Buddy Knox

Buddy Wayne Knox (July 20, 1933 – February 14, 1999)[2] was an American singer and songwriter, best known for his 1957 rock hit song, "Party Doll".[2]

Buddy Knox
Buddy Knox 1957
Knox in 1957.
Background information
Birth nameBuddy Wayne Knox
BornJuly 20, 1933
Happy, Texas, United States
DiedFebruary 14, 1999 (aged 65)
Bremerton, Washington
GenresRock and roll, rockabilly, pop[1]
Occupation(s)Singer, songwriter
InstrumentsVocals, guitar
Years active1956–1980s
LabelsTriple-D Records
Roulette Records
Liberty Records
United Artists Records

Biography

Knox was born in the tiny farming community of Happy, Texas, and learned to play the guitar in his youth. In his teens, he and some high school friends formed a band called the "Rhythm Orchids". After they performed on the same 1956 radio show as fellow Texan Roy Orbison and his "Teen Kings" band, Orbison suggested that Knox go to record producer Norman Petty, who had a recording studio in Clovis, New Mexico, the same studio where Buddy Holly recorded several of his early hits, including "That'll Be the Day".

Knox's song "Party Doll" was released on the Roulette record label and went to No.1 on the Cash Box record chart in 1957 (after being picked from the tiny Triple-D label).[3] It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA.[4] This success was followed by "Rock Your Little Baby To Sleep", a No.17 hit, and "Hula Love", a No.9 hit. While he never achieved the same level of artistic success as Holly or Orbison, Knox outlived both and enjoyed a long career in music. For his pioneering contribution, Knox was elected to the Rockabilly Hall of Fame. "Party Doll" was voted one of The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.

In the early 1960s Knox signed with Liberty Records and released several more mainstream pop records, featuring string arrangements and backing vocalists. "Lovey Dovey" and "Ling-Ting-Tong" were the most notable recordings from this era. The sound captured on these recordings was a distinct departure from his earlier rockabilly work for Roulette. Liberty and principal record producer Snuff Garrett successfully employed the same production techniques for their other mainstream pop artists of the time, which included Johnny Burnette and Bobby Vee.

In 1968, Knox, who had been living in semi-retirement in Macon, Georgia while running his publishing company, moved to Nashville, Tennessee and signed a new recording contract with United Artists Records. Working with producer Bob Montgomery (songwriter), Knox honed his traditional rockabilly style more toward the modern country sound of the day. His first album on United Artists earned him the nickname by which he would be known for the remainder of his life. The title song of the album, "Gypsy Man", written by Sonny Curtis and featuring Curtis' acoustic guitar work, received airplay on country music radio stations.

Several singles recorded by Knox between 1968 and 1974 were notable for his experimenting with a variety of sounds and styles and, from a creative and critical standpoint, may have been his most productive era. His version of Delaney Bramlett's "God Knows I Love You", along with his self-penned "Salt Lake City", placed Knox firmly in the midst of the new pop music genre, being populated by artists such as Delaney & Bonnie, Eric Clapton, and others who were on the leading edge of the developing Southern rock style such as Black Oak Arkansas and the Allman Brothers Band. His cover version of James Hendricks' "Glory Train" was another stylistic stretch and featured a gospel-like chorus of backing vocalists. His cover of the Fleetwoods' "Come Softly to Me" demonstrated a vocal range not heard on his older recordings. He also reached out to the new generation of songwriters who would become prominent during Nashville's "Outlaw Era" of the 1970s, as he was one of the first artists to record Mickey Newbury's "I'm Only Rockin'". Several other major country music artists later recorded this song, but under the alternate title of "T. Total Tommy". Knox also recorded songs by Alex Harvey, John D. Loudermilk and Gary Paxton. On several of these recordings, Knox experimented with multi-tracking, something few artists had done up to that time.

Throughout the 1970s, '80s, and early '90s he was based out of Manitoba, Canada and toured primarily in Western Canada and upper Mid-West US with occasional European appearances. In 1981, he starred in an independent Canadian movie "Sweet Country Road".

He said the fame took a toll on his family life. Traveling 250 days a year for 35 years, he was voted "the most traveling entertainer in the world" by Billboard magazine, but he said it cost three marriages for him.

In 1992, he divorced and moved to British Columbia and was involved in several business ventures including a partnership in a local British Columbia nightclub.

Moving to Port Orchard, WA in 1997 to be with his fiancee, he experienced a fall and injured his hip. The doctor informed him at that time that he had terminal lung cancer. Knox scheduled a farewell show but died just a few weeks later on February 14, 1999, in Bremerton, Washington. He is interred in Dreamland Cemetery, in Canyon, Texas.

