Brazilian Marine Corps

The Brazilian Marine Corps (CFN; Portuguese: Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais,[1] lit. "Corps of naval riflemen") is the land combat branch of the Brazilian Navy.

Brazilian Marine Corps
Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais
Seal of the Brazilian Marines
The seal of the Brazilian Marine Corps
Founded1808
Country Brazil
TypeNaval infantry
Size18,000
Part of Brazilian Navy
General-Command HQRio de Janeiro, Brazil
Nickname(s)CFN
Motto(s)Adsumus (English: Here we are)
ColorsRed and white         
AnniversariesMarch 7
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief President Jair Bolsonaro
Commander of the NavyAdmiral Eduardo Leal Ferreira
General-Commander of the Marine CorpsAdmiral Fernando Antonio de Siqueira Ribeiro
Insignia
Flag
Flag of the Brazilian Marine Corps
Coat of arms
Coat of arms of the Brazilian Marine Corps
Emblem
Emblem of the Brazilian Marine Corps

Mission

Deployed nationwide, along the coast, in the riverine regions of Amazon and in the Pantanal, in peacetime it provides for the security of Naval installations and aids isolated populations through civic action programs in the Naval Districts. Abroad, it provides security for the Embassies of Brazil in Algeria, in Paraguay, in Haiti and in Bolivia. It has participated in all of the armed conflicts in the Military history of Brazil, foreign and domestic.

The badge consists of a fouled anchor superimposed over a pair of crossed rifles. It is worn on the collar points of the dress and service uniforms and on the Ribbon Bonnet (Gorro de Fita).

History

The Royal Brigade of the Navy

The Brazilian Marines trace their origin to 1808 when the troops of the Royal Brigade of the Navy (the Portuguese Marine Corps) arrived in Brazil (then a Portuguese colony) when Mary I of Portugal and her son Prince Regent John (later King John VI of Portugal) relocated themselves to the Portuguese South American territory during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe.

The baptism of fire: the conquest of Cayenne

In retaliation for the invasion of Portugal, Prince Regent, Dom João ordered the invasion of French Guiana, whose capital, Cayenne, was captured on January 14, 1809.

Historical campaigns

Palácio Pedro Ernesto - Batalha do Riachuelo - cópia
Brazilian Marines in the Battle of Riachuelo.

After Brazilian independence the force received many names and underwent various reorganisations. It was involved in several wars and campaigns: the War of the Independence of Brazil, conflicts in the River Plate basin, and the Paraguayan War. During the latter the Corps won distinction in both the Battle of Riachuelo and in the taking of Humaitá.

United Nations service

The CFN if has participated in the humanitarian actions promoted by UN in such diverse theatres of operation as Bosnia, Honduras, Mozambique, Rwanda, Angola, East Timor and currently in Haiti (MINUSTAH).

The Corps today

Brazilian MOWAG Piranhas
MOWAG Piranha is the main armored personal carrier in service with the CFN.

Staff and mission

With about 15,000 men, all volunteers, professionals in combat on land, air and sea, its mission is to guarantee the projection of the naval power on land, by means of landings from Navy ships and helicopters. The Corps is an integral part of the Navy, encompassing about one third of its manpower. Ranks are naval instead of Army, with the exception of Privates, who are called Soldados (Soldiers).

In the case of Brazil this is a complex mission, since the country has a territory of about 8,5 million km² (3.28 million sq. miles), a coast of more than 7,400 km (4,600 mi) with many oceanic islands, and a navigable waterways network of approximately 50,000 km (31,000 mi). This last one includes the Brazilian Amazon. To cover climates and natural landscapes so diversified as Pampas of Rio Grande do Sul, pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul, deserts of the Northeast region and Amazon rainforest, demands a training of the highest standards, agility and versatility. Therefore, there are units trained in demolition techniques, special operations, combat in forests, mountain and ice, and helicopter-transported operations.

Trained as a Fast Deployment Unit, recently, with the sending of Brazilian military observers, also integrating the Peacekeeping Forces of the United Nations, the Marines have made their presence in distinctive areas of conflict as El Salvador, Bosnia, Angola, Moçambique, Ruanda, Peru, Ecuador, East Timor and currently Haiti.

