British Phonographic Industry

The BPI (British Recorded Music Industry) Limited, commonly known as the British Phonographic Industry or BPI, is the British recorded music industry's trade association.

British Phonographic Industry
British Phonographic Industry
AbbreviationBPI
Formation1973
Legal statusNon-profit company
PurposeMusic industry in the
United Kingdom
Location
Region served
United Kingdom
Membership
British music companies
Chairman
Ged Doherty
Chief Executive
Geoff Taylor
Main organ
BPI Council
Budget
NA
Websitewww.bpi.co.uk

Structure

Its membership comprises hundreds of music companies including all three "major" record companies in the UK (Warner Music UK, Sony Music Entertainment, and Universal Music Group), and hundreds of independent music labels and small to medium-sized music businesses.

History

It has represented the interests of British record companies since being formally incorporated in 1973 when the principal aim was to promote British music and fight copyright infringement.

In 2007, the association's legal name was changed from British Phonographic Industry Limited (The).

Awards

It founded the annual BRIT Awards for the British music industry in 1977, and, later, The Classic BRIT Awards. The organizing company, BRIT Awards Limited, is a fully owned subsidiary of the BPI. Proceeds from both shows go to the BRIT Trust, the charitable arm of the BPI that has donated almost £15m to charitable causes nationwide since its foundation in 1989. In September 2013, the BPI presented the first ever BRITs Icon Award to Sir Elton John. The BPI also endorsed the launch of the Mercury Prize for the Album of the Year in 1992.

The recorded music industry's Certified Awards program, which attributes Platinum, Gold and Silver status to singles, albums and music videos (Platinum and Gold only) based on their sales performance (see BPI Certified Awards program), has been administered by the BPI since its inception in 1973. In September 2008, the BPI became one of the founding members of UK Music, an umbrella organisation representing the interests of all parts of the industry.

The BRIT Trust

The charitable arm of the BPI, the trust was conceived in 1989 by a collection of leading music industry individuals with a mission to give young people a chance to express their musical creativity regardless of race, class, sex or ability. The BRIT Trust is the only music charity actively supporting all types of education across the entire spectrum of music. Through the projects it supports, which include Nordoff-Robbins Music Therapy and the BRIT School, the Trust offers young people the opportunity to enhance their lives through music. Proceeds from the BRIT Awards and the Classic BRITs shows go to the BRIT Trust, which has donated almost £15m to charitable causes nationwide since its foundation.

The BRIT School

Opened in September 1991, the BRIT School is a joint venture between The BRIT Trust and the Department for Education and Skills (DfES). Based at Selhurst in Croydon, the school is the only non fee-paying performing arts school in the UK. It teaches up to 1,100 students each year aged from 14–19 years in music, dance, drama, musical theatre, production, media and art & design. Students are from completely diverse backgrounds and are not required to stick to their own discipline; dancers learn songwriting, pianists can learn photography. Nor do students have to work/perform in the evening to pay for the tuition; all they have to do is show their determination to succeed in the competitive creative industries.

Certifications

Bpiclaptonaugust
A gold certification for Eric Clapton's album August.

The BPI administers the BRIT Certified Platinum, Gold, Silver and Bronze awards scheme for music releases in the United Kingdom. The level of the award varies depending on the format of the release (albums, singles or music videos) and the level of sales achieved. Although the awards program was for many years based on the level of shipments by record labels to retailers, since July 2013, certifications have been automatically allocated by the BPI upon the relevant sales thresholds being achieved. Member companies do, however, still have the option to certify titles based on shipment levels if they choose to.[1]

Since July 2014, audio streaming has also been included for singles (more accurately, songs in digital format) at a ratio of 100 streams equivalent to 1 unit (sale/shipment).[2] From June 2015, audio streams were added to album certifications. According to BPI, they would take the 12 most-streamed tracks from the standard version of an album, with the top two songs down-weighted in line with the average of the rest. The total of these streams will be divided by 1,000 and added to the physical and digital sales of the album (the 1,000 ratio representing 100 streams as an equivalent for one track, and 10 tracks for one album).[3]