His son, Michael Knox, is a record producer.[5]

Discography

Compilation albums

Buddy Knox — Greatest Hits — all the Roulette and Liberty recordings

  1. "Party Doll" (1957, US no. 2, UK no. 29)
  2. "Storm Clouds" (1957)
  3. "That's Why I Cry" (1959, US no. 88)
  4. "Hula Love" (1957, US no. 12)
  5. "C'mon Baby" (1959)
  6. "All For You" (1959)
  7. "I Think I'm Gonna Kill Myself" (1959, US no. 55)
  8. "Lovey Dovey" (1961, US no. 25)
  9. "Ling-Ting-Tong" (1961, US no. 65)
  10. "Somebody Touched Me" (1958, US no. 22)
  11. "Rock Your Little Baby to Sleep" (1957)
  12. "Cause I'm In Love" (1957)
  13. "Swinging Daddy" (1958, US no. 80)
  14. "The Girl with the Golden Hair" (1959)
  15. "Devil Woman" (1957)
  16. "Mary Lou" (1957)
  17. "Rock House" (1957)
  18. "Maybellinne" (1957)
  19. "Rock Around the Clock" (1957)
  20. "She's Gone" (1962, UK no. 45)
  21. "Slippin' and Slidin'" (1962)
  22. "Chi-Hua-Hua" (1962)
  23. "OPEN YOUR LOVIN' ARMS" (1962)
  24. "Dear Abby" (1962
  25. "Three Eyed Man" (1962)
  26. "Tomorrow is a Comin'" (1963)
  27. "Hitch Hike Back To Georgia" (1963)
  28. "I Got You" (1960)
  29. "I Ain't Sharin' Sharon" (1959)
  30. "I'm in Love With You" (1957)
  31. "Long Lonely Nights" (1960)
  32. "Good Time Girl" (1965)
  33. "Livin' in a House Full of Love" (1965)
  34. "Love Has Many Ways" (1965)
  35. "Teasable, Pleasable You" (1959, US no. 85)

Singles

Year Titles
Both sides from same album except where indicated
Chart positions Album
US US R&B UK
1957 "Party Doll"
b/w "My Baby's Gone" (Non-album track)
2 3 29 Buddy Knox
"Rock Your Little Baby To Sleep"
b/w "Don't Make Me Cry"
23
"Hula Love"
b/w "Devil Woman"
12 13
1958 "Swingin' Daddy"
b/w "Whenever I'm Lonely"
80 Non-album tracks
"Somebody Touched Me"
b/w "C'mon Baby"
22 Buddy Knox & Jimmy Bowen
1959 "That's Why I Cry" / 88
"Teasable, Pleasable You" 85
"I Think I'm Gonna Kill Myself"
b/w "To Be With You"
55 Non-album tracks
"Taste Of The Blues"
b/w "I Ain't Sharin' Sharon"
1960 "Long Lonely Nights"
b/w "Storm Clouds"
"Lovey Dovey"
b/w "I Got You" (Non-album track)
25 Buddy Knox's Golden Hits
1961 "Ling, Ting, Tong"
b/w "The Kisses (They're All Mine)" (Non-album track)
65
"Three Eyed Man"
b/w "All By Myself" (from Buddy Knox's Golden Hits)
Non-album track
1962 "Chi-Hua-Hua"
b/w "Open Your Lovin' Arms"
Buddy Knox's Golden Hits
"She's Gone"
b/w "Now There's Only Me" (Non-album track)
45
"Three Way Love Affair"
b/w "Dear Abby" (from Buddy Knox's Golden Hits)
Non-album tracks
1963 "Tomorrow Is A Comin'"
b/w "Shadaroom"
"Thanks A Lot"
b/w "Hitchhike Back To Georgia"
1964 "Good Lovin'"
b/w "All Time Loser"
"Jo Ann"
b/w "Don't Make A Ripple"
1965 "Good Time Girl"
b/w "Livin' In A House Full Of Love"
"A Lover's Question"
b/w "You Said Goodbye"
1966 "That Don't Do Me No Good"
b/w "A White Sport Coat (and A Pink Carnation)"
"Sixteen Feet Of Patio"
b/w "Love Has Many Ways"
1968 "Gypsy Man"A
b/w "This Time Tomorrow"
Gypsy Man
"Today My Sleepless Nights Came Back To Town"
b/w "A Million Years Or So"
1969 "God Knows I Love You"
b/w "Night Runners" (from Gypsy Man)
Non-album tracks
"Salt Lake City"
b/w "I'm Only Rockin'"
1970 "Back To New Orleans"
b/w "Yesterday Is Gone"
"Glory Train"
b/w "White Dove"
1971 "Travelin' Light"
b/w "Come Softly To Me"
  • A"Gypsy Man" peaked at #64 on Billboard Country charts

References

  1. ^ Jason Ankeny. "Buddy Knox | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Doc Rock. "The Dead Rock Stars Club 1998 - 1999". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
  3. ^ Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 38. CN 5585.
  4. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 93. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  5. ^ "Super Producer Michael Knox Gets 1st CMA Nomination «". Nashville.com. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2015.

