Broomball

Broomball is a recreational ice game originating in Canada (also contested as being Swedish) and played in certain other countries. It is played in a hockey rink, either indoors or outdoors, depending on climate and location.[1]

Broomball Ball
A typical broomball ball

In a game of broomball there are two teams, each consisting of six players: a goaltender and five others. The object of the game is to score more goals than the opponent. Goals are scored by hitting the ball into the opponent's net using the broom. Tactics and plays are similar to those used in sports such as ice hockey, roller hockey and floorball.

Players hit a small ball around the ice with a stick called a "broom." The broom may have a wooden or aluminum shaft and has a rubber-molded triangular head similar in shape to that of a regular broom (or, originally, an actual corn broom with the bristles either cut off or covered with tape). Players wear special rubber-soled shoes instead of skates, and the ice is prepared in such a way that it is smooth and dry to improve traction. The ball can differ whether the game is played indoors or outdoors. The indoor ball is smooth while the outdoor ball has ridges and resembles a small soccer ball [1].

BroomballFaceoff
A game of broomball begins with a face-off

Gameplay

LCBGW action 2013
Game action.

A typical game of broomball is broken up into two or three periods. Each team has a goaltender plus five other players, typically two defenders and three attackers (two forwards and one center). If the ice surface is especially small, some leagues use fewer players on the ice.

The object of the game is to score goals into the opponent's goal or net. The team with the most goals at the end of a game is declared the winner. In some tournaments, if the scores are tied after regular time, an additional overtime period is played to determine a winner. In the overtime period (in most cases), six players, three on each team, play five minutes without a goalie. The team to score more goals in the overtime period is declared the winner. In the event of another tie, a second overtime period may be played. In some games a shootout period will be played. The shooter has the choice to have the ball placed a specified distance from the net or, like in hockey, can play the ball from center ice.

Goaltender equipment

Goaltenders generally wear a full face cage in addition to thick padding on the legs, thighs, chest and shoulders. Goaltenders are permitted to use a blocker, a specially designed rectangular glove attachment that is used to block shots. A blocker is similar to those used by ice-hockey goalies.

Officials

Broomball games are controlled by two on-ice referees. Both referees have the same powers to call all penalties, off-sides, goals, and so on. There usually are off-ice officials as well, depending on the level of the game being played, including a scorekeeper, a timekeeper, a penalty timekeeper, and goal judges.

Referees are generally required to wear black and white vertical-striped jerseys, with a red arm band on one arm. They use this arm to signal penalties throughout the game.

History

There is no known fully accurate history of broomball. The consensus is that modern broomball originated in Canada. Some think it came about by trying to play ice hockey without ice skates. The first recorded broomball games in North America were in Perdue, Saskatchewan on March 5, 1909, although there is some evidence to suggest broomball was being played in a small town in Massey, Ontario. These games, however, were played on a football field as early as the 1890s.[2] From Canada the game spread south to the United States, becoming especially popular in Minnesota, where by the 1960s a broomball community was thriving.[3]

Broomball spread internationally over the following decades, and by the 1980s, organized broomball was being played in Australia,[4] Japan, Sweden, Italy,[5] Germany,[5] and Switzerland.[6]

World governing body

The International Federation of Broomball Associations (IFBA) is the world governing body of broomball. Its headquarters are in Canada.

Every two years the IFBA runs the World Broomball Championships (also known as the Challenge Cup), an international event with teams from around the world. Historically, the championships have been dominated by the North Americans teams.

United States governing body

The American organization recognized by the IFBA is USA Broomball. They are responsible for sanctioning tournaments, training and certifying officials, and recognizing state governing bodies regarding broomball. The states that currently have governing bodies recognized by USA Broomball include Colorado, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, and Ohio. USA Broomball also organizes and oversees the annual USA Broomball National Championships. In odd-numbered years, Minnesota (the unofficial U.S. broomball capital and home to the majority of broomball leagues and teams in the country) hosts the National Championships. In even-numbered years, a different state with an officially recognized state organization hosts the tournament. Below is a list of recent hosts of the National Championships.

Broomball around the world

Broomball in Action
College students play broomball as a social event.

Broomball is now an established international recreational sport, played in many countries around the world. Canada and the United States are the "powerhouse" nations of the sport, with their local representative teams often battling in prestigious tournaments held annually across North America.

