Budaun

Budaun (also spelled as Badayun, formerly Vodamayuta) is a city and a seat of Budaun district,[1] Uttar Pradesh, India. It is located near the Ganges river[2] in the center of Western Uttar Pradesh. Budaun was the capital of Delhi Sultanate for four years from 1210 CE to 1214 CE during Sultan Iltutmish rule. It was the most important post of Northern Frontier during Mughal reign. Budaun is a big market, historically famous and religiously important city. It is the heart of Rohilkhand.[3][4] Budaun is 229 km from New Delhi and it takes 4 hours 47 mins to 7 hours to reach the city depending on mode of transport i.e. car or roadways bus service.[5] The town is near the left bank of the river Sot.[6]

Budaun
City
Mission House of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Budaun (1895)
Mission House of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Budaun (1895)
Budaun is located in Uttar Pradesh
Budaun
Budaun
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°03′N 79°07′E / 28.05°N 79.12°ECoordinates: 28°03′N 79°07′E / 28.05°N 79.12°E
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
RegionRohilkhand
DivisionBareilly
DistrictBudaun
Settled905AD (Modern City), 220BC (Ancient City)
Government
 • BodyBudaun Municipal Corporation
 • MayorDeepmala Goyal
 • MPDharmendra Yadav
 • MLAMahesh Chandra Gupta
Area
 • City81 km2 (31 sq mi)
Elevation
164 m (538 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • City369,221
 • Rank17
 • Density5,489/km2 (14,220/sq mi)
 • Metro
457,665 (Budaun Metro Area)
Demonym(s)Badayuni
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
243601
Telephone code05832
ISO 3166 codeIN-UP-BD
Vehicle registrationUP-24
Coastline0 kilometres (0 mi)
Sex ratio907 female/1000 male
Literacy82.0%
Civic agencyBudaun Development Authority
Governing bodyGovernment of UP
Government of India
ClimateHS-TH (Köppen)
Precipitation843 millimetres (33.2 in)
Avg. annual temperature27.5 °C (81.5 °F)
Avg. summer temperature39.8 °C (103.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature11.5 °C (52.7 °F)
Websitehttp://www.badaun.nic.in/
Also known as 'City of Saints' or 'Madinat ul Awliya', famous for its Pedas, 'Mentha City' of India.

Etymology

Prof. Goti John referred this city was named Bedamooth in an ancient inscription based on stone scripts at the Lucknow Museum. Later this region was called Panchal. According to the lines on stone scripts there was a village Bhadaunlak near the city. The Muslim historian Roz Khan Lodhi said that at Ashoka The Great (?) built a Buddh Vihar and Quila; he named it BuddhMau (Budaun Fort). According to George Smith, Budaun was named after the Ahir prince Budh.[7][8]

History

According to tradition, Budaun was founded about 905 AD, and an inscription, probably of the 12th century, gives a list of twelve Rathor kings reigning at Budaun then called Vodamāyuta.[6] Kanauj was conquered after AD 1085 by Mahmūd, the son of the Ghaznavid Sultān, driving out the Rāshtrakūta chief. This the Rāshtrakūta chief then move their capital to Vodamāyuta, where they ruled until conquered by Qutb-ud-din Aibak.[9]

The first authentic historical event connected with it, however, was its capture by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1196, after which it became a very important post on the northern frontier of the Delhi empire. In 1223, a very handsome mosque of imposing size, crowned with a dome, was built. In the 13th century two of its governors, Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, the builder of the mosque referred above, and his son Rukn ud din Firuz, attained the imperial throne. In 1571 the town was burnt, and about a hundred years later, under Shah Jahan, the seat of the governorship was transferred to Sahaspur-Bilari. Budaun and its district was ceded to the British government in 1801 by the Nawab of Oudh.[6]

In 1911, Budaun was a town and district of British India, in the Rohilkhand division of the United Provinces. At the time, an American Methodist mission maintained several girls schools, and there was a high school for boys.[6]

