British American Racing

British American Racing was a Formula One constructor that competed in the sport from 1999 to 2005. BAR began by acquiring Tyrrell, and used Supertec engines for their first year. Subsequently, they formed a partnership with Honda which lasted for the next six years.

The team was named after British American Tobacco plc (BAT), which owned and sponsored it in order to display its Lucky Strike and 555 brands. The headquarters were in Brackley, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom.

In mid-November 2004, Japanese automobile manufacturer Honda purchased 45% of the team, and in September 2005 purchased the remaining 55% share to become the sole owner. Consequently, BAR Honda became Honda Racing F1 Team for the 2006 Formula One season. BAT continued as title sponsor with the Lucky Strike brand but due to new tobacco advertising regulations worldwide, pulled its Lucky Strike sponsorship from Formula One entirely at the end of the 2006 season.

BAR
British American Racing (logo)
Full nameBritish American Racing (1999)
Lucky Strike BAR Honda (2000–2005)
BaseBrackley, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom
Founder(s)Craig Pollock
Noted staffAdrian Reynard
David Richards
Nick Fry
Noted driversCanada Jacques Villeneuve
United Kingdom Jenson Button
Finland Mika Salo
France Olivier Panis
Japan Takuma Sato
United Kingdom Anthony Davidson
Previous nameTyrrell Racing
Next nameHonda Racing F1 Team
Formula One World Championship career
First entry1999 Australian Grand Prix
Races entered118
EnginesSupertec, Honda
Constructors'
Championships
0 (best finish: 2nd, 2004)
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories0 (best finish: 2nd, 2004 San Marino, Monaco, German and Chinese Grands Prix)
Podiums15
Points227
Pole positions2
Fastest laps0
Final entry2005 Chinese Grand Prix

History

British American Tobacco (BAT) had been involved in Formula One for many years, with several of its brands being displayed on F1 cars run by various teams.

In 1997 the corporation was convinced by Craig Pollock to provide most of the equity to purchase the Tyrrell Formula One team for GB£30 million.[1] Pollock, Adrian Reynard and Rick Gorne were the minority partners. The deal was announced on 2 December 1997.[2] The team was still officially known as Tyrrell in 1998, before it became BAR the following year.

BAR 002 front nose Honda Collection Hall
The team had Reynard chassis and Honda engines (although in the maiden season they used Supertecs instead).

Preparations

On 23 July 1998 BAR announced the signing of World Champion Jacques Villeneuve away from Williams with a lucrative contract for the 1999 season.[3] Pollock had managed Villeneuve throughout his racing career. Villeneuve was joined by F1 rookie Ricardo Zonta. The car's chassis was built by Reynard Motorsport at a new factory in Brackley and was powered by Supertec (rebadged Renault) engines.

At the launch of their new car BAR unveiled separate liveries for their cars; Villeneuve's car painted in a white and red Lucky Strike livery and Zonta's carrying a blue and yellow 555 livery. The FIA deemed the dual liveries illegal under F1 regulations which state that a team's cars must carry largely identical liveries. BAR lodged a complaint with the International Chamber of Commerce (as permitted under F1's regulations) but simultaneously lodged a complaint with the European Commission. Pollock was summoned to the World Motor Sport Council to explain the team behaviour. A potential fine and/or ban was averted when Pollock agreed to abide by the F1 arbitration process, admitted that in filing the complaint to the EC his lawyers had acted independently and that declarations made in the claim did not reflect his personal views. He also apologised to the Council and reiterated his acceptance of the FIA's authority.[4] To get around the ban BAR ran one side of their cars painted in the Lucky Strike colours, and the other side in the blue and yellow of 555. BAR reverted to a more traditional style of livery for 2000 onwards.

BAR had the slogan of "A tradition of excellence", which was viewed as humorous by pundits as the team had no history and therefore no such tradition at all. Adrian Reynard also made an ambitious claim that the team would win a race in their debut season.[5]

1999

In a disastrous maiden season BAR failed to score a single point in the Constructors' Championship.[6] The car was relatively quick and often qualified in the midfield, Villeneuve even ran in 3rd place in the Spanish Grand Prix for a short while. However the car suffered from chronic unreliability, Villeneuve started the year with 11 straight retirements, and failed to finish a race until the Belgian Grand Prix that August. Zonta missed three races due to an injury and managed only a best finish of 8th. Mika Salo, who filled in for Zonta while he was hurt, provided the team with its best finish of 7th.

