Britney Spears

Britney Jean Spears (born December 2, 1981)[1] is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, and actress. Born in McComb, Mississippi and raised in Kentwood, Louisiana, she appeared in stage productions and television series, before signing with Jive Records in 1997. Spears's first two studio albums, ...Baby One More Time (1999) and Oops!... I Did It Again (2000), were global successes and made her the best-selling teenage artist of all-time. Referred to as the "Princess of Pop", Spears was credited with influencing the revival of teen pop during the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Spears adopted more mature and provocative themes for her next two studio albums, Britney (2001) and In the Zone (2003), and made her feature film debut in a starring role in Crossroads (2002). Following a series of heavily publicized personal struggles and erratic public behavior, Spears' career was interrupted before the release of her fifth studio album Blackout (2007), which is often critically referred to as her best work. Her erratic behavior and hospitalizations led Spears to be placed on a still ongoing conservatorship. She returned to the top of record charts with her sixth and seventh studio albums, Circus (2008) and Femme Fatale (2011). In 2012, Forbes reported that Spears was the highest paid female musician of the year, with earnings of $58 million, having last topped the list in 2002.[2] During the promotion of her eighth and ninth studio albums, Britney Jean (2013) and Glory (2016), Spears embarked on a four-year concert residency, Britney: Piece of Me, at Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino in Las Vegas.

Five of Spears's singles have reached number one in the United States: "...Baby One More Time", "Womanizer", "3", "Hold It Against Me" and "S&M". Other singles, "Oops!... I Did It Again" and "Toxic", topped Australian and Canadian charts. Spears has earned numerous awards and accolades, including a Grammy Award, six MTV Video Music Awards, including the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award, seven Billboard Music Awards, including the Millennium Award[3] and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Billboard ranked her as the eighth biggest artist of the 2000s decade.[4] One of the world's best-selling music artists, Spears has sold over 100 million records worldwide.[5] In the United States, Spears remains the fourth best-selling female album artist of the Nielsen SoundScan era,[6] as well as the best-selling female albums artist of the 2000s.[7][8][9] In 2004, she launched a perfume brand with Elizabeth Arden, Inc., from which sales exceeded US$1.5 billion, as of 2012.[10]

Britney Spears
Britney Spears 2013 (Straighten Crop)
Spears in Carson, California in May 2013
Born
Britney Jean Spears

December 2, 1981 (age 37)
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • dancer
  • actress
Years active1992–present
Home townKentwood, Louisiana, U.S.
Spouse(s)
  • Jason Allen Alexander
    (m. 2004; ann. 2004)
  • Kevin Federline
    (m. 2004; div. 2007)
Children2
Parent(s)
Relatives
Musical career
Genres
InstrumentsVocals
Labels
Associated actsInnosense
Websitebritneyspears.com
britney.com

Life and career

1981–1997: Early life and career beginnings

Spears was born in McComb, Mississippi, the second child of Lynne Irene Bridges and James Parnell Spears. Her maternal grandmother, Lillian Portell, was English (born in London), and one of Spears's maternal great-great-grandfathers was Maltese.[11] Her siblings are Bryan James and Jamie Lynn.[12] Britney was born in the Bible Belt, where socially conservative evangelical Protestantism is a particularly strong religious influence.[13] Spears was baptized into the Southern Baptist Convention, but later in life studied Kabbalist teachings.[14] She sang in a Baptist church choir as a child.[15]

At age three, she started attending dance lessons in her hometown of Kentwood, Louisiana, and was selected to perform as a solo artist at the annual recital. Spears made her local stage debut at age five, singing "What Child Is This?" at her kindergarten graduation. During her childhood, she also attended gymnastics and voice lessons, and won many state-level competitions and children's talent shows.[16][17][18] She said about her ambition as a child, "I was in my own world, [...] I found out what I'm supposed to do at an early age".[17]

At age eight, Spears and her mother Lynne traveled to Atlanta, Georgia to audition for the 1990s revival of The Mickey Mouse Club. Casting director Matt Casella rejected her as too young, but introduced her to Nancy Carson, a New York City talent agent. Carson was impressed with Spears's singing and suggested enrolling her at the Professional Performing Arts School; shortly after, Lynne and her daughters moved to a sublet apartment in New York. Spears was hired for her first professional role as the understudy for the lead role of Tina Denmark in the Off-Broadway musical Ruthless!. She also appeared as a contestant on the popular television show Star Search and was cast in a number of commercials.[19][20] In December 1992, she was cast in The Mickey Mouse Club alongside Christina Aguilera, Justin Timberlake, Ryan Gosling, and Keri Russell. After the show was canceled in 1996, she returned to Mississippi and enrolled at McComb's Parklane Academy. Although she made friends with most of her classmates, she compared the school to "the opening scene in Clueless with all the cliques. [...] I was so bored. I was the point guard on the basketball team. I had my boyfriend, and I went to homecoming and Christmas formal. But I wanted more."[17][21]

In June 1997, Spears was in talks with manager Lou Pearlman to join the female pop group Innosense. Lynne asked family friend and entertainment lawyer Larry Rudolph for his opinion and submitted a tape of Spears singing over a Whitney Houston karaoke song along with some pictures. Rudolph decided he wanted to pitch her to record labels, therefore she needed a professional demo. He sent Spears an unused song of Toni Braxton; she rehearsed for a week and recorded her vocals in a studio with a sound engineer. Spears traveled to New York with the demo and met with executives from four labels, returning to Kentwood the same day. Three of the labels rejected her, arguing that audiences wanted pop bands such as the Backstreet Boys and the Spice Girls, and "there wasn't going to be another Madonna, another Debbie Gibson, or another Tiffany."[22]

Two weeks later, executives from Jive Records returned calls to Rudolph.[22] Senior vice president of A&R Jeff Fenster stated about Spears's audition that "it's very rare to hear someone that age who can deliver emotional content and commercial appeal...For any artist, the motivation—the 'eye of the tiger'—is extremely important. And Britney had that."[17] Spears then sang Houston's "I Have Nothing" (1992) for the executives, and was subsequently signed to the label.[23] They appointed her to work with producer Eric Foster White for a month, who reportedly shaped her voice from "lower and less poppy" delivery to "distinctively, unmistakably Britney."[24] After hearing the recorded material, president Clive Calder ordered a full album. Spears had originally envisioned "Sheryl Crow music, but younger; more adult contemporary" but felt secure with her label's appointment of producers, since "It made more sense to go pop, because I can dance to it—it's more me." She flew to Cheiron Studios in Stockholm, Sweden, where half of the album was recorded from March to April 1998, with producers Max Martin, Denniz Pop and Rami Yacoub, among others.[17]

1998–2000: ...Baby One More Time and Oops!... I Did It Again

After Spears returned to the United States, she embarked on a shopping mall promotional tour to promote her upcoming debut album. Her show was a four-song set and she was accompanied by two back up dancers. Her first concert tour followed, as an opening act for NSYNC.[25] Her debut studio album, ...Baby One More Time, was released on January 12, 1999.[26] It debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 and was certified two-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America after a month. Worldwide, the album topped the charts in fifteen countries and sold over 10 million copies in a year.[27] It became the biggest selling album ever by a teenage artist.[18]

The title track was released as the lead single from the album. Originally, Jive Records wanted its music video to be animated; however, Spears rejected it, and suggested the final idea of a Catholic schoolgirl.[24] The single sold 500,000 copies on its first day, and peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100, topping the chart for two consecutive weeks. It has sold more than 10 million copies, making it one of the best-selling singles of all time.[28][29] "...Baby One More Time" later received a Grammy nomination for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance.[30] The title track also topped the singles chart for two weeks in the United Kingdom, and became the fastest-selling single ever by a female artist, shipping over 460,000 copies.[31] It would later become the 25th-most successful song of all time in British chart history.[32] Spears is also the youngest female artist to have a million seller in the country.[33] "(You Drive Me) Crazy" was released as the third single from the album. It became a top-ten hit worldwide and further propelled the success of the ...Baby One More Time album. The album has sold 32 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling albums of all time. It is also the best-selling debut album by any artist ever.[34]

The April 1999 cover of Rolling Stone featured Spears lying on her bed, wearing a bra, shorts and an open top. The American Family Association (AFA) referred to the shoot as "a disturbing mix of childhood innocence and adult sexuality" and called on "God-loving Americans to boycott stores selling Britney's albums." Spears responded to the outcry commenting, "What's the big deal? I have strong morals. [...] I'd do it again. I thought the pictures were fine. And I was tired of being compared to Debbie Gibson and all of this bubblegum pop all the time."[35] Shortly before, Spears had announced publicly she would remain a virgin until marriage.[18] On June 28, 1999, Spears began her first headlining ...Baby One More Time Tour in North America, which was positively received by critics,[36] but generated some controversy due to her racy outfits.[37] An extension of the tour, titled Crazy 2k, followed in March 2000. Spears premiered songs from her upcoming second album during the show.[21]

Oops!... I Did It Again, her second studio album, was released in May 2000. It debuted at number one in the US, selling 1.3 million copies, breaking the SoundScan record for the highest debut sales by any solo artist.[38] The album has sold over 20 million copies worldwide to date, making it one of the best-selling albums of all time.[39] Rob Sheffield of Rolling Stone said that "the great thing about Oops! – under the cheese surface, Britney's demand for satisfaction is complex, fierce and downright scary, making her a true child of rock & roll tradition."[40] The album's lead single, "Oops!... I Did It Again", peaked at the top of the charts in Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and many other European nations.[33][41] The album as well as the title track received Grammy nominations for Best Pop Vocal Album and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, respectively.[42]

The same year, Spears embarked on the Oops!... I Did It Again Tour, which grossed $40.5 million; she also released her first book, Britney Spears' Heart to Heart, co-written with her mother.[18][43] On September 7, 2000, Spears performed at the 2000 MTV Video Music Awards. Halfway through the performance, she ripped off her black suit to reveal a sequined flesh-colored bodysuit, followed by heavy dance routine. It is noted by critics as the moment that Spears showed signs of becoming a more provocative performer.[44] Amidst media speculation, Spears confirmed she was dating NSYNC member Justin Timberlake.[18] She also bought a home in Destin, Florida.[45]

2001–2002: Britney and Crossroads

Britney Spears - Overprotected (Mexico City) 2002
Spears performing "Overprotected" at the Dream Within a Dream Tour in July 2002.

