Brabrand Lake

Brabrand Lake (Danish: Brabrand-søen or Brabrand Sø) is a lake in the district of Brabrand (Gellerup), west of Aarhus city, Denmark. The Aarhus River passes through Brabrand Lake and it is possible to canoe all the way to the inner city from here. The lake is oblong-shaped.

Since 2003, Brabrand Lake has been steadily extended 3–4 km further west, with the new lake of Årslev Engsø (lit.: Årslev meadow-lake). In 2001–2, it was politically decided to abandon the artificial draining of the meadows and as of 2013, Årslev meadow lake has a surface area of around 100 hectares (250 acres). The total area including adjoining meadows and reed beds totals 240 hectares (590 acres). It is hoped that Eurasian bittern and otter will find themselves a new home here with time.[1] In everyday parlance, "Brabrand Lake" is a general term including the surroundings as well, indicating a total area of around 560 hectares (1,400 acres) with 253 hectares (630 acres) for the lake alone.

A special Natura2000 protected area under the European Union,[2] Brabrand Lake is home to a large variety of birds and an important resting place for migrating birds,[3] with several towers built to facilitate bird-watching. A public hiking trail surrounds the lake, whose landscape varies from wide meadows and reed beds to dense woods. Privately-owned pastures almost completely surround the lake and are not publicly accessible, but public paths leading to the lake are scattered in between. There are several garden allotments ("kolonihaver" in Danish) near Brabrand Lake and it is a popular recreational spot. It is a statutory goal of the Aarhus municipality to make the area publicly accessible and attractive to the public.[4]

Brabrand Lake
Brabrand Sø (maj) 01
Brabrand Lake in May
LocationMidtjylland
Coordinates56°08′42″N 10°07′12″E / 56.145°N 10.120°ECoordinates: 56°08′42″N 10°07′12″E / 56.145°N 10.120°E
Typetunnel valley
Primary inflowsAarhus River, Døde Å, Voldbækken, Lyngbygård Å, Madsesbæk, Kildebæk.
Primary outflowsAarhus River
Catchment area282 km2 (109 sq mi)
Surface area2.53 km2 (0.98 sq mi)
Brabrand Lake: 1.53 km2 (0.59 sq mi)
Årselv Engsø: 1.00 km2 (0.39 sq mi)
Average depthBrabrand Lake: 1.1 m (3.6 ft)
Årslev Engsø: 0.5 m (1.6 ft)
Max. depthBrabrand Lake: 2.7 m (8.9 ft)
Årslev Engsø: 2 m (6.6 ft)
Shore length116.5 km (10.3 mi)
Brabrand Lake: 8 km (5.0 mi)
Årselv Engsø: 8.5 km (5.3 mi)
Surface elevation0.63 m (2.1 ft)
SettlementsAarhus
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Activities and sports

Brabrandstien i Juni
Brabrandstien (1956) is a pathway running from the inner city of Aarhus and encircling both Brabrand Sø and Årslev Engsø. It is c. 26 km long.

Brabrandstien (lit.: the Brabrand pathway), which runs along the Aarhus river from the inner city and around both Brabrand Sø and Årslev Engsø, was established by the City Council in 1956 as a labor project for the unemployed, to give the public better access to green space. The pathway is c. 26 km long, with 9.5 km for Brabrand Lake alone. With the addition of Årslev Engsø, the pathway grew another 8 km. A large part of Brabrandstien is asphalted and is popular for cycling, rollerskating and jogging. Some of the graveled western parts are used for horseback riding. Cars are not allowed and motor vehicles are restricted. Brabrandstien is part of the Aarhus-Silkeborg hiking trail.[5][6][7]

On the northern bank of Brabrand Lake lies the facilities of Brabrand Rostadion (Brabrand Rowing Stadium). The stadium was established in 1952 and was heavily renovated and rebuilt in the year 2010. C. F. Møller Architects was the architectural firm behind the new buildings.[8] Local rowing and kayaking clubs have used the lake for practice and larger regattas for many years. Rocenter Aarhus RCA (Aarhus Rowing Center) is located here, offering qualified training for rowers and clubs in East and South Jutland on all levels (including elite) and for all ages. There is a 2,000 m racing track on Brabrand Lake and it is generally perceived as very good for outrigger racing, but other types of boats are also rowed here, including kayaks.[9][10][11] Aarhus Roklub (Aarhus Rowing Club), based here, have scored several prestigious medals. In 2005, Maria Pertl won silver in the World Rowing Championships in collaboration with Juliane Elander Rasmussen. In 2011, Andrej Lawaetz Bendtsen won gold at the WRC for seniors in a team of four.[12]

