Bruno Premiani

Giordano Bruno Premiani (January 4, 1907 – August 17, 1984)[1] was an Italian illustrator known for his work for several American comic book publishers, particularly DC Comics. With writer Arnold Drake, he co-created that company's superhero team the Doom Patrol.

Bruno Premiani
BornGiordano Bruno Premiani
January 4, 1907
Trieste, Austria-Hungary (now Italy)
DiedAugust 17, 1984 (aged 77)
NationalityItalian
Notable works
The Doom Patrol

Biography

Early life and career

The son of a Slovenian Imperial Railway employee and an Italian mother, Bruno Premiani was born in Trieste, in what was then Austria-Hungary. It became part of Italy by the time Premiami studied at the city's arts and crafts high school from 1921 to 1925.[1] He became a political cartoonist in his maturity, and was expelled from the country for his anti-Benito Mussolini work. He emigrated to Argentina in 1930, but where he worked for the Agencia Wisner advertising agency and the daily newspaper Crítica, for which he did the 1932-1940 educational comic section "Seen and Heard". Italy's Fascist government during this time kept track of Premiani's Critica work, and decreed he would be arrested if he returned to Italy. Premiani did return to attend his mother's funeral in 1950, years after the Fascist regime had toppled.[1]

Through the 1940s, Premiani drew for such Argentine publications as Léoplan and the children's magazine Billiken. In 1947, he began illustrating "Patoruzito Classics" comics-adaptations of literary works for comics artist Dante Quinterno's 1945 Patoruzito comic book.[1] However, as he had with Mussolini, Premiani similarly ran afoul of Juan Perón.[2]

DC Comics

Moving to the United States, where he lived from 1948 to 1952,[1] Premiani found work with DC Comics, beginning as penciler-inker of the four-page Gantry Daniels biography "The Sun-Born Mountain Man" in World's Finest Comics #42 (cover-dated Oct. 1949). Comic book creators were not routinely given credits during this era, and historians have tentatively identified Premiani art in a number of Prize Comics titles, starting with the eight-page "Love-Sick Weakling" in Western Love #2 (Oct. 1949).[3]

For DC, Premiani penciled and generally also inked his own work for such features as "Johnny Peril" in All-Star Comics #52 (May 1950), and "Pow-Wow Smith, Indian Lawman" in Detective Comics #163 (Sept. 1950). He then became regular artist for the American Revolution-era frontiersman hero Tomahawk after that character's feature in Star-Spangled Comics was awarded its own title, beginning with Tomahawk #1 (Oct. 1950). Premiani published two more stories in Prize Comics' horror title Black Magic before devoting himself almost exclusively to Tomahawk, drawing the hero's six- to eight-page stories in all but two issues (#27, #30) in a run through issue #36 (Nov. 1955). He also drew Tomahawk stories in World's Finest Comics #73-75 & 79 (Dec. 1954 - April 1955 & Dec. 1955).[3]

As well this decade, Premiani was the author of the illustrated book El Caballo, published in 1957, a source of information about the anatomy and history of the horse for artists.[4]

With writer France Herron, Premiani co-created Cave Carson, a spelunker/geologist adventurer, in The Brave and the Bold #31 (Sept. 1960).[3]

Doom Patrol

Premiani most notably drew the original incarnations of the Doom Patrol in 1963 and the Teen Titans in 1964, both series being cult favorites that have survived in one form or another, if sporadically, since their original creation for the DC Comics universe. In the case of the former superhero team, editor Murray Boltinoff had asked writer Arnold Drake to develop a feature to run in the anthology series My Greatest Adventure. Given the assignment on a Friday with a script due that Tuesday, Drake conceived what would become the Doom Patrol, and turned to another DC writer, Bob Haney, to co-plot and co-script the first adventure.[2] Premiani designed the characters.[2] Drake would subsequently script every Doom Patrol story, with Premiani drawing virtually all, from the team's debut in My Greatest Adventure #80 (June 1963) through the series retitling to The Doom Patrol with issue #86 (March 1964), to the final issue of its initial run, #121 (Oct. 1968).[5] Premiani and Boltinoff appeared as themselves in that final story, discussing the impending demise of the team.[6]

In 2001, Drake wrote of the search for a Doom Patrol illustrator, saying that Boltinoff's regular artists

