Bostrichidae

The Bostrichidae are a family of beetles with more than 700 described species. They are commonly called auger beetles, false powderpost beetles, or horned powderpost beetles. The head of most auger beetles cannot be seen from above, as it is downwardly directed and hidden by the thorax. Exceptions are the powderpost beetles (subfamily Lyctinae), and members of the subfamily Psoinae.

Dinoderus brevis Horn 1878 (31918844386)
Dinoderus brevis

Bostrychoplites cornutus has large, distinctive thoracic horns, and is found in parts of Africa and Arabia; it is often imported to Europe as larvae in African wooden bowls ("ethnic souvenirs") .[1]

Selected species

This list is incomplete:[2]

Species found in Australia
Species found in the United Kingdom
Fossil species
  • Heterobostrychus aequalis larva
    Heterobostrychus aequalis larva
    Discoclavata dominicanaPoinar Jr, 2013[3]
Heterobostrychus aequalis larva
Heterobostrychus aequalis larva

References

  1. ^ Ken Walker (2006-11-23). "Auger beetle Bostrychoplites cornutus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae: Bostrichinae)". Pest and Diseases Image Library. Archived from the original on 2007-09-09.
  2. ^ "Bostrichidae". CSIRO. 2004-11-11.
  3. ^ Poinar Jr, George (2013). "Discoclavata dominicana n. gen., n. sp., (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) and Lissantauga epicrana n. gen., n. sp. (Coleoptera: Ecumenidae) in Dominican amber". Historical Biology: An International Journal of Paleobiology. 25 (1): 107–113. doi:10.1080/08912963.2012.712518.

Bibliography

External links

Amphicerus

Amphicerus is a genus of horned powder-post beetles in the family Bostrichidae. There are about 14 described species in Amphicerus.

Bostrichiformia

Bostrichiformia is an infraorder of polyphagan beetles.

It contains two superfamilies, Derodontoidea and Bostrichoidea, which includes the Dermestidae, Ptinidae, Bostrichidae and others.

Bostrichinae

Bostrichinae is a subfamily of beetles.

Bostrichini

Bostrichini is a tribe of horned powder-post beetles in the family Bostrichidae. There are about 16 genera and at least 150 described species in Bostrichini.

Bostrichoidea

Bostrichoidea is a superfamily of beetles. It is the type superfamily of the infraorder Bostrichiformia.

It includes the following subgroups:

Family Bostrichidae Latreille, 1802 - Horned Powder-post Beetles

Subfamily Bostrichinae Latreille, 1802

Subfamily Dinoderinae Thomson, 1863

Subfamily Dysidinae Lesne, 1921

Subfamily Euderiinae Lesne, 1934

Subfamily Lyctinae Billberg, 1820 - Powder-post Beetles

Subfamily Polycaoninae Lesne, 1896

Subfamily Psoinae Blanchard, 1851

Family Dermestidae Latreille, 1804 - Carpet Beetles

Subfamily Attageninae Laporte, 1840

Subfamily Dermestinae Latreille, 1804

Subfamily Megatominae Leach, 1815

Subfamily Orphilinae LeConte, 1861

Subfamily Thorictinae Agassiz, 1846

Subfamily Trinodinae Casey, 1900

Family Endecatomidae LeConte, 1861

Family Ptinidae Latreille, 1802 (formerly Anobiidae)

Subfamily Alvarenganiellinae Viana and Martínez, 1971

Subfamily Anobiinae Fleming, 1821 - Death-watch Beetles

Subfamily Dorcatominae Thomson, 1859

Subfamily Dryophilinae Gistel, 1848

Subfamily Ernobiinae Pic, 1912

Subfamily Eucradinae LeConte, 1861

Subfamily Mesocoelopodinae Mulsant and Rey, 1864

Subfamily Ptilininae Shuckard, 1839 - Spider Beetles

Subfamily Ptininae Latreille, 1802

Subfamily Xyletininae Gistel, 1848

Dinoderinae

The Dinoderinae comprise a subfamily of the beetle family Bostrichidae. There are five to seven genera. They live in wood. Some species are known as pests of wood-based and other stored products.Genera include:

Dinoderopsis

Dinoderus

Prostephanus

Rhizoperthodes

Rhyzopertha

Stephanopachys

Heterobostrychus

Heterobostrychus is a genus of beetles in the family Bostrichidae, the horned powder post beetles. Like other beetles of the family, these live in wood, often inflicting significant damage on timber and other wood products. This genus can also be found in crop plants such as cassava, potato, coffee, oilseeds, and pulse crops.Heterobostrychus aequalis, known commonly as the lesser auger beetle, trank borer, black borer, and kapok borer, is a notorious pest of many wood products. It has been found in plywood, furniture, wooden toys, wooden clogs, and carvings.These beetles are transported from their native range in tree products and introduced to other regions in timber shipments. Several species have easily established in new areas, particularly those with warm climates, as they do not tolerate cold. H. aequalis is now found on six continents in regions within 40° of the Equator.Heterobostrychus brunneus is most common in bamboo.The adult Heterobostrychus is 1 to 1.5 centimeters long. The head is tucked back within the thorax and not visible from the top.There are six known species.Species:

Heterobostrychus aequalis

Heterobostrychus ambigenus

Heterobostrychus brunneus

Heterobostrychus hamatipennis

Heterobostrychus pileatus

Heterobostrychus unicornis

Lyctus (beetle)

Lyctus is a genus of powder-post beetles in the family Bostrichidae, being present on all continents except Antarctica.