On March 30, 2014 security forces in Rio de Janeiro occupied since the dawn of day, the set of Shantytown Tide in the North Zone of Rio. Region is being prepared to receive the Pacifying Police Unit (UPP), Brazilian Marine Corps also provide support with 21 armored vehicles and 500 men.

Organization

The Corps headquarters is located in Fortaleza de São José, Ilha das Cobras, Rio de Janeiro.

Brazil Naval Fusiliers Corps
Structure Naval Fusiliers Corps

Fleet Marine Force

The Fleet Marine Force (Força de Fuzileiros da Esquadra (FFE), literally Squadron Riflemen Force) includes the expeditionary component of the corps and consists of the following units:

  • 1st Amphibious Division (Divisão Anfíbia (DivAnf)) of brigade size with three marine infantry battalions (Batalhão de Fuzileiros Navais (BFN) as its main fighting force, along with the following:
    • Command and Control Battalion (Batalhão de Comando e Controle),
    • 1st "Riachuelo" Marine Infantry Battalion (BFN)
    • 2nd "Humaitá" Marine Infantry Battalion (BFN)
    • 3rd "Paissandu" Marine Infantry Battalion (BFN)
    • Marine Artillery Battalion (Batalhão de Artilharia de Fuzileiros Navais)
    • Marine Armoured Vehicle Battalion (Batalhão de Blindados)
    • Marine Tactical Air Control and Air Defence Battalion (Batalhão de Controle Aerotático e Defesa Antiaérea)
    • Governor's Island Marine Base (Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha do Governador),
  • Reinforcement Troop (Tropa de Reforço (TrRef)) located in Ilha das Flores in São Gonçalo (RJ), composed of the following:
    • Marine Engineer Battalion (Batalhão de Engenharia de Fuzileiros Navais),
    • Marine Logistic Battalion (Batalhão Logístico de Fuzileiros Navais),
    • Amphibious Vehicles Battalion (Batalhão de Viaturas Anfíbias),
    • Police Company (Companhia de Polícia)
    • Landing Support Company (Apoio ao Desembarque)
    • Isle of Flowers Marine Base (Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha das Flores),
GLAM MB OPERAÇÃO DRAGÃO 2017 (25264300737)
Amphibian operations with CLAnfs.
    • Landing Troop Command (Comando da Tropa de Desembarque (ComTrDbq)), located at Duque de Caxias (RJ) - provides the means to command, control and administer the Command of the Fleet Marine Force and to also local units
  • Marine Special Operations Battalion "Tonelero" (Batalhão de Operações Especiais de Fuzileiros Navais (Batalhão Tonelero)) A unit similar to US Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance, formed in 1957 and structured for high risk operations. Its mission is to destroy or damage prominent objectives in heavily defended areas, capture or rescue personnels or equipment, seize installations, obtain information, mislead and produce psychological effects.
  • Rio Meriti Marine Base (Base de Fuzileiros Navais do Rio Meriti (BFNRM)), located in Duque de Caxias (RJ)
  • ships detachments

Regional

"Marine Groups" (Grupamentos de Fuzileiros Navais (GptFN) are subordinate to the Naval Districts (Distritos Navais), for the security of naval installations, as well as performing operations in support of the Naval District where they are assigned, while the 7th Marine Group is also tasked for public duties in the Brasilia area. They are located in the vicinity of the local Naval District headquarters. GptFNs are small-sized Marine battalions.

Desembarque Ânfibio (27024341776)
Amphibious operation in river.

Music

CFN (7952319334)
Musicians of the Marine Pipes, Drum and Bugle Corps

Musical support is rendered by the Central Band of the Marine Corps and the Marine Pipes, Drum and Bugle Corps in Rio de Janeiro (1st ND), the Brasilia Marine Corps Band (7th Naval District) and by the Marine Bands of each of the other Naval Districts.