On 6 April 2018, the BPI announced changes to its certifications. A new Bronze certification was introduced, which will be awarded to an artist's first album to reach 30,000 units. Additionally, the program was re-branded as BRIT Certified, with public promotion of the programme being assumed by the BRIT Awards' social media outlets and digital properties. Chief executive Geoff Taylor justified the change by stating that it was part of an effort to cross-promote the certifications with "the UK's biggest platform for artistic achievement".[4][5]

Format Status
Silver Gold Platinum
Album [nb 1]60,000[nb 1] [nb 1]100,000[nb 1] [nb 1]300,000[nb 1]
Single [nb 2]200,000[nb 2] [nb 2]400,000[nb 2] [nb 2]600,000[nb 2]
Music DVD 25,000 50,000

BPI council

  • Adam Barker – Universal Music UK
  • Mike Batt LVO – Deputy chairman, BPI - Dramatico Entertainment
  • John Craig OBE – First Night Records
  • Jonathan Cross – Warner Music UK
  • Nick Gatfield – Sony Music Entertainment (UK)
  • Nick Hartley – PIAS
  • David Joseph – Universal Music UK
  • Max Lousada – Warner Music UK
  • Korda Marshall – Infectious Music
  • Iain McNay – Cherry Red Records
  • Emma Pike – Sony Music Entertainment (UK)
  • Peter Stack – Union Square Music
  • Geoff Taylor – Chief executive officer, BPI and BRIT Awards Limited
  • Tony Wadsworth CBE – Chairman, BPI and BRIT Awards Limited
  • Kiaron Whitehead – General counsel, BPI

Source: BPI

Anti-piracy operations

The BPI have developed bespoke software and automated crawling tools created in-house by the BPI search for members repertoire across more than 400 known infringing sites and generate URLs which are sent to Google as a DMCA Notice for removal within hours of receipt.[7] Additionally, personnel are also seconded to the City of London Police Intellectual Property Crime Unit to support anti-"piracy" operations.

See also

Similar organisations

  • ARIA, The Australian Recording Industry Association, is the Australian industry association.
  • FACT, The Federation Against Copyright Theft, is the UK anti-copyright infringement organisation for the motion picture industry.
  • IFPI, The International Federation of Phonogram and Videogram Producers is the worldwide music industry group.
  • IRMA, The Irish Recorded Music Association, is the Irish industry association.
  • RIAA, The Recording Industry Association of America, is the United States' music industry association.
  • RIAJ, The Recording Industry Association of Japan, is the Japanese music industry association.
  • RMNZ, The Recorded Music New Zealand, is the New Zealand industry association.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c The number of sales required to qualify for Platinum, Gold and Silver discs was changed to the current thresholds of Platinum (300,000 units), Gold (100,000 units) and Silver (60,000 units) in 1979 for albums above a minimum RRP. Below the minimum RRP, the thresholds are doubled. Prior to this, the thresholds were based on monetary revenue: Platinum (£1,000,000), Gold (£150,000 from April 1973 to September 1974, £250,000 from September 1974 to January 1977, and £300,000 from 1977 until 1979) and Silver (£75,000 from April 1973 to January 1975, £100,000 from January 1975 to January 1977, and £150,000 from 1977 until 1979).
  2. ^ a b c The number of sales required to qualify for Platinum, Gold and Silver discs was dropped for singles released after 1 January 1989 to the current thresholds of Silver (200,000 units), Gold (400,000 units), and Platinum (600,000 units). Prior to this, the thresholds were Silver (250,000 units), Gold (500,000 units), and Platinum (1,000,000 units).[6]

References

  1. ^ "Certified Awards – A Timeline" (PDF). BPI. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  2. ^ "BPI Certified Awards for Singles Now Include Streams". BPI. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  3. ^ "BPI'S ICONIC ALBUM AWARDS TO INCLUDE AUDIO STREAMS". BPI. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  4. ^ Savage, Mark (2018-04-06). "Brits to give bronze disc to new artists". BBC News. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  5. ^ Garner, George (6 April 2018). "BPI rebrands platinum, gold and silver discs as BRIT Certified Awards". Music Week. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  6. ^ Gallup (4 February 1989). "The Top of the Pops Chart" (PDF). Record Mirror: 4. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  7. ^ IP Crime Group. "IP Crime Report 2013/14" (PDF): 52. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.

