Braves Field

Braves Field was a baseball park located in Boston, Massachusetts. Today the site is home to Nickerson Field on the campus of Boston University. The stadium was home of the Boston Braves of the National League from 19151952, prior to the Braves' move to Milwaukee in 1953. The stadium hosted the 1936 Major League Baseball All-Star Game and Braves home games during the 1948 World Series. The Boston Red Sox used Braves Field for their home games in the 1915 and 1916 World Series since the stadium had a larger seating capacity than Fenway Park. Braves Field was the site of Babe Ruth's final season, playing for the Braves in 1935.[1][2] From 1929 to 1932, the Boston Red Sox played select regular season games periodically at Braves Field.[3] On May 1, 1920, Braves Field hosted the longest major league baseball game in history – 26 innings, which eventually ended in a 1–1 tie.[4]

Braves Field was also home to multiple professional football teams between 1929 and 1948, including the first home of the National Football League (NFL) franchise that became the Washington Redskins. The pro football Braves played at the ballpark in their inaugural season of 1932, then were at Fenway Park for four seasons as the Boston Redskins before the move south in 1937 to Griffith Stadium in Washington, D.C.

Located on Commonwealth Avenue at Babcock Street, the baseball field was aligned northeast, much as Fenway Park has been since it opened in April 1912. Most of the stadium was demolished in 1955, but significant portions of the original structure still stand and make up part of the Nickerson Field sports complex on the campus of Boston University.

Braves Field
"The Wigwam"
"The Bee Hive" (1936–41)
Boston bleachers, Braves Field 2nd game of World Series, 10-9-16 LOC 15215977465
Braves Field during the 1916 World Series
Former namesNational League Park
(19361941)
Boston University Field
(1953–1955)
LocationCommonwealth Avenue
and Babcock Street
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Coordinates42°21′11″N 71°07′08″W / 42.353°N 71.119°WCoordinates: 42°21′11″N 71°07′08″W / 42.353°N 71.119°W
OwnerBoston Braves/Boston Bees
OperatorBoston Braves/Bees
Capacity40,000
Field sizeFinal
Left field – 337 ft (103 m)
Left-center – 355 ft (108 m)
Center field – 390 ft (119 m)
Right-center – 355 ft (108 m)
Right field – 319 ft (97 m)
SurfaceNatural grass
Construction
Broke groundMarch 20, 1915
OpenedAugust 18, 1915
104 years ago
Renovated1944, 1955
ClosedSeptember 21, 1952
Demolished1955  (reconfigured
into Nickerson Field)
Construction cost$600,000
ArchitectOsborn Engineering
Tenants
Baseball
Boston Braves (MLB) (19151952)
Football
Boston Bulldogs (AFL) (1926)
Boston Bulldogs (NFL) (1929)
Boston Braves (NFL) (1932)
Boston Shamrocks (AFL) (1936–1937)
Boston Yanks (NFL) (1946, 1948)

Professional football

While built for baseball and having a rich baseball history, Braves Field briefly served as host for football teams. Braves Field was one of two homes (with Fenway Park) of the Boston Bulldogs of the first American Football League (in 1926) and the Boston Shamrocks of the second AFL (in 1936 and 1937). The National Football League's Pottsville Maroons were sold and relocated to Braves Field in 1929 as the Boston Bulldogs. In 1932, Braves Field became home of the football Boston Braves, a National Football League expansion franchise, owned by George Preston Marshall. The next year, after a 4–4–2 season, the Boston Braves Football franchise moved to Fenway Park and changed its name to the Redskins.[5] In 1937 the franchise relocated and become today's Washington Redskins.[6] Later, the Boston Yanks played a few games at Braves Field when Fenway Park was unavailable. The team was also the home of the USFL's Boston Breakers in the early 80's.

Baseball history

Crowds at Braves Field Loop, opening day, 1915
Crowds at the streetcar loop outside the field on August 13, 1915, the first day of baseball in the new park

Before the Braves became the first modern-era franchise to relocate, in 1952, the Boston Braves franchise had been in Boston since 1871. Before Braves Field, the franchise had played at South End Grounds, with play at Congress Street Grounds in 1894 while South End Grounds was rebuilt following the May 15, 1894 Roxbury Fire .[7]

Shortly after the Boston Red Sox opened Fenway Park in 1912, Braves owner James Gaffney purchased the former Allston Golf Club, one mile west of Fenway Park to build a new park for the Braves. Construction of the $600,000 Braves Field began on March 20, 1915 and was completed before the end of the 1915 season.[8][9] The park was constructed entirely of steel (approx 750 tons) and an estimated 8 million pounds of concrete.[10] Braves Field officially opened on August 18, 1915 with 46,000 in attendance to see the Braves defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 3-1.[11] Braves Park was the largest stadium built in that era, with 40,000 capacity and a trolley system leading to the park.[3]