In February 2001, Spears signed a $7–8 million promotional deal with Pepsi, and released another book co-written with her mother, titled A Mother's Gift.[18] Her self-titled third studio album, Britney, was released in November 2001. While on tour, she felt inspired by hip hop artists such as Jay-Z and The Neptunes and wanted to create a record with a funkier sound.[46] The album debuted at number one in the Billboard 200 and reached top five positions in Australia, the United Kingdom and mainland Europe and sold over 12 million copies worldwide.[33][47][48] Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic called Britney "the record where she strives to deepen her persona, making it more adult while still recognizably Britney. [...] It does sound like the work of a star who has now found and refined her voice, resulting in her best record yet."[49] The album was honored with two Grammy nominations—Best Pop Vocal Album and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "Overprotected"— and was listed in 2008 as one of Entertainment Weekly's "100 Best Albums from the Past 25 Years".[50][51] The album's first single, "I'm a Slave 4 U", became a top-ten hit worldwide.[52]

Spears's performance of the single at the 2001 MTV Video Music Awards featured a caged tiger and a large albino python draped over her shoulders. It was harshly received by animal rights organization PETA, who claimed the animals were mistreated and scrapped plans for an anti-fur billboard that was to feature Spears.[44] To support the album, Spears embarked on the Dream Within a Dream Tour. The show was critically praised for its technical innovations, the pièce de résistance being a water screen that pumped two tons of water into the stage.[53][54] The tour grossed $43.7 million, becoming the second highest-grossing tour of 2002 by a female artist, behind Cher's Farewell Tour.[55] Her career success was highlighted by Forbes in 2002, as Spears was ranked the world's most powerful celebrity.[56] Spears also landed her first starring role in Crossroads, released in February 2002. Although the film was largely panned, critics praised Spears's acting and the film was a box office success.[57][58][59] Crossroads, which had a $12 million budget, went on to gross over $61.1 million worldwide.[59]

In June 2002, Spears opened her first restaurant, Nyla, in New York City, but terminated her relationship in November, citing mismanagement and "management's failure to keep her fully apprised".[60] In July 2002, Spears announced she would take a six-month break from her career; however, she went back into the studio in November to record her new album.[61] Spears's relationship with Justin Timberlake ended after three years. In December 2002, Timberlake released the song "Cry Me a River" as the second single from his solo debut album. The music video featured a Spears look-alike and fueled the rumors that she had been unfaithful to him.[62][63] As a response, Spears wrote the ballad "Everytime" with her backing vocalist and friend Annet Artani.[64] The same year, Limp Bizkit frontman Fred Durst said that he was in a relationship with Spears. However, Spears denied Durst's claims. In a 2009 interview, he explained that "I just guess at the time it was taboo for a guy like me to be associated with a gal like her."[65]

2003–2005: In the Zone and marriages

Britney Spears
Spears performing at the NFL Kickoff Live in September 2003.

In 2003 Spears opened the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards with Christina Aguilera, performing "Like a Virgin". Halfway through they were joined by Madonna, with whom they both kissed. The incident was highly publicized.[59] Spears released her fourth studio album, In the Zone, in November 2003. She assumed more creative control by writing and co-producing most of the material.[18] Vibe called it "A supremely confident dance record that also illustrates Spears's development as a songwriter."[66] NPR listed the album as one of "The 50 Most Important Recording of the Decade", adding that "the decade's history of impeccably crafted pop is written on her body of work."[67] In the Zone sold over 609,000 copies in the United States and debuted at the top of the charts, making Spears the first female artist in the SoundScan era to have her first four studio albums to debut at number one.[18] It also debuted at the top of the charts in France and the top ten in Belgium, Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands.[68] In the Zone sold over 10 million copies worldwide.[69] The album produced the hit singles: "Me Against the Music", a collaboration with Madonna; "Toxic"—which won Spears her only Grammy for Best Dance Recording; "Everytime" and "Outrageous".[18]

In January 2004, Spears married childhood friend Jason Allen Alexander at A Little White Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas, Nevada. The marriage was annulled 55 hours later, following a petition to the court that stated that Spears "lacked understanding of her actions".[70] In March 2004, she embarked on The Onyx Hotel Tour in support of In the Zone.[71] In June 2004, Spears fell and injured her left knee during the music video shoot for "Outrageous". Spears underwent arthroscopic surgery. She was forced to remain six weeks with a thigh brace, followed by eight to twelve weeks of rehabilitation, which caused The Onyx Hotel Tour to be canceled.[72] During 2004, Spears became involved in the Kabbalah Centre through her friendship with Madonna.[73]

In July 2004, Spears became engaged to American dancer Kevin Federline, whom she had met three months before. The romance received intense attention from the media, since Federline had recently broken up with actress Shar Jackson, who was still pregnant with their second child at the time.[18] The stages of their relationship were chronicled in Spears's first reality show Britney & Kevin: Chaotic. They held a wedding ceremony on September 18, 2004, but were not legally married until three weeks later on October 6 due to a delay finalizing the couple's prenuptial agreement.[74] Shortly after, she released her first perfume with Elizabeth Arden, Curious, which broke the company's first-week gross for a perfume.[18] In October 2004, Spears took a career break to start a family.[75] Greatest Hits: My Prerogative, her first greatest hits compilation album, was released in November 2004.[76] Spears's cover version of Bobby Brown's "My Prerogative" was released as the lead single from the album, reaching the top of the charts in Finland, Ireland, Italy and Norway.[77] The second single, "Do Somethin'", was a top ten hit in Australia, the United Kingdom and other countries of mainland Europe.[78][79] In August 2005, Spears released "Someday (I Will Understand)", which was dedicated to her first child, a son, who was born the following month.[80] In November 2005, she released her first remix compilation, B in the Mix: The Remixes, which consists of eleven remixes.[81] It has sold over 1 million copies worldwide.[82]

2006–2007: Personal struggles and Blackout

Britney Spears car october 2007 (cropped)
Spears leaving court surrounded by press in October 2007

In February 2006, pictures surfaced of Spears driving with her son, Sean, on her lap instead of in a car seat. Child advocates were horrified by the photos of her holding the wheel with one hand and Sean with the other. Spears claimed that the situation happened because of a frightening encounter with paparazzi, and that it was a mistake on her part.[18] The following month, she guest-starred on the Will & Grace episode "Buy, Buy Baby" as closeted lesbian Amber Louise.[83] She announced she no longer studied Kabbalah in June 2006, explaining, "my baby is my religion."[73] Two months later, Spears posed nude for the cover of Harper's Bazaar. The picture was heavily compared to Demi Moore's August 1991 Vanity Fair cover.[18] In September 2006, she gave birth to her second child, a son.[84] In November 2006, Spears filed for divorce from Federline, citing irreconcilable differences.[85] Their divorce was finalized in July 2007, when the couple reached a global settlement and agreed to share joint custody of their children.[86]

Spears's aunt Sandra Bridges Covington, with whom she had been very close, died of ovarian cancer in January 2007.[87] In February, Spears stayed in a drug rehabilitation facility in Antigua for less than a day. The following night, she shaved her head with electric clippers at a hair salon in Tarzana, Los Angeles. She admitted herself to other treatment facilities during the following weeks.[88] In May 2007, she produced a series of promotional concerts at House of Blues venues, titled The M+M's Tour.[89] In October 2007, Spears lost physical custody of her children to Federline. The reasons of the court ruling were not revealed to the public.[90] Spears was also sued by Louis Vuitton over her 2005 music video "Do Somethin'" for upholstering her Hummer interior in counterfeit Louis Vuitton cherry blossom fabric, which resulted in the video being banned on European TV stations.[91]

In October 2007, Spears released her fifth studio album, Blackout. The album debuted at the top of charts in Canada and Ireland, number two in the U.S. Billboard 200, France, Japan, Mexico and the United Kingdom and the top ten in Australia, Korea, New Zealand and many European nations. In the United States, Spears became the only female artist to have her first five studio albums debut at the two top slots of the chart.[92] The album received positive reviews from critics and has sold over 3 million copies worldwide.[93][94] Blackout won Album of the Year at MTV Europe Music Awards 2008 and was listed as the fifth Best Pop Album of the Decade by The Times.[95][96] Spears performed the lead single "Gimme More" at the 2007 MTV Video Music Awards. The performance was panned by many critics.[97] Despite the backlash, the single rocketed to worldwide success, peaking at number one in Canada and the top ten in almost every country it charted.[98][99] The second single "Piece of Me" reached the top of the charts in Ireland and reached the top five in Australia, Canada, Denmark, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. The third single "Break the Ice" was released the following year and had moderate success due to Spears not being able to promote it properly.[100][101][102] In December 2007, Spears began a relationship with paparazzo Adnan Ghalib.[103]

2008–2010: Conservatorship and Circus

In January 2008, Spears refused to relinquish custody of her sons to Federline's representatives. She was hospitalized at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center after police that arrived at her house noted she appeared to be under the influence of an unidentified substance. The following day, Spears's visitation rights were suspended at an emergency court hearing, and Federline was given sole physical and legal custody of the children. She was committed to the psychiatric ward of Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center and put on 5150 involuntary psychiatric hold. The court placed her under temporary, and later, permanent[104] conservatorship of her father James Spears and attorney Andrew Wallet, giving them complete control of her assets.[18] She was released five days later.[105]

The following month, Spears guest-starred on the How I Met Your Mother episode "Ten Sessions" as receptionist Abby. She received positive reviews for her performance, as well as bringing the series its highest ratings ever.[106][107] In July 2008, Spears regained some visitation rights after coming to an agreement with Federline and his counsel.[108] In September 2008, Spears opened the MTV Video Music Awards with a pre-taped comedy sketch with Jonah Hill and an introduction speech. She won Best Female Video, Best Pop Video and Video of the Year for "Piece of Me".[109] A 60-minute introspective documentary, Britney: For the Record, was produced to chronicle Spears's return to the recording industry. Directed by Phil Griffin, For the Record was shot in Beverly Hills, Hollywood, and New York City during the third quarter of 2008.[110] The documentary was broadcast on MTV to 5.6 million viewers for the two airings on the premiere night. It was the highest rating in its Sunday night timeslot and in the network's history.[111]

Britney-Spears Boys
Spears performing "Boys" at The Circus Starring Britney Spears on March 5, 2009

In December 2008, Spears's sixth studio album Circus was released. It received positive reviews from critics[112] and debuted at number one in Canada, Czech Republic and the United States, and inside the top ten in many European nations.[99][113] In the United States, Spears became the youngest female artist to have five albums debut at number one, earning a place in Guinness World Records.[114] She also became the only act in the Soundscan era to have four albums debut with 500,000 or more copies sold.[113] The album was one of the fastest-selling albums of the year,[115] and has sold 4 million copies worldwide.[116] Its lead single, "Womanizer", became Spears's first number one in the Billboard Hot 100 since "...Baby One More Time". The single also topped the charts in Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Norway and Sweden.[117][118] It was also nominated for a Grammy in the category of Best Dance Recording.[119] In January 2009, Spears and her father James obtained a restraining order against her former manager Sam Lutfi, ex-boyfriend Adnan Ghalib and attorney Jon Eardley – all of whom, court documents claim, had been conspiring to gain control of Spears's affairs. The restraining order forbids Lutfi and Ghalib from contacting Spears or coming within 250 yards of her, her property or family members.[120] Spears embarked on The Circus Starring Britney Spears in March 2009. With a gross of U.S. $131.8 million, it became the fifth highest-grossing tour of the year.[121]

In November 2009, Spears released her second greatest hits album, The Singles Collection. The album's lead and only single, "3" became her third number one single in the U.S.[122] In May 2010, Spears's representatives confirmed she was dating her agent Jason Trawick, and that they had decided to end their professional relationship to focus on their personal relationship.[123] Spears designed a limited edition clothing line for Candie's, which was released in stores in July 2010.[124] In September 2010, she made a cameo appearance on a Spears-themed tribute episode of American TV show Glee, titled "Britney/Brittany". The episode drew Glee's highest ratings ever.[125][126]

2011–2012: Femme Fatale and The X Factor

In March 2011, Spears released her seventh studio album Femme Fatale.[127] The album peaked at number one in the United States, Canada, and Australia, and peaked inside the top ten on nearly every other chart. Its peak in the United States ties Britney with Mariah Carey and Janet Jackson for the third-most number ones among women.[128] It has sold 1,000,000 copies in the United States, and has been certified platinum by the RIAA.[129]

