Broughton Archipelago

The Broughton Archipelago is a group of islands on the northeastern flank of the Queen Charlotte Strait on the coast of British Columbia, Canada. The largest islands in the group, which includes numerous smaller islets, are Broughton Island, North Broughton Island, Eden Island, Bonwick Island and Baker Island. The islands are all located within the Regional District of Mount Waddington; however, nearly all lands in the area are owned by the Provincial Crown and most settlements in the area, with the exclusion of floating settlements, are either Indian Reserves of bands of the Musgamagw Tsawataineuk Tribal Council or fish farms under the jurisdiction of the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans.

The archipelago is the traditional territory of the Kwicksutaineuk-ah-kwa-mish and Tsawataineuk subgroups of the Kwakwaka'wakw peoples and is the focus of controversy over commercial fish-farming by Norwegian aquaculture companies. One of the most prominent studies carried out to assess the relationship between fish farms and sea lice infestations on wild species was carried out in this archipelago in the spring of 2002.

Broughton Archipelago was named in 1792 by George Vancouver in honor of William Robert Broughton, the captain of the expedition's second ship, HMS Chatham.[1]

Broughton Archipelago
Broughton Archipelago is located in British Columbia
Broughton Archipelago
Broughton Archipelago
Broughton Archipelago is located in Canada
Broughton Archipelago
Broughton Archipelago
Geography
LocationQueen Charlotte Strait
Coordinates50°40′N 126°30′W / 50.667°N 126.500°WCoordinates: 50°40′N 126°30′W / 50.667°N 126.500°W
Administration
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Regional DistrictMount Waddington

See also

References

  1. ^ Broughton Archipelago, BCGNIS

External links

Alexandra Morton

Alexandra Bryant Hubbard Morton is a Canadian American marine biologist best known for her 30-year study of wild killer whales in the Broughton Archipelago in British Columbia. Since the 1990s, her work has shifted toward the study of the impact of salmon farming on Canadian wild salmon.

Bonwick Island

Bonwick Island is an island in the Broughton Archipelago in Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. The archipelago is located on the northeast side of Queen Charlotte Strait and lies northwest of the Village of Alert Bay and immediately to the west of Gilford Island, separated from it by Retreat Pass. Arrow Passage is on the island's northwest, separating it from Mars Island.

Broughton Archipelago Provincial Park

Broughton Archipelago Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada, located in the Broughton Archipelago in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast.

Broughton Island (British Columbia)

Broughton Island is an island in the Broughton Archipelago of the Queen Charlotte Strait area of the Central Coast of British Columbia, located northwest of Gilford Island. \

Broughton Lagoon is a shallow inlet on the north side of Broughton Island, located at 50°50′02″N 126°41′40″W

To the north of Broughton Island is North Broughton Island.

Crease Island

Crease Island, formerly Lewis Island, is an island in the Broughton Archipelago Marine Provincial Park in the Queen Charlotte Strait-Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. It is located north of Harbledown Island and is at the southern extremity of the provincial park.

Echo Bay, British Columbia

Echo Bay is an unincorporated settlement located on the west side of Gilford Island in the Broughton Archipelago on the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. It is the location of the Simoom Sound post office, which used to be on the nearby Wishart Peninsula facing the sound of the same name.

Fife Sound

Fife Sound is a sound in the Broughton Archipelago of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. The Broughton Archipelago is on the north side of the Queen Charlotte Strait region, adjacent to the mainland. Fife Sound is located on the south side of Broughton Island, which is the largest of the group.

Grappler Sound

Grappler Sound is a sound on the Coast of British Columbia, Canada. It is located on the west side of Watson Island, in the area of the Broughton Archipelago and which is located at the entrance to Mackenzie Sound. It was named for HMS Grappler.

Greenway Sound

Greenway Sound is a sound in the area of the Broughton Archipelago, which lies on the north side of Queen Charlotte Strait in the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. It is adjacent to Sutlej Channel, which lies on the north side of Broughton Island, the largest of the group, between it and the mainland. Greenway Point is on the south side of the sound.