Central Band of the Marine Corps

The Central Band of the Brazilian Marine Corps is the concert band unit of the CFN. Also known by its other name, the Symphonic Band of the CFN, it is the premier band of the CFN and is the senior most concert band in the armed forces. Their performances are marked by a balanced mix of popular and classical, as well as instrumental and sung songs. It is composed of two officers (the Director of Music and Bandmaster) and 118 military musicians who are NCOs. The band was created in the 1970s and belongs to the Band Company of the Naval Battalion, located at São José Fortress on Cobras Island, Rio de Janeiro.[3]

Pipes, Drum and Bugle Corps

The Pipes, Drum and Bugle Corps is the official marching band of the CFN and one of the only field bands in service in the Brazilian Navy. Although it is based in Rio de Janeiro, it has taken part in all parades held in the federal capital of Brasilia, since 1960. It is notable for its use of the bagpipe, bugles, marching percussion, and the Turkish crescent in its ranks. The BMPDC has been deployed to many countries in its 100-year history, such as the United Kingdom to take part in the Coronation of Elizabeth II and France in 2005 for the Bastille Day military parade. It has also taken part in many domestic events such as the 2011 Military World Games and the 2016 Summer Olympics. The pipe portion of the BMPDC has been trained by pipe units and institutions in the United Kingdom such as the Army School of Bagpipe Music and Highland Drumming.

Methods

Fotos diversas (24145759083)
Brazilian Marines Corps SOF

To fulfill its missions, the Marines land off the ships of the Brazilian Navy, be it using landing boats, amphibious vehicles or helicopters. For this, they count on the support of the navy and/or sea and air support.

On land, it operates its normal way, which includes tanks, field artillery, antiaircraft artillery, combat engineering, communications and electronic warfare.

Training

New recruits to the Corps must pass a rigorous physical training program, normally with many runs, calisthenics, sleep deprivation, swimming while holding their breath, practice shooting with diverse armaments, especially metal rings, rappeling and, in some cases, combat simulations, and when they passed all these then they achieve primary qualification as soldiers of the Corps and thus capable to fulfill the missions and responsibilities assigned to the Corps.

Uniforms

The Brazilian Marines wear the variation of the Brazilian Lizard Pattern, known as navy lizard. Vest's: The marines for a long time used the IBA "Interceptor body armor" in woodland, but they are now being replaced by Eagle industries Maritime Ciras with Woodland Cover, and Black for SOF. For the Comandos Anfibios is also issued a green version and black version of the WTC Recon Plate Carrier. Boot: They use Atlas Atalaia combat boots, in coffee brown.

Gallery

Sailors of Minas Geraes

Pardo and preto Brazilian marines pose for a photographer on board the Brazilian battleship Minas Geraes, likely taken during the ship's visit to the United States in early 1913.

6º Curso Básico de Assistência e Proteção em Resposta a Emergências Químicas (16913706976)

Brazilian marines protection in response to chemical emergencies

Forma-2g

Brazilian Marines in the red gala uniform titled "Garança"

Partnership of the Americas 2009 DVIDS188173

Brazilian marines demonstrate lane training

Operação Amazônia 2014 (15398438547)

Marines corps in riverine operations.

Operação Formosa 2014 (15048392983)

Brazilian AAV amphibious vehicle in action

Operação Felino- Anfíbios desembarcam no litoral do Espírito Santo (9897527086)

Landing ship dock amphibious vehicles.

Operação Formosa 2014 (15482958420)

Rocket artillery in Brazilian Marines Corps

Operação Ágata 8 (14230336332)

Marines on patrol boat for river

USMC-090727-M-3392W-003

Brazilian naval infantry

USMC-090727-M-3392W-011

Brazilian Marines in landing exercise

US Navy 100511-N-4205W-194 Members of the Brazilian Marine Corps Special Operations Battalion clear a house using tactics exchanged with U.S. Navy SEALs

Members of the Brazilian Marine Corps Special Operations Battalion

Tropas em Rosário do Sul - RS (9919099356)

Members of the Brazilian Marine Corps

Naval Special Warfare troops train with elite Brazilian Unit during Joint training DVIDS280911

Two members of the command amphibious operations

Operação Formosa 2016 (30388031181)

SOF Brazilian Marines

Marinha no Rio

Marines in operation of law and order in Rio de Janeiro

Fuzileiros Navais (25023390256)

SK-105 Kürassier.

