Bulacan

Bulacan (Tagalog: Lalawigan ng Bulakan; Kapampangan: Lalawigan ning Bulacan) (PSGC: 031400000; ISO: PH-BUL) is a province in the Philippines, located in the Central Luzon Region (Region III) in the island of Luzon, 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) north of Manila (the nation's capital), and part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway Super Region. Bulacan was established on August 15, 1578.

It has 569 barangays from 21 municipalities and three component cities (Malolos the provincial capital, Meycauayan, and San Jose del Monte). Bulacan is located immediately north of Metro Manila. Bordering Bulacan are the provinces of Pampanga to the west, Nueva Ecija to the north, Aurora and Quezon to the east, and Metro Manila and Rizal to the south. Bulacan also lies on the north-eastern shore of Manila Bay.

In the 2015 census, Bulacan had a population of 3,292,071 people, the most populous in Central Luzon and the third most populous in the Philippines, after Cebu and Cavite.[4] Bulacan's most populated city is San Jose del Monte, the most populated municipality is Santa Maria while the least populated is Doña Remedios Trinidad.

In 1899, the historic Barasoain Church in Malolos was the birthplace of the First Constitutional Democracy in Asia.

On November 7, 2018, the Provincial Government of Bulacan bagged its fourth Seal of Good Local Governance award. The SGLG award is a progressive assessment system that gives distinction to remarkable governance performance.[6]

Bulacan
Province of Bulacan
Bulacan Provincial Capitol Building
Bulacan Provincial Capitol Building
Flag of Bulacan

Flag
Nickname(s): 
Northern Gateway from Manila[1]
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°00′N 121°05′E / 15°N 121.08°ECoordinates: 15°00′N 121°05′E / 15°N 121.08°E
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
FoundedAugust 15, 1578[2]
CapitalMalolos
Government
 • TypeSangguniang Panlalawigan
 • GovernorWilhelmino M. Sy-Alvarado (Liberal)
 • Vice GovernorDaniel Fernando (Liberal)
Area
 • Total2,796.10 km2 (1,079.58 sq mi)
Area rank46th out of 81
Highest elevation
(Mount Oriod)
1,206 m (3,957 ft)
Population
(2015 census)[4]
 • Total3,292,071
 • Rank2nd out of 81
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
 • Density rank4th out of 81
Demonym(s)
Divisions
 • Independent cities0
 • Component cities
 • Municipalities
 • Barangays569
 • Districts1st to 4th districts of Bulacan, Legislative lone district of the city of San Jose del Monte
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups
 • Languages
Time zoneUTC+8 (PHT)
ZIP code
3000–3024
IDD:area code+63 (0)44
ISO 3166 codePH
Income class [5]First Class
• Assets (2017)Increase PHP 10.452 billion
• Liabilities (2017)Increase PHP 2.285 billion
• Equity (2017)Increase PHP 8.167 billion
• Revenue (2017)Increase PHP 4.984 billion
• Expenses (2017)Increase PHP 3.240 billion
Websitewww.bulacan.gov.ph

History

Spanish Colonization

The Conquest of Bulacan traces to the first years of the Spanish in the Philippines. Upon the defeat of the Macabebe and Hagonoy natives led by Bambalito in the Battle of Bangkusay on June 3, 1571 that caused Martin de Goiti to move up north first to Lubao in September 1571.

Two months later, on November 14, 1571 Martin de Goiti reached Malolos and Calumpit respectively and it was reported to Adelantado Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, the first Governor General of the Philippines. Adelantado established Calumpit and Malolos as an Encomienda entrusted to Sargento Juan Moron (Morones in other documents) and Don Marcos de Herrera.[7] These two conquistador was one of the first group of conquerors accompanied by Legaspi who have arrived in the Islands in 1565.

On April 5, 1572, the Encomiendas of Calumpit and Malolos were unified co-administered by Moron and Herrera. Also on that year Alcaldia de Calumpit was formed which the areas of Macabebe, Candaba, Apalit in Pampanga and the settlements of Meyto, Panducot, Meysulao and Malolos. And on December 28, 1575 Governor - General Francisco Sande order to include Hagonoy in Calumpit. (NHCP Journal February 2015)

In 1575, Bulakan was established as a visita of Tondo and it is not part of Calumpit as the boundary between Tondo and Calumpit were marked in Mambog River and placed the statue of Our Lady of Visitacion (partroness of Calumpit) was erected. It was gone and recreated in 1997 upon the re-establishment of the Roman Catholic Parish of Our Lady of Presentacion in Malolos.

On April 30, 1578 Bulakan town was officially established by the Augustinians with Fray Diego Vivar as its first prior and the convent was dedicated to San Agustin. (when it was change to Our Lady of Assumption was uncertain). It was reported that the western part of the present-day Bulacan was to be very well populated and rich. No exact date and year when Alcaldia de Calumpit was dissolved and the exact foundation year of the Province of Bulacan. It was only documented that Malolos (then part of Calumpit in 1572) were first to be appeared as part of Alcaldia de Bulacan was in 1582. It may assumed that reorganization of encomiendas has been occurred between 1580-1582 at the time of Governor General Gonzalo Ronquillo de Penalosa.

Same document also from the 1582 Relacion de las Islas Filipinas by Miguel de Loarca reports that Alcaldia de Calumpit have the jurisdiction in the areas of Calumpit (capital) Capalangan, Cabangbangan and Hagonoy as its villages. Then Loarca was mentioned that Alcaldia de Bulacan have Bulakan (capital) Malolos, Caluya, Guguinto, Binto and Catanghalan (instead of Meycauayan) as it Encomiendas which formerly have one alcalde mayor but he said that Alcaldia de Bulacan was formed in 1580 at the time of Penalosa. In the document of Governor-General Luis Perez de Dasmarinas in the Account of the Encomiendas for the King of Spain furnished on June 21, 1591. Dasmarinas mentioned that Alcaldia of Bulacan was part of La Pampanga with the Encomiendas subject to it such as the Encomiendas of Malolos (3,600 persons), Binto (2,000 persons), Guiguinto (2,000 persons), Caluya (2,800 persons), Mecabayan (2, 800 persons) and Bulacan identified as " capital" and residence of "alcalde mayor" with 4,800 persons.In the same 1591 document it was mentioned that Calumpit y Hagonoy belongs to Juan Moron with the 12,800 persons, 2 Augustinian Convents and One Alcalde Mayor of its own.

However, the establishment and development of southern part of the present-day Bulacan was not simultaneous and identified with the West. It was because this part of the Province was established by other group of missionaries, the Franciscan Order who came in the islands only in 1577 at Manila. In 1578 Order of Friars Minor headed by Juan de Plasencia and Diego Oropesa arrived in the area called Toril (now part of Meycauayan) and their headquarters. Also in 1578 Plasencia established the Town of Meycauayan. Its pueblos was first only settlements of the Old Meycauayan, founded by Franciscan[8]

Secondary sources mentioned that Meycauayan exist as a Province in 1578.It was said the Augustinians Christianized Bulacan (the town after which the province was named). where in fact Bulacan "the town" was already a visita of Tondo in 1575 and Calumpit where Malolos and Hagonoy belongs in 1572. The province of Bulacan is on the island of Luzon, and is one of the most important Alcadia de Termino, Civil and politically it corresponds to the Audiencia y capitanía general de Filipinas, and spiritually belongs to the Archbishop of Manila.[9] The Franciscan friars Juan Plasencia and Fray Diego de Oropesa founded Meycauayan in 1578, and for a time it was the capital of the Province of Meycauayan (differ from the Western Bulacan administered by Augustinian Order since 1572) Meycauayan people were able to flourish, and became so rich that the sons are six of the best in the then Province of Meycauayan. It was the towns of Bocaue, Polo, San Jose del Monte, Santa Maria de Pandi, Obando and Marilao).[10]

IJVCasaReal4
The Casa Real de Malolos. Served as the office and residency of the Governor of Malolos.

