Broken Arrow is a city located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma, primarily in Tulsa County but also with a section of the city in western Wagoner County. It is the largest suburb of Tulsa. According to the 2010 census, Broken Arrow has a population of 98,850 residents and is the fourth-largest city in the state. However, a July 2017, estimate reports that the population of the city is just under 112,000, making it the 280th-largest city in the United States. The city is part of the Tulsa Metropolitan Area, which has a population of 961,561 residents.
The Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad sold lots for the town site in 1902 and company secretary William S. Fears named it Broken Arrow. The city was named for a Creek community settled by Creek Indians who had been forced to relocate from Alabama to Oklahoma along the Trail of Tears.
Although Broken Arrow was originally an agricultural community, its current economy is diverse. The city has the third-largest concentration of manufacturers in the state.
Broken Arrow, Oklahoma
Statue of an early 20th-century family,
Centennial Park on Main Street
Broken Arrow, Oklahoma
91607 in the United States
|• City Manager||Michael L. Spurgeon|
|• Mayor||Craig Thurmond|
|• City||45.6 sq mi (118.1 km2)|
|• Land||45.0 sq mi (116.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)|
|Elevation||755 ft (230 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||US: 279th|
|• Density||2,200/sq mi (840/km2)|
|• Metro||961,561 (US: 55th)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1090512|
|Website||City of Broken Arrow|
The city's name comes from an old Creek community in Alabama. Members of that community were expelled from Alabama by the United States government, along the Trail of Tears in the 1830s. The Creek founded a new community in the Indian Territory, and named it after their old settlement in Alabama. The town's Creek name was Rekackv (pronounced thlee-Kawtch-kuh), meaning broken arrow. The new Creek settlement was located several miles south of present-day downtown Broken Arrow.
In 1902 the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad planned a railroad through the area and was granted town site privileges along the route. They sold three of the as-yet-unnamed sites to the Arkansas Valley Town Site Company. William S. Fears, secretary of that company, was allowed to choose and name one of the locations. He selected a site about 18 miles (29 km) southeast of Tulsa and about five miles north of the thlee-Kawtch-kuh settlement and named the new town site Broken Arrow, after the Indian settlement. The MKT railroad, which was completed in 1903, ran through the middle of the city. It still exists today and is now owned by Union Pacific which currently uses it for freight.
For the first decades of Broken Arrow's history, the town's economy was based mainly on agriculture. The coal industry also played an important role, with several strip coal mines located near the city in the early 20th century. The city's newspaper, the Broken Arrow Ledger, started within a couple of years of the city's founding. Broken Arrow's first school was built in 1904. The city did not grow much during the first half of the 1900s. During this time Broken Arrow's main commercial center was along Main Street. Most of the city's churches were also located on or near Main Street as well. A 1907 government census listed Broken Arrow's population at 1383.
The Haskell State School of Agriculture opened in the Broken Arrow, Oklahoma Opera House on November 15, 1909. The school closed in 1917 for lack of funding, and the building was then used as Broken Arrow High School. The building was razed in 1987. Only a marker, shown here, remains at 808 East College Street in Broken Arrow. The front of cornerstone reads, "Haskell State School / Of Agriculture / J. H. Esslinger Supt. / W. A. Etherton Archt. / Bucy & Walker Contr." The side of cornerstone reads "Laid by the Masonic Fraternity / May 25, A. D. 1910, A. L. 5810. / George Huddell G. M. / Erected by The State Board of Agriculture / J. P. Conners Pres. / B. C. Pittuck Dean.". The school is commemorated on the National Register of Historic Places.
In the 1960s, Broken Arrow began to grow from a small town into a suburban city. The Broken Arrow Expressway (Oklahoma State Highway 51) was constructed in the mid-1960s and connected the city with downtown Tulsa, fueling growth in Broken Arrow. The population swelled from a little above 11,000 in 1970 to more than 50,000 in 1990, and then more than 74,000 by the year 2000. During this time, the city was more of a bedroom community. In recent years, city leaders have pushed for more economic development to help keep more Broken Arrowans working, shopping and relaxing in town rather than going to other cities.
