Bruce Fein

Bruce Fein (born March 12, 1947) is an American lawyer who specializes in constitutional and international law. Fein has written numerous articles on constitutional issues for The Washington Times,, The New York Times, The Huffington Post and Legal Times, and is active on civil liberties issues. He has worked for the American Enterprise Institute and the Heritage Foundation, both conservative think tanks, as an analyst and commentator.[1]

Fein is a principal in a government affairs and public relations firm, The Lichfield Group, in Washington, D.C..[2] He is also a resident scholar at the Turkish Coalition of America.[3]

He denies the Armenian Genocide happened.[3][4]

Bruce Fein
Bruce Fein by Gage Skidmore
Fein in 2011
BornMarch 12, 1947 (age 72)
Alma materSwarthmore College
University of California, Berkeley
Harvard Law School (J.D.)

Early life

Fein graduated from Ellwood P. Cubberley High School in Palo Alto, California in 1965, where he was a starting guard on the basketball team. He attended Swarthmore College, and then transferred to the University of California, Berkeley, where he was the starting guard for the California Golden Bears men's basketball team. Fein received his Juris Doctor (JD) from Harvard Law School in 1972.

Fein is the brother of Dan Fein, a prominent figure in the Socialist Workers Party and former candidate for governor of Illinois and mayor of New York City.

Personal life

Bruce Fein married Mattie Lolavar on May 15, 2004. The two were divorced in June 2013.

Relations with the US Government

Fein was a top Justice Department official under the Ronald Reagan administration. He has heavily criticized every subsequent U.S. president.

Reagan Administration

Under President Ronald Reagan, Fein served as an Associate Deputy Attorney General from 1981 to 1982 and as general counsel to the Federal Communications Commission. During that period, he wrote an extensive 30-page critique of Times v. Sullivan, the Supreme Court ruling that freed American media from much of its liability under libel law in the United States. That memorandum was briefly misattributed to Judge John Roberts while his nomination to be Chief Justice of the United States was pending.[5] In 1987, he served as the minority (minority party) research director of the committee in the United States House of Representatives that investigated the Iran-Contra Affair.[5][6][7]

Criticizing Bush, Clinton and Obama

The George W. Bush administration's terrorist surveillance program, which intercepted some communications without a warrant from the FISA court, incensed him enough to propose censure or even impeachment of Bush.[8] He ridiculed Harriett Miers's Supreme Court nomination,[9] and was sharply criticical of then-U.S. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales.[10][11][12]

In March 2007, he founded the American Freedom Agenda with Bob Barr, David Keene and Richard Viguerie.[12][13] Notable published writings by Fein include articles advocating the impeachment of former U.S. presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, and former U.S. Vice-President Dick Cheney.

On September 2, 2008, Fein addressed Ron Paul's "Rally For The Republic" in Minneapolis, offering a critique of the Bush administration's interventionist policy and advocating a more non-interventionist foreign policy. Fein also harshly criticized the anti-terror policies of the Bush White House, including wiretapping and detention of terror suspects. In April 2009, Fein criticized President Barack Obama for declining to prosecute Bush administration officials for composing CIA memos justifying torture during interrogations.[14]

In 2011, Fein proposed impeaching President Barack Obama in connection with the 2011 military intervention in Libya.[15][16]

During the transition following the 2016 election of Donald Trump, the Supreme Court decision in Korematsu v. United States was suggested as offering possible support for implementing his policies targeting all Muslims in the United States.[17] Fein argued that subsequent revelations that the Court was misled, changes in attitudes, and notably the Congress passing the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 in which it apologized for the nation and made reparations for internment of Japanese Americans, history has in effect overturned the Korematsu decision.[18] While the Supreme Court has not actually overturned Korematsu,[19] Harvard University's Noah Feldman has came to the same conclusion, declaring that "Korematsu's uniquely bad legal status means it's not precedent even though it hasn't been overturned."[20] Both made arguments in line with Richard Primus' notion of "Anti-Canon" cases, those which have come to be seen as exemplars of faulty legal reasoning and / or decision making,[21] with Feldman comparing Korematsu to Plessy v. Ferguson[20] and Fein stating that it has "joined Dred Scott as an odious and discredited artifact of popular bigotry."[18]