Main Equipment

Tank

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service Notes Photo
SK-105 Kürassier  Austria Light tank SK 105A2S
4KH7FA
16
01
Planned more 22 vehicles for the future. DSC 0522 (31743702473)

Infantry fighting vehicles

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service Notes Photo
M113  United States Armored personnel carrier M113A1
M125A1
M577A1
XM806E1
M113A1G
24
02
02
01
01
Apoio logístico da Marinha do Brasil às polícias do Rio de Janeiro em operação de ocupação do Complexo da Maré, no Rio. (13536059193)
Mowag Piranha 8x8   Switzerland Armoured personnel carrier/reconnaissance Piranha IIIC 30 DSC 0516 (32402891402)
AAV-7A1  United States Armoured personnel carrier/Assault Amphibious AAV-7A1
LVTP-7A1
LVTC-7A1
LVTR-7A1
21
22
03
03
Operação formosa 2017 (36964335503)
AV-VBL 4x4  Brazil Light Armored Vehicle 03 Vehicle auxiliary support groups artillery rocket. Avibrás AV-VBL (7952393144)

Artillery

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service< Notes Photo
Astros II  Brazil Multiple Launch Rocket System AV-LMU
AV-RMD
AV-PCC
AV-MET
AV-OFVE
6
3
1
1
1
Known as ASTROS FN to Marine Corps Operação Formosa 2014 (15481886779)
M114  United States Howitzer M114A1 06 155mm. Study in progress for replacement by M777 howitzer. USArmy M114 howitzer
L118 light gun  United Kingdom Howitzer L118 18 105mm. Australian gunners Afghanistan March 2009
Soltam K6  Israel Mortar K-6A3 06 120mm Soldiers firing a M120 120mm mortar (Iraq)
M29 mortar  United States Mortar M29 A1 100 81mm Mortar M29
Brandt  France Mortar Brandt ? 60mm
Bofors L70  Sweden Autocannon AA Bofors 40 mm 06 40mm. Using the radar Bandvagn 206 Operação Formosa 2014 (15482565777)

Anti-aircraft missiles

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service Notes Photo
Mistral  France MBDA missile systems Surface-to-air missile 24 systems Using the radar Bandvagn 206 AEd-Mistral1 (26560144610)
RBS 70  Sweden SAAB missile systems Surface-to-air missile 12 systems Using the radar Saber M-60 RBS70

Radar

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service Notes Photo
Saber Radar  Brazil Saber M-60 Air defense radar 01 Operação Formosa 2014 (15482370228)
Bandvagn 206  Sweden B206 Radar 01 Using the MBDA missile systems Bv-206S del Ejército Español

Unmanned aerial vehicle

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service Notes Photo
Carcara UAV  Brazil UAV 40 FotosCarcara
Carcara II  Brazil UAV 02
Horus FT-100  Brazil UAV 05 Operação Formosa 2018 (43389038760)

Vehicles

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Photo
Agrale Marruá Light Utility Vehicle 450  Brazil CFN (6124934785)
Land Rover Defender Light Utility Vehicle 257  United Kingdom CFN (6109791469)
Land Rover Wolf Light Utility Vehicle 100  United Kingdom Forças armadas já estão operando nas ruas e avenidas do Rio - 36063444332
Land Rover Discovery Administrative Vehicle 60  United Kingdom
Toyota Bandeirante Light Utility Vehicle 270  Brazil Black Toyota Land Cruiser (40 series)
Unimog4x4 and 6x6 Truck 248  Germany Mercedes Benz Unimog Turkey exhibition side
MBB 1720 4x4 Truck 200  Brazil Forças Armadas iniciam operação especial para os Jogos (28239162660)
MBB 1725/42 4x4 Truck 122  Brazil Uroczystość przekazania WP pierwszej partii niemieckich czołgów Leopard 2 A6
MBB LAK1418 4x4 Truck ?  Brazil
M35 Reo 6x6 Medium Truck 56  United States Bombardier MLVW towing howitzer
Volvo NL Truck ?  Brazil