Broomball is becoming more popular internationally, as well. In Japan, some top teams and players are attracted to regular tournaments. Australia holds its annual National Championships in centers across the country and is continually increasing its number of players in a country where ice sports are not considered popular. Switzerland and Italy regularly send representative teams to tournaments in North America. The UK hosts nights of fun games at the Broadgate Ice rink in the City of London, which attracts North American players, city workers and people just wanting to give a new sport a try.

Broomball is played at many universities, including: Miami University, Iowa State University,[7] The University of Notre Dame,[8] Michigan Technological University, The University of Texas at Austin, Rochester Institute of Technology, University of Chicago, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and Boston University.[9]

Other broomball nations include Finland, Germany and Russia.

The future of broomball

Broomball continues to grow globally. With a firm foothold in Canada and the United States and an established presence in other nations, the IFBA is now considering taking the sport to the Winter Olympics. The Canadian Broomball Federation is a member of the Canadian Olympic Committee, the first such national broomball body to achieve this, and it is expected other federations will soon follow.

References

  1. ^ "Home – St. Claude Broomball". Stclaudebroomballmb.com. 2014-02-03. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
  2. ^ tgsen. "Broomball Association of South Australia - What is Broomball". www.basa.org.au. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  3. ^ "History of Broomball - USA Broomball". www.usabroomball.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  4. ^ "激安チラシ印刷でお得に宣伝広告|お店を魅力的に見せる宣伝方法". www.broomballaustralia.org. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  5. ^ a b History of Italian broomball Archived August 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Broomball.ch - Association Suisse de Broomball". www.broomball.ch. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  7. ^ McConnell, Jana (2006-02-07). "Much more than fun and games". Ames, IA: Iowa State Daily. Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  8. ^ Dame, ENR/PAZ // University Communications: Web // University of Notre. "Intramural Sports // RecSports // University of Notre Dame". recsports.nd.edu. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  9. ^ Carsley, Ben. "Sneakers on Ice". Boston University. Retrieved 2014-08-17.

External links

Appleton Arena

Appleton Arena is a 3,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Canton, New York. It is home to the St. Lawrence University Skating Saints ice hockey team. It was named for Judge Charles W. Appleton, class of 1897, the main benefactor of the arena as well as the riding center, which is named for his wife Elsa.

Appleton Arena opened in January 1951. The Canton Community assisted with the construction of an adjacent outdoor rink previous to 1951. Appleton Arena was remodeled in the late 1970s and early 1980s to its current configuration. In 1999, the facade of the arena was renovated to allow for improved locker rooms (particularly for the growing women's program) and a larger lobby. Additionally, the playing surface was expanded to 85 feet by 200 feet, and a weight training facility was added. These renovations were specifically designed to improve the arena while only minimally changing the traditional wooden bleachers and general ambiance of the interior.

Aside from being home to the Skating Saints, the arena also hosts intramural hockey and broomball games, a figure skating club, and Canton Pee Wee Hockey. In addition to its athletic uses, the University has also utilized the arena for concerts and for an alternate, indoor location for graduation ceremonies.

Australian National Broomball Championships

The Australian National Broomball Championships is an annual broomball tournament, held in various cities across Australia, to determine Australia's national champions. The tournament is organised by the national governing body for the sport, Broomball Australia.

The Championships have been held annually since 1990, and as of 2006 attract representative teams from New South Wales, Queensland, Australian Capital Territory, South Australia, and Victoria. Teams representing Gold Coast and Coffs Harbour have also participated in the past. In 2003 an invitational team composed of American and Japanese players took part but were ineligible for finals.

Five divisions are contested annually (starting year in brackets):

Men's Elite (1990)

Women's Elite (1999)

Mixed Elite (1990)

Men's Intermediate (2003)

Mixed Intermediate (2003)

Broomball Association of South Australia

Broomball Association of South Australia (BASA) is one of five members of Broomball Australia. Commencing in 1981, the current league playing at thebarton comprises both a mixed division and a men's division. The mixed division contains eight teams, while the men's contains four.

Each year, BASA enters into the Broomball Australia National championships, with the 2009 tournament held in Adelaide. Broomball in Adelaide occurs weekly, every Tuesday night.

Broomball Australia

Broomball Australia is the national governing body for the ice sport of broomball in Australia. It was incorporated in October 2004 after a number of years unofficially operating under other varied names, such as the Australian Broomball Association. Broomball Australia is a member of the International Federation of Broomball Associations (IFBA).

As of 2006 Broomball Australia has four full members and one associate member. Full members are granted full voting rights within the association with two delegates appointed to the National Council, the decision-making arm of the body. Associate members are officially recognised by Broomball Australia, but do not have any voting rights.

