Bradley International Airport

Bradley International Airport (IATA: BDL, ICAO: KBDL, FAA LID: BDL) is a civil/military airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. Owned and operated by the Connecticut Airport Authority,[2] it is the second-largest airport in New England.[3]

The airport is about halfway between Hartford and Springfield. It is Connecticut's busiest commercial airport and the second-busiest airport in New England after Boston's Logan International Airport, with about 6.4 million passengers in 2017.[1] The four largest carriers at Bradley International Airport are Southwest, Delta, JetBlue, and American with market shares of 29%, 19%, 15%, and 14%, respectively.[4] As a dual-use military facility with the U.S. Air Force, the airport is home to the 103d Airlift Wing (103 AW) of the Connecticut Air National Guard.

In 2017 Bradley was the 53rd-busiest airport in the United States, by passengers enplaned.[5] Bradley was originally branded as the "Gateway to New England" and is home to the New England Air Museum. In 2016 Bradley International launched its new brand, "Love The Journey".[6]

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021 categorized it as a medium-hub primary commercial service facility.[7]

The former discount department store chain Bradlees was named after the airport as many of the early planning meetings were held there.[8]

Bradley International Airport
Bradley INTL Logo
Airport 2
Airport typePublic
OwnerConnecticut Airport Authority
OperatorConnecticut Airport Authority
LocationWindsor Locks, Connecticut, U.S.
Elevation AMSL173 ft / 53 m
Coordinates41°56′21″N 072°41′00″W / 41.93917°N 72.68333°WCoordinates: 41°56′21″N 072°41′00″W / 41.93917°N 72.68333°W
BDL is located in Connecticut
BDL is located in the United States
Direction Length Surface
ft m
6/24 9,510 2,899 Asphalt
15/33 6,847 2,087 Asphalt
1/19 4,269 1,301 Asphalt
Aircraft operations (2016)93,678
Based aircraft (2017)64
Total Passengers Served (2017)6,436,407


20th century

Bradley has its origins in the 1940 acquisition of 1,700 acres (690 ha) of land in Windsor Locks by the state of Connecticut. In 1941, this land was turned over to the U.S. Army, as the country began its preparations for the impending war.[9]

The airfield was named after 24-year-old Lt. Eugene M. Bradley of Antlers, Oklahoma, assigned to the 64th Pursuit Squadron, who died when his P-40 crashed during a dogfight training drill on August 21, 1941.[10]

The airfield began civil use in 1947 as Bradley International Airport. Its first commercial flight was Eastern Air Lines Flight 624. International cargo operations at the airport also began that year. Bradley eventually replaced the older, smaller Hartford–Brainard Airport as Hartford's primary airport.[9]

In 1948 the federal government deeded the Airport to the State of Connecticut for public and commercial use.[9]

In 1950 Bradley International Airport exceeded the 100,000-passenger mark, handling 108,348 passengers.[9] In 1952 the Murphy Terminal opened. Later dubbed Terminal B, the terminal was the oldest passenger terminal in the US when it closed in 2010.[11]

The April 1957 OAG shows 39 weekday departures: 14 American, 14 Eastern, 9 United, and 2 Northeast. The first jets were United 720s to Cleveland in early 1961. Nonstops never reached west of Chicago or south of Washington until Eastern and Northeast began nonstops to Miami in 1967; nonstops to Los Angeles and Atlanta started in 1968.

In 1960, Bradley handled 500,238 passengers.[9]

In 1971, the Murphy Terminal was expanded with an International Arrivals wing. This was followed by the installation of instrument landing systems on two runways in 1977.