Thanks to the backing from BAT, British American Racing benefitted from significant funding and a lavish budget in their opening season but it was reported that by halfway through the season they had already overspent that budget by enough to keep Formula 1 minnows Minardi racing for several years.

2000

BAR 002 Honda Collection Hall
The BAR 002 brought the team its first points at the 2000 Australian Grand Prix.

During the 1999 season BAR announced that Honda was to supply them with engines beginning in 2000. The Honda deal not only meant they would supply engines but that Honda staff would work with the team at their Brackley base. Honda had planned to enter Formula One as a factory team, but relented. It was the first time Honda had been directly involved in Formula One since 1992. BAR did not have exclusive use of Honda engines, though, as Jordan Grand Prix were using Mugen Honda units. The following year Jordan were given factory Honda engines, but the engine manufacturers could not supply two teams forever. This prompted a battle between BAR and Jordan for the use of Honda engines in the long term.

The car was once again designed in cooperation with Adrian Reynard despite talk of tension between him and team principal Craig Pollock. At the launch of the 002 car Pollock himself described the 2000 season as chance to "wipe the slate clean" following their awful first season and admitted that the team had made many mistakes in their first season.

In 2000 the new Honda powered BAR did show a significant improvement. It proved to be considerably more reliable than the team's previous effort, but the team still only had a best finish of 4th and the victory they had promised in 1999 still eluded them. At the end of the season the team finished 5th in the Constructors' Championship. The progression and improvement of the team was enough to convince Villeneuve to remain at the team.

2001

Jacques Villeneuve 2001 Canada 2
Villeneuve driving for BAR at the 2001 Canadian Grand Prix.

Villeneuve reached the podium twice in 2001 for BAR, but neither his nor new teammate Olivier Panis's results were consistent enough.

2002

Under pressure from British American Tobacco, Pollock resigned on the eve of the launch of the 2002 car and was replaced as team principal by David Richards.[7] Richards' Prodrive company was also awarded a five-year management contract to run BAR. BAT and Prodrive had a prior relationship with BAT sponsoring Subaru's World Rally Championship team, operated by Prodrive.

2002 was a transient season for BAR. A significant proportion of the workforce was culled while technical director Malcolm Oastler and designer Andy Green left. Villeneuve still struggled to score points and Panis also failing to reach expectations. BAR signed a deal to become Honda's only team in 2003, despite finishing behind Honda's other team, Jordan, in both 2001 and 2002.

2003

Villeneuve BAR USGP 2003
Jacques Villeneuve driving for the BAR team at the US Grand Prix at Indianapolis in 2003
British American Racing (HONDA) logo
Logo used by BAR during their partnership with Honda, which began exclusively from the 2001 season

BAR brought in Jenson Button to replace Panis for the 2003 Formula One season. Villeneuve's contract negotiation arguments with David Richards eventually ended with him being replaced before the end of the season by Japanese driver Takuma Sato. Honda has traditionally liked its teams to field Japanese drivers for publicity reasons in the car manufacturer's home country. Jenson Button led a race for the first time at the 2003 United States Grand Prix. The team struggled due to its use of Bridgestone tyres. In the off-season they changed to rival company Michelin.

Peak in 2004

Early in 2004, the team saw a further upswing in its fortunes, Button scoring many podium finishes. He also took their first pole position, at San Marino. The Honda RA004E engine was reputed to produce slightly over 960 bhp (716 kW; 973 PS) in Suzuka Special form, and was certainly one of the most powerful, if not the most powerful engine in Formula One. BAR finished the season in 2nd place in the Constructors' Championship, beating every team except for Ferrari. Despite this, BAR's first win still eluded them.

During the course of the 2004 season a dispute with WilliamsF1 threatened to overshadow BAR's on-track performance. Both teams believed they had a valid contract for Button in 2005. The issue finally went to the Contract Recognition Board, which found in favour of BAR. Button was to drive for BAR in 2005, but signed a contract to join Williams for 2006.

