|Brazilian Marine Corps|
|Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais|
The seal of the Brazilian Marine Corps
|Part of||Brazilian Navy|
|General-Command HQ||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|Motto(s)||Adsumus (English: Here we are)|
|Colors||Red and white|
|Commander-in-Chief||President Jair Bolsonaro|
|Commander of the Navy||Admiral Eduardo Leal Ferreira|
|General-Commander of the Marine Corps||Admiral Fernando Antonio de Siqueira Ribeiro|
|Coat of arms|
Deployed nationwide, along the coast, in the riverine regions of Amazon and in the Pantanal, in peacetime it provides for the security of Naval installations and aids isolated populations through civic action programs in the Naval Districts. Abroad, it provides security for the Embassies of Brazil in Algeria, in Paraguay, in Haiti and in Bolivia. It has participated in all of the armed conflicts in the Military history of Brazil, foreign and domestic.
The badge consists of a fouled anchor superimposed over a pair of crossed rifles. It is worn on the collar points of the dress and service uniforms and on the Ribbon Bonnet (Gorro de Fita).
The Brazilian Marines trace their origin to 1808 when the troops of the Royal Brigade of the Navy (the Portuguese Marine Corps) arrived in Brazil (then a Portuguese colony) when Mary I of Portugal and her son Prince Regent John (later King John VI of Portugal) relocated themselves to the Portuguese South American territory during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe.
After Brazilian independence the force received many names and underwent various reorganisations. It was involved in several wars and campaigns: the War of the Independence of Brazil, conflicts in the River Plate basin, and the Paraguayan War. During the latter the Corps won distinction in both the Battle of Riachuelo and in the taking of Humaitá.
The CFN if has participated in the humanitarian actions promoted by UN in such diverse theatres of operation as Bosnia, Honduras, Mozambique, Rwanda, Angola, East Timor and currently in Haiti (MINUSTAH).
With about 15,000 men, all volunteers, professionals in combat on land, air and sea, its mission is to guarantee the projection of the naval power on land, by means of landings from Navy ships and helicopters. The Corps is an integral part of the Navy, encompassing about one third of its manpower. Ranks are naval instead of Army, with the exception of Privates, who are called Soldados (Soldiers).
In the case of Brazil this is a complex mission, since the country has a territory of about 8,5 million km² (3.28 million sq. miles), a coast of more than 7,400 km (4,600 mi) with many oceanic islands, and a navigable waterways network of approximately 50,000 km (31,000 mi). This last one includes the Brazilian Amazon. To cover climates and natural landscapes so diversified as Pampas of Rio Grande do Sul, pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul, deserts of the Northeast region and Amazon rainforest, demands a training of the highest standards, agility and versatility. Therefore, there are units trained in demolition techniques, special operations, combat in forests, mountain and ice, and helicopter-transported operations.
Trained as a Fast Deployment Unit, recently, with the sending of Brazilian military observers, also integrating the Peacekeeping Forces of the United Nations, the Marines have made their presence in distinctive areas of conflict as El Salvador, Bosnia, Angola, Moçambique, Ruanda, Peru, Ecuador, East Timor and currently Haiti.
On March 30, 2014 security forces in Rio de Janeiro occupied since the dawn of day, the set of Shantytown Tide in the North Zone of Rio. Region is being prepared to receive the Pacifying Police Unit (UPP), Brazilian Marine Corps also provide support with 21 armored vehicles and 500 men.
The Fleet Marine Force (Força de Fuzileiros da Esquadra (FFE), literally Squadron Riflemen Force) includes the expeditionary component of the corps and consists of the following units:
"Marine Groups" (Grupamentos de Fuzileiros Navais (GptFN) are subordinate to the Naval Districts (Distritos Navais), for the security of naval installations, as well as performing operations in support of the Naval District where they are assigned, while the 7th Marine Group is also tasked for public duties in the Brasilia area. They are located in the vicinity of the local Naval District headquarters. GptFNs are small-sized Marine battalions.
Musical support is rendered by the Central Band of the Marine Corps and the Marine Pipes, Drum and Bugle Corps in Rio de Janeiro (1st ND), the Brasilia Marine Corps Band (7th Naval District) and by the Marine Bands of each of the other Naval Districts.
The Central Band of the Brazilian Marine Corps is the concert band unit of the CFN. Also known by its other name, the Symphonic Band of the CFN, it is the premier band of the CFN and is the senior most concert band in the armed forces. Their performances are marked by a balanced mix of popular and classical, as well as instrumental and sung songs. It is composed of two officers (the Director of Music and Bandmaster) and 118 military musicians who are NCOs. The band was created in the 1970s and belongs to the Band Company of the Naval Battalion, located at São José Fortress on Cobras Island, Rio de Janeiro.