During the General Visitation of October 5, 1762 by, Sr. Doctor Don Simón de Anda y Salazar, the province was headed by Capitan Don Jose Pasarin, alcalde mayor of the province.[11] 1795-96, Don Manuel Piñon was the alcalde mayor.[12] According to the "Guia de 1839", Bulacan province in the island of Luzon, Philippines, is governed by a mayor, consists of 19 pueblos, 36,394 tributes and 181,970 souls.[13] D. Felipe Gobantes, Alcalde of the province of Bulacan erected a stone column in the plaza of Bulacan in Memory of Fr. Manuel Blanco O.S.A. who died on April 1, 1845.[14]

In 1848, when the boundaries of Pampanga were changed, the region, which includes the important town of San Miguel de Mayumo and neighboring places that were formerly part of Pampanga, was adjudicated to Bulacan.[15]

In an earlier period during 1890, Malolos was a hot-spot of Liberal Ilustrados, notably the "20 Women of Malolos", who exerted pressure for education under a Filipino professor. However, the first phase of the revolution ceased in 1897 with the signing of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato in San Miguel. Under its terms the leaders were to go to Hong Kong and reside there. Under the illusory peace created by the pact, the end of 1897 saw greater determination on the part of the Filipinos to carry on the revolution. In early 1898, the provinces of Zambales, Ilocos, Pampanga, Bulacan, Laguna, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac. and Camarines rose again. In Central Luzon, a revolutionary government was organized under General Francisco Macabulos, a Kapampangan revolutionary leader of La Paz, Tarlac.

The Americans established a local Philippine government in the Philippines when they held the first municipal election in the country in the town of Baliuag on May 6, 1899. At the beginning of the American rule, 1899-1900, Malolos became the headquarters of the Military Governor of the Philippines at Casa Real. On February 27, 1901, the Philippine Commission officially transferred the seat of government to Malolos, and the Casa Real de Malolos was the seat of the Provincial Governor from 1900 to 1930 until the completion of the capitol building at Brgy. Guinhawa, Malolos City.

In 1942, at the height of World War II, the Japanese Imperial Army occupied Bulacan and made Casa Real de Malolos its headquarters. In 1945, combined Filipino and American forces and local guerrillas attacked the Japanese Imperial Forces and liberated Bulacan.

Through Presidential Decree № 824, Bulacan was partitioned on November 7, 1975 to form the National Capital Region. The municipality of Valenzuela was excised to form the new region, while the other 25 towns remained in Bulacan.

Issues concerning the foundation date

For a long period of time, Bulacan traced its founding as a province during the American Period at the reorganization of Philippine Provinces. To determine the tentative date of the province's foundation and to trace its roots from colonial period. Efforts and research conducted by Dr. Jaime Veneracion, Dr. Reynaldo Naguit of the Center for Bulacan Studies and Mr. Isagani Giron of the Samahang Pangkasaysayan ng Bulacan (Sampaka) shows that Bulacan was identified as a visita of Tondo in 1578. With regards to exact date of foundation of Bulacan as a province, Veneracion correlated it with the practice of Spaniard of dedicating the founding a pueblo to the feast of a patron saint. In the case of Bulacan it is the Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion, which is also the patron saint of Bulakan town, the first capital of the province.[2] Officially, the province of Bulacan was created under Act 2711 on March 10, 1917.[16]

Geography

Bulacan covers a total area of 2,796.10 square kilometres (1,079.58 sq mi)[17] occupying the southeastern section of the Central Luzon region. The province is bounded by Nueva Ecija on the north, Aurora (Dingalan) on the northeast, Quezon (General Nakar) on the east, Rizal (Rodriguez) on the southeast, Metro Manila (Valenzuela City, Malabon City, Navotas City, Caloocan City and Quezon City) on the south, Manila Bay on the southwest, and Pampanga on the west.

Several rivers irrigate the province of Bulacan; the largest one is that of Angat. Angat River passes through the towns of Norzagaray, Angat, Bustos, San Rafael, Baliuag, Plaridel, Pulilan, and Calumpit. It flow thence into the Pampanga River, goes out again, washes Hagonoy and loses itself in the mangroves. The banks of these rivers are very fertile and are covered with trees.

Terrain

Bulacan lies in the southern portion of the fertile plains of Central Luzon. The area is drained by the Angat and Pampanga rivers. The Sierra Madre mountain range forms the highlands of Bulacan in the east and is a protected area known as the Angat Watershed Forest Reserve. Angat Lake, which was formed by the Angat Dam is located in that area. The highest point in the province at 1,206[18] meters is Mount Oriod, part of the Sierra Madre.

The Sierra Madre Mountain Range as seen near Mount Oriod's summit
The Sierra Madre Mountain Range as seen near Mount Oriod's summit

On January 19, 2008, an 18-hectare (44-acre) dump site, a new landfill that would also be a tourist attraction opened in Norzagaray, Bulacan province. Ramon Angelo, Jr., president Waste Custodian Management Corp. stated: "I want them to see our system in our place which should not be abhorred because we are using the new state-of-the-art technology."[19]

Climate

November to April is generally dry while wet for the rest of the year. The northeast monsoon (amihan) prevails from October to January bringing in moderated and light rains. From February to April, the east trade winds predominate but the Sierra Madre (Philippines) mountain range to the east disrupts the winds resulting to a dry period. From May to September, the southwest monsoon (habagat).

The hottest month is May having an average temperature of 29.7 °C (85.5 °F) while the coldest is February with an average temperature of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F).

Administrative divisions

Bulacan is subdivided into 21 municipalities and 3 cities. As the population is concentrated in the southern half of the province, so are the legislative districts.

