Brundage

Brundage may refer to:

1936 Summer Olympics

The 1936 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany. Berlin won the bid to host the Games over Barcelona, Spain, on 26 April 1931, at the 29th IOC Session in Barcelona (two years before the Nazis came to power). It marked the second and final time the International Olympic Committee gathered to vote in a city that was bidding to host those Games.

To outdo the Los Angeles games of 1932, Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler had a new 100,000-seat track and field stadium built, as well as six gymnasiums and many other smaller arenas. The games were the first to be televised, and radio broadcasts reached 41 countries. Filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl was commissioned by the German Olympic Committee to film the Games for $7 million. Her film, titled Olympia, pioneered many of the techniques now common in the filming of sports.

Hitler saw the Games as an opportunity to promote his government and ideals of racial supremacy and antisemitism, and the official Nazi party paper, the Völkischer Beobachter, wrote in the strongest terms that Jews should not be allowed to participate in the Games. When threatened with a boycott of the Games by other nations, Hitler appeared to allow athletes of other ethnicities from other countries to participate. However, German Jewish athletes were barred or prevented from taking part by a variety of methods and Jewish athletes from other countries seem to have been side-lined in order not to offend the Nazi regime.Total ticket revenues were 7.5 million Reichsmark, generating a profit of over one million ℛℳ. The official budget did not include outlays by the city of Berlin (which issued an itemized report detailing its costs of 16.5 million ℛℳ) or outlays of the German national government (which did not make its costs public, but is estimated to have spent US$30 million).Jesse Owens won four gold medals in the sprint and long jump events and became the most successful athlete to compete in Berlin while the host country was the most successful country overall with 89 medals total, with the United States coming in second with 56 medals. These were the final Olympics under the presidency of Henri de Baillet-Latour and the final Olympic Games for 12 years due to the disruption of the Second World War. The next Olympic Games were held in 1948 (the Winter in Switzerland and then the Summer in London).

1951 Pan American Games

The 1951 Pan American Games (the I Pan American Games) were held in Buenos Aires, Argentina between February 25 and March 9, 1951. The Pan American Games' origins were at the Games of the X Olympiad in Los Angeles, United States, where officials representing the National Olympic Committees of the Americas discussed the staging of an Olympic-style regional athletic competition for the athletes of the Americas.During the Pan American Exposition at Dallas in 1937, a limited sports program was staged. These included Athletics, Boxing, and Wrestling among others. This program was considered a success and a meeting of Olympic officials from the Americas was held.

At the Pan American Sports Conference held in 1940, it was decided to hold the 1st Pan American Games at Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1942. The Pan American Sports Committee was formed to govern the games. Avery Brundage was elected as the first President. However, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor brought much of the Americas into World War II, thus forcing the cancellation of the 1942 games.

A second conference was held in 1948. Avery Brundage was re-elected as the President of the PASC. It was decided that Buenos Aires would still host the 1st Pan American Games, this time in 1951.

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's pentathlon

The men's pentathlon was a track and field athletics event held as part of the Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the first time the event was held.

Avery Brundage

Avery Brundage (; September 28, 1887 – May 8, 1975) was the fifth President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), serving from 1952 to 1972. The only American to attain that position, Brundage is remembered as a zealous advocate of amateurism and for his involvement with the 1936 and 1972 Summer Olympics, both held in Germany.

Brundage was born in Detroit in 1887 to a working-class family. When he was five years old, his father moved his family to Chicago and subsequently abandoned his wife and children. Raised mostly by relatives, he attended the University of Illinois to study engineering and became a track star. He competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics, where he participated in the pentathlon and decathlon, but did not win any medals; both events were won by teammate Jim Thorpe. He won national championships in track three times between 1914 and 1918 and founded his own construction business. He earned his wealth from this company and from investments, and never accepted pay for his involvement in sports.

