Budgam district

Budgam District is a district of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. Created in 1979 with its headquarters at Budgam, it is the second district in Kashmir valley after Kargil where Shia population is found in large numbers.[1]

Budgam District
Location map for Budgam District in Jammu & Kashmir state
Location map for Budgam District in Jammu & Kashmir state
Budgam District is located in India
Budgam District
Budgam District
Location of the district headquarters in India
Coordinates: 34°1′12″N 74°46′48″E / 34.02000°N 74.78000°ECoordinates: 34°1′12″N 74°46′48″E / 34.02000°N 74.78000°E
Country India
State Jammu and Kashmir
Established1979
Founded byAga Syed Yousuf
HeadquartersBudgam
Government
 • TypeDemocracy
Area
 • Total1,370 km2 (530 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total735,753
 • Density537/km2 (1,390/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu Kashmiri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK04
Sex ratio1.13250283 /
Literacy57.98%
VillagesKhansahib, Parnewa, Beerwah, Chadoora, Wahabpora
Websitebudgam.nic.in

Administration

Doodhpathri pastures Jammu Kasmir India May 2014
Doodhpathri pastures in Budgam district

Budgam district is the closest district to capital Srinagar (11 km). Budgam district came into existence in 1979, prior to which it was part of Srinagar district. In former times, Budgam was a part of Baramulla district, when Srinagar itself was a constituent of the Anantnag district. It was then known as tehsil Sri Pratap. Historical records suggests that Budgam was also referred to as Pargana Deesu. According to the well-known chronicler Khawaja Azam Demari, the area was also known as Deedmarbag. Budgam District borders the districts of Baramullah and Srinagar in the north, Pulwama in the south and Poonch in the south west. It consists of eight blocks: Beerwah, Magam Budgam, B.K.Pora, Khan Sahib, Khag, Narbal and Chadoora.[2] Each block consists of a number of panchayats.The district is subdivided into the seven tehsils of Charari Sharief Tehsil, Magam tehsil, Beerwah Tehsil, Budgam Tehsil, Chadoora Tehsil, and Khansahib Tehsil, Khag Tehsil.[3]

Demography

According to the 2011 census Badgam district has a population of 735,753,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Guyana[5] or the US state of Alaska,[6] making it 494th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 537 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,390/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.18%.[4] Badgam has a sex ratio of 883 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 57.98%.,[4] an increase from 39.54% in 2001. This is attributed to educational institutions in the district. There are 98 schools in Budgam, both private and public, 33 of which are Higher Secondary Schools. Budgam has one government degree college, near Paller Village.Budgam is of one of backward districts in kashmir till date because some political issues.Budgam is district is also known to its great Muslim preachers as:Baba-Hanif-Ud-Din, locally the graveyard is known as "Baba sabin Ziyarath" which is situated at the most beautiful mountain which ends up in Rathsun, a small cute village.The people of Rathsun are very kind, as from the old times.Magam is one of the main town in budgam right now, because it is approximately at centre of the district budgam. Ompora, charar Sharif, kralpora and soibugh are highly populated localities of Budgam district. Magam, Ichgam, Iskandarpora, Wahabpora villages of Budgam district are the biggest villages with Shia population.

Attractions

Doodhpathri southwest Jammu Kashmir India (8)
Valley in Budgam district

Budgam contains the only airport in Kashmir valley. The district's main tourist attractions are Doodhpathri, Yusmarg, Tosamaidan, Nilnag, Khag Mt Tatakuti, and Pehjan.District Budgam offers many stunning locales and has tremendous tourism potential that has largely remained untapped so far. The attractive places that can be visited are Doodpather, Yousmarg, Tosmaidan, Nilnag and Khag. Kani shawl adomed the caesar's court and was looked upon by Mughals and later by Nawabs as mark of nobility. In 1776 Napoleon presented a Kani shawl to his wife Josephine and with that took off a new fashion trend in Europe The revered shrine of Sheikh Noor-ud-din Wali can also be found in the Charari Sharief Tehsil of Budgam district.Worlds biggest chinar is in District Budam (Chatergam). The Budgam railway station is located in Ompora town nearly 2.5 km from district headquarters and 9 km from city centre Lalchowk. It is the biggest railway station in Kashmir division. This railway station has administrative head controlling the rail service in Kashmir valley.Outside railway station Ompora (Budgam) there is a big hospital which is Budgam district's first private hospital.

Notable people

  • Sheikh ul Aalam of chrar sharief who spread Islam in valley.
  • Syed Ali Aalibalkhi of pakharpora.
  • A ziarat of drygam
  • Mir shams ud din Iraqi (r.a). Shrine located in the vicinity of chadora
  • Syed saaleh of khansahab.