The Pipes, Drum and Bugle Corps is the official marching band of the CFN and one of the only field bands in service in the Brazilian Navy. Although it is based in Rio de Janeiro, it has taken part in all parades held in the federal capital of Brasilia, since 1960. It is notable for its use of the bagpipe, bugles, marching percussion, and the Turkish crescent in its ranks. The BMPDC has been deployed to many countries in its 100-year history, such as the United Kingdom to take part in the Coronation of Elizabeth II and France in 2005 for the Bastille Day military parade. It has also taken part in many domestic events such as the 2011 Military World Games and the 2016 Summer Olympics. The pipe portion of the BMPDC has been trained by pipe units and institutions in the United Kingdom such as the Army School of Bagpipe Music and Highland Drumming.
To fulfill its missions, the Marines land off the ships of the Brazilian Navy, be it using landing boats, amphibious vehicles or helicopters. For this, they count on the support of the navy and/or sea and air support.
On land, it operates its normal way, which includes tanks, field artillery, antiaircraft artillery, combat engineering, communications and electronic warfare.
New recruits to the Corps must pass a rigorous physical training program, normally with many runs, calisthenics, sleep deprivation, swimming while holding their breath, practice shooting with diverse armaments, especially metal rings, rappeling and, in some cases, combat simulations, and when they passed all these then they achieve primary qualification as soldiers of the Corps and thus capable to fulfill the missions and responsibilities assigned to the Corps.
The Brazilian Marines wear the variation of the Brazilian Lizard Pattern, known as navy lizard. Vest's: The marines for a long time used the IBA "Interceptor body armor" in woodland, but they are now being replaced by Eagle industries Maritime Ciras with Woodland Cover, and Black for SOF. For the Comandos Anfibios is also issued a green version and black version of the WTC Recon Plate Carrier. Boot: They use Atlas Atalaia combat boots, in coffee brown.
|SK-105 Kürassier||Austria||Light tank||SK 105A2S
|Planned more 22 vehicles for the future.|
|M113||United States||Armored personnel carrier||M113A1
|Mowag Piranha 8x8||Switzerland||Armoured personnel carrier/reconnaissance||Piranha IIIC||30|
|AAV-7A1||United States||Armoured personnel carrier/Assault Amphibious||AAV-7A1
|AV-VBL 4x4||Brazil||Light Armored Vehicle||03||Vehicle auxiliary support groups artillery rocket.|
|Astros II||Brazil||Multiple Launch Rocket System||AV-LMU
|Known as ASTROS FN to Marine Corps|
|M114||United States||Howitzer||M114A1||06||155mm. Study in progress for replacement by M777 howitzer.|
|L118 light gun||United Kingdom||Howitzer||L118||18||105mm.|
|M29 mortar||United States||Mortar||M29 A1||100||81mm|
|Bofors L70||Sweden||Autocannon AA||Bofors 40 mm||06||40mm. Using the radar Bandvagn 206|
|Mistral||France||MBDA missile systems||Surface-to-air missile||24 systems||Using the radar Bandvagn 206|
|RBS 70||Sweden||SAAB missile systems||Surface-to-air missile||12 systems||Using the radar Saber M-60|
|Saber Radar||Brazil||Saber M-60||Air defense radar||01|
|Bandvagn 206||Sweden||B206||Radar||01||Using the MBDA missile systems|
|Agrale Marruá||Light Utility Vehicle||450||Brazil|
|Land Rover Defender||Light Utility Vehicle||257||United Kingdom|
|Land Rover Wolf||Light Utility Vehicle||100||United Kingdom|
|Land Rover Discovery||Administrative Vehicle||60||United Kingdom|
|Toyota Bandeirante||Light Utility Vehicle||270||Brazil|
|Unimog4x4 and 6x6||Truck||248||Germany|
|MBB 1720 4x4||Truck||200||Brazil|
|MBB 1725/42 4x4||Truck||122||Brazil|
|MBB LAK1418 4x4||Truck||?||Brazil|
|M35 Reo 6x6||Medium Truck||56||United States|
|Harley-Davidson Road King Police||Escort Motorcycle||?||United States||used by Battalion of Naval Police|
|Austria||Glock 17||9×19mm (Used by SOF)||Pistol|
|Brazil||Taurus PT-92||9×19mm (Standard issue)||Pistol|
|Italy/ Brazil||Beretta M12||9×19mm (Standard isse) (Known as MT-12)||Submachine gun|
|Germany||MP5||9×19mm (Used by SOF)||Submachine gun|
|Israel||Mini-Uzi||9×19mm (Used by SOF)||Submachine gun|
|United States||M16A2||5.56×45mm||Assault rifle|
|United Kingdom||Parker Hale M85||.308 sniper rifle||sniper rifle|
|France||PGM Hécate II||12.7×99mm||sniper rifle|