Braves Field was nicknamed The Wigwam by fans. Later it was nicknamed The Bee Hive and the name changed to National League Park, from 1936–1941, a period during which the owners changed the nickname of the team to the Boston Bees. The renaming of the team and stadium were both eventually dropped. During this span, it hosted the fourth Major League Baseball All-Star Game in 1936. With its capacity to hold more fans than Fenway Park, Braves Field was used by the Red Sox in the 1915 and 1916 World Series; with Braves Field still under construction, the Braves had used Fenway Park for their World Series Title in 1914.

Boston Braves field postcard
Postcard showing the lights shortly after installation in 1946/47.

Looking at design, James Gaffney wanted to see the game played in a wide open field conducive to allowing numerous inside-the-park home runs. Thus, the stadium was built in what was, at the time, the outskirts of Boston, in a large rectangular plot, contrasting with the cozy and lopsided block containing Fenway Park. The stands were almost entirely in foul territory, leaving little in the outfield to which players could hit a home run into – with the fences over 400 feet (120 m) away down the lines and nearly 500 feet (150 m) to dead center, hitting the ball over the outer fences was all but impossible during the dead-ball era. A stiff breeze coming in from center field across the Charles River further lessened any chances of seeing home runs fly out of the park.[12] The only possible target in the outfield was a small bleacher section, which came to be known as The Jury Box after a sportswriter noticed during one slow mid-week game that there were only twelve individuals sitting in the 2,000-seat stand. Ty Cobb visited the park and commented, "Nobody will ever hit a ball out of this park."[12] The large foul ground area further favored the pitchers.

It took seven years and a livelier ball before a batter hit a home run that cleared the outer wall on the fly. New York Giants catcher Frank Snyder hit the first major league home run in the history of Braves Field in 1922 when he cleared the left field foul pole.[12] Meanwhile, it remained a pitchers' park, perhaps never more so than on May 1, 1920, when Brooklyn Dodgers pitcher Leon Cadore and Braves pitcher Joe Oeschger locked horns for a pair of complete-game performances that went on for a still-record 26 innings. After all that work, the game ended in a 1–1 tie, called on account of darkness.

At the advent of the lively ball era, it became clear that the fans were unhappy with Gaffney's vision of how baseball should be played, and inner fences were built, and regularly moved, being moved in and out based on whims. Later, the ownership of the team even went so far as to shift the entire field in a clockwise direction (towards right field) at one point. One year after opening Braves Field, Gaffney had sold the Braves, but kept Braves Field. Gaffney and his heirs then leased the stadium out to Braves owners until 1949, when his heirs sold it back to the Braves for approx. $750,000.[3]

On Sunday, September 21, 1952, the Brooklyn Dodgers defeated the Braves, 8–2, before 8,822 fans in the final Major League game at Braves Field. Roy Campanella hit the last home run to help Joe Black defeat a Braves team with 20 year-old rookie Eddie Mathews hitting 3rd.[13]

BUNickersonConcourse
The concourse under the ballpark's remaining seating area still exists almost exactly as it did when the Braves played there.
Yankees vs. Athletics at Municipal Stadium
Yankees vs. K.C. Athletics at Municipal Stadium, August,1966. Former Braves Field Scoreboard visible at right
NickersonField2
NickersonField, 2008, part of old Boston Braves Field.
Bravesfieldplaque
Braves Field Plaque

Closing and renovation

After purchasing the Braves from Bob Quinn in 1945, owner Lou Perini, citing low attendance, moved the Braves to Milwaukee just prior to the 1953 season, leaving Braves Field vacant. The Braves had drawn fewer than 300,000 fans in 1952, after drawing over 1 million in 1947, 1948, and 1949. Milwaukee had been the site of the Braves' Minor League team, the Milwaukee Brewers, and the Braves had earlier blocked an attempt by the St. Louis Browns to move to Milwaukee.[14][15] With the Braves gone, Boston University quickly purchased the former home of the Braves on July 30, 1953, renaming it Boston University Field and utilizing it for their student athletes, a usage that remains today.[16] The remaining scoreboard was sold and was moved to Kansas City Municipal Stadium.[17]