References

  1. ^ "Are Kashmiri Shias The Next Pandits?". 14 November 2013.
  2. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts Archived 10 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  3. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 2008-10-22. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Guyana 744,768
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Alaska 710,231

External links

1997 Sangrampora massacre

1997 Sangrampora massacre was the killing of seven Kashmiri Pandit Hindu villagers in Sangrampora village of Budgam district of Jammu and Kashmir on 21 March 1997 by Islamic militants.

Beerwah, Jammu and Kashmir

Beerwah is a Sub-District in Central Kashmir. It is one of the oldest tehsils with one of the largest constituency, towns, and municipal areas in the Budgam district of the Indian Jammu and Kashmir. Beerwah is known as "The Gateway of Doodhpathri".

The name Beerwah has been derived from a Sanskrit word "Behroop" which means land of springs.This is due to the abundance of natural springs in the area.Beerwah has seven springs in the town area.

Beerwah is 36 km away from the summer capital Srinagar via Magam, 33 km via Budgam & 27 km via Soibugh. Beerwah Subdistrict has 4 tehsils namely Beerwah, Magam, Narbal, and Khag.

Beerwah is the major route to breath-taking snow resort of Doodhpathri.Doodhpathri lies 19 km away from Beerwah via Arizal.

Beerwah is famous for its beautiful topography.

Budgam

Budgam is a town and a notified area committee in Budgam district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India.

Budgam railway station

Budgam Railway Station is a station on Northern Railway Network of Indian Railways. This station is the headquarter of Jammu–Baramulla line network. It is located in ompora town of Budgam district nearly 2.5 km from main town Budgam.

Chadoora

Chadoora is a town and a Municipal committee in Budgam district in India's northernmost state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Charari Sharief

Charari Sharief (Urdu;چرار شریف‬) (variously spelled Chrar-e-Sharif, Charar i Shareef, etc.) is a town and a notified area committee in Budgam district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India.

The town was given the status of block in January 2014. The town is divided into 10 wards. Each ward has a municipal councillor.

The famous mohallas of Charar-i-Sharief are: Talab-e-Kalan or Bada Talab, Trajibal, Court Road, Gulshanabad, Nowhar, Baghi Noor U Din Nowhar, Jabl-e-Noor, Wazabagh, Alamdar colony, Zaloosa and Kumar Mohalla.

Charar-i-Sharief is considered one of the most sacrosanct Muslim shrines in Kashmir. It is situated approximately 28 km from Srinagar, en route to Yusmarg. The Shrine of Charar-i-Sharief is approximately 600 years old. It is popularly known as the "Sheikh Noor-ud-Din Wali".

Iskander Pora, Jammu and Kashmir

Iskander Pora is a village in district Budgam, tehsil Beerwah of Jammu and Kashmir State. It is located about 29 km towards West from district headquarters Budgam and about 34 km towards West from State capital Sinagar.

Kanihama

Kanihama, formerly known as Gund Kawarhama, is a village situated on the Srinagar-Gulmarg Road in the Budgam district of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kani Shawls produced in the area were given a Geographical indication status by the Jammu and Kashmir government to keep shawls made elsewhere from being sold as Kani shawls.

Khan Sahib, Jammu and Kashmir

Khan Sahib is a town and a notified area committee in Badgam district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Magam

Magam is a town located in the district Budgam in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is an administrative Tehsil, and is known because of its presence on Gulmarg Highway. It is 11 kilometres from sub-district headquarters Beerwah and 20 kilometres away from Srinagar, the state's summer capital. The Idara Abu Fazal Abbas Islamic Library, opened in Magam in 1985, is the largest Islamic private library in Jammu and Kashmir. It has an average elevation of 1569 meters (5147 feet).

Mazhom

Mazhom is a village located in district Budgam of Jammu and Kashmir. It has got a railway station Mazhom railway station, which along with being in proximity(3 km) with Magam, the biggest financial hub of the district, has a crucial role in the economy communication in the area.

Also there is railway flyover there on gulmarag road.

Mazhom village is next to kawoosa khalisa

Mazhom railway station

Mazhom railway station, also known as Mazhama railway station, lies on Northern Railway Network Zone of Indian Railways. It is situated 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Srinagar on Gulmarg Road. It is the major railway stations in Budgam district. The station connects Magam Town ((2 km away from station)) with rest of the parts of state. The station comes under Firozpur division of Indian railways and has an average elevation of 1,581 meters (5,187 ft) above mean sea level.

Ompora

Ompora is a municipality area of distric Budgam. It is 9km from the city centre, Lal Chowk. It is located on the Srinagar-Budgam road, roughly 3km from Airport road. It is highly populated area of Budgam district. Ompora is the Sunni area of Budgam town. It is just 2.5km from district headquarter, Budgam. The adjoining villages around Ompora town are narkara, bathara, Sheikhpura, wadipora, reshipora, bemina, sepdan.