Following his retirement from athletics, Brundage became a sports administrator and rose rapidly through the ranks in United States sports groups. As leader of America's Olympic organizations, he fought zealously against a boycott of the 1936 Summer Olympics, which had been awarded to Germany before the rise of the Nazi Germany and its subsequent, escalating persecution of Jews. Brundage successfully prevented a US boycott of the Games, and he was elected to the IOC that year. He quickly became a major figure in the Olympic movement and was elected IOC president in 1952.

As President of the American Olympic Committee, Brundage fought strongly for amateurism and against the commercialization of the Olympic Games, even as these stands came to be seen as incongruous with the realities of modern sports. The advent of the state-sponsored athlete of the Eastern Bloc countries further eroded the ideology of the pure amateur, as it put self-financed amateurs of the Western countries at a disadvantage. 1972 Summer Olympics at Munich, Germany were his final Games as president of the IOC. The event was marred by tragedy and controversy. Eleven Israeli team members were murdered by Palestinian terrorists. At the memorial service, Brundage decried the politicization of sports and refused to cancel the remainder of the Olympics, declaring "the Games must go on". Although Brundage's statement was applauded by those in attendance, his decision to continue the Games has since been harshly criticized, and his actions in 1936 and 1972 were seen as evidence of anti-Semitism. In retirement, Brundage married his second wife, a German princess. He died in 1975 at age 87.

Brundage, Texas

Brundage is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Dimmit County, Texas, United States. The population was 27 at the 2010 census.

Brundage Mountain

Brundage Mountain Resort is an alpine ski area in the western United States, located in west central Idaho in the Payette National Forest. Brundage first opened 58 years ago in November 1961 and is 8 miles (13 km) northwest of McCall, a twenty-minute drive in average winter conditions.

The summit elevation of Brundage is 7,640 feet (2,330 m) above sea level, with an overall vertical drop of 1,800 feet (550 m). Five chairlifts serve the 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) of primarily west-facing terrain, overlooking New Meadows, Adams County, and past the Snake River into eastern Oregon. The area's annual snowfall is 300–350 inches (760–890 cm). The summit of Brundage Mountain straddles the county line with Valley County to the east, in which McCall lies.

Brundage also offers backcountry powder skiing on 19,000 acres (30 sq mi; 77 km2) of terrain north of the lift-served ski area, serviced by snow cats. Half-day, full-day, and two-day trips are available to areas including Granite Mountain at 8,478 ft (2,584 m) and Slab Mountain at 8,225 feet (2,507 m). The two-day trip spends the night in a mountain yurt. These areas are among the highest average snowfalls in the state.

Brundage is accessed from State Highway 55 via the turnoff to Goose Lake Road, four miles (6 km) west of central McCall. Goose Lake Road climbs slightly over 1000 vertical feet (300 m) in four miles (6 km) when it diverts to the ski area's parking lot, at an elevation of just over 6,000 feet (1,830 m).

During the summer months, Brundage has chairlift-served mountain biking on over 20 miles (32 km) of specially built single-track trails.

Dave Brundage

David Charles Brundage (born October 6, 1964 in Portland, Oregon) is an American professional baseball manager. In 2017, Brundage spent his first season as manager of the Sacramento River Cats, Triple-A affiliate of the San Francisco Giants.His debut season with Sacramento, his first in the Giants' organization, marked Brundage's 12th consecutive season as a manager at the Triple-A level and 20th year as a skipper in the minor leagues. Previously, he spent four seasons (2013–16) at the helm of the Lehigh Valley IronPigs in the Philadelphia Phillies' organization. He led the 2016 IronPigs to an 85–58 record, the second-best mark in Triple-A.Brundage attended McKay High School in Salem, Oregon, and Oregon State University. He was selected by the Phillies in the fourth round of the 1986 June draft but never reached the Major League level. Primarily an outfielder—although he appeared in 39 games as a pitcher—his playing career lasted for eight seasons in the Philadelphia and Seattle Mariners' organizations. He batted .275 with 683 hits and compiled a 1–5 won/lost mark on the mound with an earned run average of 3.83. Brundage threw and batted left-handed, stood 6 ft 3 in (1.91 m) tall and weighed 190 lb (86 kg).