...were all busy. That meant the DP would get some backup artist. So 'pessimism' was the password when Murray brought in a very lean, eagle-beaked, lantern-jawed guy with eyeglass lenses even thicker than mine: Bruno Premiani. But his superb draftsmanship, anatomy and design work turned my prejudice to dust. Still, could he give the DP the unique quality it needed — a quality I couldn't define myself? Bruno's first penciled pages told me we had truly lucked out. What he had recognized was that these super-heroes must be as human as possible. He captured that spirit from page one and sustained it for 42 issues: fabulous powers and fantastic enemies notwithstanding, The Chief, Rita, Larry and Cliff remained real people.[7]

Premiani drew proto-teamings of the as-yet-unnamed Teen Titans beginning with the Kid Flash-Aqualad-Robin adventure "The Thousand-and-One Dooms of Mr. Twister" in The Brave and the Bold #54 (July 1964).[3][8]

Additionally, in the early 1960s, Premiani freelanced for the Gilberton Company's Classics Illustrated, Classics Illustrated Special Issue, and World Around Us series. His major project was the painted cover and complete interior art for Classics Illustrated No. 156, The Conquest of Mexico (May 1960), based on Bernal Diaz del Castillo's eyewitness account of the fall of the Aztec empire. In addition, he contributed sections to two Special Issues, The Atomic Age (June 1960) and The United Nations (1964). Most of Premiani's work for Gilberton was for the educational World Around Us line, for which he provided chapters in The Crusades (December 1959), Festivals (January 1960), Great Scientists (February 1960), Communications (April 1960), Whaling (December 1960), and The Vikings (January 1961).[9]

Later career and death

Premiani's last known original comics story was the three-and-a-half-page "Please Let Me Die", written by Dave Wood, in The Unexpected #126 (Aug. 1971).[3]

Premiani died in Argentina, on August 17, 1984.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Bruno Premiani at the Lambiek Comiclopedia, which notes, "Most American sources list his birth year as 1924, but Italian police records mention 4 January 1907." WebCitation archive.
  2. ^ a b c Guay, George. "The Life and Death of The Doom Patrol", Amazing Heroes, #6, November 1981, Zam, Inc., Stamford, Connecticut, p. 39.
  3. ^ a b c d e Bruno Premiani at the Grand Comics Database
  4. ^ Dayton, Robert. "Bruno Premiani – The Doom Patrol’s Original, Underrated Artist", GuttersnipeNews.com, April 14, 2009. WebCitation archive.
  5. ^ "The Doom Patrol Index", Amazing Heroes #6, November 1981, pp. 50-54
  6. ^ Guay, p. 46
  7. ^ Drake, Arnold. The Doom Patrol Archives, Volume 1, Foreword (DC Comics 2002), ISBN 978-1-56389-795-5
  8. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1960s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. They were never given a team name when scribe Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani spun them against Mister Twister. However, this first team-up of Robin, Kid Flash, and Aqualad came to be classically regarded as the inaugural story of the Teen Titans.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  9. ^ William B. Jones Jr., Classics Illustrated: A Cultural History, with Illustrations (Jefferson, NC, and London: McFarland, 2002), p. 158.
Animal-Vegetable-Mineral Man

Animal-Vegetable-Mineral Man is a fictional supervillain from the DC Universe and a foe of the original Doom Patrol.

Bob Haney

Robert G. Haney (March 15, 1926 – November 25, 2004) was an American comic book writer, best known for his work for DC Comics. He co-created the Teen Titans as well as characters such as Metamorpho, Eclipso, Cain, and the Super-Sons.

Cave Carson

Calvin "Cave" Carson is a fictional character that appeared in stories published by DC Comics. Carson, a spelunker, first appeared in Brave and the Bold #31 (September 1960); he was created by France Herron and Bruno Premiani.

Crestwood Publications

Crestwood Publications, also known as Feature Publications, was a magazine publisher that also published comic books from the 1940s through the 1960s. Its title Prize Comics contained what is considered the first ongoing horror comic-book feature, Dick Briefer's "Frankenstein". Crestwood is best known for its Prize Group imprint, published in the late 1940s to mid-1950s through packagers Joe Simon and Jack Kirby, who created such historically prominent titles as the horror comic Black Magic, the creator-owned superhero satire Fighting American, and the first romance comic title, Young Romance.

For much of its history, Crestwood's publishers were Teddy Epstein and Mike Bleier. In the 1940s the company's general manager was Maurice Rosenfeld, and in the 1950s the general manager was M.R. Reese. In the mid-1950s, the company office manager was Nevin Fidler (who later became Simon & Kirby's business manager).

In addition to Simon and Kirby, notable Crestwood/Prize contributors included Leonard Starr, Mort Meskin, Joe Maneely, John Severin, Will Elder, Carmine Infantino, Bruno Premiani, Dick Ayers, George Klein, Jack Abel, Ed Winiarski, and Dick Briefer.

