Buck Freeman

John Frank "Buck" Freeman (October 30, 1871 – June 25, 1949) was an American right fielder in Major League Baseball at the turn of the 20th century. Listed at 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m) and 169 lb (77 kg), he both batted and threw left-handed. Freeman was one of the top sluggers of his era, his most famous feat being the 25 home runs he hit during the 1899 season.

Buck Freeman
Buck Freeman
Right fielder
Born: October 30, 1871
Catasauqua, Pennsylvania
Died: June 25, 1949 (aged 77)
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
June 27, 1891, for the Washington Statesmen
Last MLB appearance
April 20, 1907, for the Boston Americans
MLB statistics
Batting average.293
Home runs82
Runs batted in713
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Career

A native of Catasauqua, Pennsylvania, Freeman showed talent as a pitcher from a young age; he later received advice from early African-American player Bud Fowler to practice hitting more.[1]

Washington Statesmen

Freeman made his major league debut as a left-handed starting pitcher with the Washington Statesmen of the major league American Association on June 27, 1891, registering the loss in a 4–5 defeat to the Philadelphia Athletics.[2] Freeman played in a further four games during the season, finishing up with a 3–2 record and an earned run average (ERA) of 3.89 in 44 innings pitched, while striking out 28 but also walking 33.

Minor leagues

Following the 1891 season's conclusion, Freeman did not play in the majors again for seven years. From 1892 through 1898, he played in the Pennsylvania State League, Eastern League, New England League, and Western League. His longest stint was in the Eastern League with Toronto from 1896 to 1898.

Washington Senators

Freeman returned to the Washington roster in September of the 1898 season, when Arthur Irwin took over as manager;[3] the team was now known as the Senators and played in the National League. Since Freeman's time as a pitcher with the Statesmen, he had bulked out and had begun to show real skill with the bat (in his 18 at bats in 1891 he had recorded a batting average of .222). In light of this, the Senators decided to retrain Freeman as a right fielder, believing that he would be even more useful with the bat than he was with the ball. Albeit with only 107 at bats in 29 games, he recorded a .364 batting average and a .523 slugging percentage during the final weeks of the 1898 Senators season. Following his strong showing with the bat, he was named as the Senators' first-choice right fielder for the following season.

The 25 home runs that Freeman recorded for the 1899 Senators were truly remarkable by the standards of the time;[4] the second highest total that year was 12 by Bobby Wallace of St. Louis. Although Freeman failed to equal Ned Williamson's record of 27 home runs in a season, recorded in 1884 with Chicago, Freeman's total is generally regarded as the greater achievement. Williamson's home field of Lakeshore Park was less than 200 feet (61 m) down the foul lines and 300 feet (91 m) to center, and prior to 1884 balls hit over the fence at Lakeshore Park had been ground rule doubles; of Williamson's 27 homers, only two were hit away from home. Freeman's tally was not surpassed until 1919, when Babe Ruth hit 29 home runs with the Boston Red Sox.

Freeman's contract was sold to Boston in February 1900, as Washington owner J. Earl Wagner correctly foresaw that the National League would be reduced in size.[5] The Senators were one of the teams disbanded as the league contracted from twelve teams to eight.

Boston Beaneaters

Freeman spent the 1900 season with the Boston Beaneaters (later known as the Boston Braves), where he did not get along with manager Frank Selee.[1] Freeman's offensive numbers for the season were well down from the year before, as he recorded six home runs and 65 runs batted in (RBIs) in 117 games played. On September 1, during a game between Boston and the New York Giants, assigned umpire Ed Smartwood had to leave the game due to injury; the final four innings were completed with Freeman umpiring at home and Bill Carrick of the Giants umpiring at first.[6][7][8]

Boston Americans

Boston Americans team picture
Team picture of the 1901 Boston Americans; Freeman is at center of the back row

For the 1901 season, Freeman and teammate Jimmy Collins moved across town to the Boston Americans (later known as the Boston Red Sox), for the inaugural season of the American League. The Americans decided to convert Freeman into a first baseman. The 1901 season was something of a return to form; he finished second overall in home runs (12), RBIs (114), and slugging percentage (.520), finishing behind Nap Lajoie in all categories.

