Bristol is a suburban city located in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, 20 miles (32 km) southwest-west of Hartford. The city is also 120 miles southwest from Boston, and approximately 100 miles northeast of New York City. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 60,477.
Bristol is best known as the home of ESPN, whose central studios are in the city. Bristol is also home to Lake Compounce (1846), America's oldest continuously operating theme park. Bristol was known as a clock-making city in the 19th century, and is home to the American Clock & Watch Museum. For silver enthusiasts, Bristol is also known as the site of the former American Silver Company and its predecessor companies (1851–1935).
Bristol's nicknames include the "Bell City", because of a history manufacturing innovative spring-driven doorbells, and the "Mum City", because it was once a leader in chrysanthemum production and still holds an annual Bristol Mum Festival.
In 2010, Bristol was ranked 84th on Money magazine's "Best Places to Live". In 2013, Hartford Magazine ranked Bristol as Greater Hartford's top municipality in the "Best Bang for the Buck" category.
Mum City, Bell City
|• Mayor||Ellen Zoppo-Sassu (D)|
|• Total||26.8 sq mi (69.4 km2)|
|• Land||26.4 sq mi (68.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)|
|Elevation||305 ft (93 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,300/sq mi (870/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0205727|
|2016||47.25% 12,499||48.20% 12,752||4.55% 1,204|
|2012||57.91% 14,146||40.95% 10,004||1.14% 279|
|2008||60.10% 15,966||38.41% 10,203||1.49% 397|
|2004||56.34% 14,201||42.13% 10,619||1.53% 386|
|2000||61.81% 14,665||33.50% 7,948||4.69% 1,112|
|1996||57.59% 13,616||27.74% 6,560||14.67% 3,468|
|1992||41.99% 11,872||29.73% 8,407||28.28% 7,995|
|1988||54.39% 13,462||44.58% 11,034||1.03% 256|
|1984||43.53% 10,782||56.00% 13,872||0.47% 116|
|1980||46.32% 11,123||39.91% 9,583||13.77% 3,306|
|1976||54.07% 13,330||45.23% 11,151||0.70% 173|
|1972||46.92% 11,609||52.19% 12,913||0.89% 219|
|1968||57.59% 12,316||37.66% 8,053||4.76% 1,017|
|1964||76.13% 15,600||23.87% 4,892||0.00% 0|
|1960||62.82% 13,365||37.18% 7,909||0.00% 0|
|1956||39.28% 7,602||60.72% 11,751||0.00% 0|
The city is governed under a Mayor-council form of government. Both the mayor and councilpersons are elected every two years. The city's Treasurer, Board of Assessment Appeals, and Board of Education are also elected every two years. The current mayor is Ellen Zoppo-Sassu (D), elected in the 2017 municipal election. The last municipal election was held on November 7, 2017.
The City Council is made up of six members, elected every two years from three two member districts. As of the 2017 municipal elections, the members of the city council are:
Bristol is represented in the Connecticut House of Representatives by state representatives Cara Pavalock D’Amato (R-77), Whit Betts (R-78), and Chris Ziogas (79-D). State Senator Henri Martin (R-31) represents Bristol in the Connecticut Senate. At the federal level, Bristol is in Connecticut's 1st congressional district and is currently represented by Democrat John B. Larson.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Bristol has a total area of 26.8 square miles (69.5 km2), of which 26.4 square miles (68.4 km2) is land and 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2), or 1.51%, is water. Bristol contains several distinct sections, including Cedar Lake in the southwestern quarter, Chippens Hill in the northwestern quarter, Edgewood in the northeastern quarter, Forestville in the southeastern quarter and the city in the approximate middle of Bristol. The majority of Bristol's area is residential in character, though since 2008 there has been a push for commercial development in the city. The city is part of the Naugatuck Valley Regional Planning Organization following the closure of the Central Connecticut Regional Planning Agency, the metropolitan planning organization for Bristol, New Britain, and surrounding towns for decades.
Forestville was the hunting grounds of the Tunxis tribe until the 19th century. The village was established in 1833 and named Forestville for its wooded surroundings. Forestville today has grown into a mini-metropolis of suburban neighborhoods and local businesses. The boundaries of Forestville go from the Plainville town line, south to the Southington town line, west up to the industrial development along Middle street and crosses King Street, including properties on Kingswood Drive and Bernside Drive, north up to Bristol Eastern High School, then north up to the south edge of properties on Louisiana Avenue, then to the west of properties on the west side of Brook Street and from there, goes up to commercial development along Farmington Avenue. Within the Forestville area, there are two subsections known as East Bristol and the Stafford District. Forestville village has a library branch (Manross), post office, meeting hall, community group (Forestville Village Association), fire station, cemetery, funeral home, two urban parks (Quinlan Veterans Park and Clock Tower Park), Pequabuck Duck Race, Memorial Day Parade, Summer Concert Night, Pumpkin Festival, and a railroad station (no longer in use). At one time all of Forestville had its own zip code.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 census, there were 60,477 people, 25,189 households, and 16,175 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,265.8 inhabitants per square mile (874.8/km²). There were 26,125 housing units at an average density of 985.6 per square mile (380.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 87.74% White, 3.84% African American, 9.64% Hispanic, 0.19% Native American, 1.94% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.72% from other races, and 2.54% from two or more races.
