Bovillae

Bovillae was an ancient town in Lazio, central Italy, currently part of Frattocchie frazione in the municipality of Marino.

Apotheosis Homer BM 2191
Apotheosis of Homer by Archelaus of Priene. Originally on the Via Appia in Bovillae, now in the British Museum.

Overview

Bovillae was a station on the Via Appia (which in 293 BC was already paved up to this point), located c. 11 miles (18 km) south-east of Rome. It was a colony of Alba Longa, and appears as one of the thirty cities of the Latin league. After the destruction of Alba Longa in 658 BC the sacra were, it was held, transferred to Bovillae, including the cult of Vesta (in inscriptions virgines Vestales Albanae are mentioned, and the inhabitants of Bovillae are always spoken of as Albani Longani Bovillenses) and that of the gens Iulia. The existence of this hereditary worship led to an increase in its importance when the Julian house rose to the highest power in the state. The horsemen met Augustus's dead body at Bovillae on its way to Rome, and in 16 AD the shrine of the family worship was dedicated anew[1] and yearly games in the circus instituted, probably under the charge of the sodales Augustales, whose official calendar has been found here.[2]

Bovillae appears as the scene of the quarrel between Milo and Clodius, in which the latter, whose villa lay above the town on the left of the Via Appia, was killed. The site is not naturally strong, and remains of early fortifications cannot be traced. It may be that Bovillae took the place of Alba Longa as a local centre after the destruction of the latter by Rome, which would explain the deliberate choice of a strategically weak position.[2]

Remains of the circus built there by Tiberius in 14 AD in honor of Augustus can still be seen at 41°45′27″N 12°37′18″E / 41.7574993°N 12.621679°E (use satellite image sites e.g. Wikimapia), and of an octagonal mausoleum, on the edge of the Via Appia. There were once also a theatre and a schola actorum ("actor's school"), identified by an inscription found in the neighbourhood, and, probably, a temples dedicated to Veiovis, a divinity associated to the gens Iulia.

Coordinates: 41°45′54″N 12°36′47″E / 41.7651021°N 12.613163°E

Notes

  1. ^ It is not likely that any remains of it now exist (Ashby 1911, p. 338).
  2. ^ a b Ashby 1911, p. 338.

References

Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainAshby, Thomas (1911). "Bovillae" . In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 338.

External links

Anna Perenna

Anna Perenna was an old Roman deity of the circle or "ring" of the year, as the name (per annum) clearly indicates. Her festival fell on the Ides of March (March 15), which would have marked the first full moon in the year in the old lunar Roman calendar when March was reckoned as the first month of the year, and was held at the grove of the goddess at the first milestone on the Via Flaminia. It was much frequented by the city plebs.Macrobius records that offerings were made to her ut annare perannareque commode liceat, i.e. "that the circle of the year may be completed happily" and that people sacrificed to her both publicly and privately. Johannes Lydus says that public sacrifice and prayers were offered to her to secure a healthy year. Ovid in his Fasti (3.523f) provides a vivid description of the revelry and licentiousness of her outdoor festival where tents were pitched or bowers built from branches, where lad lay beside lass, and people asked that Anna bestow as many more years to them as they could drink cups of wine at the festival.

Battle of Bovillae

The Battle of Bovillae was a term that Cicero used to describe a fight between the gangs of Clodius and Milo on January 18, 52 BC. The two were bitter political rivals—Clodius was a candidate for the praetorship and Milo the consulship. They met by accident on the road near Bovillae, both being accompanied by armed supporters. In the fighting that ensued, Clodius was killed, setting off a storm of violence in Rome.

Boville

Boville may refer to some places in the Italian region of Lazio:

Boville Ernica, a municipality in the Province of Frosinone

Boville (Marino), a civil parish of Marino, in the Province of Rome; autonomous municipality from 1993 to 1995

Bovillae, ancient town of Latium, currently part of Marino, in the Province of Rome

Canthydrus

Canthydrus is a genus of beetles in the family Noteridae, containing the following species:

Canthydrus alluaudi Régimbart, 1906

Canthydrus andobonensis Guignot, 1960

Canthydrus angustus Guignot, 1957

Canthydrus antonellae Toledo, 2003

Canthydrus apicicornis Régimbart, 1895

Canthydrus arabicus Sharp, 1882

Canthydrus bakeri Peschet, 1921

Canthydrus bellus Régimbart, 1895

Canthydrus birmanicus Guignot, 1956

Canthydrus bisignatus Wehncke, 1883

Canthydrus blanditus Guignot, 1959

Canthydrus bovillae Blackburn, 1890

Canthydrus buqueti (Laporte, 1835)

Canthydrus concolor Sharp, 1882

Canthydrus diophthalmus (Reiche & Saulcy, 1855)

