Claude Henry K. "Buddy" Young (January 5, 1926 – September 5, 1983) was an American football player and track and field athlete. A native of Chicago, he was Illinois state champ in the 100-yard dash. The 5'4" Young, also known as the "Bronze Bullet", had exceptional quickness and acceleration. He is one of the shortest men ever to play in the National Football League (NFL). As a track star at the University of Illinois, he won the National Collegiate Championships in the 100 and 220-yard dash, tied the world record for the 45 and 60-yard dashes (6.1 in the latter event), and was the Amateur Athletic Union's 100-meter champion.
Young with the Colts
|Born:||January 5, 1926|
|Died:||September 1, 1983 (aged 57)|
|Height||5 ft 4 in (163 cm)|
|Weight||175 lb (79 kg)|
|1947–1949||New York Yankees (AAFC)|
|1950–1951||New York Yanks|
|Awards||Baltimore Colts #22 retired|
|Honors||Pro Bowl (1954)|
Young was as impressive on the gridiron as on the track. He received scholarship offers from several schools, including the University of Michigan, Drake University, Marquette University and the University of Illinois. He chose Illinois and established himself as a star immediately. In his first game for the Illini, he scampered 64 yards for a touchdown on the first play from scrimmage. On his second carry, he ran for a 30-yard touchdown. In all, in his debut he gained 139 yards on 7 carries, an average of 19.7 yards. Before the season concluded, he scored 10 touchdowns equaling the Big Ten Conference record established by the immortal Red Grange in 1924.
These unusual early successes brought the freshman running back national attention. "Not since the days when Red Grange was ripping up the sod...for Bob Zuppke and the Illini has there been so much pigskin excitement on the University of Illinois Campus." Sportscaster Bill Stern called him "The fastest thing in cleats and the runner of the year." Ray Eliot, Young's coach, referred to him as "The best running back I have ever seen." Only a freshman, Young was named to several All-America teams.
Football, like other aspects of American life, had to endure wartime hardships. Manpower difficulties forced NFL teams to reduce their rosters from 33 to 25. Some colleges ended football programs for the duration. And most college players had their education and playing days interrupted by wartime commitments. Young was no different. In late January 1945, Young was drafted by the Navy. Initially he reported to the Great Lakes Naval Training Station, but was eventually transferred to the naval base at Fleet City, California. Like many star athletes, Young played football for a service team. Coast service teams, one writer claimed, "unquestionably played the toughest football extant during the war. The personnel of the league were 30 percent All-American, 30 percent professional and 40 percent better than the average college squad."
In mid-December, the top two coast service teams met for the championship. In an earlier contest the Bluejackets, Buddy's team, had prevailed 7-0. The championship game was played in Los Angeles at Memorial Stadium before 65,000 fans. It was one of Buddy Young's greatest games. After a scoreless first quarter, Young returned a kickoff for a 94-yard touchdown, he ran back another kickoff for an 88-yard touchdown, and took a hand-off from O'Rourke and scampered 30 yards for a third. The Bluejackets won the game 45-28 to complete an unbeaten season. They challenged the unbeaten West Point team, but the cadets refused the invitation.
Young's performance won accolades from players, coaches, writers, and fans. Charlie O'Rourke still talks excitedly about the game and Young's ability. An opponent stated that he had "never seen his equal" and Aldo Forte remarked: "I've seen the greatest in pro football. None can compare with Young." El Toro coach Dick Hanley, who had coached Northwestern, called Young "the greatest college back I've ever seen." Bluejackets Coach Bill Reinhart declared that he had "never seen anything like Buddy Young." Sports columnist Slip Madigan also considered Young superior to Blanchard and Davis. And comedian Bob Hope observed: "I'd heard of black magic...now I've seen it!"
Rumors circulated that once Young fulfilled his service obligation he would be drafted by the NFL or lured to the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) to play for the Bruins. Neither proved true. Young returned to the University of Illinois and helped the Illini in the 1947 Rose Bowl, where he was named Co-Player of the Game, after Illinois hammered UCLA, 45–14.