In 2000 there were 24,886 households in Bristol, of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% consisted of a sole resident who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38, and the average family size was 2.94.
The age diversity at the 2000 census was 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city in 2010 was $57,610. The per capita income for the city was $30,573. 10.5% of the population was living below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 8.7% of those under the age of 18 and 5.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of November 1, 2017|
|Party||Active Voters||Inactive Voters||Total Voters||Percentage|
Education in Bristol is conducted using seven elementary schools (grades kindergarten through five), two middle schools (grades six, seven and eight), and two high schools. In addition to these public schools, there are three private Catholic Schools, and one Lutheran School available. These add an additional three pre-kindergarten through grade 8 schools and one additional high school.
A recent press release shows good scores on the Connecticut Academic Performance Test, a standardized test which students take statewide in tenth grade. The report states that more than 87% of Bristol students scored at or above the proficient level in each of the content areas assessed.
|Elementary schools||Middle schools||K-through-8 schools||High schools|
(closed June 2010) 
|Chippens Hill Middle School||Saint Anthony School
(Closed June 2016)
|Bristol Central High School|
|Edgewood School||Memorial Boulevard Middle School
(Closed June 2012)
|Saint Matthew School ||Bristol Eastern High School|
|Greene-Hills School||Northeast Middle School||Saint Joseph School ||St. Paul Catholic High School|
|Hubbell School||Immanuel Lutheran School |
|Ivy Drive School|
(closed June 2012)
|Mountain View School|
(closed June 2012)
|South Side School|
Recently, it has been proposed that the educational system of the city be redesigned. Because some of the schools are in historic buildings, new schools are being sought by the city. In addition, it has been proposed that the entire education system of the city be redesigned, eliminating the middle school category. In other words, all schools would be kindergarten through eighth grade or high school. The Bristol Board of Education's appeals for support for this project have been met with mixed emotions.
Bristol's emergency medical services program has been provided by Bristol Hospital since 1977. It was designed to assume the responsibility previously carried by the Bristol Police Department. The Bristol Hospital's EMS are carried out using 6 emergency ambulances(including spares), 2 paramedic intercept vehicles and 4 wheelchair vans.
The Bristol, Connecticut Fire Department is a full-service fire department with five engine companies (or stations) and one tower company. The Bristol Board of Fire Commissioners consists of five members appointed by the Mayor who establish the primary policies of the fire department.
The Bristol Police Department is a full-service police department with approximately 125 sworn officers. The Bristol Board of Police Commissioners consists of five members appointed by the Mayor who establish the primary policies of the police department. In addition to a vehicular patrol division, downtown Bristol is also policed by a bicycle division and walking beat officers. During any shift, there may be as many as 20 officers on duty, not including detectives and officers from other divisions.
Since 2008, Bristol has begun another renovation of the downtown area. This has included a complete overhaul of a park in the center of the city. In addition, an outdated and underused mall from the 1970s was demolished in 2008. Also, North Main Street was improved in 2008 by adding islands in the road, elegant street lighting and a brick median when the road was repaved. In 2010, a preferred developer agreement was signed for a comprehensive $225 million redevelopment utilizing new urbanism strategies. A sharp decline in the availability of federal funding and a sluggish economy has stalled the project significantly. There has yet to be any groundbreaking as of the year 2017. Most of the city's redevelopment plans can be found in the city's "West End Study" and its 2015 Plan of Conservation and Development.
In the 1990s, the Blight Committee was formed to enforce appearance laws, and even demolish properties which it deems are unsightly and unkempt. This committee is tasked with ensuring that properties are not abandoned and that all properties are reasonably maintained.
In 2008, the Bristol Blight Committee was disbanded in order to make way for a new committee, the Bristol Code Enforcement Committee. This new committee has even greater powers and can now deal with both appearances and structural integrity issues of buildings in Bristol. The purpose of the committee is to streamline the process of enforcing the issues the former Blight Committee was tasked with. The law requires all structures to be free of "abandoned vehicles, nuisances, refuse, pollution and filth ... broken glass, loose shingles, holes, cracked or damaged siding, crumbling brick and other conditions 'reflective of deterioration or inadequate maintenance.'"
