Borough of Milton Keynes

The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority area and borough of the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire. It is the northernmost district of the South East England Region. It was originally one of five non-metropolitan districts of Buckinghamshire, but on 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England, it became a self-governing unitary authority, independent from Buckinghamshire County Council.

The Borough borders the non-metropolitan counties of Bedfordshire, Northamptonshire and Buckinghamshire (that part of the county under the control of Buckinghamshire County Council). The principal settlement in the borough is Milton Keynes itself, which accounts for about 29% of its area and 90% of its population.

Borough of Milton Keynes
Motto(s): 
By knowledge, design and understanding
Milton Keynes shown within Buckinghamshire and England
Milton Keynes shown within Buckinghamshire and England
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Ceremonial countyBuckinghamshire
Admin HQMilton Keynes
Founded1 April 1997
Government
 • TypeUnitary authority
 • Governing bodyMilton Keynes Council
 • Mayor (ceremonial)Martin Petchey[1]
 • Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
 • Executive:Labour Minority
 • MPsIain Stewart (C) (Milton Keynes South)
Mark Lancaster (C) (Milton Keynes North)
Area
 • Total119 sq mi (309 km2)
Population
 (2011 Census)
 • Total248,821[2]
 • Estimate 
(2015)
261,750[3]
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Postcode
Area code(s)01908
ONS code00MG
Websitewww.milton-keynes.gov.uk

History

The district was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of Bletchley Urban District, Newport Pagnell Urban District and Wolverton Urban District, together with Newport Pagnell Rural District and that part of Wing Rural District within the designated New Town area. The district council applied for and received borough status that year.

Local government

Arising from the local government elections of May 2016, Milton Keynes council is under no overall control; the Labour Party and Conservative Party both hold 22 seats each with the Liberal Democrats holding 13 seats. The UK Independence party lost their only seat on the council to date in the 2016 local elections. Continuing as of May 2015, the Borough is governed by a Labour minority administration The Conservative Party is currently the main opposition group.

Following the 2016 United Kingdom local elections the political composition for the council is as follows.

Conservatives Labour Liberal Democrats Other Parties
22 22 13 0

The 2016 local election did not change the status of the Council from 'no overall control'. No political party has had an 'overall majority' on the council since 2006.

Economy

According to data from the Office of National Statistics for 2015 and 2016,[4] the Borough is the sixth highest performing NUTS3 region in the UK (and the highest outside inner London), on the basis of gross value added per head.[5][6]

Education

Further education in the borough is provided by Milton Keynes College. For higher education, the Open University's headquarters are in Milton Keynes – though, as this is a distance education institution, the only students resident on campus are approximately 200 full-time postgraduates. The University Campus Milton Keynes, part of the university of Bedfordshire, provides conventional undergraduate courses.

Demographics

BofMiltonKeynesUA-popn
Population trend of Borough and Urban Area 1801–2011

The ONS estimate of the population of the Borough in 2015 was 261,750[3] By 2026, the population of the borough is projected to be 308,500.[3]

In the 2011 census, 80% of the population described their ethnic origin as white (nationally 85.5%), 5.6% as South Asian (5.5%), 6.8% as black (3.4%), 3.3% as mixed race (2.2%), 3.6% as Chinese and other Asian (2.2%), and 0.6% as 'other ethnic group (1.0%).[7]

In the same census, 52.8% of the Borough's population registered their religion as Christianity and 37.9% as not religious or none given, compared to 59.4% and 31.9% nationally. 4.8% of the population follow Islam (5% nationally) and a little over 2.8% are Hindu (1.5%), with no other religion above one percent.[7]

The borough's population age profile is slightly younger than England's average, with half of the borough's population aged under 35 years old.[7] Nationally, half of the population is aged less than 39.[7] The 30- to 39-year-olds in Milton Keynes Borough formed as the largest 10-year age group of the population with 30- to 34-year-olds being the largest 5-year age group.[7] The Borough has a larger proportion of the population in the younger age groups; 22.3% are aged under 16 compared with 18.9% in England.[7] Meanwhile, just 11.1% of the Milton Keynes population are aged over 65 compared with 16.3% in England.[7]

Levels of educational attainment in the Borough are slightly higher than the England average. 18% have no qualifications compared with 22.5% in England, while 28.2% have a degree or higher qualification compared with 27.4% in England.[7]

Housing and home ownership

In 2011, Milton Keynes had the greatest proportion of shared ownership homes in England, 6.1%, compared with second-placed London Boroughs of Hounslow and Tower Hamlets with 2.4%. This form of home ownership has been a planning policy of the Borough of Milton Keynes soon after the settled acceptance of all major UK lenders on specified forms of this type of property ownership was agreed in the 2000s decade.