|United States||M2 Browning machine gun||12.7×99mm||Heavy machine gun|
|Belgium/ Brazil||FN MAG M971||7.62×51mm||Medium machine gun|
|Belgium||FN Minimi||5.56×45mm||Light machine gun|
|United States||Mk19||40 mm||Grenade launcher|
|United States||M203 grenade launcher||40×46mm||Grenade launcher|
|Sweden||AT4||84mm (To be replaced by the national ALAC)||Anti-tank weapon|
|Brazil||ALAC (Arma Leve Anticarro)||84mm (Going into mass production in 2012. Replacing the AT4)||Anti-tank weapon|
|EE-9 Cascavel||Brazil||1979-2000||06||Armoured car|
|EE-11 Urutu||Brazil||1976-2000||05||Armored personnel carrier|
|DUKW||United States||1970-1987||34||Amphibious transport|
|Ford GPA||United States||1950-1985||?||Amphibious transport|
|FN FAL||Belgium/ Brazil||1970-2000||?||Battle rifle|
|Browning BAR||Belgium/ United States||1945-1970||?||Battle rifle|
|Madsen machine gun||Denmark/ Brazil||1946-1980||?||Light machine gun|
|INA Model 953||Brazil||1950-1990||?||Sub machine gun|
|Mekanika Uru||Brazil||1970-1990||?||Sub machine gun|
In November 2010, there was a major security crisis in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro and some of its neighboring cities. The city's criminal drug trafficking factions initiated a series of attacks in response to the government placing permanent police forces into Rio's slums.
In response to the attacks, the local police forces with the aid of the Brazilian Army and Marine Corps initiated a large scale offensive against two of the largest drug trafficking headquarters in the city, located in the Vila Cruzeiro and the neighboring Complexo do Alemão. The operation is considered a success by the government and local media and a large quantity of illegal drugs, weapons and money were confiscated.Agrale Marruá
The Marruá ("Wild Bull") is a family of four-by-four wheeled transport and utility vehicles, built by Agrale in Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Developed in the early 2000s to serve as a replacement for ageing jeeps and other vehicles in Brazilian service (Bandeirante and JPX), it has also been adopted by several other Latin American armies, and is used on peacekeeping missions with the United Nations in Haiti.Brazilian Armed Forces
The Brazilian Armed Forces (Portuguese: Forças Armadas Brasileiras, IPA: [ˈfoʁsɐz ɐʁˈmadɐz bɾaziˈlejɾɐs]) is the unified military organization comprising the Brazilian Army (including the Brazilian Army Aviation), the Brazilian Navy (including the Brazilian Marine Corps and Brazilian Naval Aviation) and the Brazilian Air Force.Brazil's armed forces are the third largest in the Americas, after the United States and Colombia, and the largest in Latin America by the level of military equipment, with 318,480 active-duty troops and officers. With no serious external or internal threats, the armed forces are searching for a new role. They are expanding their presence in the Amazon under the Northern Corridor (Calha Norte) program. In 1994 Brazilian troops joined United Nations (UN) peacekeeping forces in five countries. Brazilian soldiers have been in Haiti since 2004 leading the United Nations Stabilization Mission (MINUSTAH).The Brazilian military, especially the army, has become more involved in civic-action programs, education, health care, and constructing roads, bridges, and railroads across the nation. Although the 1988 constitution preserves the external and internal roles of the armed forces, it places the military under presidential authority. Thus, the new charter changed the manner in which the military could exercise its moderating power.Brazilian Marine Pipes, Drum and Bugle Corps
The Brazilian Marine Pipes, Drum and Bugle Corps (Banda Marcial dos Fuzilieiros Navais) is the only field music (corps of drums, drum and bugle corps and pipe band) formation in service in the Brazilian Marine Corps and within the wider Brazilian Navy, and one of a few active formations today in service in the Brazilian Armed Forces. Formed in 1822 on the basis of the field music formations of the present day Portuguese Marine Corps stationed in Brazil (when it was part of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves and then as part of the Royal Brigade of the Navy (Brigada Real da Marinha) stationed in the colony), it is also the oldest in South America.Brazilian heraldry