The old ballpark was used as-is until 1955, when Boston University reconfigured the stands and the grounds. The remodel replaced all but the pavilion grandstand at the end of the right field line, which was retained as the seating core of a football, soccer, field hockey, and track-and-field stadium. The stadium was initially called "Boston University Field" and later renamed Nickerson Field. Along with the pavilion, the original outer wall was retained, though a portion of that wall along what is now Harry Agganis Way was replaced with wrought iron fencing in 2008. The stadium's ticket office was converted into the Boston University police station. The rest of the stadium structure was replaced by dormitories covering the former main grandstand; and the Case Physical Education Center, which houses Walter Brown Arena and Case Gym in the vicinity of what was the left field pavilion along Babcock Street. Of the demolished Jewel Box ballparks, Braves Field has the largest proportion of visible remnants still standing, as no other former ballpark has any portion of its seating still in use.

World Series games

Boston Braves Baseball Team of 1948 (78732)
Boston Braves baseball team of 1948

World Series games were played at Braves Field in 1915, 1916, and 1948. The Boston Red Sox played their home games in the 1915 and 1916 World Series at the new Braves Field, as its capacity at the time was larger than Fenway Park, while the Braves hosted three games of the 1948 World Series.

The Red Sox defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 4 games to 1 to win the 1915 World Series. On Monday, October 11, the Red Sox won Game 3 at Braves Field, 2–1, in front of 42,300. The next day, the Red Sox won Game 4 in front of 41,096, also 2–1.[18] As a young pitcher on the Red Sox, Babe Ruth only appeared in the series once, as a pinch hitter, going 0–1 in Game 1.[19]

The following year, the Red Sox played the Brooklyn Robins in the 1916 World Series. In Game 1, the Red Sox defeated Brooklyn, 6–5, at Braves Field in front of 36,117. On Monday, October 9, Boston left-hander Babe Ruth pitched against Sherry Smith in front of 47,373.[20] Ruth and Smith dueled for 14 innings, before Ruth and the Red Sox won in the bottom of the 14th, 2–1. The Red Sox won their second consecutive World Series with a 4–1 victory in Game 5 at Braves Field, with 43,620 in attendance.[21]

Vern Bickford, Johnny Sain, Warren Spahn
Vern Bickford, Johnny Sain, Warren Spahn

In 1948, the Boston Braves captured the National League pennant with 91 wins. The Braves then played the Cleveland Indians in the World Series, losing 4 games to 2. Two future Hall-of-Famers led their teams as Managers, Lou Boudreau of Indians and Billy Southworth leading the Braves.[22] The 1948 Braves were led by pitchers Johnny Sain and Hall-of-Famer Warren Spahn. In Game 1, on October 6, Sain beat Bob Feller of the Indians, 1–0, at Braves Field in front of 40,135. The Indians took Game 2, 4–1, the next day at Braves Field, with Bob Lemon beating Spahn with 39,633 in attendance.[22] Game 2 also made television history when a live broadcast of the game was shown to passengers of the B&O Railroad's train traveling between Washington, D.C. and New York City.[23] The Braves and Indians returned to Boston for Game 6 on Monday October 11, 1948. The Indians defeated the Braves, 4–3, in front of 40,103 to capture the championship.[22]

1936 All-Star Game

On July 7, 1936 the 1936 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was played at Braves Field, with 25,566 in attendance.[24] The National League defeated the American League, 4–3, in the 4th All-Star game, featuring over 20 future Major League Baseball Hall of Fame members.

Lefty Grove and Dizzy Dean were the starting pitchers for managers Joe McCarthy of the New York Yankees and Charlie Grimm of the Chicago Cubs.[25] Lou Gehrig hit a home run for the American League, batting behind rookie Joe DiMaggio in the lineup. Among others, Luke Appling, Bill Dickey, Joe Cronin, Schoolboy Rowe, Jimmie Foxx, Rick Ferrell, Earl Averill and Charlie Gehringer were selected for the American League. The National League roster included Billy Herman, Joe Medwick, Gabby Hartnett, Arky Vaughan, Goose Goslin, Leo Durocher, Ernie Lombardi, Mel Ott and Carl Hubbell.[24]

Longest Major League game

On Saturday, May 1, 1920, at Braves Field, the Braves and Brooklyn Robins played 26 complete innings in a game that ended in a 1–1 tie, called due to darkness by home plate umpire Barry McCormick.[4][26][27] It is the longest game, by innings, in Major League history.[28] Starting pitchers Leon Cadore (Brooklyn) and Joe Oeschger (Boston) both pitched the entire game in front of 4,500 fans. The 26 innings by both pitchers is also a record,[29] and it is conservatively estimated that each threw at least 300 pitches.[30] Oeschager threw 21 consecutive scoreless innings in the game, Cadore threw 20. Second baseman Charlie Pick of the Braves went 0–11, the worst single day at the plate in MLB history.[26] Cadore faced 95 Braves hitters, while Oeschager faced 90 hitters.[26]