In addition to the Mum Festival, Bristol holds an annual street festival with a car show and a family farms weekend at Minors Farm, Shepherd Meadows and Roberts Orchard, similar to that of Southington's apple festival, all of which are held around September.
The first Bristol Mum Festival began on July 7, 1962, and included a parade. The members of the Chamber of Commerce and City of Bristol officials met and completed a list of activities to take place over six days. They wanted to focus on the positive things that were occurring in Bristol. When the festival opened it was originally known as the "Fall Festival". In 1963 the chrysanthemum ("Mum") was also added to the festival's name. Prior to 1986 the nurseries in Bristol would produce over 80,000 mum plants. In 2014, city leaders elected to adopt a new "brand" for the city. "All Heart" became the new logo on letterheads and T-shirts and even the "Mum Festival" leaders were "encouraged" to adopt the new image at the festival and parade.
Bristol has many parks: Peck, Page, Rockwell, Bracket, Barnes Nature Center, Indian Rock, Forestville Memorial and many more. The city is also home to Lake Compounce (1846), the oldest continuously operated amusement park in North America, and to the New England Carousel Museum, the American Clock & Watch Museum, the Imagine Nation Children's Museum, Bristol Military Memorial Museum, Bristol Historical Society Museum and the Witch's Dungeon Classic Movie Museum. The Harry Barnes Memorial Nature Center comprises 70 acres (280,000 m2) of forest and fields, with nature trails and an interpretive center. There is also a Polish-American Dożynki festival every September, at St Stanislaus Church.
Muzzy Field is one of the oldest ballparks in the United States. In 2012 and 2013, the City of Bristol approved funding for a significant renovation project of the historic ballpark.
The companies below are some of the most notable in Bristol. These, in addition to Bristol Hospital, are the largest private employers in the area.
Founded in 1857 and headquartered in Bristol, Barnes Group is a diversified international manufacturer of precision metal components and assemblies and a distributor of industrial supplies, serving a wide range of markets and customers. Barnes Group consists of three businesses with 2005 sales of $1.1 billion.
Though its beginnings were in Yonkers, New York, Otis Elevator Company possesses the tallest elevator test tower in the United States in Bristol. Located near ESPN and Lake Compounce, the 383-foot (117 m)-high tower is easily visible from the surrounding roads.
According to Bristol's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|3||City of Bristol & Board of Education||1,656|
|4||Stephen AutoMall Centre||200|
|5||IDEX Health & Science||200|
|6||Sheriden Woods Health Care Center||180|
|8||Stop & Shop||150|
|9||Rowley Spring and Stamping||150|
|10||The Pines at Bristol||140|
ACC Network (ACCN) is an upcoming American cable and satellite television channel that is owned by ESPN Inc. Announced on July 21, 2016, it will be dedicated to coverage of the Atlantic Coast Conference, and will launch on August 22, 2019. The channel will operate from ESPN's headquarters in Bristol, Connecticut, though some programming and staff will be based in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Ahead of the linear channel's launch and as part of ESPN's new contract with the conference, ESPN launched the digital platform ACC Network Extra on WatchESPN in 2016, which streams ACC events not broadcast on television.Al Benecick
Al Benecick (March 20, 1937 – September 29, 2015) was a Canadian Football League offensive lineman who played for the Saskatchewan Roughriders from 1959 through 1968. He was part of the Grey Cup championship-winning Saskatchewan Roughriders in 1966. Benecick retired as a member of the Edmonton Eskimos in 1969.
During Benecick's time as a member of the Saskatchewan Roughriders, he was named to the CFL's Western All-Star team 4 times.
Benecick was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1996. He died on September 29, 2015.Bristol Central High School
Bristol Central High School is a public high school in Bristol, Connecticut, United States. Its mascot is the Ram, and its colors are maroon and white. The school is known for its performing arts group, Footlights, as well as for its athletics. The Rams have excelled in basketball, baseball, wrestling, and track in recent years. In 2017, principal Peter Wininger was awarded Varsity Brands 'Principal of Principles,' deeming him the best principal in the United States. Teacher Gina Gallo-Reinhard nominated Wininger for the award, and he and his family were sent to Florida for the ceremony where he was crowned the winner.Bristol Eastern High School
Bristol Eastern High School is a public high school in Bristol, Connecticut, United States which was opened in 1959. It has an enrollment of 1,367 students in grades 9-12. As of 2013, its principal is Marisa Calvi-Rogers. Its mascot is the Lancer and the school colors are blue and gray.
