Brockton, Massachusetts

Brockton is a city in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States; the population was 95,314 in the 2015 Census. Brockton, along with Plymouth, are the county seats of Plymouth County.[2] Brockton is the seventh largest city in Massachusetts and is sometimes referred to as the "City of Champions", due to the success of native boxers Rocky Marciano and Marvin Hagler, as well as its successful Brockton High School sports programs. Two of the villages within the city are Montello and Campello, both have the distinction of having their own MBTA Commuter Rail Stations and post offices. Campello is the smallest neighborhood in the city, but also the most populous. Brockton hosts a baseball team, the Brockton Rox. Brockton is one of the windiest cities in the United States, with an average wind speed of 14.3 mph.[3]

Brockton, Massachusetts
City Hall
City Hall
Official seal of Brockton, Massachusetts

Seal
Nickname(s): 
The City of Champions
Motto(s): 
"Education, Industry, Progress"
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Brockton is located in Massachusetts
Brockton
Brockton
Location within Massachusetts
Brockton is located in the United States
Brockton
Brockton
Location within the United States
Brockton is located in North America
Brockton
Brockton
Location within North America
Coordinates: 42°05′00″N 71°01′08″W / 42.08333°N 71.01889°WCoordinates: 42°05′00″N 71°01′08″W / 42.08333°N 71.01889°W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
CountyPlymouth
Settled1700
Incorporated1821
Government
 • TypeStrong mayor / Council
 • MayorWilliam Carpenter
 • CouncilBrockton City Council
Area
 • Total21.6 sq mi (55.9 km2)
 • Land21.5 sq mi (55.6 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
112 ft (34 m)
Population
 • Total93,810
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
95,630
 • Density4,300/sq mi (1,700/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
02301
02302
02303
02304
02305
Area code(s)508/774
FIPS code25-09000
GNIS feature ID0617571
Websitewww.brockton.ma.us

History

In 1649, Ousamequin (Massasoit) sold the surrounding land, then known as Saughtucket, to Myles Standish as an addition to Duxbury. Brockton was part of this area, which the English renamed Bridgewater, until 1821, when it became the town of North Bridgewater. Its name changed in 1874, after a contentious process finally decided on naming it after Isaac Brock (the initial British commanding general at Queenston Heights, where invading American troops suffered a rout, in 1812), after a local merchant heard of Brockville, Ontario, on a trip to Niagara Falls. Brockton became a city on April 9, 1881. During the American Civil War, Brockton was America's largest producer of shoes, and until the latter parts of the 20th century Brockton had a large shoe and leather products industry.[4]

1906 Brockton station postcard

Brockton station on a 1906 postcard

Oldest House in Brockton Heights, MA

Oldest house in 1910

Main Street, Looking North From Crescent, Brockton, MA

Main Street c. 1910

Howard & Foster's Shoe Factory, Brockton, MA

Shoe factory in 1910

Historical firsts

World firsts
  • On October 1, 1883, Brockton became the first place in the world to have a three-wire underground electrical system when Thomas Edison threw a switch to activate it.[5]
  • The City Theater opened on October 24, 1894, the first theater in the world to be tied into the three-wire electrical system.
US firsts
  • On December 30, 1884, the first electrically operated fire station in the United States opened in Brockton.
  • The department store Santa Claus appeared in Brockton in December 1890, when James Edgar, of Edgar's Department Store, suited up for the first time.[6]
  • Brockton became the first city in the country to abolish grade crossings in 1896.
World Records
  • On November 23, 2010, Brockton set the world record for the most Santa Hat wearers in one place at one time with 872 people participating in the event.[7]
  • On November 20, 2011 Brockton doubled the city's Santa Claus hat-wearing record with 1792 people in downtown Brockton wearing hats.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.6 square miles (56 km2), of which 21.5 square miles (56 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.56%) is water. Brockton is the 162nd largest city by land area in the Commonwealth, and the twelfth largest of the twenty-seven towns in Plymouth County. Brockton is bordered by Stoughton to the northwest, Avon to the north, Holbrook to the northeast, Abington to the northeast, Whitman and East Bridgewater to the southeast, West Bridgewater to the south, and Easton to the west. Brockton is approximately 25 miles south of Boston, and 30 miles northeast of Providence, Rhode Island.