Politics

Dharmendra Yadav is the MP of the Budaun Constituency and is the nephew of Mulayam Singh Yadav. Budaun has large population of Ahirs which according to British historian Matthew Atmore Sherring came from Hansi and Hisar which is in Haryana.[10][11]

Demographics

As of 2011 census, Budaun City had a population of 369,221 (188,475 male 180,746 female = 1000/907), 39,613 (12.3%) of whom were aged 0–6. The adult literacy rate was 92.0. The widely spoken language in the city is Hindi and Urdu with English being used very rarely, and Punjabi is also a significant language in the city. The sex ratio of Budaun city is 907 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 882 per 1000 boys. The area of the city is 81 square km. Budaun Metro Area have a population of around 417000 and an area of 103 km2 (40 sq mi) With Badaun City, it includes Shekhupur, Bahedi, Islamganj, Chandanpur, Salarpur, Salarpur Industrial Estate, Shekhupur Firing Range, Padauna and Khera Buzurg.%.[12][13]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Budaun District : Census 2011 data". Indian Census 2011. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/yadavs-growing-clout-resents-by-both-upper-castes-and-other-backward-castes/1/294220.html
  4. ^ http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-05-09/lucknow/28153545_1_sachchar-committee-salim-sherwani-mulayam-singh-yadav
  5. ^ http://www.mapsofindia.com/distance/new-delhi-to-badaun.html
  6. ^ a b c d Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Budaun" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 737.
  7. ^ George Smith (1882). The student's geography of India: the geography of British India : political and physical. John Murray. pp. 223–. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  8. ^ http://www.jagran.com/uttar-pradesh/badaun-shortage-of-milk-in-kilk-prodective-area-10672897.html
  9. ^ Majumdar, Ramesh Chandra (1977). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 315. ISBN 9788120804364. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  10. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?id=8V4IAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA237&dq=Jats+Gujars+and+Ahirs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=H0m3VPf_JI2zuASO84LgBw&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAjhk#v=onepage&q=Ahirs&f=false
  11. ^ Hindu Tribes and Castes, Volume 1 page 334
  12. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
  13. ^ http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=28770
  14. ^ "Budaun City Population Census 2011". Census 2011 India. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
Badaun (Assembly constituency)

Badaun Assembly constituency (Hindi: बदायूँ विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Budaun district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Budaun (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1957 after the "DPACO (1956)" (delimitation order) was passed in 1956. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 115.

Badaun (Lok Sabha constituency)

Badaun Lok Sabha constituency (formerly known as Budaun Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 80 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Uttar Pradesh state in India.

Bareilly division

Bareilly division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. Bareilly is the administrative headquarters of the division. Bareilly division has three major cities in west Uttar Pradesh - Bareilly, Badaun, Pilibhit and Shahjahanpur.

Bareilly is the medical hub of Uttar Pradesh, one of the biggest industrial areas and the third fastest developing city of Uttar Pradesh.

Budaun is a politically sensational and historical city and has many historical sites, one of the oldest existing city of India, and was the capital of India during Iltutmish's rule. It is also the sixth fastest developing city in Uttar Pradesh.

Shahjahanpur is also one of the main cities of west Uttar Pradesh.

Currently (2005), the division consists of the districts of

Bareilly District

Badaun District

Pilibhit District

Shahjahanpur District

Bilsi (Assembly constituency)

Bilsi Assembly constituency (Hindi: बिल्सी विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Budaun district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Budaun (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1974 after the delimitation order was passed in 1967. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 114.

Bisauli (Assembly constituency)

Bisauli Assembly constituency (Hindi: बिसौली विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Budaun district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Budaun (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1957 after the "DPACO (1956)" (delimitation order) was passed in 1956. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 112.

Budaun district

Budaun district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Budaun town is the district headquarters. Budaun district is a part of Bareilly division. The district covers an area of 5168 km². According to the British historian George Smith, Budaun was named after Koli prince Budh.

Budaun railway station

Budaun railway station is a main railway station in Badaun district, Uttar Pradesh. Its code is BEM. It serves Budaun city. The station consists of three platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.The station lies on Ramnagar-Agra Railway line. Trains for Bareilly, Ramnagar, Agra, Mumbai, Vadodara, Surat, Mathura, Kota etc. are available.