The album's lead single "Hold It Against Me" debuted at number-one on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming Spears's fourth number-one single on the chart and making her the second artist in history to have two consecutive singles debut at number one, after Mariah Carey.[130] The second single "Till the World Ends" peaked at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 in May,[131] while the third single "I Wanna Go" reached number seven in August. Femme Fatale became Spears's first album in which three of its songs reached the top ten of the chart. The fourth and final single "Criminal" was released in September 2011. The music video caused controversy when British politicians criticized Spears for using replica guns while filming the video in an area of London that had been badly affected by the 2011 England riots.[132] Spears's management briefly responded, stating, "The video is a fantasy story featuring Britney's boyfriend, Jason Trawick, which literally plays out the lyrics of a song written three years before the riots ever happened."[133] In April 2011, Spears appeared in a remix of Rihanna's song "S&M".[134] It reached number one in the US later in the month, giving Spears her fifth number one on the chart.[135] On Billboard's 2011 Year-End list, Spears was ranked number fourteen on the Artists of the Year,[136] thirty-two on Billboard 200 artists and ten on Billboard Hot 100 artists.[137][138] Spears co-wrote "Whiplash", a song from American pop rock band Selena Gomez & the Scene' third album When the Sun Goes Down.[139]

Britney GM Detroit FFT
Spears performing "Gimme More" at the Femme Fatale Tour, July 2011

In June 2011, Spears embarked on the Femme Fatale Tour.[140] The first ten dates of the tour grossed $6.2 million, landing the fifty-fifth spot on Pollstar's Top 100 North American Tours list for the half-way point of the year.[141] The tour ended on December 10, 2011 in Puerto Rico after 79 performances.[142] A DVD of the tour was released in November 2011.[143] In August 2011, Spears received the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award at the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards.[144] The next month, she released her second remix album, B in the Mix: The Remixes Vol. 2.[145] In December, Spears became engaged to her long-time boyfriend Jason Trawick, who had formerly been her agent.[146] Trawick became a co-conservator of Spears, alongside her father, in April 2012.[147] In January 2013, Spears and Trawick ended their engagement. Trawick was also removed as Spears's co-conservator, restoring her father as the sole conservator.[148][149]

In May 2012, Spears was hired to replace Nicole Scherzinger as a judge for the second season of the U.S. version of The X Factor, joining Simon Cowell, L.A. Reid and fellow new judge Demi Lovato, who replaced Paula Abdul. With a reported salary of $15 million, she became the highest-paid judge on a singing competition series in television history.[150] However, Katy Perry broke her record in 2018 after Perry was signed for a $25-million salary to serve as a judge on ABC's revival of American Idol.[151][152] She mentored the Teens category; her final act, Carly Rose Sonenclar, was named the runner-up of the season. Spears did not return for the show's third season and her spot was filled by Kelly Rowland.[153] Spears was featured on will.i.am's "Scream & Shout", which was released as a single from his fourth studio album, #willpower (2013). The song later became Spears's sixth number one single on the UK Singles Chart and peaked at No. 3 on US Billboard Hot 100. Scream & Shout was among the best selling songs of 2012 and 2013 with denoting sales of over 8.1 million worldwide, the accompanying music video was the third-most viewed video in 2013 on VEVO despite the video being released in 2012.[154] In December, Forbes magazine named her music's top-earning woman of 2012, with estimated earnings of $58 million.[155]

2013–2015: Britney Jean and Britney: Piece of Me

BritneyPOM1
Spears performing during her Las Vegas concert residency, Britney: Piece of Me, in January 2014

Spears began work on her eighth studio album, Britney Jean, in December 2012,[156] and enlisted will.i.am as its executive producer in May 2013.[157] During the production of Britney Jean, Spears recorded the song "Ooh La La" for the soundtrack of The Smurfs 2, which was released in June 2013.[158] On September 17, 2013, she appeared on Good Morning America to announce her two-year concert residency at Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino in Las Vegas, titled Britney: Piece of Me. It began on December 27, 2013, and included a total of 100 shows throughout 2014 and 2015.[159][160] During the same appearance, Spears announced that Britney Jean would be released on December 3, 2013, in the United States.[161][162] It was released through RCA Records due to the disbandment of Jive Records in 2011, which had formed the joint RCA/Jive Label Group (initially known as BMG Label Group) between 2007 and 2011.[163] Britney Jean became Spears's final project under her original recording contract with Jive, which had guaranteed the release of eight studio albums.[164] The record received a low amount of promotion and had little commercial impact, reportedly due to time conflicts involving preparations for Britney: Piece of Me.[165] Upon its release, the record debuted at number four on the U.S. Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 107,000 copies, becoming her lowest-peaking and lowest-selling album in the United States.[166] Britney Jean debuted at number 34 on the UK Albums Chart, selling 12,959 copies in its first week. In doing so, it became Spears's lowest-charting and lowest-selling album in the country.[167]

"Work Bitch" was released as the lead single from Britney Jean on September 16, 2013, one day earlier than expected after being leaked online.[168] It debuted and peaked at number 12 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 marking Spears's 31st song on the chart and the fifth highest debut of her career on the chart, and her seventh in the top 20. It also marked Spears's 19th top 20 hit and overall her 23rd top 40 hit. The song marked Spears's highest sales debut since her 2011 number one hit "Hold It Against Me". "Work Bitch" also had commercial success in the UK debuting and peaking at number 7 on the UK Singles Chart. The song also charted well in several other countries, peaking within the top ten of the charts in Brazil, Canada, France, Italy, Mexico, Spain and South Korea.[169]

The second single "Perfume" premiered on November 3, 2013, two days earlier than originally announced.[170][171] It debuted and peaked at number 76 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100.[172] In October 2013, she was featured as a guest vocalist on Miley Cyrus's track "SMS (Bangerz)", taken from her fourth studio album Bangerz (2013).[173] On January 8, 2014, Spears won Favorite Pop Artist at the 40th People's Choice Awards at the Microsoft Theater in Los Angeles.[174] In August 2014, Spears confirmed she had renewed her contract with RCA and that she was writing and recording new music for her next album.[175] Spears announced through her Twitter account in August 2014 that she would be releasing an intimate apparel line called "The Intimate Britney Spears". It was available to be purchased beginning on September 9, 2014 in the United States and Canada through Spears's Intimate Collection website. It was later available on September 25 for purchase in Europe. The company now ships to over 200 countries including Australia and New Zealand.[176] On September 25, 2014, Spears confirmed on Good Morning Britain that she had extended her contract with The AXIS and Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino, to continue Britney: Piece of Me for two additional years.[177]

In March 2015, it was confirmed by People magazine that Spears would release a new single, "Pretty Girls", with Iggy Azalea, on May 4, 2015.[178] The song debuted and peaked at number 29 on the Billboard Hot 100 and charted moderately in international territories. Spears and Azalea performed the track live at the 2015 Billboard Music Awards from The AXIS, the home of Spears's residency, to positive critical response. Entertainment Weekly praised the performance, noting "Spears gave one of her most energetic televised performances in years."[179] On June 16, 2015, Giorgio Moroder released his album, Deja Vu, that featured Spears on "Tom's Diner".[180] The song was released as the fourth single from the album on October 9.[181] In an interview, Moroder praised Spears's vocals and said that she did a "good job" with the song and also stated that Spears "sounds so good that you would hardly recognize her."[182][183] At the 2015 Teen Choice Awards, Spears received the Candie's Style Icon Award, her ninth Teen Choice Award.[184] In November, Spears guest starred as a fictionalized version of herself on The CW series, Jane the Virgin.[185] On the show, she danced to "Toxic" with Gina Rodriguez's character.[186]

2016–2017: Glory and continued residency

Britney Spears - Circus POM Las Vegas February 2016 (Cropped)
Spears performing "Circus" during her Las Vegas concert residency on February 2016.

In 2016, Spears confirmed via social media that she had begun recording her ninth studio album.[187] On March 1, 2016, V magazine announced that Spears would appear on the cover of its 100th issue, dated March 8, 2016, in addition to revealing three different covers shot by photographer Mario Testino for the milestone publication.[188] Editor-in-chief of the magazine, Stephen Gan, revealed that Spears was selected for the "V100" issue because of her status as an icon in the industry. On the decision, Gan stated, "who in our world did not grow up listening to her music?"[189] In May 2016, Spears launched a casual role-play gaming application titled Britney Spears: American Dream. The app, created by Glu Mobile, was made available through both iOS and Google Play.[190] On May 22, 2016, Spears performed a medley of her past singles at the 2016 Billboard Music Awards.[191][192] In addition to opening the show, Spears was honored with the Billboard Millennium Award.[193] On July 14, 2016, Spears released the lead single, "Make Me...", from her ninth studio album, featuring guest vocals from American rapper G-Eazy.[194] The album, Glory, was formally released on August 26, 2016. On August 16, 2016, MTV and Spears announced that she would perform at the 2016 MTV Video Music Awards.[195] The performance marked Spears's first time returning to the VMA stage after her widely controversial performance of "Gimme More" at the 2007 show nine years earlier.[196] Along with "Make Me...", Spears and G-Eazy also performed the latter's hit song "Me, Myself & I".[197]

Spears appeared on the cover of Marie Claire UK for the October 2016 issue. In the publication, Spears revealed that she had suffered from crippling anxiety in the past, and that motherhood played a major role in helping her overcome it.[198] "My boys don't care if everything isn't perfect. They don't judge me," Spears said in the issue.[199] In November 2016, during an interview with Las Vegas Blog, Spears confirmed she had already begun work on her next album, stating: "I'm not sure what I want the next album to sound like. [...] I just know that I'm excited to get into the studio again and actually have already been back recording."[200] In January 2017, Spears received four wins out of four nominations at the 43rd People's Choice Awards, including Favorite Pop Artist, Female Artist, Social Media celebrity as well as Comedic Collaboration for a skit with Ellen DeGeneres for The Ellen DeGeneres Show.[201] In March 2017, Spears announced that her residency concert would be performed abroad as a world tour, Britney: Live in Concert, with dates in select Asian cities.[202][203][204] In April 2017, the Israeli Labor Party announced that it would reschedule its July primary election to avoid conflict with Spears's sold-out Tel Aviv concert, citing traffic and security concerns.[205]

Spears's manager Larry Rudolph also announced the residency would not be extended following her contract expiration with Caesars Entertainment at the end of 2017. On April 29, 2017, Spears became the first recipient of the Icon Award at the 2017 Radio Disney Music Awards.[206] On November 4, 2017, Spears attended the grand opening of the Nevada Childhood Cancer Foundation Britney Spears Campus in Las Vegas.[207] Later that month, Forbes announced that Spears was the 8th highest earning female musician, earning $34 million in 2017.[208] On December 31, 2017, Spears performed the final show of Britney: Piece of Me.[209] The final performance reportedly brought in $1.172 million, setting a new box office record for a single show in Las Vegas, and breaking the record previously held by Jennifer Lopez.[209] The last show was broadcast live with performances of "Toxic" and "Work Bitch" airing on ABC's Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve to a record audience of 25.6 million.[210]

2018–present: Piece of Me Tour, business ventures and hiatus

On January 8, 2018, Spears announced her 24th perfume with Elizabeth Arden, Sunset Fantasy.[211] On January 23, 2018, Spears revealed that she will bring her Las Vegas residency show abroad once again as a summer world tour. The Piece of Me Tour began in July 2018, with shows performed in North America and Europe.[212] Tickets for the show sold out within minutes in major cities, prompting additional dates to be announced due to overwhelming demand.[213] It was also announced that Pitbull would serve as the supporting act for the European leg.[214] During the two months that the Piece of Me Tour was performed, it ranked at 86 and 30 on Pollstar's 2018 Year-End Top 100 Tours chart both in North America and worldwide, respectively. In total, the tour grossed $54.3 million with 260,531 tickets sold and was the 6th highest-grossing female tour of 2018, and was the United Kingdom's 2nd best-selling female tour of 2018.[215][216]

