Borough of Woking

See Woking for the town.

The Borough of Woking is a local government district with borough status in the west of Surrey, England. It is one of eleven districts in the county which has administrative status as to a different set of local government powers and responsibilities.

Borough of Woking
Motto(s): 
Fide et Diligentia
(Latin: In faith and diligence)
Woking shown within Surrey
Woking shown within Surrey
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Non-metropolitan countySurrey
StatusNon-metropolitan district
Admin HQWoking
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district council
 • BodyWoking Borough Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPsJonathan Lord
Area
 • Total24.6 sq mi (63.6 km2)
Area rank253rd (of 317)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total101,167
 • Rank238th (of 317)
 • Density4,100/sq mi (1,600/km2)
 • Ethnicity[1]
91.3% White
6.3% S.Asian
1.7% Mixed
1.1% Black British
1.4% Chinese or Other
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code43UM (ONS)
E07000217 (GSS)
OS grid referenceTQ0040358550
Websitewww.woking.gov.uk

History

The borough's forebear was formed in 1895 — an urban district under the Local Government Act 1894. The precursor administrative areas were parishes run by vestries, which gradually ceded power after 1895:

This area was centred radically north of Woking Hundred; the other three parishes lay in Godley Hundred.[3]

The present borough was established in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, and is one of two districts in Surrey to retain the boundaries of a single former urban district, the other being Epsom and Ewell.

Geography

This is the only district of Surrey which does not border another county; the nearest is Berkshire, northwest of the relatively narrow shape of Surrey Heath, which is another district.

Woking Borough Council's head offices — named the Civic Offices — are in the centre of the town of Woking, just outside the town square.[4]

At the 2001 Census, the population of the borough was 88,125, over 70% of whom (62,796) lived in the town itself. The rest of the borough is divided into five villages with a modest semi-rural hinterland (which includes some of Surrey's 141 golf courses as at 2013):[5]

Byfleet constitutes a civil parish in the borough (no longer covering West Byfleet); a third-tier of local government does not serve the remaining bulk of the borough.

Elections

Elections to the council are held in three out of every four years, with one third of the 36 seats on the council being elected at each election. The elections are normally battled out between the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats. From the 1998 election to 2007 no party had a majority on the council, but in the 2007 election the Conservative party won a majority.[7] Since then until 2009, the Conservatives had 19 seats on the council compared to 17 for the Liberal Democrats.[8] Following the resignation of councillor Peter Ankers from the Conservatives to sit as an independent in 2009[9] the Conservatives continued in administration as the largest Party with 18 seats but with no overall control. At the 2011 election 20 Conservative and 16 Liberal Democrats were elected giving the Conservatives an overall majority once again.[10] In the 2012 election the Conservatives took a further seat from the Liberal Democrats, giving them 21 seats to the Liberal Democrats 15.

At the 2018 election, the Liberal Democrats gained one councillor at the expense of the conservatives. This gave the Conservatives a majority of 2 on the Council.

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Woking.

Individuals

[11]

Military Units

See also

References

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics: Woking
  2. ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10107477 University of Portsmouth and Others A Vision of Britain - historic statistics
  3. ^ 'The hundred of Woking: Introduction and map', in A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3, ed. H E Malden (London, 1911), p. 339. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/surrey/vol3/p339
  4. ^ Surrey Council Archived 2011-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Does gorgeous Surrey need golf course No 142?" Max Davidson, The Daily Telegraph, 8 Jun 2013
  6. ^ Surrey County council census data Archived October 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Woking". BBC News Online. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
  8. ^ "Woking". BBC News Online. 2008-04-19. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
  9. ^ Woodger, Beth (16 July 2009). "Tory councillor quits party in council debt protest". getsurrey. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  10. ^ "Woking". BBC News Online. 19 April 2009. Retrieved 13 February 2011.
  11. ^ https://www.broadwayworld.com/uk-regional/article/Sir-Howard-Panter-and-Dame-Rosemary-Squire-DBE-awarded-Honorary-Freedom-of-the-Borough-in-Woking-20190617
  12. ^ Duffell, Beth (25 April 2017). "Woking parade celebrates Freedom of the Borough status for Army".

External links

Coordinates: 51°19′0.08″N 0°33′32.86″W / 51.3166889°N 0.5591278°W

Byfleet

Byfleet is a village in Surrey, England. It is located in the far east of the borough of Woking, around 1.5 miles (2.4 km) east of West Byfleet, from which it is separated by the M25 motorway and the Wey Navigation.

The village is of medieval origin. Its winding main street, High Road, contains old large public houses, a church and several timber-framed houses, as well as other 16th and 17th century houses with listed status. The former Brooklands motor racing circuit is located just to the north, while to the east, across the River Wey, is the former Silvermere estate, now a golf club.