Donna Troy

Donna Troy is a comic book superheroine published by DC Comics. She first appeared in The Brave and the Bold vol. 1 #60 (July 1965), and was created by Bob Haney and Bruno Premiani. She has been known as the original Wonder Girl, and Troia.

In May 2011, Donna Troy placed 93rd on IGN's Top 100 Comic Book Heroes of All Time.

Donna Troy has appeared in numerous cartoon television shows and films. She appeared in her first live adaptation on the Titans television series for the new DC Universe streaming service played by Conor Leslie.

Doom Patrol

The Doom Patrol is a superhero team appearing in publications from DC Comics. The original Doom Patrol first appeared in My Greatest Adventure #80 (June 1963), and was created by writers Arnold Drake and Bob Haney, and artist Bruno Premiani. The Doom Patrol has since appeared in multiple incarnations.

The first Doom Patrol consisted of super-powered misfits whose "gifts" caused them alienation and trauma. Dubbed the "World's Strangest Heroes" (an epithet conceived by editor Murray Boltinoff,) the original team included The Chief (Niles Caulder), Robotman (Cliff Steele), Elasti-Girl (Rita Farr), and Negative Man (Larry Trainor). The team remained the featured characters of My Greatest Adventure, which was soon retitled Doom Patrol from issue #86 (March 1964) onwards. The original series was canceled in 1968 when Drake killed the team off in the final issue, Doom Patrol #121 (September–October 1968). Since then, there have been six Doom Patrol series, with Robotman as the only character to appear in all of them.

Doom Patrol (TV series)

Doom Patrol is an American web television series based on the DC Comics superhero team Doom Patrol created by Arnold Drake, Bob Haney, and Bruno Premiani that premiered on February 15, 2019 and consists of 15 episodes, on DC Universe. It is a spin-off of Titans, with April Bowlby, Brendan Fraser and Matt Bomer reprising their roles, as well as Diane Guerrero, Alan Tudyk, Joivan Wade and Timothy Dalton joining the cast. Filming began in Georgia in late August 2018.

Elasti-Girl

Elasti-Girl (also known as Elasti-Woman) is a fictional comic book superheroine appearing in books published by DC Comics, primarily as a member of the Doom Patrol. Created by writer Arnold Drake and artist Bruno Premiani, the character first appeared in My Greatest Adventure #80 (June 1963).

Elasti-Girl has appeared in numerous cartoon television shows and films. Rita Farr made her first live-action appearance as a guest star on the DC Universe series, Titans, played by April Bowlby. She is also a main cast member on its spin-off series, Doom Patrol.

Garguax

Garguax is a fictional supervillain in the DC Comics universe.

General Immortus

General Immortus is a fictional character, a DC Comics supervillain. He has also been known to be called "The Forever Soldier" or "The Forever General".

List of Teen Titans episodes

Teen Titans is an American animated television series based on the DC comics series of the same name by Bob Haney and Bruno Premiani. Developed by David Slack for Cartoon Network, the series was produced by DC Entertainment and Warner Bros. Animation with Sander Schwartz serving as executive producer and Glen Murakami, Bruce Timm, and Linda M. Steiner signing on as producers. The series follows the adventures of a team of crime-fighting teenaged superheroes, consisting of the leader Robin (voiced by Scott Menville), foreign alien princess Starfire (voiced by Hynden Walch), the technological genius Cyborg (voiced by Khary Payton), the dark sorceress Raven (voiced by Tara Strong), and the green shapeshifter Beast Boy (voiced by Greg Cipes).

Inspired by the success of the DC Comics based series Justice League, the series was created in a semi-serialized format, utilizing anime styles and mixing it with American style animation. The show was greenlit in September 2002 and began airing on Cartoon Network on July 19, 2003, and on Kids' WB network on November 1, 2003. The series lasted five seasons, each consisting of 13 episodes, with the 65th and final episode airing on January 16, 2006. The series was concluded with a television movie titled Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo on September 15, 2006. Each season has a story arc revolving around a main character: Robin (season one), Terra (season two), Cyborg (season three), Raven (season four), and Beast Boy (season five). The series's alternative network, Kids' WB, aired two seasons of the show. All five seasons of the series were released on DVD, starting with the first season on February 7, 2006 and ending with the fifth season on July 22, 2008. The first season was released on Blu-Ray Disc on January 23, 2018.Teen Titans has been critically acclaimed for its strong storylines and for its use of anime influences. The first season garnered strong ratings for Cartoon Network, which prompted the network to order 52 more episodes. The series was also nominated for 3 Annie Awards.