Brooklyn and the Braves met again on Monday, May 3, after an off-day for the Braves. That game lasted another 19 innings, a 2–1 Boston win.[31] In between, on Sunday, May 2, Brooklyn played at home against Philadelphia (a 4–3 Brooklyn win) in a game that went 13 innings.[32] This gave Brooklyn 58 innings played in three days and three games.[26]

No-hitters

There were four no-hitters pitched at Braves Field, none of them was a perfect game;

Date Pitcher Team Score Opponent Attendance Ref.
June 16, 1916 Tom Hughes Boston Braves 2–0 Pittsburgh Pirates  N/A [33]
April 27, 1944 Jim Tobin Boston Braves 2–0 Brooklyn Dodgers  1,447 [34][35]
August 11, 1950 Vern Bickford Boston Braves 7–0 Brooklyn Dodgers 29,208 [36]
May 6, 1951dagger Cliff Chambers Pittsburgh Pirates 3–0 Boston Braves 15,492 [3][37]
dagger Second game of a doubleheader

3-home-run games

There were only two three-home-run games at Braves Field;[3]

Date Player Team Score Opponent Attendance Ref.
June 2, 1928 Les Belldagger Boston Braves 12–20 Cincinnati Reds 18,000 [38]
May 13, 1942 Jim Tobindouble-dagger Boston Braves  6–5 Chicago Cubs  3,443 [39]
dagger Bell also hit a triple.
double-dagger Tobin is the only modern era (post-1900) pitcher to hit three home runs in one game.[3]

Dimensions

As noted above, the fences were moved repeatedly throughout the ballpark's existence, sometimes within a given season.

Year(s) Left Left-center Center Right-center Right
1915–20 402' 402' 6" (1915)
396' (1916)
440' 402' 402' (1915)
375' (1916)
1921–27 375' (1921)
404' (1922)
403' (1926)
402' 5" (1921)
404 (1922)
402' 6" (1926)
440' 402' 365'
1928–29 353' 6" 330' (April 1928)
359' (July 1928)
387' (April 1928)
417' (July 1928)
387' 2" (1929)
402' 364' (1928)
297' 9" (1929)
1930 340' 359' 394' 6" 402' 297' 9"
1931–32 353' 8" 359' 387' 3" 402' 297' 11"
1933–35 359' (1933)
353' 8" (1934)
359' 417' 402' 364'
1936–39 368' 359' 426' (1936)
407' (1937)
408' (1939)
402' 297' (1936)
376' (1937)
378' (1938)
1940–41 350' (1940)
337' (1941)
359' 385' (1940)
401' (1941)
402' 350'
1942 334' 365' 375' 362' 350'
1943 340' 355' 370' 355' 340' (April 1943)
320' (July 1943)
1944–45 337' 355' 390' (1944)
380' (1945)
355' 340' (April 1944)
320' (May 1944)
1946–52 337' 355' 370' (1946)
318' (1947)
355' 320' (1946)
320' (1947)
319' (1948)
Center field at the flag pole: 520'
Deepest center field corner: 550' (1915), 401' (1942), 390' (1943)
Backstop: 75' (1915), 60' (1936)

Seating capacity

Years Capacity[40]
1915–1927 40,000
1928–1936 46,500
1937–1938 41,700
1939–1940 45,000
1941–1946 37,746
1947 36,706
1948–1954 37,106