In 1976 an experimental monorail was completed from the terminal to a parking lot 7/10 of a mile away. The "people mover" cost US$4 million and was anticipated to cost $250 thousand annually to operate. Due to the high operating cost, the monorail was never put in service and was dismantled in 1984 to make room for a new terminal building.[12][13] The retired vehicles from the system are now on display at the Connecticut Trolley Museum in East Windsor, Connecticut.[14]

In 1979 the "Windsor Locks" tornado ripped through the eastern portions of the airport. The New England Air Museum sustained some of the worst damage. It reopened in 1981.[15]

The new Terminal A and Bradley Sheraton Hotel were completed in 1986. The Roncari cargo terminal was also built.[9]

21st century

Florida 148
Food court and shopping hall connecting the East and West concourses of Terminal A

2001 saw the commencement of the Terminal Improvement Project to expand Terminal A with a new concourse, construct a new International Arrivals Building and centralize passenger screening. The airport expansion was part of a larger project to enhance the reputation of the Hartford metropolitan area as a destination for business and vacation travel. The new East Concourse, designed by HNTB, opened in September 2002.[9]

In December 2002 a new International Arrivals Building opened west of Terminal B,[9] housing the Federal Inspection Station with one jetway.[16] Two government agencies support the facility; U.S. Customs and Border Protection and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The FIS Terminal can process more than 300 passengers per hour from aircraft as large as a Boeing 747. This facility cost approximately $7.7 million, which included the building and site work, funded through the Bradley Improvement Fund. Currently the International Arrivals Building is utilized by Delta Air Lines and Frontier Airlines (Apple Vacations) for their seasonal service to Cancun, Mexico and Punta Cana, Dominican Republic.[17] All international arrivals except for those from airports with customs preclearance are processed through the IAB. International departures are handled from the existing terminal complex.

On October 2–3, 2007 the Airbus A380 visited Bradley on its world tour, stopping in Hartford to showcase the aircraft to Connecticut workers for Pratt & Whitney and Hamilton Sundstrand, both divisions of United Technologies, which helped build the GP7000 TurboFan engines, which is an option to power the aircraft. Bradley Airport is one of only 68 airports worldwide large enough to accommodate the A380. No carriers provide regular A380 service to Bradley, but the airport occasionally is a diversion airfield for JFK-bound A380s.[18]

On October 7, 2008 Embraer, an aerospace company based in Brazil, selected Bradley as its service center for the Northeastern United States. An $11 million project was begun with support from teams of the Connecticut Department of Transportation and Connecticut's Economic and Community Development. The center is intended to be a full maintenance and repair facility for its line of business jets and is expected to employ up to 60 aircraft technicians. The facility was temporarily closed ten months after opening due to economic conditions, reopening on February 28, 2011.[19][20]

On June 22, 2012 the Connecticut Airport Authority board approved the hiring of Kevin A. Dillon as the Executive Director for the Connecticut Airport Authority, including Bradley International Airport.[21]

On October 21, 2015 Bradley announced renewed transatlantic service, partnering with Aer Lingus to bring daily flights between Bradley and Dublin.[22][23] Service to Dublin began on September 28, 2016. On September 13, 2018 Governor Dannel P. Malloy announced that Aer Lingus service at Bradley International Airport will continue for at least four more years under a new agreement made with the state, committing the airline to continue its transatlantic service at the airport through September 2022. Aer Lingus committed to placing one of its first four A321neoLR aircraft on the Bradley to Dublin route.[24]

Norwegian Air Shuttle flew the airport's second transatlantic European flight. The first flight was on June 17, 2017 to Edinburgh in the UK. On January 15, 2018 the airline announced it would end service from Bradley to Scotland, with the last flight leaving March 25, 2018.[25]

The owners of TAP Portugal, a consortium headed by David Neeleman, have expressed interest in starting a direct route between Lisbon and Bradley International.[26]

On January 25, 2017 Spirit Airlines announced new daily nonstop service to Orlando and Fort Lauderdale along with 4 times weekly seasonal service to Myrtle Beach. The first flight to Orlando was on April 27,[27] and service to Fort Lauderdale started on June 16.[28] The same day,[28] the company also announced seasonal nonstop service to Fort Myers and Tampa, which began on November 9, 2017.[29][30]