Mento (comics)

Mento is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.

Murray Boltinoff

Murray Boltinoff (January 3, 1911 – May 6, 1994 in Pompano Beach, Florida) was a writer and editor of comic books, who worked for DC Comics from the 1940s to the 1980s, in which role he edited over 50 different comic book series.

My Greatest Adventure

My Greatest Adventure was a DC Comics comic book that began in 1955 and is best known for introducing the superhero team Doom Patrol.

Negative Man

Negative Man is a fictional superhero from DC Comics. The character was created by Bob Haney, Arnold Drake, and Bruno Premiani and made his first appearance in My Greatest Adventure #80 (June 1963).

Negative Man has appeared in numerous cartoon television shows and films. He made his first live-action appearance as a guest star on the DC Universe series, Titans, played by Dwain Murphy and voiced by Matt Bomer. He is a main cast member on the spin-off series, Doom Patrol, with Matthew Zuk taking over the role from Murphy. Zuk portrays Negative Man's physical form, while Bomer lends his voice to the character and portrays Larry Trainor in flashbacks.

Paul Pope

Paul Pope (born September 25, 1970) is an American alternative comic book writer/artist. Pope describes his own influences (listed in his book P-City Parade) as Daniel Torres, Bruno Premiani, Jack Kirby, Alex Toth, Tony Salmons, Hugo Pratt, Silvio Cadelo, Vittorio Giardino, and Hergé.

Star Publications

Star Publications, Inc. was a Golden Age American comic book publisher, operating during the years 1949–1954. Founded by artist/editor L.B. Cole and lawyer Gerhard Kramer, Star specialized in horror comics, crime, and romance comics — but also published funny animal stories. Star was originally based in New York City before relocating to Buffalo, New York.

Notable creators who contributed to Star Publications titles included Nina Albright, Tex Blaisdell, Frank Frazetta, Milt Hammer, Alvin Hollingsworth, Joe Kubert, Pat Masulli, and Wally Wood. Co-owner Cole contributed many of his distinctive cover illustrations. Bruno Premiani worked as an editor at the company.

Teen Titans (season 2)

The second season of the animated television series Teen Titans, based on the DC comics series of the same time by Bob Haney and Bruno Premiani, originally aired on Cartoon Network in the United States. Developed by television writer David Slack, the series was produced by DC Entertainment and Warner Bros. Animation. The series focuses on a team of crime-fighting teenaged superheroes, consisting of the leader Robin, foreign alien princess Starfire, green shapeshifter Beast Boy, the dark sorceress Raven, and the technological genius Cyborg. The season focuses on a new character, Terra, a hero possessing the ability to move the earth while struggling to accept her boundaries and the Titans as her friends.

The season premiered on January 10, 2004 and ran until August 21, 2004, broadcasting 13 episodes. The season also aired on Kids' WB on later dates. The season re-aired on Kids' WB during the 2007–08 U.S. network television season on The CW for the final time, but instead airing episodes out of order.

Warner Bros. Home Video released the second season on DVD in the United States on September 12, 2006 and in Canada on September 26, 2006. Upon release of the season on DVD, the season received critical acclaim with the Terra story arc being singled out for praise.

Teen Titans (season 3)

The third season of the animated television series Teen Titans, based on the DC comics series of the same time by Bob Haney and Bruno Premiani, originally aired on Cartoon Network in the United States. Developed by television writer David Slack, the series was produced by DC Entertainment and Warner Bros. Animation. Sander Schwartz was tagged as the executive producer for the series. This marks the last season of Teen Titans being aired on The WB Television Network, from September 2005 to December 2005, skipping insignificant episodes. It also became the only season that The CW did not re-air during the 2007–08 U.S network television season, as the first two seasons of the series only re-aired on Kids' WB.

The series focuses on a team of crime-fighting teenaged superheroes, consisting of the leader Robin (voiced by Scott Menville), foreign alien princess Starfire, green shapeshifter Beast Boy, the dark sorceress Raven, and the technological genius Cyborg. The season focuses on Cyborg's difficulty accepting his own maturity, and his desire to lead his own team, which brings him into conflict with the Teen Titans. The season also focuses on his battles with the supervillain Brother Blood.

The season premiered on August 28, 2004 and ran until January 22, 2005 broadcasting 13 episodes. Warner Bros. Home Video released the third season on DVD in the United States and Canada on April 10, 2007. Despite receiving positive reviews, many critics agreed that the third season was inferior to its predecessor.

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