His managerial career began in the Seattle organization in 1995 in the California League, but he has spent much of his career at higher levels of the minors, including six years at Double-A with Seattle affiliates in the Southern and Texas leagues, and 11 seasons at Triple-A with the Tacoma Rainiers (2006), Richmond/Gwinnett Braves (2007–12), and the IronPigs. His 2007 Richmond team won the International League championship. He also was Tacoma's batting coach from 1998–2000.

His 19-season win–loss record as a manager through 2016 was 1,371–1,315 (.510).

Edward J. Brundage

Edward Jackson Brundage (May 13, 1869 – January 20, 1934) was an American lawyer and politician.

Born in Campbell, New York, Brundage moved with his parents to Detroit, Michigan. He worked in a railroad office in Detroit, Michigan and then moved to Chicago, Illinois when the general office moved there. Brundage became chief clerk in 1888. He studied law and received his law degree from Chicago–Kent College of Law in 1893. Brundage served in the Illinois House of Representatives and was a Republican. In November 1904, Brundage was elected President of the Cook County Board of Commissioners and was reelected in 1906. In 1907, Brundage served as corporation counsel for the City of Chicago. From 1917 to 1925, Brundage served as Illinois Attorney General. Brundage committed suicide at his home in Lake Forest, Illinois, because of financial problems, by firing a bullet through his heart.

Frances Brundage

Frances Isabelle Lockwood Brundage (1854–1937) was an American illustrator best known for her depictions of attractive and endearing children on postcards, valentines, calendars, and other ephemera published by Raphael Tuck & Sons, Samuel Gabriel Company, and Saalfield Publishing. She received an education in art at an early age from her father, Rembrandt Lockwood. Her professional career in illustration began at seventeen when her father abandoned his family and she was forced to seek a livelihood.

In addition to ephemera, Brundage illustrated children's classics such as the novels of Louisa May Alcott, Johanna Spyri, and Robert Louis Stevenson, and traditional literary collections such as The Arabian Nights and the stories of King Arthur and Robin Hood. She was a prolific artist, and, in her late 60s, was producing as many as twenty books annually. Her work is highly collectible.

Jackson Brundage

Jackson Timothy Brundage (born January 21, 2001) is an American actor. He is best known for his portrayal of Jamie Scott on The CW's One Tree Hill, a role he held from 2008 until the series's conclusion in 2012. Brundage was in the Nick at Nite sitcom, See Dad Run starring Scott Baio which lasted from 2012 to 2015. He was the first voice of Foo in the Nickelodeon series Harvey Beaks before being replaced by Tom Robinson. He has performed in film, television, and voice over. He played Charlie Allan Smith in Lime Salted Love. He also voiced Pablo in Einstein Pals.

Jennifer Brundage

Jennifer Lynn Brundage (born June 27, 1973) is a former American softball player and Olympic champion, who is currently assistant softball coach for the Michigan Wolverines.

Lakeside Speedway

Lakeside Speedway is a dirt auto racing track located in Kansas City, Kansas. It features racing on a weekly basis from April to September in USRA Modified, USRA Stock Car, USRA B-Mod, Grand National and Factory Stock categories. Racing at the track is sanctioned by the United States Racing Association as part of the Summit Racing Equipment USRA Weekly Racing Series.

Margaret Brundage

Margaret Brundage, born Margaret Hedda Johnson (December 9, 1900 – April 9, 1976), was an American illustrator and painter who is remembered chiefly for having illustrated the pulp magazine Weird Tales. Working in pastels on illustration board, she created most of the covers for Weird Tales between 1933 and 1938.

Mathilde Brundage

Mathilde Brundage (September 22, 1859 – May 6, 1939) was an American actress. She appeared in 87 films between 1914 and 1928.