Environmental projects

The lake is not very deep and has suffered from eutrophication for many years. The excessive nutrients originate from waste water and agricultural activities and pose a constant environmental threat to the surrounding ecology and the Bay of Aarhus. Eutrophication is a common problem all over the developed world. Starting in 1959 with 158 hectares, several environmental projects have aimed to alleviate the environmental burdens and at the same time maintain the aesthetic value of the lake and surrounding areas. These projects includes mud pumping of the lakebed and willow afforestations. Also, the local water company Aarhus Vand A/S began extracting phosphor from wastewater in 2013 at a water treatment plant in Åby close to the lake. Phosphor is a key element in the eutrophication process but a valuable resource on its own and the water treatment plant is among only a few in the world to engage with this.[13][14] It is hoped that the rich fen ecology which formerly characterized the lake, and is a threatened nature-type in general, can be restored in the future.[2][15][16]

The groundwater beneath and adjoining Brabrand Lake is very important, as it provides drinking water to more than 100,000 people in the greater Aarhus area. Acting partly on this fact, the lake water was also included in a large water treatment project led by Aarhus Vand A/S from 2006 to 2013. The project involved the Brabrand Lake, the Aarhus River and the Aarhus habour, budgeted at 45 million.[17] As a result, the waters in Brabrand Lake and the Aarhus River attained bathing quality in September 2012.[18][19]

Special flora and fauna

Many species of flora and fauna at Brabrand Lake are either rare or relatively rare in Denmark and on the Danish Red List (under IUCN Red List). Some also are protected under different habitat directives of the EU. Here are a few examples:[3]

Apart from these rarer species, the Brabrand Lake area is characterized by many common species living here, mostly birds, insects and aquatic plants.

Archaeological finds

The area around Brabrand Lake has been populated for at least 6,000 years. In prehistoric times, Brabrand Lake was part of a deep brackish water fjord, offering natural protection and food in abundance. There were archaeological excavations here as early as 1903, revealing early Stone Age settlements and activities from the Ertebølle Culture. The Brabrand Lake area is still an active archaeological site today and has revealed Bronze Age settlements and Viking activities such as a large shipbuilding yard. [22] [23] [24]

Gallery

Brabrand Sø mod øst

Eastward view from a birdwatching tower.

At Brabrand Lake

Brabrand Lake on a grey foggy day in December.

Både ved Brabrand Sø

A berth.

Fugletårnet (Sølyst)

Birdwatching tower

Tårnet

The observation tower at the rowing stadium.

Brabrand Sø (maj) 02

Pasture meadows with grazing cattle.

Summers eve at Årslev Engsø

View across the newly-formed Årslev Engsø on a summer's eve.

Path ahead

The graveled hiking trail south of Årslev Engsø.

Sunset at the lake

Sunset, windy weather and rainclouds across the lake.