Repeal of the "Fairness Doctrine"

As general counsel to the F.C.C. in the 1980s, Fein re-examined the legal foundations of the Commission's Fairness Doctrine that originated as a Commission rule in 1948. He concluded that the Doctrine was not required by statute, and that the Commission was authorized to repeal the Doctrine by a rulemaking that demonstrated that it chilled the speech of broadcasters on controversial issues in contravention of the First Amendment. The rulemaking culminated in repeal in 1987, which was sustained by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. A congressional initiative to re-impose the Doctrine by statute was vetoed by President Reagan. The repeal of the Fairness Doctrine gave birth to a thriving talk radio industry.

Clinton Impeachment

Fein collaborated with Georgia Congressman Bob Barr in drafting articles of impeachment against President Bill Clinton for perjury and obstruction of justice. He authored scores of articles and made many media appearances explaining why President Clinton's conduct satisfied the constitutional standard of "high crimes and misdemeanors." Fein argued that the two articles of impeachment voted by the House of Representatives against President Clinton did not pivot on lying about sex. They rested on the President's disrespect for the rule of law, including lying under oath during civil litigation and a grand jury proceeding. United States District Judge Susan Webber Wright later found President Clinton guilty of contempt of court for lying under oath in the Paula Jones litigation, and fined him $90,000. He also agreed to surrender his license to practice law.

Lon Snowden

In the summer of 2013, Fein was hired by Lon Snowden, father of fugitive ex-NSA contractor Edward Snowden.[22] However, Edward Snowden subsequently made clear that Fein did not represent him, explaining that certain comments about his relationship with Glenn Greenwald were misattributed as his own, rather than properly attributed to either Fein or Snowden's father.[23]

NSA lawsuit

In January 2014, Rand Paul announced he was filing a class-action suit against the Obama Administration over the warrantless surveying the PRISM program allowed the National Security Administration to utilize.[24] A controversy was stirred by the reporting that the lawsuit was drafted by Fein, but his name was replaced with Ken Cuccinelli's, the lead counsel on the lawsuit. Mattie Fein, Fein's ex-wife and spokeswoman, told a Washington Post reporter that "Ken Cuccinelli stole the suit," and that Rand Paul "already has one plagiarism issue, now has a lawyer who just takes another lawyer's work product."[25] Paul's PAC refuted these claims by producing an email from Fein stating that his ex-wife did not speak for him and that he was paid for his work.[26]

Hillary Clinton

During the 2016 election Fein had been critical of Hillary Clinton on foreign policy,[27] and argues on The Huffington Post that she is too eager for war.[28]

Discussing genocide

Sri Lankan Civil War

Fein has acted "on behalf of Tamils Against Genocide" related to espouse their cause—that is, to present parts of the Sri Lankan Civil War as Tamil genocide. It included attempts to bring criminal charges against some American citizens who are prominent members of the Sri Lankan government.[29]

Armenian Genocide

Fein is an Armenophobic author that is being financed through the Turkish Coalition of America (TCA) and the Turkish American Legal Defense Fund to actively deny the Armenian Genocide. Fein has penned several articles on the topic, including in The Washington Times and The Huffington Post[4] where he claims no racial, ethnic or religious motivation for the Armenian Genocide.[3]

Court cases

His first action as a lawyer was to participate, in the name of the Assembly of Turkish American Associations to the court case against Mourad Topalian, sentenced in 2001 for illegal storing of war weapons and explosives, linked to the Justice Commandos against Armenian Genocide.[30]

Together with David Saltzman, he represented Armenian Genocide denier Guenter Lewy in an action against the Southern Poverty Law Center. After filing a complaint,[31] the TALDF obtained a public statement of retraction and apologies from SPLC, and a monetary compensation to Prof. Lewy.[32] Fein is also one of the attorneys for Rep. Jean Schmidt, another Armenian Genocide denier, in action against David Krikorian[33] and of the TCA against University of Minnesota.[34] The House Ethics Committee recently found that Fein had misled Schmidt by failing to disclose to her that his fees in connection with the litigation against David Krikorian were being paid by the TCA.[35]


