Buck Ewing

William "Buck" Ewing (October 17, 1859 – October 20, 1906) was an American Major League Baseball player and manager. He was the first 19th-century catcher elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame and was named one of the top five 19th-century players in a 1999 poll by the Society for American Baseball Research.

Buck Ewing
BuckEwing.jpeg
Catcher / Infielder / Outfielder / Manager
Born: October 17, 1859
Hoagland, Ohio
Died: October 20, 1906 (aged 47)
Cincinnati, Ohio
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 9, 1880, for the Troy Trojans
Last MLB appearance
May 27, 1897, for the Cincinnati Reds
MLB statistics
Batting average.303
Home runs71
Runs batted in883
Teams
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1939
Election MethodVeteran's Committee

Biography

Born in Hoagland, Ohio, Ewing joined the National League in 1880 as a member of the Troy Trojans, but rose to stardom in 1883 as a member of the New York Gothams, later known as the Giants. That year he would hit 10 home runs (a feat he would never repeat), while batting .303. Playing in an era when triples were more common than home runs due to the spacious parks and poor quality of the balls used, he led the league in 1884 with 20 triples, and was often among the league leaders.

1887BuckEwing
Buck Ewing in 1887, notice the lack of glove

Ewing was equally renowned for his defensive abilities. Writing in the 1938 Spalding Guide, John Foster said of him, "As a thrower to bases Ewing never had a superior, and there are not to exceed ten men who could come anywhere near being equal to him. Ewing was the man of whom it was said, "He handed the ball to the second baseman from the batter's box." Primarily a catcher, Ewing was versatile enough to play all nine positions and fast enough to steal 354 bases. He hit .300 in ten different seasons.

Playing until 1897 with the Giants, Cleveland Spiders and Cincinnati Reds, Ewing posted consistently superb offensive numbers. Arguably his best season was in 1893 with the Spiders when he batted .344 with 6 home runs, 122 RBI, 47 stolen bases and 117 runs.

In 1890, when a player revolt led to the formation of the short-lived Players' League, Ewing led the New York franchise as both star player and manager. Lingering resentment in the wake of the league's establishment and demise has often been suspected as a reason for his limited play in 1891 and subsequent move to Cleveland following the 1892 season. Ewing finished his career with a .303 lifetime batting average, 71 home runs, 883 RBI, 1129 runs, 250 doubles and 178 triples – totals made more impressive by the fact he was playing annual seasons only 100-130 games long.

In addition to playing, Ewing managed for seven seasons: the 1890 (Players' League) Giants, the 1895–1899 Cincinnati Reds and the first half of the season with the 1900 Giants. He compiled a 489-395 record for a .553 winning percentage. Ewing also as used as an American Association umpire for two games on June 28 and July 4, 1882.[1]

Ewing died of diabetes in Cincinnati.

Legacy

In the first elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame, he and Cap Anson led all 19th century players. Three years later, in 1939, they were among the first 19th century players elected and Ewing became the first member who was primarily a catcher. He was named one of the top five players from the 19th century in a 1999 poll by the Society for American Baseball Research.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Retrosheet
  2. ^ "Ruth, Gehrig voted century's best". Associated Press. June 4, 1999. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2014 – via HighBeam. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)

External links

1882 Troy Trojans season

The 1882 season was to be the last for the Troy Trojans. The team finished at 35–48, in seventh place in the National League, and were disbanded after the season.

1884 New York Gothams season

The 1884 New York Gothams season was the second season of that baseball franchise, eventually known as the San Francisco Giants. The team finished in fourth place, 22 games behind the pennant-winning Providence Grays.

1885 New York Giants season

The 1885 New York Giants season was the franchise's 3rd season. The team finished in second place, 2 games behind the Chicago White Stockings.

1888 New York Giants season

The 1888 New York Giants season was the franchise's 6th season.

Claiming six future Hall of Famers (Roger Connor, Mickey Welch, Buck Ewing, Tim Keefe, Jim O'Rourke, and John Montgomery Ward), the team won the National League pennant by nine games and defeated the St. Louis Browns in the "World's Championship."