Canthydrus edanus Guignot, 1953

Canthydrus ephemeralis Watts, 2001

Canthydrus festivus Régimbart, 1888

Canthydrus flammulatus Sharp, 1882

Canthydrus flavomaculatus Gschwendtner, 1930

Canthydrus flavosignatus Régimbart, 1903

Canthydrus flavus (Motschulsky, 1855)

Canthydrus gibberosus Guignot, 1951

Canthydrus gracilis Bilardo & Rocchi, 1990

Canthydrus guttula (Aubé, 1838)

Canthydrus haagi (Wehncke, 1876)

Canthydrus imitator Guignot, 1942

Canthydrus irenicus Guignot, 1955

Canthydrus koppi Wehncke, 1883

Canthydrus laccophiloides Gschwendtner, 1930

Canthydrus laetabilis (Walker, 1858)

Canthydrus luctuosus (Aubé, 1838)

Canthydrus maculatus Wehncke, 1883

Canthydrus minutus Régimbart, 1895

Canthydrus moneres Guignot, 1955

Canthydrus morsbachi (Wehncke, 1876)

Canthydrus morulus Omer-Cooper, 1931

Canthydrus natalensis J.Balfour-Browne, 1939

Canthydrus nigerrimus Omer-Cooper, 1957

Canthydrus nitidulus Sharp, 1882

Canthydrus notula (Erichson, 1843)

Canthydrus octoguttatus Zimmermann, 1921

Canthydrus politus (Sharp, 1873)

Canthydrus procurvus Guignot, 1942

Canthydrus proximus Sharp, 1882

Canthydrus pseudomorsbachi Vazirani, 1969

Canthydrus quadriguttatus Guignot, 1955

Canthydrus quadrivittatus (Boheman, 1848)

Canthydrus rasilis Guignot, 1942

Canthydrus ritsemae (Régimbart, 1880)

Canthydrus rocchii Wewalka, 1992

Canthydrus rossanae Bilardo & Rocchi, 1987

Canthydrus rubropictus Régimbart, 1895

Canthydrus ruficollis Régimbart, 1895

Canthydrus sedilloti Régimbart, 1895

Canthydrus semperi (Wehncke, 1876)

Canthydrus sepulcralis Guignot, 1956

Canthydrus serialis Fauvel, 1883

Canthydrus testaceus (Boheman, 1858)

Canthydrus ugandae J.Balfour-Browne, 1939

Canthydrus uniformis Zimmermann, 1921

Canthydrus verbekei Guignot, 1959

Canthydrus weisei (Wehncke, 1876)

Canthydrus xanthinus Régimbart, 1895

Castra Albana

The Castra Albana [ˈkastra alˈbaːna] was a permanent legionary fortress of the Legio II Parthica, founded by the Emperor Septimius Severus (193-211) on the modern site of Albano Laziale. Today, the ruins of the structures inside the castra, such as the so-called Baths of Caracalla and the Amphitheatre represent one of the largest collections of Roman archaeological remains in Latium, outside of Rome.

Circus (building)

The Roman circus (from Latin, "circle") was a large open-air venue used for public events in the ancient Roman Empire. The circuses were similar to the ancient Greek hippodromes, although circuses served varying purposes and differed in design and construction. Along with theatres and amphitheatres, Circuses were one of the main entertainment sites of the time. Circuses were venues for chariot races, horse races, and performances that commemorated important events of the empire were performed there.

According to Edward Gibbon, in Chapter XXXI of his work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, the Roman people, at the start of the 5th century:

...still considered the Circus as their home, their temple, and the seat of the republic.

Clivina bovillae

Clivina bovillae is a species of ground beetle in the subfamily Scaritinae. It was described by Blackburn in 1890.

Cyrus (architect)

Cyrus (d. 52 BC) was an architect at Rome from before 60 BC to his death in 52. He was an acquaintance of and erstwhile builder for Cicero and his family, and his unexpected death on January 18, 52 BC, is said to have brought about one of the most tumultuous events of the late Republic, the murder of Publius Clodius Pulcher, which took place on the same day.

Etruscan cities

Etruscan cities were a group of ancient settlements that shared a common Etruscan language and culture, even though they were independent city-states. They flourished over a large part of the northern half of Italy starting from the Iron Age, and in some cases reached a substantial level of richness and powerfulness. They were eventually assimilated first by Italics in the south, then by Celts in the north and finally in Etruria itself by the growing Roman Republic.

The Etruscan names of the major cities whose names were later Romanised survived in inscriptions and are listed below. Some cities were founded by Etruscans in prehistoric times and bore entirely Etruscan names. Others, usually Italic in origin, were colonised by the Etruscans, who in turn Etruscanised their name.

The estimates for the populations of the largest cities (Veii, Volsinii, Caere, Vulci, Tarquinia, Populonia) range between 25,000 and 40,000 each in the 6th century BC.

