss World Zimbabwe

Miss World Zimbabwe is a Beauty pageant to select a delegate for Miss World pageant. This pageant is related to Miss Zimbabwe contest.

Provinces of Zimbabwe

Provinces are constituent political entities of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe currently has ten provinces, two of which are cities with provincial status. Zimbabwe is a unitary state, and its provinces exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. Provinces are divided into districts, which are divided into wards.

The Constitution of Zimbabwe delineates provincial governance and powers. After constitutional amendments in 1988, provinces were administered by a governor directly appointed by the President of Zimbabwe. Since the 2013 constitutional changes, there are technically no longer provincial governors, though in practice they remain in place as Ministers of State for Provincial Affairs. The 2013 Constitution also calls for the devolution of governmental powers and responsibilities where appropriate, though Zimbabwean opposition parties argue that the central government has yet to comply.With the establishment of Company rule in Rhodesia in the 1890s, the country was divided into two provinces: Matabeleland in the west and Mashonaland in the east. Under British colonial rule as Southern Rhodesia, the colony was divided into five provinces. Later, the Rhodesian government expanded the number of provinces to seven: Manicaland, Matabeleland North and South, Mashonaland North and South, Midlands, and Victoria (today Masvingo). In the 1980s, Mashonaland North and South became three provinces, and the capital, Harare, was made a province. The youngest province, Bulawayo, was split from Matabeleland North in 1997.

Queens Sports Club

Queens Sports Club Ground is a stadium in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. It is used primaily used for cricket matches. The stadium has a capacity of up to 13,000. The stadium is the home ground for the Matabeleland Tuskers, who are the current Logan Cup champions. The other Cricket ground in Bulawayo is the Bulawayo Athletic Club.Queen's Sports Club is Zimbabwe's second ground, and the first being the Harare Sports Club. It is situated close to the city center is one of international cricket's most picturesque venues, with an old pavilion surrounded by trees which give shade to spectators. Much of the ground consists of grass banking and its capacity of 13,000 is more than enough to cope with demand. Queens Sports Club became Zimbabwe's third Test venue in October 1994. The Zimbabwe national cricket team has had a lot of success at this venue, beating teams like England, West Indies, Australia, Pakistan and the once weak Bangladesh. In recent times it has however been a stadium of horror for the locals, as it was at this venue that Zimbabwe lost to a lowly Afghanistan. It will host the two tests against South Africa in August 2019 after the 2019 Cricket World Cup.

During a Currie Cup match between Eastern Province and Rhodesia in 1954/55, the scorers' box became a mass of smoke and sparks after electrical equipment was struck by lightning.

Second Matabele War

The Second Matabele War, also known as the Matabeleland Rebellion or part of what is now known in Zimbabwe as the First Chimurenga, was fought between 1896 and 1897 in the area then known as Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe. It pitted the British South Africa Company against the Matabele people, which led to conflict with the Shona people in the rest of Rhodesia.

In March 1896, the Matabele revolted against the authority of the British South Africa Company. The Mlimo (or M'limo, or Umlimo) the Matabele spiritual leader, is credited with fomenting much of the anger that led to this confrontation. He convinced the Matabele and the Shona that the settlers (almost 4,000 strong by then) were responsible for the drought, locust plagues and the cattle disease rinderpest ravaging the country at the time.

The Mlimo's call to battle was well-timed. Only a few months earlier, the British South Africa Company's Administrator General for Matabeleland, Leander Starr Jameson, had sent most of his troops and armaments to fight the Transvaal Republic in the ill-fated Jameson Raid. This left the country nearly defenceless. The British immediately sent troops to suppress the Matabele and the Shona, but it cost the lives of many on both sides. Months passed before the British forces were strong enough to break the sieges and defend the major settlements, and war raged on until October of the following year.

Timeline of Bulawayo

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

Tony Johnstone

Anthony Alastair Johnstone (born 2 May 1956) is a Zimbabwean professional golfer.

Johnstone was born in Bulawayo, Rhodesia and attended Christian Brothers College. He lives in Sunningdale in England. He turned professional in 1979 and has spent his career playing mainly on the Southern African Sunshine Tour and in Europe. He won six times on the European Tour and finished a career best seventh on the European Tour Order of Merit in 1992. His most prestigious win came at the 1992 British PGA Championship. He won seventeen times on the Sunshine Tour, including one co-sanctioned event also included in his European Tour win tally, and he topped that tour's Order of Merit in 1988/89 and 1993/94. He has represented Zimbabwe in international competition many times.

In 2004 Johnstone was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, possibly ending his playing career. With a revolutionary drug treatment, he appears to have put his MS in remission and made his European Seniors Tour debut shortly after turning fifty in 2006. In 2008 he won his first EST event, the Jersey Seniors Classic. He won his second event on the Senior tour in 2009 at the Travis Perkins plc Senior Masters.

Johnstone is noted for his excellent short game and topped the European Tour's short game statistics in 1998, 1999 and 2000. He has also worked as a golf broadcaster.

Climate data for Bulawayo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.7
(98.1)
34.4
(93.9)
35.6
(96.1)
33.0
(91.4)
30.6
(87.1)
28.3
(82.9)
28.3
(82.9)
32.2
(90.0)
35.0
(95.0)
36.7
(98.1)
37.2
(99.0)
35.2
(95.4)
37.2
(99.0)
Average high °C (°F) 27.7
(81.9)
27.2
(81.0)
27.1
(80.8)
25.9
(78.6)
24.1
(75.4)
21.6
(70.9)
21.5
(70.7)
24.4
(75.9)
27.9
(82.2)
29.4
(84.9)
28.7
(83.7)
27.7
(81.9)
26.1
(79.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.6
(69.1)
18.7
(65.7)
16.0
(60.8)
13.7
(56.7)
13.8
(56.8)
16.4
(61.5)
19.9
(67.8)
21.6
(70.9)
21.7
(71.1)
21.4
(70.5)
18.9
(66.0)
Average low °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
16.2
(61.2)
15.3
(59.5)
13.0
(55.4)
9.9
(49.8)
7.4
(45.3)
7.2
(45.0)
9.1
(48.4)
12.4
(54.3)
15.0
(59.0)
16.0
(60.8)
16.3
(61.3)
12.9
(55.2)
Record low °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
9.4
(48.9)
8.4
(47.1)
3.5
(38.3)
0.0
(32.0)
−3.9
(25.0)
0.0
(32.0)
0.0
(32.0)
1.4
(34.5)
6.9
(44.4)
7.2
(45.0)
8.9
(48.0)
−3.9
(25.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 117.8
(4.64)
104.6
(4.12)
51.4
(2.02)
33.3
(1.31)
7.0
(0.28)
2.2
(0.09)
1.0
(0.04)
1.4
(0.06)
7.0
(0.28)
38.4
(1.51)
91.1
(3.59)
120.3
(4.74)
575.5
(22.66)
Average rainy days 10 8 5 3 1 1 0 0 1 4 8 10 51
Average relative humidity (%) 69 71 70 62 56 54 48 43 41 43 55 63 56
Mean monthly sunshine hours 244.9 212.8 251.1 252.0 279.0 267.0 288.3 300.7 288.0 272.8 237.0 226.3 3,119.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.9 7.6 8.1 8.4 9.0 8.9 9.3 9.7 9.6 8.8 7.9 7.3 8.5
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization[11] NOAA (sun and mean temperature, 1961–1990)[12]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes and humidity)[13]
Provinces
Districts
Wards
Largest cities

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