On March 20, 2018, Spears was announced as the new face of the contemporary French luxury fashion house KENZO.[217] The company said it aimed to shake up the 'jungle' world of fashion with Spears's 'La Collection Memento No. 2' campaign.[218] On April 12, 2018, Spears was honored with the 2018 GLAAD Vanguard Award at the GLAAD Media Awards for her role in "accelerating acceptance for the LGBTQ community".[219] On April 27, 2018, Epic Rights announced a new partnership with Spears to debut her own fashion line in 2019, which would include clothing, fitness apparel, accessories, and electronics.[220] In July 2018, Spears released her first unisex fragrance, Prerogative, labelled as a fragrance for all.[221] On October 21, 2018, Spears performed at the Formula One Grand Prix in Austin, which ultimately served as the final performance of her Piece of Me Tour.[222]

On October 18, 2018, Spears announced her second Las Vegas residency show, Britney: Domination, which was set to launch at Park MGM's Park Theatre in February 13, 2019.[223] Spears was slated to make $507,000 per show, which would have made her the highest paid act on the Las Vegas Strip.[224][225] However, on January 4, 2019, she announced that the residency was cancelled due to her father's ill health. According to her team, her father recently suffered from a near-fatal colon rupture, and is currently recuperating at home after a lengthy hospital course. Her team also announced that Spears would go on an indefinite work hiatus, putting all activities and commitments on hold, so that she can spend time with her family.[226]

Artistry

Musical style

Following her debut, Spears was credited with leading the revival of teen pop in the late 1990s. The Daily Yomiuri reported that "[m]usic critics have hailed her as the most gifted teenage pop idol for many years, but Spears has set her sights a little higher-she is aiming for the level of superstardom that has been achieved by Madonna and Janet Jackson."[227] Rob Sheffield of Rolling Stone wrote: "Britney Spears carries on the classic archetype of the rock & roll teen queen, the dungaree doll, the angel baby who just has to make a scene."[228] Following the release of her debut album, Chuck Taylor of Billboard observed, "Spears has become a consummate performer, with snappy dance moves, a clearly real-albeit young-and funkdified voice ... "(You Drive Me) Crazy", her third single ... demonstrates Spears's own development, proving that the 17-year-old is finding her own vocal personality after so many months of steadfast practice."[229] Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic referred to her music as a "blend of infectious, rap-inflected dance-pop and smooth balladry."[230]

Oops!...I Did It Again and subsequent albums saw Spears working with several contemporary R&B producers, leading to "a combination of bubblegum, urban soul, and raga."[231] Her third studio album, Britney derived from the teen pop niche, "[r]hythmically and melodically ... sharper, tougher than what came before. What used to be unabashedly frothy has some disco grit, underpinned by Spears' spunky self-determination that helps sell hooks that are already catchier, by and large, than those that populated her previous two albums."[232]

Spears has explored and heavily incorporated the genres of electropop[233][234] and dance music in her albums, as well as influences of urban and hip hop music which are most present in In the Zone and Blackout. She has also experimented with genres such as dubstep, first on Blackout's "Freakshow" and again on "Hold It Against Me" from Femme Fatale.[235][236][237][238][239][240] Spears' music also has been described as dance-pop.[241][242][243]

Vocals

Spears is a soprano.[249][250][251][252] Prior to her breakthrough success, she is described as having sung "much deeper than her highly recognizable trademark voice of today", with Eric Foster White, who worked with Spears for her debut album ...Baby One More Time, being cited as "[shaping] her voice over the course of a month" upon being signed to Jive Records "to where it is today—distinctively, unmistakably Britney".[22] Rami Yacoub who co-produced Spears's debut album with lyricist Max Martin, commented, "I know from Denniz Pop and Max's previous productions, when we do songs, there's kind of a nasal thing. With N' Sync and the Backstreet Boys, we had to push for that mid-nasal voice. When Britney did that, she got this kind of raspy, sexy voice."[253]

Guy Blackman of The Age wrote that "[t]he thing about Spears, though, is that her biggest songs, no matter how committee-created or impossibly polished, have always been convincing because of her delivery, her commitment and her presence. [...] Spears expresses perfectly the conflicting urges of adolescence, the tension between chastity and sexual experience, between hedonism and responsibility, between confidence and vulnerability."[254] Producer William Orbit, who collaborated with Spears on her album Britney Jean, stated regarding her vocals: "[Britney] didn't get so big just because [she] put on great shows; [she] got to be that way because [her voice is] unique: you hear two words and you know who is singing".[255] Spears has also been criticised for her reliance on auto tune.[256]

Influences

Spears has cited artists such as Madonna (left) and Janet Jackson (right) as her major influences

Madonna Rebel Heart Tour 2015 - Stockholm (23051472299) (cropped 2)
JanetJacksonUnbreakableTourSanFran2015 (cropped)

Spears has cited her major influences in her career as being Madonna, Janet Jackson, and Whitney Houston, her "three favorite artists" as a child whom she would "sing along to [...] day and night in [her] living room"; Houston's "I Have Nothing" was the song she auditioned to that landed her record deal with Jive Records.[257] Throughout her career, Spears has drawn frequent comparisons to Madonna and Jackson in particular, in terms of vocals, choreography and stage presence. According to Spears: "I know when I was younger, I looked up to people... like, you know, Janet Jackson and Madonna. And they were major inspirations for me. But I also had my own identity and I knew who I was."[258] In the 2002 book Madonnastyle by Carol Clerk, she is quoted saying: "I have been a huge fan of Madonna since I was a little girl. She's the person that I've really looked up to. I would really, really like to be a legend like Madonna."[259]

After meeting Spears face to face, Janet Jackson stated: "she said to me, 'I'm such a big fan; I really admire you.' That's so flattering. Everyone gets inspiration from some place. And it's awesome to see someone else coming up who's dancing and singing, and seeing how all these kids relate to her. A lot of people put it down, but what she does is a positive thing."[260] Madonna said of Spears in the documentary Britney: For the Record: "I admire her talent as an artist [...] There are aspects about her that I recognize in myself when I first started out in my career".[261] She has also named Michael Jackson, Mariah Carey, Sheryl Crow, Otis Redding, Shania Twain, Brandy, Beyoncé, Justin Timberlake, Natalie Imbruglia, Cher and Prince as sources of inspiration.[262][263][264][265][266][267][268]

Legacy

Britney Spears Hollywood Star
Spears's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Rolling Stone magazine wrote about Spears: "One of the most controversial and successful female vocalists of the 21st century," she "spearheaded the rise of post-millennial teen pop ... Spears early on cultivated a mixture of innocence and experience that generated lots of cash."[269] She is listed by the Guinness World Records as having the "Best-selling album by a teenage solo artist" for her debut album ...Baby One More Time which sold over thirteen million copies in the United States.[270] Melissa Ruggieri of the Richmond Times-Dispatch reported: "She's also marked for being the best-selling teenage artist. Before she turned 20 in 2001, Spears sold more than 37 million albums worldwide".[271]

As of 2014, she has sold over 100 million records worldwide, making her one of the best-selling music artists of all time.[5] She was also ranked as the fourth VH1's "50 Greatest Women of the Video Era" show list, ahead of most of her contemporaries and only behind veterans Madonna, Janet Jackson, and Whitney Houston.[272] Spears is also recognized as the best-selling female albums artist of the 2000s, as well as the fifth overall.[7] In December 2009, Billboard magazine ranked Spears the 8th Artist of the 2000s decade in the United States.[4]

Spears is known for her performances and music videos.[273] The music video for her debut single, "...Baby One More Time", was ranked number one on TRL's Final Countdown of the "most iconic music videos."[274] Jocelyn Vena of MTV summarized Spears' performance of her single "I'm a Slave 4 U" at the 2001 MTV Video Music Awards, saying, "draping herself in a white python and slithering around a steamy garden setting – surrounded by dancers in zebra and tiger outfits – Spears created one of the most striking visuals in the 27-year history of the show."[275] The kiss between Spears and Madonna at the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards generated strong reaction from the media.[276] This performance was listed by Blender magazine as one of the twenty-five sexiest music moments on television history.[277] MTV listed the performance as the number-one opening moments in the history of MTV Video Music Awards.[278]

Barbara Ellen of The Observer wrote: "Spears is famously one of the 'oldest' teenagers pop has ever produced, almost middle aged in terms of focus and determination. Many 19-year-olds haven't even started working by that age, whereas Britney, a former Mouseketeer, was that most unusual and volatile of American phenomena — a child with a full-time career. While other little girls were putting posters on their walls, Britney was wanting to be the poster on the wall. Whereas other children develop at their own pace, Britney was developing at a pace set by the ferociously competitive American entertainment industry".[279]

In 2011, Adam Markovitz of Entertainment Weekly commented on Spears's voice and music: "We don't ask a whole lot from Britney Spears as an entertainer...we'll still send her straight up the charts simply because she's Britney. She's an American institution, as deeply sacred and messed up as pro wrestling or the filibuster. Musically, though, Spears will always have to measure up to her own gold standards of pop euphony: the operatic slither of 2004's 'Toxic' and the candied funk of 2000's 'Oops!...I Did It Again.' Spears is no technical singer, that's for sure. But backed by Martin and Dr. Luke's wall of pound, her vocals melt into a mix of babytalk coo and coital panting that is, in its own overprocessed way, just as iconic and propulsive as Michael Jackson's yips or Eminem's snarls."[280] 'Britney Spears' was Yahoo!'s most popular search term between 2005 and 2008, and has been in a total of seven different years.[281] Spears was named as Most Searched Person in the Guinness World Records book edition 2007 and 2009.[282] She was later named as the most searched person of the decade 2000–2009.[283]

Spears has been cited as a musical inspiration by contemporary artists. Gwyneth Paltrow's character in 2010 drama film Country Strong was inspired by the singer's treatment by the media. According to film director Shana Fest, "that's where this movie came from. I mean, I was seeing what was happening in the media to Britney Spears. I think it's tragic how we treat people who give us so much, and we love to see them knocked down to build them back up again, to knock them down again."[284] Nicki Minaj has cited Spears' comeback after her much-publicized personal issues as an inspiration, and commented, "... I feel like my whole career I've been the underdog... a lot of my fans feel like they are the underdog and feel like they are the people who aren't ever accepted for themselves, or who are laughed at or poked fun at forever. It just goes to show that once you keep at whatever it is you're doing, people may not like you, people may not love you, but they will have to respect you at the end of the day. And that respect is all that matters."[285] Lana Del Rey has said that the music video for "Toxic" inspires her.[286]

During the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards, Lady Gaga said that Spears "taught us all how to be fearless, and the industry wouldn't be the same without her."[287] Gaga has also cited Spears as an influence, calling her "the most provocative performer of my time".[288] Miley Cyrus credits Spears as one of her influences, and has referenced the singer in her song "Party in the U.S.A." (2009).[289][290] Spears's hounding by paparazzi and personal breakdown contributed to inspiring Barry Manilow's album 15 Minutes.[291]