Byfleet is served by Byfleet & New Haw railway station, on the South Western main line. In July 2012, its northern bypass hosted the long-distance cycling road races for the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Export House

Export House in Woking, Surrey, is a tall office building formerly also known as the BAT Building during its tenancy by British American Tobacco. It is the tallest in Woking and among the five tallest buildings in Surrey. Its height is 73 metres (240 ft) spread over its 18 floors (15 above ground).

Graeme Pitkethly

Graeme David Pitkethly (born 5 November 1966) is a Scottish businessman and the Chief Financial Officer of Unilever since October 2015.

Horsell

Horsell is a village in the borough of Woking in Surrey, England, less than a mile north-west of Woking town centre. In November 2012, its population was 9,384. Horsell is integral to H. G. Wells' classic science fiction novel The War of the Worlds, the sand pits of Horsell Common being the site of the first Martian landing. Horsell Common has since been designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest. Another landmark is the McLaren Technology Centre, built on the northern edge of the common in the early 2000s for the McLaren Group.

Jacobs Well, Surrey

Jacobs Well or Jacobswell is a small village in Surrey, England, of 20th century creation, with a population of 1,171. The village forms a northern outskirt of Guildford, in the civil parish of Worplesdon which can be considered the mother village of medieval date to the west. The Stoke Hill part of Stringers Common, Slyfield Industrial Estate and a Surrey County Council general waste transfer station to the south form the narrowest of its buffer zones to all sides, separating the Slyfield part of Guildford from the village.

Between Jacobs Well and Burpham to the south-east and east lie the River Wey, Burpham Court Farm Park, the River Wey Navigation, and the A3, in that order.

Other nearby settlements include Sutton Green (beyond which is Old Woking) to the NNE.

List of boundary changes in South East England

This is a list of boundary changes occurring in the South East England region of England, since the re-organisation of local government following the passing of the Local Government Act 1972.

List of electoral wards in Surrey

This is a list of electoral divisions and wards in the ceremonial county of Surrey in South East England. All changes since the re-organisation of local government following the passing of the Local Government Act 1972 are shown. The number of councillors elected for each electoral division or ward is shown in brackets.

List of places of worship in Woking (borough)

There are more than 50 current and former places of worship in the borough of Woking, one of 11 local government districts in the English county of Surrey. The mostly urban area, centred on the Victorian railway town of Woking, is ethnically and demographically diverse. As well as churches and chapels representing England's main Christian denominations, Woking is home to Britain's oldest purpose built mosque, a Buddhist temple and an Eastern Orthodox church (part of a monastery and shrine to Edward the Martyr, who is buried there). Anglican parish churches in surrounding villages such as Pyrford, Old Woking and Byfleet are among the oldest buildings in the borough.

Eleven places of worship in the borough have listed status. A building is defined as "listed" when it is placed on a statutory register of buildings of "special architectural or historic interest" in accordance with the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990. The Department for Culture, Media and Sport, a Government department, is responsible for this; Historic England (formerly English Heritage), a non-departmental public body, acts as an agency of the department to administer the process and advise the department on relevant issues. There are three grades of listing status. Grade I, the highest, is defined as being of "exceptional interest"; Grade II* is used for "particularly important buildings of more than special interest"; and Grade II, the lowest, is used for buildings of "special interest". As of February 2001, there were four Grade I-listed buildings, eight with Grade II* status and 50 Grade II-listed buildings in Woking borough. The Shah Jahan Mosque was upgraded from Grade II* to Grade I status in March 2018.

Old Woking

Old Woking is a ward and the original settlement of the town and borough of Woking, Surrey, about 1.3 miles (2.1 km) southeast of the modern town centre. It is bounded by the Hoe Stream to the north and the River Wey to the south and between Kingfield to the west and farmland to the east. The village has no dual carriageways or motorways, its main road is the A247, which connects Woking with Clandon Park and provides access to the A3. The village contains parts of Woking's two largest parks and two converted paper mills. The expanded village largely consists of semi-detached houses with gardens and covers an area of 224 hectares (550 acres)

To the east of Old Woking's developed cluster are the ruins of Woking Palace which was its manor and a royal dwelling throughout the Tudor dynasty.

Peter Davison

Peter Davison (born Peter Malcolm Gordon Moffett; 13 April 1951) is an English actor with many credits in television dramas and sitcoms. He became famous as Tristan Farnon in the BBC's television adaptation of James Herriot's All Creatures Great and Small stories. His subsequent starring roles included the sitcoms Holding the Fort and Sink or Swim, the fifth incarnation of the Doctor in Doctor Who, Dr. Stephen Daker in A Very Peculiar Practice and Albert Campion in Campion. He also played David Braithwaite in At Home with the Braithwaites, "Dangerous" Davies in The Last Detective and Henry Sharpe in Law & Order: UK.