The current members are:

Australian Capital Territory Broomball Association (ACTBA) (full member)

Broomball Association of South Australia (BASA) (full member)

North Queensland Broomball Association (NQBA) (full member)

New South Wales Broomball Association (NSWBA) (full member)

Coffs Harbour Ice Broomball Club (associate member)

According to its official website, Broomball Australia's purpose: is to develop and promote the sport of broomball in Australia to gain acceptance, recognition and support in the wider sporting community.

Canadian Broomball Federation

The Canadian Broomball Federation (CBF) is the official governing body of the sport of broomball in Canada.It aims to "provide leadership by promoting and developing broomball and by developing and coordinating programs and services designed to meet the needs of the broomball community." The role of the Canadian Broomball Federation is to provide leadership by promoting and developing broomball and by developing and coordinating programs and services designed to meet the needs of the broomball community. The philosophy of the Canadian Broomball Federation places the athlete at the heart of the organization.The Canadian membership is around 19,000 registered players with another 15,000 who participate on the recreational level which include all age groups and schooling levels including elementary school.

Daigaku Honyaku Center

Daigaku Honyaku Center (大学翻訳センター, Daigaku Honyaku Senta) (corporate name:DHC Corporation (株式会社DHC, Kabushiki gaisha DHC)) is a Japanese manufacturer dealing in cosmetics and health food supplements headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. It was established in 1972. Their flagship brand name is "Olive Virgin Oil".Originally started in Japan as a translation center, DHC Corporation ventured into other enterprises and is now a leading manufacturer of cosmetics, vitamins, healthy foods, and lingerie. In addition to these ventures, DHC Corporation has an educational and publishing department, hotel and spa, and two aesthetic salons. It is also a minor shareholder in the music chart operator Oricon Inc. and a parent company to JFL affiliate station Cross FM. It started a helicopter business in 2008.

Goggin Ice Center

Goggin Ice Center (The Goggin) is a multi-purpose sports facility in Oxford, Ohio on the Miami University campus. It replaced the Goggin Ice Arena. Like its predecessor, it is named for Lloyd Goggin, former school vice president who was instrumental in building the original ice arena.

The Goggin features two ice rinks. The "A Pad," used for main events, is known as Steve Cady Arena, and is home to the RedHawks hockey team and synchronized skating team. The "B Pad" is used for recreational skating. The building also hosts intramural hockey and broomball programs, hockey camps, skating lessons, ice shows and other events.

Hobey Baker Memorial Rink

Hobey Baker Memorial Rink is a 2,092-seat hockey arena in Princeton, New Jersey. It is home to the Princeton University Tigers men's and women's ice hockey teams as well as the venue for club and intramural hockey teams, intramural broomball, figure skating and recreational skating. It is the only ice skating rink on the Princeton University campus. It is named in honor of former Princeton star Hobart A.H. "Hobey" Baker, '14. Baker was a football and hockey star who died shortly after World War I. In December 1921, it was decided to build an on-campus arena for the hockey team, and to name it after Baker. Efforts to modernize the arena began in the mid-1970s with major improvements including the addition of locker rooms, a skate sharpening room and a stick storage room in 1981, a new scoreboard and lighting improvements in 1984 and a renovation of the roof in 2002. It is the second-oldest arena still in use in NCAA Division I hockey, behind only Matthews Arena at Northeastern University; however, Northeastern has only played at Matthews Arena since 1930, giving Princeton the distinction of being the school that has played in its current home the longest.

International Federation of Broomball Associations

IFBA redirects here. If you are looking for Instituto Federal da Bahia, see Bahia Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology.

The International Federation of Broomball Associations (IFBA), formally established in 1998, is the world governing body for the sport of broomball.

Based in Canada, the IFBA is responsible for promoting the sport globally, organising the biennial World Broomball Championships. It also administers the sport's official rulebook and coaching and officiating programs.

List of broomball teams

Broomball is a sport played internationally. Some of the most notable teams are listed here, along with their achievements in the sport.

List of sports

The following is a list of sports/games, divided by category.

According to the World Sports Encyclopedia (2003), there are 8,000 indigenous sports and sporting games.

Michigan Technological University

Michigan Technological University (Michigan Tech, MTU, or simply Tech) is a public research university in Houghton, Michigan. Its main campus sits on 925 acres (374 ha) on a bluff overlooking Portage Lake. Michigan Tech was founded in 1885 as the first post-secondary institution in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and was created to train mining engineers to operate the local copper mines. Science, technology, forestry and business have been added to the numerous engineering disciplines, and Michigan Tech now offers more than 130 degree programs through its five colleges and schools.