Brockton is mostly an urban setting, lying along the Salisbury Plain River, which once powered the many shoe factories of the city. To the northeast lies the Beaver Brook Conservation Land, attached to the southern end of the Ames Nowell State Park in Abington. There are several parks throughout the city, but the largest is D.W. Field Park, an Olmsted-inspired park which includes ponds, Waldo Lake and Brockton Reservoir in Avon, as well as a golf course.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18301,953—    
18402,616+33.9%
18503,939+50.6%
18606,584+67.1%
18708,007+21.6%
188013,608+70.0%
189027,294+100.6%
190040,063+46.8%
191056,878+42.0%
192066,254+16.5%
193063,797−3.7%
194062,343−2.3%
195062,860+0.8%
196072,813+15.8%
197089,040+22.3%
198095,172+6.9%
199092,788−2.5%
200094,304+1.6%
201093,810−0.5%
201695,630+1.9%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[19]

As of the census[20] of 2010, there were 93,810 people, 35,552 households, and 22,764 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,398.4 people per square mile (1,695.9/km2). There were 34,837 housing units at an average density of 1,622.8 per square mile (626.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 46.7% White (42.2% including white hispanics), 31.2% African American, 0.36% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, and 10.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.0% of the population. The African-American population in Brockton has grown significantly in the early 2000s.

2013 estimates state Brockton's demographics as: 42.8% White, 43.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 10.3% from other races, 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.8% of the population.[21]

Brockton has the largest population of Cape Verdean ancestry in the United States, with 9.0% of its population reporting this ancestry.[22] Brockton also reportedly has one of the largest communities of Angolans in the United States.

As of 2000, there were 33,675 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 19.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,507, and the median income for a family was $46,235. Males had a median income of $34,255 versus $26,886 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,163. About 12.1% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over. Statistically, Brockton is the most populous and most densely populated community in Plymouth County. It is the sixth largest community in the commonwealth, the largest of the sub-100,000 person cities. However, it is only the twenty-seventh most densely populated community in the Commonwealth.

Income

Data is from the 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[23][24][25]

Rank ZIP Code (ZCTA) Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
Massachusetts $35,763 $66,866 $84,900 6,605,058 2,530,147
Plymouth County $35,220 $75,092 $90,431 497,386 179,617
United States $28,155 $53,046 $64,719 311,536,594 115,610,216
1 02301 (West Brockton) $22,728 $61,060 $65,914 34,929 11,516
Brockton $21,942 $49,025 $57,773 93,911 32,856
2 02302 (East Brockton) $21,477 $44,144 $53,080 58,982 21,340

Government

On the national level, Brockton is a part of Massachusetts's 8th congressional district, and has been represented since 2001 by Stephen Lynch.

On the state level, Brockton is represented in three districts in the Massachusetts House of Representatives: the Ninth Plymouth, Tenth Plymouth (which includes West Bridgewater and Precinct 1 of East Bridgewater), and the Eleventh Plymouth (which includes most of Easton). The city is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Second Plymouth and Bristol district, which includes Halifax, Hanover, Hanson, Whitman and portions of East Bridgewater and Easton[26] In addition to the Brockton Police department the city is patrolled by the Fourth (Middleborough) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police.[27] Brockton also has several citizen anti-crime groups including the Guardian Angels and Operation Archangel.

Brockton has a city government led by a mayor and city council. The city elects a mayor for two-year terms. Previous mayors include Winthrop H. Farwell, Jr., John T. Yunits, Jr., David Crosby, Carl Pitaro, Richard Wainwright, John E. Sullivan, Alvin Jack Sims, Joseph H. Downey and Paul Studenski. James Harrington was elected Mayor in 2005 and began his term in January 2006. He was re-elected November 6, 2007, for another two-year term. He had previously served 16 years as a City Councilor. In the fall of 2009, City Councilor Linda Balzotti defeated Harrington to become the city's first female mayor. Balzotti was defeated in 2013 by Bill Carpenter who won the election only by 44 votes. In 2009, community activist Jass Stewart was elected to councilor-at-large becoming the first African American to serve in Brockton's city council. The city council consists of 4 Councilors-at-Large and 7 ward Councilors, one for every ward in the city.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 15, 2008[28]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 26,316 50.55%
Republican 4,612 8.86%
Unaffiliated 20,726 39.81%
Minor Parties 408 0.78%
Total 52,062 100%