Bradley International Airport covers 2,432 acres (984 ha) at an elevation of 173 feet (53 m). It has three asphalt runways: 6/24 is 9,510 by 200 feet (2,899 × 61 m); 15/33 is 6,847 by 150 feet (2,087 × 46 m); 1/19 is 4,269 by 100 feet (1,301 × 30 m).[2]

In the year ending March 31, 2016 the airport had 93,678 aircraft operations, averaging 257 per day: 61% airline, 21% air taxi, 16% general aviation and 3% military. Sixty-four aircraft were then based at this airport: 48% jet, 31% military, 3% multi-engine, 11% helicopter and 6% single-engine.[2]


The airport has one terminal with two concourses: East Concourse (Gates 1-12) and West Concourse (Gates 20-30) The East Concourse (Gates 1-12) houses Aer Lingus, Air Canada, Delta, JetBlue and Southwest. While the West Concourse (Gates 20-30) houses American, Frontier, Spirit and United.

The third floor of terminal A has the administrative offices of the Connecticut Airport Authority.[31]

Former terminal

Terminal B known as the Murphy Terminal opened in 1952 and was closed to passenger use in 2010. It was slowly demolished starting in late 2015 and ending in early 2016. It housed the Administrative offices of the CAA and TSA until its demolition.

The Customs Building that is used for arriving International Flights has been dubbed Terminal B until a New Terminal B with 24 gates is rebuilt.

Airlines and destinations


Aer Lingus Dublin [32]
Air Canada Express Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson [33]
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, Philadelphia [34]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Philadelphia, Washington–National [34]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Cancún, Orlando
Delta Connection Cincinnati, Cleveland, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Raleigh/Durham
Seasonal: Detroit
Frontier Airlines Orlando
Seasonal: Denver, Miami (begins November 14, 2019),[36] Raleigh/Durham
JetBlue Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, San Juan, Tampa, West Palm Beach
Southwest Airlines Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Denver, Orlando, St. Louis, Tampa
Seasonal: Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, West Palm Beach
Spirit Airlines Fort Lauderdale, Orlando
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Myrtle Beach, Tampa
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Washington–Dulles
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Washington–Dulles [40]


Amazon Air Cincinnati, Ontario, Portland (OR), Sacramento, Seattle/Tacoma, Stockton (CA), Wilmington-Airborne
Seasonal: Baltimore, Tampa
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, New York–JFK, Rochester (NY)
FedEx Express Bridgeport, Indianapolis, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Newark, Portland (ME), Poughkeepsie (NY)
Seasonal: Albany, Buffalo, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Harrisburg, Los Angeles, Newburgh, Philadelphia
UPS Airlines Albany, Boston, Chicago/Rockford, Louisville, Newark, Ontario, Philadelphia, Providence, Syracuse
Seasonal: Buffalo, Columbia, Dallas/Fort Worth, Des Moines, Detroit, Harrisburg, Manchester (NH), New York–JFK, Portland (OR)

In addition to the regular cargo services described above, Bradley is occasionally visited by Antonov An-124 aircraft operated by Volga-Dnepr Airlines, and Antonov Airlines, transporting heavy cargo, such as Sikorsky helicopters or Pratt & Whitney engines internationally.