Keefe led the league in several major statistical categories, including wins, winning percentage, strikeouts, and earned run average.

1889 New York Giants season

The 1889 New York Giants season was the franchise's 7th season. The team finished first in the National League with a record of 83–43. They beat the Boston Beneaters by just one game. The Beaneaters won the same number of games as the Giants, but lost two more games, giving the pennant to the Giants. The Giants went on to face the American Association champion Brooklyn Bridegrooms in the 1889 World Series, winning six games to three. The series marked the very first meeting between the Giants and the team that would become the Dodgers, a rivalry that continues to this day.

1890 New York Giants (PL) season

The 1890 New York Giants baseball team was a member of the short lived Players' League. They compiled a 74–57 record, good for third place, eight games behind the league champion Boston Reds. After the season, the league folded, and the Giants were bought out by their National League counterpart. The Giants were the original tenants of the Polo Grounds stadium that afterwards was occupied by the National League's New York Giants for 66 years.

1895 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1895 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The Reds finished in eighth place in the National League with 66 wins and 64 losses, 21 games behind the Baltimore Orioles.

1896 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1896 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished in third place in the National League with a record of 77–50, 12 games behind the Baltimore Orioles.

1897 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1897 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished in fourth place in the National League with a record of 76–56, 17 games behind the Boston Beaneaters.

1898 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1898 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished in third place in the National League with a record of 92–60, 11.5 games behind the Boston Beaneaters.

1899 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1899 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished in sixth place in the National League with a record of 83–67, 16 games behind the Brooklyn Superbas.

1900 New York Giants season

The 1900 New York Giants season was the franchise's 18th season. The team finished in eighth place, last, in the National League with a 60-78 record, 23 games behind the Brooklyn Superbas.

Bill Phillips (pitcher)

William Corcoran Phillips (November 9, 1868 – October 25, 1941), nicknamed "Whoa Bill" or "Silver Bill", was an American right-handed pitcher and manager in Major League Baseball.

Born in Allenport, Pennsylvania, Phillips is best remembered for managing the 1914 Indianapolis Hoosiers to the Federal League pennant. His top hitter was Benny Kauff and the top pitcher was Cy Falkenberg. Later he and Bill McKechnie managed the Newark Pepper, finishing the 1915 season fifth in the Federal League.

At the age of 21, Phillips broke into the big leagues on August 11, 1890, playing his first 10 games for the Pittsburgh Alleghenys. As a player, he pitched for seven seasons in the majors. In 1895 he came back to play 18 more games for the Cincinnati Reds. In 1899 he went 17–9 on a team that featured 19-year-old rookie Sam Crawford and manager Buck Ewing. Phillips played for the Reds from 1899 to 1903, playing his last game on September 22. He died at age 72 in Charleroi, Pennsylvania, and was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Fayette City, Pennsylvania.

Fred Ewing

Fred E. "Buck" Ewing (c. 1882 – 1968) was an American football coach and physician. He coached the University of Oklahoma during the 1904 season and amassed a 4–3–1 record. He was the first Oklahoma football coach to require players to be academically eligible. Ewing coached Oklahoma in its first meeting against Oklahoma State University.

Jim Mutrie

James J. Mutrie (June 13, 1851 – January 24, 1938) was an American baseball pioneer who was the co-founder and first manager of both the original New York Metropolitans and the New York Giants. His career winning percentage of .611 was a 19th-century record, and remains the second highest by any major league manager with at least 500 wins, trailing only Joe McCarthy's mark of .615.

Mutrie, nicknamed "Smilin' Jeems" and "Truthful Jim", was born in Chelsea, Massachusetts, and grew up playing cricket, first playing baseball at age 16. He played in the minor leagues from 1877 to 1879. In 1880 he moved from New England to New York, where he obtained financial backing from August Belmont and John B. Day to start the independent New York Metropolitans. At the end of the 1882 season, Day and Mutrie accepted offers from both the American Association and the National League to enter a New York team; they met their double commitment by entering the Mets in the American Association, and acquiring most of the players from the Troy Trojans to form the New York Gothams for the National League.