Spears has also influenced many other contemporary artists, including Katy Perry,[292] Meghan Trainor,[293] Demi Lovato,[292] Kelly Key,[294] Kristinia DeBarge,[295] Little Boots,[296] Charli XCX,[297] Marina and the Diamonds,[298] Tegan and Sara,[299] Pixie Lott,[300] Grimes,[301] Selena Gomez,[302] Hailee Steinfeld,[303] Tinashe,[304] Victoria Justice,[305] Cassie,[306] The Saturdays,[307] Normani[308] and Cheryl.[309] Before Spears joined The X Factor, Simon Cowell explained that he is "fascinated by [Britney]. The fact that she's one of the most talked about – not just pop stars – but people in the world today, means that you've got this star power. [...] She's still hot, she's still having hit records and she's still controversial, there's a reason for that."[310] Marina and the Diamonds named Spears as the main influence behind her album Electra Heart.[311]

Spears has had a direct influence on singer Porcelain Black's work after growing up around her music as a child. Black describes her music as a "love child between" Marilyn Manson and Spears.[312] Bebo Norman wrote a song about Spears, called "Britney". Boy band Busted also wrote a song about Spears called "Britney", which was on their debut album. South Korean singer, BoA has also spoken of Spears's influence on her. First meeting in 2003 while Spears was promoting In The Zone – Britney would later provide a writing credit to the song "Look Who's Talking" on BoA's eponymous debut English album. Spears's version of the song leaked in 2012.[313][314]

Other ventures

Product and endorsements

In 2000, the singer released a limited edition of glasses titled Shades of Britney.[315] In 2001, Spears signed a deal with shoe company Skechers,[316] and a $7–8 million promotional deal with Pepsi, their biggest entertainment deal at the time.[317] Aside from numerous commercials with the latter during that year, she also appeared in a 2004 Pepsi television commercial in the theme of "Gladiators" with singers Beyoncé, Pink, and Enrique Iglesias.[318] On June 19, 2002, she released her first multi-platform video game, Britney's Dance Beat, which received positive reviews.[319] In March 2009, Spears was announced as the new face of clothing brand Candie's.[320] Dari Marder, chief marketing officer for the brand, explained why they choose the singer, saying, "everybody loves a comeback and nobody's doing it better than Britney. She's just poised for even greater success."[320] In 2010, Spears designed a limited edition line for the brand, which was released in stores in July 2010.[124] In 2011, she teamed up with Sony, Make Up For Ever and PlentyofFish to release her music video for "Hold It Against Me", earning her $500,000 for the product placement.[321] Spears also teamed up with Hasbro in 2012 to release an exclusive version of Twister Dance, which includes a remix of "Till the World Ends". The singer was also featured on a commercial, which was directed by Ray Kay, to promote the game. Spears was also featured on the commercial of "Twister Rave" and the game included a Twister remix of "Circus".[322] In March 2018, it was revealed that Spears would be the face of KENZO, a contemporary French luxury clothing house.[217]

Spears's range of commercial deals and products also includes beauty care products and perfumes. She released her first perfume with Elizabeth Arden, Curious in 2004, which broke the company's first-week gross for a perfume.[18] By 2009, she had released seven more perfumes including Fantasy.[323][324] In 2010, Spears released her eighth fragrance, Radiance. In March 2011, company Brand Sense filed a lawsuit against Spears and Elizabeth Arden seeking $10 million in damages, claiming that the singer and her father, Jamie, stopped paying their thirty-five percent commission that was agreed as part of the contract terms.[325] In July 2011, a Los Angeles judge denied the request by the company lawyers, claiming the fact that Spears is still under conservatorship.[326] Brand Sense, however, stated that they would appeal the decision.[326] In 2011, Radiance was re-issued as a new perfume titled Cosmic Radiance.[327] Worldwide, Spears sold over one million bottles in the first five years, with gross receipts of $1.5 billion. In 2016, Spears contacted Glu Mobile to create her own role-playing game, Britney Spears: American Dream. The app officially launched in May 2016 and is compatible with IOS and Android.[190] On June 17, 2016, Spears announced the release of her twentieth fragrance, Private Show.[328] As of January 2018, Spears has released 24 fragrances through Elizabeth Arden.[329]

Philanthropy

The singer founded The Britney Spears Foundation, a charitable entity set up to help children in need. The philosophy behind the Foundation was that music and entertainment has a healing quality that can benefit children.[330] The Foundation also supported the annual Britney Spears Camp for the Performing Arts, where campers had the opportunity to explore and develop their talents.[331] In April 2002, through the efforts of Spears and The Britney Spears Foundation, a grant of $1 million was made to the Twin Towers Fund to support the children of uniformed service heroes affected by the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, including New York City Fire Department and its Emergency Medical Services Command, the New York City Police Department, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the New York State Office of court Administration and other government offices.[332] However, it was reported in 2008 that the Foundation had a deficit of $200,000.[333] After the singer went through conservatorship, her father and lawyer Andrew Wallet zeroed out the effort, leading to its closure in 2011.[334]

On October 30, 2001, Spears, alongside Bono and other popular recording artists under the name "Artists Against AIDS Worldwide", released a single titled "What's Going On", with the intention to benefit AIDS programs in Africa and other impoverished regions.[335] In the wake of Hurricane Katrina in 2006, Spears donated $350,000 to Music Rising.[336] Later in 2011, the singer raised $200,000 during An Evening of Southern Style at a private residence in Beverly Hills to benefit the St. Bernard Project, with the help of several celebrities, including Hilary Duff, Selena Gomez, Kelly Osbourne, Kellan Lutz and Kim Kardashian.[337] Spears has also helped several charities during her career, including Madonna's Kabbalah-based Spirituality for Kids,[338] cancer charity Gilda's Club Worldwide,[339] Promises Foundation, and United Way, with the latter two focused on giving families from various disadvantaged situations new hope and stable foundations for the future.[336]

On October 24, 2015, Spears donated $120,000 to the Nevada Childhood Cancer Foundation.[340] In addition, $1 of each ticket sale for her Las Vegas residency, Britney: Piece of Me, was donated to the nonprofit organization.[341] Spears also fundraised for the charity through social media, in addition to selling limited edition merchandise, with all proceeds going to the NCCF.[342] On October 27, 2016, Spears partnered with Zappos and XCYCLE to host the Britney Spears Piece of Me Charity Ride in Boca Park, Las Vegas to raise additional money toward her goal of $1 million for the NCCF, with $450,000 having already been raised from Spears's ticket sales and merchandise.[343] Participants were entered for a chance to win a spin class with Spears herself. The event ultimately went on to raise $553,130.[344] The fundraising ultimately led to the development of the NCCF Britney Spears Campus in Las Vegas, which saw its grand opening on November 4, 2017.[345] Spears also regularly participates in Spirit Day to combat bullying of LGBTQ youth and bullying.[346]

Discography

Filmography

Film

Year Title Role Notes
2001 Longshot Flight Attendant Cameo
2002 Crossroads Lucy Wagner
2002 Austin Powers in Goldmember Herself / Fembot Cameo
2003 Pauly Shore Is Dead Herself Cameo
2004 Fahrenheit 9/11 Herself Cameo
2019 Corporate Animals[347] Herself (voice) Cameo

Television

Year Title Role Notes
1999 Kenan & Kel Herself Episode: "Aw, Here It Goes to Hollywood: Part 2"
1999 Sabrina the Teenage Witch Herself Episode: "No Place Like Home"
1999 The Famous Jett Jackson Herself Episode: "Ghost Dance"
1999 Médico de familia Herself Episode: "Otra oportunidad"
2000 The Simpsons Herself (voice) Episode: "The Mansion Family"
2001 Being Mick Herself Television film
2006 Will & Grace Amber-Louise Episode: "Buy, Buy Baby"
2008 How I Met Your Mother Abbie 2 episodes
2010 Glee Herself Episode: "Britney/Brittany"
2015 Jane the Virgin Herself Episode: "Chapter Twenty-Seven"

Concerts

Tours

Residencies

  • Britney: Piece of Me (2013–2017)
  • Britney: Domination (TBD; Placed on hold due to hiatus)[226]

See also

References

  1. ^ "December 2, 1981: Britney Spears Was Born". Lifetime. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  2. ^ "Britney Spears Is The Highest-Paid Woman in Music For 2012; Full List". International Business Times. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  3. ^ "Britney Spears to Perform Hits Medley at Billboard Music Awards".
  4. ^ a b "Artists of the Decade". Billboard. 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  5. ^ a b Schwarz, Hunter (November 6, 2014). "Finally, our elected officials are giving Britney Spears the respect she deserves". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  6. ^ "Ask Billboard: Britney Spears's Career Sales".
  7. ^ a b Grein, Paul (May 29, 2009). "Chart Watch Extra: The Top 20 Album Sellers Of The 2000s". Yahoo! Music. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  8. ^ "Nielsen SoundScan 2009 End Decade Report (Page 7)" (PDF). Nielsen Soundscan. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  9. ^ "BEYONCE, 'NSYNC, OUTKAST TOP DECADE-END SALES LIST". MTV. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  10. ^ "Britney Spears 'X Factor' Deal: By The Numbers". MTV. October 5, 2012. Archived from the original on June 27, 2014. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  11. ^ Spears & Craker 2008, pp. 4, 8. "But on my mama's side, the family tree is a little more colorful and glamorous. Her father, my grandfather, was Anthony Portelli, who came from the island of Malta."
  12. ^ Spears & Craker 2008, p. 211
  13. ^ Soper, Matt (October 1, 2010). "Raising Up a Testimony". Xulon Press – via Google Books.
  14. ^ Lofton, Kathryn (September 12, 2017). "Consuming Religion". University of Chicago Press – via Google Books.
  15. ^ Smit, Christopher R. (December 29, 2017). "The Exile of Britney Spears: A Tale of 21st Century Consumption". Intellect Books – via Google Books.
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External links

...Baby One More Time (album)

...Baby One More Time is the debut studio album by American pop singer Britney Spears. It was released on January 12, 1999 through Jive Records. In June 1997, while Spears negotiated with her manager at the time, Lou Pearlman, to join female pop group Innosense, her mother, Lynne Spears, asked a Spears' family friend and entertainment lawyer, Larry Rudolph, for his opinion. Rudolph took interest and decided to pitch her to record labels. Rudolph submitted a tape of Britney Spears singing over a Whitney Houston karaoke song, along with a demo tape of an unused song from Toni Braxton. Jive Records was interested and appointed the singer to work with producer Eric Foster White. After hearing the recorded material, Jive signed Spears to a multi-album deal.

Spears traveled to Sweden to work with producers Max Martin, Denniz Pop, and Rami Yacoub, among others. Martin presented a track titled "Hit Me Baby (One More Time)" to Spears and her management, which had been rejected by girl group TLC. Spears later claimed that she felt excited when she heard it and knew it was going to be a hit record. Her debut album was completed in June 1998, and the song was released as "...Baby One More Time" as Spears' debut single in October. The single became a global success, reaching number one in every country it charted in, became the best-selling song of 1999 in the UK, and has since become one of the best-selling singles of all-time, selling over 10 million copies.

Upon release, the album received mixed reviews from music critics, with many labeling it silly and premature. ...Baby One More Time was a large commercial success, debuting atop the Billboard 200 chart and Canadian Albums Chart, and reached the top 5 in several countries. It received worldwide certifications, including a 14× platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), for shipments of over 14 million copies in the US, of which Nielsen SoundScan recognizes 10.6 million copies sold. ...Baby One More Time is Spears' most successful album with sales of over 30 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling albums of all-time.