  •  †  Provincial capital and component city
  •  ∗  Component city
  •      Municipality
City or municipality District[17] Population ±% p.a. Area[17] Density Brgy. Coordinates[A]
(2015)[4] (2010)[21] km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi
Angat 3rd 1.8% 59,237 55,332 1.31% 74 29 800 2,100 16 14°55′58″N 121°01′55″E / 14.9327°N 121.0319°E
Balagtas 2nd 2.2% 73,929 65,440 2.35% 28.66 11.07 2,600 6,700 9 14°49′11″N 120°54′22″E / 14.8197°N 120.9061°E
Baliuag 2nd 4.6% 149,954 143,565 0.83% 45.05 17.39 3,300 8,500 27 14°57′31″N 120°53′49″E / 14.9585°N 120.8970°E
Bocaue 2nd 3.6% 119,675 106,407 2.26% 31.87 12.31 3,800 9,800 19 14°47′59″N 120°55′35″E / 14.7996°N 120.9264°E
Bulakan 1st 2.3% 76,565 71,751 1.24% 72.90 28.15 1,100 2,800 14 14°47′39″N 120°52′46″E / 14.7943°N 120.8795°E
Bustos 2nd 2.0% 67,039 62,415 1.37% 69.99 27.02 960 2,500 14 14°57′06″N 120°55′08″E / 14.9518°N 120.9188°E
Calumpit 1st 3.3% 108,757 101,068 1.41% 56.25 21.72 1,900 4,900 29 14°54′54″N 120°45′49″E / 14.9151°N 120.7636°E
Doña Remedios Trinidad 3rd 0.7% 22,663 19,878 2.53% 932.96 360.22 24 62 8 14°58′19″N 121°03′48″E / 14.9720°N 121.0633°E
Guiguinto 2nd 3.0% 99,730 90,507 1.86% 27.50 10.62 3,600 9,300 14 14°49′41″N 120°52′42″E / 14.8280°N 120.8783°E
Hagonoy 1st 3.9% 129,807 125,689 0.62% 103.10 39.81 1,300 3,400 26 14°50′04″N 120°44′00″E / 14.8344°N 120.7334°E
Malolos 1st 7.7% 252,074 234,945 1.35% 67.25 25.97 3,700 9,600 51 14°50′26″N 120°48′42″E / 14.8405°N 120.8116°E
Marilao 4th 6.7% 221,965 185,624 3.46% 33.74 13.03 6,600 17,000 16 14°45′26″N 120°56′52″E / 14.7572°N 120.9477°E
Meycauayan 4th 6.4% 209,083 199,154 0.93% 32.10 12.39 6,500 17,000 26 14°44′10″N 120°57′26″E / 14.7360°N 120.9573°E
Norzagaray 3rd 3.4% 111,348 103,095 1.48% 309.77 119.60 360 930 13 14°54′25″N 121°02′47″E / 14.9070°N 121.0465°E
Obando 4th 1.8% 59,197 58,009 0.39% 52.10 20.12 1,100 2,800 11 14°42′45″N 120°56′06″E / 14.7125°N 120.9351°E
Pandi 2nd 2.7% 89,075 66,650 5.68% 31.20 12.05 2,900 7,500 22 14°51′48″N 120°57′21″E / 14.8633°N 120.9557°E
Paombong 1st 1.6% 53,294 50,940 0.86% 46.34 17.89 1,200 3,100 14 14°49′53″N 120°47′15″E / 14.8315°N 120.7874°E
Plaridel 2nd 3.3% 107,805 101,441 1.17% 32.44 12.53 3,300 8,500 19 14°53′06″N 120°51′33″E / 14.8850°N 120.8591°E
Pulilan 1st 3.0% 97,323 85,844 2.42% 39.89 15.40 2,400 6,200 19 14°54′08″N 120°52′03″E / 14.9021°N 120.8676°E
San Ildefonso 3rd 3.2% 104,471 95,000 1.83% 128.71 49.70 810 2,100 36 15°04′41″N 120°56′23″E / 15.0781°N 120.9398°E
San Jose del Monte SJDM 2 LD 17.4% 574,089 454,553 4.55% 105.53 40.75 5,400 14,000 59 14°48′35″N 121°02′49″E / 14.8098°N 121.0469°E
San Miguel 3rd 4.7% 153,882 142,854 1.43% 231.40 89.34 670 1,700 49 15°08′45″N 120°58′27″E / 15.1457°N 120.9742°E
San Rafael 3rd 2.9% 94,655 85,921 1.86% 152.43 58.85 620 1,600 34 15°01′31″N 120°55′59″E / 15.0253°N 120.9331°E
Santa Maria 4th 7.8% 256,454 218,351 3.11% 90.92 35.10 2,800 7,300 24 14°49′13″N 120°57′38″E / 14.8204°N 120.9606°E
Total 3,292,071 2,924,433 2.28% 2,796.10 1,079.58 1,200 3,100 569 (see GeoGroup box)
  1. ^ Coordinates mark the city/town center, and are sortable by latitude.
  2. Malolos: converted into a city under Republic Act No. 8754; ratified on December 18, 1999.
  3. Meycauayan: converted into a city under Republic Act No. 9356; ratified on December 10, 2006.
  4. San Jose del Monte: converted into a city under Republic Act No. 8797; ratified on September 10, 2000.

Demographics

Population census of
Bulacan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1948 394,000—    
1960 515,000+2.26%
1970 738,000+3.66%
1975 900,000+4.06%
1980 1,096,000+4.02%
1990 1,505,219+3.22%
1995 1,784,441+3.24%
2000 2,234,088+4.94%
2007 2,826,926+3.30%
2010 2,924,433+1.24%
2015 3,292,071+2.28%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][21][21]

The population of Bulacan in the 2015 census was 3,292,071 people,[4] making it the second most populous province in the country, only behind from Cavite, which is also located in Luzon. It had a density of 1,200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,100 inhabitants per square mile, the country's 4th highest for a province.

On 1 May 2010, the province had 2,924,433 inhabitants with an annual population growth rate of 2.73 from the year 2000 to 2010,[21] There were 588,693 households in the province with an average size of 4.8 persons. Bulacan had a median age of 23 years in 2007.[22]

Languages and ethnicity

As it is part of the Tagalog cultural sphere (Katagalugan), Tagalog is the predominant language of Bulacan. Some inhabitants also speak Kapampangan, especially in areas close to the border of Pampanga. Three municipalities (San Miguel, Remedios Trinidad, and Norzagaray) and one city (San Jose del Monte) are the homelands of the Alta Kabulowan, the first inhabitants of Bulacan whose language is also called Alta Kabulowan. Their language is currently endangered due to an influx of Tagalog speakers.

Religion

Roman Catholic is the predominant religion with 88% adherence in the province. Other Christian groups include the Aglipayans, Born-again Christians, Church of God (Ang Dating Daan), Baptists, Jehovah's Witnesses, Iglesia ni Cristo (INC), Methodists, Presbyterians, Mormons, Seventh-day Adventist and other small Charismatic Christian groups. Muslims, Anitists, and other small number of non-Christian groups are also present.

Economy

Industries

The province of Bulacan is steadily becoming industrialized due to its proximity to Metro Manila. Many corporations put up industrial plants and site in Bulacan. Some of the businesses and industries include agribusiness; aquaculture; banking; cement bag making; ceramics; construction; courier; education; food/food processing; furniture; garments; gifts, houseware & decors; hospitals; hotels, resorts & restaurants; information and communications technology; insurance; jewelry; leather & leather tanning; manpower; manufacturing; marble; printing press; pyrotechnics & fireworks manufacturing; realty/real property development; shoe manufacturing; textile; trade; transport services; travel & tours.