Motorcycle

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Photo
Harley-Davidson Road King Police Escort Motorcycle ?  United States used by Battalion of Naval Police Polícia da Aeronáutica (4968439321)

Individual weapons and equipment

Pistols

Origin Model Caliber Type Image
 Austria Glock 17 9×19mm (Used by SOF) Pistol Glock 17 MOD 45154998
 Brazil Taurus PT-92 9×19mm (Standard issue) Pistol A o Simples

Submachine guns

Origin Model Caliber Type Image
 Italy/ Brazil Beretta M12 9×19mm (Standard isse) (Known as MT-12) Submachine gun Beretta mod12s scheda
 Germany MP5 9×19mm (Used by SOF) Submachine gun MP5
 Israel Mini-Uzi 9×19mm (Used by SOF) Submachine gun Minuzi200

Rifles

Origin Model Caliber Type Image
 United States M16A2 5.56×45mm Assault rifle M16A2 Rifle with M203 Grenade Launcher (7414627064)
 United States M4 5.56×45mm Carbine PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO
 United Kingdom Parker Hale M85 .308 sniper rifle sniper rifle Parker Hale M85 prickskyttegevär - Armémuseum
 France PGM Hécate II 12.7×99mm sniper rifle PGM-Hecate-seul-img 1008

Machine guns

Origin Model Caliber Type Image
 United States M2 Browning machine gun 12.7×99mm Heavy machine gun M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée
 Belgium/ Brazil FN MAG M971 7.62×51mm Medium machine gun Kulspruta 58 001
 Belgium FN Minimi 5.56×45mm Light machine gun FN MINIMI Standard Right

Grenade launchers

Origin Model Caliber Type Image
 United States Mk19 40 mm Grenade launcher MK19-02
 United States M203 grenade launcher 40×46mm Grenade launcher PEO M203A2 Grenade Launcher

Anti-armor

Origin Model Caliber Type Image
 Sweden AT4 84mm (To be replaced by the national ALAC) Anti-tank weapon AT-4Launcher.jpeg
 Brazil ALAC (Arma Leve Anticarro) 84mm (Going into mass production in 2012. Replacing the AT4) Anti-tank weapon ALAC2
 Sweden BILL 130mm Anti-tank missile
 Brazil MSS-1.2 130mm Anti-tank missile

Historical equipment

Equipment Origin Employee year QTD Notes Picture
EE-9 Cascavel  Brazil 1979-2000 06 Armoured car
EE-9 Cascavel
EE-11 Urutu  Brazil 1976-2000 05 Armored personnel carrier
EE-11 Urutu
EE-34  Brazil 1970-1996 50 Pickup
Engesa EE34 pickup
EE-14  Brazil 1970-1999 ? Truck
DUKW  United States 1970-1987 34 Amphibious transport
DUKW.image2.army
Ford GPA  United States 1950-1985 ? Amphibious transport
Ford GPA-001
Mosquefal  Brazil 1968-2000 ? Rifle
FN FAL  Belgium/ Brazil 1970-2000 ? Battle rifle
FN-FAL belgian.jpeg
Browning BAR  Belgium/ United States 1945-1970 ? Battle rifle
Army Heritage Museum B.A.R.
Madsen machine gun  Denmark/ Brazil 1946-1980 ? Light machine gun
Madsen machine gun with magazine
INA Model 953  Brazil 1950-1990 ? Sub machine gun
Mekanika Uru  Brazil 1970-1990 ? Sub machine gun

See also

References

  1. ^ Trevor Nevitt Dupuy (1993). International military and defense encyclopedia, Volume 1. Brassey's (US). p. 137.
  2. ^ CCSM (2018-01-25). "Futuras instalações do Grupamento de Fuzileiros Navais de São Paulo são apresentadas ao Comando Geral". Marinha do Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  3. ^ https://www.marinha.mil.br/cgcfn/?q=sinfonica_cfn_minasgerais

External links

2010 Rio de Janeiro security crisis

In November 2010, there was a major security crisis in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro and some of its neighboring cities. The city's criminal drug trafficking factions initiated a series of attacks in response to the government placing permanent police forces into Rio's slums.