With increasing restrictions being placed upon tobacco companies' opportunities to advertise in Formula One, rumours suggested that BAT would try to sell the team. In mid-November 2004, BAR announced that Honda had purchased 45% and, as part of the deal, David Richards left to be replaced by Nick Fry as team principal. Prodrive's management contract was also terminated early.

2005: Poor start and controversy

The start of the 2005 season didn't go according to plan for BAR, as they struggled in the "flyaway" races at the start of the season. Just as they became competitive, in San Marino, BAR Honda was disqualified for running with illegal cars. The allegation was that the cars were able to race with their total weight below 605 kg (1323 lb), the minimum weight required for a Formula 1 car. BAR disputed this, saying that the engine required a minimum of 6 kg (13 lb) of fuel to work, thus keeping them above the minimum weight. Their interpretation of the rules was that this limit applies only during the race, not during the post-race scrutineering. The FIA, and later the court, disagreed. In addition to the disqualification, the team was banned for two races, a period which included the lucrative Monaco Grand Prix. The team initially indicated that they planned to fight the decision before a regular civil court but later decided to accept the verdict. Max Mosley, the president of the FIA, saw the sanction as very lenient; he had wanted the team to be banned for the rest of the season. However, they were unable to prove deliberate intent to cheat,[8] as they had with BAR's predecessor, Tyrrell, in the 1984 season.

BAR pitwall
The team's pitwall control centre, from which the team managers and strategists communicated with the drivers and engineers

When BAR returned at the European Grand Prix the team struggled to find its feet. In stark contrast to the previous season, BAR failed to score a single point until the midway point, at the 2005 French Grand Prix, not helped by the team's use of Michelin tyres causing them to not start the 2005 United States Grand Prix. Takuma Sato had a particularly poor season, scoring just one point, and subsequently, his contract was not renewed by BAR at the end of the season. Sato was replaced in the new Honda team by former Ferrari driver Rubens Barrichello. Still, the team showed its grit by steadily developing the car, allowing Button to score in each of the last 10 races of the season, culminating in 2 podium positions. Confirmation of this improvement was shown in a skillful pass made by Jenson Button, overtaking Jacques Villeneuve at the fast Pouhon corner at Spa-Francorchamps, in the rain, and around the outside.

At the end of 2005 Honda obtained 100% ownership of BAR from British American Tobacco, completing their ambition to become a full F1 manufacturer team. In addition, Jenson Button's Williams contract was bought out for US$30 million, and Button signed a multi-year contract with Honda.

Following the sale of the team to Honda, BAT would return to Formula One in 2019, sponsoring McLaren in a "global partnership" agreement under A Better Tomorrow campaign.[9]

