Bossaball is a team sport that originated in Spain and was conceptualised by Belgian Filip Eyckmans in 2005.[1] Bossaball is a ball game between two teams, combining elements of volleyball, football and gymnastics with music into a sport. It is played on an inflatable court featuring a trampoline on each side of the net.[2] The trampolines allow the players to bounce high enough to spike the ball over the net and score direct points.

The word "bossa", which is sometimes translated as style, flair or attitude in Brazilian Portuguese, is commonly associated with Bossa Nova, a samba-influenced type of Brazilian music. The name Bossaball, therefore, expresses the aim to combine sports, music and positive vibrations.[3]

Some other countries where Bossaball has been introduced include: Brazil,[4][5] Argentina,[6] Mexico,[7] Turkey, Netherlands,[8][9] Spain,[10] Germany,[11][12][13] France, Switzerland, Portugal,[14] Greece, Slovenia, Hungary, Czech Republic, Romania,[15] Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait,[16][17] Singapore,[18][19] Chile, Ecuador,[20][21] Venezuela and Paraguay.

Bossaball match on the beach at Marbella


A Bossaball game is played between two teams of four players. The aim is for each team to ground the ball on the opponent’s field. The height of the net in between both fields can be adjusted for different levels such as professionals, intermediates, beginners, or children. Players are not allowed to touch the net and always have to remain with at least one body part on their own side.[22]

One player (the attacker) is positioned on the trampoline, the others around him/her on the inflatables. A player from the serving team (the server) throws or kicks the ball into the air and attempts to hit the ball so it passes over the net on a course such that it will land in the opposing team's court (the serve). The opposing team must use a combination of no more than five contacts with the ball to return it to the other side of the net. [23]These contacts can be exercised using any body part:

  • Volley touch[24]
    • Touching the ball one single time according to the traditional volleyball rules. With the lower arms, touch, spike or drop shot. Throwing the ball or guiding the ball for more than 1 second is not allowed.
  • Soccer touch[25]
    • Touching the ball up to two times (= double soccer touch or a DST) with any body part except the hands or arms. Example: One can control the ball with the chest and then pass it with the head or foot. Any combination of body parts is allowed as long as none of the two contacts is with the hands or arms. A DST is counted as one pass.

Of the five maximum contacts, the ball has to be played at least once using the soccer touch technique, once the second pass has been played.

Touch 1 Touch 2 Touch 3 Touch 4 Touch 5 Allowed
Volley YES
Soccer Volley YES
Volley Volley Volley NO
Volley Volley YES
Volley Volley Volley Soccer Volley YES
Soccer Volley Volley Volley Volley YES
Volley Soccer Volley Volley Soccer YES
Soccer Soccer Soccer YES
Bossaball in "El Campín"
Attacker about to spike with the foot in order to gain extra points,

During a rally, the ball is tossed around while the attacker jumps on the trampoline in order to gain height. The attack begins when one of the rallying players aims the ball's trajectory towards a spot in the air where the attacker can hit it (spike or kick) and returns the ball over the net.

The team with possession of the ball that is trying to attack the ball as described is said to be on offense. The team on defense attempts to prevent the attacker from directing the ball into their court: players at the net jump and reach above the top (and across the plane) of the net in order to block the attacked ball. If the ball is hit around, above, or through the block, the defensive players arranged in the rest of the court attempt to control the ball with a dig (usually a forearm pass of a hard-driven ball, or a foot control). After a successful dig, the team transitions to offense.

The game continues in this manner, rallying back and forth, until the ball touches the court within the scoring zones or a mistake is committed.

The roll of a referee in Bossaball is very similar to volleyball. Competition games are played with three referees: one primary and two assistants. The main referee stands under the net on the playing area. He or she is responsible for the final decisions and especially focuses on the net. The two assistant referees are positioned at the opposite corners of the court. They have to keep track of the maximum amount of touches, the soccer touch and decide if the ball is in or out of bounds.[26]


Points can be made either by scoring or an opponent’s error. When the ball contacts the floor (the bottom of the trampoline or the inflatables) within the court boundaries (the outer safety zone is out), the team on the opposite side of the net is awarded a point. The safety border around the trampolines is a free zone. On this “bossawall” the ball may bounce or roll. When the ball lays still on the bossawall, the point goes to the opponent's team.