World War II proved a major boon to sports integration. Not only did the war promote the ideals of democracy and fair play, it also gave blacks a chance to showcase their talents on college, semi-professional and service teams. In football, three of the most talented minority athletes during the war years were Bill Willis, Marion Motley and Young. Buddy was one of the first black men to play pro football; he played on teams where he was typically one of two or three black players, and undoubtedly he had his rough spots, but his warm, bubbling personality carried him through, and made him immensely popular.
Young played ten years in pro football. In 1947, he was drafted by the New York Yankees of the All-America Football Conference. In 1950, Young, along with many of the other Yankee players, joined the New York Yanks of the National Football League when the AAFC folded.
The Yanks moved to Dallas after the 1951 NFL season and Young played for the Texans in that city. The team moved again after the 1952 season, this time becoming the Baltimore Colts, and Young played for that team. Young retired from football after the 1955 season.
Young was a threat at several positions: five times in his professional career, he eclipsed 1,000 all purpose yards, and in 1954, he was selected to the NFL Pro Bowl team. Over his nine-year professional career, NFL and AAFL, Young averaged 4.6 yards per carry as a running back, over 15 yards per reception as a receiver, and almost 28 yards per kickoff return, peaking at a remarkable 34.4 yards per return for the Colts in 1953. In a 1953 game against the Philadelphia Eagles, Young returned the opening kickoff 104 yards for a touchdown; at the time, this was the second longest kickoff return in NFL history.
Young was the first Colt to have his number retired and, in 1966, the first African-American executive hired by the NFL. At his death in 1983 in a car accident, he was 56 years old, lived in Hartsdale, New York and was Director of Player Relations for the NFL.
The 1944 All-Big Nine Conference football team consists of American football players selected to the All-Big Nine Conference teams selected by the Associated Press (AP) and United Press (UP) for the 1944 Big Ten Conference football season.1944 Big Ten Conference football season
The 1944 Big Ten Conference football season was the 49th season of college football played by the member schools of the Big Ten Conference (also known as the Western Conference) and was a part of the 1944 college football season.
The 1944 Ohio State Buckeyes football team, under head coach Carroll Widdoes, compiled a perfect 9–0 record, won the Big Ten championship, led the conference in scoring offense (31.9 points per game), and was ranked No. 2 in the final AP Poll. The team was retroactively selected as a national champion by the National Championship Foundation. Quarterback Les Horvath was a consensus first-team pick for the 1944 College Football All-America Team and received the Chicago Tribune Silver Football trophy as the most valuable player in the Big Ten and . End Jack Dugger and center John Tavener were also consensus first-team All-Americans.
Michigan, under head coach Fritz Crisler, compiled an 8–2 record, finished in second place in the conference, and was ranked No. 8 in the final AP Poll. Fullback Don Lund received the team's most valuable player award.
Indiana, under head coach Bo McMillin, compiled a 7–3 record and led the conference in scoring defense (7.9 points per game). Center John Tavener was a consensus first-team All-American and received Indiana's most valuable player award.1944 Illinois Fighting Illini football team
The 1944 Illinois Fighting Illini football team was an American football team that represented the University of Illinois during the 1944 Big Ten Conference football season. In their third year under head coach Ray Eliot, the Illini compiled a 5–3–1 record, were ranked #15 in the final AP Poll, and finished in sixth place in the Big Ten Conference. The team lost three games to teams ranked in the top 10 in the AP Poll: #9-ranked Notre Dame (7–13); #8-ranked Michigan (0–14); and #2-ranked Ohio State (12–26). Halfback Buddy Young was selected as the team's most valuable player.1947 Rose Bowl
The 1947 Rose Bowl was a college football bowl game. It was the 33rd Rose Bowl Game. The Illinois Fighting Illini defeated the UCLA Bruins, 45–14. Illinois halfbacks Buddy Young and Jules Rykovich shared the Rose Bowl Player Of The Game award. They were named the Rose Bowl Players Of The Game when the award was created in 1953 and selections were made retroactively. It was the first Rose Bowl game that featured teams from the Pacific Coast Conference and the Big Nine Conference by the terms of an exclusive five-year agreement. It is known as the first "modern" Rose Bowl, and the modern Rose Bowl records date back to this game. This exclusive agreement remained in place until the 1999 Rose Bowl when the Rose Bowl became part of the Bowl Championship Series, with the exception of the games from 1960 onward following the collapse of the PCC and prior to the renegotiation with the newly formed Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU), highlighted by the 1962 Rose Bowl where Big Ten champion Ohio State declined the invitation.1969 Motor State 500
The 1969 Motor State 500 was a NASCAR Grand National Series (now Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series) event that was held on June 15, 1969, at Michigan International Speedway in Brooklyn, Michigan. Highlights from this event were featured on the classic television show Car and Track; hosted by famous race commentator Bud Lindemann.