Healthcare

Brockton has three hospitals, Signature Healthcare Brockton Hospital on the east side, Good Samaritan Medical Center - a Steward Family Hospital (formerly Caritas Good Samaritan, and before that Cardinal Cushing) Hospital to the northwest, and the Brockton Veterans Administration Hospital to the southwest. The VA Hospital is the sponsoring institution for the Harvard South Shore Psychiatry program. It serves as a teaching facility for residents of various medical specialties from Boston University, physician assistant students from Northeastern University, nursing students from the University of Massachusetts Boston and pharmacy students from the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

Brockton has a community health center that serves individuals with low income and poor access to health care at Brockton Neighborhood Health Center.[29]

Fire department

Central Fire Station, Brockton MA
Central Fire Station, the quarters of Squad A, Ladder 1, and the Deputy Chief

The city of Brockton is protected around the clock by 174 paid, professional firefighters of the city of Brockton Fire Department. The Brockton Fire Department currently operates out of six fire stations, located throughout the city, and maintains a fire apparatus fleet of five engines, three ladders, one squad, one tactical rescue unit and several other special, support, and reserve units. The fire department does not provide EMS services; ambulance coverage is handled by Brewster Ambulance.

In 1905, local newspapers recounted many heroic acts by Brockton firefighters during the Grover Shoe Factory disaster.[30] On March 10, 1941, thirteen Brockton firefighters died when the roof collapsed as they were fighting a fire at the Strand Theatre.[31] That fire resulted in one of the worst firefighting tragedies in American history.

Law enforcement and public safety

The City of Brockton Police Department has roughly 181 sworn members and 31 non-sworn employees. The officers are assigned to the Patrol Division, and Operations Division which includes; Detectives, Narcotics, Gang Unit, Special Weapons And Tactics, K-9, Quality of Life, GREAT Program, Elderly Affairs, and Community Education Units.[32]

Education

Public schools

Brockton operates its own school system for the city's approximately 15,600 students. There is an early education school (Barrett Russell), ten elementary schools (Angelo, Arnone, Baker, Brookfield, Downey, George, Gilmore, Hancock, John F. Kennedy and Raymond), the Davis K-8 school, six middle/junior high schools (North, East, West, South, Ashfield and the Plouffe Academy), Brockton High School and four alternative schools (Huntington, Edison, Champion and B.B. Russell). Brockton High's athletics teams are called the Boxers (after the city's undefeated heavyweight boxing champion, Rocky Marciano).

Private schools

Brockton was home to three parochial schools (Sacred Heart, Saint Casimir and Saint Edward) which merged in 2007 to form two schools. Trinity Lower Campus at the former Saint Edwards school site, and Trinity Upper Campus located on the former site of the Saint Colman's school, one Christian school (South Shore Christian and the Brockton Christian School closed in 2010), and Cardinal Spellman High School, a Catholic high school named for Francis Cardinal Spellman, Brockton area native and former Archbishop of New York. Students may also choose to attend tuition-free Southeastern Regional Vocational Technical High School (in South Easton).

Higher education

Brockton is the site of Massasoit Community College and the Eastern Nazarene College offers Adult Studies/LEAD classes in Brockton.[33]

Transportation

Major highways

Massachusetts Route 24, a six-lane divided motorway, passes through the west side of the city, with exits at Route 27 to the north and Route 123 to the south. The two routes pass through the center of the city, crossing at that point. Massachusetts Route 28 passes from north to south through the center of the city, The western end of Route 14 (at its intersection with Route 27) and the southern end of Route 37 (at its intersection with Route 28) both are in the city.

Bus

Brockton has its own bus services, operated by the Brockton Area Transit Authority (BAT). Each bus has a designated route running through a section of Brockton, i.e. Montello, Campello, Cary Hill, etc. There are also buses that have routes outside the city. i.e. Bridgewater Industrial Park, Ashmont Station (MBTA subway end-of-line), Stoughton and a connecting bus stop in Montello to the Braintree Station (MBTA subway end-of-line).