Scoring with volley touch:[27]

  • 1 point: when the ball hits the opponents playing area.
  • 3 points: when the ball is played directly in the opponent’s trampoline area.

Scoring with soccer touch (any part of the body except hands):[28]

  • 3 points: when the ball hits the opponents playing area.
  • 5 points: when the ball is played directly in the opponent’s trampoline area.

The team that scored, serves next point. The game continues, with the first team to score 21 points (and be two points ahead) awarded the set. Three sets are played in one match.


An official match, is best of three sets. One set gets won when a team gains 21 points, with a minimum of two points difference to the opposing team. Sets continue after 21 points as long as there is no difference of two points. The third set is played till 15 points, the minimum of two points rule is also applied on this set.

Seven international championships have been carried out since 2005.[29]

Year Competition Location First place Participating countries
2009 World Cup [30] Turkey Netherlands Brazil, Belgium, Netherlands, Kuwait, Singapore
2010 European Cup Netherlands Belgium Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain
2011 European Cup Netherlands Belgium Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain
2012 European Cup Czech Republic Netherlands Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain
2013 World Cup Bonaire Netherlands Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, Netherlands
2014 European Cup Netherlands Netherlands Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Spain
2015 World Cup "A decade in the air" [31] Spain Belgium Argentina, Belgium, Netherlands, Spain
2016 World Cup "#AtTheCopa" Brazil Netherlands Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Colombia, Netherlands

Music and "Samba" referees

Music is a major component of a Bossaball show. The person overseeing the game is called the “samba referee” and does not only make calls but also serves as the Master of Ceremonies with the help of a whistle, a microphone, percussion instruments and an exotic DJ set.[32]


  1. ^ "Bossa Sports". 18 October 2011. Archived from the original on 19 December 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  2. ^ Sblendorio, Marissa. "WHY ISN'T BOSSABALL AN OLYMPIC SPORT?". Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  3. ^ " - Expectativa por bossaball - Feb. 13, 2008 - DEPORTES". 6 April 2009. Archived from the original on 6 April 2009. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  4. ^ "O Estado de Sao Paulo". 30 January 2007. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  5. ^ "Praia Grande Noticias". 9 January 2007. Archived from the original on 19 December 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  6. ^ "Bossaball, el furor de las playas". Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Más Acapulco que nunca: Bossaball shows in Mexico". Bossaball. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  8. ^ "NeVoBo – Dutch Volleyball League". Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  9. ^ UVX – Ultimate Volleyball Xperience
  10. ^ "on bossaball". Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  11. ^ "Press Release Network Germany". Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  12. ^ Ben-John. "Bossaball Team Berlin". Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  13. ^ Lausitzer rundschau Newspaper Archived 4 April 2009 at
  14. ^ "Time Out Magazine Portugal". Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  15. ^ "Orangina-Bossaball tour Romania". 7 August 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  16. ^ Alwatan Newspaper Kuwait
  17. ^ Arrouiah Newspaper Kuwait Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Singapore Sports Council Archived 20 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Singapore Youth Committee Archived 10 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "El Universo Newspaper Ecuador". Archived from the original on 6 April 2009. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  21. ^ "bossaball in El Diario Ecuador". 27 January 2008. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  22. ^ "New team sport - How to play bossaball". Bossaball. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  23. ^ "Bossaball Rules Bossaball is a relatively new sport". Bossaball. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  24. ^ "Bossaball Rules: How To Play Bossaball | Rules of Sport". Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  25. ^ "Bossaball Rules: How To Play Bossaball | Rules of Sport". Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  26. ^ "Bossaball Rules Bossaball is a relatively new sport". Bossaball. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  27. ^ "New team sport - How to play bossaball". Bossaball. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  28. ^ "New team sport - How to play bossaball". Bossaball. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  29. ^ "Bossaball - New sport mixing volleyball, soccer and gymnastics". Bossaball. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  30. ^ "World Cup Turkey 2009 - Bossaball". Bossaball. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  31. ^ "EL BOSSABALL CUMPLE UNA DÉCADA Y LO CELEBRA EN MÁLAGA". Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  32. ^ "Samba referees - Bossaball's masters of ceremony!". Bossaball. Retrieved 4 March 2017.

