Botoșani County

Botoșani County (Romanian pronunciation: [botoˈʃanʲ] (listen)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Moldavia (few villages in Bukovina), with the capital city at Botoșani.

Botoșani County

Județul Botoșani
County
Former Botoșani County Prefecture
Former Botoșani County Prefecture
Coat of arms of Botoșani County

Coat of arms
Location of Botoșani County in Romania
Location of Botoșani County in Romania
Coordinates: 47°50′N 26°49′E / 47.84°N 26.82°ECoordinates: 47°50′N 26°49′E / 47.84°N 26.82°E
Country Romania
Development region1Nord-Est
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Botoșani
Government
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County BoardMihai Țâbuleac (PD-L)
 • Prefect2Adrian Constantinescu
Area
 • Total4,986 km2 (1,925 sq mi)
Area rank29th in Romania
Population
(2011)
 • Total412,626
 • Rank22nd in Romania
 • Density83/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
71wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x314
Car PlatesBT5
GDPUS$ 2.06 billion (2008)
GDP/capitaUS$ 4,536 (2008)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Demographics

As of 31 October 2011, it had a population of 412,626 and the population density was 83/km2. [1]

Year County population[2][3]
1948 385,236
1956 Increase 428,050
1966 Increase 452,406
1977 Decrease 451,217
1992 Increase 458,904
2002 Decrease 452,834
2011 Decrease 412,626
2016 Increase 455,973

Geography

  • it is situated between Siret and Prut, in the north-east part of the county, Ukraine in the north and Moldova in the east. At the west and south it has borders with the Suceava County and Iași County.
  • it has a total area of 4,986 km2 (2.1% of the Romanian territory).
  • the relief is a high plain, between the valleys of the Siret River, the Prut River and its affluent the Jijia River.
  • temperate climate, influenced by the eastern air masses of the continent.

Neighbours

Romanian Counties

Economy

This is a predominantly agricultural county.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Textile industry
  • Food industry
  • Electrical components industry
  • Glass and porcelain industry

At Stânca-Costești there is one of the greatest hydroelectric power plants in Romania.

Politics

The Botoșani County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 18                                    
  National Liberal Party 15                                    

Administrative divisions

Urban Settlements Botosani

Botoșani County has 2 municipalities, 5 towns and 71 communes

Historical county

Județul Botoșani
County (Județ)
The Botoşani County Prefecture building from the interwar period, currently the county museum.
The Botoşani County Prefecture building from the interwar period, currently the county museum.
Coat of arms of Județul Botoșani

Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Botosani
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Botoșani
Area
 • Total3,077 km2 (1,188 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 • Total218,258
 • Density71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

During the years between the world wars, the county extended over different territory than currently. It was located in the northeastern part of Romania, in the northeast of the region or Moldavia. The county included the southern part of the present county and the northern part of the current Iași County. It was bordered to the west by the counties of Suceava and Baia, to the north by Dorohoi, to the east by Bălți, and to the south with Iaşi.

Administration

1938 map of interwar county Botosani
Map of Botoșani County as it existed in 1938.

In 1930, the county was divided into three districts (plăṣi):[5]

  1. Plasa Botoșani
  2. Plasa Jijia
  3. Plasa Siret

Administration was re-organized in 1938, comprising 4 districts:

  1. Plasa Bucecea (with 52 villages, headquartered in Târgu Bucecea)
  2. Plasa Răchiți (with 73 villages, headquartered in Botoșani)
  3. Plasa Sulița (with 49 villages, headquartered in Hârlău)
  4. Plasa Ștefănești (with 77 villages, headquartered in Ștefănești)

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 218,258 inhabitants, ethnically, 88.8% were Romanians, 9.0% were Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, 89.4% were Eastern Orthodox, 9.2% Jewish, 0.7% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 50,320 inhabitants, comprising ethnically 64.9% Romanians, 31.3% Jews, 0.9% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of Eastern Orthodox (64.5%), Jewish (32.3%), Roman Catholic (2.1%), as well as other minorities.

People

Natives of the county include:

See also

References

  1. ^ Tab8. Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune
  2. ^ Tab1. Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 și 2011 – categorii de localități și județe
  3. ^ "Populaţia României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 June 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  5. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Botoșani
Copălău

Copălău is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Cerbu, Copălău and Cotu. It included four other villages until 2003, when these were detached to form Coșula commune.

Cordăreni

Cordăreni is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Cordăreni, Grivița and Slobozia (established in 2004).

Cristinești

Cristinești is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of six villages: Baranca, Cristinești, Dămileni, Dragalina, Fundu Herții and Poiana.

Cândești, Botoșani

Cândești is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of four villages: Călinești, Cândești, Talpa and Vițcani.

Călărași, Botoșani

Călărași is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Călărași, Libertatea and Pleșani.

Durnești

Durnești is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of six villages: Băbiceni, Bârsănești, Broșteni, Cucuteni, Durnești and Guranda.

Frumușica, Botoșani

Frumușica is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of six villages: Boscoteni, Frumușica, Rădeni, Storești, Șendreni and Vlădeni-Deal.

On July 5, 2010, the Danube in Galați recorded a flow rate of 676 cm (76 cm above the rate of flooding) and a flow of 16,055 m/s. At Șendreni, the Siret had a rate of 728 cm (78 cm over the danger level). The local emergency services reinforced the dykes in the afternoon and narrowly averted any additional flooding. It was flooded during the July 2010 flood as was its namesake in Galați County.

Leorda

Leorda is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of five villages: Belcea, Costinești, Dolina, Leorda and Mitoc.

Mitoc, Botoșani

Mitoc is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of two villages, Horia and Mitoc.

Românești, Botoșani

Românești is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of four villages: Dămideni, Românești, Românești-Vale and Sărata.

Răchiți

Răchiți is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of four villages: Cișmea, Costești, Răchiți and Roșiori.

Stadionul Municipal (Dorohoi)

Stadionul Municipal is a multi-use stadium in Dorohoi, Botoșani County, Romania. It is currently used mostly for football matches, it holds 2,000 people and is the home ground of the local team Inter Dorohoi and of the second team of Liga I club Botoșani.

Stăuceni, Botoșani

Stăuceni is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of four villages: Siliștea, Stăuceni, Tocileni and Victoria.

Sulița

Sulița is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Cheliș, Dracșani and Sulița.

Tudora, Botoșani

Tudora is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of a single village, Tudora.

Ungureni, Botoșani

Ungureni is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of twelve villages: Borzești, Călugăreni (also Călugărenii Vechi), Călugărenii Noi, Durnești, Epureni, Mihai Viteazu, Mândrești, Plopenii Mari, Plopenii Mici, Tăutești, Ungureni and Vicoleni.

Viișoara, Botoșani

Viișoara is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Cuza Vodă, Viișoara and Viișoara Mică.

Vlăsinești

Vlăsinești is a commune in Botoșani County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Miron Costin, Sârbi and Vlăsinești.

Ștefănești, Botoșani

Ștefănești (Yiddish: שטעפנשט‎, Hebrew: שטפנשט‬) is a small town in Botoșani County, Romania. It administers four villages: Bădiuți, Bobulești, Stânca and Ștefănești-Sat.

The painter Ștefan Luchian (1868–1916) was born here, as well as Vlad Onicescu, the father of the mathematician Octav Onicescu (1892–1983). The town is also the birthplace of the Shtefanesht Hasidic dynasty and as such its name is still known in present-day Israel.

Stânca is a border checkpoint to Moldova.

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