Military operations


Enplaned passenger statistics

Year Enplaned Passengers % Change Aircraft Movements % Change
1977[42] 2,900,000 n/a 70,000 n/a
2000[43] 3,651,943 n/a 169,736 n/a
2001[44] 3,416,243 Decrease 6.45% 165,029 Decrease 2.77%
2002[45] 3,221,081 Decrease 5.7% 146,592 Decrease 11.17%
2003[46] 3,098,556 Increase 1.8% 135,246 Decrease 3.8%
2004[47] 3,326,461 Increase 7.36% 144,870 Increase 7.11%
2005[48] 3,617,453 Increase 8.75% 156,090 Increase 7.7%
2006[49] 3,409,938 Decrease 5.74% 149,517 Decrease 30.3%
2007[50] 3,231,374 Decrease 5.2% 141,313 Decrease 5.48%
2008[51] 3,006,362 Decrease 6.96% 122,837 Decrease 13.0%
2009[52] 2,626,873 Decrease 12.62% 105,594 Decrease 14.03%
2010[53] 2,640,155 Increase 0.51% 103,516 Decrease 1.96%
2011[54] 2,772,315 Increase 5.01% 106,951 Decrease 3.31%
2012[55] 2,647,610 Decrease 4.50% 99,019 Decrease 7.41%
2013[56] 2,681,181 Increase 1.26% 95,963 Decrease 3.08%
2014[57] 2,913,380 Increase 8.66% 96,477 Increase 0.53%
2015[58] 2,926,047 Increase 0.43% 93,507 Decrease 3.07%
2016[59] 3,025,166 Increase 1.9%
2017[1] 3,214,976 Increase 6.3%
2018[60] 3,330,734 Increase 3.6%

Top destinations

Busiest domestic routes from BDL (May 2018 – April 2019)[4]
Rank Airport Enplaned Passengers Carriers
1 Orlando, Florida 321,550 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, Frontier
2 Atlanta, Georgia 312,060 Delta
3 Charlotte, North Carolina 269,800 American
4 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 257,080 American, United
5 Baltimore, Maryland 229,580 Southwest
6 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 206,740 JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
7 Tampa, Florida 170,220 JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
8 Washington–Dulles 151,650 United
9 Detroit, Michigan 147,550 Delta
10 Washington–National, D.C. 146,160 American

Airline market share

Largest Airlines at BDL (2018)[4][60]
Rank Airline Total Passengers
1 American Airlines 1,607,934
2 Southwest Airlines 1,550,453
3 Delta Air Lines 1,273,263
4 JetBlue 847,899
5 United Airlines 764,287
6 Spirit Airlines 471,277
7 Other Airlines 153,085


Airport construction

On July 3, 2012 the Connecticut Department of Transportation released an Environmental Assessment and Environmental Impact Evaluation,[61] detailing a proposal to replace the now-vacant Terminal B with updates and facilities intended to improve access and ease of use for Bradley travelers. The replacement proposal calls for:

  • Demolition of the Murphy Terminal and existing International Arrivals Building;
  • Construction of a new Terminal B, with two concourses containing a total of 19 gates, two of which could accommodate international widebody aircraft;
  • Inclusion of a new Federal Inspection Services facility within the new Terminal;
  • Construction of a new Central Utility Plant;
  • Relocation of the Terminal B arrival roadway and departure viaduct;
  • Realignment of Schoephoester Road; and
  • Construction of a new 7-level parking garage and consolidated car rental facility, adding 2,600 public parking spaces and 2,250 rental car spaces.

The proposal calls for a three-phase construction program:

  • Demolition of the existing Terminal B, realignment of surface roads and construction of the new garage/rental car facility would occur during the initial phase. The initial phase is estimated to cost between $630 million and $650 million.
  • Construction of part of Terminal B and its upper roadway would occur in a second phase, with an estimated completion date of 2018.
  • Construction of the final segment of Terminal B and its upper roadway would occur in a third phase, with an estimated completion date of 2028.

Actual completion dates could vary due to funding and demand, but as of May 2018 the project had not left the planning stage.[62]

Ground transportation


Amtrak and Hartford Line trains serve both the nearby Windsor Locks and Windsor stations.[63] As of 2018, weekday service includes eleven southbound trains and twelve northbound trains at Windsor Locks.[64]


Connecticut Transit route 34 provides local service connecting Bradley with Windsor and Hartford. Route 30 (the "Bradley Flyer") provides express service to downtown Hartford.[65]


The Connecticut Air National Guard 103d Airlift Wing leases 144 acres (0.58 km2) in the southwest corner of the airport for their Bradley ANG Base. The base is a designated Superfund site.[61]