Broken Arrow is located in the northeastern corner of Oklahoma. The city is part of the state's Green Country region known for its green vegetation, hills and lakes. Green Country is the most topographically diverse portion of the state with seven of Oklahoma's 11 eco-regions.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 45.6 square miles (118 km2), of which 45.0 sq mi (117 km2) is land and 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2) (1.34%) is water.
Broken Arrow has the typical eastern and central Oklahoma humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with uncomfortably hot summers and highly variable winters that can range from very warm to very cold depending on whether the air mass comes from warmed air over the Rocky Mountains or very cold polar anticyclones from Canada.
|Climate data for Broken Arrow, Oklahoma|
|Average high °F (°C)||45.7
|Average low °F (°C)||22.2
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.6
|U.S. Decennial Census|
According to the 2010 census, there were 98,850 people, 36,141 households, and 27,614 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,200 people per square mile (850/km²). There were 38,013 housing units at an average density of 602.0 per square mile (232.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.3% White, 4.3% African American, 5.2% Native American, 3.6% Asian (1.0% Vietnamese, 0.7% Indian, 0.4% Chinese, 0.3% Korean, 0.3% Hmong, 0.2% Pakistani, 0.2% Filipino, 0.1% Japanese), 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino were 6.5% (4.4% Mexican, 0.4% Puerto Rican, 0.3% Spanish, 0.1% Venezuelan, 0.1% Colombian).
There were 36,141 households, out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.4% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.6% were non-families. Of all households, 19.2% were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the city, the population dispersal was 30.8% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $65,385 and the median income for a family was $74,355. The per capita income for the city was $29,141. About 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line. Of the city's population over the age of 25, 30.3% holds a bachelor's degree or higher.
Broken Arrow is home to a wide range of businesses and industries. In fact, the city is ranked third in its concentration of manufacturers in the state.
Some of the city's more notable employers include:
Located in Broken Arrow since 1985, FlightSafety International (FSI) designs and builds aviation crew training devices called Flight Simulators at its Simulation Systems Division. With currently over 675 employees located there, of which about half are engineers, FSI is the largest private employer in the city. A number of new commercial developments are being built throughout the city, most notably along Oklahoma State Highway 51, which runs through the city. A Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World opened several years ago as the anchor to a development that includes hotels, restaurants, shopping, and eventually offices. A new full-service hospital and medical office building were constructed nearby in 2010 as an anchor to another large commercial development that will include retail space and two hotels. Oklahoma's first Dick's Sporting Goods opened in late 2011.
In 2007 the city created the Broken Arrow Economic Development Corporation to help oversee economic development.
In late 2007, the Broken Arrow Chamber of Commerce began "Advance Broken Arrow", an economic development campaign aimed at expanding and diversifying the city's economic base.
In 2005, the city adopted a downtown revitalization master plan to help revive the city's historic downtown area. Some of the plans include a new 3-story museum to house the historical society and genealogical society, a farmer's market and plaza, a new performing arts center, updates and expansions to area parks, the conversion of the historic Central Middle School on Main Street into a professional development center, infrastructure and landscape improvements, and incentives to encourage denser infill, redevelopment, and reuse of the area's historic structures. Numerous buildings and homes have since been renovated, many new shops and offices have moved to downtown, and new townhomes are being built. The new historical museum, farmers market, and performing arts center opened in 2008.
The city also set strict new design standards in place that all new developments in the downtown area must adhere to. These standards were created to prevent "suburban" development in favor of denser, "urban" development and to ensure that new structures compliment and fit in with the historic buildings in downtown. In October 2012 Downtown Broken Arrow's main street corridor was named the Rose District.
|Ward 1||Debra Wimpee|
|Ward 2||Mayor Craig Thurmond|
|Ward 3||Mike Lester|
|Ward 4||Vice Mayor Scott Eudey|
Broken Arrow uses the council-manager model of municipal government. The city's primary authority resides in the city council which approves ordinances, resolutions, and contracts. The city council consists of five members with four members are elected from the four city wards with the fifth member as an at-large member. Each council member serves for a two-year term and is eligible to serve for four years. Out of the council members, a mayor and vice-mayor is chosen every two years. The day-to-day operations of the city is run by the city manager who reports directly to the city council.