Also known as Bertha Brundage, she was born in Louisville, Kentucky. For much of her life, her family thwarted her desire to act on stage.Brundage's film debut came in The Crucible (1914); her last film was That's My Daddy (1928).On May 6, 1939, Brundage died in St. Mary's Hospital in Long Beach, California. She was survived by a sister and two brothers.

Percival Brundage

Percival Flack Brundage (2 April 1892 – 16 July 1979) was a director of the United States Office of Management and Budget from April 2, 1956 until March 17, 1958.

President of the International Olympic Committee

The President of the International Olympic Committee is head of the Executive Board that assumes the general overall responsibility for the administration of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the management of its affairs. The IOC Executive Board consists of the President, four Vice-Presidents and ten other IOC members; all of the board members are elected by the IOC Session, using a secret ballot, by a majority vote.

The IOC organizes the modern Olympic Games, held every two years, alternating summer and winter Games (each every four years). The IOC President holds the office for a term of eight years, renewable once for another four years, so would expect to lead the organization of at least two Summer Olympic Games and two Winter Olympic Games. If reelected, the President is expected to lead through three of each season Olympics.

See Dad Run

See Dad Run is an American sitcom television series that premiered on Nick at Nite on October 6, 2012. It stars Scott Baio, who also serves as an executive producer. On March 17, 2014, Nick at Nite confirmed that season three would be the last season.After a decade on television (doing a show of the same name as the actual show's title), actor David Hobbs (Scott Baio) becomes a stay-at-home dad so his soap-opera star wife (Alanna Ubach) can get back in the spotlight, but he quickly realizes that playing a dad on television is much different from the real thing. He has to take care of his three kids, Emily (Ryan Newman), Joe (Jackson Brundage) and Janie (Bailey Michelle Brown) with the help of his best friends, Marcus (Mark Curry) and Kevin (Ramy Youssef). In June 2014, Nickelodeon released See Dad Run: The Complete First Season as a manufacture-on-demand (MOD) release through Amazon.com in region 1.

Sex and gender roles in the Catholic Church

Sex and gender roles in the Roman Catholic Church have been the subject of both intrigue and controversy throughout the Church's history. The cultural influence of the Catholic Church has been vast, particularly upon western society. Christian concepts, introduced into evangelized societies worldwide by the Church, had a significant impact on established cultural views of sex and gender roles. Human sacrifice, slavery, infanticide and polygamy practiced by cultures such as those of the Roman Empire, Europe, Latin America and parts of Africa came to an end through Church evangelization efforts. Historians note that Catholic missionaries, popes and religious were among the leaders in campaigns against slavery, an institution that has existed in almost every culture and often included sexual slavery of women. Christianity affected the status of women in evangelized cultures like the Roman Empire by condemning infanticide (female infanticide was more common), divorce, incest, polygamy and marital infidelity of both men and women. Some critics say the Church and teachings by St. Paul, the Church Fathers and scholastic theologians perpetuated a notion that female inferiority was divinely ordained, even though official Church teaching considers women and men to be equal, different, and complementary.

Sexual practices of these cultures were affected by the Christian concept of male, female equality. The sexual act, according to the Church, is sacred within the context of the marital relationship that reflects a complete and lifelong mutual gift of a man and a woman, one that precludes the polygamy and concubinage common to cultures before the arrival of Christianity. The equality of men and women reflected in the Church teaching that the sexes are meant by divine design to be different and complementary, each having equal dignity and made in the image of God, was also a countercultural concept.

The Spaniard (film)

The Spaniard is a lost 1925 American drama silent film directed by Raoul Walsh, written by Juanita Savage and James T. O'Donohoe, and starring Ricardo Cortez, Jetta Goudal, Noah Beery, Sr., Mathilde Brundage, Renzo De Gardi and Emily Fitzroy. It was released on May 4, 1925, by Paramount Pictures.

W. Fitzhugh Brundage

William Fitzhugh Brundage (born 1959) is an American historian. He is the William B. Umstead Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the author of five books.

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