Briey

Briey (French pronunciation: ​[bʁijɛ]) is a former commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France. On 1 January 2017, it was merged into the new commune Val de Briey.[1]

It is located above and in a steep section of the valley of the little River Woigot, some thirty kilometres to the west of the autoroute that connects Metz with Luxembourg. The town itself had a gently declining population through much of the twentieth century, but the level has recently recovered to around 5,000.

Briey
Remparts Briey
Coat of arms of Briey

Coat of arms
Location of Briey
Briey is located in France
Briey
Briey
Briey is located in Grand Est
Briey
Briey
Coordinates: 49°14′58″N 5°56′25″E / 49.2494°N 5.9403°ECoordinates: 49°14′58″N 5°56′25″E / 49.2494°N 5.9403°E
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentMeurthe-et-Moselle
ArrondissementBriey
CantonPays de Briey
CommuneVal de Briey
Area
1
27.13 km2 (10.47 sq mi)
Population
(2009)2
5,464
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
54150
Elevation200–300 m (660–980 ft)
(avg. 240 m or 790 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Geography

Briey forms a part of an extensive grouping of once heavily industrialised towns that also includes Jœuf and Homécourt, along with Hagondange, Amnéville and Rombas in the adjacent department.

The town is arranged into four principal quarters, and traversed by the Woigot (itself a tributary of the Orne). North of the river, Briey-Haut (Upper Briey), the area centred on the former medieval citadel, stretches out towards the villages of Mance and Moutier, and overhangs Briey-Bas (Lower Briey), which occupies the banks of the Woigot. The steeply angled “grand-rue” (“Main Street”) connects the two areas of the town, which elsewhere are separated by a cliff-face garden. South of the valley is Briey-les-Hauts, another “high town”, facing the villages of Lantéfontaine and Valleroy. Beyond Briey-Haut, the fourth quarter is Briey-en-Forêt, a 1960s development dominated by Le Corbusier’s “Cité Radieuse”, a substantial apartment block, which displays an architectural assertiveness characteristic of its time: the Cité Radieuse has frequently struggled to attract residents, triggering aesthetic and political controversy since first it emerged from the surrounding woodland.

History

The name "Briey" comes from the Celtic word "Briga", which denotes a fortress. There is a record of the Counts of Bar having held a castle here in 1072. Briey received town privileges in 1263. The turbulent years following the Black Death and the resulting sudden shifts in economic power were marked by an upsurge of violence across the region, and in 1369 Briey was burned out by a force from nearby Metz.

The increasing fragility of the Duchy of Burgundy (with was finally absorbed into France following the 1477 Battle of Nancy) created areas of political uncertainty on both sides of the Rhine and ushered in several centuries of warfare which tended, at least until the Battle of Sedan (1871), to involve France on one side and various neighbouring countries on the other, whose leaders did not wish France to expand. Briey found itself captured by Charles the Bold in 1475, ravaged by Protestants in 1591, and captured by a Swedish army in 1635. The relative strength of the natural defensive position of the old citadel preserved Briey from yet more frequent devastations, but it was nonetheless reportedly occupied briefly by a Russian army during the final days of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815.

In 1801 Briey became a sub-prefecture in the Moselle department. However, after the Franco-Prussian War most of the Moselle department became part of the German Empire's territory of Alsace-Lorraine under the terms of the Treaty of Frankfurt. The former French department ceased to exist and its residuum, including Briey, was integrated into a new department of Meurthe-et-Moselle. When Lorraine was recovered by France in 1919 it was decided not to return Briey to its former department. Thus in terms of departmental boundaries, the town remains administratively separated from the eastern portion of the Briey Basin.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 1,802—    
1800 1,403−22.1%
1806 1,784+27.2%
1821 1,627−8.8%
1836 1,730+6.3%
1841 1,938+12.0%
1861 1,886−2.7%
1866 1,876−0.5%
1872 1,996+6.4%
1876 2,139+7.2%
1881 2,131−0.4%
1886 2,143+0.6%
1891 2,033−5.1%
1896 2,001−1.6%
1901 2,226+11.2%
1906 2,630+18.1%
1911 2,894+10.0%
1921 2,686−7.2%
1926 2,666−0.7%
1931 2,804+5.2%
1936 2,779−0.9%
1946 2,909+4.7%
1954 3,443+18.4%
1962 5,391+56.6%
1968 4,966−7.9%
1975 5,352+7.8%
1982 4,357−18.6%
1990 4,514+3.6%
1999 4,858+7.6%
2006 5,128+5.6%
2009 5,464+6.6%

Economy

At the beginning of the twentieth century the Briey Basin was one of Europe’s leading steel producing regions: in the 1970s the Hagondange-Briey agglomeration still had a population of above 130,000, although by 1990 this figure had fallen to 112,000.

Intensive heavy industrialisation is now a receding memory, and the service sector has provided the principal sources of employment growth in recent years, with increasing numbers of the working-age residents commuting to nearby Metz or Luxembourg.

See also

References

  1. ^ Arrêté préfectoral 28 June 2016 (in French)
1876 Belgian general election

Partial general elections were held in Belgium on 13 June 1876. In the elections for the Chamber of Representatives the result was a victory for the Catholic Party, which won 67 of the 124 seats. Voter turnout was 67.5%, although only 63,278 people were eligible to vote.

Under the alternating system, elections were only held in five out of the nine provinces: Antwerp, Brabant, Luxembourg, Namur and West Flanders.

Additionally, special elections were held:

Simultaneously with the partial general elections to elect a representative for the arrondissement of Liège

On 7 August 1876 to elect a representative for the arrondissement of Leuven following the death of Edouard Wouters on 13 July 1876

On 7 September 1876 to elect a representative for the arrondissement of Virton replacing Albert de Briey

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Arrondissement of Briey

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Camille de Briey

Camille de Briey (June 27, 1800 - June 3, 1877) was a Belgian industrialist, politician and diplomat.

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Joris Delle

Joris Delle (born 29 March 1990 in Briey) is a French football player who plays as a goalkeeper for Dutch club Feyenoord. He is a French youth international and has served as the number one goalkeeper at under-16, under-17, and under-21 level. Delle was a member of the 2005–06 Metz under-16 team that won the Championnat National des 16 ans. On 23 May 2007, he signed his first professional contract agreeing to a three-year deal.

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Philippe Houvion

Philippe Houvion (born 5 October 1957 in Briey) is a retired French pole vaulter. On 17 July 1980 in Paris, Houvion jumped 5.77 metres, beating the world record of Thierry Vigneron by two centimetres. The record only lasted until 30 July 1980, when Władysław Kozakiewicz of Poland jumped 5.78 metres in Moscow. Houvion was born in Briey, Meurthe-et-Moselle. He was coached by his father, Maurice Houvion, after being talked out of a career in football.

Preutin-Higny

Preutin-Higny is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.

Val de Briey

Val de Briey (French pronunciation: ​[val də bʁijɛ]) is a commune in the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, northeastern France. The municipality was established on 1 January 2017 by merger of the former communes of Briey (the seat), Mancieulles and Mance.

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