External links

Andy (2001 album)

Andy is a compilation album by American pop singer Andy Williams that was released by Crimson on January 22, 2001, and consisted of live recordings of some of his hits as well as five songs he had never recorded before -- "Call Me", "Do Nothing till You Hear from Me", "Moonlight in Vermont", "Summer Wind", and "What the World Needs Now Is Love".

On July 22, 2013, the British Phonographic Industry awarded the album with Gold certification for sales of 100,000 units.

Brit Award for Best Pop Act

The Brit Award for British Pop Act was an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The winners and nominees are determined by the Brit Awards voting academy with over one-thousand members, which comprise record labels, publishers, managers, agents, media, and previous winners and nominees. The award was first presented in 2000 and were last presented in 2006.

Brit Award for British Breakthrough Act

The Brit Award for British Breakthrough Act is an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The winners and nominees are determined by the Brit Awards voting academy with over 1,000 members, which comprise record labels, publishers, managers, agents, media, and previous winners and nominees.The award was first presented in 1977 as two awards as "British Male Newcomer" and "British Female Newcomer" which were won by Graham Parker and Julie Covington. When the Brit Awards was held for the second time in 1982, the awards "British Male Newcomer" and "British Female Newcomer" became joint as one award for both male and female acts as well introducing groups acts to award. The first award for the joint "British Newcomer" was won by The Human League. In 2003 the award was renamed to "British Breakthrough Act".

Brit Award for British Dance Act

The Brit Award for British Dance Act is an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The award was first presented in 1994.

British Producer has been won by M People, The Prodigy, Fatboy Slim and Basement Jaxx the most times, with two wins each.

Brit Award for British Female Solo Artist

The Brit Award for British Female Solo Artist is an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The winners and nominees are determined by the Brit Awards voting academy with over one-thousand members, which comprise record labels, publishers, managers, agents, media, and previous winners and nominees. The award was first presented in 1977 as British Female Solo Artist.

British Female Solo Artist has been won by Annie Lennox the most times, with six wins and have received the most nominations, with nine, followed by Kate Bush with eight.

Brit Award for British Group

The Brit Award for British Group is an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The winners and nominees are determined by the Brit Awards voting academy with over 1,000 members, which comprise record labels, publishers, managers, agents, media, and previous winners and nominees.The award was first presented in 1977 and was won by The Beatles. When the second Brit awards were held, The Police received the honour and the award has been given out to one group annually since 1982. The only exception to this was in 1992, when The KLF and Simply Red were revealed to have tied and, as such, both groups were announced as winners. The current holder of the award is Gorillaz.

Brit Award for British Live Act

The Brit Award for British Live Act is an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The award was first presented in 2005 and were last presented in 2013.

Brit Award for British Male Solo Artist

The Brit Award for British Male Solo Artist is an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The winners and nominees are determined by the Brit Awards voting academy with over one-thousand members, which comprise record labels, publishers, managers, agents, media, and previous winners and nominees. The award was first presented in 1977 as British Male Solo Artist.

British Male Solo Artist has been won by Robbie Williams the most times, with four wins.

Brit Award for British Rock Act

The Brit Award for British Rock Act was an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The winners and nominees are determined by the Brit Awards voting academy with over one-thousand members, which comprise record labels, publishers, managers, agents, media, and previous winners and nominees. The award was first presented in 2004 and was last presented in 2006.

Brit Award for British Urban Act

The Brit Award for British Urban Act was an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The winners and nominees are determined by the Brit Awards voting academy with over one-thousand members, which comprise record labels, publishers, managers, agents, media, and previous winners and nominees. The award was first presented in 2003 and was last presented in 2006.

Brit Award for International Female Solo Artist

The Brit Award for International Female Solo Artist is an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The winners and nominees are determined by the Brit Awards voting academy with over one-thousand members, which comprise record labels, publishers, managers, agents, media, and previous winners and nominees.The award was first presented in 1989 as International Female Solo Artist. The accolade was not handed out at the 1990, 1992 and 1993 ceremonies, with the award for International Solo Artist (given to a male or female artist) being awarded instead. The award for International Female Solo Artist was reinstated in 1994, and has been given ever since.Björk is the artist with the most wins and nominations in the category, with four awards won out of nine nominations. Artists from the United States have won the accolade eleven times, more than any other country.