Complete Formula One results

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Points WCC
1999 01 Supertec FB01 3.0 V10 B AUS BRA SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR AUT GER HUN BEL ITA EUR MAL JPN 0 NC
Canada Jacques Villeneuve Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 15 8 10 Ret 9
Brazil Ricardo Zonta Ret DNQ Ret 9 Ret 15 Ret 13 Ret Ret 8 Ret 12
Finland Mika Salo 7 Ret 8
2000 002 Honda RA000E 3.0 V10 B AUS BRA SMR GBR ESP EUR MON CAN FRA AUT GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN MAL 20 5th
Canada Jacques Villeneuve 4 Ret 5 16 Ret Ret 7 15 4 4 8 12 7 Ret 4 6 5
Brazil Ricardo Zonta 6 9 12 Ret 8 Ret Ret 8 Ret Ret Ret 14 12 6 6 9 Ret
2001 003 Honda RA001E 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN 17 6th
France Olivier Panis 7 Ret 4 8 7 5 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 7 Ret 11 9 11 13
Canada Jacques Villeneuve Ret Ret 7 Ret 3 8 4 Ret 9 Ret 8 3 9 8 6 Ret 10
2002 004 Honda RA002E 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR GBR FRA GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN 7 8th
Canada Jacques Villeneuve Ret 8 10 7 7 10 Ret Ret 12 4 Ret Ret Ret 8 9 6 Ret
France Olivier Panis Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 9 5 Ret Ret 12 12 6 12 Ret
2003 005 Honda RA003E 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR FRA GBR GER HUN ITA USA JPN 26 5th
Canada Jacques Villeneuve 9 DNS 6 Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret 9 10 9 Ret 6 Ret
Japan Takuma Sato 6
United Kingdom Jenson Button 10 7 Ret 8 9 4 DNS Ret 7 Ret 8 8 10 Ret Ret 4
2004 006 Honda RA004E 3.0 V10 M AUS MAL BHR SMR ESP MON EUR CAN USA FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA CHN JPN BRA 119 2nd
United Kingdom Jenson Button 6 3 3 2 8 2 3 3 Ret 5 4 2 5 Ret 3 2 3 Ret
Japan Takuma Sato 9 15 5 16 5 Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 11 8 6 Ret 4 6 4 6
2005 007 Honda RA005E 3.0 V10 M AUS MAL BHR SMR ESP MON EUR CAN USA FRA GBR GER HUN TUR ITA BEL BRA JPN CHN 38 6th
United Kingdom Jenson Button 11 Ret Ret DSQ 10 Ret DNS 4 5 3 5 5 8 3 7 5 8
Japan Takuma Sato 14 Ret DSQ 12 Ret DNS 11 16 12 8 9 16 Ret 10 DSQ Ret
United Kingdom Anthony Davidson Ret
Notes
  • – The driver did not finish the Grand Prix, but was classified, as he completed over 90% of the race distance.

Speed record attempt

BAR tested a modified BAR-Honda 007 car which they intended to use in an attempt to set the land speed record for a car meeting FIA Formula One regulations. The team aimed for 400 km/h (249 mph), and were planning to attempt the record at Bonneville Salt Flats.[10] The driver for this project was Alan van der Merwe. The modified chassis performed a shakedown test on the 10,000-foot (3.0 km) long runway at Mojave Airport in California, on 5 November 2005, under the supervision of safety co-ordinator executive, Jamie Hardwick. The four published times recorded in this test were 393 km/h (244 mph), 405 km/h (252 mph), 410 km/h (255 mph) and 413 km/h (257 mph). However, these tests did not constitute the record attempt itself and waterlogging of the salt flats resulted in the attempt being postponed. The chassis was used by BAR's successor, Honda, to set a new record the following year.

References

  1. ^ Eason, Kevin (27 October 1998). "Tyrrell prepare to embark on final lap". The Times. Times Newspapers.
  2. ^ Henry, Alan (3 December 1997). "Tyrrell sold off to new team". The Guardian. Guardian Newspapers. p. 27.
  3. ^ Henry, Alan (24 July 1998). "Motor Racing: Villeneuve on his way". The Guardian. Guardian Newspapers. p. 6.
  4. ^ Henry, Alan (13 March 1993). "Motor Sport: New team back tracks". Guardian. Guardian Newspapers. p. 7.
  5. ^ Horton, Roger (24 February 1999). "Reflections on BAR: A Tradition Of What?". Atlas F1. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  6. ^ Henry, Alan (2 November 1999). "God help Ferrari No.2". Guardian. Guardian Newspapers. p. 8.
  7. ^ Griffiths, John (19 December 2001). "BAT appoints racing team chief". Financial Times. p. 24.
  8. ^ "Appeal submitted by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, on the grounds of Article 185 of the International Sporting Code" (PDF) (Press release). FIA International Court of Appeal. 4 May 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  9. ^ Mitchell, Scott. "Former BAR team owner BAT back into Formula 1 with McLaren deal". Autosport.com. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  10. ^ Bonneville400, archived from the original on 2 November 2005

External links

BAR 002

The BAR 002 was the car with which the British American Racing Formula One team competed in the 2000 Formula One season. It was driven by the 1997 World Champion Jacques Villeneuve, and Brazilian Ricardo Zonta, both drivers in their second year with the team.