  • "American Empire: Before the Fall" Published by Campaign for Liberty, June 2010. ISBN 1-4528-2953-5

American Empire: Before the Fall, the most recent of Fein's published works, condemns what it calls "the aggressive foreign policy of the United States" for being devoid of concrete objectives, and as such, doomed to war in perpetuity. According to Fein, foreign policy as it stands is earmarked by domination for the sake of domination and gaping wounds to the rule of law and separation of powers. Fein writes: "The larger national motivation is to dominate the world for the excitement of domination. The narrower particular motivation of the President is to reduce coequal branches of government to vassalage, to place the President above the law, and to justify secret government without accountability. James Madison's admonitions about presidential wars have been vindicated."[36]

Campaign for Liberty commissioned and published American Empire: Before the Fall. This was their first foray into the realm of publishing. Ron Paul (via Campaign for Liberty), Ralph Nader,[37] Glenn Greenwald,[38] Judge Andrew Napolitano,[39] US Representative Walter B. Jones, Jr., are prominent political figures who so far have publicly declared their concurrence with Fein's analysis.

  • "Constitutional Peril: The Life and Death Struggle for Our Constitution and Democracy" Published by Palgrave MacMillan, September 16, 2008. ISBN 0-230-60288-6

Constitutional Peril was the first book authored by Fein intended for the general public. It was published while President Bush remained in office in 2008, and it made an impassioned argument in favor of impeachment for the President's unparalleled expansion of executive authority and multiple defilements of the rule of law. Fein's argument was presented on national television programs including Bill Moyers' Journal.[40]

Ron Paul is among the most notable consistent proponents of Fein's political commentary. He is quoted on the cover of Constitutional Peril saying: "Bruce Fein is one of the most important legal minds of our time. Constitutional Peril is a must-read for American lovers of liberty."[41]

  • "Significant Decisions of the Supreme Court: 1978–1979 Term" Aei Pr, June 1980. ISBN 0-8447-3387-3
  • "Significant Decisions of the Supreme Court" AEI Press, June 1987. ISBN 0-8447-3568-X
  • "Significant Decisions of the Supreme Court: 1979–1980 Term" Fred B. Rothman & Co, April 1985 ISBN 0-8377-1135-5
  • "Significant Decisions of the Supreme Court: 1977–1978 Term" AEI Press, 1979. ISBN 0-8447-3360-1
  • "Significant Decisions of the Supreme Court: 1975–1976 Term" Rowman & Littlefield, June 1977. ISBN 0-8447-3283-4
  • "Significant Decisions of the Supreme Court: 1973–1974 Term" AEI Press, 1975. ISBN 0-8447-3176-5
  • "Significant Decisions of the Supreme Court: 1972–1973 Term" Rowman & Littlefield, June 1974. ISBN 0-8447-1073-3