References

  1. ^ "The Årslev Engsø project". Aarhus municipality. Archived from the original on 2012-01-03.
  2. ^ a b "Natura2000 Plan 233". Danish Nature Agency. Archived from the original on 2012-09-03.
  3. ^ a b "List of Species". Fugle&Natur (Naturbasen ApS and Natural History Museum Aarhus).
  4. ^ Accessibility to urban-close nature Archived 2014-02-03 at the Wayback Machine Aarhus municipality
  5. ^ Mogens Weinrich (13 November 2000). "The history of a pathway" (in Danish). Jyllands-Posten. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  6. ^ "A Layby at Brabrandstien" (in Danish). Aarhusportalen.dk. 7 July 2005. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Vandreruten Århus-Silkeborg" (in Danish). Århus Amt, Natur- og Miljøkontore. 16 March 2009. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  8. ^ Brabrand Rostadion C. F. Møller
  9. ^ The new 'Brabrand Rostadion' is inaugurated Thursday Aarhus Municipality (22.09.2010)
  10. ^ Aarhus Rostadion, Brabrand A meta-site on the rowing activities associated with Brabrand Rostadion.
  11. ^ Brabrand Rostadion Homepage under the Aarhus Studentclub
  12. ^ WC gold to Aarhus rower Lokalavisen Aarhus (25th of July 2011)
  13. ^ "From wastewater to valuable fertiliser". Aarhus Vand. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  14. ^ "Åby Renseanlæg skal lave supergødning" [Åby treatment plant to make superfertilizer] (in Danish). Århus Stiftstidende. 3 June 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  15. ^ "Brabrand Lake". VisitDenmark. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  16. ^ "The struggle for life in Aarhus Bay". The Danish Society for Nature Conservation.
  17. ^ "Renere vand i havn, å og søer" [Cleaner water in harbour, stream and lakes] (in Danish). Aarhus Vand. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  18. ^ Birgitte Skjøtt (25 September 2012). "Aarhus Vand fejrede god vandkvalitet i Aarhus Å og Brabrand Sø med OL-roere" [Aarhus Vand celebrated good water quality in Aarhus River and Brabrand Lake with Olympic rowers] (in Danish). DANVA. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  19. ^ Safeguarding the Bathing Water Quality of the Stream Aarhus Å State of Green ‹See Tfd›(in English)
  20. ^ "Habitat species (in Denmark)". Naturbasen ApS and Natural History Museum Aarhus.
  21. ^ "The IUCN Red List on Pond Bats".‹See Tfd›(in English)
  22. ^ Haugsted, E. et al. (1947); "Bopladsen på Rugholm. Aarhus Museums Undersøgelser ved Østenden af Brabrand Sø 1944-45.". About the archaeological examinations of the Rugholm settlement. ‹See Tfd›(in Danish)
  23. ^ Troels-Smith, J. (1937); "Pollenanalytisk Datering af Brabrand-Fundet.", Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelser. IV Rk., Bd. 2, Nr. 16, s. 5-23. A pollen-analytical dating of archaeological finds near Brabrand Lake. ‹See Tfd›(in Danish)
  24. ^ The Brabrand Fjord in the Stone Age (map) Jyllands Posten (COWI, Uffe Rasmussen, Moesgård Museum) ‹See Tfd›(in Danish)

External links

Media related to Brabrand Lake at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to Årslev Engsø at Wikimedia Commons

Aarhus (river)

The Aarhus (Danish: Århus Å) is a 40-kilometre (25 mi) long river or stream, in eastern Jutland, Denmark.

The Aarhus flows through the large river valley of Aarhus Ådal. The valley itself stretches from Silkeborg to the coastal city of Aarhus, but the river only runs through the easternmost parts. The river drains a basin of 324 square kilometres (125 sq mi) in the eastern part of Søhøjlandet and discharges into the Bay of Aarhus which is an embayment of the Kattegat. It originates 54 metres (177 ft) above sea level in the swampy bogland of Astrup Mose close to Stilling-Solbjerg Lake, southwest of the city of Aarhus (56°6' northern latitude, 10°9' eastern longitude) and exits into Aarhus Harbour at 56°9' northern latitude, 10°13' eastern longitude. The river defines the border between Skanderborg and Aarhus Municipality during its first few kilometres.

Brabrand

Brabrand (Danish pronunciation: [ˈpʁaːpʁanˀ]) is a postal district of Aarhus Municipality, Denmark. South of Brabrand, in the Aarhus river-valley, is the largest recreational area of Aarhus Municipality, comprising the Brabrand Lake and the meadow-lake of Årslev, with surrounding natural sites.

Brabrand Church

Brabrand Church (Danish: Brabrand Kirke) is a church located in Brabrand Parish in Aarhus, Denmark. The church is situated in the neighbourhood Brabrand by Brabrand Lake, west of Midtbyen. The church was originally devoted to St. Martin but is today a parish church in the Church of Denmark, serving a parish population of 6.962 (2015). The Brabrand Church pastorate is shared with the South Aarslev Church to the west. The resistance fighter Alf Tolboe Jensen, executed during the Second World War, is interred in the church cemetery.