Bradley has also been identified as one of the last remaining tracts of grassland in Connecticut suitable for a few endangered species of birds, including the upland sandpiper, the horned lark, and the grasshopper sparrow.[66]


In 2017, Bradley Airport was named 5th-best airport in the United States by Condé Nast Traveler's Reader's Choice Awards. Bradley scored well with readers in the categories of on-site parking, availability of charging stations and free Wi-Fi, decent restaurant options, and overall relaxed atmosphere.[67]

In 2018, Bradley Airport was named 3rd-best airport in the United States by Condé Nast Traveler's Reader's Choice Awards. Bradley scored well with readers in the categories of flight choices, on-site parking, availability of charging stations and free Wi-Fi, decent restaurant options, and overall relaxed atmosphere.[68]

Accidents and incidents

  • On March 4, 1953, a Slick Airways Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando N4717N on a cargo flight from New York-Idlewild Field crashed. Bradley was experiencing light rain and a low ceiling at the time of the incident. After being cleared to land on Runway 06, the pilot reported problems intercepting the localizer, and continued to circle down to get under the weather. The plane struck trees approximately 1.6 miles (2.6 km) southwest of the airport, killing the crew of two.[69]
  • On January 15, 1959, a USAF Douglas DC-4 impacted a wooded hillside in fog without the use of a compass during approach, the pilot survived, the co-pilot and mechanic were killed.[70]
  • On July 16, 1971, a Douglas C-47B N74844 of New England Propeller Service crashed on approach. The aircraft was on a ferry flight to Beverly Municipal Airport, Massachusetts when an engine lost power shortly after take-off due to water in the fuel. At the time of the accident, the aircraft was attempting to return to Bradley Airport. All 3 occupants survived.[71]
  • On June 4, 1984, a Learjet 23 operated by Air Continental crashed on approach to runway 33 due to asymmetric retraction of the spoilers, 2 crew and 1 passenger were killed.[72]
  • On May 3, 1991, a Ryan International (wet-leased by Emery Worldwide) Boeing 727-100QC, N425EX, caught fire during take-off. The take-off was aborted and the three crew members escaped, while the aircraft was destroyed by the fire. The fire was determined to have started in the number 3 engine. It was determined that the 9th stage HP compressor had ruptured.[73]
  • On November 12, 1995, American Airlines Flight 1572 crashed while trying to land at Bradley. The plane, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83, was substantially damaged when it impacted trees while on approach to runway 15 at Bradley International Airport. The airplane also impacted an instrument landing system antenna as it landed short of the runway on grassy, even terrain. The cause of the accident was determined to be the pilot's failure to reset the altimeter,[74] however, severe weather may have played a factor. One of the 78 passengers and 5 crew on board were injured.[75]
  • On January 21, 1998, a Continental Express ATR-42, N15827, had an emergency during roll on landing. During the landing roll, a fire erupted in the right engine. The airplane was stopped on the runway, the engines were shut down and the occupants evacuated. The fire handles for both engines were pulled and both fire bottles on the right engine discharged. However, the fire in the right engine continued to burn. The airport fire services attended shortly afterward and extinguished the fire.[76]
  • On October 2, 2019, a vintage Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress owned by the Collings Foundation carrying three crew and ten passengers crashed into deicing tanks and a shed while attempting an emergency landing and caught fire. Seven deaths and seven injuries were reported, including one person on the ground.[77] Witnesses reported that an engine failed upon takeoff and then the aircraft circled back at low altitude.[78]

See also

Previously marketed by defunct Skybus Airlines as "Hartford (Chicopee, MA)".