Rail

The Middleborough/Lakeville Line of the MBTA's commuter rail system passes through the city on the eastern side, with stops in the Montello and Campello neighborhoods, as well as in the city center, providing service to points south and South Station in Boston north of the city.

Awards and honors

100 Best Communities for Young People

Brockton was named one of the 100 Best Communities for Young People in the United States in 2005, 2008, 2010, and 2011. This prestigious award is given out by America's Promise Alliance in recognition of those communities that are taking action to reduce dropout rates and provide supportive services to youth. Despite the challenges it has had over the years, Brockton has made the success of its youth a high priority and was honored for its continued commitment to education, mentoring and volunteerism. Through the collaborative efforts of the Plymouth County District Attorney's Office, the Mayor's Office, the Superintendent and Police Department, along with area nonprofits and parents, the community has flourished with a host of resources for its young people.[34]

Music

Brockton is home to the Brockton Symphony Orchestra, a community orchestra founded in 1948.[35][36] The orchestra performs five or six concerts per season at local venues such as Brockton's West Middle School Auditorium and the Oliver Ames Auditorium in the neighboring town of Easton. The orchestra comprises 65 musicians from the greater Brockton area and its musical director since 2007 is James Orent, a guest conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra and Boston Pops.[37][38]

Festivals

Brockton Summer Concert Series[39]

Downtown Brockton Arts and Music Festival - end of August annually[40][41]

Towerfest - Columbus Day Weekend annually [42]

Veterans Day Parade annually

Holiday Parade - Late November annually

Amateur sports

Based at Campanelli Stadium the Brockton Rox play in the Futures Collegiate Baseball League (FCBL). From 2003 through 2011 the team was a member of the independent professional Can-Am League but in 2012 decided to join the amateur FCBL. Collegiate players on FCBL teams, who are looking for more experience and scouting exposure, are offered non-paid playing opportunities.[43]

Time Capsules

DelanoBrockton
Headlines posted in street-corner window of newspaper office (Brockton Enterprise), 60 Main Street, Brockton, Massachusetts, December 1940

By Organization

JLS Mailing Organization

In celebration of the 100th anniversary of JLS Mailing Services in Brockton on October 5, 2018 JLS Mailing hosted a centennial event from its founding as the Joyce Lettershop by Elizabeth Joyce Braddock in 1918. At the centennial event, a time capsule was buried to be recovered in 50 years, in 2068, at the 150th anniversary celebration. The time capsule contains letters from Mayor Bill Carpenter and Governor Charlie Baker as well as the founding contributors. This was also the opening of the JLS Mail Museum, the only institution of its kind in the United States.[44]

Brockton West Branch Library

In coordination with the John F Kennedy Elementary school as well as the Belmont School of Brockton, Massachusetts a time capsule was buried in honor of the legacy the Kennedy family.[45]