In 1902, Freeman returned to playing as a right fielder, which was his better position, and led the American League with 121 RBIs. In 1903, he helped Boston to the inaugural World Series by leading the league in both home runs (13) and RBIs (104); in doing so, Freeman became the first player to have led both the National League and the American League in home runs. On June 21, 1903, he hit for the cycle, the first Americans/Red Sox player to do so.[9] The 1903 World Series was the only postseason series that Freeman ever played in, and it proved to be lacklustre by his own standards—he recorded an average of .281 (9-for-32) with three triples and four RBIs over the course of eight games, as Boston defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates.

In the three years following the championship, Freeman's offense declined sharply. In 1906, he managed a .250 average with one home run and 30 RBIs. After that, he decided to play in Boston for one further season,[10] but after only four games of the 1907 season when he batted 2-for-12 including a home run, Freeman was sent to the Washington Nationals.[11] However, before playing for Washington, his contract was sold into the minor leagues,[12] effectively ending his major league career.

Late career

Freeman went on to finish the 1907 season with the Minneapolis Millers of the American Association, recording an average of .335 and hitting 18 home runs in 142 games played. Following this successful season, he decided to spend a further season with the Millers; in 1908 he played 92 games for the Millers with 10 home runs albeit with an average of .218. Freeman then closed his professional career by playing in the New York State League in 1909, the Tri-State League in 1910, and a final 15 games in the New York State League in 1912 at age 40 when he managed the Scranton Miners.[13]

Legacy

In an 11-season major league career, Freeman was a .293 hitter (1235-for-4208) with 82 home runs and 713 RBIs in 1126 games, including 199 doubles, 131 triples, 92 stolen bases, a slugging percentage of .462, and a .346 on-base percentage. Freeman died at the age of 77 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.[14] In May 2018, Freeman was inducted to the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b SABR biography
  2. ^ "Washington vs. Athletic (box score)". Chicago Tribune. June 28, 1891. p. 4. Retrieved May 26, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  3. ^ "Arthur Irwin at Helm". Washington Times. September 7, 1898. p. 6. Retrieved May 26, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  4. ^ Thorn, John (March 30, 2015). "The Most Dominant Home Run Season Ever". ourgame.mlblogs.com. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  5. ^ "Boston Buys Freeman". Chicago Inter Ocean. February 11, 1900. p. 10. Retrieved May 25, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Smartwood Retired". The Cincinnati Enquirer. September 2, 1900. p. 10. Retrieved May 26, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "The 1900 NL Regular Season Umpiring Log for Buck Freeman". Retrosheet. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  8. ^ "The 1900 NL Regular Season Umpiring Log for Bill Carrick". Retrosheet. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  9. ^ Smith, Christopher (June 17, 2015). "List of the 20 Boston Red Sox players who have hit for the cycle starting with Brock Holt". masslive.com. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
  10. ^ "Buck Freeman Signs With Boston Club". The Washington Times. January 29, 1907. p. 8. Retrieved May 25, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  11. ^ ""Buck" Freeman Released". Hartford Courant. April 25, 1907. p. 9. Retrieved May 25, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  12. ^ ""Buck" Freeman is a Minor". Wilkes-Barre Leader. May 2, 1907. p. 10. Retrieved May 25, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  13. ^ "Buck Freeman to Manage Scranton". Pittsburgh Daily Post. January 13, 1912. p. 10. Retrieved May 26, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  14. ^ "Early Homer Champ Dies". The Hammond Times. Hammond, Indiana. UP. June 26, 1949. Retrieved October 19, 2017 – via newspapers.com.
  15. ^ Maher, Tyler (May 22, 2018). "Lowell, Lowe, Youk inducted into Boston HOF: Former Red Sox stars among a group of six honorees". MLB.com. Retrieved May 25, 2018.

Further reading

External links

Achievements
Preceded by
Fred Clarke
Hitting for the cycle
June 21, 1903
Succeeded by
Patsy Dougherty
1899 Washington Senators season

The 1899 Washington Senators baseball team finished the season with a 54–98 record, eleventh place in the National League.

The 25 home runs that right fielder Buck Freeman recorded were truly remarkable by the standards of the time; his tally was not surpassed until Babe Ruth hit 29 home runs with the 1919 Boston Red Sox.

When the NL contracted after the season, the Senators were disbanded. Owner J. Earl Wagner received $39,000 for his interest in the team.

1900 Boston Beaneaters season

The 1900 Boston Beaneaters season was the 30th season of the franchise.

1901 Boston Americans season

The 1901 Boston Americans season was the first season for the professional baseball franchise that later became known as the Boston Red Sox, and the first season of play for the American League (AL). It resulted in the Americans finishing second in the AL with a record of 79 wins and 57 losses, four games behind the Chicago White Stockings. The team was managed by Jimmy Collins and played its home games at Huntington Avenue Grounds.