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External links

103d Airlift Wing

The 103d Airlift Wing (103 AW) is a unit of the Connecticut Air National Guard, stationed at Bradley Air National Guard Base at Bradley International Airport, Windsor Locks, Connecticut. If activated to federal service with the United States Air Force, the 103 AW is operationally-gained by the Air Mobility Command (AMC).The 103 AW was first activated in 1943 as the 324th Fighter Group of the United States Army Air Forces. During World War II, the 324th served in combat with Ninth Air Force and Twelfth Air Force, primarily in the Mediterranean, African, and Middle East Theater. It received two Distinguished Unit Citations for engagements in the Mediterranean and the French Croix de Guerre with Palm for supporting French forces during the campaigns for Italy and France from 1944 to 1945.

In 1946 the 324th Fighter Group was redesignated as the 103d Fighter Group and allotted to the National Guard.

The 118th Airlift Squadron, assigned to the wing's 103rd Operations Group, was first established during World War I as the 118th Aero Squadron on 31 August 1917. It was reformed on 1 November 1923, as the 118th Observation Squadron, and is one of the 29 original National Guard Observation Squadrons of the United States Army National Guard formed before World War II.

2019 Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress crash

On October 2, 2019, a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress owned by the Collings Foundation crashed at Bradley International Airport, Windsor Locks, Connecticut, United States. Seven of the thirteen people on board were killed, and the other six, as well as one person on the ground, were injured. The aircraft was destroyed by fire, with only the tail and a portion of one wing remaining.

American Airlines Flight 1572

American Airlines Flight 1572 was a flight from Chicago O'Hare International Airport to Bradley International Airport on November 12, 1995. The McDonnell Douglas MD-83 struck trees and an instrument landing system (ILS) antenna during landing, causing $9 million in damage to the aircraft.

Aroostook Airways

Aroostook Airways was an airline based in Presque Isle, Maine, United States, from 1969 to 1972. It offered commuter airline service throughout Maine, Boston, and Hartford's Bradley International Airport. The airline also offered charter and air ambulance service.

Bradley Airport Connector

The Bradley Airport Connector (also the Bradley Field Connector) is a 4.6-mile (7.4 km) expressway built to connect Bradley International Airport to Interstate 91 in Windsor, Connecticut. It begins at Exit 40 of I-91 and heads west as Route 20 along the town line between Windsor and Windsor Locks. The expressway then turns north, leaving Route 20 and becoming an unsigned state road (with designation Special Service Road 401) ending at the airport terminals.

On October 10, 1999, the Connector was named the "82nd Airborne Memorial Highway", in honor of the U.S. Army's 82nd Airborne Division. According to the Connecticut Department of Transportation, the expressway carries as many as 54,900 vehicles per day (as of 2007).

Bradley Field

Bradley Field may refer to several places:

Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut

Bradley Air National Guard Base, the military portion of Bradley International Airport

The baseball field at the Eastern Nazarene College in Quincy, Massachusetts

Connecticut Route 20

Route 20 is a 31.56-mile (50.79 km) state highway in the U.S. state of Connecticut. It extends from Route 8 in rural Winchester to I-91 in Windsor. Route 20 consists of two distinct sections: a long, winding, scenic rural road, and a section of the freeway linking I-91 to Bradley International Airport.

East Granby High School

East Granby High School is a public high school located in East Granby, Connecticut. The school has a grade range of 9-12. The total enrollment currently stands at 241. East Granby High School is the smallest public high school in Connecticut.

The East Granby school district is located in north central Connecticut in close proximity to Bradley International Airport. The smallest PK-12 district in the state of Connecticut, East Granby provides a comprehensive education to 900 students in four distinctive school settings. Classified by the Connecticut State Department of Education as a town in Demographic Reference Group "D", East Granby performs well on state assessments at all levels. Demographic Reference Groups, or DRGs, are groups of districts with similarities in student and family background characteristics. Placement in one of the nine DRGs is based on indicators of socioeconomic status, indicators of need and enrollment.

The building is connected to East Granby Middle School, and some of the teachers and classrooms are shared.