  1. ^ Taylor, Stuart Jr. (February 28, 1988). "A Pair of Rehnquist Opinions Sets Legal Experts Buzzing". The New York Times. The message, asserts Bruce Fein, a Supreme Court authority at the conservative Heritage Foundation, was that conservatives should not expect sudden, revolutionary change in settled legal doctrines in these and perhaps other areas from the Rehnquist Court, at least with its current membership.
  2. ^ "The Lichfield Group – Principals". Archived from the original on March 6, 2009. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
  3. ^ a b c Fein, Bruce (June 4, 2009). "Lies, Damn Lies, and Armenian Deaths". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Armenia Crime Amnesia?", The Washington Times, October 16, 2007
  5. ^ a b Liptak, Adam (September 28, 2005). "Correction; Libel Memorandum Attributed Falsely To Court Nominee". The New York Times. p. A20. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved March 15, 2009. Bruce Fein, a Washington lawyer who was general counsel of the Federal Communications Commission in the Reagan administration, said yesterday that he wrote the memorandum, a caustic critique of New York Times v. Sullivan, the 1964 Supreme Court decision that revolutionized American libel law, and of the role played by the press in society.
  6. ^ Solomon, Gerald; Bruce Fein (June 10, 1987). "A Tight Plug on Intelligence Leaks". The New York Times.
  7. ^ Bruce Fein (July 13, 1986). "AIDS in the workplace; the administration's impeccable logic". The New York Times.
  8. ^ Gilmore, Brian (December 2006). "A Conservative for Impeachment". The Progressive. Retrieved March 15, 2009. Fein cites the 1952 Supreme Court case of Youngstown Sheet & Tube v. Sawyer as support for the proposition that the President does not have "inherent authority" to bypass legislative enactments of Congress in a time of war.
  9. ^ "Perspectives". Newsweek. October 24, 2005. p. 27. Retrieved March 15, 2009. The tipping point in Washington is when you go from being a subject of caricature to the subject of laughter. She's in danger of becoming the subject of laughter.
  10. ^ Johnston, David; Michael Janofsky (February 5, 2006). "Attorney General's Credibility May Be at Stake at Spy Hearing". The New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2009. Some legal experts see Mr. Gonzales as little more than a surrogate for President Bush, whom he has served in a variety of capacities since 1997, when Mr. Bush was governor of Texas. "Nothing in Al Gonzales's public statements, legislative proposals or anything else suggests that this is an individual who operates outside of the political gyroscope of President Bush," said Bruce Fein, an associate deputy attorney general in the Reagan administration.
  11. ^ Isikoff, Michael (June 29, 2007). "Another DOJ Departure". Newsweek. Archived from the original on December 3, 2012. Retrieved March 15, 2009. The Titanic is sinking," Bruce Fein, a former top Justice Department official under the Reagan administration and a sharp Gonzales critic, said today about Hertling's resignation. "The fact is the department has become dysfunctional. Gonzales is going to be left with no subordinates.
  12. ^ a b Fein, Bruce; Viguerie, Richard; Keene, David; Barr, Bob; Whitehead, John W. (April 16, 2007). "The Letter: "An Unsuitable Steward of the Law"". Time. Retrieved March 15, 2009. The American Freedom Agenda, led by Viguerie, former Georgia Congressman Bob Barr, American Conservative Union chair David Keene, and Reagan administration lawyer Bruce Fein has bluntly assessed the failings of the Bush-Cheney administration when it comes to defending the Constitution and the Republic it serves. "Especially since 9/11, the executive branch has chronically usurped legislative or judicial power, and has repeatedly claimed that the President is the law," it declared. "The constitutional grievances against the White House are chilling, reminiscent of the kingly abuses that provoked the Declaration of Independence."
  13. ^ Nichols `, John (August 28, 2007). "Attorney General Bruce Fein". New Nation. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2009. The American Freedom Agenda, led by Viguerie, former Georgia Congressman Bob Barr, American Conservative Union chair David Keene, Reagan administration lawyer Bruce Fein and Viguerie has bluntly assessed the failings of the Bush-Cheney administration when it comes to defending the Constitution and the Republic it serves. "Especially since 9/11, the executive branch has chronically usurped legislative or judicial power, and has repeatedly claimed that the President is the law," it declared. "The constitutional grievances against the White House are chilling, reminiscent of the kingly abuses that provoked the Declaration of Independence."
  14. ^ Fein, Bruce (April 17, 2009). "How Obama Excused Torture". The Daily Beast. Retrieved April 17, 2009.
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ Railton, Ben (November 17, 2016). "The Real Precedents Set By Japanese American Internment". Huffington Post. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
  18. ^ a b Fein, Bruce (November 25, 2016). "History Overrules Odious Supreme Court Precedent". Huffington Post. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
  19. ^ Ford, Matt (November 19, 2015). "The Return of Korematsu". The Atlantic. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
  20. ^ a b Feldman, Noah (November 18, 2016). "Why Korematsu Is Not a Precedent". The New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
  21. ^ Primus, Richard A. (1998). "Canon, Anti-Canon, and Judicial Dissent". Duke Law Journal. 48 (2): 243–303.
  22. ^ Goldman, T.R. (August 12, 2013). "Style". The Washington Post.
  23. ^ Calderone, Michael (August 15, 2013). "Edward Snowden To HuffPost: Media Being Misled". Huffington Post.
  24. ^ "Sen. Rand Paul to sue over NSA spying practices". Fox News. January 4, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
  25. ^ Milbank, Dana (February 12, 2014). "Rand Paul and Ken Cuccinelli accused of stealing NSA lawsuit". Washington Post.
  26. ^ Trujillo, Mario. "Paul's camp denies stealing lawsuit". The Hill. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^ Bruce Fein (February 15, 2009). "Genocide in Sri Lanka". Asian Tribune.
  30. ^ Memorandum or Letter of the Assembly of Turkish American Associations in Aid of Sentencing in the Nature of a Victims' Statement
  31. ^
  32. ^ Bruce Fein and David Saltzman (September 30, 2010). "Free Inquiry Triumphs, Professor Guenter Lewy's Reputation Restored". TALDF.
  33. ^ Bruce Fein and David Saltzman (October 9, 2009). "Turkish American Legal Defense Fund Scores Significant Victory Before Ohio Elections Commission". TALDF.; Bruce Fein and David Saltzman (June 8, 2010). "Congresswoman Schmidt Sues Former Opponent for Defamation, Retains TALDF". TALDF.
  34. ^ Laura Sievert (December 1, 2010). "Turkish group sues U for 'unreliable' website list". The Minnesota Daily.
  35. ^ Glenn Thrush (August 5, 2011). "House Ethics: Jean Schmidt took improper $500K gift but not guilty of violation". Politico.
  36. ^ "Bruce Fein,". Archived from the original on September 14, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2010.
  37. ^ Book TV, C-Span
  38. ^ Archived September 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Glenn Greenwald,
  39. ^ Freedom Watch on YouTube
  40. ^, Bill Moyers, PBS
  41. ^ see back cover

