Brian Mawhinney

Brian Stanley Mawhinney, Baron Mawhinney, PC (born 26 July 1940)[1] is a British Conservative Party politician. He was a member of the Cabinet from 1994 until 1997 and a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1979 until 2005.


The Lord Mawhinney

Shadow Home Secretary
In office
11 June 1997 – 11 April 1998
LeaderWilliam Hague
Preceded byMichael Howard
Succeeded byNorman Fowler
Chairman of the Conservative Party
In office
5 July 1995 – 11 June 1997
LeaderJohn Major
Preceded byJeremy Hanley
Succeeded byCecil Parkinson
Minister without Portfolio
In office
5 July 1995 – 2 May 1997
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byJeremy Hanley
Succeeded byPeter Mandelson
Secretary of State for Transport
In office
20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byJohn MacGregor
Succeeded byGeorge Young
Minister of State for Health
In office
14 April 1992 – 20 July 1994
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byVirginia Bottomley
Succeeded byGerry Malone
Member of Parliament
for Peterborough
In office
3 May 1979 – 1 May 1997
Preceded byMichael Ward
Succeeded byHelen Clark
Member of Parliament
for North West Cambridgeshire
In office
2 May 1997 – 11 April 2005
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byShailesh Vara
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
24 June 2005
Life Peerage
Personal details
Born26 July 1940 (age 78)
Belfast, Northern Ireland
Political partyConservative
Alma materQueen's University Belfast
University College London

Early life

Mawhinney was born in 1940 in Belfast and was educated at the Royal Belfast Academical Institution.[2] He studied physics at Queen's University of Belfast,[2] gaining an upper second class degree in 1963 and obtained a Ph.D. in radiation physics at the Royal Free Hospital in London in 1969 with thesis title Studies on the effects of radiation on mammalian bone grown in vitro.[2] He worked as assistant professor of radiation research at the University of Iowa from 1968–70 and then returned to the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine as a lecturer from 1970–84.[2]

Political career

Mawhinney contested Stockton-on-Tees in October 1974 but lost to Labour incumbent, Bill Rodgers. Mawhinney served as Member of Parliament for Peterborough from 1979–97 and Member of Parliament for North West Cambridgeshire from 1997 to 2005.[3] Mawhinney campaigned prolifically against pornography. In 1979 one of his bills was in the Private Members’ Bills ballot, which attempted to ban indecent displays outside cinemas, sex shops and strip clubs. In early 1980, he called for Keith Joseph to launch an inquiry into a page on the Post Office’s Prestel viewdata service, called "A Buyer's Guide to Dirty Books".[4]

In Government

He was PPS to John Wakeham from 1982–83, and PPS to Tom King from 1984-86.[2] He became a junior minister at the Northern Ireland Office in 1986,[1] and then became Minister of State at the Northern Ireland Office in 1990.[2] In 1992, he became Minister of State at the Department of Health until 1994.

Cabinet

Having been sworn of the Privy Council in the 1994 New Year Honours,[5] he entered the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Transport that year.[2] He served as Chairman of the Conservative Party and Minister without Portfolio for two years from 1995 until the 1997 election.[1] He was knighted in the 1997 Dissolution Honours.[6]

In Opposition

He served as Shadow Home Secretary and spokesman for home, constitutional and legal affairs for a year under William Hague before returning to the back benches in June 1998.[1] He stepped down from the House of Commons in May 2005.[7][8]

House of Lords

On 13 May 2005 it was announced that he would be created a life peer,[9] and on 24 June he was created Baron Mawhinney, of Peterborough, in the County of Cambridgeshire.[10]

Lord Mawhinney questioned the priority David Cameron had given to the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill, stating that it was a distraction.[11]

Outside politics

In 2003, he was appointed Chairman of The Football League,[12] and in 2004 oversaw a re-organisation of the league structure, renaming the former Division One as the Football League Championship. Deeply religious, Mawhinney is a leading member of the Conservative Christian Fellowship and was a member of the General Synod for five years.[1] He is also the current president of Christians In Sport.[13]