Farmington, Connecticut

Farmington is a town in Hartford County in the Farmington Valley area of central Connecticut in the United States. The population was 25,340 at the 2010 census. It sits 10 miles west of Hartford at the hub of major I-84 interchanges, 20 miles south of Bradley International Airport and two hours by car from New York City and Boston. It is home to the world headquarters of several large corporations including United Technologies, Otis Elevator Company, and Carvel. The northwestern section of Farmington has a Unionville suburban neighborhood.


FlightSimCon is an annual aviation and flight simulation conference held on the grounds of Hartford's Bradley International Airport, just north of Hartford, Connecticut. Until 2016, the event was held at the nearby New England Air Museum. The event has grown in size every year since its inception, from about 40 attendees in 2013 to over 320 in 2015. FlightSimCon 2016 was the fourth annual FlightSimCon event, and was held June 11–12, 2016, at the New England Air Museum. FlightSimCon 2016 saw over 520 people attend the event.FlightSimCon 2017 is scheduled for June 10-11, 2017.

Greater Hartford

Greater Hartford is a region located in the U.S. state of Connecticut, centered on the state's capital of Hartford. It represents the only combined statistical area in Connecticut defined by a city within the state, being bordered by the Greater Boston region to the northeast and New York metropolitan area to the south and west. Sitting at the southern end of the Metacomet Ridge, its geology is characterized by land of a level grade along the shores of Connecticut River Valley, with finer-grained soil than other regions in the state.

Hartford's role as a focal point for the American insurance industry is known nationally. The vibrant music and arts scene defines the region's culture. The region's economy is closely tied with Springfield, Massachusetts, as Hartford and Springfield are twin cities, only 25 miles apart. The area is served by Bradley International Airport as well as the smaller Hartford-Brainard Airport.

Greater Hartford (metropolitan area as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau), had a total population of 1,212,381 (2010 census).


The greater Hartford–Springfield area is an urban region and surrounding suburban areas that encompasses both north-central Connecticut and the southern Connecticut River Valley in western Massachusetts; its major city centers are Springfield, Massachusetts and Hartford, Connecticut.The area is also sometimes called the Knowledge Corridor, initially employed as a 2012 rename ("New England's Knowledge Corridor") for the Hartford–Springfield Economic Partnership, an interstate cooperative venture to foster an economic, cultural, and civic partnership between the two major cities on the Connecticut River. The term Knowledge Corridor has gained a degree of currency, mostly with some government organizations as well as local businesses and universities using the name. The New Haven–Springfield Line and Conn River Line form the primary rail route through the region, and are sometimes themselves called the Knowledge Corridor in planning documents.The Hartford–Springfield region is New England's most populous conurbation after Greater Boston, with approximately 1.9 million residents and 160,000 university students. The region also features "a dense concentration" of hospitals and over 29 universities and liberal arts colleges, including a large number of the United States' most prestigious higher-education institutions. The Knowledge Corridor includes surrounding cities such as Northampton and Amherst in the north, and New Britain and Middletown in the south.

Hartford and Springfield's urban cores lie only 23.9 miles (38.5 km) apart; however, their efforts to cooperate have long been hampered by state border issues, beginning with a lawsuit in 1638. Hartford's Bradley International Airport is the closest airport, which sits equidistant between them in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. The Hartford–Springfield Knowledge Corridor Partnership was formalized by regional civic, business, and education leaders in 2000 at the Big E in West Springfield.

List of Special Service Roads in Connecticut

In the U.S. state of Connecticut, state highways are grouped into signed routes, unsigned special service roads (SSR), and unsigned state roads (SR). Special service roads are roads that connect a federal or state facility (including state parks and some Interstate Highway interchanges) to a signed state route. Roads classified by the Connecticut Department of Transportation as special service roads are given an unsigned number designation between 400 and 1001.