Hopetown, British Columbia

Hopetown (Kwak'wala: heǥa̱m's ) is an Indian Reserve community of the Gwawa'enux group of Kwakwaka'wakw peoples, located on the south side of Watson Island, to the north of Broughton Island in the Broughton Archipelago on the north side of the Queen Charlotte Strait region on the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. The community is located entirely within Hopetown Indian Reserve No. 10A. The traditional name of the village in the Kwak'wala language is Hikums, which has also been spelled Hegams and Hakina and Hegams, meaning "facing outwards".

Kwikwasutʼinuxw Haxwaʼmis First Nation

Kwikwasut'inuxw Haxwa'mis, formerly the Kwicksutaineuk-ah-kwa-mish First Nation is a First Nations band government based on northern Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada, in the Queen Charlotte Strait region. It is a member of the Musgamagw Tsawataineuk Tribal Council, along with the ‘Namgis First Nation and the Tsawataineuk First Nation. The Kwikwasut'inuxw and Haxwa'mis are two of the many subgroups of the peoples known as Kwakwaka'wakw, which means "speakers of Kwak'wala", their language, and were combined into one band by the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs.

The territory of the Kwikwasut'inuxw Haxwa'mis spans the southern Broughton Archipelago and the Gilford Island area just north of the mouth of Knight Inlet. Their main village is Gwa’yasdams or Gwayasdums, a small community located on Gilford Island.

Its citizens have been operating under a boil water advisory for 9 years.

Mackenzie Sound

Mackenzie Sound is a sound in the area of the Broughton Archipelago of the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the South Coast of British Columbia, Canada. It is located to the northeast of North Broughton Island. Watson Island is located in its entrance; to the west of Watson Island is Grappler Sound.

Musgamagw Tsawataineuk Tribal Council

The Musgamagw Tsawataineuk is a First Nations tribal council based in the Queen Charlotte Strait region around northern Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada.

The headquarters of the Musgamagw Tsawataineuk Tribal Council is in the community of Alert Bay, British Columbia on Cormorant Island, but territories of the three member nations span the Nimpkish River valley and adjoining areas of the interior of northern Vancouver Island as well as the Broughton Archipelago and adjoining areas of the BC mainland, just to the north of the mouth of Knight Inlet.

North Broughton Island

North Broughton Island (French: île North Broughton) is an island in the Broughton Archipelago, located as its name suggests to the north of Broughton Island in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada.Broughton Point is on the south coast of the island, facing Broughton Island at 50°50′20″N 126°48′52″W

Pearse Peninsula

The Pearse Peninsula is a peninsula on the southwest end of Broughton Island in the Broughton Archipelago of the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada.

Retreat Passage

Retreat Passage is a short strait and marine waterway between Gilford Island (E) and Bonwick Island (W) in the Broughton Archipelago of the eastern Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada.

Sutlej Channel

Sutlej Channel is a channel or strait on the north sides of Broughton Island and North Broughton Island, or the Broughton Archipelago of the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. The channel separates those islands from the adjacent mainland and includes Greenway Sound. It was named for HMS Sutlej.

Thompson Sound, British Columbia

Thompson Sound is an unincorporated locality on the east side of the sound of the same name, which is in the area of Tribune Channel and the Broughton Archipelago in the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada.

Tsawataineuk First Nation

The Tsawataineuk First Nation is a First Nations band government in the Queen Charlotte Strait region north of northern Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is a member of the Musgamagw Tsawataineuk Tribal Council, along with the ‘Namgis First Nation and the Kwicksutaineuk-ah-kwa-mish First Nation.

The territory of the Tsawataineuk First Nation spans the whole of Broughton Archipelago on the northern side of Queen Charlotte Strait and adjoining areas of the BC mainland. The main village of the Tsawataineuk people is Gwa'Yi, at the mouth of the Kingcome River.

The current number of people living in the community is 59 (as of November 21, 2007).

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