At the federal level, Broken Arrow lies within Oklahoma's 1st congressional district, represented by Kevin Hern. In the State Senate, Broken Arrow is in District 25 (Joe Newhouse) and 36 (Bill Brown). In the House, District 75 (Karen Gaddis), 76 (Ross Ford), 98 (Michael Rogers) covers the city.
Education in Broken Arrow is provided by Broken Arrow Public Schools. The district operates 25 schools with 15 elementary schools, five middle schools, and five secondary schools. A portion of Broken Arrow is also served by Union Public Schools.
Higher education in Broken Arrow is provided by Northeastern State University (Broken Arrow campus). The campus opened in 2001 and has an upperclassmen and graduate student population of 3,000.
Broken Arrow is also home to Rhema Bible Training Center, established in 1974 by Kenneth E. Hagin; located on 110 acres (45 ha), it has graduated over 40,000 alumni and has seven ministry concentrations. RBTC is currently led by Hagin's son, Kenneth W. Hagin.
The city's two libraries, Broken Arrow Library and South Broken Arrow Library, are part of the Tulsa City-County Library System.
Major highways in Broken Arrow include State Highway 51 (Broken Arrow Expressway). It passes through the north side of the city and leads to downtown Tulsa to the northwest. Heading east on the Broken Arrow Expressway leads to the Muskogee Turnpike, which connects the city to Muskogee. Partial beltway Creek Turnpike circles around the south of the city and connects the Turner Turnpike to the west terminus of the Will Rogers Turnpike.
Broken Arrow has one newspaper, the Broken Arrow Ledger. The paper is published every Wednesday. It is owned by BH Media Group. The Tulsa World, northeast Oklahoma's major daily newspaper, also features Broken Arrow news regularly. The staff at the Ledger has featured journalists and photographers Lesa Jones, Doug Quinn, and G. B. Poindexter.
Cox Cable channel 24 is the Broken Arrow government-access television (GATV) cable TV municipal information channel. It displays, among other things, information about the city government, upcoming events, and general information about the city. The channel also features local weather reports.
Broken Arrow has a website that provides information on the city, its government, local amenities, safety, local news, and economic development. The city's chamber of commerce also has a website, which contains information about the chamber and economic development in the city.
The 1983 U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship was the 38th U.S. Women's Open, held July 28–31 at Cedar Ridge Country Club in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma, a suburb southeast of Tulsa.
In oppressive heat, Jan Stephenson won her third and final major championship with a score of 290 (+6), a stroke ahead of runners-up JoAnne Carner and Patty Sheehan.
The low amateur was 18-year-old Heather Farr of Phoenix, who tied for eleventh place at 296 (+12).Alvin Bailey
Alvin Dewayne Bailey (born August 26, 1991) is an American football guard who is currently a free agent. He played college football at Arkansas. He was signed by the Seattle Seahawks as an undrafted free agent in 2013.Archie Bradley (baseball)
Archie N. Bradley (born August 10, 1992) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Arizona Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball (MLB). He was drafted seventh overall by the Diamondbacks.Brady Bacon
Brady Bacon (born January 26, 1990) is an American racecar driver. Nicknamed 'Macho Man', he currently drives in the USAC Sprint Car Series and won the 2014 national championship. He previously had raced for Kasey Kahne and was a developmental driver for Chip Ganassi Racing.Broken Arrow High School
Broken Arrow Senior High School is the highest level of secondary education in the Broken Arrow Public Schools system, for students in tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grades. The school, combined with the Broken Arrow Freshman Academy, is the largest high school in the state of Oklahoma. The current principal is Liz Burns.Broken Arrow Public Schools
Broken Arrow Public Schools (BAPS) is a public school district in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma. Since its formation in 1904, BAPS has become a dynamic leader in public education. The district resides in an urban-suburban community with nearby agricultural areas and a growing business and industrial base. Serving more than 19,000 students, BAPS has four early childhood centers (Pre-K), 15 elementary schools (grades K-5), five middle schools (grades 6-8), one freshman academy (ninth grade), one high school (grades 10-12), one options academy (BA Academy, BA Virtual School and Margaret Hudson Program).Broken Arrow High School and the Freshman Academy are fully accredited by the state of Oklahoma and the North Central Association of Secondary Schools and Colleges.