Personal life

Mawhinney has two sons and a daughter with his wife Betty, a United States citizen. He lists Anglo-American relations among his interests.[14]

Styles of address

  • 1940–1969: Mr Brian Mawhinney
  • 1969–1979: Dr Brian Mawhinney
  • 1979–1994: Dr Brian Mawhinney MP
  • 1994–1997: The Rt Hon. Dr Brian Mawhinney MP
  • 1997–2005: The Rt Hon. Sir Brian Mawhinney MP
  • 2005: The Rt Hon. Sir Brian Mawhinney
  • 2005–: The Rt Hon. The Lord Mawhinney PC

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Sir Brian Mawhinney". BBC News. 18 October 2002. Retrieved 23 April 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Mawhinney, Brian". London, UK: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 14 November 2005. Retrieved 23 April 2008.
  3. ^ "…with 27 new working peers…". London, UK: Telegraph Media Group. 14 May 2005. Retrieved 23 April 2008.
  4. ^ InfoWorld, 28 April 1980.
  5. ^ "No. 53527". The London Gazette. 30 December 1993. p. 1.
  6. ^ "No. 55229". The London Gazette. 16 August 1998. p. 8994.
  7. ^ "Mawhinney to leave Parliament". BBC News. 30 September 2003. Retrieved 21 December 2007.
  8. ^ "End of Commons road for four MPs". BBC News. 10 April 2005. Retrieved 4 August 2007.
  9. ^ "Full list of new life peers". BBC News. 13 May 2005. Retrieved 4 August 2007.
  10. ^ "No. 57688". The London Gazette. 29 June 2005. p. 8439.
  11. ^ David Cameron under renewed pressure from Tory grassroots over gay marriage, standard.co.uk, 2 June 2013.
  12. ^ "Mawhinney handed top post". BBC Sport. 19 December 2002. Retrieved 4 August 2007.
  13. ^ "PRESS RELEASE: Lord Mawhinney appointed as President of Christians in Sport". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  14. ^ Castle, Stephen (31 July 1994). "Profile: No nonsense for the Cabinet's new boy: Brian Mawhinney: The transport boss may have a twinkle in his eye, writes Stephen Castle, but he won't take flannel from civil servants". The Independent. London, UK.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Michael Ward
Member of Parliament
for Peterborough

19791997
Succeeded by
Helen Clark
New constituency Member of Parliament
for North West Cambridgeshire

19972005
Succeeded by
Shailesh Vara
Political offices
Preceded by
John MacGregor
Secretary of State for Transport
1994–1995
Succeeded by
George Young
Preceded by
Jeremy Hanley
Minister without Portfolio
1995–1997
Succeeded by
Peter Mandelson
Preceded by
Michael Howard
Shadow Home Secretary
1997–1998
Succeeded by
Norman Fowler
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jeremy Hanley
Chairman of the Conservative Party
1995–1997
Succeeded by
Cecil Parkinson
Biteback Publishing