Brit Award for International Group

The Brit Award for International Group is an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The winners and nominees are determined by the Brit Awards voting academy with over one-thousand members, which comprise record labels, publishers, managers, agents, media, and previous winners and nominees.Although the award was first presented in 1986 as International Group, a Best International Artist award (featuring groups and solo artists as nominees) was presented in 1983 and won by American group Kid Creole and the Coconuts. The award was not handed out in 2010 but was reinstated in 2011. International Group has been won by U2 the most times, with five wins. Overall, artists from United States have received the most awards, with 20 wins.

Brit Award for International Male Solo Artist

The Brit Award for International Male Solo Artist is an award given by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), an organisation which represents record companies and artists in the United Kingdom. The accolade is presented at the Brit Awards, an annual celebration of British and international music. The winners and nominees are determined by the Brit Awards voting academy with over one-thousand members, which comprise record labels, publishers, managers, agents, media, and previous winners and nominees.The award was first presented in 1989 as International Male Solo Artist. The accolade was not handed out at the 1990, 1992 and 1993 ceremonies, with the award for International Solo Artist (given to a male or female artist) being awarded instead. The award for International Male Solo Artist was reinstated in 1994, and has been given ever since.International Male Solo Artist has been won by Beck, Kanye West and Eminem the most times, with three wins. Artists from the United States have almost exclusively won the award, aside from one Australian win (Michael Hutchence), one Jamaican win (Shaggy) and two Canadian wins (Justin Bieber and Drake).

In the Lounge with...

In the Lounge with… is a compilation album by American pop singer Andy Williams that was released by Sony Music Entertainment in 1999.The album first appeared on the UK album chart on April 10 of that year and remained there for three weeks, peaking at number 39.On July 22, 2013, the British Phonographic Industry awarded the album with Silver certification for sales of 60,000 units.

Johnny Mathis Sings the Great Songs

Johnny Mathis Sings the Great Songs is a compilation album by American pop singer Johnny Mathis that was released in the UK by CBS Records on September 13, 1974.On July 1, 1975, the British Phonographic Industry awarded the collection with Silver certification for sales of 60,000 units in the UK.

The Best of Andy Williams (1996 album)

The Best of Andy Williams is a compilation album by American pop singer Andy Williams that was released by Sony Music Entertainment in 1996.On July 22, 2013, the British Phonographic Industry awarded the album with Silver certification for sales of 60,000 units.

The Essential Andy Williams

The Essential Andy Williams is a compilation album by American pop singer Andy Williams that was released in the UK by Sony Music Entertainment in 2002. The label also released a two-CD compilation with the same title in the U.S. in 2002 that had a different cover photo and track listing.

The lead track from the UK compilation, a new recording of "Can't Take My Eyes Off You" performed with Denise van Outen, was released as a single in the UK and debuted the week of June 29, 2002, on the UK singles chart, where it reached number 23 over the course of seven weeks.This compilation first appeared on the UK album chart on July 6 of that year and remained there for four weeks, peaking at number 32.On July 22, 2013, the British Phonographic Industry awarded the album with Gold certification for sales of 100,000 units.

The Hits of Johnny Mathis

The Hits of Johnny Mathis is a compilation album by American pop singer Johnny Mathis that was released in the UK in 1995 by Columbia Records and has three of his UK singles chart entries ("Misty", "I'm Stone in Love with You", and his 1981 duet remake of "When a Child Is Born" with Gladys Knight). This collection, however, focuses primarily on his covers of hits from the late 1960s through the 1970s.

On July 22, 2013, the British Phonographic Industry awarded the album with Gold certification for sales of 100,000 copies in the UK.

The Love Songs (Andy Williams album)

The Love Songs is a compilation album by American pop singer Andy Williams that was released by Sony Music Entertainment on May 19, 1997.On July 22, 2013, the British Phonographic Industry awarded the album with Gold certification for sales of 100,000 units.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.