The Brazilian heraldry was established in 1822, when Brazil became independent as an Empire, under the reign of the House of Braganza. Being formerly a part of the Portuguese Empire and being reigned by the same Royal House that reigned in Portugal, Brazilian heraldry followed the tradition of the Portuguese heraldry.Brazilian martial arts
Brazilian martial arts may refer to:
Brazilian jiu-jitsu, a martial art, combat sport, and a self-defense system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting
Capoeira, an Angolan and Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance, acrobatics and music
Vale tudo (English: anything goes) are full-contact unarmed combat events, with a limited number of rules, that became popular in Brazil during the 20th century, later begin an influence to the development of MMA
Luta Livre, a self-defense martial-art mixture of Catch Wrestling and Judo, divided between Esportivo (Sports) and Vale Tudo (Anything goes) styles
Luta Livre, the name of Pro Wrestling in Brazil
Huka-huka, a form of indigenous folk wrestling practiced by the Yawalapiti people
Kombato, a self-defense Military Martial Art created for the Brazilian Armed Forces (Mainly used by the Brazilian Navy and Brazilian Marine Corps) and for bodyguards
Tarracá, a form of folk wrestling from the Brazilian northeastCFN
CFN may refer to:
Canadian Football Network
Carlton Food Network, UK TV channel
Center for Functional Nanomaterials
CFN/CNBC or Class CNBC, a business and financial news TV channel in Italy
College Football News
Brazilian Marine Corps (Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais)
Donegal Airport, Ireland, IATA codeCOMANF
The Marine Corps Special Operations Battalion, known as Tonelero Battalion located in the city of Rio de Janeiro is the military HQ of Comandos Anfíbios (COMANF) is a special force unit of the Brazilian Marine Corps. They are the Marines specifically prepared for the planning and execution of special operations.Carcara UAV
The Carcará is a Brazilian light weight UAV designed to be transported by a single soldier. The soldier's height allows takeoff and landing in restricted areas where other aircraft are unable to operate. It is designed to be used in any theater even if it is without roads or paths, or surrounded by obstacles.
It is designed to be used by Brazilian Marine Corps infantry in real-time reconnaissance.Ewandro Stenzowski
Ewandro Stenzowski (born September 27, 1984 in Curitiba) is an operatic tenor and veteran of the Brazilian Marine Corps. He appeared in concerts and leading tenor roles in South America and Europe.Fuerzas Especiales
The Fuerzas Especiales (Special Forces), also known as FES (the initials of their motto), is a special forces unit of the Mexican Navy officially established in late 2001. Its motto is "Fuerza, Espíritu, Sabiduría" (Strength, Spirit, Wisdom).
Its origin lies in the Marine Airborne Battalion of the early 1990s.
The unit's mission is to carry out amphibious special operations in order to protect the nation's maritime interests. The group has 460 members divided in two groups of 230 members for each Naval Force (Pacific and Gulf). The special forces course lasts 53 weeks. These forces are capable of carrying out non-conventional warfare in the air, sea and land, by utilizing all means of infiltration available to develop the most variable operational incursions with the use of military diving techniques, parachuting, vertical descent, urban combat, sniping and use of explosives. They are units organized, trained and equipped to operate independently in maritime, lake, riverine or terrestrial scenarios. They are the equivalent of the United States Navy SEALs or the Special Boat Service of the Royal Navy. The existence of an alleged Tier 1 type unit composed by the best operators of the force has been cited in social media and news media outlets.Marinejegerkommandoen
Marinejegerkommandoen (MJK) is the maritime/naval special warfare unit of the Norwegian Special Operations Command and was established in 1953.The MJK is under the command of the Norwegian Special Operations Command (NORSOCOM) together with the Forsvarets Spesialkommando (FSK), with the MJK being the older of the two units. The unit is headquartered on the Ramsund naval base in northern Norway, with other MJK operators stationed on the Haakonsvern naval base in southwestern Norway.