The car proved a reassuringly competent runner after the 1999 disaster; the team's début season in which it embarrassingly failed to score any points. Villeneuve scored seven points finishes, whilst Zonta backed him up with three. However, the number two driver was dropped at the end of the year to make way for Olivier Panis, who had spent the season as McLaren's test driver.

The year also marked the inaugural season of a Honda engine supply, a partnership which would eventually lead to the team being bought out by the Japanese company for the 2006 season.

The team eventually finished fifth in the Constructors' Championship, with 20 points. This tally was equal to the Benetton team, but Giancarlo Fisichella's podium finishes ensured that the Anglo-Italian team stayed ahead.

BAR 003

The BAR 003 was the car with which the British American Racing team competed in the 2001 Formula One season. It was driven by Jacques Villeneuve, who was in his third year with the team, and Olivier Panis, who joined from a year out of racing as McLaren's test driver.

BAR 004

The BAR 004 was the car with which the British American Racing team competed in the 2002 Formula One season. It was driven by Jacques Villeneuve and Olivier Panis. The BAR 004 was the first-ever BAR car to be fully designed by British American Racing after 3-year alliance with Reynard Motorsport.

During the season the car was unreliable having a dismal start which saw the team fail to score a single championship point during the first half of the season. Also Olivier Panis failed to finish the first seven races. The team scored their first points when they finished fourth and fifth at the 2002 British Grand Prix at Silverstone. Eventually the team finished eighth in the Constructors' Championship with seven points. Panis then left the team at the end of the year to drive for Toyota Racing, being replaced for 2003 by Jenson Button, who spent the 2002 season driving for Renault.

BAR 005

The BAR 005 was a Formula One car which the British American Racing team used to compete in the 2003 Formula One season. The car was driven by Jacques Villeneuve and Jenson Button, the former being replaced by test driver Takuma Sato for the last race of the season. The team finished fifth in the Constructors' Championship with 26 points.

BAR 006

The BAR 006 was a Formula One car that competed in the 2004 Formula One season. The car was driven by Jenson Button and Takuma Sato, and the official test driver was Anthony Davidson. The British American Racing team finished second in the 2004 season, 143 points behind Ferrari and 14 in front of Renault F1. The BAR-Honda 006 was officially launched at Circuit de Catalunya, Spain.

BAR 01

The BAR 01 was the car with which the British American Racing Formula One team used to compete in the 1999 Formula One season, its inaugural year in the series after purchasing Tyrrell. It was driven by Jacques Villeneuve, the 1997 Champion who had left Williams in order to work with Team Principal Craig Pollock, his manager and good friend. The second driver was Ricardo Zonta, the 1997 Formula 3000 champion and 1998 FIA GT champion, although Mika Salo would deputise early in the season after the Brazilian injured his ankle at Interlagos.

However, despite the driving pedrigree of Villeneuve and Zonta, and the technical experience of Reynard Motorsports, the year was a disaster and a major disappointment for the team, especially after Adrian Reynard aimed to secure the pole position and race victory in its first race. The cars were usually quite competitive and looked like points-scoring contenders on several occasions (Villeneuve at one point, had briefly run third during the Spanish Grand Prix), but reliability was terrible, with Villeneuve alone failing to finish the first eleven races of the season. The end result was last in the Constructors' Championship with no points, behind much smaller teams such as Minardi, Arrows and Sauber.

Benetton B200

The Benetton B200 was the car with which the Benetton Formula One team competed in the 2000 Formula One season. It was driven by Giancarlo Fisichella and Alexander Wurz, who was dropped by the team at the end of the year after two consecutive poor seasons.

The team finished fourth in the Constructors' Championship, tied with British American Racing on 20 points, but placed ahead due to Fisichella's three podium finishes.

Early in the season, it was announced that the team had been sold to Renault, who would return as a works engine supplier in 2001 and rebrand the team completely for 2002.

Craig Pollock

Craig Pollock (born February 20, 1956) is a businessman who was the manager of the World Champion Formula One driver Jacques Villeneuve throughout his top-level career, and Founder CEO and team principal of the British American Racing team from 1999 to 2002.

Geoff Willis

Geoffrey Willis (born 23 December 1959) is the Technology Director of the Mercedes Formula One team. He was also the Technical Director of Red Bull Racing team from 2007 to 2009 and Technical Director of Hispania Racing from 2010 to 2011.