Agribusiness & aquaculture

The rural areas still mostly depend on agriculture and aquaculture as a source of income. Some of the major crops are rice, corn, vegetables, and fruits such as mangoes. An orchid farm is operating at Golden Bloom Orchids at Brgy. Maguinao in San Rafael, Bulacan. The fisheries of Bulacan, aside from fishponds and rivers, include Bustos Dam and water logged areas. Major species cultured include bangus, tilapia, prawn, and catfish. This made Bulacan a leading province in Bangus (milkfish) production based on reports of the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS).[23]

Banking and finance

Bulacan is served by all major banks with more than 200 banks doing business in the province. The entrepreneureal culture is supported by the strong cooperative movement with total assets of over PhP 2 Billion.

Industrial estate and parks

This is a partial list of industrial sites in the province:

  • First Bulacan Industrial City—Malolos City
  • Intercity Industrial Estate—Wakas, Bocaue
  • Bulacan Agro-Industrial Subdivision—Calumpit
  • Bulacan Metro Warehouse (BMW) Center—Guiguinto
  • Horizon IT Park—San Jose del Monte[24]
  • Meycauayan Industrial Subd. I, II, III & IV—Meycauayan
  • Meridian Industrial Compound—Meycauayan
  • Muralla Industrial Project—Meycauayan
  • First Velenzuela Industrial Compound—Meycauayan
  • Sterling Industrial Park Phase I, II, III & IV—Meycauayan
  • Grand Industrial Estate—Plaridel
  • Sapang Palay Industrial Estates—San Jose del Monte
  • Agus Development Corporation—Santa María
  • Bulacan ICT Park—Marilao[25]
  • Golden City Business Park—Wakas, Bocaue
  • Sterling Industrial Park—Marilao

Income

Bulacan received the top place for "LGU's with Highest Gross Income" (PhP 1,717,600,000.00) and "Top Spender by LGU's" (PhP 1,349,420,000.00), and third (3rd) among the "Top Provinces with Generated Biggest Net Income" (PhP 368,180,000.00) according to the 2006 Annual Financial Report - Local Governments of the Commission of Audit.[26] The first time to top the perennial top placer, which was the Province of Cebu.[27]

The province received the top place for "LGU's with Highest Gross Income" (PhP 1,807,600,000.00), second (2nd) in "Top Spender by LGU's" (PhP 1,372,160,000.00), and third (3rd) among the "Top Provinces with Generated Biggest Net Income" (PhP 434,830,000.00) according to the 2007 Annual Financial Report - Local Governments of the Commission of Audit.[28]

Based on the Commission of Audit's 2008 Annual Financial Report for Local Governments, the province's total gross income had increased to PhP 1,965,633,000.00 (including the subsidies and extra items). Its expenses had also increased to PhP 1,641,325,000.00, which brings a total net income of PhP 324,308,000.00.[29]

This is the list of the top income earners in Bulacan from 2014 and 2017:

Local Products

"Tatak Bulakenyo Program" was launched in 2004, conceptualized to stimulate economic activity in the province and sustain the anti-poverty thrust of the government thru the promotion of entrepreneurship. The program's beneficiaries are potential micro, small and medium-sized enterprises in the province.[34][35]

Tatak Bulakenyo Products comprises sabutan bags, buntal hats, beverages, and even jams such as tomato jam.

  • Inipit
  • Lengua de gato
  • Minasa
  • Pandesal de Baliuag
  • Polvoron de Pinipig
  • Bibingkang kamoteng kahoy
  • Pinipig de leche
  • Garbanzos
  • Fish and seafoods
  • Bagoong Alamang
  • Sausage Relyeno
  • Tahong chips
  • Honey bee products
  • Tomato jam
  • Chicharon
  • Longganisa
  • Mushroom meat products
  • Ortega’s Best
  • Atsarang dampalit
  • Atsarang indian mango
  • Atsarang kangkong
  • Atsarang papaya
  • Lechon sarsa
  • Pickled fish
  • Pickled jerkins
  • Pickled vegetables
  • Sukang Bulacan
  • TET sarsa
  • Tuba ng sasa

Transportation

Bulacan is dubbed as "The Gateway to the Northern Philippines". The province is linked with Metro Manila primarily through the North Luzon Expressway and Manila North Road (better known as the MacArthur Highway) which crosses the province into Pampanga and western part of Northern Luzon (western Central Luzon, Ilocos and Cordillera Administrative Region). While taking the Cagayan Valley Road in Guiguinto, the road leads to Nueva Ecija and to the eastern part of Northern Luzon (eastern Central Luzon and Cagayan Valley Region). Bulacan will be accessed by the future C-6 Road connecting the provinces of Rizal and Cavite and the cities of Taguig, Parañaque and Muntinlupa in Metro Manila.

The proposed North Luzon East Expressway (NLEE) is the future expressway link between Metro Manila and the provinces of Bulacan and Nueva Ecija. It will also serves as a new alternate route of motorists coming from Manila going to Aurora and Cagayan Valley region.

The MacArthur Highway traverses the province from north to south. Most major towns can be reached through the North Luzon Expressway. A good number of motor vehicles owned largely by private individuals provide mobility to Bulacan's populace. Aside from five main highways that traverse the province, all roads are widely dispersed throughout Bulacan.

Bus terminals of Baliwag Transit Inc., Golden Bee Transport and Logistics Corp., California Bus Line, Sampaguita Liner and Royal Eagle are in Baliuag, Balagtas and Hagonoy. The main bus lines of Philippine Rabbit, Victory Liner, Aladdin Transit that originate from their main terminals in Manila, Pasay and Quezon City and travel northward to cities and towns in Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales, pass through Bulacan via the Tabang exit. Other bus companies that travel to Bulacan include ES Transport Corp. (Earth Star Transportation), Baliwag Transit, First North Luzon, Five Star, Agila Bus Transport, Sta Monica Transport Corp TSC, NSDC Buenasher Lines (Del Carmen), Shannine And Pauline Bus Co., Phil. Corinthian, Mersan, Mayamy, RJ Express. Bulacan is the home of its pride, the one of the biggest bus lines in luzon, the Baliwag Transit Inc. which headquarters in Baliuag, Bulacan hence its name.

Public transportation within the province, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using inexpensive jeepneys and buses. Tricycles are used for short distances.

The San Miguel Corporation’s proposed Bulacan Airport, dubbed as the New Manila International Airport, involves the construction of a brand-new international airport and is being positioned as an alternative to the congested NAIA in Manila.[36] It has also been seen that the four million tourists that visit the country yearly will be tripled once the airport project proposal pushes through.[37]

Education

Rizalbsu
College of Law (Bulacan State University)

The province is home to several nationally recognized public and private educational institutions such as Baliuag University (First school granted full autonomy in Region 3), the Bulacan State University (Main & Satellite Campuses), the Bulacan Polytechnic College (Malolos, Bocaue, Pandi, Angat, San Miguel, San Rafael, Obando & City of San Jose del Monte Campus), Bulacan Agricultural State College (San Ildefonso & DRT Campus), Polytechnic University of the Philippines (Sta. Maria Extension Campus and Pulilan Campus), La Consolacion University Philippines and Centro Escolar University (Malolos Campus). On the other hand, National University, a non-sectarian Manila-based university, will soon establish its first campus outside Metro Manila in the municipality of Baliuag.

Primary and intermediate

Bulacan has a total of 473 public Elementary schools, 383 public schools under the Department of Education (DepEd) Division of Bulacan, 52 public schools under the Division of City Schools of San Jose del Monte and 38 public schools under the Division of City Schools of Malolos.