External links

2016 Libertarian National Convention

The 2016 Libertarian National Convention was the gathering at which delegates of the Libertarian Party chose the party's nominees for President of the United States and Vice President of the United States in the 2016 national election. The party selected Gary Johnson, a former Governor of New Mexico, as its presidential candidate, with Bill Weld, a former Governor of Massachusetts as his running mate. The convention was held from May 26–30, 2016, in Orlando, Florida.

AEI Legal Center for the Public Interest

AEI Legal Center for the Public Interest (LCPI) was formed when the National Legal Center for the Public Interest (NLCPI) was merged into the conservative think tank American Enterprise Institute (AEI) in September 2007. Its stated mission is to "foster knowledge about law and the administration of justice, especially with respect to individual rights, free enterprise, property ownership, limited government, and a fair and efficient judiciary. It has pursued its educational and intellectual missions through a publishing program, conferences, and the annual Gauer Distinguished Lecture in Law and Public Policy."

American Enterprise Institute

The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, known simply as the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), is a Washington, D.C.-based think tank that researches government, politics, economics, and social welfare. AEI is an independent nonprofit organization supported primarily by grants and contributions from foundations, corporations, and individuals.

Founded in 1938, AEI's stated mission is "to defend the principles and improve the institutions of American freedom and democratic capitalism—limited government, private enterprise, individual liberty and responsibility, vigilant and effective defense and foreign policies, political accountability, and open debate". AEI is closely associated with conservatism and neoconservatism, although it is officially non-partisan.

AEI is governed by a 26-member Board of Trustees, composed of executives and former executives from various corporations. Approximately 185 authors are associated with AEI.Arthur C. Brooks served as president of AEI from January 2009 through July 1, 2019. He was succeeded by Robert Doar.

American Freedom Agenda

The American Freedom Agenda (AFA) is a United States organization established in March 2007 by disaffected libertarian-oriented conservatives demanding that the Republican Party return to its traditional mistrust of concentrated government power. It describes itself as "a coalition established to restore checks and balances and civil liberties protections under assault by the executive branch." It was founded by Bruce Fein (chairman), Bob Barr, David Keene and Richard Viguerie.The ten points of the American Freedom Agenda pledge are:

No military commissions except on the battlefield.

No evidence extracted by torture or coercion.

No detaining citizens as unlawful enemy combatants.

Restoring habeas corpus for suspected alien enemy combatants.

Prohibiting warrantless spying by the National Security Agency in violation of law.

Renouncing presidential signing statements.

Ending secret government by invoking State Secrets Privilege.