Lyctus brunneus

Lyctus brunneus is a species of beetle in the family Bostrichidae. It is a member of the subfamily Lyctinae, the powderpost beetles. It is known commonly as the brown powderpost beetle or brown lyctus beetle. Today it is distributed worldwide but it was probably originally native to the Neotropical region.Like other powderpost beetles, this species lives in wood.

Lyctus carbonarius

Lyctus carbonarius is a wood-boring beetle in the family Bostrichidae (formerly in the family Lyctidae, which is now a subfamily of Bostrichidae), commonly known as the southern lyctus beetle or lyctid powderpost beetle. It is a serious pest of hardwoods including ash, hickory, oak, maple and mahogany and can infest many products in the home including hardwood flooring and structural timbers, plywood, furniture, tool handles, picture frames, baskets and ladders. Timber can be infested in one location and then be transported large distances by ship, after which the beetles can emerge and spread the infestation to new areas.Lyctus planicollis LeConte, 1859 is considered a synonym of the species of Lyctus carbonarius.

Polycaoninae

Polycaoninae is a subfamily of horned powder-post beetles in the family Bostrichidae. There are at least 2 genera and 20 described species in Polycaoninae.

Powderpost beetle

Powderpost beetles are a group of seventy species of woodboring beetles classified in the insect subfamily Lyctinae. These beetles, along with spider beetles, death watch beetles, common furniture beetles, skin beetles, and others, make up the superfamily Bostrichoidea. While most woodborers have a large prothorax, powderpost beetles do not, making their heads more visible. In addition to this, their antennae have two-jointed clubs. They are considered pests and attack deciduous trees, over time reducing the wood to a powdery dust. The damage caused by longhorn beetles (family Cerambycidae) is often confused with that of powderpost beetles, but the two groups are unrelated. The larvae of the Cerambycidae are white, straight and generally flat-headed, whereas those of the Bostrichidae are white and C-shaped.

Ptinidae

Ptinidae is a family of beetles in the superfamily Bostrichoidea. There are at least 220 genera and 2,200 described species in Ptinidae worldwide. The family includes spider beetles and deathwatch beetles.There are three main groups in the superfamily Bostrichoidea: Bostrichidae, Anobiidae, and Ptinidae. These have undergone frequent changes in hierarchical classification since their inception. They have been treated as a single family, three independent families, the two families Bostrichidae and Anobiidae, or the two families Bostrichidae and Ptinidae. More recent literature treats these as the two families Bostrichidae and Ptinidae, with Anobiidae a subfamily of Ptinidae (Anobiinae).Spider beetles are so named because they look like spiders. Some species have long legs, antennae that can seem like an additional pair of legs, and a body shape that may appear superficially like that of a spider.

Deathwatch beetles are named because of a clicking noise that two (and possibly more) species tend to make in the walls of houses and other buildings. This clicking noise is designed to communicate with potential mates, but has historically caused fear of impending death during times of plague and sickness.

Rhyzopertha

Rhyzopertha is a monotypic genus of beetles in the family Bostrichidae, the false powderpost beetles. The sole species, Rhyzopertha dominica, is known commonly as the lesser grain borer, American wheat weevil, Australian wheat weevil, and stored grain borer. It is a beetle commonly found within store bought products and pest of stored cereal grains located worldwide. It is also a major pest of peanuts. The first documentation of wheat infestation by R. dominica was observed in Australia. R. dominica are usually reddish brown to dark brown in coloration, vary in sizes, elongated and cylindrical when viewing through a cross-section.

Scobicia

Scobicia is a genus of horned powder-post beetles in the family Bostrichidae. There are about 11 described species in Scobicia.

Stephanopachys

Stephanopachys is a genus of horned powder-post beetles in the family Bostrichidae. There are about 15 described species in Stephanopachys.

Trogoxylon

Trogoxylon is a genus of beetles in the family Bostrichidae. They are members of the subfamily Lyctinae, the powderpost beetles.

Species include:

Trogoxylon aequale

Trogoxylon angulicollis

Trogoxylon auriculatum

Trogoxylon caseyi

Trogoxylon giacobbii

Trogoxylon impressum

Trogoxylon ingae

Trogoxylon parallelipipedum

Trogoxylon praeustum

Trogoxylon punctatum

Trogoxylon punctipenne

Trogoxylon rectangulum

Trogoxylon recticolle

Trogoxylon spinifrons

Trogoxylon ypsilon

Xylobiops

Xylobiops is a genus of horned powder-post beetles in the family Bostrichidae. There are about five described species in Xylobiops.

Xyloperthini

Xyloperthini is a tribe of horned powder-post beetles in the family Bostrichidae. There are at least 30 genera and 130 described species in Xyloperthini.

Extant Coleoptera families

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