Constantinsborg

Constantinsborg is a manor in Aarhus Municipality, Denmark which has existed since at least 1400. The manor is situated at the southern shore of Årslev Engsø; a newly created nature site and shallow lake extension of the Brabrand Lake, in Viby J 10 km. south-west of Aarhus. The manor and estate is today privately owned and operated as a farm. Constantinsborg was originally known as Stadsgaard but was later renamed for Constantin Marselis who owned the estate in the 1600s. In the 1800s the Pontoppidan-family owned the estate and came to have a large impact on Danish agriculture and the transformation of the moors in Jutland to agricultural land. The main manor building was constructed in the early 1800s while adjoining farm buildings date back to 1870 and the 20th century.

Geding Lake

Geding Lake (Danish: Geding Sø) is a lake west of the Aarhus suburb of Tilst in Aarhus Municipality, Denmark. The stream Egå and the Egå river valley begins here. The lake is bounded by the Aarhus-Randers Rail Line to the west.

Geding Lake is also known under the older name Gjeding Sø. The lake is connected to a myth and folk story stating that Geding Lake, Brabrand Lake and Lading Lake was created during a battle between two giants that lived in the hills Hasle Høj and Borum Eshøj.Until 1997, the hills on the eastern side of the lake were used for skiing including a ski lift provided by Aarhus SKi Club, but due to lack of snow for years these activities have stopped.

Højen 13

Højen 13 is a villa and listed building in Aarhus, Denmark. The villa was built in 1958 and was listed in the Danish registry of protected buildings and places by the Danish Heritage Agency on 11 January 2008. The house was built by the architect Knud Friis as his home and study on a hill overlooking Brabrand Lake in the Brabrand suburb.Knud Friis owned the architect firm Friis & Moltke with his partner Elmar Moltke and they collaborated on most of their projects including their private residences in the Aarhus area. In 1957 Knud Friis and his wife bought a 3000 m2 parcel of land on top of a hill overlooking Brabrand Lake and decided to build their new home there. The original house was built in 1958 and consisted of two parallel wings oriented north to south and connected by two walls that isolates a paved courtyard between the structures. The structure of the main building is formed by the two white garden walls which carry the 1st floor concrete walls which appear like free hanging beams along the width of the garden.The main building is in two floors with kitchen, dining room, bath and guest rooms on the ground floor while the living room, bedroom and study were on the 1st floor while the other wing contained the garage and shed. In 1970 the villa was expanded with a third partially submerged wing to the east, separated from the main building by a skylight column. Most rooms were moved to this new wing leaving more space for other activities in the main building.The villa is an example of brutalist architecture. The walls are of raw concrete with visible marks from formwork boards, the doors and windows are very noticeable and kept in blue and the floors are paved with rock or linoleum. The raw appearance is appeased by the hilly and lush surroundings high above the lake.

Jarlsminde

Jarlsminde is a farm and a listed building in Aarhus, Denmark. The farm was built in 1798 and was listed in the Danish national registry of protected buildings and places by the Danish Heritage Agency on 3 June 1997. The farm is situated in the suburb Stavtrup about 7-8 km. south-west of the city centre of Aarhus where it sits on a hill with a view of Brabrand Lake and the large urban areas on the other side of it.The farm was originally built for Countess Wedel-Jarlsberg. The farm consists of the main two-story building and an outbuilding. The main building was constructed in 1798 and lightly remodeled in 1820. The center of the building is split in a small living room with an adjacent garden room. The eastern section has one large room while the western part is divided in a kitchen and two smaller rooms. From the central living room stairs adorned with classical balusters lead to the upper floor which has a bathroom and a number of smaller rooms. The house contains an iron stove from Bærum Ironworks in Norway from 1820.The main building is painted white with red winged brick. Cornices of masonry drape around the building on all sides and the roof on the gables are half-hipped while the dormers are hipped. The outbuilding is constructed of boulders with gables of yellow brick and contains a preserved bakery with oven and a partially buried milking room.

List of protected areas of Aarhus Municipality

This list of protected areas in Aarhus Municipality lists protected areas in Aarhus Municipality, Denmark. Three protections in the municipality are shared with adjacent Skanderborg Municipality.