1902 Boston Americans season

The 1902 Boston Americans season was the second season for the professional baseball franchise that later became known as the Boston Red Sox. The Americans finished third in the American League (AL) with a record of 77 wins and 60 losses, ​6 1⁄2 games behind the Philadelphia Athletics. The team was managed by Jimmy Collins and played their home games at Huntington Avenue Grounds.

1903 Boston Americans season

The 1903 Boston Americans season was the third season for the professional baseball franchise that later became known as the Boston Red Sox. The Americans finished first in the American League (AL) with a record of 91 wins and 47 losses, ​14 1⁄2 games ahead of the Philadelphia Athletics. Boston went on to participate in the first World Series held between the AL and National League (NL) champions. The Americans won the 1903 World Series in eight games over the Pittsburgh Pirates. The team was managed by Jimmy Collins and played their home games at Huntington Avenue Grounds.

1903 Major League Baseball season

The 1903 Major League Baseball season, saw the relocation of the Baltimore Orioles to New York City, and become the Highlanders, the last relocation in MLB until 1953, when the Boston Braves moved to Milwaukee, along with the playing of the first modern World Series with the Boston Americans defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates.

1904 Boston Americans season

The 1904 Boston Americans season was the fourth season for the professional baseball franchise that later became known as the Boston Red Sox. The Americans finished first in the American League (AL) with a record of 95 wins and 59 losses, ​1 1⁄2 games ahead of the New York Highlanders. The team was managed by Jimmy Collins and played its home games at Huntington Avenue Grounds. The Americans were set to play the National League (NL) champion New York Giants in the 1904 World Series, however the Giants refused to play.

1905 Boston Americans season

The 1905 Boston Americans season was the fifth season for the professional baseball franchise that later became known as the Boston Red Sox. The Americans finished fourth in the American League (AL) with a record of 78 wins and 74 losses. The team was managed by Jimmy Collins and played its home games at Huntington Avenue Grounds.

1906 Boston Americans season

The 1906 Boston Americans season was the sixth season for the professional baseball franchise that later became known as the Boston Red Sox. The Americans finished last in the eight-team American League (AL) with a record of 49 wins and 105 losses. The team played its home games at Huntington Avenue Grounds.

1907 Boston Americans season

The 1907 Boston Americans season was the seventh season for the professional baseball franchise that later became known as the Boston Red Sox. The Americans finished seventh in the American League (AL) with a record of 59 wins and 90 losses. Including spring training, the team had five different managers during the season. The team played its home games at Huntington Avenue Grounds.

1921 Chicago Cubs season

The 1921 Chicago Cubs season was the 50th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 46th in the National League and the 6th at Wrigley Field (then known as "Cubs Park"). The Cubs finished seventh in the National League with a record of 64–89.

1922 Chicago Cubs season

The 1922 Chicago Cubs season was the 51st season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 47th in the National League and the 7th at Wrigley Field (then known as "Cubs Park"). The Cubs finished fifth in the National League with a record of 80–74.

Buck Freeman (pitcher)

Alexander Vernon "Buck" Freeman (July 5, 1896 – February 21, 1953) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher who played for the Chicago Cubs in 1921 and 1922.

Cy Young's perfect game

Cy Young, pitcher for the Boston Americans, pitched a perfect game against the Philadelphia Athletics by retiring all 27 batters he faced on Thursday, May 5, 1904. This event took place in the Huntington Avenue Grounds in Boston, Massachusetts, in front of 10,267 fans in attendance.

After Athletics' pitcher Rube Waddell defeated Young on April 25 and one-hit Boston on May 2, Waddell taunted Young to face him so that he could repeat his performance against Boston's ace. Three days later, Young pitched a perfect game against Waddell and the Athletics. The third perfect game in Major League Baseball history, Young's perfect game was the first in baseball's modern era and in American League history.

John Anderson (outfielder)

John Joseph Anderson (December 14, 1873 – July 23, 1949), also nicknamed "Honest John" was a Norwegian-born American professional baseball first baseman and outfielder. He played fourteen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Brooklyn Grooms/Bridegrooms, Washington Senators, Brooklyn Bridegrooms/Superbas, Milwaukee Brewers/St. Louis Browns, New York Highlanders, Washington Senators, and Chicago White Sox between 1894 and 1908.Anderson was the first of only three Major League baseball players to have been born in Norway. He first appeared in the National League in 1894, when he signed with the Brooklyn Grooms. He spent the next three full seasons with Brooklyn and was primarily used as an outfielder, and batted over .300 in both 1896 and 1897.