In response to the attacks, the local police forces with the aid of the Brazilian Army and Marine Corps initiated a large scale offensive against two of the largest drug trafficking headquarters in the city, located in the Vila Cruzeiro and the neighboring Complexo do Alemão. The operation is considered a success by the government and local media and a large quantity of illegal drugs, weapons and money were confiscated.

Agrale Marruá

The Marruá ("Wild Bull") is a family of four-by-four wheeled transport and utility vehicles, built by Agrale in Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Developed in the early 2000s to serve as a replacement for ageing jeeps and other vehicles in Brazilian service (Bandeirante and JPX), it has also been adopted by several other Latin American armies, and is used on peacekeeping missions with the United Nations in Haiti.

Brazilian Armed Forces

The Brazilian Armed Forces (Portuguese: Forças Armadas Brasileiras, IPA: [ˈfoʁsɐz ɐʁˈmadɐz bɾaziˈlejɾɐs]) is the unified military organization comprising the Brazilian Army (including the Brazilian Army Aviation), the Brazilian Navy (including the Brazilian Marine Corps and Brazilian Naval Aviation) and the Brazilian Air Force.Brazil's armed forces are the third largest in the Americas, after the United States and Colombia, and the largest in Latin America by the level of military equipment, with 318,480 active-duty troops and officers. With no serious external or internal threats, the armed forces are searching for a new role. They are expanding their presence in the Amazon under the Northern Corridor (Calha Norte) program. In 1994 Brazilian troops joined United Nations (UN) peacekeeping forces in five countries. Brazilian soldiers have been in Haiti since 2004 leading the United Nations Stabilization Mission (MINUSTAH).The Brazilian military, especially the army, has become more involved in civic-action programs, education, health care, and constructing roads, bridges, and railroads across the nation. Although the 1988 constitution preserves the external and internal roles of the armed forces, it places the military under presidential authority. Thus, the new charter changed the manner in which the military could exercise its moderating power.

Brazilian Marine Pipes, Drum and Bugle Corps

The Brazilian Marine Pipes, Drum and Bugle Corps (Banda Marcial dos Fuzilieiros Navais) is the only field music (corps of drums, drum and bugle corps and pipe band) formation in service in the Brazilian Marine Corps and within the wider Brazilian Navy, and one of a few active formations today in service in the Brazilian Armed Forces. Formed in 1822 on the basis of the field music formations of the present day Portuguese Marine Corps stationed in Brazil (when it was part of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves and then as part of the Royal Brigade of the Navy (Brigada Real da Marinha) stationed in the colony), it is also the oldest in South America.

Brazilian heraldry

The Brazilian heraldry was established in 1822, when Brazil became independent as an Empire, under the reign of the House of Braganza. Being formerly a part of the Portuguese Empire and being reigned by the same Royal House that reigned in Portugal, Brazilian heraldry followed the tradition of the Portuguese heraldry.

Brazilian martial arts

Brazilian martial arts may refer to:

Brazilian jiu-jitsu, a martial art, combat sport, and a self-defense system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting

Capoeira, an Angolan and Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance, acrobatics and music

Vale tudo (English: anything goes) are full-contact unarmed combat events, with a limited number of rules, that became popular in Brazil during the 20th century, later begin an influence to the development of MMA

Luta Livre, a self-defense martial-art mixture of Catch Wrestling and Judo, divided between Esportivo (Sports) and Vale Tudo (Anything goes) styles

Luta Livre, the name of Pro Wrestling in Brazil

Huka-huka, a form of indigenous folk wrestling practiced by the Yawalapiti people

Kombato, a self-defense Military Martial Art created for the Brazilian Armed Forces (Mainly used by the Brazilian Navy and Brazilian Marine Corps) and for bodyguards