Bristol Eastern High School prides itself in being recognized by the Department of Education as a nationally accredited Blue Ribbon School.Bristol Fire Department
The Bristol Fire Department provides fire protection to the city of Bristol, Connecticut. The department operates out of five fire stations to protect the 26.8 square miles (69 km2) of land they are responsible for.Bristol Red Sox
The Bristol Red Sox baseball club was an American minor league baseball franchise. Based in Bristol, Connecticut, it was the Double-A Eastern League farm system affiliate of the Boston Red Sox for ten seasons (1973–82) and played at Muzzy Field.ESPN
ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based pay television sports channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%). The company was founded in 1979 by Bill Rasmussen along with his son Scott Rasmussen and Ed Egan.
ESPN broadcasts primarily from studio facilities located in Bristol, Connecticut. The network also operates offices in Miami, New York City, Seattle, Charlotte, and Los Angeles. James Pitaro currently serves as chairman of ESPN, a position he has held since March 5, 2018 due to the resignation of John Skipper on December 18, 2017 (who succeeded George Bodenheimer as president in 2012). While ESPN is one of the most successful sports networks, there has been much criticism of ESPN, which includes accusations of biased coverage, conflict of interest, and controversies with individual broadcasters and analysts.
As of January 2016, ESPN is available to approximately 91,405,000 paid television households (78.527% of households with at least one television set) in the United States. Nielsen has reported a much lower number in 2017, below 90,000,000 subscribers, losing more than 10,000 a day. In addition to the flagship channel and its seven related channels in the United States, ESPN broadcasts in more than 200 countries, operating regional channels in Australia, Brazil, Latin America and the United Kingdom, and owning a 20% interest in The Sports Network (TSN) as well as its five sister networks in Canada.
In 2011, ESPN's history and rise was chronicled in Those Guys Have All the Fun, a nonfiction book written by James Andrew Miller and Tom Shales and published by Little, Brown and Company.ESPNU
ESPNU is an American digital cable and satellite sports television channel that is owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture between the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company (which owns a controlling 80% stake) and the Hearst Communications (which owns the remaining 20%). The channel is primarily dedicated to coverage of college athletics, and is also used as an additional outlet for general ESPN programming. ESPNU is based alongside its sister networks at ESPN's headquarters in Bristol, Connecticut.
As of February 2015, ESPNU is available to approximately 73,594,000 pay television households (63.2% of households with at least one television set) in the United States.ESPN Inc.
ESPN Inc. is an American sports media conglomerate owned by Disney Media Networks, a division of The Walt Disney Company, with Hearst Communications as an equity stakeholder. It owns various sports broadcasting operations, including cable channels (such as the namesake ESPN), a sports radio network, an accompanying website, and other assets.ESPN markets itself as the "Worldwide Leader in Sports". Most programming on ESPN networks consist of live or tape-delayed sporting events, sports news programming, sports talk shows, and original series and documentaries.ESPN The Magazine
ESPN The Magazine is a monthly sports magazine published by the ESPN sports network in Bristol, Connecticut, in the United States. The first issue was published on March 11, 1998.The main sports covered include Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association, National Football League, National Hockey League, college basketball, and college football. The magazine typically takes a more lighthearted and humorous approach to sporting news compared with competitors such as Sports Illustrated and, previously, the Sporting News.
On April 30, 2019, ESPN announced they would cease paper publishing in September 2019.Frank Filipetti
Frank Filipetti is a 7x Grammy-winning music producer, engineer and mixer who was born in Bristol, Connecticut. Frank won 5 of those Grammys for The Color Purple, The Book of Mormon, Wicked, Monty Python's Spamalot and Elton John and Tim Rice's Aida. He was one of the first engineers to embrace digital. His credits include mixes for such number one singles as Foreigner's "I Want to Know What Love Is" and "I Don't Want to Live Without You" (which he also produced), the 1983 KISS album, Lick It Up and The Bangles' song, "Eternal Flame." Filipetti engineered and produced Survivor's 1988 album, Too Hot to Sleep. Filipetti also recorded and mixed albums for Carly Simon, Barbra Streisand, Vanessa Williams, George Michael, 10,000 Maniacs, Lauren Kinhan, Korn, Frank Zappa and James Taylor, whose Hourglass Filipetti produced, engineered and mixed, winning Grammy Awards in 1998 for Best Engineered Album and Best Pop Album.