External links

Coach Trip

Coach Trip is a British reality game show originally broadcast on Channel 4 from 7 March 2005 to 30 June 2006. The programme returned after a three-year break, from 25 May 2009 to 9 March 2012. In early 2013, the show went into hiatus again and was replaced by 2 new shows, Brendan's Magical Mystery Tour and Brendan's Love Cruise. However, in September 2013, Channel 4 announced that they had renewed Coach Trip for another series in 2014 which has now aired. On 9 April 2014, a further four series were announced following the success of the ninth series in early 2014.The first series of the relaunched Coach Trip: Road to... aired on E4 from 25 July 2016 to 2 September 2016 entitled Coach Trip: Road to Ibiza, the second series aired from 16 January 2017 to 24 February 2017 with the title Coach Trip: Road to Marbs. The third series aired from 24 July 2017 to 15 September 2017 with the title Coach Trip: Road to Zante. The series was renewed for a fourth series in July 2017. This was titled Coach Trip: Road to Tenerife and aired from 8 January 2018 to 2 March 2018. The fifth series began airing on 28 January 2019 with the title Coach Trip: Road to Barcelona, reverting to 30 episodes, it ended on 8 March 2019.

Coach Trip (series 10)

Coach Trip is a British reality television game show that involves ordinary couples, with a pre-existing relationship, board a coach and travel to destinations around Europe on a 20-day tour. Those who board the coach have to try to avoid votes from the other couples on board, voting takes place at the end of each day of the trip. Series 10 began on 27 October 2014, airing weekdays at 17:30 on Channel 4, Brendan Sheerin return as tour guide, as in all previous editions. Filming took place between July and August 2014.

Coach Trip (series 15)

Coach Trip 15, also known as Coach Trip: Road to Marbs is the fifteenth series of Coach Trip in the United Kingdom. The filming took place between October and November 2016 (before Deal or No Deal ended). Production company 12 Yard confirmed that the series is a second "Road to..." version of Coach Trip. The series began airing on E4 on 16 January 2017 for 30 episodes concluding on 24 February 2017.

Footbag net

Footbag net is a sport in which players kick a footbag over a five-foot-high net. Players may use only the feet. Any contact knee or above is a foul. The game is played individually and as doubles.

Footbag net combines elements of tennis, badminton, and volleyball. Specifically, the court dimensions and layout are similar to those of doubles badminton; the scoring is sideout scoring (you must be serving to score); and serves must be diagonal, as in tennis. Footbag net games can be played to eleven or fifteen points, although the winners must win by at least two points.

Footbag net is governed by the International Footbag Players Association (IFPA). Competitions take place all over the world, but primarily in North America and Europe. The World Footbag Championships is an annual, week-long event held in a different city each year. The 2013 IFPA Championships will be held in Montréal, Québec, Canada. Recent championships were held in Warsaw (2012), Helsinki (2011), Oakland, California, USA (2010), Berlin (2009), and Prague(2008).


Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball to score a goal. Unqualified, the word football is understood to refer to whichever form of football is the most popular in the regional context in which the word appears. Sports commonly called football in certain places include association football (known as soccer in some countries); gridiron football (specifically American football or Canadian football); Australian rules football; rugby football (either rugby league or rugby union); and Gaelic football. These different variations of football are known as football codes.

There are a number of references to traditional, ancient, or prehistoric ball games played by indigenous peoples in many different parts of the world. Contemporary codes of football can be traced back to the codification of these games at English public schools during the nineteenth century. The expansion of the British Empire allowed these rules of football to spread to areas of British influence outside the directly controlled Empire. By the end of the nineteenth century, distinct regional codes were already developing: Gaelic football, for example, deliberately incorporated the rules of local traditional football games in order to maintain their heritage. In 1888, The Football League was founded in England, becoming the first of many professional football competitions. During the twentieth century, several of the various kinds of football grew to become some of the most popular team sports in the world.

Hybrid sport

A hybrid sport is one which combines two or more (often similar) sports in order to create a new sport, or to allow meaningful competition between players of those sports.