Tarracá, a form of folk wrestling from the Brazilian northeast

CFN

CFN may refer to:

Canadian Football Network

Carlton Food Network, UK TV channel

Center for Functional Nanomaterials

CFN/CNBC or Class CNBC, a business and financial news TV channel in Italy

College Football News

Brazilian Marine Corps (Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais)

Donegal Airport, Ireland, IATA code

COMANF

The Marine Corps Special Operations Battalion, known as Tonelero Battalion located in the city of Rio de Janeiro is the military HQ of Comandos Anfíbios (COMANF) is a special force unit of the Brazilian Marine Corps. They are the Marines specifically prepared for the planning and execution of special operations.

Carcara UAV

The Carcará is a Brazilian light weight UAV designed to be transported by a single soldier. The soldier's height allows takeoff and landing in restricted areas where other aircraft are unable to operate. It is designed to be used in any theater even if it is without roads or paths, or surrounded by obstacles.

It is designed to be used by Brazilian Marine Corps infantry in real-time reconnaissance.

Ewandro Stenzowski

Ewandro Stenzowski (born September 27, 1984 in Curitiba) is an operatic tenor and veteran of the Brazilian Marine Corps. He appeared in concerts and leading tenor roles in South America and Europe.

Fuerzas Especiales

The Fuerzas Especiales (Special Forces), also known as FES (the initials of their motto), is a special forces unit of the Mexican Navy officially established in late 2001. Its motto is "Fuerza, Espíritu, Sabiduría" (Strength, Spirit, Wisdom).

Its origin lies in the Marine Airborne Battalion of the early 1990s.

The unit's mission is to carry out amphibious special operations in order to protect the nation's maritime interests. The group has 460 members divided in two groups of 230 members for each Naval Force (Pacific and Gulf). The special forces course lasts 53 weeks. These forces are capable of carrying out non-conventional warfare in the air, sea and land, by utilizing all means of infiltration available to develop the most variable operational incursions with the use of military diving techniques, parachuting, vertical descent, urban combat, sniping and use of explosives. They are units organized, trained and equipped to operate independently in maritime, lake, riverine or terrestrial scenarios. They are the equivalent of the United States Navy SEALs or the Special Boat Service of the Royal Navy. The existence of an alleged Tier 1 type unit composed by the best operators of the force has been cited in social media and news media outlets.

Marinejegerkommandoen

Marinejegerkommandoen (MJK) is the maritime/naval special warfare unit of the Norwegian Special Operations Command and was established in 1953.The MJK is under the command of the Norwegian Special Operations Command (NORSOCOM) together with the Forsvarets Spesialkommando (FSK), with the MJK being the older of the two units. The unit is headquartered on the Ramsund naval base in northern Norway, with other MJK operators stationed on the Haakonsvern naval base in southwestern Norway.

MJK is employed in the full spectrum of "frogman" operations, including swampland warfare, arctic warfare, special reconnaissance, recovery or protection of ships and oil installations, various counter-terrorism missions, hostage rescue and direct action.To become a fully qualified MJK operator takes a minimum of two years and is further augmented by specialized courses during the following contract period, such as combat medic training, sniper training and forward air control (FAC) training.As with any modern special operations forces, the training to become an MJK operator is long and arduous, both physically and mentally taxing. For example, during the selection phase (one of the final phases of MJK operator training), each of the candidates (which at this point of training consists of about 5-8 men out of an original 100-200) must carry a 60 kg (130 lb) rucksack while being hunted by an "enemy force" consisting of Home Guard soldiers, military and law enforcement K-9 units and police officers. At some point during the test, the candidates are captured and must endure 36 hours of tactical questioning.Foreign maritime/naval special operations forces comparable to the MJK in terms of training, missions, and tactics would be the United States Navy SEALs, Philippine Naval Special Operations Group, South Korea's Navy Special Warfare Flotilla, the Brazilian Marine Corps' Batalhão de Operações Especiais de Fuzileiros Navais, and the Danish Frogman Corps (the Frømandskorpset), among others.