References

  1. ^ "1948 Boston Braves Statistics - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Babe Ruth Stats - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "The Ballparks: Braves Field, Boston, Massachusetts". www.thisgreatgame.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Brooklyn Robins at Boston Braves Box Score, May 1, 1920 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Boston Redskins (1932-1936)". www.sportsecyclopedia.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  6. ^ "1932 Boston Braves Statistics & Players - Pro-Football-Reference.com". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  7. ^ "South End Grounds". ballparks.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Braves Field - History, Photos and more of the Boston Braves former ballpark". ballparksofbaseball.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Braves Field". www.bahistory.org. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Braves Field: An Imperfect History of the Perfect Ballpark - Society for American Baseball Research". sabr.org. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  11. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals at Boston Braves Box Score, August 18, 1915 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  12. ^ a b c Frank, Stanley (July 1947). Diamonds Are Rough All Over. Baseball Digest. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  13. ^ "Brooklyn Dodgers at Boston Braves Box Score, September 21, 1952 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league... March 3 in History at BrainyHistory.com". brainyhistory.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  15. ^ "Atlanta Braves Team History & Encyclopedia - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  16. ^ http://www.ballparktour.com/Former_Boston.html
  17. ^ Lowry, Philip (2006). Green Cathedrals. Walker & Company. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-8027-1608-8.
  18. ^ "1915 World Series - Boston Red Sox over Philadelphia Phillies (4-1) - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  19. ^ Inc., Baseball Almanac,. "Babe Ruth World Series Stats by Baseball Almanac". www.baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  20. ^ "1916 World Series Game 2, Brooklyn Robins at Boston Red Sox, October 9, 1916 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  21. ^ "1916 World Series - Boston Red Sox over Brooklyn Robins (4-1) - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  22. ^ a b c "1948 World Series - Cleveland Indians over Boston Braves (4-2) - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  23. ^ "Train Television Shows Ball Game". The New York Times. October 8, 1948.
  24. ^ a b "1936 All-Star Game Box Score, July 7 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  25. ^ "All-Star Game History and Leaders - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  26. ^ a b c d "The Longest Game by Innings in Major League Baseball History". todayifoundout.com. 20 November 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  27. ^ "Boston Braves 1, Brooklyn Robins 1". Retrosheet. May 1, 1920.
  28. ^ "Game Length Records". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  29. ^ "Innings Pitched Records". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  30. ^ "The day the pitchers went 26 innings". go.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  31. ^ "Brooklyn Robins at Boston Braves Box Score, May 3, 1920 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  32. ^ "MLB Scores, Standings, Box Scores for Sunday, May 2, 1920 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  33. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates at Boston Braves Box Score, June 16, 1916 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  34. ^ "Brooklyn Dodgers at Boston Braves Box Score, April 27, 1944 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  35. ^ "Jim Tobin's No-Hit, No-Run Game Sees Only 98 Pitches Delivered". Fitchburg Sentinel. Fitchburg, Massachusetts. April 28, 1944. Retrieved October 20, 2017 – via newspapers.com.
  36. ^ "Brooklyn Dodgers at Boston Braves Box Score, August 11, 1950 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  37. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates at Boston Braves Box Score, May 6, 1951 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  38. ^ "Cincinnati Reds at Boston Braves Box Score, June 2, 1928 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  39. ^ "Chicago Cubs at Boston Braves Box Score, May 13, 1942 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  40. ^ "Braves Field Historical Analysis by Baseball Almanac". www.baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.

Sources

  • Lost Ballparks, by Lawrence Ritter
  • Green Cathedrals, by Phil Lowry
  • Ballparks of North America, by Michael Benson
  • Baseball Uniforms of the 20th Century, by Marc Okkonen

External links

1915 Boston Braves season

The 1915 Boston Braves season was the 45th season of the franchise. The Braves finished second in the National League with a record of 83 wins and 69 losses, seven games behind the National League champion Philadelphia Phillies. The 1915 season was notable for the opening of Braves Field on August 13, the last of the National League's "jewel box" stadiums to be built. (Weeghman Park in Chicago, while opened in 1914, would not be occupied by the Cubs until the next season.) Prior to the opening of Braves Field, the Braves had played in Fenway Park for the first half of the 1915 season and the last 27 games of the 1914 season, having left their only previous home, South End Grounds, on August 11, 1914.

In the final game of the season, a 15–8 loss to the New York Giants, Joe Shannon made his final Major League appearance, and Red Shannon made his first Major League appearance. The two were twins, marking the first of three times that twins played on the same team (along with Eddie and Johnny O'Brien and Jose and Ozzie Canseco).

1915 World Series

In the 1915 World Series, the Boston Red Sox beat the Philadelphia Phillies four games to one.

In their only World Series before 1950, the Phillies won Game 1 before being swept the rest of the way. It was 65 years before the Phillies won their next Series game. The Red Sox pitching was so strong in the 1915 series that the young Babe Ruth was not used on the mound and only made a single pinch-hitting appearance.

1916 World Series

In the 1916 World Series, the Boston Red Sox beat the Brooklyn Robins four games to one. It was the first World Series meeting between the teams.

Casey Stengel shone on offense for the Robins in the 1916 Series, but the Red Sox pitching corps ultimately proved too much for the denizens of Flatbush. The Sox's Babe Ruth pitched thirteen shutout innings in Game 2, starting a consecutive scoreless innings streak that would reach 29 in 1918. As with the 1915 Series, the Red Sox played their home games at the larger Braves Field, and it paid off as they drew a then-record 43,620 people for the final game.