External links

1957 in music

This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1957.

41 Original Hits from the Soundtrack of American Graffiti

41 Original Hits from the Soundtrack of American Graffiti is the official 1973 soundtrack album of the film American Graffiti. It has been certified triple platinum in the U.S., where it peaked at #10 on the Billboard 200 album chart.

Included in the film, but not on the soundtrack, are "Gee" by The Crows, "Louie Louie" by Flash Cadillac & the Continental Kids, and Harrison Ford's in-character a cappella rendition of "Some Enchanted Evening".

A second compilation, titled More American Graffiti (MCA 8007) (and not to be confused with the 1979 film sequel of that name) was issued by MCA in early 1975, with George Lucas's approval. It features more rock and doo-wop hits from the late '50s and early '60s (only one of which, the Crows' "Gee", was featured in the film), along with additional Wolfman Jack dialogue. A third and final oldies compilation, titled American Graffiti Vol. III (MCA 8008) was also issued by MCA in early 1976. All three albums were released as 2-record sets, or as a double-length tape and are now entirely out of print.

All songs on the soundtrack album are presented in the order they appeared in the film.

The UK version of the soundtrack album is slightly reordered and omits three tracks; both Beach Boys songs and "Teen Angel" by Mark Dinning. The album is thus retitled "38 Original Hits from the Sound Track of American Graffiti".

Allen Klein

Allen Klein (December 18, 1931 – July 4, 2009) was an American businessman, music publisher, writers' representative and record label executive, most noted for his tough persona and aggressive negotiation tactics, many of which established higher industry standards for compensating recording artists. He founded ABKCO Music & Records Incorporated. Klein revolutionized the income potential of recording artists, who previously had been routinely victimized by onerous record company contracts. He first scored massive monetary and contractual windfalls for Buddy Knox and Jimmy Bowen, one-hit rockabillies of the late 1950s, then parlayed his early successes into a position managing Sam Cooke, and eventually managed the Beatles and the Rolling Stones simultaneously, along with many other artists, becoming one of the most powerful individuals in the music industry during his era.Rather than offering financial advice and maximizing his clients' income, as a business manager normally would, Klein set up what he called "buy/sell agreements" where a company that Klein owned became an intermediary between his client and the record label, owning the rights to the music, manufacturing the records, selling them to the record label, and paying royalties and cash advances to the client. Although Klein greatly increased his clients' incomes, he also enriched himself, sometimes without his clients' knowledge. (The Rolling Stones's $1.25M advance from the Decca Records label in 1965, for one glaring example, was deposited into a company that Klein had established, and the fine print of the contract did not require Klein to release it for 20 years.) Klein's involvement with both the Beatles and Rolling Stones would lead to years of litigation and, specifically for the Rolling Stones, accusations from the group that Klein had withheld royalty payments, stolen the publishing rights to their songs, and neglected to pay their taxes for five years; this last had necessitated their French "exile" in 1971.After years of pursuit by the IRS, Klein was convicted of a misdemeanor charge of making a false statement on his 1972 tax return, for which he spent two months of 1980 in jail.

Billboard year-end top 50 singles of 1957

This is a list of Billboard magazine's top 50 singles of 1957 according to retail sales.

Harvest Records

Harvest Records is a British record label belonging to Capitol Music Group, originally created by EMI, active from 1969 to present.

Hula Love

"My Hula Hula Love" is a song with words by Edward Maddern and music by Percy Wenrich published in 1911. It was adapted and retitled "Hula Love" by Buddy Knox in 1957 and performed by Knox with The Rhythm Orchids. It reached #9 on the U.S. and #13 on the U.S. R&B chart in 1957. The song was featured on his 1959 album, Buddy Knox.Knox sang the song in the 1957 film Jamboree.

I'm Stickin' with You

"I'm Stickin' with You" is a song written by Jimmy Bowen and Buddy Knox and performed by Jimmy Bowen with The Rhythm Orchids. It reached #9 on the US R&B chart and #14 on the US pop chart in 1957. The song was originally released as the B-side to Knox's 1956 song "Party Doll" and was featured on their 1957 album, Jimmy Bowen.The single's B-side, "Ever Lovin' Fingers", reached #63 on the US pop chart.

