Arthur Lawrence "Bugs" Raymond (February 24, 1882 – September 7, 1912) was a Major League Baseball pitcher from 1904 to 1911. He played for the Detroit Tigers, St. Louis Cardinals, and New York Giants.
Raymond in 1911
|Born: February 24, 1882|
|Died: September 7, 1912 (aged 30)|
|September 23, 1904, for the Detroit Tigers|
|Last MLB appearance|
|June 16, 1911, for the New York Giants|
|Earned run average||2.49|
|Career highlights and awards|
Raymond was born in Chicago. He started his professional baseball career with the Waterloo Microbes in 1904. After a short stint with the Tigers, Raymond returned to the minors. He developed his spitball sometime in 1906. With the new pitch, he had a big season in 1907, going 35-11 for the South Atlantic League's Charleston Sea Gulls. Raymond pitched a no-hitter that year, as well, and led Charleston to the pennant. The Cardinals purchased him in September, and in 1908, he was the best pitcher on the team. His 2.03 earned run average ranked tenth in the National League, and his 145 strikeouts were fourth-best. During the 1908 season, he gave up fewer hits per game than Christy Mathewson and threw five shutouts, but he was also on the mound eleven times when the Cardinals failed to score.
Raymond was known for his spitball and got his nickname because of his zany antics on the mound. What might have been a promising career was short-circuited by a perpetual addiction to alcohol. The only manager who could keep Raymond in line for any length of time was hard-nosed Giants manager John McGraw. McGraw picked him up in the Roger Bresnahan trade before the 1909 season, and Bugs won 18 games for him that year.
However, Raymond could never stay sober for long. McGraw tried everything – including fining him so there wouldn't be any money left for drinks and hiring a detective to trail Bugs – but nothing worked. In addition, Raymond had a subpar performance on the mound in 1910, going 4-11. He was released midway through the Giants' 1911 pennant-winning season.
In 1912, after a stint with the Cincinnati Pippins of the short-lived United States League, Raymond got into a number of fights in Chicago and ended up badly beaten. He died of a fractured skull a few weeks later at age 30.
1904 was the fourth year for the Detroit Tigers in the American League. The team finished in seventh place with a record of 62–90 (.408), 32 games behind the Boston Americans. They played ten tie games, which is the major-league record. The 1904 Tigers were outscored by their opponents 627 to 505. The team's attendance at Bennett Park was 177,796, seventh out of the eight teams in the AL. In the year before Ty Cobb's arrival, pitcher George Mullin had a higher batting average than any of the team's regulars at .290.1907 St. Louis Cardinals season
The 1907 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 26th season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 16th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 52–101 during the season and finished eighth and last in the eight-team National League.1908 St. Louis Cardinals season
The 1908 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 27th season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 17th season in the National League. The Cardinals had a 49–105 win-loss record during the season and finished 8th (last) in the National League. The season's attendance of 185,377, an average of less than 2,500 a game, which remains the lowest peacetime attendance level since 1901. The Cardinals set a Major League record which stills stands for the fewest base on balls by a team in a season, with 282. Additionally, they hold the MLB record for fewest runs scored in a season with 372, only 2.42 runs per contest.1909 New York Giants season
The 1909 New York Giants season was the franchise's 27th season. The team finished in third place in the National League with a 92–61 record, 18½ games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates.1910 New York Giants season
The 1910 New York Giants season was the franchise's 28th season. The team finished in second place in the National League with a 91-63 record, 13 games behind the Chicago Cubs.
The Giants offense scored the most runs in the NL. Fred Snodgrass had his breakthrough season, finishing fourth in the batting race and also leading the team in on-base percentage and OPS.
Their pitching staff was once again led by Hall of Famer Christy Mathewson, who won a league-best 27 games. His 1.89 earned run average ranked third.1911 New York Giants season
The 1911 New York Giants season was the franchise's 29th season. It involved the Giants winning their first of three consecutive National League pennants. They were beaten by the Philadelphia Athletics in the World Series.
