Brachyphyllum

Brachyphyllum is a form genus of fossil coniferous plant foliage. Plants of the genus have been variously assigned to several different conifer groups including Araucariaceae and Cheirolepidiaceae.[2] They are known from around the globe from the Late Carboniferous to the Late Cretaceous periods.[1]

Brachyphyllum
Temporal range: Carboniferous-Late Cretaceous
~300–66 Ma
Brachyphyllum (36275546803) (cropped)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Araucariaceae
Genus: Brachyphyllum
A. T. Brongniart 1828 [1]
Species
  • B. castatum
  • B. castilhoi
  • B. punctatum

Location of palaeontological sites

References

  1. ^ a b Brachyphyllum in the Paleobiology Database
  2. ^ Taylor, Edith L.; Taylor, Thomas N.; Krings, Michael (2009). Paleobotany: The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants. Academic Press. pp. 833–834, 844–845, 848. ISBN 9780080557830.
  3. ^ Programa Levantamentos Geológicos Básicos Do Brasil (Agudo)
  4. ^ Monje et al., 2016, p.38

Bibliography

Araucariaceae

Araucariaceae – also known as araucarians – is a very ancient family of coniferous trees. The family achieved its maximum diversity during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, when it was distributed almost worldwide.

Most of the Araucariaceae in the Northern Hemisphere vanished in the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, and they are now largely confined to the Southern Hemisphere, except for a few species of Agathis in Southeast Asia.

Chacarilla Formation

The Chacarilla Formation (Spanish: Formación Characilla) is an Oxfordian to Early Cretaceous geologic formation of the Tarapacá Basin in northern Chile, close to the border with Bolivia. The marine and fluvial formation preserves several dinosaur trackways and has been declared a Natural Sanctuary (Spanish: Santuario de la Naturaleza) in 2004.

Colchicum brachyphyllum

Colchicum brachyphyllum grows abundantly by the melting snow of the mountains of Lebanon. The preferred name is now C. szovitsii ssp. brachyphyllum.

The generic name of this flower comes from Colchis, a legendary kingdom east of the Black Sea, since this plant is poisonous and calls back to memory that Colchis had been the native country of Medea, the famous poisoner in antiquity. Brachyphyllum is formed from the Greek Brakhus, short, and phullon leaf. Meadow saffron has six stamens. This characteristic, among others, differentiates it from the crocus, which belongs to the Iridaceae family and has three stamens.

Conospermum brachyphyllum

Conospermum brachyphyllum is a shrub endemic to Western Australia.The open and non-lignotuberous shrub typically grows to a height of 0.45 to 1.0 metre (1.5 to 3.3 ft). It blooms between August and October producing white flowers.

It is found along the west coast areas of the Mid West and Wheatbelt regions of Western Australia from Irwin to Dandaragan where it grows in sandy soils over laterite and gravel.

Digitaria ciliaris

Digitaria ciliaris is a species of grass known by the common names southern crabgrass, tropical finger-grass, tropical crabgrass or summer grass.The grass is known as "ගුරු තණ - guru thana" in Sri Lanka.

Epidendrum dichotomum

Epidendrum dichotomum C.Presl (1827) is a member of the E. secundum group which can grow terrestrially, on rocks, and in trees. Kew accepts it as a separate species without any synonyms., as did H. G. Reichenbach (1861). In Schweinfurth (1960), E. dichotomum is the accepted name of a species distinct from E. secundum, but with several listed synonyms: E. brachyphyllum, E. lindenii, E. cuzcoense, E. tarmense, and E. inconstans. In Schweinfurth (1970), E. dichotomum is reduced to synonymy under E. secundum.

Epidendrum subsect. Tuberculata

Epidendrum subsect. Tuberculata is a subsection of the section Schistochila of the subgenus Amphiglottium Lindl. of the genus Epidendrum of the Orchidaceae. This subsection differs from the subsection Integra in that the margins of the trilobate lip are dentate or lacerate. This subsection differes from the subsection Carinata by possessing a callus, or tubercule on the midlobe of the lip. In 1861, Reichenbach recognized 22 species in this subsection. Many, but not all, have since been brought into synonymy with Epidendrum secundum. (Page numbers refer to Reichenbach, 1861.)