Jamboree (1957 film)

Jamboree, known as Disc Jockey Jamboree in the United Kingdom, is the name of a black and white 1957 rock and roll film, directed by Roy Lockwood. Its story is about a boy and girl, Pete Porter and Honey Wynn, played by Paul Carr and Freda Holloway, who become overnight sensations as a romantic singing duo who run into trouble when their squabbling managers, played by Kay Medford and Bob Pastine, try to turn them into solo acts. Against this backdrop in cameo performances appear some of the biggest names of rock and roll in the 1950s lip-syncing to their recordings.

Jimmy Bowen

James Albert Bowen (born November 30, 1937) is an American record producer and former rockabilly singer. He is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School of Business and holds an MBA with honors from Belmont University. He lives with his wife Ginger in Phoenix, Arizona.

Bowen is responsible for bringing Nancy Sinatra and Lee Hazlewood together. He is also responsible for teaming Nancy up with Mel Tillis for their album, Mel & Nancy.

John Doheny

John Steven "Pip" Doheny (born December 17, 1953), is a jazz tenor saxophonist and band leader, who also plays flute, clarinet, and alto saxophone.

Born in Seattle, Washington, Doheny studied with prominent Canadian saxophonist and bandleader Fraser MacPherson, whom he credits as a major influence. He spent his early career in the 1970s primarily in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, playing in local rhythm and blues bands and strip clubs, as well as spending large parts of each year on exhaustive road trips to taverns throughout rural British Columbia and Alberta. By the late 1970s and into the mid 1980s he was appearing as a sideman with artists such as Albert Collins, Doug and the Slugs, the Coasters, the Platters, the Temptations, and Buddy Knox. In the late 1980s he relocated to Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and then New York City, working with the bands of Lloyd Williams, Solomon Burke, Danny B, and Kenny Margolis. The 1990s saw Doheny doing extensive touring and studio work, both with jazz ensembles and pop groups, including Bell Biv Devoe.

He released his first CD as a leader One Up, Two Back in 2002, featuring his band the John Doheny Quintet, and vocalist Colleen Savage. In 2003 he relocated to New Orleans to pursue a master's degree in jazz history at Tulane University.

Doheny is noted as a colorful raconteur (no small accomplishment in a city like New Orleans). A 2002 interview with him can be found here, courtesy of smoothjazz.com, which includes an explanation of how he came to acquire the middle name "Pip", and an account of his early days as a struggling musician.

Doheny is also a jazz historian. He holds an MA in Jazz History from Tulane University, as well as a B.mus and B.ed from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. He has written articles on Jelly Roll Morton in the popular press, and published in Tulane's Jazz Archivist. He has also achieved notoriety for transcribing the music of Charles Mingus from audio form into written musical scores. Having transcribed the music of Mingus, he adapted the scores to a series of performances entitled 'Mingus Mania,' parts of which appeared on the Bravo television network in the early 1990s as musical interludes. Doheny also composed and performed source music for the soundtrack for the 1998 Bruce Sweeney film Dirty, as well as appearing with his band in the 1997 Brian Dennehy TV movie A Father's Betrayal.

He is now a resident of New Orleans, Louisiana. While many New Orleans residents were displaced by Hurricane Katrina, Doheny was one of the first to return after the flood waters subsided, and was one of the most enthusiastic and vocal advocates for the rebuilding of New Orleans to its original form, history, and traditions.

List of Cash Box Best Sellers number-one singles of 1957

These are the songs that reached number one on the Top 50 Best Sellers chart (expanded to 60 on April 13, 1957) in 1957 as published by Cash Box magazine.

Lovey Dovey

"Lovey Dovey" is a popular American rhythm and blues song originating in the 1950s and written by Eddie Curtis and Ahmet Ertegun, with the latter usually credited using his songwriter's pseudonym "Nugetre" (Ertegun spelled backwards). The song deals with the singer's relationship with his sweetheart and is performed in a light-hearted style.Numerous artists have recorded the song. The song's initial recording by The Clovers remains the best known version, reaching No. 2 for five weeks on the R&B charts in 1954. Cover versions have been recorded by:

Clyde McPhatter (1959) reached No. 12 (R&B) and No. 49 (Pop)

Buddy Knox in 1961, reached No. 25 pop

Dick Dale (1962)

The Coasters (1964)

Bunny Sigler (1967) ("Lovey Dovey"/"You're So Fine"), reached No. 86 pop

Otis Redding and Carla Thomas (1967) (released as a single in 1968, following Redding's death), reached No. 21 R&B and No. 60 pop

Delbert McClinton (1976) on the album Genuine CowhideMonkee Peter Tork also performs the song with his blues band Blue Suede Shoes.