Stopping extraordinary rendition by the U.S.

Stopping threats to prosecuting journalists under the Espionage Act of 1917.

Ending the listing of individuals or organizations as terrorists based on secret evidence.

Apology Resolution

United States Public Law 103-150, informally known as the Apology Resolution, is a Joint Resolution of the U.S. Congress adopted in 1993 that "acknowledges that the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii occurred with the active participation of agents and citizens of the United States and further acknowledges that the Native Hawaiian people never directly relinquished to the United States their claims to their inherent sovereignty as a people over their national lands, either through the Kingdom of Hawaii or through a plebiscite or referendum" (U.S. Public Law 103-150 (107 Stat. 1510)). The resolution has been cited as a major impetus for the Hawaiian sovereignty movement, and has been the subject of intense debate.The resolution was adopted by both houses of the United States Congress on November 23, 1993. A joint resolution, it was signed by President of the United States Bill Clinton on the same day.

The resolution was passed in the Senate by a vote of 65–34. In the House, it was passed by a two-thirds voice vote. It was sponsored on January 21, 1993, as S.J.Res.19 by Daniel Akaka and co-sponsored by Daniel Inouye, both Democratic senators from Hawaii.

Associate Deputy Attorney General

Associate Deputy Attorney General is a position in the United States Department of Justice. As of 2017, there are six such positions, all of which rank equally, who serve as the principal advisors to the Deputy Attorney General. There is also a separate Principal Associate Deputy Attorney General. All positions are Senior Executive Service appointments, each of which can be filled as a career appointment or as a political appointment.The position is not to be confused with the Deputy Associate Attorneys General, who report to the Associate Attorney General.

Bad for Democracy

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Campaign for Liberty

The Campaign for Liberty (C4L) is a political organization founded by twelve-term United States Congressman Ron Paul. Campaign for Liberty focuses on educating elected officials and the general public about constitutional issues, and currently provides a membership program. Its legal status is that of a 501(c)(4) nonprofit.

The Campaign for Liberty was announced on June 12, 2008 as a way of continuing the grassroots support involved in Ron Paul's 2008 presidential run, and corresponded with the suspension of that campaign. Paul formally announced during the Texas Republican Convention that he had created this new organization known as the "Campaign for Liberty".

On August 5, 2015, C4L Chairman John Tate was indicted by a federal grand jury for felony charges arising from an alleged cover-up Tate, and colleagues on the 2012 Ron Paul presidential campaign, conducted to conceal the expenditure of campaign money to buy the endorsement of an Iowa politician. In October 2015, Tate was acquitted of all charges.

Ellwood P. Cubberley High School

Ellwood P. Cubberley High School (1956–1979) known locally as "Cubberley", was one of three public high schools in Palo Alto, California. The site of the closed school is now named Cubberley Community Center and used as a community center and used for many diverse activities.


Fein or FEIN may refer to:

Fein and Sebé, characters in the anime Zatch Bell!

Fein (company), founded by Wilhelm Fein

Sinn Féin, a series of political movements since 1905 in Ireland

Federal Employer Identification Number, used by the United States Internal Revenue Service

FEIN-Codierung Friedberger Eigentümer-Identifikations-Nummer, a system to mark personal items

Jerry Nadler

Jerrold Lewis Nadler (; born June 13, 1947) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for New York's 10th congressional district since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, he has served in Congress since 1992, previously representing the state's 17th congressional district (1992–1993) and 8th congressional district (1993–2013). Nadler has also been Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee since 2019.

The 10th district currently includes the west side of Manhattan from the Upper West Side down to Battery Park, including the World Trade Center. It also includes the Manhattan neighborhoods of Chelsea, Hell's Kitchen and Greenwich Village, as well as parts of Brooklyn such as Coney Island, Bensonhurst, Borough Park and Bay Ridge. It includes many of New York City's most popular tourist attractions, including the Statue of Liberty, New York Stock Exchange, Brooklyn Bridge and Central Park.

Michael S. Greco

Michael Spencer Greco (born November 22, 1942, Rende, Italy) is a former President of the American Bar Association (2006–2007). He is currently a partner in the Boston office of K&L Gates, and a former partner at the now-defunct Hill and Barlow.