W.B. Mason Building, Brockton MA
W.B. Mason building

Other

There is a central police station on Commercial Street, six fire stations, and three post offices (the main building, plus branches in Montello and Campello). The city supports three buildings within the Brockton Public Library system. The main library is a Carnegie building and is located at 304 Main Street, and there are two branch libraries.[46]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Top 101 cities with the highest average wind speeds (population 50,000+)". www.city-data.com.
  4. ^ Allegrini, Elaine. "Once known as 'Shoe City,' Brockton loses its last factory".
  5. ^ Edison's Fabulous Breakthrough in Brockton, Massachusetts, thomasedison.com; accessed April 16, 2014.
  6. ^ Department Store Santa Tradition; retrieved April 19, 2011
  7. ^ World Records Academy; accessed April 16, 2014.
  8. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  9. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  17. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, pp. 21-7 through 21-09, Massachusetts Table 4. Population of Urban Places of 10,000 or more from Earliest Census to 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  20. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-02. Retrieved 2015-01-12.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ Cape Verdean ancestry by city, epodunk.com; accessed April 16, 2014.
  23. ^ "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
  24. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
  25. ^ "HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
  26. ^ Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, mass.gov; accessed April 16, 2014.
  27. ^ "Mass.gov". Mass.gov.
  28. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 15, 2008" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  29. ^ Brockton Neighborhood Health Center website; accessed April 16, 2014.
  30. ^ Canavan, Derek A. "Remembering Brockton's Greatest Tragedy". The men of the Campello firehouse were heroes that day. As hundreds of workers and residents of the Campello neighborhood ran from the fire, the Campello firefighters charged into the inferno looking for workers whose cries for help were barely audible over the roar of the flames.
  31. ^ Valencia, Milton J. (May 4, 2008). "A memory painful and indelible". The Boston Globe. Outside, the flames roaring through the walls and ceiling were clearly visible. But to the firefighters inside, on the balcony, the flames were hidden.
  32. ^ Brockton Police Department website; accessed April 16, 2014.
  33. ^ "ENC's Adult and Graduate Studies Program expands into satellite locations around the state". Nazarene Communications Network. December 18, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-12-23. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
  34. ^ America's Promise Alliance 100 Best Communities for Young People (2010); accessed April 16, 2014.
  35. ^ Pfeifer, Ellen (10 April 1998). "Handel rarity is a royal tragedy; Brockton Symphony celebrates 50 years". Boston Herald; retrieved December 3, 2012 via Highbeam (subscription required)
  36. ^ Webmaster, BrSO. "The Brockton Symphony Orchestra". www.brocktonsymphony.org.
  37. ^ Mccready, Daniel (February 25, 2012)."Orchestra to bring 'Life' to Brockton" Archived August 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. The Enterprise; retrieved December 3, 2012.
  38. ^ Knox, Robert (September 9, 2007). "Brockton Symphony's pilot - New director plans both rare, popular works". Boston Globe; retrieved December 3, 2012 via Highbeam (subscription required)
  39. ^ Primavera, Jessica. "Free summer concerts return to Brockton".
  40. ^ Downtown Brockton Arts and Music Festival
  41. ^ "About Us". Brockton Arts. 2015-08-29. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  42. ^ "Photos: Brockton's Towerfest offers a bird's-eye view of D.W. Field Park". The Enterprise, Brockton, MA. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  43. ^ Staff (February 29, 2012). "Brockton Rox Join FCBL". pointstreaksites.com. Retrieved August 4, 2013.
  44. ^ "One Century of JLS Mailing Services - WhatTheyThink". whattheythink.com. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  45. ^ "John F Kennedy Elementary Time Capsule – The Golden Child Foundation". thegoldenchild.foundation. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  46. ^ "Brockton Public Library". Brockton Public Library. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  47. ^ Uncredited, Six notable African-Americans with ties to the Brockton area. The Enterprise, February 7, 2010. Retrieved 2017-02-03.

External links

Arthur Brides

Arthur E. Brides (October 31, 1885 – September 26, 1937) was an American football player and coach. He served as the head coach at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill from 1909 to 1910 and at Massachusetts Agricultural College—now the University of Massachusetts Amherst—from 1912 to 1915, compiling a career college football record of 20–23–4.

Brides was born on October 31, 1885 in Brockton, Massachusetts. He died on September 26, 1937 in Stoughton, Massachusetts of a heart attack.

Brockton Airport

Brockton Airport was an airfield operational in the mid-20th century in Brockton, Massachusetts.

Brockton Brightfield

Brockton Brightfield in Brockton, Massachusetts is a solar power plant in New England. Consisting of 1,395 photovoltaic panels on a 3.7-acre (1.5 ha) site, it has a maximum output of 425 kilowatts. It was officially opened on October 26, 2006, on the site of the former Brockton Gas Works.When built, the site was said to be the largest "brightfield" in the U.S., although other developments since then are larger. "Brightfield" is a term for an abandoned industrial site that has been turned into a solar-power facility. It is a blend of the words "bright" and "brownfield", the latter referring to abandoned, often polluted, industrial sites that have been redeveloped.

It was the largest photovoltaic site in New England for several years, but was surpassed by several utility-owned sites in 2010.

Brockton Public Schools

Brockton Public Schools (BPS) is the school district of Brockton, Massachusetts, United States. The Director of Special Ed is Laurie Mason.

Cardinal Spellman High School (Brockton, Massachusetts)

Cardinal Spellman High School is a private college preparatory high school of Catholic denomination established in 1958 and located in Brockton, Massachusetts, United States. Like the school's fellow Catholic school and sports rival, Archbishop Williams High School, it operates separately from the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston. The school is named after Cardinal Francis Spellman.