Brooklyn fielded some strong teams under their manager and namesake Wilbert Robinson in the late 1910s. The Robins, also interchangeably called the Dodgers, would win the pennant again in 1920, but the American League teams were generally stronger during that interval. It would be 39 years before the Dodgers would win their first World Series title in 1955.

The two franchises met again in the postseason for the first time in 102 years in the 2018 World Series, 60 years after the Dodgers relocated to Los Angeles. The record for most innings played in a World Series game, set by Game 2 in 1916, at 14, was broken by Game 3 in 2018, at 18. Just like their first matchup in the World Series, the Red Sox would eventually go on to defeat the Dodgers in five games to win their ninth World Series championship.

1925 Boston College Eagles football team

The 1925 Boston College Eagles football team was an American football team that represented Boston College as an independent during the 1925 college football season. In its seventh season under head coach Frank Cavanaugh, the team compiled a 6–2 record and outscored its opponents by a total of 154 to 54.Jack Cronin played at the left halfback position. He later played four years in the National Football League for the Providence Steam Roller. Joe McKenney played at quarterback and later returned as Boston College's head football coach from 1928 to 1934. Jack Donahue was the team captain.

1932 Boston Braves (NFL) season

The Boston Braves finished their inaugural 1932 season with a record of four wins, four losses, and two ties, and finished in fourth place in the National Football League.

1944 Boston College Eagles football team

The 1944 Boston College Eagles football team represented Boston College during the 1944 college football season. The Eagles were led by head coach Moody Sarno, who was in his second year covering for Denny Myers while Myers served in the United States Navy. Boston College played their home games at Alumni Field in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts and Braves Field and Fenway Park in Boston. They finished with a record of 4–3.

1946 Boston College Eagles football team

The 1946 Boston College Eagles football team represented Boston College during the 1946 college football season. The Eagles were led by third-year head coach Denny Myers, who returned to coach the team after serving in the United States Navy during the previous three seasons. The team played their home games at Braves Field in Boston, Massachusetts. Boston College finished with a record of 6–3.

1947 Boston College Eagles football team

The 1947 Boston College Eagles football team was an American football team that represented Boston College as an independent during the 1947 college football season. In its fourth season under head coach Denny Myers, the team compiled a 5–4 record and outscored opponents by a total of 184 to 134. The team played its home games at Braves Field in Boston.

1948 Boston Braves season

The 1948 Boston Braves season was the 78th consecutive season for the Major League Baseball franchise, its 73rd in the National League. It produced the team's second NL pennant of the 20th century, its first since 1914, and its tenth overall league title dating to 1876.

Led by starting pitchers Johnny Sain and Warren Spahn (who combined for 39 victories), and the hitting of Bob Elliott, Jeff Heath, Tommy Holmes and rookie Alvin Dark, the 1948 Braves captured 91 games to finish 6​1⁄2 paces ahead of the second-place St. Louis Cardinals. They also attracted 1,455,439 fans to Braves Field, the third-largest gate in the National League and a high-water mark for the team's stay in Boston. The 1948 pennant was the fourth National League championship in seven years for Braves' manager Billy Southworth, who had won three NL titles (1942–44, inclusive) and two World Series championships (1942 and 1944) with the Cardinals. Southworth would be posthumously elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame as a manager in 2008.

However, the Braves fell in six games to the Cleveland Indians in the 1948 World Series, and would experience a swift decline in both on-field success and popularity over the next four seasons. Attendance woes—the Braves would draw only 281,278 home fans in 1952—forced the team's relocation to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in March 1953. (It later moved to Atlanta in 1966.)

After playing .500 baseball in April and May 1948, the Braves vaulted into first place on the strength of a 39–21 record during June and July. Hampered by second baseman Eddie Stanky's broken ankle and center fielder Jim Russell's season-ending illness, the club slumped slightly in August, going only 14–17 and falling out of the lead August 29. But then it righted itself to win 21 of its final 28 games, regain the top spot September 2, and clinch the NL flag on the 26th. Meanwhile, the city's American League team, the Red Sox, ended their season in a first-place tie with the Indians and lost a playoff game to Cleveland at Fenway Park on October 4, ruining the prospect of what would have been the only all-Boston World Series in MLB history.