The most popular hybrid sport in terms of attendance and television viewers is international rules football.


Jianzi (Chinese: 毽子), tī jianzi (踢毽子), tī jian (踢毽) or jianqiú (毽球), also known by other names, is a traditional Chinese national sport in which players aim to keep a heavily weighted shuttlecock in the air by using their bodies, apart from the hands, unlike in similar games peteca and indiaca. The primary source of jianzi is a Chinese ancient game called cuju of the Han dynasty 2000 years ago. Jianzi's competitive sport types are played on a badminton court using inner or outer lines in different types of jianzi's competitive sports, respectively. It can also be played artistically, among a circle of players in a street or park, with the objective to keep the shuttle 'up' and show off skills. In Vietnam, it is known as đá cầu and is the national sport. In the Philippines, it is known as sipa and was also the national sport until it was replaced by arnis in December 2009.

In recent years, the game has gained a formal following in Europe, the United States, and elsewhere.

In English, both the sport and the object with which it is played are referred to as "shuttlecock" or "featherball".


Kī-o-rahi is a ball sport played in New Zealand with a small round ball called a 'kī'. It is a fast-paced game incorporating skills similar to rugby union, netball and touch. Two teams of seven players play on a circular field divided into zones, and score points by touching the 'pou' (boundary markers) and hitting a central 'tupu' or target. The game is played with varying rules (e.g. number of people, size of field, tag ripping rules etc.) depending on the geographic area it is played in. A process called Tatu, before the game, determines which rules the two teams will use.

In 2005 kī-o-rahi was chosen to represent New Zealand by global fast-food chain McDonald's as part of its 'Passport to Play' programme to teach physical play activities in 31,000 American schools.

The programme will give instruction in 15 ethnic games to seven million primary school children.The New Zealand kī-o-rahi representative organisation, Kī-o-Rahi Akotanga Iho, formed with men's and women's national teams, completed a 14 match tour of Europe in September and October 2010. The men's team included 22-test All Black veteran Wayne Shelford who led the team to a 57–10 test win against Kī-o-Rahi Dieppe Organisation, the French Kī-o-Rahi federation.

Shelford's kī-o-rahi test jersey made him the first kī-o-rahi/rugby double international for NZ. The women's team coached by Andrea Cameron (Head of PE at Tikipunga High School) also won by 33–0. These were the first historic test matches between NZ and France.

List of acrobatic activities

This is an incomplete list of activities that involve acrobatics.

acro dance




aerial silks

aerial hoop


artistic cycling


breakdancing or b-boying



corde lisse

Cyr wheel

dance: Lindy hop, swing dancing, rock and roll, ballet


globe of death

figure skating


freestyle BMX

freestyle motocross

freestyle scootering

freestyle skiing / skiing

freestyle skydiving





jump rope



pole climbing

professional wrestling

russian bar

salto del pastor




spanish web


synchronized swimming



trampolining / wall running


tricking (martial arts)




wheel of death

List of ball games

This is a list of ball games which are popular games or sports involving some type of ball or similar object. Ball sports are not sports in the true sense, but are instead considered to be games. These ball games can be grouped by the general objective of the game, sometimes indicating a common origin either of a game itself or of its basic idea:

Bat-and-ball games, such as cricket and baseball.

Racquet and ball games, such as tennis, squash, racquetball and ball badminton.

Hand and ball-striking games, such as various handball codes, rebound handball and 4 square.

Goal games, such as forms of hockey (except ice hockey which uses a hockey puck), basketball and all forms of football or lacrosse.

Net games, such as volleyball and sepak.

List of skill toys

A skill toy is an object or theatrical prop used for dexterity play or an object manipulation performance. A skill toy can be any static or inanimate object with which a person dances, manipulates, spins, tosses, or simply plays. Most skill toys are played alone, although some can be played with multiple people (such as footbag, juggling, and jump rope).

List of sports

The following is a list of sports/games, divided by category.

According to the World Sports Encyclopedia (2003), there are 8,000 indigenous sports and sporting games.