In 1987 after a degree at Cambridge University in engineering, he was approached to join the design team of the Peter de Savary's British America's Cup challenge and he spent the next three years designing and developing hull and keel designs for the team in preparation for the competition in San Diego. Prior to working for Honda, Willis was employed as chief aerodynamicist by the Williams Formula One team and also worked as a consultant at the Leyton House team in the early 1990s. While at Leyton House, Willis met Adrian Newey and it was through this association that he joined Williams, after Newey was recruited by the British team. When Newey moved to rival McLaren in 1997, Willis was promoted, alongside Gavin Fisher, to take his role.

Willis joined the British American Racing outfit in 2001, which was later bought by Honda in 2005. His status within the team became unclear as of 22 June 2006, following the appointment of Shuhei Nakamoto as Senior Technical Director. Willis had been told to stop going to races in order to focus on aerodynamics, which appeared to conflict with the appointment of Mariano Alperin-Bruvera to head the aerodynamics group using Honda's new full-size wind tunnel. Willis eventually left the team later in the year. On 17 July 2007, Willis was hired by Red Bull Racing as the team's Technical Director, once again under Newey. He left Red Bull in July 2009 for unknown reasons.Willis joined the new Hispania Racing F1 Team in March 2010. In September 2011 he left HRT, reportedly because the team had not assured him of necessary financial backing for designing the car for 2012 Formula One season and joined Mercedes as Technology director on 17 October 2011.

Honda RA106

The Honda RA106 was the car with which the Honda team competed in the 2006 Formula One season. It was driven by Rubens Barrichello, who joined from Ferrari, and Jenson Button, who had spent three seasons with the team as British American Racing. The year marked the first time Honda had competed as a full team since 1968; since then it had only competed as an engine supplier until taking over BAR completely in late 2005. Honda used 'Lucky Strike' logos in Bahrain, Malaysia, Australia, Monaco, and Japan, and '555' logos in China.

Although the year was a significant improvement on 2005, Honda were unable to challenge for the world championship after impressive winter testing form. The car was quick in qualifying, but less so in the races. A performance slump mid-season also led to the team parting company with the car's designer, Geoff Willis, and he was replaced by the inexperienced Shuhei Nakamoto.

However, things improved from the German GP, culminating in Button's first F1 win in Hungary. Button was generally the stronger driver throughout the season, and it was felt that he deserved to get Honda's first win in their F1 return.

Honda finished the season strongly with a run of points finishes, culminating in a third-place finish for Button at the final race in Brazil. They also successfully introduced their 2007-spec engine before the season was over.

The team eventually finished fourth in the Constructors' Championship, with 86 points.

The RA106 formed the basis of the Super Aguri SA07.

The RA106 was also the last Honda-powered car to achieve a Grand Prix victory until Max Verstappen won the 2019 Austrian Grand Prix in the Red Bull Racing RB15.

Jacques Villeneuve

Jacques Joseph Charles Villeneuve (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑk vilnœv]; born April 9, 1971) is a Canadian professional auto racing driver and amateur musician. Villeneuve currently competes in the NASCAR Whelen Euro Series, driving the #32 Chevrolet Camaro for Go Fas Racing in the Elite 1 class. He is the son of Formula One driver Gilles Villeneuve, and is the namesake of his uncle, who was also a racer. Villeneuve won the 1995 CART Championship, the 1995 Indianapolis 500 and the 1997 Formula One World Championship, making him only the third driver after Mario Andretti and Emerson Fittipaldi to achieve such a feat. As of 2018, no other Canadian has won the Indianapolis 500 or the Formula One Drivers' title.