Mutrie managed the Metropolitans in 1883 and 1884, leading them to the 1884 World Series the latter year. In 1885, he switched to managing the Gothams, and is credited with giving them their nickname, the Giants. With star players such as Buck Ewing, Tim Keefe and Roger Connor, the Giants won National League pennants and World Series titles under Mutrie in 1888 and 1889. Ewing, Keefe and many other players defected to the Players' League's New York Giants in 1890, and the National League Giants under Mutrie slumped to sixth and then third place. When the Giants were reorganized after the 1891 season under new ownership, Mutrie was not retained as manager.

After leaving baseball, Mutrie operated a hotel in Elmira, New York and a newsstand on Staten Island. He died of cancer on Roosevelt Island in New York City at age 86.

John Ewing (baseball)

John Ewing (June 1, 1863 – April 23, 1895), nicknamed "Long John", was an American professional baseball player. He was a pitcher over four seasons (1888–1891) with the Louisville Colonels, New York Giants of the Players' League, and New York Giants of the National League. Prior to that he was an outfielder in 1883 and 1884. In six years in the major leagues, Ewing played in four different leagues (National League, Union Association, American Association, Players' League).

Ewing compiled a 53–63 career record in 129 appearances, with a 3.68 earned run average and 525 strikeouts. In 1891 he led the National League in ERA (a retroactive ranking; ERA was not tabulated in that era) while playing for New York.

Ewing was used as a first base umpire in an American Association game on August 15, 1889.He was the brother of Hall of Fame catcher and infielder Buck Ewing. The brothers played on the same team for two seasons, and Buck managed the 1890 Giants team for which John pitched.

Ewing was born in Cincinnati and died in Denver, Colorado at the age of 31.

New York Giants (PL)

In 1890, the short-lived Players' League included a team called the New York Giants. This baseball team was managed by Hall of Famer Buck Ewing, and they finished third with a record of 74-57. Besides Ewing, who was also a catcher on this team, the roster several former members of the National League New York Giants, such as Hall of Famers Roger Connor, Jim O'Rourke, Hank O'Day, and Tim Keefe. The team played its home games at the Polo Grounds.After the season, their owner, Edward Talcott, bought a minority stake in the National League Giants—in effect, merging the two clubs.

Troy Trojans (MLB team)

The Troy Trojans were a Major League Baseball team in the National League for four seasons from 1879 to 1882. Their home games were played at Putnam Grounds (1879) and Haymakers' Grounds (1880–1881) in the upstate New York city of Troy, and at Troy Ball Clubs Grounds (1882) across the Hudson in Watervliet, or "West Troy" as it was known at the time.

Overall, the franchise won 131 games and lost 194. The Trojans, along with the Worcester NL team, were expelled from the league shortly before the end of the 1882 season, as Troy and Worcester were seen as too small for the league's ambitions, but were encouraged to play out the rest of their seasons as lame-duck teams.

On September 28, 1882, only six fans appeared to watch Worcester host the Trojans in the second-to-last game of the season, then only 25 arrived for the last game between the two teams. Among games that have had at least one paying attendee, the attendance figure of six is the lowest attendance ever recorded at a Major League baseball game. In 1883 the New York Gothams, later known as the Giants, took the Trojans' former slot in the National League. Four of the original Gotham players were former members of the disbanded Trojans, including three Hall of Famers: Buck Ewing, Roger Connor and Mickey Welch.

A previous team named the Union Base Ball Club Lansingburgh was organized in 1860, the successor to the Victories of Troy, and was a member of the National Association of Base Ball Players. That team was given the nickname Haymakers by a defeated New York City team.Notable players for the Trojans included Hall of Famers Dan Brouthers, Connor, Ewing, Tim Keefe, and Welch.

Another Troy Trojans minor league team continued play until at least 1916.

William Ewing

William Ewing may refer to:

William Lee D. Ewing (1795–1846), U.S. Senator from Illinois

William Maurice Ewing (1906–1974), American geophysicist and oceanographer

Buck Ewing (William Ewing, 1859–1906), American baseball player

William L. Ewing (1843–1905), U.S. politician

William H. Ewing (1841–1924), American physician and politician in the Virginia House of Delegates

Bill Ewing, American director and producer

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