Pyrford

Pyrford is a village in the borough of Woking in Surrey, England. It is on the left bank of the River Wey, around 2 miles (3.2 km) east of the town of Woking and just south of West Byfleet; the M25 motorway is north-east of the edge of the former parish.

The village sits on raised mixed heath soil, and has historical links with the abbey at Westminster, in whose possession it remained between the Norman conquest in 1066 and the Dissolution of the Monasteries nearly five hundred years later.

Sheerwater

Sheerwater is a residential neighbourhood or small suburb of the Borough of Woking in Surrey, England, occasionally described as a village, between West Byfleet and Horsell. Its border is defined to the north by a gently winding part of the Basingstoke Canal and to the south by the South Western Main Line which passes from cutting level to that of an embankment. The neighbourhood has a business park and light industry at its south-western end. The whole area is linear, includes diverse green spaces to north and south, and covers 0.92 square kilometres (0.36 sq mi) or 92 hectares (230 acres).

Three teenage residents formed the band The Jam in the 1970s while attending Sheerwater's secondary school including Paul Weller – the remainder of the band he led also attended the school.

Sophiya Haque

Sophiya Haque (14 June 1971 – 17 January 2013) was an English actress, singer, video jockey and dancer. She is best known for playing the role of Poppy Morales in Coronation Street between 2008 and 2009.

Susannah Holford

Susannah West Holford, Lady Holford (née Wilson; 15 May 1864 – 18 December 1943) was an English socialite. She was the daughter of to Arthur and Mary Wilson of Tranby Croft, Yorkshire. Her second husband was Sir George Holford who owned Dorchester House in London, Westonbirt House in Gloucestershire, and Westonbirt Arboretum which is still enjoyed by the public today.

West Byfleet

West Byfleet is a village in Surrey which grew up around its relatively minor stop on the London & South Western Railway: the station, originally Byfleet and Woodham, opened in 1887. More than 1 mile (1.6 km) from the medieval village of Byfleet, the initial concentration of a new development soon established its own economy apart from that of a dependent London commuter village and spread in most directions to its borders including to the border of the old settlement, divided by the shielded London Orbital motorway today. The first place of worship was dedicated in 1912, the parish of West Byfleet associated with it was established in 1917. The village is bounded to the north by the Basingstoke Canal and to the east by the M25 and the Wey Navigation Canal. Forming part of the contiguous development centred on London and its 'stockbroker belt' just outside the M25 motorway, it is 8 miles from London Heathrow and equidistant between the business parks of Woking and Brooklands. In local government it forms a ward on the same basis as its parish in the Borough of Woking.

West Byfleet railway station

West Byfleet railway station is on the South Western Main Line, opened 49 years after the line reached the following station west, Woking which is the district of the station.

It is 21 miles 54 chains (34.9 km) from London Waterloo.

Woking Borough Council elections

One third of Woking Borough Council in Surrey, England is elected each year, followed by one year without election. Since the last boundary changes in 2016, 30 councillors have been elected from 10 wards.

Woking Hundred

See Woking for the town or Borough of Woking for the district.

Woking was a hundred in what is now Surrey, England. It includes the town of Woking and the Borough of Woking.

The Hundred comprised the parishes of:

Ash, East Clandon, West Clandon, East Horsley, West Horsley, Merrow, Ockham, Pirbright, Send and Ripley, Stoke Juxta Guildford, Wanborough, Windlesham, Wisley, Woking and Worplesdon.Minor clerical errors and convenience groupings of other parishes have occurred in some medieval centrally held records at Lambeth and Westminster Palaces for example.In the time of Edward the Confessor, the Hundred was worth £88; by the Domesday Book of 1086 it was worth £125. By 1696, it was worth £297 for taxation purposes ('taxable value') but being a Hundred had no single owner as such; as the rights of the hundreds became divided and lessened, it became purely a useful way of grouping the parishes below the level of the counties.

Worplesdon railway station

Worplesdon railway station is near the village of Worplesdon, Surrey, England. It is on the Portsmouth Direct Line between Woking and Guildford, 26 miles 55 chains (42.9 km) down the line from London Waterloo.

The station opened in 1883, surrounded by open heath and farmland. Some nearby land has subsequently been developed and the station is currently situated in an area of affluent, very low density housing; Worplesdon village itself is centred approximately a mile and a half to the southwest. The village of Mayford is located approximately a mile north of the station. The station is in the Ward of Mayford and Sutton Green in the Borough of Woking. Worplesdon village is best reached from nearby Brookwood station from where there is an hourly bus to Worplesdon from the main road (Connaught Road) in front of the station: Route 28 Monday - Saturday and route 91 on Sundays.

The ticket office and buffet are open during the morning peak Monday - Friday only. There is a ticket machine for purchase of tickets at other times. The station has a car park and cycle rack.

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