Four additional singles were released from the album and Spears heavily promoted it through interviews and performances on national television. Furthermore, Spears embarked on her first headlining concert tour, entitled the ...Baby One More Time Tour in 1999, and later continued on a second leg title the Crazy 2k Tour. ...Baby One More Time earned Spears Grammy Award nominations for Best New Artist and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "...Baby One More Time" at the 42nd Annual Grammy Awards in 2000.

Blackout (Britney Spears album)

Blackout is the fifth studio album by American singer Britney Spears. It was released on October 25, 2007 through Jive Records. Opting to re-establish her music career after her fourth studio album, In the Zone (2003), she began planning the project in 2006. Work continued into 2007, during which time Spears' much-publicized personal struggles, including several instances of erratic behavior and her divorce from Kevin Federline overshadowed her professional endeavors.

Blackout represents a musical departure from Spears' earlier work featuring a foreboding and atmospheric tone in terms of musical and lyrical direction. She collaborated with producers including Danja, Bloodshy & Avant, Sean Garrett, and The Neptunes in several recording studios around the United States, including Spears' home in Los Angeles, with the intention of creating uptempo, high-energy music. Their efforts resulted in a primarily dance-pop and electropop record, which sees additional influences from Euro disco and dubstep. The lyrical themes revolve around love, fame, media scrutiny, sex, and clubbing.

Upon its release, Blackout received generally favorable reviews from music critics; some complimented it as Spears' most progressive and consistent album. The Times named it as the fifth best pop album of the decade. Blackout was originally scheduled to be released on November 13 in the United States, though it was ultimately rush-released after several unauthorized internet leaks. It was expected to debut at number one on the US Billboard 200, but debuted at number two with first-week sales of 290,000 copies after a last-minute rule change. Consequently, Blackout is distinguished as Spears' first studio album not to debut at number one in the United States, although it was later certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for exceeding one million shipments. The album charted in within the top ten of several national charts internationally, and has attained several certifications worldwide.

Three singles were released from Blackout. Its lead single "Gimme More" peaked at number three on the US Billboard Hot 100. Follow-up singles "Piece of Me" and "Break the Ice" respectively peaked at numbers eighteen and forty-three on the US Billboard Hot 100. Unlike her previous albums, Spears did not heavily promote Blackout; her only televised appearance for Blackout was a universally panned performance of "Gimme More" at the 2007 MTV Video Music Awards. However, many of the songs of Blackout were performed on her tour "The Circus Starring: Britney Spears" in 2009. In 2012, the album was added to the library and archives of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Britney (album)

Britney is the third studio album by American singer Britney Spears. It was released on November 6, 2001 in the United States through Jive Records. Looking to transition from the teen pop styles of her earlier albums ...Baby One More Time (1999) and Oops!... I Did It Again (2000), Spears began to embrace a more mature sound with Britney. Its music incorporates genres of pop and dance-pop with influences of R&B and occasionally dips into elements of disco, hip hop, and rock; its lyrics address the subjects of reaching adulthood and sexuality. Contributions to its production came from a variety of collaborators, including Max Martin and Rami Yacoub. Spears herself assumed a more prominent role in the album's development, co-writing six of its tracks.

Upon its release, Britney received generally mixed reviews from music critics, who complimented the progression from Spears's earlier works, but criticized her increasingly provocative image. The album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 745,750 copies. Its success made Spears the first female artist to have her first three studio albums debut atop the chart, a record she would later break again with her fourth studio album In the Zone (2003). To promote the album, Spears embarked on her fourth concert tour, the Dream Within a Dream Tour, which began in November 2001 and continued until July 2002. The album received a Grammy Award nomination for Best Pop Vocal Album at the 45th Annual Grammy Awards (2003).Six singles were released from the album. "I'm a Slave 4 U" reached the top ten in several countries but reached only number twenty-seven on the US Billboard Hot 100, becoming Spears' first lead single not to peak within the top ten of the Billboard Hot 100. "Overprotected" and "I'm Not a Girl, Not Yet a Woman" had alternated as the second and third single of the album, respectively, both of which performed similarly internationally by reaching top ten in several countries, while the Darkchild remix of the former peaked at number eighty-six on the US Billboard Hot 100. "I'm Not a Girl, Not Yet a Woman", as well as the following singles "I Love Rock 'n' Roll", "Anticipating" (which was released exclusively in France) and "Boys" didn't chart on the US Billboard Hot 100; however all of them except for "Anticipating" reached the top ten in several countries albeit in less than its preceding singles. As of 2015, Britney has sold over 15 million copies worldwide.

Britney Jean

Britney Jean is the eighth studio album recorded by American singer Britney Spears, serving as the singer's second eponymous record after Britney (2001). The album was made available for music download on December 3, 2013 through RCA Records. It marks Spears' first major activity since the dissolution of her long-time record label, Jive Records, in 2011. The singer began recording material for Britney Jean in May 2013, eventually continuing into October of that year. On numerous occasions, Spears has described the album as the most personal record from her catalog. Having assumed an integral position in its production, she co-wrote each track and collaborated with songwriters and producers including Sia Furler and will.i.am to achieve her desired sound. Furthermore, the record features guest vocals from Spears' sister Jamie Lynn, T.I., and will.i.am.

Upon its release, Britney Jean received mixed reviews from music critics, who felt the album was impersonal despite its marketing, and were ambivalent towards its dated production. The album drew controversy over the authenticity of some vocals. The record debuted at number four on the US Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 107,000 copies. In doing so, it became Spears' lowest-peaking and lowest-selling record in the United States. The same happened in the United Kingdom, where it debuted at number 34; worldwide, Britney Jean reached the top 20 and top 30 in most countries. The album was eventually certified gold in United States for combined sales, streams and track-equivalent units of 500,000 units.

"Work Bitch" was released as the lead single from Britney Jean on September 17, 2013. The track debuted and peaked at number 12 on the US Billboard Hot 100, and charted moderately in international territories. "Perfume" was released as the second and final single from the album on November 4, 2013, and peaked at number 76 on the Billboard Hot 100. No further promotion was done for the record, a situation which was reported in the media. However, Spears appeared on Good Morning America on September 17 to announce a two-year (eventually extended to four years) residency show at Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino, titled Britney: Piece of Me, which began in December 2013.

Britney Spears discography

American singer Britney Spears has released nine studio albums, seven compilation albums, 42 singles, nine promotional singles, and has made three guest appearances. In 1997, Spears signed a recording contract with American record label Jive Records in order to launch her career.Spears made her chart debut in November 1998 with "...Baby One More Time", which was followed by the release of her debut studio album, ...Baby One More Time (1999). The record opened the Canadian Albums Chart and the US Billboard 200 at number one, being later certified fourteen times Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). The singer's second studio album, Oops!... I Did It Again, was made available for consumption on May 16, 2000, and became the fastest-selling record ever by a female act in America, bringing first-week sales of 1,319,193 units and certified diamond in United States. It spawned four singles—"Oops!... I Did It Again", "Lucky", "Stronger", and "Don't Let Me Be the Last to Know". In November 2001, the singer's eponymous album spawned worldwide hit "I'm a Slave 4 U", which had been pointed out by music critics for being a musical departure from her previous material. After a two-year hiatus from her career, Spears's released her fourth studio album, In the Zone, in November 2003, which featured "Me Against the Music"—a collaboration with Madonna that reached the top position of the European Hot 100 Singles—and "Toxic", which earned Spears her first Grammy in the category of Best Dance Recording, and gained her credibility among critics. The singer's first compilation album, Greatest Hits: My Prerogative, was released the following year and sold nearly six million copies worldwide.Following experiencing personal struggles through 2007, Spears' fifth studio album, Blackout, was released in October of the same year. Unlike all of the singer's previous records, Blackout failed to be heavily promoted through magazine interviews, talk-show appearances or televised performances—besides a performance at the 2007 MTV Video Music Awards—and was not accompanied by a supporting tour either. With the release of her sixth studio album Circus, Spears became the only act in the Nielsen SoundScan era—from 1991 to present,—to have four records debuting with 500,000 or more copies sold in the United States. Supported by the releases of commercially successful international hits like "Womanizer" and "Circus", it managed to sale four million copies globally. The singer's third compilation album, The Singles Collection, featured her third number one single in America, "3". In 2011, she released the song "Hold It Against Me", which made Spears the second artist in the Billboard Hot 100's 52-year history to debut at number one with two or more songs, just behind American recording artist Mariah Carey. The track was included on her seventh studio album, Femme Fatale, which debuted at number one in that country. Also her first album ever to yield three top ten hits in the US, including commercially successful singles like "Till the World Ends" and "I Wanna Go". Spears's eighth studio album, Britney Jean, was released in 2013. It marks Spears' first major activity under RCA Records since the dissolution of her long-time record label, Jive Records, in 2011. Receiving mixed reviews from music critics, it experienced minor commercial success, and thus became the lowest-selling record of her career. Spears began working on her ninth studio album in 2014; she also renewed her record deal with RCA Records. Glory was released in 2016 and received positive reviews from music critics. The album debuted at number three on US Billboard 200 with 111,000 album equivalent units, including 88,000 copies sold, and spawned the singles "Make Me..." and "Slumber Party", which peaked at 17 and 86 on the Hot 100, and topped the Dance Club Songs in the United States.

Spears has sold over 100 million records worldwide and more than 39.8 million digital singles in the United States["] making her one of the best-selling music artists of all time. Billboard ranked her the eighth overall Artist of the Decade, and also recognized her as the best-selling female album artist of the 21st century's first decade, as well as the fifth overall. Additionally, the Recording Industry Association of America recognized Spears as the eighth best-selling female artist in the United States, with 34.5 million certified albums. The singer serves as one of the few artists in history to have a number one single and studio album in each of the three decades of their career—1990s, 2000s, and 2010s. Spears has also sold over 100 million records worldwide.

Britney Spears videography

American entertainer Britney Spears has released forty-two music videos, four home videos, two concert tour videos, one music video compilation, and two documentaries. She has also starred or appeared in several television shows, films, and commercials. She has played lead in one movie, Crossroads and has released a few documentaries, including For The Record, I Am The Femme Fatale, and I Am Britney Jean. She has also played guest roles on shows including How I Met Your Mother, Glee, Will and Grace, and Sabrina, the Teenage Witch.

In 1999, Spears' first music video "...Baby One More Time", in which she chose to dress as a Catholic schoolgirl, propelled her to superstardom. It ranked number one on TRL's Final Countdown of the most iconic music videos. The music video for the lead single from Spears' second album, "Oops!... I Did It Again", was similarly successful. Set on Mars, Spears dons a tight-fitting red jumpsuit. The "Stronger" music video had a more sophisticated, adult feel to it. 2001's "I'm a Slave 4 U", from her eponymous third studio album, let Spears move further into a more mature territory, performing a complicated dance routine in a risqué outfit."Me Against the Music", which featured Madonna, was released in 2003 from her fourth studio release In the Zone. Spears came up with the storyline for "Toxic", directed by Joseph Kahn. Spears plays three different incarnations of herself and poisons her unfaithful lover. Throughout the video, there are scenes of Spears naked covered in diamonds. The music video for "Everytime", directed by famed photographer David LaChapelle, was darker than Spears' previous videos. Featuring many religious references, the music video was noted by contemporary critics for predicting Spears's future struggles with fame.The music video for Spears' 2007 comeback single "Gimme More" displayed Spears as a stripper and featured a break from Spears's highly choreographed music videos. "Piece of Me" referenced Spears' life at the time, while "Break the Ice" was accompanied by an animated music video showing Spears as a superheroine.2008's "Womanizer", from the album Circus, was seen as a return to form for Spears. Described as a sequel to "Toxic", the concept was again pitched to director Kahn by Spears. The video for "Circus" portrayed Spears as the ringmaster of a circus accompanied by different performers, and it is interspersed with scenes of Spears in different circus settings. "If U Seek Amy" saw Spears at a sex party that takes place at her house, before she transforms into a typical American housewife, while "Radar" pays tribute to Madonna's "Take a Bow". The clip for "3" was described as "simple" and "very, very minimal."