Secondary

Bulacan has a total of 68 public high schools, national and provincial. Forty-three (43) under the Department of Education (DepEd) Division of Bulacan, Eighteen (18) public high schools under the Division of City Schools of San Jose del Monte, three (3) public high schools under the Division of City Schools of Malolos and Division of City Schools of Meycauayan has (4) public high schools.

Private schools

There are many privately owned (by individual or group) and church-operated schools established in the city. Private schools in the province are member of Bulacan Private Schools Association (BULPRISA) While in City of San Jose del Monte private schools are organized by City of San Jose del Monte Private Schools Association (CSanPRISA). In Malolos, private schools are organized as Malolos City Private Schools Association (MACIPRISA). In Meycauayan, private schools are organized as Meycauayan City Private Schools Association (MEYCIPRISA)

Government

09096jfBulacan Military Area Park Facade Bulacan Provincial Capitol Malolos Cityfvf 03
Marcelo H. Del Pilar monument overviewing the Bulacan Provincial Capitol building

Current provincial government officials (2016–2019):

Provincial Board Members:

  • First District
    • Therese Cheryll "Ayee" B. Ople
    • Felix "Toti" V. Ople
    • Allan P. Andan
  • Second District
    • Atty. Enrique "Buko" V. dela Cruz, Jr.
    • Ma. Lourdes "Baby Monet" Posadas
  • Third District
    • Rino "Nono" V. Castro
    • Atty. Emelita "Emily" I. Viceo
  • Fourth District
    • Alexis "Alex" C. Castro
    • Allan Ray A. Baluyot
    • Perlita "Lita" A. Delos Santos

Ex-officio Board Members:

  • PCL President
    • Josef Andrew T. Mendoza
  • ABC President
    • Ramilito B. Capistrano
  • SK President
    • Robert John Myron A. Nicolas

Congressional District Representatives:

  • First District: Jose Antonio "Kuya Jonathan" R. Sy-Alvarado (Liberal)
  • Second District: Gavini "Apol" C. Pancho (NUP)
  • Third District: Lorna Silverio (NUP)
  • Fourth District: Linabelle Ruth R. Villarica (Liberal)
  • Lone District of San Jose del Monte: Florida "Rida" P. Robes (Liberal)

Official seal

Points of interest

Festivals:[38]

  • Calumpit Libad Festival: Calumpit (June 23–24)
  • Santa Cruzan: City of Malolos (May 1–31)
  • Luyang Dilaw Festival: Marilao (May 2)
  • Obando Fertility Dance: Obando (May 17–19)
  • Feast of the Holy Cross of Wawa: Bocaue (1st Sunday of July)
  • Sto. Niño Festival: City of Malolos (Last Sunday of January)
  • Linggo ng Bulakan: Baliuag (Black Saturday)
  • Flagellants and Lenten Rites: Paombong (Good Friday)
  • Baliuag Lenten Procession: Baliuag (Good Friday)
  • Plaridel Horse Festival: Plaridel (December 29–30)
  • Pulilan Carabao Festival: Pulilan (May 14–15)

Religious:[39]

  • Sta. Monica Church in Angat
  • San Agustin Parish Church in Baliuag
  • St. Martin of Tours Church in Bocaue
  • Meyto Shrine in Calumpit
  • St. John the Baptist Church in Calumpit
  • Basilica Minore de Immaculada Concepcion in City of Malolos
  • Divine Mercy National Shrine in Marilao
  • San Pascual Baylon Church in Obando
  • Simborio Chapel in Plaridel
  • St. Ildefonsus Church in San Ildefonso
  • San Miguel Catholic Church in San Miguel
  • St. John of God Parish Church in San Rafael
  • La Immaculada Concepcion Church (Sta. Maria Church) in Santa Maria
  • Shrine of Saint Andrew Kim in Bocaue
  • Assumption of Our Lady Church in Bulacan
  • Plaridel Catholic Church in Plaridel
  • National Shrine of Saint Anne in Hagonoy
  • San Isidro Labrador Church in Pulilan
  • Barasoain Ecclesiastical Museum in City of Malolos
  • Grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes in San Jose del Monte City
  • Barasoain Church in City of Malolos
  • Museo San Ysidro de Pulilan in Pulilan

Historical:[40]

  • Enriquez Ancestral House in Bulacan
  • Meyto Shrine in Calumpit
  • St. John the Baptist Church in Calumpit
  • Basilica Minore de Immaculada Concepcion in City of Malolos
  • Kakarong de Sili Shrine in Pandi
  • Battle of Quingua Monument in Plaridel
  • Tecson House in San Miguel
  • Marcelo H. del Pilar Shrine in Bulacan
  • Bulacan Museum in City of Malolos
  • Old Train Station in Guiguinto
  • Biak-na-Bato National Park in San Miguel
  • Baliuag Museum in Baliuag
  • Barasoain Ecclesiastical Museum in City of Malolos
  • Pinagrealan Cave in Norzagaray
  • Bagbag Bridge in Calumpit
  • Mercado House in Bustos
  • Casa Real Shrine in City of Malolos
  • Barasoain Church in City of Malolos

Heritages:[41]

  • Baliuag Clock Tower in Baliuag
  • San Agustin Parish Church in Baliuag
  • Enriquez Ancestral House in Bulacan
  • Meyto Shrine in Calumpit
  • St. John the Baptist Church in Calumpit
  • Basilica Minore de Immaculada Concepcion in City of Malolos
  • Marilao Catholic Church in Marilao
  • Battle of Quingua Monument in Plaridel
  • Simborio Chapel in Plaridel
  • Tecson House in San Miguel
  • La Immaculada Concepcion Church (Sta. Maria Church) in Santa Maria
  • Marcelo H. del Pilar Shrine in Bulacan
  • Bulacan Museum in City of Malolos
  • Old Train Station in Guiguinto
  • Francisco Balagtas Museum/Marker Birth Place in Balagtas
  • Shrine of Saint Andrew Kim in Bocaue
  • Plaridel Catholic Church in Plaridel
  • Francisca Reyes Aquino Shrine in Bocaue
  • Baliuag Museum in Baliuag
  • Barasoain Ecclesiastical Museum in City of Malolos
  • Bautista Mansion in City of Malolos
  • Bagbag Bridge in Calumpit
  • Mercado House in Bustos
  • Casa Real Shrine in City of Malolos
  • Barasoain Church in City of Malolos
  • Museo San Ysidro de Pulilan in Pulilan

Ecological:[42]

  • Calumpit River in Calumpit
  • Verdivia Falls in Doña Remedios Trinidad
  • Pulilan Butterfly Haven and Resort in Pulilan
  • Angat Hydroelectric Dam in Norzagaray
  • C & B Orchid Farm in San Rafael
  • Biak-na-Bato National Park in San Miguel
  • Garden City in Guiguinto
  • Bakas in Norzagaray
  • Hilltop in Norzagaray
  • Pinagrealan Cave in Norzagaray
  • Grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes in San Jose del Monte City
  • Puning Cave in Doña Remedios Trinidad
  • Bustos Dam in Bustos