The borough has relatively high home ownership at 72.8% of dwellings with the remaining 16.2% of homes are privately rented and 11.0% are socially rented.[8]

At the 2012, 16.2% of the population lived in flats (apartments), compared with the 22.1% average for England.[7]

Settlements

Milton Keynes (urban area)

The urban area accounts for about 20% of the Borough by area and 90% by population. This is a partial list of the districts of Milton Keynes itself. For a discussion of the usage of the term "city" in Milton Keynes, see History of Milton Keynes#1960s Plans for a new city in North Buckinghamshire, 1967 designation of Milton Keynes.

The Borough of Milton Keynes is fully parished. These are the parishes, and the districts they contain, that are now elements of Milton Keynes as a whole.

Rest of the borough

The rural area accounts for about 80% of the Borough by area and about 10% by population. Olney is a town. These are the extra-urban civil parishes:

References

  1. ^ The Mayor of Milton Keynes (Milton Keynes Council)
  2. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Milton Keynes Local Authority (1946157283)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Population Statistics Milton Keynes Council, 2017 (source = ONS)
  4. ^ As of March 2018, the most recent data available.
  5. ^ Statistical bulletin:Regional gross value added (income approach), UK: 1997 to 2015, Table 4 Office of National Statistics, 15 December 2016
  6. ^ Statistical bulletin: Regional gross value added (balanced), UK: 1998 to 2016 (PDF) Office of National Statistics, 20 December 2017, page 13
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Office for National Statistics and Borough of Milton Keynes, 2011. "Milton Keynes 2011 Census Profile (PDF).
  8. ^ 2011 Census Key Statistics: Tenure. Office for National Statistics

External links

Coordinates: 52°02′N 0°46′W / 52.033°N 0.767°W

Abbey Hill

Abbey Hill is a civil parish that covers the Two Mile Ash, Kiln Farm, and Wymbush districts of Milton Keynes. As the first tier of Local Government, the parish council is responsible for the people, living and working in this area of Milton Keynes.

The Parish was formed in 2008 as part of a revision of parishes of the Borough of Milton Keynes: the districts were previously part of a parish called Bradwell Abbey. It is bounded by Millers Way (H2), the A5, Watling Street (V4), and Dansteed Way (H4).

Aspley Heath

Aspley Heath is a village and civil parish in the Central Bedfordshire district of Bedfordshire, England, elevated and small in population and area, mostly covered by New Wavendon Heath and a smaller mixed eponymous woodland. It was until some time after 1912 part of Aspley Guise.The village borders Aspley Guise to the northeast, Woburn to the south, and Woburn Sands village and parish, to the north and northwest which is in the borough of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire.

Astwood, Buckinghamshire

Astwood is a village and civil parish in the borough of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. It is located on the border with Bedfordshire, approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Newport Pagnell and 7 miles (11 km) west of Bedford.The village name is Anglo-Saxon in origin and means "eastern wood".

The churchyard of the parish church of St Peter is considered by some as being one of the prettiest in the county. Most of the older buildings in the village have thatched roofs making for a quaint rural setting.

Aylesbury Vale

The Aylesbury Vale (or Vale of Aylesbury) is a large area of gently rolling agricultural landscape located in the northern half of Buckinghamshire, England. Its boundary is marked by the Borough of Milton Keynes and South Northamptonshire to the north, Central Bedfordshire and the Borough of Dacorum (Hertfordshire) to the east, the Chiltern Hills and Wycombe to south, and South Oxfordshire to the west.

The vale is named after Aylesbury, the county town of Buckinghamshire. The two other towns which lie within the vale are Winslow and Buckingham.

The bed of the vale is largely made up of clay that was formed at the end of the ice age. Also at this time the vast underground reserves of water that make the water table in the Vale of Aylesbury higher than average, were created.

In the 2011 UK census the population of Aylesbury Vale was 174,900.

In the 2001 UK census the population of Aylesbury Vale was 165,748, representing an increase since 1991 of 18,600 people. About half of those live in the county town Aylesbury.

Castlethorpe

Castlethorpe is a village and civil parish with a population of about 1000 in the Borough of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. It is about 3 miles (4.8 km) north-east of Stony Stratford, 4 miles (6.4 km) north-west of Newport Pagnell and 7 miles (11 km) north of Central Milton Keynes. It is separated from the county of Northamptonshire by the River Tove.