Biteback Publishing is a British publisher concentrating mainly on political titles. It was incorporated, as a private limited company with share capital, in 2009. It is jointly owned by its managing director Iain Dale and by Michael Ashcroft's Political Holdings Ltd, and has published several of Ashcroft's books including Call Me Dave, his controversial 2015 biography of David Cameron.Other titles include The Left's Jewish Problem (2016) and Post-Truth: How Bullshit Conquered the World (2017) by investigative journalist James Ball.Biteback's author roster includes Andrew Adonis, Yasmin Alibhai-Brown, Roger Bannister, John Bercow, Conrad Black, Gyles Brandreth, Elkie Brooks, Liam Byrne, Alastair Campbell, Chapman Pincher, Ann Clwyd, Michael Crick, Barry Cryer, Edwina Currie, David Davis, Angela Eagle, Nigel Farage, Norman Fowler, Paul Gambaccini, Charlotte Green, Peter Hain, Vince Hilaire, Ken Hom, Barbara Hosking, Lee Howey, John Hutton, Antony Jay, Stanley Johnson, Nigel Lawson, Oliver Letwin, Maureen Lipman, Caroline Lucas, Jonathan Lynn, Denis MacShane, Brian Mawhinney, Damian McBride, Michael Meacher, Austin Mitchell, Ron Moody, Bel Mooney, Jim Murphy, Airey Neave, Michael Nicholson, Jessye Norman, Isabel Oakeshott, David Owen, Matthew Parris, Priti Patel, Harvey Proctor, Vicky Pryce, Mike Read, Malcolm Rifkind, Geoffrey Robertson, Nick Ross, Andrew Sachs, Bernie Sanders, Gillian Shephard, Jacqui Smith, Michael Spicer, Sean Spicer, Elizabeth Truss, David Waddington, Nigel West and Michael Winner.

Around 20% of its sales are ebooks.

Electoral results for the district of Mill Park

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Electoral results for the district of Yan Yean

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First Major ministry

John Major formed the first Major ministry upon the resignation of Margaret Thatcher in November 1990, after being invited by Queen Elizabeth II to lead the next government.

Jeremy Hanley

Sir Jeremy James Hanley, KCMG (born 17 November 1945), is a politician and chartered accountant from the United Kingdom. He served as the Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1994 to 1995, and as a member of parliament (MP) representing the constituency of Richmond and Barnes from 1983 to 1997.

John MacGregor, Baron MacGregor of Pulham Market

John Roddick Russell MacGregor, Baron MacGregor of Pulham Market, (born 14 February 1937) is a politician in the United Kingdom. He was educated at Merchiston Castle School, then at the University of St Andrews (MA economics and history, 1959) and at King's College London (LLB, 1962). Prior to the 1979 general election he worked for Hill Samuel, a merchant bank.MacGregor is also an accomplished magician and member of The Magic Circle. He gave regular performances on British television, including guest spots on The Best of Magic and an annual children's charity programme on Anglia Television.He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1971 New Year Honours for political services.He was Conservative MP for South Norfolk, but stepped down at the 2001 election.

List of 1994 British incumbents

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List of 1995 British incumbents

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List of MPs elected in the 1979 United Kingdom general election

This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the 48th Parliament of the United Kingdom in the 1979 general election, held on 3 May 1979. This Parliament was dissolved in 1983.

Notable figures among the 77 newcomers to the House of Commons included John Major, Jack Straw, Chris Patten, Matthew Parris, Michael Martin, Clive Soley, Peter Robinson, Frank Dobson, Richard Shepherd, Frank Field, David Mellor, Brian Mawhinney, William Waldegrave, John Patten, Antony Marlow and David Marshall. Of the 77, just two were woman (Sheila Faith) and Sheila Wright. In total, the Parliament had just 19 female members (8 Conservative, 11 Labour), fewer than any post-war parliament before or since, with the sole exception of 1951. Despite this however, it was the election from which Margaret Thatcher, the incumbent Conservative Party leader became Prime Minister, the first ever female head of government in the United Kingdom and Europe.

Mawhinney

Mawhinney is a Scottish and Northern Irish surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Brian Mawhinney PC (born 1940), Northern Irish Conservative Party politician

Chuck Mawhinney (born 1949), American who served in the United States Marine Corps as a sniper during the Vietnam War

Gordon Mawhinney (born 1943), former politician in Northern Ireland

Maxine Mawhinney (born 1957), Northern Irish newsreader on BBC News, the BBC's 24‑hour rolling news channel

Michael Ward (British politician)

Michael John Ward (7 April 1931 – 25 March 2009) was a British Labour Party politician.

Ward was educated at Royal Liberty Grammar School, Romford and Manchester University. He became a local government advisor and director of a public relations firm. He was elected to Romford Borough Council in 1958, joining the new Havering London Borough Council in 1964. He was a member of the Essex river authority from 1964 and local government officer at the Labour Party 1961-65.