Dataganj

Dataganj (Urdu داتاگنج ) (Hindi दातागंज ) is a town and a nagar palika in Badaun district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Dataganj city acts as a junction for many roads leading to Budaun (27 km), Bareilly (47 km), Miyaun (26 km) and Bela Dandi (7 km).

Dataganj (Assembly constituency)

Dataganj Assembly constituency (Hindi: दातागंज विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Budaun district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Aonla (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1957 after the "DPACO (1956)" (delimitation order) was passed in 1956. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 117.

Great Mosque, Budaun

The Jama Masjid or Great Mosque is a major mosque built in historic center of Budaun,Uttar Pradesh.The mosque was built by Iltutmish, the ruler of Delhi Sultanate that time. This mosque reflects Persian and Afghan architecture. It has three gates: the main gate, facing Shakeel Road, is made up of red marble and stands 100 feet tall. The second gate is in Farshori Tola and the third one in Sotha. It has a central dome surrounded by two more domes, and 5 other domes too. The floor is made from white marble (SangeMarMar). It has a "Hauz"(pond) and three "WuzuKhana"(Washroom and sitting Room) on its premises. Two sides of mosque are occupied by residential blocks: the Jama Masjid Quarters.

This mosque is the third oldest existing and second largest mosque of the country after Delhi's Jama Masjid, having a standard capacity of 23500. The built up part of the mosque is larger than any other mosque of the country. Before the expansion of Delhi's Jama Masjid, it was the largest and most famous mosque of the country. The central dome of the mosque is considered to be the largest for any dome of mosque in the country.

It is also a Monument of National Importance and a National Heritage Site.

Gunnaur (Assembly constituency)

Gunnaur Assembly constituency (Hindi: गुन्नौर विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Budaun district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Budaun (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1952 after the "DPACO (1951)" (delimitation order) was passed in 1951. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 111.

Sahaswan

Sahaswan is a city and a municipal board in Budaun district in the Indian state of western Uttar Pradesh.

Sahaswan (Assembly constituency)

Sahaswan Assembly constituency (Hindi: सहसवान विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Budaun district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Budaun (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 1957 after the "DPACO (1956)" (delimitation order) was passed in 1956. After the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order" was passed in 2008, the constituency was assigned identification number 113.

Saidpur, Badaun

Saidpur is a town and a nagar panchayat in the Badaun district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Sheikhupur railway station

Sheikhupur railway station is a main railway station in Badaun district, Uttar Pradesh. Its code is SKW. It serves Sheikhupur city. The station consists of two platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.The station lies on Ramnagar-Agra Railway line. Trains for Bareilly, Ramnagar, Agra, Mumbai, Vadodara, Surat, Mathura, Kota etc. are available.

Shekhupur (Assembly constituency)

Shekhupur Assembly constituency (Hindi: शेखुपुर विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Budaun district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Aonla (Lok Sabha constituency). First election in this assembly constituency was held in 2012 after the "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" was passed and the constituency was formed in 2008. The constituency is assigned identification number 116.

Shyam Nagar

Shyam Nagar is an area of Budaun city in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Ujhani railway station

Ujhani railway station is a small railway station in Budaun district, Uttar Pradesh. Its code is UJH. It serves Ujhani city. The station consists of three platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.Railway connectivity to all cities was closed from 1 January 2014 due to gauge conversion. After a long time the railway connectivity has again started with two trains daily.{cn}}

Ziarat Shareef

Ziarat Shareef (Urdu: زیارت‎) is a mosque with a madrasah (Madrasah khāṣah (Arabic: مدرسة خاصة‎ English: private school) in Kakrala city, Budaun district of Uttar Pradesh, India. The building was designed by Shah Saqlain Miyan. The building also contains the Khatoli Shareef of Shah Dargahi Miyan. People from across the country come to visit the Khatoli Shareef. This visit is called the ziyarat, hence the name of this building.

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