For both the Braves and Red Sox, the 1948 season was the first in which their games were broadcast on television, with telecasts alternating between WBZ-TV and WNAC-TV and the teams sharing the same announcers. The first-ever telecast of a major league game in New England occurred on Tuesday night, June 15, with the Braves defeating the visiting Chicago Cubs 6–3 behind Sain's complete game.

1948 Boston College Eagles football team

The 1948 Boston College Eagles football team represented Boston College during the 1948 college football season. The Eagles were led by fifth-year head coach Denny Myers and played their home games at Braves Field in Boston, Massachusetts. Boston College finished with a record of 5–2–2.

1949 Boston College Eagles football team

The 1949 Boston College Eagles football team represented Boston College during the 1949 college football season. The Eagles were led by sixth-year head coach Denny Myers and played their home games at Braves Field in Boston, Massachusetts. Boston College finished with a record of 4–4–1.

In the annual rivalry game against Holy Cross, Boston College routed the Crusaders 76–0, by far the most lopsided result in the history of the series.

1950 Boston College Eagles football team

The 1950 Boston College Eagles football team represented Boston College during the 1950 college football season. The Eagles were led by seventh-year head coach Denny Myers and played their home games at Braves Field in Boston, Massachusetts. Boston College finished winless for the first time since 1902, finishing with 9 losses and 1 tie, against Wake Forest. Denny Myers announced his resignation as head coach prior to the season-finale against rival Holy Cross. He compiled a record of 35–27–4 while at Boston College.

1951 Boston College Eagles football team

The 1951 Boston College Eagles football team represented Boston College during the 1951 college football season. The Eagles were led by first-year head coach Mike Holovak and played their home games at Braves Field in Boston, Massachusetts.

1952 Boston Braves season

The 1952 Boston Braves season was the 82nd season of the franchise; the team went 64–89 (.418) and was seventh in the eight-team National League, 32 games behind the pennant-winning Brooklyn Dodgers. Home attendance for the season at Braves Field was under 282,000.This was the final season for the franchise in Boston, Massachusetts, and the last home game at Braves Field was played on September 21. Several weeks prior to the 1953 season, the team moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, which was the first franchise relocation in the majors in a half century. By 1958, four other teams had moved. The Braves stayed for thirteen years in Milwaukee, then went to Atlanta prior to the 1966 season.

1952 Boston College Eagles football team

The 1952 Boston College Eagles football team represented Boston College during the 1952 college football season. The Eagles were led by second-year head coach Mike Holovak and played their home games at Braves Field in Boston, Massachusetts.

History of the Boston Braves

The Atlanta Braves, a current Major League Baseball franchise, originated in Boston, Massachusetts. This article details the history of the Boston Braves, from 1871 to 1952, after which they moved to Milwaukee to become the Milwaukee Braves, and then eventually to Atlanta, to become the Atlanta Braves. The Boston Franchise played at South End Grounds from 1871 to 1914 and at Braves Field from 1915 to 1952. Braves Field is now Nickerson Field of Boston University. The franchise, from Boston to Milwaukee to Atlanta, is the oldest continuous professional baseball franchise.

LECOM Park

LECOM Park is a baseball field located in Bradenton, Florida. It is the spring training home of the Pittsburgh Pirates and is named after 15-year naming rights deal was signed with the Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, which has its main campus in Erie, Pennsylvania and also a campus in Bradenton. It was formerly known as McKechnie Field, named for Bradenton resident and Baseball Hall of Fame great Bill McKechnie, who led the Pirates in 1925 and the Cincinnati Reds in 1940 to World Series titles. He was also a coach of the Cleveland Indians in 1948. Several notable members of the Baseball Hall of Fame, such as Roberto Clemente, Willie Stargell, Bill Mazeroski, Babe Ruth, Ted Williams and Mike Schmidt, have played at LECOM Park during their careers. The stadium also hosts minor league baseball games for the Bradenton Marauders, the Pirates' High-A club in the Florida State League.

LECOM Park's nostalgic charms in its city neighborhood appeal to many baseball traditionalists and ballpark enthusiasts, and some consider the facility to be Florida's version of Fenway Park. It is built in a Florida Spanish Mission style, with white stucco on the main grandstand and cover bleachers over the reserved seating section. The Pirates and the City of Bradenton celebrated their 40th anniversary together during the 2008 spring training season, which included an agreement between the city and the Pirates to continue their partnership through 2037.