Michigan Tech's athletic teams are nicknamed the Huskies and compete primarily in the NCAA Division II Great Lakes Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (GLIAC). The men's hockey team competes in Division I as a member of the Western Collegiate Hockey Association (WCHA), and has won three national championships. The women's basketball team were national runners-up in 2011.

Moscow broomball

Moscow broomball is a sport similar to ice-hockey played by non-Russians in Moscow. It is known by its players simply as "broomball", but is called Moscow broomball elsewhere to distinguish it from the similar sport of the same name played in Canada.

North Queensland Broomball Association

The North Queensland Broomball Association (NQBA) is the governing body for broomball in north Queensland, Australia. It is based in the city of Townsville and is a founding member of the national body, Broomball Australia.

The NQBA is a not-for-profit organisation that was formed in 1992, the third incorporated broomball club in Australia after the Broomball Association of South Australia and Australian Capital Territory Broomball Association. Broomball had been played in Townsville since the late 1980s.

As at August 2006 the club has around 120 members, both male and female, ranging in age from 8 to 70. Three divisions are played in local competition: A Grade (elite), B Grade (intermediate), and C Grade (social, beginners and juniors). Training sessions are also run from time to time.

All local competition games are played at the Warrina Ice Rink in the Townsville suburb of Currajong.

The organisation is run by an Executive Committee consisting of seven members. All administrators and officials within the association are also current players.

The NQBA represents the state of Queensland at the annual Australian National Broomball Championships; the state representative squad is the Queensland Cyclones.

Queensland Cyclones

The Queensland Cyclones are an Australian broomball team, representing the state of Queensland at the Australian National Broomball Championships.

Players representing the Queensland Cyclones are primarily drawn from the North Queensland Broomball Association, a broomball club based in the north Queensland city of Townsville.The Cyclones have a comparatively poor record at the National Championships when compared to the representative teams from elsewhere in Australia. Their only national title to date is the 1995 Mixed Elite title. They have finished as runners up in most divisions on a number of occasions.

Stephenville Dome

The Stephenville Dome is an arena located in Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador.

The stadium is home to the Stephenville Minor Hockey Association, Stephenville Minor Broomball, The Stephenville Figure Skating Club, Stephenville High School Spartans and Bay St. George Junior Jets.

The Stadium was a co-host of the 1999 Canada Winter Games, the 2004 World Broomball Championships and CBC's 2006 Hockey Day in Canada celebration.

Tennity Ice Skating Pavilion

The Tennity Ice Skating Pavilion is an ice arena in Syracuse, New York. Named for donors Marilyn and Bill Tennity, the facility opened in October 2000 for the use of Syracuse University students. The facility is the home of Syracuse University's ACHA Division I men's hockey team competing in the Eastern States Collegiate Hockey League, and new NCAA Division I women's program playing in the College Hockey America conference. The Ice Pavilion is also used for intramural hockey and broomball leagues, as well as Syracuse University physical education classes. The new women's hockey team locker room was designed by QPK Design.The facility features two ice sheets, a regulation NHL sized surface and a 94–85 ft (29–26 m) oblong studio rink for ice skating and figure skating.

USA Broomball

USA Broomball is the official United States governing body recognized by the International Federation of Broomball Associations (IFBA). The organization is responsible for sanctioning tournaments and leagues, training and certifying officials, and recognizing broomball governing bodies for individual states in the USA.

USA Broomball also organizes and oversees the annual National Championship tournament, held in Minnesota in odd-numbered years and in a different state with a recognized state organization in even-numbered years. National championships were contested in Men's Class A, Men's Class B, Men's Class C, Men's Class D, Co-Rec, and Collegiate divisions in 2007. USA Broomball takes responsibility for placing teams in the appropriate division and teams are not allowed to pick up players from higher-division teams for the National Championships.

World Broomball Championships

The World Broomball Championships are organized every even-numbered year by the IFBA.

The first World Championships (then known as the Challenge Cup) were held in Victoria, British Columbia in 1991, and were attended by over 800 athletes and 44 teams [1]. The most recent event, held in Innsbruck, Austria, was the ninth edition of the championships.

Key: WC = World Cup Division (top division); CC = Challenge Cup Division (second division); NAC = North American Cup (third division).

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