During this era, Michigan International Speedway was a Mercury-dominated track. It was also a track that suited a smooth driver or a driver that could change his driving tactics for Michigan International Speedway.1969 Volunteer 500
The 1969 Volunteer 500 was a NASCAR Grand National Series (now Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series) event that was held on July 20, 1969, at Bristol International Speedway in Bristol, Tennessee; which was rebuilt with more banking for this race.
The transition to purpose-built racecars began in the early 1960s and occurred gradually over that decade. Changes made to the sport by the late 1960s brought an end to the "strictly stock" vehicles of the 1950s; most of the cars were trailered to events or hauled in by trucks.1969 World 600
The 1969 World 600, the 10th running of the event, was a NASCAR Grand National Series event that took place on May 25, 1969, at Charlotte Motor Speedway in Concord, North Carolina.1970 NASCAR Grand National Series
The 1970 NASCAR Grand National Series season began on Sunday January 18 and ended on Sunday November 22. Bobby Isaac was the champion of the series as NASCAR transitioned from the Grand National era to the Winston Cup era. Only one foreigner was racing that year, a Canadian named Frog Fagan (who finished 96th in the championship standings). It was also the last NASCAR national touring series season to feature a dirt track race until the 2013 NASCAR Camping World Truck Series.Bill Sargent
William Hilton Sargent (February 25, 1907 – March 18, 1963) was an American college, high school, and professional football coach. He served as the head coach at Loyola Marymount University from 1947 to 1948. Sargent also coached the Los Angeles Bulldogs and Hollywood Rangers, professional teams that played in California-based leagues. He led those clubs to capture the Pacific Coast Professional Football League and the American Football League championships, respectively.Illinois Fighting Illini football
The Illinois Fighting Illini football program represents the University of Illinois in college football at the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (formerly Division I-A) level. Illinois has five national championships and 15 Big Ten championships.Insult comedy
Insult comedy is a comedy genre in which the act consists mainly of offensive insults directed at the performer's audience or other performers.Typical targets for insult include individuals in the show's audience, the town hosting the performance, or the subject of a roast. An insult comedian often maintains a competitive and interactive relationship with his or her audience. The style has been described as "festive abuse".
The style can be distinguished from an act based on satire, or political humor. Insult comedy is often used to deflect or silence hecklers even when the rest of the show is not focused around it.Jin Ji-hee
Jin Ji-hee (born March 25, 1999) is a South Korean actress.Jules Rykovich
Julius Alphonsus Rykovich (April 6, 1923 – December 23, 1974) was an American football halfback, kickoff returner, and defensive back in the National Football League (NFL) for the Washington Redskins and the Chicago Bears. Rykovich also played in the All-America Football Conference (AAFC) for the Buffalo Bills and the Chicago Rockets. He played college football at the University of Illinois and the University of Notre Dame and was drafted in the second round of the 1947 NFL Draft. He was co-MVP alongside Buddy Young in the 1947 Rose Bowl for Illinois, and was inducted into the Rose Bowl Hall of Fame in 1993.List of National Football League annual kickoff return yards leaders
This is a list of National Football League kickoff returners who have led the regular season in kickoff return yards each year.Mr. Saturday Night
Mr. Saturday Night is a 1992 American comedy-drama film that marks the directorial debut of its star, Billy Crystal.