Clifton Reynes

Clifton Reynes is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England. It is about a mile east of Olney. It shares a joint parish council with Newton Blossomville.

Grade II* listed buildings in Buckinghamshire

The county of Buckinghamshire is divided into five districts. The districts of Buckinghamshire are South Bucks, Chiltern, Wycombe, Aylesbury Vale and Borough of Milton Keynes.

As there are 357 Grade II* listed buildings in the county they have been split into separate lists for each district.

Grade II* listed buildings in South Bucks

Grade II* listed buildings in Chiltern

Grade II* listed buildings in Wycombe

Grade II* listed buildings in Aylesbury Vale

Grade II* listed buildings in Borough of Milton Keynes

Lavendon

Lavendon is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes and ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire, England. It is the northernmost village in the Borough, near Olney, eight miles WNW of Bedford, eight miles NNE of Newport Pagnell.

Nearby places are Warrington, and Cold Brayfield in Milton Keynes Borough, and Harrold and Carlton over the border in Bedfordshire.

List of places in Buckinghamshire

:See the list of places in England for places in other counties.

This is a list of places in the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire, England. It does not include places which were formerly in Buckinghamshire. For places which were in Buckinghamshire until 1974, and were then transferred to Berkshire, and other places transferred from Buckinghamshire since 1844, see list of Buckinghamshire boundary changes.

List of schools in Milton Keynes

This is a list of schools in the Borough of Milton Keynes, in the English county of Buckinghamshire.

Milton Keynes Council

Milton Keynes Council is the local council of the Borough of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, England. It is a unitary authority, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined. The borough is divided into 19 wards, electing 57 councillors.

Milton Keynes wind farm

Milton Keynes wind farm is located 2 miles east of Emberton in the Borough of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, UK. It was developed by Your Energy and is owned by Mistral Windfarms. The wind farm comprises seven turbines 125 m to the blade tip, and has a total installed capacity of 14 MW. They were expected to produce approximately 38 GWh of electricity per year.

Newport Pagnell

Newport Pagnell is a town in Buckinghamshire, England. In the Borough of Milton Keynes, it is separated from Milton Keynes itself by the M1 motorway, on which is Newport Pagnell services. The Office for National Statistics records Newport Pagnell as part of the Milton Keynes urban area.

Ravenstone, Buckinghamshire

Ravenstone is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes and ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire, England. The village is about 2.5 miles (4 km) west of Olney, and 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Newport Pagnell and the northern boundary of the Milton Keynes urban area. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 209.

South Midlands

The South Midlands is a notional area of England, (as distinct from the formally designated Regions of England). According to one definition, it is the southern portion of the East Midlands Region (Northamptonshire, south Leicestershire and Rutland) together with the northern portion of the South East England Region (north Buckinghamshire and the Borough of Milton Keynes) and the western portion of the East of England Region (Bedfordshire). Various organisations also use the name South Midlands to refer to an area that is specific to their own way of dividing up the country. One major usage is as a label for one of the areas identified by HM Government for urban development.

Theophilus Eaton

Theophilus Eaton (c. 1590—January 7, 1658) was a merchant, farmer, and Puritan colonial leader who was the co-founder and first governor of New Haven Colony, Connecticut.

Tyringham

Tyringham is a village in the Borough of Milton Keynes and ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire, England. It is located about a mile and a half north of Newport Pagnell.

The village name is an Old English language word, and means 'Tir's home'. In the Domesday Book of 1086 the village was recorded as Telingham.

There is a theory that the name Tyringham refers to a settlement of Thuringii Germans coming with the Anglo-Saxons in the Dark Ages.

Weston Underwood, Buckinghamshire

Weston Underwood is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes, ceremonial Buckinghamshire, England. It is located about a mile west of Olney.

The village name 'Weston' is Anglo Saxon in origin, and means 'western estate', referring to the situation of the village in relation to Olney. The affix 'Underwood' refers to the village's location to a nearby forest, possibly the Yardley Chase or Whittlewood.

Woburn Sands

Woburn Sands () is a small town and civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes, England, and part of the Milton Keynes urban area. It is south-east of Milton Keynes proper, near Wavendon. The county boundary between Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire divides the Woburn Sands/Aspley Guise/Aspley Heath contiguous built-up area. All of Woburn Sands civil parish is in the Borough of Milton Keynes but not all of Woburn Sands is in the same parish: the meandering boundary between the counties means that the Primary and Middle Schools that serve the town are both in the Parish of Aspley Guise (Central Bedfordshire).

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