E. catillus Rchb.f. & Warsz.(1854) (p. 393-394)

E. cochlidium Lindl. (1841) (p. 393)

E. dichotomum Presl. (1827) (p. 392)

E. ellipticum Graham (1826) (p. 395)

E. ibaguense Kunth (1816) (p. 396)

E. panchrysum Rchb.f. & Warsz. (1854) (p. 397)

E. quitensium Rchb.f. (1862) (p. 392)

E. secundum Jacq.(1760) is not mentioned by name in Reichenbach 1861; the following synonyms (according to Kew) are:

E. ansiferum Rchb.f. & Warsz. (1854) (pp. 394–395)

E. brachyphyllum Lindl. (1853) (p. 392)

E. elongatum Jacq. (1789) (p. 295)

E. fastigiatum Lindl. (1853) p. 392 as syn. of E. quitensium Rchb.f.

E. fimbria Rchb.f. (1854) (p. 394)

E. gracilicaule Rchb.f. & Warsz. (1854) (p. 392)

E. incisum Rchb.f. & Warsz. (1854) nom. illeg. (p. 394)

E. lacerum Lindl. (1838) (p. 395-396)

E. lindenii Lindl. (1845) nom. illeg. (p. 393)

E. novogranatense Rchb.f. & Warsz. (1854) (p. 396)

E. socorrense Rchb.f. (p. 396-397)

E. spinescens Lindl. (1853) (p. 392)

E. tricrure Rchb.f. & Warsz. (1854) (p. 396)

E. xanthinum Lindl. (1844) (p. 395)

E. xytriophorum Rchb.f. & Warsz. (1854) (p. 394)

Hirmeriella

Hirmeriella is a genus of fossil tree, a conifer that was widespread in Late Triassic and Early Jurassic of Germany, the UK, and Poland. It is common in the fissure fills of Glamorgan, south Wales, where many of the UK's earliest mammal fossils have been found such as Morganucodon.The name Hirmeriella muensteri has now been used to describe the whole plant, but it may also specifically refer to fossils of female parts of the plant, while male parts of the conifer may be known by the scientific name Brachyphyllum muensteri, and fossils with neither gender parts have been known as Pagiophyllum. Hirmeriella is also known by the pseudonym Cheirolepis muensteri.Hirmeriella muensteri may have grown in dry, extreme conditions, and been fire tolerant, although other authors have cited evidence from water wicking leaves as signs they were found in humid, water rich environments.

Hypericum aethiopicum

Hypericum aethiopicum is a perennial herb in the genus Hypericum, in the section Adenosepalum. It is the type species of subsect. Aethiopicum.

Hypericum athoum

Hypericum athoum is a perennial herb in the genus Hypericum.

Hypericum atomarium

Hypericum atomarium is a perennial herb in the genus Hypericum. It stands 20-80 centimeters tall with flowers 1-2 centimeters in diameter.

Hypericum lacei

Hypericum lacei is a shrub in Hypericum sect. Ascyreia, in the St. John's Wort genus.

Hypericum russeggeri

Hypericum russeggeri is a species of shrub in the genus Hypericum and is the type species of sect. Adenotrias.

List of the Mesozoic life of North Carolina

This list of the Mesozoic life of North Carolina contains the various prehistoric life-forms whose fossilized remains have been reported from within the US state of North Carolina and are between 252.17 and 66 million years of age.

List of the Paleozoic life of Arizona

This list of the Paleozoic life of Arizona contains the various prehistoric life-forms whose fossilized remains have been reported from within the US state of Arizona and are between 541 and 252.17 million years of age.

Pseudognaphalium

Pseudognaphalium is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family.Members of the genus are commonly known as cudweeds or rabbit tobacco (P. obtusifolium is the original species with that name). They are widespread in temperate regions of many countries.Classification of a number of species is disputed between Pseudognaphalium and the related genus Gnaphalium.

Species

Rajmahal Traps

Rajmahal Traps is a volcanic igneous province in Eastern India, covering the parts of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Meghalaya. The Rajmahal Hills of Jharkhand is the type area of this province. Multiple layers of solidified lava made the 608-metre-thick (1,995 ft) Rajmahal Traps which are dipping 2°-5° towards the north-east. Individual layers vary in thickness from less than one metre (3 ft 3 in) to more than 70 metres (230 ft).

Xerospermum

Xerospermum is a genus of plants of the family Sapindaceae, containing 28 known species.

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