MJK is employed in the full spectrum of "frogman" operations, including swampland warfare, arctic warfare, special reconnaissance, recovery or protection of ships and oil installations, various counter-terrorism missions, hostage rescue and direct action.To become a fully qualified MJK operator takes a minimum of two years and is further augmented by specialized courses during the following contract period, such as combat medic training, sniper training and forward air control (FAC) training.As with any modern special operations forces, the training to become an MJK operator is long and arduous, both physically and mentally taxing. For example, during the selection phase (one of the final phases of MJK operator training), each of the candidates (which at this point of training consists of about 5-8 men out of an original 100-200) must carry a 60 kg (130 lb) rucksack while being hunted by an "enemy force" consisting of Home Guard soldiers, military and law enforcement K-9 units and police officers. At some point during the test, the candidates are captured and must endure 36 hours of tactical questioning.Foreign maritime/naval special operations forces comparable to the MJK in terms of training, missions, and tactics would be the United States Navy SEALs, Philippine Naval Special Operations Group, South Korea's Navy Special Warfare Flotilla, the Brazilian Marine Corps' Batalhão de Operações Especiais de Fuzileiros Navais, and the Danish Frogman Corps (the Frømandskorpset), among others.Maré, Rio de Janeiro
Maré is a neighborhood and favela (low-income informal neighborhood) in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is a grouping of several favelas, suburbs with houses, and housing complexes. With approximately 130,000 residents (2006 estimate), it is one of the largest slum complexes in Rio de Janeiro, a consequence of the low indicators of social development that characterize the region.
In 2014 it was featured in a BBC Documentary series Welcome to Rio which highlighted issues with gangs and its pacification.Mistral (missile)
Mistral is an infrared homing MANPADS manufactured by the European multinational company MBDA missile systems (formerly by Matra BAe Dynamics). Based on the French SATCP (Sol-Air À Très Courte Portée), the portable missile later to become the Mistral began development in 1974. It was initially deployed in 1988 for the first version (S1) and 1997 for the second version (M2).Namibian Special Forces
The Namibian Special Forces is a special operations command of the Namibian Defence Force responsible for special forces and special operations capable units. The command consists of Army commandos, Army Airborne paratroopers and the Marine Corps amphibious special operations unit. The Army commandos specialise in airborne and land borne insertion while the Marine Corps amphibious special operations unit specialise in small-unit maritime operations that originate from a river, ocean, swamp and delta. The army units receive training assistance from former South African Special Forces (Recces) and the marine corps from the Brazilian Marine Corps. The units regularly participate in Southern African Development Community (SADC) special forces exercises.Pedro Max Fernando Frontin
Pedro Max Fernando Frontin (8 February 1867 — 7 April 1939) was an Admiral from the Brazilian Navy. He fought alongside the Triple Entente during World War I.
Still occupied the post of Naval Chief Officer, Minister of Military Justice, Director of the Brazilian Naval School for Officials, Commander of the Brazilian Marine Corps, Commander of the Second Naval Division.Portuguese conquest of French Guiana
The Portuguese conquest of French Guiana was an 1809 military operation against Cayenne, capital of the South American colony of French Guiana, in the scope of the Napoleonic Wars. The operation was performed by a combined expeditionary force that included Portuguese (from Portugal and from Colonial Brazil) and British military contingents.
The operation was part of a series of attacks on French held territory in the Americas during 1809 and due to commitments elsewhere, the British Royal Navy was unable to send substantial forces to attack the fortified river port. Instead, appeals were made to the Portuguese government, which had been driven out of Portugal the year before during the Peninsula War and was resident in Brazil. In exchange for providing troops and transports for the operation, the Portuguese were promised Guiana as an expansion of their holdings in Brazil for the duration of the conflict.
The British contribution was small, consisting solely of the minor warship HMS Confiance. Confiance however had a highly effective crew and an experienced captain in James Lucas Yeo, who was to command the entire expedition. The more substantial Portuguese contingent consisted of 700 regular soldiers of the colonial Army of Brazil - led by Lieutenant Colonel Manuel Marques de Elva Portugal -, 550 marines of the Royal Brigade of the Navy detached in Brazil and several warships to act as transports and provide offshore artillery support. The French defenders were weakened by years of Royal Navy blockade and could only muster 400 regular infantry and 800 unreliable militia, formed in part from the territory's free black population. As a result, resistance was inconsistent and despite Cayenne's strong fortifications, the territory fell within a week.
It is considered to be the baptism of fire of the Brazilian Marine Corps, as there was a participation of the Royal Brigade of the Navy that would give origin to it.Scarlet (color)
Scarlet is a brilliant red color with a tinge of orange. In the spectrum of visible light, and on the traditional color wheel, it is one-quarter of the way between red and orange, slightly less orange than vermilion.According to surveys in Europe and the United States, scarlet and other bright shades of red are the colors most associated with courage, force, passion, heat, and joy. In the Roman Catholic Church, scarlet is the color worn by a cardinal, and is associated with the blood of Christ and the Christian martyrs, and with sacrifice.
Scarlet is also often associated with immorality and sin, particularly prostitution or adultery, largely because of a passage referring to "The Great Harlot", "dressed in purple and scarlet", in the Bible (Revelation 17:1–6).