Maré, Rio de Janeiro

Maré is a neighborhood and favela (low-income informal neighborhood) in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is a grouping of several favelas, suburbs with houses, and housing complexes. With approximately 130,000 residents (2006 estimate), it is one of the largest slum complexes in Rio de Janeiro, a consequence of the low indicators of social development that characterize the region.

In 2014 it was featured in a BBC Documentary series Welcome to Rio which highlighted issues with gangs and its pacification.

Mistral (missile)

Mistral is an infrared homing MANPADS manufactured by the European multinational company MBDA missile systems (formerly by Matra BAe Dynamics). Based on the French SATCP (Sol-Air À Très Courte Portée), the portable missile later to become the Mistral began development in 1974. It was initially deployed in 1988 for the first version (S1) and 1997 for the second version (M2).

Namibian Special Forces

The Namibian Special Forces is a special operations command of the Namibian Defence Force responsible for special forces and special operations capable units. The command consists of Army commandos, Army Airborne paratroopers and the Marine Corps amphibious special operations unit. The Army commandos specialise in airborne and land borne insertion while the Marine Corps amphibious special operations unit specialise in small-unit maritime operations that originate from a river, ocean, swamp and delta. The army units receive training assistance from former South African Special Forces (Recces) and the marine corps from the Brazilian Marine Corps. The units regularly participate in Southern African Development Community (SADC) special forces exercises.

Pedro Max Fernando Frontin

Pedro Max Fernando Frontin (8 February 1867 — 7 April 1939) was an Admiral from the Brazilian Navy. He fought alongside the Triple Entente during World War I.

Still occupied the post of Naval Chief Officer, Minister of Military Justice, Director of the Brazilian Naval School for Officials, Commander of the Brazilian Marine Corps, Commander of the Second Naval Division.

Portuguese conquest of French Guiana

The Portuguese conquest of French Guiana was an 1809 military operation against Cayenne, capital of the South American colony of French Guiana, in the scope of the Napoleonic Wars. The operation was performed by a combined expeditionary force that included Portuguese (from Portugal and from Colonial Brazil) and British military contingents.

The operation was part of a series of attacks on French held territory in the Americas during 1809 and due to commitments elsewhere, the British Royal Navy was unable to send substantial forces to attack the fortified river port. Instead, appeals were made to the Portuguese government, which had been driven out of Portugal the year before during the Peninsula War and was resident in Brazil. In exchange for providing troops and transports for the operation, the Portuguese were promised Guiana as an expansion of their holdings in Brazil for the duration of the conflict.

The British contribution was small, consisting solely of the minor warship HMS Confiance. Confiance however had a highly effective crew and an experienced captain in James Lucas Yeo, who was to command the entire expedition. The more substantial Portuguese contingent consisted of 700 regular soldiers of the colonial Army of Brazil - led by Lieutenant Colonel Manuel Marques de Elva Portugal -, 550 marines of the Royal Brigade of the Navy detached in Brazil and several warships to act as transports and provide offshore artillery support. The French defenders were weakened by years of Royal Navy blockade and could only muster 400 regular infantry and 800 unreliable militia, formed in part from the territory's free black population. As a result, resistance was inconsistent and despite Cayenne's strong fortifications, the territory fell within a week.

It is considered to be the baptism of fire of the Brazilian Marine Corps, as there was a participation of the Royal Brigade of the Navy that would give origin to it.

Scarlet (color)

Scarlet is a brilliant red color with a tinge of orange. In the spectrum of visible light, and on the traditional color wheel, it is one-quarter of the way between red and orange, slightly less orange than vermilion.According to surveys in Europe and the United States, scarlet and other bright shades of red are the colors most associated with courage, force, passion, heat, and joy. In the Roman Catholic Church, scarlet is the color worn by a cardinal, and is associated with the blood of Christ and the Christian martyrs, and with sacrifice.

Scarlet is also often associated with immorality and sin, particularly prostitution or adultery, largely because of a passage referring to "The Great Harlot", "dressed in purple and scarlet", in the Bible (Revelation 17:1–6).

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