Edward Gilmore

Edward Gilmore (January 4, 1867 – April 10, 1924) was a United States Representative from Massachusetts. He was born in Brockton, Massachusetts. He attended the public schools, and Massachusetts State University extension classes. He engaged in mercantile pursuits. He was a member of the Democratic State committee 1896–1903, and was a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1900 and 1904. He served as president of the Brockton Board of Aldermen 1901–1906.

He was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1907 and 1908. He was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-third Congress (March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1915). He then served as postmaster of Brockton 1915–1923, city assessor in 1923 and 1924, and died in Boston. His interment was in Calvary Cemetery in Brockton.

Hastings Keith

Hastings Keith (November 22, 1915 – July 19, 2005) was a United States Representative from Massachusetts.

Keith was born in Brockton, Massachusetts on November 22, 1915. He graduated from Brockton High School, Deerfield Academy, and the University of Vermont in 1938. He performed graduate work at Harvard University. He was a member of the faculty of the Boston University Evening College of Commerce.

In 1933, he was a student in the Citizens Military Training Camps. He served as battery officer in Massachusetts National Guard. During the Second World War served in the United States Army with eighteen months overseas service in Europe. Keith was a graduate of the Command and General Staff School, and was a colonel in the US Army Reserve. He was a salesman and later district manager for the Equitable Life Assurance Society in Boston. He was a member of the Massachusetts Senate, a partner in a general insurance firm in Brockton and was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination for Congress in 1956.

He was elected as a Republican to the Eighty-sixth and to the six succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1973). On April 19, 1974 President Nixon appointed Hastings Keith of Massachusetts as a Member of the Defense Manpower Commission. He was not a candidate for reelection in 1972 to the Ninety-third Congress, but was a candidate for nomination in 1992 to the One Hundred Third Congress until he withdrew from the race. He died in Brockton on July 19, 2005. He was buried at Union Cemetery in Brockton.

Ken MacAfee

Kenneth Adams MacAfee, Jr. (born January 9, 1956), is a former professional American football player. He played collegiately at the University of Notre Dame and professionally for the San Francisco 49ers.

Kristian Alfonso

Kristian-Joy Alfonso (born September 5, 1963) is an American actress, former figure skater and fashion model. She is best known for playing Hope Williams Brady, which she has played since 1983 on the NBC dramatic serial Days of Our Lives.

Marvelous Marvin Hagler

Marvelous Marvin Hagler (born Marvin Nathaniel Hagler; May 23, 1954) is an American former professional boxer who competed from 1973 to 1987. He reigned as the undisputed middleweight champion from 1980 to 1987, making twelve defenses of that title, and currently holds the highest knockout percentage of all undisputed middleweight champions, at 78%, while also holding the second longest unified championship reign in boxing history at twelve consecutive defenses. At six years and seven months, his reign as undisputed middleweight champion is the second longest of the last century, behind only Tony Zale, who reigned during World War II. In 1982, annoyed that network announcers often did not refer to him by his nickname, "Marvelous", Hagler legally changed his name to Marvelous Marvin Hagler.Hagler is an inductee of the International Boxing Hall of Fame and the World Boxing Hall of Fame. He was named Fighter of the Decade (1980s) by Boxing Illustrated magazine, and twice named Fighter of the Year by The Ring magazine and the Boxing Writers Association of America. In 2001 and 2004, The Ring named him the fourth greatest middleweight of all time and in 2002 named him the 17th greatest fighter of the past 80 years. The International Boxing Research Organization rates Hagler as the 6th greatest middleweight of all time, while BoxRec rates him the 12th greatest boxer of all time, pound for pound; and the 4th best middleweight of all time. Many analysts and boxing writers consider Hagler to have one of the most durable chins in boxing history.

Michelle DuBois

Michelle M. DuBois is a Democratic member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives. She was elected in November 2014 to represent the 10th Plymouth District (West Bridgewater, the east side of Brockton, and Precinct 1 of East Bridgewater) and was sworn in on January 7, 2015. Rep. DuBois was re-elected to a second term on November 8, 2016, after running uncontested.In late March 2017, Rep. DuBois worked to compromise a supposed U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) a raid in Brockton, Massachusetts by posting a warning on Facebook.In 2018 she called for a sign at the Massachusetts State House honoring General Joseph Hooker to be removed, stating that his name was a “double entendre” that was “tone deaf” and “patriarchal”.