Gallery

2746Bulacan Capitol Gymnasium 09

Bulacan Capitol Gymnasium

JMalolosBulacanHospital1279fvf 26

Bulacan Medical Center

1076Bulacan State University Main Gate 20

Bulacan State University

09299jfBulacan Provincial Capitol Compound Jail Procsecutor Buildingsfvf 12

Bulacan Provincial Jail

JfHapag2826HiyayBulacanfvf 21

Hiyas ng Bulacan Convention Center

09929jfHiyas ng Bulacan Museum Blas Ople Malolos Cityfvf 03

Gat Blas F. Ople Sentro ng Kabataan, Sining at Kultura

0673jfMalolos City, Bulacan Roads Shrine Landmarksfvf 16

Casa Real Shrine - Museo ng Kasaysayang Pampulitika ng Pilipinas (Museum of Philippine Political History)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Central Luzon Region". Province of Bulacan. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  2. ^ a b Balabo, Dino (15 August 2013). "PromdiNEWS: Bulacan celebrates 435th founding year". promdino.blogspot.com.
  3. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Commission on Audit 2017 Report-Bulacan". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Audit (COA). Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Bulacan reaps 4th SGLG award".
  7. ^ "The Spaniards' First 50 Years in the Philippines, 1565-1615 - A Sourcebook". www.philippinehistory.net. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2013-08-15.
  8. ^ Historical Markers, Regions I-IV and CAR, NHI ,1993 p. 297
  9. ^ CRÓNICA DE LAS ISLAS FILIPINAS, by Don Fernando Fulgosio, Rubio, Grilo y Vitturi, Madrid, 1871 p.71
  10. ^ Apuntes Interesantes sobre LAS ISLAS FILIPINAS... Imprenta de EL PUEBLO, Madrid 1869, p. 79
  11. ^ Informe sobre el estado de las Islas Filipinas en 1842, Tomo 1, Madrid 1843, p. 139
  12. ^ D. Angstanle Gouzaga, Estados de la Oblacion de Filipinas Correpsondiente a el ano de 1818, NO. III P. 3
  13. ^ Biblioteca de LEGISLACION ULTRA MARINA, Tomo 2 Letras B. C. IMprenta de Alegria y Charlain, Madrid 1844, p. 105
  14. ^ Catalogo de los religiosos de N.P.S. Agustin de la Provincia del Smo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas, Imp. De Ramirez Y Giraudier, Manila, 1864. p. 240
  15. ^ Census of the Philippine Islands: 1918 Volume I, Geography, History, and Climatology, Census Office of the Philippine Islands, Bureau of Printing, 1920. p. 113
  16. ^ Andres, Tomas (2003). Understanding the Values of the Bulakeños (Book Three). Quezon city, Philippines: Giraffe Book. ISBN 971-8832-74-2.
  17. ^ a b c "Province: Bulacan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  18. ^ "EveryTrail - EveryTrail". www.everytrail.com.
  19. ^ abs-cbnnews.com, New landfill opens in Norzagaray, Bulacan
  20. ^ "Weather forecast for Bulacan, Philippines". Storm247. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  21. ^ a b c d Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  22. ^ "BULACAN'S TOTAL POPULATION APPROACHED THREE MILLION PERSONS (Results from the 2007 Census of Population)". 11 February 2010. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010.
  23. ^ "Aquaculture, Food and Food Processing". bulacan.gov.ph. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
  24. ^ Amojelar, Darwin (April 26, 2015). "ABS-CBN builds 10 soundstages in Bulacan". Manila Standard Today.
  25. ^ pia.gov.ph, Gov bares need for 3,000 grads for Bulacan ICT park project
  26. ^ http://www.coa.gov.ph/Reports/AFR/2006AFR-LGUs.asp 2006 ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS (Provinces, Cities and Municipalities) Volume III-A (full text report) Pages 44, 53 & 58
  27. ^ "Page Not Found - The Manila Bulletin Newspaper Online". 7 June 2011.
  28. ^ http://www.coa.gov.ph/Reports/AFR/2007AFR-Local-Vol3-A.pdf 2007 ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS (Provinces, Cities and Municipalities) Volume III-A (full text report) Pages 42, 43, 50, & 55
  29. ^ "2008 ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS" (PDF). coa.gov.ph.
  30. ^ "Commission on Audit Financial Report-Bulacan Province". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Audit (COA). Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  31. ^ ""Commission on Audit 2017 Report-Bulacan Province"". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Audit. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  32. ^ "Commission on Audit Financial Report-Bulacan Province". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Adludit (COA). Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  33. ^ ""Commission on Audit 2017 Report-Bulacan"". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Audit. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  34. ^ "Bulacan Local Products (Tatak Bulakenyo)". bulacan.gov.ph. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
  35. ^ "EFFECTIVENESS OF MARKETING STRATEGIES OF TATAK BULAKENYO PROGRAM: AN ANALYSIS" (PDF). Retrieved October 17, 2018.
  36. ^ "DOTr eyes award of Bulacan airport project by year-end or early 2019". Inquirer. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  37. ^ "Proposed Bulacan airport seen to triple tourist arrivals in PH". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  38. ^ "Festival Tourist Attractions". bulacan.gov.ph. Retrieved October 4, 2018.
  39. ^ "Religious Tourist Attractions". bulacan.gov.ph. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  40. ^ "Historical Tourist Attractions". bulacan.gov.ph. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  41. ^ "Heritage Tourist Attractions". bulacan.gov.ph. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  42. ^ "Ecological Tourist Attractions". bulacan.gov.ph. Retrieved November 13, 2018.

External links

2010 Meycauayan local elections

Local elections will be held in Meycauayan City, Bulacan on May 10, 2010 within the Philippine general election. The voters will elect for the elective local posts in the city: the mayor, vice mayor, and ten councilors.

Baliuag, Bulacan

Baliuag, officially the Kaharian ni Aymanerszxc (Tropa ni Papa P Lozada), (Tagalog: Bayan ng Baliuag), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 149,954 people.Baliuag was founded in 1732 by Augustinian friars and was incorporated by the Spanish Governor-General on May 26, 1733. The town was a part of Quingua (now Plaridel) before.

Through the years of Spanish domination, Baliuag was predominantly agricultural. People had to depend on rice farming for main source of livelihood. Orchards and tumanas yielded fruits and vegetables, which were sold in the public market. Commerce and industry also played important contributions to the economy of the people. Buntal hat weaving in Baliuag together with silk weaving popularly known in the world as Thai silk; the manufacturer of cigar cases, piña fibers, petates (mats) and Sillas de Bejucos (cane chairs) all of fine quality became known in many parts of the world. The local market also grew. During the early part of the 19th century Baliuag was already considered one of the most progressive and richest town in Bulacan. The growth of the public market has significantly changed the mode of economy of the town.

Baliuag is the major commerce, transportation, entertainment and educational center of Northern Bulacan. With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now part of Manila's built up area which reaches San Ildefonso in its northernmost part.

Belekoy

Belekoy is a Filipino delicacy that originated from Bulacan, Philippines. This sweet pastry is prepared with flour, sugar, sesame seeds and vanilla.