Net (device)

Nets have been constructed by human beings since at least the Mesolithic period for use in capturing or retaining things. Their open weaves provide lightness and flexibility that allow them to be carried and manipulated with relative ease, making them valuable for methodical tasks such as hunting, fishing, sleeping, and carrying.

Quidditch (sport)

Quidditch is a sport of two teams of seven players each mounted on broomsticks played on a hockey rink-sized pitch. It is based on a fictional game of the same name invented by author J. K. Rowling, which is featured in the Harry Potter series of novels and related media.[3] The game is also sometimes referred to as muggle quidditch to distinguish it from the fictional game, which involves magical elements such as flying broomsticks and enchanted balls. In the Harry Potter universe, a "muggle" is a person without the power to use magic.

The pitch is rectangular with rounded corners 55 meters (60 yards) by 33 meters (36 yards) with three hoops of varying heights at either end.[4] The sport was created in 2005 and is therefore still quite young. However, quidditch is played around the world and actively growing.[5] The ultimate goal is to have more points than the other team by the time the snitch, a tennis ball inside a long sock hanging from the shorts of an impartial official dressed in yellow, is caught. Rules of the sport are governed by the International Quidditch Association, or the IQA, and events are sanctioned by either the IQA or that nation's governing body.

To score points, chasers or keepers must get the quaffle, a slightly deflated volleyball, into one of three of the opposing hoops which scores the team 10 points.[6] To impede the quaffle from advancing down the pitch, chasers and keepers are able to tackle opposing chasers and keepers at the same time as beaters using their bludgers—dodgeballs—to take out opposing players. Once a player is hit by an opposing bludger, that player must dismount their broom, drop any ball being held, and return to and touch their hoops before being allowed back into play.[7] The game is ended once the snitch is caught by one of the seekers, awarding that team 30 points.[8]A team consists of minimum seven (maximum 21) players, of which six are always on the pitch, those being the three chasers, one keeper, and two beaters. Besides the seeker who is off-pitch, the six players are required to abide by the gender rule, which states that a team may have a maximum of four players who identify as the same gender, making quidditch one of the few sports that not only offers a co-ed environment but an open community to those who do not identify with the gender binary.[10] Matches or games often run about 30 to 40 minutes but tend to be subject to varying lengths of time due to the unpredictable nature of the snitch catch. If the score at the end of the match including the 30 point snitch catch is tied (such that the team that caught the snitch was 30 points behind the other), the game moves to overtime where the snitch is constrained to the pitch's dimensions and the game ends after five minutes or when the snitch is legally caught.

Sepak takraw

Sepak takraw or kick volleyball, is a sport native to Southeast Asia. Sepak takraw differs from the similar sport of footvolley in its use of a rattan ball and only allowing players to use their feet, knee, chest and head to touch the ball.

In Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, it is called sepak takraw. In Malaysia, it can be known as sepak raga as well. In Thailand, it is called as takraw only. In Laos, it is kataw (Lao: "twine" and "kick"). In the Philippines, besides the borrowed term "takraw", it is also called sepak takraw and also has a similar sport called “sipa” or “kick”. In Myanmar, it is known as chin lone, and is considered more of an art as there is often no opposing team, and the point is to keep the ball aloft gracefully and interestingly.

Similar games include footbag net, footvolley, football tennis, bossaball, jianzi, jokgu and sipa.


Sipa (lit. kick or to kick) is the Philippines' traditional native sport which predates Spanish rule. The game is related to Sepak Takraw. Similar games include Footbag net, Footvolley, Bossaball and Jianzi.

The game is both played by two teams, indoors or outdoors, on a court that is about the size of a tennis court. The teams consist of one, two or four players in each side. The aim of the game is to kick a soft ball made out of rattan fragments, back and forth over a net in the middle of the court. The sport requires speed, agility and ball control.


A trampoline is a device consisting of a piece of taut, strong fabric stretched between a steel frame using many coiled springs. People bounce on trampolines for recreational and competitive purposes.

The fabric that users bounce on (commonly known as the "bounce mat" or "trampoline bed") is not elastic itself; the elasticity is provided by the springs that connect it to the frame, which store potential energy.

Basket sports
Football codes
Bat-and-ball games
Stick and ball sports
Net sports
Other sports

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