Pooch Hall

Marion H. "Pooch" Hall, Jr. (born February 8, 1977) is an American television and film actor, rapper, and model known for his role as Derwin Davis, the football player on The CW/BET sitcom The Game, and as Ricky in the 2011 film Jumping the Broom. He currently plays the character of Daryll Donovan in the Showtime drama Ray Donovan.

Hall portrayed Muhammad Ali in the 2016 sports biography film, Chuck, about Ali's opponent Chuck Wepner and the Ali-Wepner 1975 world heavyweight title boxing bout.

Rich Dubee

Richard Peter Dubee, Jr. (born October 19, 1957) is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) coach. He has previously coached at the Major League level for the Florida Marlins (now Miami Marlins), Philadelphia Phillies, and Detroit Tigers.

Robert O. Harris

Robert Orr Harris (November 8, 1854 – June 13, 1926) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts, son of Benjamin Winslow Harris.

Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Harris attended the common schools and Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire.

He graduated from Harvard in 1877.

He studied law.

He was admitted to the bar in 1879 and practiced in Boston and Brockton, Massachusetts from 1879 to 1902.

He served as member of the State house of representatives in 1889.

He served as district attorney for the southeastern district of Massachusetts 1891-1901.

He served as associate judge of the superior court of Massachusetts from June 4, 1902, to March 1, 1911.

Harris was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-second Congress (March 4, 1911 – March 3, 1913).

He was not a candidate for renomination in 1912.

He resumed the practice of law.

He was appointed United States district attorney for the Massachusetts district by President Harding in 1921 and served until removed by President Coolidge in December 1924.

He died in Brockton, Massachusetts, June 13, 1926.

He was interred in Central Cemetery, East Bridgewater, Massachusetts.

Salisbury Plain River

The Salisbury Plain River is a 4.7-mile-long (7.6 km) river in Plymouth County, Massachusetts that flows from the city of Brockton into the towns of West Bridgewater and East Bridgewater where it joins the Matfield River, a major tributary of the Taunton River.The Salisbury Plain River flows through the heart of Brockton, Massachusetts, once a major shoe manufacturing center. The river is formed by several smaller streams, including Trout Brook, Cary Brook, and Salisbury Brook.

Shawn Fanning

Shawn Fanning (born November 22, 1980 in Brockton, Massachusetts) is an American computer programmer, entrepreneur, and angel investor. He developed Napster, one of the first popular peer-to-peer ("P2P") file sharing platforms, in 1999. The popularity of Napster was widespread and Fanning was featured on the cover of Time magazine.The site in its initial free P2P incarnation was shut down in 2001 after the company's unsuccessful appeal of court orders arising from its encouraging the illegal sharing of copyrighted material. A paid subscription version of the site followed, and was purchased by Rhapsody on December 1, 2011. Following his involvement with Napster, he joined, and invested in, a number of early-stage technology startup companies.

The Enterprise (Brockton)

The Enterprise is an afternoon daily newspaper published in Brockton, Massachusetts. It is considered a newspaper of record for Brockton and nearby towns in northern Bristol and Plymouth counties, and southern Norfolk County.

The Fuller-Thompson family owned The Enterprise for 115 years prior to its 1996 sale to joint venture headed by incumbent president Myron F. Fuller and new majority owner James F. Plugh, who was said to have paid between $20 million and $30 million. Plugh formed a new corporate parent for the paper, Newspaper Media Corporation, and expressed a desire to buy other New England newspapers.

Plugh in 1997 purchased The Patriot Ledger and its chain of weeklies, Memorial Press Group, paying an estimated $60 million to $70 million. As newspapers moved to the internet, the two afternoon dailies—whose reporters competed in 12 suburban towns—established a common website.

Six years later, Plugh yielded a majority stake in what was now known as Enterprise NewsMedia to Heritage Partners Inc., an investment firm based in Boston, Massachusetts. Heritage was said to have paid $113 million to buy into The Enterprise, The Patriot Ledger, and Memorial Press Group.