A proponent of surround sound, Filipetti has made nine 5.1/DVD projects, including works for Billy Joel, Carly Simon, James Taylor and Meatloaf. He has recorded and mixed numerous live albums including the Pavarotti and Friends series, 1999's Minnelli on Minnelli: Live at the Palace, James Taylor's Live at the Beacon and most recently, Elton John's One Night Only. He is also recorded original cast albums for A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum featuring Nathan Lane, the Grammy-winning Annie Get Your Gun and 2000's Tony Award-winning and Grammy-nominated Aida, among others.
Filipetti currently lives in West Nyack, New York and is managed by Joe D'Ambrosio Management, Inc.Gary Burghoff
Gary Rich Burghoff (born May 24, 1943) is an American actor who played Charlie Brown in the 1967 Off-Broadway musical You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown, and the character Corporal Walter Eugene "Radar" O'Reilly in the film MASH, as well as the TV series. He was a regular on the hit TV game show Match Game during a period from 1974 - 1975 (beginning at episode 331) for 140 episodes, standing in for Charles Nelson Reilly who was in New York doing a Broadway play.Larry Kopf
William Lorenz "Larry" Kopf (November 3, 1890 – October 15, 1986) was a professional baseball player who played infielder in the Major Leagues from 1913 to 1923. He would play for the Cleveland Indians, Philadelphia Athletics, Boston Braves and Cincinnati Reds. Best known for his part in the only double no hitter in major league history. Kopf led off the tenth inning with a line drive single, breaking up a full nine innings without a hit for either team. He later scored on a single by Jim Thorpe.
He was the brother of football coach Herb Kopf.Mike Reiss
Michael L. Reiss (born September 15, 1959) is an American television comedy writer and author. He served as a show-runner, writer and producer for the animated series The Simpsons and co-created the animated series The Critic. He created and wrote the webtoon Queer Duck and has also worked on screenplays including: Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs, The Simpsons Movie and My Life in Ruins.Muzzy Field
Muzzy Field is a stadium in Bristol, Connecticut adjacent to Rockwell Park. It has been in use since 1912 for both baseball and football. The brick-faced grandstand, with a capacity of 4,900 people, was built in 1939. It features a ring of tall pine trees that line the outside of the outfield wall and the grandstand.
Muzzy Field hosts high school sports, primarily baseball and football. Three high schools use the field: Bristol Central High School, Bristol Eastern High School, and Saint Paul Catholic High School. Muzzy Field is the site of the football "Battle for the Bell" between Bristol Eastern and Bristol Central, held every Thanksgiving morning, with the winner claiming the bell for the following year.
In summer, Muzzy Field hosts collegiate baseball teams: since 2015, the Bristol Blues of the Futures Collegiate Baseball League; and formerly, the Bristol Collegiate Baseball Club (2010) and the Bristol Nighthawks (1994-1995), both of the New England Collegiate Baseball League.Paul Severino
Paul Severino (born October 5, 1983) is an American sportscaster and studio host appearing across MLB Network's programming, including MLB Tonight, MLB Network's Emmy Award-winning daily studio show. Severino joined MLB Network in January 2011. He was hired to be the new TV play by play voice of the Miami Marlins for Fox Sports Florida in 2018.
In addition to his studio work, Severino has done play-by-play for many MLB Network game telecasts, including the Arizona Fall League, the Triple-A All-Star Game, the Under Armour All-American Game and the Urban Invitational.
Prior to MLB Network, Severino served as a host and anchor across ESPN's programming, including ESPNews and "SportsCenter" on ESPN America.
Severino also anchored ESPN3.com halftime shows for NBA and NCAA football games, hosted "Fantasy Focus" on ESPN.com, and served as a play-by-play announcer for Pop Warner Championships at Disney's Wide World of Sports in 2008 and 2009.
Severino is a native of Bristol, Connecticut, and graduated from Endicott College in Beverly, Massachusetts.Spectrum Comics
Spectrum Comics was a short-lived American comic book publisher founded in 1983. Based in Bristol, Connecticut, Spectrum only published three series during its existence. Notable creators associated with Spectrum included Steve Woron, Karl Kesel and Tom Morgan.St. Paul Catholic High School
St. Paul Catholic High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Bristol, Connecticut, United States. It is located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford. Its mascot is the falcon, and its colors are blue, white, and crimson. The school is known for their performing arts, as well as for their athletics.St. Stanislaus Parish (Bristol, Connecticut)
St. Stanislaus Parish (Polish language: Parafia św. Stanisława Biskupa i Męczennika w Bristol)was originally built to serve Polish immigrants in Bristol, Connecticut, United States.
It was founded in 1919 and is one of the Polish-American Roman Catholic parishes in New England in the Archdiocese of Hartford.
Municipalities and communities of Hartford County, Connecticut, United States
|Cities and towns|
|Cities and towns|