The field is currently the oldest stadium used for spring training as well as the second-oldest in the Florida State League (behind Jackie Robinson Ballpark, built in 1914). It is also the third oldest stadium currently used by a major league team after Fenway Park, built in 1912, and Wrigley Field in 1914.The stadium also formerly hosted an annual charity game between the Pirates and the State College of Florida, Manatee–Sarasota. Several improvements to the field were also made possible through the efforts of the Bradenton Boosters, a volunteer club of local residents that not only raises funds for ballpark improvements, but also operate LECOM Park on game day. Since 1979, members of the Boosters have volunteered as the Pirates spring training game-day staff. The booster club's 120 members currently serve as ushers, program sellers, security personnel, merchandise sellers, and press box attendants throughout spring training season.

List of Boston and Milwaukee Braves Opening Day starting pitchers

The Braves are a Major League Baseball team that was originally based in Boston. They moved to Milwaukee in 1953 before moving to their current home, Atlanta in 1966. They played in the National League since its formation in 1876. At various points in the history in Boston, they were known as the Beaneaters, the Doves, the Rustlers and the Bees. During the 20th century until their move to Milwaukee, they played their home games primarily at two home ball parks – South End Grounds until 1914, and Braves Field from 1915 through 1952. They also played some home games at Fenway Park in 1914 and 1915, including Opening Day of 1915. Their home ball park in Milwaukee was County Stadium. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day.The Braves used 40 different Opening Day starting pitchers in their 80 National League seasons they played prior to moving to Atlanta. The Braves won 46 of those games against 42 losses in those Opening Day starts. They also played two tie games.Warren Spahn had the most Opening Day starts for the Boston and Milwaukee Braves with ten between 1952 and 1964. Kid Nichols made six Opening Day starts between 1893 and 1901. Jim Whitney (1881–1885) and John Clarkson (1888–1892) each had five Opening Day starts. Tommy Bond (1877–1880), Vic Willis (1900–1904), Dick Rudolph (1915–1917, 1919), Al Javery (1942–1945) and Johnny Sain (1946–1949) each made four Opening Day starts. Irv Young (1906–1908), Bob Smith (1927–1929) and Ed Brandt (1932, 1934, 1935) each had three such starts. Other pitchers with multiple Opening Day starts for the Boston and Milwaukee Braves were Charles Radbourn, Jack Stivetts, Hub Perdue, Joe Oeschger, Joe Genewich, Danny MacFayden and Lew Burdette.

Prior to moving to Atlanta, the Braves played in the World Series four times. The played in the World Series as the Boston Braves in 1914 and 1948, and as the Milwaukee Braves in 1957 and 1959. They won the World Series in 1914 and 1957. Their Opening Day starting pitchers in World Series years were Lefty Tyler in 1914, Sain in 1948, and Spahn in 1957 and 1958. They lost their Opening Day game in 1914, 1948 and 1958, and won in 1957. In addition, the franchise won the National League championship eight times during the 19th century, prior to the existence of the modern World Series. Nichols was the team's Opening Day starting pitcher in three of those season, Clarkson and Bond in two of those seasons each, and Whitney was the Opening Day starting pitcher in one such season.

Jesse Barnes made an Opening Day start for the Braves against the New York Giants in 1925, after having made an Opening Day start for the Giants against the Braves in 1920. Spahn is the only pitcher to make an Opening Day start for both the Boston Braves and the Milwaukee Braves. Tony Cloninger, who made the last Opening Day start for the Milwaukee Braves in 1965 and the first for the Atlanta Braves in 1966, is the only pitcher to make an Opening Day start for both the Milwaukee and Atlanta Braves.

Nickerson Field

Nickerson Field is an outdoor athletic stadium in the Northeastern United States, on the campus of Boston University (BU) in Boston, Massachusetts. The stadium is owned by BU, and is the home field for some Boston University Terriers athletics programs, including soccer and lacrosse. It was also the home of the Boston University Terriers football team until the program was discontinued following the 1997 season.The stadium is located on the site of Braves Field, the former home ballpark of the Boston Braves, a major league baseball team in the National League; the franchise relocated to Milwaukee in March 1953, and relocated again in 1966, becoming the Atlanta Braves. Parts of Braves Field, such as the entry gate and right field pavilion, remain as portions of the current stadium. The old Braves Field ticket office at Harry Agganis Way also remains, now used by the Boston University Police Department. The stadium has been the home of BU teams longer (50-plus years) than it was the home of the Braves (parts of 38 seasons).

The field is named for William Emery Nickerson (1853–1930), a partner of King C. Gillette during the early years of the Gillette Safety Razor Company.

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Fenway Park
Home of the Boston Braves
1915–1952
Succeeded by
Milwaukee County Stadium
Preceded by
first stadium
Home of the Boston Redskins
1932
Succeeded by
Fenway Park
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1936
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