The Budgam railway station is in the northeastern part of Ompora. It is the biggest railway station in the Kashmir division.

In the southwest of Ompora, karewas are present. On these karewas, one housing colony has been established where many bureaucrats live.Ompora is known for its soil quality throughout the valley.

Ompora has also one big ground or Eidgah present.

Ompora has one boys high school, one girls high school and one middle school for boys and girls.

Spring Buds high school of Ompora is one of the leading private school of budgam.

The mohallas of Ompora are: Parray angan, Osman Abad,Khar mohalla, kharpora, bazar mohalla, dhobi mohalla,Muqhdam Mohalla,Railway colony, puj mohalla, Wani mohalla, pazalpora, Sayed Abad,Housing colony,Chinar colony, poshbagh, kalliwani angan.

Ompora has presence of two ziyarat (Asthan).

There is also a large mosque known as khulfa-i-raashideen mosque, named after the four rightly guided Caliphs of Mohammed 1. Abubakar, 2. Umar, 3. Usman, 4 Ali.

One Ahl hadith mosque is also present where jumah khutba is regularly given by Parvaiz salafi Sahab.

Ompora has one sub distric hospital where doctors are available for 24 hours.

A big chunk of land has been acquired by state government to establish an industrial estate,National institute of Fashion technology( NiFT) and a hospital for labour's at Ompora.District police lines Budgam is also situated at Ompora.

A private hospital named as Ibn-Sina hospital is located closer to the Budgam railway station. This hospital is the first private hospital of the district. It is equipped with modern facilities of healthcare.

This area has been hot bed of clashes during the previous summer unrests in Kashmir. Most of the injuries in the Budgam district during 2016 insurgency has been reported from this area. This town is one of the most volatile zones of Kashmir in case of stone pelting, protests.The people of ompora are very passionate about football but there is no ground in the area. Warsi football club is the most famous football team of ompora. Ompora is also famous for its hospitality.

Pethmakhama, Budgam

Pethmakhama is a village in Budgam district, in the Indian administrative state of Jammu and Kashmir. It falls under the administrative division of Tehsil Magam.

Rathsoon

Rathsoon or Rathsun is one of the village and block in the Beerwah tehsil of the Budgam district in Jammu and Kashmir, India. The village population is over 7,500, being one of the largest in tehsil Beerwah. Rathsoon has a shrine of one Sufi Saint Baba Hanifuddin Reshi (Baab Sab), located on the hill top known as Daraish. The neighboring village is Ohangam Beerwah. The village is 27 km away from Srinagar. The nearest town is Magam, 4.5 km away.

Srinagar (Lok Sabha constituency)

Srinagar Lok Sabha constituency is one of the six Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Jammu and Kashmir state in northern India.

Srinagar Metro

The Srinagar Metro is a rapid transit proposed for the city of Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The proposed system consists of 2 corridors span from Gallandar in Pulwama district to Narbal Chowk in Budgam district and another from Nowgam Railway Station to Ganderbal . and the plan is scrapped now. No construction is expected

Wahabpora

Wahabpora ( Urduوہاب پورہ, Kashmiri واہ پور) is a village of Budgam District, Jammu & Kashmir, India situated at the bank of Aihaji River (Bada Ara/Gam kuel). Wahabpora is about 10 km away from the district headquarters Budgam and 21 km from Srinagar the summer capital city of Jammu and Kashmir. It is towards North located at 34.057°N 74.660°E / 34.057; 74.660. The village Wahabpora consists of about six mohallahs those are as: Peer Mohallah (Mosviabad), Taingapora, Watipora, Ganaiepora, New Colony and Chinar colony.

It is necessary to describe that Chinar colony was a part of Mosviabad and Al-Mehdi Chowk is the famous region of Chinar colony is the colony which is the central part of the village where are five big chinars about the age five hundred years old. The brother in law of Mughal King Jahangir and that time Governor of Kashmir Asif Khan had planted these five chinars. Chinar Garden of Wahabpora is also known as Asif Ali Bagh. Gariend Kallan is the neighbouring village to Wahabpora.

The population of Wahabpora is about 14,000. The area of the village is about 6 km2 which is the total area of the village captured by residential land, deep wet land (Nambal / daldal), Agricultural land and dry high land (Wuder) etc. It contains 600 hectares (1500 acres) of total land. It has an average elevation of 1610 meters (5280 feet).This village consists of many sects of Islam like as Shias, Sunnis and Noorbakshia Islam . Literacy rate of this village is 91.90%.

Yusmarg

Yusmarg or Yousmarg ( meaning 'Meadow of Jesus') is a hill station in the western part of Kashmir Valley in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated 47 km south of Srinagar the capital of the state.

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