Following two successful years in CART, Villeneuve moved into Formula One with the front-running Williams team, alongside Damon Hill. In his debut season, Villeneuve challenged teammate Hill for the title, winning four races and taking the fight to the final round in Japan, where Villeneuve retired and Hill won the race, and the title. Villeneuve, however, did win the following year's title, this time challenging Michael Schumacher and once again taking it to the final round in Jerez, where Schumacher retired after the two collided. 1997 would be the last year in which Villeneuve would win a championship level race and finish the season in the top three. For 1998, Villeneuve's Williams team had to fare with less competitive Mecachrome engines, and Villeneuve moved to the newly formed British American Racing team in 1999. He stayed there for the next four seasons but, following poor results he was replaced by former British Formula Three Champion Takuma Sato. Villeneuve also drove for Renault at the end of 2004, and Sauber in the 2005 season and eleven races of the 2006 season before suffering an injury in Germany. Villeneuve was replaced by Robert Kubica and soon BMW and Villeneuve parted company.

Outside Formula One, Villeneuve has taken on several new careers: in sportscar racing, racing for Peugeot in the 2007 and 2008 24 Hours of Le Mans, jumping to NASCAR in August 2007 and racing as an invited driver in the Argentinian Top Race V6 series and the Australian-based International V8 Supercars Championship. As a musician, he has released an album titled Private Paradise.

Villeneuve was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in 1998.

James Vowles

James P. Vowles, born 1979 in Felbridge, is a British motorsport engineer, currently working in Formula One with the Mercedes team as their Chief Strategist.Vowles was responsible for the Brawn GP race strategy, which was critical to the team's championship-winning 2009 campaign. Prior to Brawn GP, Vowles worked in Formula 1 as an engineer for Brawn GP's predecessors British American Racing and Honda Racing F1. The team was later bought by Mercedes.

Marc Hynes

Marc Hynes (born 26 February 1978 in Guildford) is a British racing driver, currently driving for Quantel Bifold Racing. with Triple Eight Race Engineering in the British Touring Car Championship.He won the 1995 British Formula Vauxhall Junior title and the 1997 British Formula Renault title.

He then stepped up to Formula 3 and won the 1999 British Formula 3 Championship for Manor Motorsport beating Luciano Burti and Jenson Button into second and third places respectively. He competed in three rounds of the 2000 International Formula 3000 season for the WRT team. He has also tested for the Formula One team British American Racing.

He has also worked as a driver coach for his former team Manor Motorsport. He is now Head of Driver Development at Marussia F1, the Formula One team born out of Manor Motorsport.

Mika Salo

Mika Juhani Salo (born 30 November 1966) is a Finnish former professional racing driver. He competed in Formula One between 1994 and 2002. His best ranking was 10th in the world championship in 1999, when he stood in for the injured Michael Schumacher at Ferrari for six races, scoring two podiums. He also won the GT2 class in the 2008 and 2009 24 Hours of Le Mans.

Minardi M01

The Minardi M01 was the car with which the Minardi Formula One team used to compete in the 1999 Formula One season. It was designated 01 because the team felt that the car marked a new beginning for the team. It was driven by Luca Badoer, who had previously driven for Minardi in 1995 and was Ferrari's test driver at the time, and Marc Gené, a Spanish rookie. Prost test driver Stéphane Sarrazin also drove the car for one race after Badoer broke his hand in a testing accident.

Despite the fact that the car represented a major step forward for a team of Minardi's small budget, they remained near or at the back of the grid, in a season-long battle with the Arrows team. Brunner identified the car's greatest shortcoming as its aerodynamics, as the Faenza outfit could not afford long periods of time using wind tunnels.

However, the team did score their first points in four years when Gené finished sixth at the Nürburgring, but this was only after Badoer retired from fourth with a gearbox failure with 13 laps remaining. This point was sufficient to take the team to tenth in the Constructors' Championship; the team was tied with Arrows on points count, but it ended up behind Arrows because Toranosuke Takagi had a better finishing place (7th) at the Australian Grand Prix than Badoer, who finished his highest with a position of 8th at the San Marino Grand Prix, but ahead of the well-funded and resourced British American Racing team.

Renault R23

The Renault R23 is a Formula One car that competed in the 2003 Formula One season. The driver lineup were Jarno Trulli and Fernando Alonso who replaced Jenson Button who left for British American Racing.

