Borough of Hartlepool

The Borough of Hartlepool is a unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of County Durham, in north-east England.

In 2003 it had a resident population of 90,1 1, increasing to 92,028 at the 2011 Census.[1] It borders the non-metropolitan county of County Durham to the north, Stockton-on-Tees to the south and Redcar and Cleveland to the south-east along the line of the River Tees. It is centred on the town of Hartlepool and is a member of the Tees Valley combined authority.

It is made up of 17 council wards and since the 1983 parliamentary redistribution is coterminous with the Hartlepool constituency. The local authority is Hartlepool Borough Council.

Borough of Hartlepool
Official logo of Borough of Hartlepool

logo of the borough council
Hartlepool within County Durham and England
Hartlepool within County Durham and England
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionNorth East England
City regionTees Valley
Ceremonial countyCounty Durham
Admin. HQHartlepool
Government
 • TypeHartlepool Borough Council
 • Leadership:Council Leader
 • LeaderShane Robert Moore (Independent Union)
 • MPs:Mike Hill (L)
Area
 • Total36.12 sq mi (93.56 km2)
Area rank222nd
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total93,242
 • RankRanked 259th
 • Density2,600/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
ONS code00EB (ONS)
E06000001 (GSS)
Ethnicity97.9% White
1.0% S.Asian
(Census 2011)
Websitewww.hartlepool.gov.uk

History

After several unification efforts starting in 1902, the county borough of Hartlepool was formed in 1967 by the merger of the original borough of Hartlepool (the "Headland") with the county borough of West Hartlepool further south on Tees Bay, together with the parish of Seaton Carew to provide coastal land for industrial development.[2]

The district was formed on 1 April 1974, by the merger of the previous county borough of Hartlepool, along with the parishes of Brierton, Claxton, Dalton Piercy, Elwick, Elwick Hall, Greatham, Hart and Newton Bewley, from the Stockton Rural District, all of which had been part of the administrative county of Durham. It was one of the four districts of the non-metropolitan county of Cleveland.

Cleveland was abolished in 1996 after a review by the Banham Commission, with the four boroughs of Stockton-on-Tees, Hartlepool, Redcar & Cleveland and Middlesbrough becoming unitary authorities. For ceremonial purposes Hartlepool returned to County Durham, however it continues to share certain local services with the other former Cleveland boroughs, including the Cleveland Police and Cleveland Fire Brigade.

Elected mayor

Hartlepool was one of a small number council in the United Kingdom to have a directly-elected mayor. This followed a referendum held in the borough in October 2001,[3] and the first mayoral election was held in May 2002. The election became famous for being won by the mascot of Hartlepool United F.C., 'H'Angus the Monkey',[4] with a majority of approximately 500 over the second-placed Labour Party candidate. The man inside the monkey costume, Stuart Drummond, served as mayor as an independent since then, being re-elected in 2005 with a majority of over 10,000[5] and again in 2009 with a second round majority of 844.

In November 2012 Hartlepool voted in a referendum to abolish the directly elected mayor and return to having the council leader used by most English councils.[6] 7,366 voted against the directly elected mayor system, while 5,177 voted to retain it, on a turnout of 18%.[6]

Places in the borough

As well as Hartlepool, locations within the borough include:

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[note 1] Agriculture[note 2] Industry[note 3] Services[note 4]
1995 2,804 9 1,443 1,352
2000 3,252 6 1,359 1,887
2003 3,364 6 1,037 2,320
Notes
  1. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  3. ^ includes energy and construction
  4. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

References

  1. ^ "Unitary Authority population 2011". Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  2. ^ Hartlepool Order 1966 Commons debate and Lords debate
  3. ^ Mark Sandford (March 2002). "Who wants an elected mayor? Lessons from the first wave". New Economy. Institute of Public Policy Research. 9 (1): 47–51. doi:10.1111/1468-0041.00239.
  4. ^ BBC News (3 May 2002). "Monkey mascot elected mayor". Retrieved 14 March 2008.
  5. ^ BBC News (6 May 2005). "Winning 'monkey' mayor gains wife". Retrieved 14 March 2008.
  6. ^ a b Mulholland, Hélène (16 November 2012). "Mayor H'Angus the Monkey finally loses his Hartlepool habitat". The Guardian. London: 16 November 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012.

External links

Coordinates: 54°41′11″N 1°12′39″W / 54.68639°N 1.21083°W

1875 Hartlepool by-election

The Hartlepools by-election of 1875 was fought on 29 July 1875. The byelection was fought due to the resignation of the incumbent Liberal MP, Thomas Richardson. It was won by the Liberal candidate Lowthian Bell.

1914 The Hartlepools by-election

The Hartlepools by-election of 1914 was held on 22 September 1914. The by-election was held due to the death of the incumbent Liberal MP, Sir Stephen Furness. It was won by the Liberal candidate Sir Walter Runciman who was unopposed due to a War-time electoral pact.

1943 The Hartlepools by-election

The Hartlepools by-election of 1943 was held on 1 June 1943. The by-election was held due to the death of the incumbent Conservative MP, William George Howard Gritten. It was won by the Conservative candidate Thomas George Greenwell, who was not opposed by a Liberal or a Labour candidate due to the war time electoral truce where the main parties pledged not to oppose each other's candidates until the end of the Second World War.