Led by manager John McGraw, the Giants won the NL by 7½ games. On the offensive side, they finished second in total runs scored. On the defensive side, they allowed the fewest. Hall of Famer Christy Mathewson led the league in ERA, and Rube Marquard had the most strikeouts.
Taken together with the 1912 and 1913 pennant winners, this team is considered one of the greatest of all-time.1912 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1912 throughout the world.1937 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting
The 1937 process of selecting inductees to the Baseball Hall of Fame was markedly different from the initial elections the previous year. As only half of the initial goal of 10 inductees had been selected in 1936, members of the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) were once again given authority to select any players active in the 20th century; but the unsuccessful 1936 Veterans Committee election for 19th-century players led to a smaller Centennial Commission choosing a handful of inductees whose contributions were largely as non-players.
In the BBWAA election, voters were again instructed to cast votes for 10 candidates, but were now discouraged from casting votes for active players (though some player-managers whose playing days were largely over, such as Rogers Hornsby, received votes). Any candidate receiving votes on at least 75% of the ballots would be honored with induction to the Hall upon its opening in the sport's supposed centennial year of 1939. Again, individuals who had been barred from baseball were not formally ineligible; Hal Chase received some votes, though Shoeless Joe Jackson did not.Bugs (nickname)
Bugs is a nickname for:
Arthur "Bugs" Baer (1886-1969), American journalist
Bugs Bennett (1892–1957), Major League Baseball pitcher
Bob Bugden (born 1936), Australian former professional rugby league footballer
Bugs Henderson (1943–2012), blues guitarist
Fred Kommers (1886-1943), Major League Baseball outfielder
Bugs Moran (1892–1957), American gangster
Bugs Raymond (1882–1912), Major League Baseball pitcher
Bugs Reisigl (1887–1957), Major League Baseball pitcher
Bugsy Siegel (1906-1947), American mobster also nicknamed "Bugs"
Bill Werle (1920-2010), Major League Baseball pitcherCincinnati Pippins
The Cincinnati Pippins were a franchise in the United States Baseball League based in Cincinnati, Ohio and was owned by New York attorney John J. Ryan. The team and the league lasted just over a month, from May 1 to June 5, 1912. The highest number of games played by any of the eight team league was 26. The USBL originally planned to have a 126-game season.Montrose Cemetery
Montrose Cemetery is located at 5400 North Pulaski Road, in Chicago, Illinois.Montrose Cemetery was founded by Andrew Kircher in 1902. Five years after the Iroquois Theatre fire, Kircher erected a memorial at Montrose Cemetery to memorialize the tragedy.Raymond
Raymond is a male given name. It was borrowed into English from French (older French spellings were Reimund and Raimund, whereas the modern English and French spellings are identical). It originated as the Germanic Raginmund or Reginmund. "Ragin" (Old German) and "regin" (Gothic) meant "counsel." The Old High German "mund" originally meant "hand," but came to mean "protection." This etymology suggests that the name originated in the Early Middle Ages, possibly from Latin.
Despite the German and French origins of the English name, some of its early uses in English documents appear in Latinized form. As a surname, its first recorded appearance in Britain appeared in 1086, during the reign of William the Conqueror, in the Domesday Book, with a reference to Giraldus Reimundus.The most commonly used names for baby boys based on "Ragin" in 2009 were, in descending order, Raymond, Ramiro, Rayner, Rein, Reingard, Reynard, and Reynold. Its many other variants include Raiment, Raimo, Raimond, Raimondi, Raimondo, Raimund, Raimundo, Ramon, Ramón, Ramond, Ramondelli, Ramondenc, Ramondi, Ramondini, Ramondino, Ramondo, Ramondou, Ramonenc, Ramonic, Ramundi, Rayment, Raymonenc, Raymonencq, Raymont, Raymund, Redmond, Redmonds, Reim, Reimund, Reinmund, Rémon, Rémond, Remondeau, Remondon, Rémont, Reymond, Rimondi,Raymond, and Rimondini.Roger Bresnahan
Roger Philip Bresnahan (June 11, 1879 – December 4, 1944), nicknamed "The Duke of Tralee", was an American player and manager in Major League Baseball (MLB). As a player, Bresnahan competed in MLB for the Washington Senators (1897), Chicago Orphans (1900), Baltimore Orioles (1901–02), New York Giants (1902–08), St. Louis Cardinals (1909–12) and Chicago Cubs (1913–15). Bresnahan also managed the Cardinals (1909–12) and Cubs (1915). He was a member of the 1905 World Series champions.