New England Air Museum

The New England Air Museum (NEAM) is an aerospace museum located at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, U.S.A.. The museum consists of three display hangars and has additional storage-only hangars. It houses 66 aircraft, 26 helicopters, a variety of missiles, ejection seats, and other pieces of flight-related equipment. The museum also conducts tours, children's activities, and hosts special events.Exhibits include the history of Sikorsky Aircraft, computer-based flight simulators, and the 58th Bombardment Wing Memorial's B-29. Additionally, there are exhibits on early French aviation, the Tuskegee Airmen, the Kosciuszko Squadron, and the 57th Fighter Group.

The museum library has books, periodicals, technical manuals and National Air and Space Museum photographs. Additional materials such as photographs, microfilm and movies are cataloged by the Museum.The museum also restores aircraft on a regular basis, including a Lockheed Model 10 Electra, a Boeing B-29 Superfortress, and a Gee Bee Model R.

In previous years, the museum was home to FlightSimCon, an annual flight simulation conference. However, it has since moved to the nearby Sheraton Hotel at the airport.


Nine-O-Nine was a Boeing B-17G-30-BO Flying Fortress heavy bomber, of the 323rd Bomb Squadron, 91st Bomb Group, that completed 140 combat missions during World War II, believed to be the Eighth Air Force record for most missions, without loss to the crews that flew it. A different B-17G, painted to mimic the Nine-O-Nine, crashed at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut in October 2019.

Scott Frantz

L. Scott Frantz (born 1960) is a Connecticut, USA, politician, public official, and businessman, formerly serving as a member of the Connecticut Senate.Frantz, a Republican, was first elected to the Connecticut Senate in 2008, representing the 36th Senate District, which includes all of Greenwich and parts of Stamford and New Canaan. He lost to Greenwich Democrat Alexandra Bergstein in the 2018 election, ending a nearly 90-year Republican hold on the seat.Frantz also served as chairman of the Connecticut Development Authority and the Bradley International Airport Board of Directors. He also has served on number of other public and nonprofit boards, including the Connecticut Brownfield Redevelopment Authority, the Greenwich Teen Center and Corporate Angel Network.

He is also known as a prominent fundraiser for Republican candidates, including serving as the host for a 2006 Republican event featuring President George W. Bush. Frantz is the president and chairman of Haebler Capital, a private investment capital firm based in Greenwich.Frantz attended The Hotchkiss School, and he is a 1982 graduate of Princeton University and a 1986 graduate of Dartmouth's Tuck School of Business. He, his wife, and their four children reside in the Riverside section of Greenwich.

Springfield Airport (Massachusetts)

Springfield Airport was an airfield operational in the mid-20th century in Springfield, Massachusetts. Its market has been more recently served by the Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut.

Granville Brothers Aircraft was based at the airfield. The land is now occupied by a shopping center.

Windsor, Connecticut

Windsor is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, and was the first English settlement in the state. It lies on the northern border of Connecticut's capital, Hartford. The population of Windsor was 29,044 at the 2010 census.Poquonock is a northern area of Windsor that has its own zip code (06064) for post-office box purposes. Other unincorporated areas in Windsor include Rainbow and Hayden Station in the north, and Wilson and Deerfield in the south.

The Day Hill Road area is known as Windsor's Corporate Area, although other centers of business include New England Tradeport, Kennedy Industry Park and Kennedy Business Park, all near Bradley International Airport and the Addison Road Industrial Park.

Windsor Locks, Connecticut

Windsor Locks is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 12,498. It is the site of Bradley International Airport, which serves the Greater Hartford-Springfield region and occupies approximately 1/3 of the town. Windsor Locks is also the site of the New England Air Museum.

Located beside the Connecticut River and equidistant from the densely populated cities of Springfield, Massachusetts and Hartford, Connecticut, Windsor Locks is named for a set of canal locks that opened in 1829. Windsor Locks is situated just south of the first large falls in the Connecticut River, the Enfield Falls, which is the northernmost point that seagoing vessels can reach on the Connecticut River before transferring to smaller ships. The Enfield Falls Canal circumvents the Enfield Falls and its nearby shallows.

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