The team started on pole at the 2003 Malaysian Grand Prix, thanks to Alonso. Later the team won the 2003 Hungarian Grand Prix, also thanks to Alonso, the first time Renault had won a Grand Prix since the 1983 Austrian Grand Prix as a full-constructor team and 1997 Luxembourg Grand Prix as an engine supplier after a 97-race wait. Renault was innovative during this period producing non-standard designs such as the 111° 10-cylinder engine for the 2003 RS23 which was designed to effectively lower the center of gravity of the engine and thus improve the car's handling. This eventually proved too unreliable and heavy, so Renault returned to a 72 degree vee angle with the following year's R24.

Eventually the team finished fourth in the Constructors' Championship with 88 points.

Tyrrell 025

The Tyrrell 025 was the car the Tyrrell Formula One team used to compete in the 1997 Formula One season. It was driven by Mika Salo, who was in his third season with the team, and Jos Verstappen, who moved from Footwork.

The 025 was an evolution of the previous year's 024, with Ford V8 engines instead of Yamaha V10s in the interests of reliability. However, this came at the expense of power against the V10 cars.

The year was largely disappointing for the team. The chassis was well-balanced, the drivers were quick and the strategy was good but the increase in competitiveness in the sport saw them restricted to a battle with fellow V8 runner Minardi for much of the season. The team's frustration came from the cars often being closer in terms of raw pace to the front-runners than in 1996, but further away on the grid and in the race results.

The team's two points came from an inventive non-stop run from Salo at the 1997 Monaco Grand Prix to finish fifth, despite a damaged front wing. They would prove to be Tyrrell's last points in F1, as Ken Tyrrell sold the team to the fledgling British American Racing team before the 1998 season began.

As ever, the team used a fair degree of technical innovation. On high-downforce circuits (such as Monaco), two additional wings were installed on either side of the cockpit. To distinguish between the drivers, Verstappen's were painted yellow and Salo's dark orange. These "X-wings" would be banned during 1998 after safety concerns in the pitlane, by which point other teams had begun using them.

The team eventually finished tenth in the Constructors' Championship, with two points.

Tyrrell 026

The Tyrrell 026 was the car with which the Tyrrell Formula One team competed in the 1998 Formula One season, it was the last Tyrrell car to compete in F1. It was driven by Ricardo Rosset and rookie Toranosuke Takagi.

This was Tyrrell's last year in F1, as Ken Tyrrell had sold the team to British American Racing prior to the first race. Indeed, Tyrrell left the team soon afterwards in anger, after Rosset was chosen to drive alongside Takagi, rather than 1997 Tyrrell driver Jos Verstappen. The team had a V10 engine and a reasonable chassis, but the season was seen as a holding year before BAR took over in 1999. The team was also disadvantaged by having an over-eager rookie in Takagi, who nevertheless showed flashes of potential, and Rosset, who proved to be too slow.

The team was unclassified in the 11th Constructors' Championship, with no points but behind Minardi due to the Italian team having a better finishing record.

Williams FW20

The Williams FW20 was the car with which the Williams Formula One team competed in the 1998 Formula One season. It was driven by Jacques Villeneuve, the reigning champion, and Heinz-Harald Frentzen, who was in his second year with the team.

The team was adversely affected by the departure of Chief Designer Adrian Newey to McLaren, and Renault's withdrawal from F1 as an engine supplier. Newey and Renault had made Williams the dominant team of the early and mid 1990s. Newey had departed at the end of 1996, but his input had gone into the FW19 for 1997, so the FW20 was the first Williams car since 1990 that did not directly bear his design. The car was equipped with a Mecachrome-badged version of what was essentially the previous year's engine. Also gone was the highly distinctive blue and white Rothmans livery, as the company had decided to promote its Winfield brand.

1998 was very disappointing compared to the previous championship-winning campaign. The team finished a distant third in the Constructors' Championship, with three podiums and no wins, a long way behind McLaren and Ferrari.

Villeneuve was unhappy with the season and had no chance to defend his title. He signed with the new British American Racing team for 1999, and Frentzen departed to Jordan after two seasons spent largely in the shadow of his teammate.

Williams used 'Winfield' logos, except at the French, British and German Grands Prix.

United Kingdom British American Racing
Subsidiaries
Brands
People
Other
2019 season
Former

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.