Michael Knox (record producer)

Michael Knox is an American music producer and artist manager.

The Macon, Georgia-born Knox, son of rock and roll singer Buddy Knox, is best known for discovering Jason Aldean and producing all of his albums.He helped Crossin Dixon sign to Broken Bow Records, the same label to which Aldean is signed, after a friend of his saw the band perform. Other artists whom he has produced include Montgomery Gentry and Trace Adkins.Before working as a producer, Knox was an executive at Warner/Chappell Music. His first production credit was Danni Leigh's "29 Nights". Knox worked as a song plugger. In 2011, Knox won Album of the Year from the Country Music Association for his production on My Kinda Party.In 2012, he won two Academy of Country Music awards for Aldean and Kelly Clarkson's "Don't You Wanna Stay". He won the Academy of Country Music award for Vocal Event in 2013 for producing "The Only Way I Know", with Aldean, Luke Bryan, and Eric Church.

NWA Pacific Coast Heavyweight Championship (Vancouver version)

The Vancouver version of the NWA Pacific Coast Heavyweight Championship was the major singles title in two National Wrestling Alliance-affiliated Vancouver territories. The championship was originally used in Big Time Wrestling from 1948 to about 1958, then was reactivated for use in NWA All Star Wrestling from 1970 until 1981, when the title was abandoned.

Norman Petty

Norman Petty (May 25, 1927 – August 15, 1984) was an American musician and record producer who is best known for his association with Buddy Holly and the Crickets, who recorded in his studio.

Pacific Coast Light Heavyweight Championship

The Pacific Coast Light Heavyweight Championship was a professional wrestling championship that was contended for in the Pacific Northwest from the 1920s to the mid-1950s.

Party Doll

"Party Doll" is a 1957 rock 'n' roll song written by Buddy Knox and Jimmy Bowen. It was performed by Buddy Knox with the Rhythm Orchids, recorded in April 1956, and it became a hit on the Roulette label.

Buddy Knox was a teenager living near Happy, Texas, in 1948 when he wrote the original verses of "Party Doll" behind a haystack on his family farm. While attending college at West Texas State University, he and two college friends, Jimmy Bowen and Don Lanier, traveled to Clovis, New Mexico, to record the song at the studio of Norman Petty. Knox's sister and two of her friends, Iraene Potts of Amarilo and a neighbor, sang background vocals on the song and a girl from the marching band of Clovis High School was recruited to play cymbal. After pressing copies of the record, a DJ in Amarillo began playing "Party Doll" in 1956 and it soon became a regional hit. After being contacted by Roulette Records in New York City, the song was distributed around the U.S. and became a chart-topping hit, spending a week at No. 1 on the Top 100 chart, the precursor to the Billboard Hot 100, in March 1957. Jerry Allison, drummer for The Crickets (who also recorded for Petty at Clovis), stated in an interview that the drum on Party Doll (which he said was played on a cardboard box) was the inspiration for the drum sound he used for "Not Fade Away (song)".

Almost immediately after Roulette released Knox's version of the song, competing versions of "Party Doll" were recorded and released by other record labels. Wingy Manone and Roy Brown recorded R&B versions of the song which saw some success. A less rock and roll version by singer Steve Lawrence (with Dick Jacobs conducting the orchestra) also became a pop hit that year, reaching No. 5 on the Billboard Top 100. Lawrence's version was released on the Coral label. The Crests recorded a cover version for their 1960 album, The Crests Sing All Biggies. The Fleetwoods also recorded a version of the song. Ronnie Dove, several years before he became a star, recorded the song in 1961 with his band, the Bell Tones, for Decca Records. It was also one of several rock'n'roll standards recorded by Lindisfarne on their 1987 party album C'mon Everybody, and released as a single.

Roulette Records

Roulette Records was an American record company and label founded in 1957 by George Goldner, Joe Kolsky, Morris Levy and Phil Kahl, with creative control given to producers and songwriters Hugo Peretti and Luigi Creatore. Levy was appointed director.

The label had known ties to New York City mobsters. Levy ran the label with an iron fist. In 1958 Roost Records was purchased. Goldner subsequently bowed out of his partnership interest in Roulette and, to cover his gambling debts, sold his record labels Tico, Rama, Gee and — years later — End and Gone to Levy, who grouped them into Roulette. Peretti and Creatore later left Roulette and worked as freelance producers for RCA Records throughout the 1960s. They co-founded Avco Records in 1969. In 1971 Roulette took over the catalog of Jubilee Records.

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