No More Presidential Wars Act

The No More Presidential Wars Act was co-sponsored in the House of Representatives on September 13, 2018 by Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI) and the late congressman Walter Jones (R-NC) as an effort to “reclaim the responsibility Congress has [and] to be the body that declares war, to end these presidential wars that are being fought without the authorization of Congress.”

Rand Paul

Randal Howard Paul (born January 7, 1963) is an American politician and physician serving as the junior United States Senator from Kentucky since 2011, alongside Majority Leader Mitch McConnell. He is the son of former U.S. Representative Ron Paul of Texas who was a presidential candidate in 1988, 2008 and 2012.

Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Paul attended Baylor University and is a graduate of the Duke University School of Medicine. Paul began practicing ophthalmology in 1993 in Bowling Green, Kentucky, and established his own clinic in December 2007. In 2010, Paul entered politics by running for a seat in the United States Senate. A Republican, Paul has described himself as a Constitutional conservative and a supporter of the Tea Party movement. He has advocated for a balanced budget amendment, term limits, and privacy reform.

Paul was a candidate for the Republican nomination at the 2016 U.S. presidential election. He suspended his campaign in February 2016, after finishing in fifth place out of 12 Republican candidates at the Iowa caucuses.

Rand Paul 2016 presidential campaign

The 2016 presidential campaign of Rand Paul, the junior United States Senator from Kentucky, was announced on April 7, 2015 at an event at the Galt House in Louisville, Kentucky. First elected to the U.S. Senate in the 2010 election, Paul's candidacy for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in 2016 had been widely speculated since early 2013.Leading up to his formal announcement, Paul delivered several high-profile speeches, which included filibustering the nomination of CIA Director John Brennan, speeches at Berkeley and Howard University, and meeting with community leaders in Ferguson, Missouri and Detroit, Michigan, with Paul stating that the meetings and speeches help reach his goal of broadening the Republican Party's appeal with non-traditional constituencies.

Paul suspended his campaign on February 3, 2016.

Tamils Against Genocide

Tamils Against Genocide (TAG) is a non-governmental organization formed in 2008, based in Columbia, Maryland, United States, which has actively protested the Sri Lankan Civil War and the alleged genocide of Sri Lankan Tamils in Northern Province, Sri Lanka. Tamils Against Genocide hired US attorney Bruce Fein to file human rights violation charges against two Sri Lankan officials associated with the civil war in Sri Lanka which has reportedly claimed the lives of thousands of civilians.

Terrorism in Turkey

Terrorism in Turkey is a significant issue for Turkish authorities. While the government labels deaths in Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present) as terrorism related, this is disputed by others.[note] In addition involvement in the Syrian Civil War and radical political elements in the country have also been a source for alleged terrorist incidents. The violence has had a negative impact on the country's tourism sector.

The Washington Times

The Washington Times is an American daily newspaper published in Washington, D.C., that covers general interest topics with a particular emphasis on national politics. Its broadsheet daily edition is distributed throughout the District of Columbia and in parts of Maryland and Virginia. A weekly tabloid edition aimed at a national audience is also published.The Washington Times was founded on May 17, 1982, by Unification movement leader Sun Myung Moon and owned until 2010 by News World Communications, an international media conglomerate founded by Moon. It is currently owned by Operations Holdings, which is owned by the Unification movement.Throughout its history, The Washington Times has been known for its conservative political stance. It has drawn controversy for publishing racist content, including commentary and conspiracy theories about United States president Barack Obama and support for neo-Confederatism. It has published material promoting Islamophobia. It has published many columns which reject the scientific consensus on climate change, as well as on ozone depletion and on the harmful effects of second-hand smoke.

Women's rights are human rights

"Women's rights are human rights" is a phrase used in the feminist movement. The phrase was first used in the 1980s and early 1990s. Its most prominent usage is as the name of a speech given by Hillary Rodham Clinton, the First Lady of the United States, on 5 September 1995, at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. In this speech she sought to closely link the notion of women's rights with that of human rights. In the speech, Clinton used the phrase within the longer, bidirectional refrain, "human rights are women's rights and women's rights are human rights."


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