The mission of BAPS is to educate, equip and empower a community of learners by providing dynamic learning opportunities which enable all students to be successful.Charles Ogle (racing driver)
Charles A. Ogle (September 7, 1941 – December 26, 1985) was an American physician, businessman, and NASCAR driver who finished second in the 1985 Goody's Dash points standings. Ogle was killed at Daytona International Speedway while testing for the upcoming NASCAR season.DeDe Dorsey
DeDe Dorsey (born August 1, 1984) is a former American football running back. He was signed by the Cincinnati Bengals as an undrafted free agent in 2006. He played college football at Lindenwood.
Dorsey was also a member of the Indianapolis Colts and Detroit Lions. While a member of the Colts, Dorsey won a Super Bowl ring in Super Bowl XLI over the Chicago Bears.Ernest Childers
Ernest Childers (February 1, 1918 – March 17, 2005) was a United States Army officer and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his valorous actions in World War II.JD McPherson
Jonathan David "JD" McPherson, born April 14, 1977, is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist from Broken Arrow, Oklahoma. He is known for a retro sound rooted in the rock and roll, rockabilly, and rhythm and blues music of the 1950s. Among influences such as Little Richard and Fats Domino, McPherson also draws inspiration from artists as diverse as the Wu-Tang Clan, Pixies, and Led Zeppelin.KNYD
KNYD (90.5 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a Christian radio format. Licensed to Broken Arrow, Oklahoma, United States, the station serves multiple markets through a series of broadcast translators and repeater stations. The station is currently owned by Creative Educational Media Corp. Inc.KPIM-LP
KPIM-LP (102.9 FM) is a low-power FM radio station licensed to Broken Arrow, Oklahoma, United States. The station is currently owned by Broken Arrow Catholic Radio, Inc.Kenneth E. Hagin
Kenneth Erwin Hagin (August 20, 1917 – September 19, 2003) was an American preacher.Nathan Dahm
Nathan Ryan Dahm (born January 27, 1983) is an American politician from Broken Arrow, Oklahoma, who was a Republican member of the Oklahoma State Senate. First elected in District 33 in 2012, he is term-limited in 2024. Dahm is running for Oklahoma's 1st congressional district, based in Tulsa; a district represented by Republican Jim Bridenstine who is not seeking re-election. The Republican primary election was on June 26, 2018. Dahm did not receive enough votes to advance to a runoff.R. A. Lafferty
Raphael Aloysius Lafferty (November 7, 1914 – March 18, 2002) was an American science fiction and fantasy writer known for his original use of language, metaphor, and narrative structure, as well as for his etymological wit. He also wrote a set of four autobiographical novels, In a Green Tree; a history book, The Fall of Rome; and several novels of historical fiction.
In March 2011, it was announced in Locus that the copyrights to 29 Lafferty novels and 225 short stories were up for sale. The literary estate was soon thereafter purchased by the magazine's nonprofit foundation, under the auspices of board member Neil Gaiman.Ralph Blane
Ralph Blane (July 26, 1914 – November 13, 1995) was an American composer, lyricist, and performer.Steve Logan (American football)
Steve Logan (born February 3, 1953) is an American football coach who is currently the offensive coordinator and quarterbacks coach for the Birmingham Iron of the Alliance of American Football (AAF). Logan was also the head football coach at East Carolina University from 1992 to 2002, compiling a record of 69–58.Tulsa Open
The Tulsa Open was a golf tournament on the Nationwide Tour. It ran from 1991 to 1992. It was played at Golf Course Of Oklahoma in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma.
In 1992 the winner earned $30,000.Union High School (Tulsa, Oklahoma)
Union High School is the highest level of secondary education in the Union Public Schools system of Tulsa and Broken Arrow, Oklahoma, for students in 10th, 11th and 12th grades. The school, combined with Union 9th Grade Center, is the second-largest high school in the state of Oklahoma, behind only Broken Arrow High School.