Julia (gens)

The gens Julia or Iulia was one of the most ancient patrician families at Ancient Rome. Members of the gens attained the highest dignities of the state in the earliest times of the Republic. The first of the family to obtain the consulship was Gaius Julius Iulus in 489 BC. The gens is perhaps best known, however, for Gaius Julius Caesar, the dictator, and grand uncle of the emperor Augustus, through whom the name was passed to the so-called Julio-Claudian dynasty of the 1st century AD. The nomen Julius became very common in imperial times, as the descendants of persons enrolled as citizens under the early emperors began to make their mark in history.

Lucius Vitellius the Younger

Lucius Vitellius Novis or the Younger (died 11 July 69) was a Roman senator who lived in the 1st century. He was the second son of Lucius Vitellius the elder and Sextilia, and younger brother of emperor Aulus Vitellius. Lucius was suffect consul in the nundinium of July-December 48 with Gaius Vipstanus Messalla Gallus as his colleague.His first wife in 46 or 47 was Junia Calvina, a descendant of the Emperor Augustus, but they divorced before 49. The second wife of Vitellius was Triaria. He had no issue from either of his marriages.

Marino, Lazio

Marino (Latin: Marinum or Castrimoenium, local Romanesco: Marini) is an Italian city and comune in Lazio (central Italy), on the Alban Hills, Italy, 21 kilometres (13 miles) southeast of Rome, with a population of 37,684 and a territory of 26.10 square kilometres (10.08 sq mi). It is bounded by other communes, Castel Gandolfo, Albano Laziale, Rocca di Papa, Grottaferrata, and Ciampino. Marino is famous for its white wine, and for its Grape Festival, which has been celebrated since 1924.

Rasinia gens

The gens Rasinia was an obscure plebeian family at ancient Rome. Hardly any members of this gens are mentioned in history, but a number are known from inscriptions. In imperial times a Gaius Rasinius Silo was governor of Noricum.

Sabucia gens

The gens Sabucia was a minor plebeian family at ancient Rome. Members of this gens are first mentioned in imperial times. The most illustrious of the family was Gaius Sabucius Major Caecilianus, who obtained the consulship in AD 186. Other Sabucii are known from inscriptions.

Tabula iliaca

A Tabula Iliaca ("Iliadic table") is a generic label for a calculation of the days of the Iliad, probably by Zenodotus, of which twenty-two fragmentary examples are now known. The Tabulae Iliacae are pinakes of early Imperial date, which all seem to have come from two Roman workshops, one of which seems to have been designed to satisfy a clientele of more modest aspirations.

Titus Annius Milo

Titus Annius Milo Papianus () was a Roman political agitator. The son of Gaius Papius Celsus, he was adopted by his maternal grandfather, Titus Annius Luscus. In 52 BC, he was prosecuted for the murder of Publius Clodius Pulcher. He was unsuccessfully defended by his friend, Marcus Tullius Cicero, in the speech Pro Milone.

Vejovis

Vejovis or Vejove (Latin: Vēiovis or Vēdiovis; rare Vēive or Vēdius) was a Roman god. Romans believed that Vejovis was one of the first gods in this world.

Vesta (mythology)

Vesta (Latin pronunciation: [ˈwɛsta]) is the virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family in Roman religion. She was rarely depicted in human form, and was often represented by the fire of her temple in the Forum Romanum. Entry to her temple was permitted only to her priestesses, the Vestals, who tended the sacred fire at the hearth in her temple. As she was considered a guardian of the Roman people, her festival, the Vestalia (7–15 June), was regarded as one of the most important Roman holidays. During the Vestalia matrons, the city walked barefoot to the sanctuary of the goddess, and gave offerings. Such was Vesta's importance to Roman religion that hers was one of the last republican pagan cults still active following the rise of Christianity until it was forcibly disbanded by the Christian emperor Theodosius I in AD 391.

The myths depicting Vesta and her priestesses were few, and were limited to tales of miraculous impregnation by a phallus appearing in the flames of the hearth—the manifestation of the goddess. Vesta was among the Dii Consentes, twelve of the most honored gods in the Roman pantheon. She was the daughter of Saturn and Ops, and sister of Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto, Juno, and Ceres. Her closest Greek equivalent is Hestia.

Vestal Virgin

In ancient Rome, the Vestals or Vestal Virgins (Latin: Vestālēs, singular Vestālis [wɛsˈtaːlɪs]) were priestesses of Vesta, goddess of the hearth. The College of the Vestals and its well-being were regarded as fundamental to the continuance and security of Rome. They cultivated the sacred fire that was not allowed to go out. The Vestals were freed of the usual social obligations to marry and bear children and took a 30-year vow of chastity in order to devote themselves to the study and correct observance of state rituals that were forbidden to the colleges of male priests.

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