It focuses on the rise and fall of Buddy Young Jr., a stand-up comedian. Crystal produced and co-wrote the screenplay with the writing duo Babaloo Mandel and Lowell Ganz. It was filmed from November 1991 to March 1992 and released on September 23, 1992, by Columbia Pictures. Co-star David Paymer received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor.New York Yanks
The New York Yanks were an American football team that played in the National Football League under that name in the 1950 and 1951 seasons.
The team began as the Boston Yanks, owned by Kate Smith's manager, Ted Collins. He wanted a team in New York City, but had to be content with one in Boston after the New York Giants refused to let his new team share the New York area. In 1949, however, Collins, suspecting that the All-America Football Conference was on its last legs, got permission to move to New York. Rather than a formal relocation, however, Collins asked the NFL to fold his Boston franchise and grant him a new one for New York—most likely as a tax write-off. This new team played as the New York Bulldogs and shared the Polo Grounds with the Giants during the 1949 season.
In 1950, Collins changed his franchise's name to the New York Yanks and moved to Yankee Stadium. For all intents and purposes, however, this was an almost entirely new team. Only four players from the 1949 Bulldogs (Joe Domnanovich, Joe Golding, John Nolan and John Rauch) played for the Yanks in 1950. In contrast, there were 18 players from the New York Yankees of the AAFC (Bruce Alford, George Brown, Brad Ecklund, Don Garza, Sherman Howard, Duke Iverson, Harvey Johnson, Bob Kennedy, Lou Kusseow, Pete Layden, Paul Mitchell, Barney Poole, Martin Ruby, Jack Russell, Ed Sharkey, Joe Signaigo, John Wozniak and Buddy Young). Collins acquired them as a part of a deal in which he bought the rights to most of the Yankees players. The Yanks finished the 1950 NFL season with a winning record. However, the team recorded a single victory in 1951.
The franchise was reported to have been "sold back" to the league following the 1951 season, but it is more likely the franchise was revoked by the league and canceled by the NFL. Shortly afterward, a group of Dallas businessmen bought the Yanks' roster and player contracts—though it was ostensibly a "new" franchise—and moved them to Dallas as the Dallas Texans. That franchise, in turn, failed after only one season, and the remains were awarded to a Baltimore-based group that used it to start the Baltimore Colts. However, the NFL does not consider the Colts (now based in Indianapolis) to be a continuation of the franchise once known as the New York Yanks.Recurring Saturday Night Live characters and sketches introduced 1984–1985
The following is a list of recurring Saturday Night Live characters and sketches introduced between October 6, 1984, and April 13, 1985, the tenth season of SNL.Saturday Night Live characters appearing on Weekend Update
Weekend Update has been a platform for Saturday Night Live characters to grow and gain popularity ever since Gilda Radner used it to create Emily Litella and Roseanne Roseannadanna. Many cast members have used Update as the primary vehicle for a certain character. Don Novello was featured almost exclusively on the news segment as his breakout character, Father Guido Sarducci, and Tim Kazurinsky, in the face of Eddie Murphy's overshadowing popularity, created characters almost exclusively for Update. Before becoming an anchor on Update, Colin Quinn used the segment as his main sounding board as well.
Significant characters who appeared chiefly on Weekend Update are listed here in chronological order of their first appearance.