Bresnahan began his MLB career as a pitcher. He also served as an outfielder, before becoming a regular catcher. For his MLB career, Bresnahan had a .279 batting average in 4,480 at bats and a 328–432 managerial win-loss record. Bresnahan popularized the use of protective equipment in baseball by introducing shin guards, to be worn by catchers, in 1907. He also developed the first batting helmet.
After retiring as a player, Bresnahan remained active in professional baseball. He owned the minor league Toledo Mud Hens and coached for the Giants and Detroit Tigers. He was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1945 by the Veterans Committee.San Francisco Giants all-time roster
This is a list of players, both past and present, who appeared at least in one game for the New York Giants or the San Francisco Giants.
Players in Bold are members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
Players in Italics have had their numbers retired by the team.Savannah Indians
The Savannah Pathfinders was the original name of the American minor league baseball franchise that represented Savannah, Georgia, during the 20th century.
While Savannah's minor league teams sported at least ten nicknames during the century, the predominant nickname was the Savannah Indians, which was used for 27 seasons (1906–1912; 1926–1928; 1936–1942; 1946–1954; 1970). The name was not derived from an association with the Cleveland Major League Baseball franchise until 1970, when Savannah served as the MLB Indians' Double-A farm system affiliate. In 1955–1960, 1962, and from 1968–1995, the Savannah team was named after its Major League parent. After 1926, the club played at Grayson Stadium.
For much of their existence, the Indians played in what is now the Double-A Southern League, known before 1964 as the original South Atlantic ("Sally") League. In 1926–1928, they competed in the Southeastern League. The Sally League franchise was founded as the Pathfinders in 1904 and dubbed the Colts from 1913–1915. From 1971–1983, Savannah's Southern League team was called the Savannah Braves, reflecting its link to the Atlanta Braves' organization. When this franchise relocated to Greenville in 1984, it was replaced by the Savannah Cardinals of the contemporary Single-A South Atlantic League; the Savannah team, known as the Savannah Sand Gnats since 1996, moved to Columbia, South Carolina in 2016, and was in turn replaced by a new, independent franchise, the Savannah Bananas.
Between 1904 and 1970, Savannah won seven Sally League championships.Spencer Tracy filmography
Spencer Tracy (1900–1967) was an American actor. His film career began in 1930, with Up the River, and ended in 1967 with Guess Who's Coming to Dinner. Within this 37-year career, Tracy starred in 75 feature films and several short films.The Kid's Clever
The Kid's Clever is a 1929 American comedy film directed by William James Craft and written by Jack Foley, Ernest Pagano and Albert DeMond. The film stars Glenn Tryon, Kathryn Crawford, Russell Simpson, Lloyd Whitlock, George Chandler and Joan Standing. The film was released on February 17, 1929, by Universal Pictures.Waterloo Hawks (baseball)
The Waterloo Hawks was the primary name of the minor league franchise that existed on-and-off for 79 seasons between 1895 and 1993 in Waterloo, Iowa. The franchise relocated to Springfield, Illinois in 1994, before eventually becoming today's Lansing Lugnuts of the Midwest League. Waterloo won 12 league championships, playing in the Mississippi Valley League (1922-1932), Western League (1936), Illinois-Iowa-Indiana League (1940-1942) and the Midwest League (1958-1993). The Hawks were affiliated with the Chicago White Sox (1932, 1940-1942), Boston Red Sox (1958 to 1968), Kansas City Royals (1969-1976), Cleveland Indians (1977-1988) and San Diego Padres (1990-1993). Baseball Hall of Fame Inductees Carlton Fisk and Luis Aparicio played for Waterloo.