The music videos from Spears' 7th and 8th studio albums, Femme Fatale and Britney Jean have all received acclaim from critics and fans alike. She also got credit from critics and fans for her video for Slumber Party (song) in 2016, of her 9th album Glory. It was compared favourably to Slave 4 U and Boys and that it "Saved 2016".Over the years, Spears has given some of the most controversial music videos of all time. At the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards, she was honored with the MTV Video Vanguard Award, presented to her by fellow pop star Lady Gaga, who said "the industry would not be the same without her".

Spears ranked at #4 on VH1's "50 Greatest Women of the Video Era" show list, ahead of most of her contemporaries and behind only veterans like Madonna, Janet Jackson, and Whitney Houston. Britney has seventeen Vevo certified videos, including those for "...Baby One More Time", "Gimme More", "Hold It Against Me", "Circus", "Toxic" and "Pretty Girls".

Circus (Britney Spears album)

Circus is the sixth studio album by American singer Britney Spears. It was released on November 28, 2008 through Jive Records. Looking to transition from her "darker and more urban" fifth studio album Blackout (2007), Spears wanted to make her next project "a little bit lighter". Spears recorded the record during the summer of 2008, after her much-publicized personal struggles saw her placement under a temporary conservatorship earlier that year. As executive producers, Larry Rudolph and Teresa LaBarbera Whites enlisted collaborators including Spears' longtime colleague Max Martin and Nate "Danja" Hills.

Upon its release, Circus received generally favorable reviews from music critics, who complimented its production but were ambivalent towards its lyrical content. It debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 with first-week sales of over 505,000 copies, making it her fifth album to reach the top of the chart.

Four singles were released from the album, three of which became international hits. Its lead single "Womanizer" peaked atop the US Billboard Hot 100 and registered as the largest jump to the top of the chart at the time after debuting at number ninety-six. It became Spears's best-selling song in the country since "...Baby One More Time", and received a Grammy Award nomination for Best Dance Recording at the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards (2010). The second and third singles "Circus" and "If U Seek Amy" peaked at numbers three and nineteen in the country, respectively. Consequentially, Circus became Spears's second album after her debut effort ...Baby One More Time (1999) to have two top-ten singles and three top-twenty singles, also being her first to have two top-five singles in the United States along with five charting songs on the Billboard Hot 100. To promote the album, Spears embarked on a concert tour titled The Circus Starring Britney Spears, which commenced in March 2009.

Everytime

"Everytime" is a song by American recording artist Britney Spears on her fourth studio album, In the Zone (2003). It was released on May 10, 2004, by Jive Records as the third single from the album. After her relationship with American singer Justin Timberlake ended in 2002, she made friends with her backing vocalist Annet Artani. They started writing songs together at Spears's house in Los Angeles, and then traveled to Lombardy, Italy, where they collaborated on "Everytime". Spears composed the music herself, but she developed the lyrics with her friend. According to Artani, the song was written as a response to Timberlake's 2002 song "Cry Me a River"; Spears has neither confirmed nor denied this claim.

"Everytime" is a pop ballad with breathy vocals. Its lyrics are a plea for forgiveness for inadvertently hurting a former lover. The song received acclaim from music critics, who mostly complimented its lyrical content, deeming it more organic than most of the tracks on its host album. Spears's maturity and her songwriting abilities were also complimented. In the United States, it peaked at number 15 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. It entered the top five in several countries, while topping the charts in Australia, Hungary, Ireland and the United Kingdom. Spears did a series of live performances, such as for television shows Saturday Night Live and Top of the Pops. On tour, she also performed: the song on piano in a flowered-themed setting at The Onyx Hotel Tour (2004), while suspended on a giant umbrella at The Circus Starring Britney Spears (2009), and in an angel costume at Britney: Piece of Me (2013). The song has been covered by artists like Glen Hansard, Kelly Clarkson, and James Franco in the film Spring Breakers (2013).

Inspired by the cinematography of Leaving Las Vegas, the music video for "Everytime" was directed by David LaChapelle. In it, Spears is portrayed as a pop star fighting with a male companion as she is hounded by paparazzi. She starts to drown in her bathtub after bleeding from a head wound. In the hospital, doctors fail to resuscitate her, while simultaneously a child is born in the next room (implying she has been reincarnated). The original concept had Spears kill herself from a drug overdose, but that part of the plot was removed after it received criticism from organizations such as Kidscape, who perceived it as a glamorization of suicide. Critics took note of the video for its religious references to The Passion of the Christ, Kabbalah, and stigmata, as well as for predicting Spears's future struggles with fame.

Femme Fatale (Britney Spears album)

Femme Fatale is the seventh studio album recorded by American singer Britney Spears. It was released on March 25, 2011 through Jive Records. Musically, Spears wanted to make a "fresh-sounding" and "fierce dance album", thus incorporating dance-pop and electropop styles with elements of dubstep, techno, and electro in its sound. Spears began working on the album during the second leg of her tour The Circus Starring Britney Spears (2009), while also contributing to her second greatest hits album The Singles Collection (2009). The singer collaborated with various producers on Femme Fatale, including Max Martin, Dr. Luke, William Orbit, Fraser T Smith, Rodney Jerkins, Bloodshy & Avant, will.i.am and Stargate.

Upon its release, the record received generally favorable reviews from music critics, who complimented its production and dance-pop style. The album debuted atop the charts in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Russia, South Korea and the United States, and peaking inside the top ten in twenty-four countries. In the United States, she earned her sixth number-one album on the US Billboard 200 and was ultimately certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).

Four singles were released from the album. It became Spears's first album to have three top-ten singles on the US Billboard Hot 100, with "Hold It Against Me", "Till the World Ends", and "I Wanna Go" peaking at numbers one, three, and seven, respectively. The fourth and final single "Criminal" peaked at number one in Brazil and within the top twenty in five countries. Spears promoted the album with television performances, the Femme Fatale Tour, and collaborations with Kesha, Nicki Minaj, Rihanna, and Travis Barker.

Glory (Britney Spears album)

Glory is the ninth studio album by American singer Britney Spears. It was released on August 26, 2016, through RCA Records. After renewing her contract with RCA, Spears began work on the album in 2014. Lacking a deadline for completion, she continued work into 2015 and 2016, which—according to Spears—provided her the opportunity to create one of her favorite albums in her catalogue.

Glory received positive reviews from music critics, who praised Spears's vocal performance on the album and called it her most involved and engaged record in over a decade. The album was also included on year-end lists of best albums by several publications. The album debuted at number three on the US Billboard 200, moving 111,000 units in its first week. The album topped the charts in Czech Republic, Taiwan, Ireland, South Korea, Italy and also peaked within the top ten of charts in another 20 countries.

"Make Me..." was released as the lead single for the record on July 15, 2016. The single debuted and peaked at number 17 on the US Billboard Hot 100. "Slumber Party" was released as the second and final single and peaked at number 86 on the US Billboard Hot 100. Glory was further promoted with three promotional singles—"Private Show", "Clumsy", and "Do You Wanna Come Over?"—which premiered in the weeks before its launch. Spears promoted the album with television appearances and televised performances, including the 2016 MTV Video Music Awards. As of January 2019, the album has sold 1 million copies worldwide.

In the Zone

In the Zone is the fourth studio album by American singer Britney Spears. It was released on November 12, 2003 through Jive Records. Its music incorporates dance, house, reggae, trip hop, and hip hop styles with instrumentation from guitars, drums, synthesizers, strings, and Middle Eastern musical instruments. Its themes range from love, dancing, empowerment, and in the case of songs such as "Touch of My Hand", sex and masturbation. Contributions to the album's production came from a wide range of producers, including Bloodshy & Avant, R. Kelly, Trixster, Moby, Guy Sigsworth and The Matrix.

With the conclusion of the Dream Within a Dream Tour in July 2002 and the end of her relationship with Justin Timberlake, Spears planned to take a six-month break from her career; however, work for In the Zone began later that November. She began writing songs for the album while touring internationally, despite not knowing the direction of the album. She experimented with different producers, trying to find those with whom she had chemistry. The first song recorded was "Touch of My Hand", which Spears claims set the mood for the album. She co-wrote all but four tracks, and often changed the lyrics to suit herself. Spears stated she was an autobiographical songwriter, although not to the point where she felt self-exploited. She also explained that the sexual nature of In the Zone was subconscious and happened while she was in the process of developing the album. Spears collaborated with artists such as Madonna in "Me Against the Music" and the Ying Yang Twins in "(I Got That) Boom Boom".

In the Zone received positive reviews from music critics, who complimented its mix of different styles and Spears's songwriting though her vocals were criticized for being distant and processed. Commercially, In the Zone became an international success, debuting atop the charts in France and the United States, and peaking inside the top ten in fifteen countries. In the United States, she became the first female artist to have four consecutive number-one albums.

Four singles were released from the album: "Me Against the Music", "Toxic" and "Everytime" met international chart success, all peaking at number one in Australia and Ireland and reaching top five positions elsewhere. To promote In the Zone, Spears performed the songs in a number of television appearances and also embarked on The Onyx Hotel Tour. The album and its music videos are largely seen by critics as the end of her transition from teen pop star to a more adult female artist. In 2009, Amy Schriefer of NPR listed In the Zone as one of The 50 Most Important Recordings of the Decade, calling it "a primer on the sound of pop in the 2000s".

List of songs recorded by Britney Spears

American singer Britney Spears made her chart debut in November 1998 with "...Baby One More Time", which attained global success and reached the top position of every major countries charts. It was followed by the release of her debut studio album, ...Baby One More Time, which opened at number one on the Canadian Albums Chart and US Billboard 200, being later certified fourteen-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. Spears' second studio album, Oops!... I Did It Again, was released on May 16, 2000, and became the fastest-selling album ever by a female act in the US with 1,319,193 units sold in its opening week. It spawned four singles: "Oops!... I Did It Again", "Lucky", "Stronger", and "Don't Let Me Be the Last to Know". In November 2001, Spears' self-titled album spawned worldwide hit "I'm a Slave 4 U", which is notable for being a musical departure from her previous material. After a two-year break, Spears's fourth studio album, In the Zone, was released in November 2003. The album featured "Me Against the Music", a collaboration with Madonna that reached the top position of the European Hot 100 Singles, and "Toxic", which earned Spears her first Grammy in the category of Best Dance Recording and gained her credibility among critics. Her first compilation album, Greatest Hits: My Prerogative, was released the following year and sold nearly 6 million copies worldwide.Following her personal struggles through 2007, Spears' fifth studio album, Blackout, was released in October of the same year. Unlike all of Spears' previous albums, Blackout was not heavily promoted through magazine interviews, talk-show appearances or televised performances besides a performance at the 2007 MTV Video Music Awards and was not accompanied by a tour either. Even so, it was able to sell over 3 million units worldwide, spawning hit singles "Gimme More" and "Piece of Me". With the release of her sixth studio album Circus, Spears became the only act in the Nielsen SoundScan era, 1991–present, to have four albums debut with 500,000 or more copies sold in the US. With the releases of "Womanizer" and "Circus", it sold four million copies worldwide. Spears's third compilation album, The Singles Collection, featured her third US number one single, "3". In 2011, she released the song "Hold It Against Me", which made Spears only the second artist in the Billboard Hot 100 chart's 52-year history to debut at number one with two or more songs, just behind Mariah Carey. The track was included on her seventh studio album, Femme Fatale, which debuted at number one in the country. Spears's eighth studio album Britney Jean was released in 2013; it made little commercial impact, received mixed reviews from critics but spawned the hit-single "Work Bitch" which is certified platinum in the United States. Glory the ninth studio-album from Spears was released in August 2016 to critical praise and chart success, however, failed to reach the success of other comparative Spears albums.