During the 1898 season, he was sold to the Washington Senators, only to be sold back to Brooklyn four months later. Nevertheless, he managed to have one of his best seasons, leading the National League with 22 triples and also leading the league in slugging percentage and extra-base hits. Anderson stayed in Brooklyn for the 1899 before being purchased by the Milwaukee Brewers of the newly formed American League.

Anderson was one of the league's best hitters in the AL's first year as a Major League in 1901. (In 1900, the American League was still considered a minor league.) As the Brewers' first baseman, he finished second in the league in base hits and doubles, trailing only Nap Lajoie in both categories, ranked third in runs batted in behind Lajoie and Buck Freeman, and was sixth in the league with a .330 average.

He stayed with the franchise when it relocated to St. Louis in 1902 to become the Browns. He played two seasons in St. Louis and recorded virtually identical .284 batting averages in those years.

On September 24, 1903, Anderson tried to steal second base when the base was already occupied. This particular mistake was often referred to as a "John Anderson play" in the early part of the century [1]

Anderson was dealt to the New York Highlanders before the 1904 season in exchange for Jack O'Connor. He played one full season in New York and batted .278 with the club. He started the 1905 season in New York but was waived after a slow start. The Washington Senators (officially a different franchise from the team he played for in 1898) claimed him off of waivers, and he recovered to bat .279 on the season, good enough for ninth in the AL in the midst of the dead-ball era.

He remained in Washington for the next two seasons. In 1906, Anderson tied for the American League lead in stolen bases with Elmer Flick. He left Washington after his contract was purchased by the Chicago White Sox for the 1908 season. Late that season, when the White Sox faced the Cleveland Naps with both involved in a tight pennant race, Anderson would prove to be the last out in the second ever perfect game in MLB's modern era, pitched by Addie Joss in a tight pitching duel that also saw Anderson's future Hall of Fame team mate Ed Walsh strikeout 15 and allow only one run. Anderson retired from the Major Leagues at the conclusion of the 1908 season.

Anderson retired with a .290 career average, 49 home runs, and 976 runs batted in. He also finished his career with 124 triples, currently tying him for 90th place all-time in that category.

He died at the age of 75 in Worcester, Massachusetts.

John Freeman

John Freeman may refer to:

John D. Freeman (died 1886), U.S. Representative from Mississippi

John Freeman (VC) (1832–1913), British Army soldier, Victoria Cross recipient

John Bailey Freeman (1835–1890), Canadian politician

John Ripley Freeman (1855–1932), American civil engineer

Buck Freeman (John Frank Freeman, 1871–1949), American baseball player

John Freeman (poet) (1880–1929), English poet

John Freeman (cricketer) (1883–1958), English cricketer

John Freeman (Australian politician) (1894–1970), Australian politician

John Freeman (baseball) (1901–1958), American baseball player

John Freeman (1903–1950), pseudonymous author of essay "Can Socialists Be Happy?", now attributed to George Orwell

John Freeman (1915–2014), British politician, broadcaster and television presenter

John Freeman (animator) (1916–2010), American character animator for Disney, Marvel Studios and others

John M. Freeman (1933–2014), American pediatric neurologist

John Freeman (rugby) (1934–2017), Welsh rugby union and professional rugby league footballer

John Freeman (editor) (born 1943), British writer and editor

John Freeman (diplomat) (born 1951), British diplomat, Governor of Turks and Caicos Islands

John Freeman (Wyoming politician) (born 1954), member of the Wyoming House of Representatives

John Craig Freeman (born 1959), artist and professor of new media

John Freeman (author) (born 1974), American literary critic and former editor of Granta

John Freeman, owner of defunct British cabin cruiser company Freeman Cruisers

List of Major League Baseball single-season triples leaders

Below is the list of 112 instances in which Major League Baseball players have hit 20 or more triples in a single season. Active players are in bold.

List of Major League Baseball triples records

There are various Major League Baseball records for triples.

St. John's Red Storm men's basketball

The St. John's Red Storm men's basketball team represents the St. John's University in Queens, New York. The team participates in the Big East Conference. As of the end of the 2018-19 season, St. John's has 1,900 total wins, which put them at #6 on the List of teams with the most victories in NCAA Division I men's college basketball. Starting in the 2019-20 season, St. John's will be coached by Mike Anderson.

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