Brierton

Brierton is a small village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. The village of Brierton, is itself situated a short distance to the south-west of Hartlepool, but there is also a suburban area of Hartlepool bearing the same name. This often causes confusion, which is why the suburban area is sometimes referred to as "Brierton Lane" to differentiate between the two separate areas. The village is located up the lane which is a cul-de-sac, and very rural. Close by to the suburb, was "Brierton Hospital" which was a fever hospital. At the 2011 Census the population of the civil parish was less than 100. Details are maintained in the parish of Dalton Piercy

Dalton Piercy

Dalton Piercy is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, in England. The population of the civil parish taken at the 2011 Cernsus was 289. It is situated 1 mile east of the A19 and 1 mile to the west of Hartlepool.

Epilepsy Outlook

Epilepsy Outlook is a charity based in Hartlepool which provides free and confidential practical support, advice and information for people with epilepsy and their carers.

Their support services include supported volunteer placements, a drop-in centre, epilepsy awareness training, an art therapy group and welfare benefits advice. Each year it provides placements for 50 volunteers on the volunteer development programme, 280 people receive advice, including at least 100 carers. 50 plus people receive epilepsy awareness training. 6 people use their drop-in each week. The services are provided for people across the North-East area.

In September–October 2014, Epilepsy Outlook's headquarters, advice centre and art club moved around the corner to larger premises in The Arches, Park Road.

Graythorp

Graythorp was a village and now a trading estate within the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England.

It is located on the A178 Tees Road about 1 mile south of Hartlepool.

The village was constructed by shipbuilder William Gray and Company to house workers at his Graythorp shipyard on Greatham Creek/Seaton Channel on the River Tees.

Graythorp today is an industrial estate historically associated with a shipyard basin currently operated by Able UK as a marine recycling facility.

Greatham, County Durham

Greatham is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. The population of the civil parish (including Newton Bewley) was taken in the 2011 census was 2,132. Greatham village is located approximately three miles south of Hartlepool town centre.

Hart, County Durham

Hart is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, in England. It is situated to the north-west of central Hartlepool.

Hartlepool

Hartlepool ( HART-li-pool) is a town in County Durham, England. The town lies on the North Sea coast, 7 1⁄2 miles (12 km) north of Middlesbrough and 17 miles (27 km) south of Sunderland. The town is governed as part of the Borough of Hartlepool, a unitary authority which also controls outlying villages such as Seaton Carew, Greatham and Elwick.

Hartlepool was founded in the 7th century, around the monastery of Hartlepool Abbey. The village grew in the Middle Ages and its harbour served as the official port of the County Palatine of Durham. After a railway link from the north was established from the South Durham coal fields, an additional link from the south, in 1835, together with a new port, resulted in further expansion, with the new town of West Hartlepool. Industrialisation and the start of a shipbuilding industry in the later part of the 19th century caused Hartlepool to be a target for the Imperial German Navy at the beginning of the First World War. A bombardment of 1,150 shells on 16 December 1914 resulted in the death of 117 people. A severe decline in heavy industries and shipbuilding following the Second World War caused periods of high unemployment until the 1990s when major investment projects and the redevelopment of the docks area into a marina saw a rise in the town's prospects.

Hartlepool Borough Council

Hartlepool Borough Council is the local authority of the Borough of Hartlepool. It is a unitary authority, with the powers and functions of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined. Since 2 May 2013 the council has used the leader and cabinet model of executive arrangements. Between 2002 and 2013 it used rarer mayor and cabinet model with a directly elected mayor of Hartlepool. The current civic mayor of Hartlepool for the 2017/2018 municipal year is Councillor Paul Beck.

Hartlepool Borough Council elections

Hartlepool is a unitary authority in County Durham, England. Until 1 April 1996 it was a non-metropolitan district in Cleveland. Between 2002 and 2013 it also had a directly elected mayor, currently it is governed by the 33 member Hartlepool Borough Council.

Hartlepool Electric Tramways

The Hartlepool Electric Tramways operated a tramway service in Hartlepool between 1899 and 1927.

Hartlepool Golf Club

Hartlepool Golf Club in England was established in 1906 and in 2006 celebrated its centenary year. The course is classified as a links course and is located on the north east coast.

The course is 6202 yards long and par for the course is 70. The course record of 62 was recorded on 8 August 1997, by professional golfer Graeme Storm, the 1999 British Amateur Champion, who learned the game there.

Hartlepools Steam Tramways Company

The Hartlepools Steam Tramways operated a tramway service in Hartlepool between 1884 and 1891.

High Tunstall College of Science

High Tunstall College of Science (since 2005; previously High Tunstall Comprehensive School) is a secondary school in Hartlepool, England.

List of schools in Hartlepool

This is a list of schools in the Borough of Hartlepool in County Durham, England.

Newton Bewley

Newton Bewley is a village and civil parish in the borough of Hartlepool and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. It is situated between the towns of Hartlepool and Billingham. The postal area code is TS22 for Teesside but uses a Sedgefield telephone area code. At the 2011 census the population of the civil parish was less than 100. Details can be found in the parish of Greatham.

Seaton Carew railway station

Seaton Carew railway station serves the village of Seaton Carew, within the borough of Hartlepool and in the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. The railway station is located on the Durham Coast Line 15 miles (24 km) north of Middlesbrough and is operated by Northern, who provide all of the station's passenger services. It was opened in 1841 by the Stockton and Hartlepool Railway.

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