Bocaue, Bulacan

Bocaue, officially the Municipality of Bocaue, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Bocaue), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 119,675 people.With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the town is now part of the metropolis' built-up area, which reaches San Ildefonso municipality at Bulacan's northernmost part and continues on into Nueva Ecija province. The Bocaue River runs through most of the town.

Among its tourist attractions are a town museum located near the municipality's center and the town's river festival celebrated on the first Sunday of every July. The river festival is in commemoration of the Holy Cross of Wawa, believed to be miraculous by the town's predominating Roman Catholic populace.

Bulacan State University

Bulacan State University (commonly referred to as BulSU or BSU; Filipino: Pamantasang Pampamahalaang Bulacan) is a state university located in City of Malolos, Bulacan in the Philippines.

It was believed to be established in 1904 as an intermediate school by the Americans during their regime. However, historical records show, as borne out by research of Dr. Ray Naguit, it was founded as Bulacan Trade School in 1909 by Governor Sandiko. It was converted into a chartered state university in 1993 by virtue of Republic Act 7665. It has five satellite campuses in Bustos, San Jose del Monte, Bulakan, Hagonoy, and Pulilan, and also runs an academic program in Hong Kong which offers graduate and collegiate degree courses.

The University is mandated to provide higher professional, technical training and promote research, advanced studies, and progressive leadership. It has been identified by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) as one of the Center for Excellence and Development institutions in the country and one of the Training Centers nationwide for teachers pursuing education in areas beyond their specialization.

Bulakan

Bulakan, officially the Municipality of Bulakan, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Bulakan), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 76,565 people.It is 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Manila.

Bulakan, which is one of the oldest towns in the Philippines, became the encomienda or capital of the Provincia de la Pampanga, and later became the first capital of the Province of Bulacan before it was moved to Malolos shortly after the American occupation.

With regards to whether to use the letters "c" or "k" to refer to the municipality of Bulakan, the New Provincial Administrative Code of Bulacan (Ordinance no. C-004) of 2007 states on Chapter 2, Section 15 that the word "Bulakan" stands for the municipality and first capital of the province while "Bulacan" refers to the province itself.The New Manila International Airport is being proposed to be built the coastlines of the municipality with target completion of 2025.

Central Luzon

Central Luzon (Kapampangan: Kalibudtarang Luzon, Pangasinan: Pegley na Luzon, Tagalog: Gitnang Luzon, Ilokano: Tengnga a Luzon), designated as Region III, is an administrative region in the Philippines, primarily serving to organize the 7 provinces of the vast central plains of the island of Luzon (the largest island), for administrative convenience. The region contains the largest plain in the country and produces most of the country's rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Granary of the Philippines". Its provinces are: Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales.

Inipit

Inipit is a Filipino flat pastry made of flour, milk, lard, and sugar. Guiguinto, Bulacan and Malolos are known for their inipit. Philippine snack brand Lemon Square is also known for its first mass-produced Inipit. The name inipit means "pressed in between" or "sandwiched" in Filipino.

Legislative districts of Bulacan

The Legislative Districts of Bulacan, namely the first, second, third and fourth districts, are the current representations of the province of Bulacan in the Philippine House of Representatives.

The province was divided into two representative districts until 1972. Upon its inclusion into the newly organized Metropolitan Manila Area on November 7, 1975 by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, the municipality of Valenzuela was separated from Bulacan and ceased to be part of the province's representation, beginning 1978.

Bulacan was represented in the Interim Batasang Pambansa as part of Region III from 1978 to 1984, and elected four representatives at-large to the Regular Batasang Pambansa in 1984. Effective February 11, 1987, the province was redistricted into four congressional districts under the new Constitution, and elected members to the restored House of Representatives starting that same year.

Although San Jose del Monte City was separated from the province's fourth district to form its own congressional district by virtue of Republic Act No. 9230 approved on December 18, 2003, the city's residents still vote as part of the province's 4th Sangguniang Panlalawigan district for the purpose of electing SP members.Republic Act No. 9591, approved on May 1, 2009, sought to separate the city of Malolos from the first district to form its own congressional district starting in the 2010 elections. Like in the case of San Jose del Monte, the residents of Malolos would have still voted as part of the province's first Sangguniang Panlalawigan district. However, on January 28, 2010, the Supreme Court declared the creation of the Legislative District of Malolos City as unconstitutional, citing that the city's population did not meet the 250,000 count required by the constitution. Malolos remains part of the first district.

Malolos

Malolos, officially the City of Malolos, (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Malolos), or simply known as Malolos City, is a 3rd class city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 252,074 people.It is the capital city of the province of Bulacan as the seat of the provincial government.The city is 45 kilometres (28 mi) north of Manila, the capital city of the Philippines. It is one of the major suburbs conurbated to Metro Manila, situated in the southwestern part of Bulacan, in the Central Luzon Region (Region 3) in the island of Luzon and part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway Super Region.

Malolos was the site of the constitutional convention of 1898, known as the Malolos Convention, that led to the establishment of the First Philippine Republic, at the sanctuary of the Barasoain Church. The convent of the Malolos Cathedral served as the presidential palace at that time. Malolos gave birth to the first constitutional republic in Asia.

Manila Metro Rail Transit System Line 7

The Manila Metro Rail Transit System Line 7, also known as MRT Line 7, or MRT-7, is an under-construction rapid transit line in the Philippines. When completed, the line will be 22.8 kilometers long serviced by 14 stations. The line runs in a northeast-southwest direction, beginning at San Jose del Monte, Bulacan up to the under-construction North Avenue Grand Central station located in North Avenue, Quezon City. The line will traverse Quezon City and Caloocan in Metro Manila, and is envisioned to spur business and commerce at its inter-modal terminal station in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan. According to the latest update, the project is 40.44% complete as of February 28, 2019.The Line 7 project will cost an estimated US$ 1.54 billion or PHP 62.7 billion.

Marilao, Bulacan

Marilao, officially the Municipality of Marilao, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Marilao), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 221,965 people.With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is part of Manila's built-up area which reaches San Ildefonso on its northernmost part. Marilao is 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Manila and 23 kilometres (14 mi) from Malolos City.

Marilao is one of the 21 Philippine municipalities, informally called "League of 21", that have met the requirements for cityhood set by the Constitution and Local Government Code of the Republic of the Philippines and as agreed upon by the League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP).

Meycauayan

Meycauayan, officially the City of Meycauayan, (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Meycauayan), or simply known as Meycauayan City, is a 3rd class city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 209,083 people.The city is located 19 kilometres (12 mi) north of Manila and 26 kilometres (16 mi) south of Malolos City, the provincial capital city. It is bounded by the town of Marilao to the north, the cities of Valenzuela to the south and Caloocan (North) to the east, and the town of Obando to the west. It encompasses an aggregate area of 22.1 square kilometres (8.5 sq mi), representing 1.17% of the total land area of the province of Bulacan.

Obando, Bulacan

Obando, officially the Municipality of Obando, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Obando), is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 59,197 people.It is 16 kilometres (10 mi) away from the Philippine capital Manila and is part of Manila's conurbation which reaches San Ildefonso in its northernmost part.