Plugh remained on board as publisher until 2004, when he became vice president of Enterprise NewsMedia and hired Kirk A. Davis as publisher.

In 2006, Enterprise NewsMedia was sold to Liberty Publishing, which changed its name to GateHouse Media as part of a $225 million deal including Community Newspaper Company and its four Massachusetts dailies. The company later purchased the Taunton Daily Gazette.

Headquartered in Fairport, N.Y., GateHouse is one of the largest publishers of locally based print and online media in the country as measured by its 86 daily publications. GateHouse serves local audiences of about 10 million per week across 21 states through 400 community publications and 350 local websites. The company also owns Propel Marketing, a provider of digital services to small and mid-sized companies.

In September 2013, an affiliate of the principal shareholder of GateHouse Media,Fortress Investment Group, purchased the Dow Jones Local Media Group. Among the eight daily and 25 weekly publications included in the sale were the Cape Cod Times, the Standard Times of New Bedford and the Portsmouth (N.H.) Herald. GateHouse manages all of those publications.

In November 2013, GateHouse emerged from prepackaged Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, less than two months after filing to restructure $1.2 billion of debt that was scheduled to come due in August 2014. The company is now owner by New Media Investment Group Inc.

Michael Reed, director and chief executive officer of GateHouse, said the bankruptcy filing was a strategic decision to facilitate this restructuring, and GateHouse was able to continue operations while in Chapter 11 without disruption.

Pension, trade and all other unsecured creditors of GateHouse were not affected. Secured lenders, whose debt was cancelled under the plan, received choice of shares in New Media or a 40 percent cash distribution. The publicly traded shares of GateHouse were cancelled, with shareholders receiving warrants for New Media stock.

Kirk Davis is chief executive officer of GateHouse New England. Mark Olivieri is the publisher of The Patriot Ledger and The Enterprise and Lisa Strattan is the editor.

The Enterprise moved from its longtime editorial and business office at 60 Main St. to 1324 Belmont St. in 2008.

The New England Newspaper Association named The Enterprise as its Newspaper of the Year for 2007 among papers with daily circulations of 22,500 to 35,500. The Enterprise received the same honor for 2006 from the New England Press Association. Original research by Jon santosuosso

WKAF

WKAF is a radio station in the Boston, Massachusetts market licensed to Brockton, Massachusetts, airing a gold-based urban adult contemporary format branded as "The New 97.7." It broadcasts on 97.7 MHz, and serves the Metro Boston and South Shore areas of Massachusetts. The station's studios are located in Medford and the transmitter site is atop Great Blue Hill.

Westgate Mall (Brockton)

Westgate Mall is a shopping mall in the city of Brockton, Massachusetts. It is the oldest enclosed shopping mall in the state. Westgate Mall features Sears, Burlington, Best Buy, Bath and Body Works, Jo-Ann Fabrics, Famous Footwear, Old Navy, Planet Fitness, and a mix of more than 65 specialty stores including Victoria’s Secret, The Children’s Place and Rue21. Previous anchors include Jordan Marsh, Filene's, Bradlees, Gilchrist's, Child World, CW Price, Fallas, Toys "R" Us, and Macy's. Eateries include Buffalo Wild Wings, IHOP and Auntie Anne's. Westgate Mall is located at the intersection of Routes 24 and 27 in Brockton and accessible via the Brockton Area Transit Authority. Although Westgate Mall's GLA is small by regional standards, it is also surrounded by numerous adjacent big-box stores including: Walmart, Lowe's, A.C. Moore, Market Basket, Marshalls, and Dick's Sporting Goods. These standalone retailers complement the main building, driving increased traffic to the location as a shopping destination.

On January 4, 2017, it was announced that Macy's would be closing as part of a plan to close 68 stores nationwide. The store closed in March 2017. On June 29, 2018, Toys "R" Us closed after the chain's liquidation. On August 6, 2018, it was announced Fallas would also be closing as part of a plan to close 74 stores nationwide after parent company National Stores filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. The former Macy's was partially replaced with Burlington and Planet Fitness in September 2018 and October 2018 respectfully. On January 8, 2019, Ocean State Job Lot announced that it would be opening in the former Toys "R" Us sometime in 2019.

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