Emily Litella (Gilda Radner) – November 15, 1975
Roseanne Roseannadanna (Gilda Radner) – January 21, 1978 (first overall appearance was in a fake commercial called "Hire the Incompetent" which aired on the season 3 episode hosted by Charles Grodin)
Lester Crackfield (Al Franken) – February 18, 1978
Father Guido Sarducci (Don Novello) – May 13, 1978
Chico Escuela (Garrett Morris) – November 11, 1978
Big Vic Ricker (Harry Shearer) – January 26, 1980
Dr. Jack Badofsky (Tim Kazurinsky) – March 20, 1982
Siobhan Cahill (Mary Gross) – January 22, 1983
Dwight MacNamara (Gary Kroeger) – November 12, 1983
Worthington Clotman (Tim Kazurinsky) – January 28, 1984
Wayne Huevos (Tim Kazurinsky) – February 18, 1984
Lew Goldman (Billy Crystal) – October 13, 1984
Buddy Young, Jr. (Billy Crystal) – October 20, 1984
Nathan Thurm (Martin Short) – November 17, 1984
Tommy Flanagan, the Pathological Liar (Jon Lovitz) – November 16, 1985
Babette (Nora Dunn) – April 19, 1986
Mr. Subliminal (Kevin Nealon) – October 11, 1986
A Grumpy Old Man (Dana Carvey) – February 11, 1989
Annoying Man (Jon Lovitz) – November 11, 1989
Queen Shenequa (Ellen Cleghorne) – October 26, 1991
Jan Brady (Melanie Hutsell) – January 11, 1992
Cajun Man (Adam Sandler) – February 8, 1992
Buster Jenkins (Chris Rock) – February 15, 1992
Opera Man (Adam Sandler) – April 18, 1992
Hank Fielding (Robert Smigel) – November 14, 1992
Bennett Brauer (Chris Farley) – April 10, 1993
The British Fops (Mark McKinney, David Koechner) – November 11, 1995
Joe Blow (Colin Quinn) – November 18, 1995
Gary Macdonald (David Koechner) – December 2, 1995
Lenny The Lion (Colin Quinn) – December 9, 1995
Cinder Calhoun (Ana Gasteyer) – November 23, 1996
Dominican Lou (Tracy Morgan) – March 22, 1997
Gunner Olsen (Jim Breuer) – March 7, 1998
Jacob Silj (Will Ferrell) – December 4, 1999
Jasper Hahn (Horatio Sanz) – January 8, 2000
Jeannie Darcy (Molly Shannon) – November 18, 2000
Gay Hitler (Chris Kattan) – October 13, 2001
Drunk Girl (Jeff Richards) – December 8, 2001
Fericito (Fred Armisen) – October 5, 2002
Tim Calhoun (Will Forte) – October 19, 2002
The Kelly Brothers (Fred Armisen, Will Forte) – February 8, 2003
Billy Smith (Fred Armisen) – October 18, 2003
Jorge Rodriguez (Horatio Sanz) – May 1, 2004
Jon Bovi (Will Forte, Jason Sudeikis) – October 7, 2006
Two Gay Guys from Jersey (Fred Armisen, Bill Hader) – October 28, 2006
Aunt Linda (Kristen Wiig) – December 2, 2006
Nicholas Fehn (Fred Armisen) – October 13, 2007
Roger A. Trevanti (Fred Armisen) – November 3, 2007 (was a one-shot character that gained a following on YouTube videos during the 2007–2008 Writers' Guild of America strike)
Judy Grimes (Kristen Wiig) – April 12, 2008
Jean K. Jean (Kenan Thompson) – March 8, 2008
Garth and Kat (Fred Armisen, Kristen Wiig) – December 19, 2009
Stefon (Bill Hader) – April 24, 2010 (first overall appearance was in a one-shot sketch on the season 34 episode hosted by Ben Affleck)
Anthony Crispino (Bobby Moynihan) – October 2, 2010
Drunk Uncle (Bobby Moynihan)
Best Friends from Growing Up (Fred Armisen and Vanessa Bayer)
The Girl You Wish You Never Started a Conversation With (Cecily Strong)
One-Dimensional Female Character In a Male-Driven Comedy (Cecily Strong)Wendell Phillips Academy High School
Wendell Phillips Academy High School is a public 4–year high school located in the Bronzeville neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. Phillips is part of the Chicago Public Schools district and is managed by the Academy for Urban School Leadership. It is named for the noted American abolitionist Wendell Phillips. It was the first predominantly African-American high school in Chicago. The school opened in 1904. In 2010, Phillips became a turnaround school in an effort to lower the school's one–year dropout rate of 66.8 percent. The school received the Spotlight on Technology award from the Chicago Public Schools leadership technology summit in 2013. The school's attendance boundary includes areas of the South Side, Chinatown, and portions of the Chicago Loop.
New York Athletic Club
Amateur Athletic Union
The Athletics Congress
USA Track & Field
|Division championships (16)|
|Conference championships (7)|
|League championships (5)|
|Current league affiliations|
Championship seasons in bold