Having contested the seat three times previously, Ward was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Peterborough in the October 1974 general election, defeating the Conservative Party's incumbent Sir Harmar Nicholls. He served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Reg Prentice, Secretary of State for Education and Science, and after Prentice left the government, Ward was PPS to Bill Rodgers, Minister of State in the Foreign Office. However, in 1979, Ward lost the marginal Peterborough seat to the Conservative Brian Mawhinney. Ward subsequently joined the Social Democratic Party but later rejoined Labour, working for the Greenwich constituency Labour Party. In 2005, his daughter Alison Seabeck was elected the Labour MP for Plymouth Devonport.

Ward also served as the chairman of Charlton Triangle Homes in South East London. He was also the chairman of the Greenwich Labour Party Local Government Committee from 1996 until 2000 and of the Rochester and Strood Labour Party from 2003 until 2007.

Minister of State for Transport

The Minister of State for Transport was a junior ministerial position in the Department for Transport of the Government of the United Kingdom. Since the 2015 General Election, the post has not lapsed and responsibilities are divided between four Parliamentary Under Secretaries of State for Transport.

Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler

Peter Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler, (born 2 February 1938) is a British politician who was a member of Margaret Thatcher's ministry. He became Lord Speaker in September 2016.

After serving as Shadow Minister of Transport, he was appointed Minister of Transport in 1979, being responsible for making seat belts compulsory. Later, as Secretary of State for Health and Social Services, he drew public attention to the dangers of AIDS. He resigned from the cabinet as Employment Secretary, and was knighted in 1990.

He was Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1992 to 1994, Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Transport and the Regions in 1997–98 and Shadow Home Secretary in 1998–99. In 2001, he was made a Conservative life peer. He renounced party allegiance upon becoming Lord Speaker.

North West Cambridgeshire (UK Parliament constituency)

North West Cambridgeshire is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Peterborough (UK Parliament constituency)

Peterborough is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Its current form is the direct, unbroken successor of a smaller constituency that was created in the mid-16th century as such used for the legislatures of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom (UK). Today's version of the seat elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election since 1885, before which its earlier form had two-member representation using the similar bloc vote system and both forms had a broadening but restricted franchise until 1918.

The serving Member is Fiona Onasanya, an Independent originally elected as a member of the Labour Party. Peterborough is one of two won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in 2017 from a total of seven covering its county. Onasanya's 2017 win was one of 30 net gains by the Labour Party. She was suspended by Labour on 19 December 2018 following her conviction in court for perverting the course of justice in relation to speeding fines.

Second Major ministry

John Major formed the second Major ministry following the 1992 general election after being invited by Queen Elizabeth II to begin a new government. His government fell into minority status on 13 December 1996.

Shadow Home Secretary

In British politics, the Shadow Home Secretary is the person within the shadow cabinet who 'shadows' the Home Secretary; this effectively means scrutinising government policy on home affairs including policing, national security, the criminal justice system, the prison service, and matters of citizenship. If the opposition party is elected to government, the Shadow Home Secretary often becomes the new Home Secretary though this is not always the case. The office has been held by Labour MP Diane Abbott since 6 October 2016.

Shailesh Vara

Shailesh Lakhman Vara (born 4 September 1960) is a British politician. He is a member of the Conservative Party and Member of Parliament (MP) for North West Cambridgeshire in the 2005 general election, succeeding Brian Mawhinney as the Conservative MP for the seat. Vara is a former Vice-Chairman of the Conservative Party.

In 2006, he was appointed to the shadow ministerial post of Shadow Deputy Leader of the House of Commons. He previously held Parliamentary Under Secretary of State roles at the Ministry of Justice and Department of Work and Pensions, before being appointed to the Northern Ireland Office (NIO) under Karen Bradley in January 2018. Vara resigned as an NIO minister in November 2018 over Brexit.

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