Spears has also written and recorded material that has never been officially released. Several unreleased songs had been planned for inclusion on her studio albums Britney (2001), In the Zone (2003), Blackout (2007), Circus (2008), and Femme Fatale (2011), but were ultimately rejected. There are many registered tracks included under the unreleased section that have not been commercially released, but have gained media attention or were confirmed by Spears herself. Many of her unreleased songs have been registered (usually by her company Britney Spears Music) with professional bodies such as the United States Copyright Office, Broadcast Music Incorporated (BMI), and American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP).The pop singer's unreleased material includes songs recorded by Spears and demo versions, some co-written by artists such as Justin Timberlake and Lady Gaga. In 1997, Spears recorded "Today", originally meant for Toni Braxton. Snippets of "Rebellion" and "For My Sister" were released on Spears' official website in 2006. She has also co-written and recorded songs that were later given to other artists, such as sister Jamie Lynn Spears, Selena Gomez, and Korean singer BoA. Several of Spears' songs have been leaked onto the Internet without gaining an official release. Some leaks throughout 2010 gained significant attention, including "When I Say So", "Am I a Sinner", "Mad Love", and "Telephone", which had previously been released by Gaga. A collection of songs that leaked on October 6, 2011 received the name of "Britmas".Spears has sold over 100 million records worldwide and more than 28.6 million digital singles in the United States only, making her one of the best-selling music artists of all time. Billboard ranked her as the 8th overall Artist of the Decade, and also recognized her as the best-selling female album artist of the first decade of the 21st century, as well as the fifth overall. The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) also recognized Spears as the eighth top-selling female artist in the United States, with 34,5 million certified albums. Spears is among the few artists in history to have a number-one single and a number-one studio album in each of the three decades of their career (1990s, 2000s, and 2010s).

Radar (song)

"Radar" is a song recorded by American singer Britney Spears for her fifth studio album, Blackout (2007). It was written and produced by Bloodshy & Avant and The Clutch, with additional writing from Henrik Jonback, as a record that did not relate to any of her personal problems at the time. The recording sessions took place the day after Spears filed for divorce from Kevin Federline, and members of The Clutch claimed to be surprised by her work ethic. "Radar" was originally planned to be released as the third single from Blackout, but "Break the Ice" was chosen instead. The song was then planned as the fourth single, but the release was cancelled as Spears began recording her sixth studio album, Circus (2008). "Radar" was later included as a bonus track on Circus, and released as the fourth and final single from the album on June 22, 2009 by Jive Records.

Musically, "Radar" runs through a midtempo dance groove. Spears' vocals are auto tuned and accompanied by sonar pulses and a heavy usage of distorted synthesizers. The lyrics refer to an attraction between the protagonist and a man, while she wonders if he knows what she is feeling. "Radar" received mixed reviews from critics; some called it one of the highlights of Blackout, while others felt that it was over-produced and also criticized her vocals for being processed. In July 2008, "Radar" charted in the top forty of Ireland and New Zealand, and inside the top-ten in Sweden. After it was released as a single from Circus, the track performed poorly on the charts and did not manage to enter the top forty in most countries. However, it became her 21st hit on the US Billboard's Pop Songs chart, the most for any artist of the decade.

The single's accompanying music video was directed by Dave Meyers, and pays tribute to the music video of Madonna's "Take a Bow" (1994). In the video, Spears is an aristocratic woman involved in a love triangle with two men who are polo players. The video received mixed reviews from critics, who complimented the fashion but called the idea unoriginal. "Radar" was performed by Spears at The Circus Starring Britney Spears (2009), with the accompanying dance routine featuring her pole dancing.

The Circus Starring Britney Spears

The Circus Starring Britney Spears, commonly referred to as the Circus Tour, was the seventh concert tour by American singer Britney Spears. It was launched in support of her sixth studio album, Circus (2008). Rumors of a tour arose as early as October 2007, after Spears released her fifth studio album Blackout; however, it was cancelled due to unknown reasons. The tour was officially announced in December 2008, with dates for American and British venues revealed. The stage was composed of three rings and set in-the-round to resemble an actual circus. Fashion designers Dean and Dan Caten created the costumes. A giant cylinder screen was set above the stage to showcase videos and backdrops. Effects were provided by Solotech. Magician Ed Alonzo joined Spears during the second act. The setlist was composed generally from her albums In the Zone, Blackout and Circus. Spears announced she would tour Australia for the first time in June 2009.

The Circus Starring Britney Spears was described as a "pop extravaganza". It was divided into five segments. The Circus featured a metamorphosis of Spears from as a ringmaster to a slave, while being surrounded by different performers. House of Fun (Anything Goes) displayed a series of upbeat numbers with different themes, including magic and military. It ended with a Bollywood-inspired performance and a ballad in which Spears performed while floating on a giant umbrella. Freakshow/Peepshow featured a video interlude set to heavy metal music, and continued with dark and sexual performances. Electro Circ displayed energetic dance routines, and the encore consisted of a video montage of Spears's music videos and a police-themed performance. Some changes were made to the show throughout the tour. Several songs were remixed; Spears also performed "Mannequin" in selected European shows and covers of Duffy and Alanis Morissette songs on some North American dates.

The Circus Starring Britney Spears generated positive to mixed reception from critics. While some praised its aesthetics and deemed it as an entertaining show, others criticized Spears' lack of involvement during some segments. The tour was a commercial success, with a total gross of $131.8 million. This made The Circus Starring Britney Spears one of the highest-grossing tours of the decade. A great number of tickets were sold within a week of the tour's announcement, which prompted supporters to add more dates. The tour also broke attendance records in many cities and all the North American shows were sold out. It became the fifth highest-grossing tour of 2009 and Spears' highest-grossing tour. The show generated controversy on the Australian leg after a reporter said that a great number of fans had walked out during the performances.

The Singles Collection (Britney Spears album)

The Singles Collection is the second greatest hits album by American singer Britney Spears. It was released on November 10, 2009 through Jive Records to commemorate her ten-year anniversary since entering the music industry. The compilation was released in many different formats, including a one-disc edition, a CD+DVD edition and a box set, which contained twenty-nine singles, each packaged in its own slip case with original cover art. The CD+DVD edition, as well as the box set, contains a DVD with Spears's music videos. The album includes a new song "3" produced by Max Martin and Shellback.

The Singles Collection was praised by contemporary music critics, who noted Spears's impact and influence on pop music during her first decade in the music industry. The album entered the top ten in France and Japan, and peaked at number twenty-two on the US Billboard 200. "3" was released as the only single from the album. In the United States, it debuted atop the Billboard Hot 100, becoming her first song to do so.

Toxic (song)

"Toxic" is a song recorded by American singer Britney Spears for her fourth studio album In the Zone (2003). It was written and produced by Pontus Winnberg (known collectively as Bloodshy & Avant), with additional writing from Cathy Dennis and Henrik Jonback. The song released on January 13, 2004, by Jive Records, as the second single from In the Zone. The song was originally offered to Kylie Minogue for her ninth studio album Body Language (2003), but she rejected it. After trying to choose between "(I Got That) Boom Boom" and "Outrageous" to be the second single from In the Zone, Spears selected "Toxic" instead. A dance song with elements of bhangra music, "Toxic" features varied instrumentation, such as drums, synthesizers and surf guitar. It is accompanied by high-pitched Bollywood strings, sampled from Lata Mangeshkar and S. P. Balasubrahmanyam's "Tere Mere Beech Mein" (1981), and breathy vocals. Its lyrics draw an extended metaphor of a lover as a dangerous yet addictive drug.

The song has received acclaim from music critics, deeming it the strongest track of In the Zone, and praised its hook and chorus. "Toxic" won Spears her first and only Grammy Award at the 2005 ceremony in the category of Best Dance Recording. "Toxic" attained worldwide success, reaching the top-five in 15 countries, while topping the charts in Australia, Canada, Hungary, Ireland, Norway and the United Kingdom. In the United States, it became her fourth top-ten single, peaking at number 9. The accompanying music video for the song was directed by Joseph Kahn and features references to Blade Runner, The Seven Year Itch and the films of John Woo. It portrays Spears as a secret agent in the search of a vial of green liquid. After she steals it, she enters an apartment and poisons her unfaithful boyfriend. The video also includes interspersed scenes of Spears naked with diamonds on her body. After Janet Jackson's Super Bowl incident, the video was considered too racy for MTV and was moved to late-night programming.

Spears has performed "Toxic" in a number of live appearances, including the 2004 NRJ Music Awards and in three of her concert tours. It was the opening number of The Onyx Hotel Tour (2004), where she sang atop of a bus wearing a black catsuit; Spears also performed remixed versions of the song at The Circus Starring Britney Spears (2009), the Femme Fatale Tour (2011) and Britney: Piece of Me (2013). "Toxic" has been covered by artists such as Mark Ronson, A Static Lullaby, Reece Mastin and Ingrid Michaelson, and in television series Glee. The song has also appeared in feature films such as Knocked Up, You Again and television series Doctor Who. The song has been included in lists by Pitchfork, NME and Rolling Stone as one of the best songs of the decade. In June 2017, a demo for "Toxic", containing Spears' unedited vocals was leaked to YouTube.

Work Bitch

"Work Bitch" (stylized as "Work B**ch") is a song recorded by American singer Britney Spears for her eighth studio album, Britney Jean (2013). It was written by Spears, William "will.i.am" Adams, Otto "Knows" Jettman, Sebastian Ingrosso, Anthony Preston and Ruth-Anne Cunningham. The song's production was handled by Ingrosso, Pasquale Verrigni, Jettman and Adams, while vocal production was done by Adams and Preston. "Work Bitch" made its premiere on September 15, 2013 on iHeartRadio and select Clear Channel radio stations and was released to digital retailers on September 17, 2013 by RCA Records as the lead single from the record alongside a clean version titled "Work Work".

"Work Bitch" is an electronic dance music (EDM) song containing mostly spoken lyrics, where lyrically Spears, repeatedly exhorts "bitches" to "get to work". "Work Bitch" was commercial success worldwide, receiving several certifications from multiple countries. The song debuted and peaked at number twelve on the US Billboard Hot 100. Outside the United States, "Work Bitch" peaked within the top ten of the charts in 10 countries, including Canada, France and the United Kingdom.

An accompanying music video for "Work Bitch" was directed by Ben Mor and filmed in Malibu, California and released in October 2013. The music video has generated acclaim from critics and fans alike, who praised Spears' dancing and the visual cinematography. When the music video premiered in 2013, Mor denied that the production cost of the music video amounted to $6 million. However, industry insiders from Planet Hollywood reported that the music video's total production and editing costs amounted to $6.5 million, as stipulated by the contract Spears signed in her residency requirements.

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