Pastillas

Pastillas, also known as Pastillas de Leche or Pastiyema is a milk-based confectionery with origins in the town of San Miguel in Bulacan, Philippines. From San Miguel, pastillas-making spread to other Philippine regions such as the provinces of Cagayan and Masbate.Initially, pastillas de leche were primarily home-made by carabao-rearing farmers. A small-scale industry on the food product soon grew, with the pastillas made from either carabao or cow milk or both. Refined sugar and calamondin juice are also added during the pastillas-making process.In San Miguel, Bulacan, a Pastillas Festival has been celebrated every May since 2006. The paper-cut form of the pabalat is also linked to the festival, involving making elaborate paper-cut designs using these wrappers.

San Jose del Monte

San Jose del Monte, officially the City of San Jose del Monte, (Tagalog: Lungsod ng San Jose del Monte), or simply known as San Jose del Monte City, is a 1st class city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 574,089 people, making it the largest local government unit within the province of Bulacan and the 18th most populated city in the Philippines.

Located in the south-east of the province, it is bordered by the cities of Caloocan and Quezon of Metro Manila in the south, by the town of Rodriguez, Rizal in the east, the towns of Santa Maria and Marilao in the west and Norzagaray in the north.

The city is home to some of the biggest resettlement areas in the Philippines like the Sapang Palay resettlement area spread over 36 Barangays, Pabahay 2000 in Barangay Muzon and Towerville in Barangay Minuyan Proper. Most of the city's population come from former informal settlers along the creeks, esteros, riverbanks and railway tracks of Metro Manila.

San Miguel, Bulacan

San Miguel, officially the Municipality of San Miguel, (Tagalog: Bayan ng San Miguel), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 153,882 people.It is the third largest municipality by area in the province after Doña Remedios Trinidad and Norzagaray.

Santa Maria, Bulacan

Santa Maria, (; Tagalog pronunciation: [ˈsɐnta mɐˈɾija]), officially the Municipality of Santa Maria, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Santa Maria), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 256,454 people. representing 7.8% of the population of the province.

Located on the banks of the Santa Maria River, 32 kilometres (19.9 mi) north of Manila, Santa Maria has been a thriving settlement for almost four centuries. It was founded as a barrio of Bocaue in the early 17th century until it was established as an independent municipality on November 26, 1793 by the Spanish friar Francisco Dominguez Javier OFM. Known before as Santa Maria de Pandi (Tagalog pronunciation: [pɐnˈde]), it is named under the patronage of the Immaculate Conception (also known as La Purisima Concepcion). Its administrative center, the Poblacion, forms as the historic core of the municipality. It is surrounded by four rivers and it still largely retains its 2.88 square-kilometer boundaries since the Spanish Colonial Era.

Santa Maria, with a population of 256,454, remains by a significant margin the most populous municipality in Central Luzon, as well as the 5th most populous municipality in the Philippines. Its downtown area, known as the Santa Maria Central Business District, consists of three (3) highly urbanized barangays: Poblacion, Bagbaguin, and Santa Clara. It is one of the biggest and busiest commercial centers in the province as it accounts for more than half of all economic activities in the municipality. It is also one of Bulacan's leading financial centers. According to the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) and the Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation (PDIC), Santa Maria's total bank deposits reached PHP 19.82 billion as of September 2017, this accounts for almost 75% of Eastern Bulacan's total bank deposits. Likewise, Santa Maria is the richest municipality in Bulacan with an assets totaling to PHP 1 billion and revenues reaching an all-time high of PHP 560 million as of the 2016 report from the Commission on Audit (COA). It has a relatively high standard of living, with only 4% of the population living in poverty which is one of the lowest in the country (19 out of 1,489 municipalities).In 2015, Santa Maria with a score of 42.1807 was ranked second among all municipalities in the country in the overall Municipalities Competitiveness Index issued by the National Competitiveness Council of the Philippines.Santa Maria was the home town of José Corazón de Jesús, a Filipino poet popularly known as "Huseng Batute", who started composing his verse as a child. Another native of Santa Maria is Francisco Santiago, a composer who wrote "Nasaan Ka Irog" and other kundiman songs. In the political arena, Santa Maria has produced three Bulacan governors: Jose Serapio (1900-1901), Trinidad Icasiano (1912-1916), Fortunato Halili (1943-1944 and 1946-1951); and two representatives of the second and fourth district: Rogaciano Mercado (1953-1992) and Reylina Nicolas (2001-2010).

Telephone numbers in the Philippines

Telephone numbers in the Philippines follow an open telephone numbering plan and an open dial plan. Both plans are regulated by the National Telecommunications Commission, an attached agency under the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT).

The Philippines is assigned an international dialling code of 63 by ITU-T. Telephone numbers are fixed at seven digits, with area codes fixed at one, two, or three digits (a six-digit system was used until the mid-1990s; four to five digits were used in the countryside). Mobile phone numbers are always 10 digits (three digits for the service provider, plus a seven-digit number).

When making long-distance calls in the Philippines, the prefix 0 for domestic calls and 00 for international calls are used.

Climate data for Bulacan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
31.5
(88.7)
33.1
(91.6)
34.5
(94.1)
34
(93)
32.6
(90.7)
32
(90)
31.2
(88.2)
31.4
(88.5)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
30.5
(86.9)
32.0
(89.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
21.8
(71.2)
22.9
(73.2)
24.1
(75.4)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24.6
(76.3)
24.8
(76.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24
(75)
23.5
(74.3)
22.3
(72.1)
23.7
(74.6)
Average rainy days 5 3 4 5 13 20 22 22 22 17 15 8 156
Source: Storm247[20]
Total Annual Income
Rank Cities Total Income year 2014[30] Total Income year 2017[31]
1 San Jose del Monte City P913,235,378.58 P1,656,795,493.51
2 Meycauayan City P1,040,417,057.25 P1,261,753,000.00
3 Malolos City P728,233,425.91 P1,073,664,634.88
Rank Municipalities Total Income year 2014[32] Total Income year 2017[33]
1 Marilao P492,923,864.65 P691,361,404.62
2 Santa Maria P469,519,504.09 P666,262,372.88
3 Baliuag P355,134,474.37 P491,540,000.00
4 Norzagaray P339,826,359.28 P457,591,188.80
5 Guiguinto P287,155,107.85 P399,459,000.00
6 Pulilan P254,593,126.17 P383,603,000.00
7 San Ildefonso P226,765,458.99 P371,289,000.00
8 San Miguel P235,223,130.45 P347,990,000.00
9 Bocaue P231,525,019.23 P336,319,000.00
10 Plaridel P218,805,468.98 P313,338,000.00
11 San Rafael P178,775,463.41 P274,630,000.00
12 Hagonoy P203,642,317.97 P274,586,000.00
13 Calumpit P200,183,699.45 P273,760,000.00
14 Balagtas P181,458,744.82 P249,167,000.00
15 Pandi P123,422,786.80 P208,845,000.00
16 Doña Remedios Trinidad P149,367,450.83 P206,990,000.00
17 Bulakan P128,183,549.07 P177,234,438.12
18 Angat P123,431,253.48 P170,725,000.00
19 Bustos P117,241,848.39 P167,142,535.59
20 Obando P107,619,189.23 P145,157,000.00
21 Paombong P90,292,081.91 P123,699,191.88
Places adjacent to Bulacan
Province of Bulacan
Municipalities
Component cities
Misc.

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