Aarhus Municipality holds a total of four Natura2000 in-land protections of international importance. There is also a sea-area Natura2000 protection in the Bay of Aarhus at the Mejlflak reef.

Of the other protections within the municipality, most of the older ones are grounded in attempts at protecting scenic landscape values or securing public access, while more recent protections are mostly based in protecting biodiversity and threatened habitats.

Marienlyst Park

Marienlyst Park (Danish: Marienlystparken) is a public park in Hasle in the Aarhus V district, north-west Aarhus, Denmark. The park is situated west of the Herredsvang neighborhood along the street Fjældevænget Busvej to the south and Brendstrup Forest to the west. Marienlyst Park is one of the largest parks in Aarhus and features both landscaped lawns and artificial forested hills. Facilities include an amphitheatre, soccer fields, playgrounds and a 6-hole golf course. Marienlyst Park was established in connection with the development of western Hasle in the 1970s and today forms part of a green corridor extending from Vestereng to Brabrand Lake. The park is owned by Aarhus Municipality and is managed by the municipal department Natur og Miljø (Nature and Environment). Marienlyst Park can be rented for public events.The largest areas in Marienlyst Park are landscaped and managed, such as grass lawns and soccer fields, but there are some areas intentionally left to grow wilder. Artificial hills have been created from surplus soil from construction projects and are now left to grow as small managed forests. The park includes two marked running tracks of 1500 and 3000 meters. In addition Marienlyst Golf Club maintains a 6-hole short-golf course, accessible through an introductory course in the club.

Ormslev

Ormslev is a small village in Aarhus Municipality, Central Denmark Region in Denmark with 349 inhabitants in 2015.Ormslev is 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) west of Aarhus city, between the settlements of Stavtrup (4 km (2.5 mi) east), Hasselager (4 km (2.5 mi) southeast) and Harlev (8 km (5.0 mi) west). It is on the southern slopes of the broad and flat Aarhus Ådal river valley, overlooking the Brabrand Lake and Aarhus River.

The lake and natural site of Årslev Engsø is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) northeast of Ormslev, including the historic manor of Constantinsborg. Route E45 passes by immediately west of Ormslev. Further west, about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi), is Aarhus Aadal Golf Club.

Shit

Shit is a word generally considered to be vulgar and profane in Modern English. As a noun, it refers to fecal matter, and as a verb it means to defecate; in the plural ("the shits"), it means diarrhoea. Shite is a common variant in British and Irish English. As a slang term, it has many meanings, including: nonsense, foolishness, something of little value or quality, trivial and usually boastful or inaccurate talk or a contemptible person. It could also be used to refer to any other noun in general or as an expression of annoyance, surprise or anger.

Stavtrup

Stavtrup is a western suburb of Aarhus in Denmark. It is located 7 km from the city centre and has a population of 3,729 (1 January 2010). Since 1 January 2011, Stavtrup is officially a part of Aarhus' urban area under the postal district of Viby J.

Stavtrup is largely a residential area and there is easy access to the nature around Brabrand Lake.

Åparken

Åparken (The River-park) is a public park in central Aarhus, Denmark. The park is situated by the Aarhus River in the Vesterbro neighborhood in Midtbyen close to CeresByen, bounded by the streets Carls Blochs Gade and Thorvaldsensgade. The park is divided by a central pedestrian pathway which runs from the urban center and connects to the recreational path Brabrandstien towards the west, circumventing Brabrand Lake area. Åparken is the first of a number of green areas extending from the city centre along the river and the pathway of Brabrandstien. The long distance "Aarhus-Silkeborg hiking route" starts off from Åparken.

The park is an open grassy area with a few trees and raised flower beds of mixed wildflower. The park contains a number of recreational and play facilities, including a slack lining, hammocks, climbing walls and a berth for canoes, kayaks or general recreation has been constructed at the river. The park is also home to Folkestedet, a municipal community house and organization, aiming to provide facilities for clubs and organizations in the city. Aarhus Tech runs a café here.The park was developed partially on top of an underground municipal water reservoir, constructed in 2008-2011. The basin is part of a series of underground reservoirs and a larger effort by the municipality to deal with the increased and increasing levels of rainfall due to climate change. The reservoir can hold 15,000 m3 of water from the river.

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