The Silver Jubilee Bridge at dusk
Latin: Industria Navem Implet
(Industry fills the ship)
Halton shown within Cheshire
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|1998 (Unitary authority)|
|• Type||Unitary authority|
|• Body||Halton Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader and cabinet|
|• Leader||Rob Polhill|
|• Mayor||John Bradshaw|
|• Chief Executive||David Parr|
|• Borough||30.53 sq mi (79.08 km2)|
|• Density||4,180/sq mi (1,613/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
|Dialling code||0151 Widnes and Hale Village, 01928 Runcorn, 01925 Daresbury|
|ISO 3166 code||GB-HAL|
|NUTS 3 code||UKD71|
|Major railway stations||Runcorn (C1)|
|MPs||Derek Twigg (L)|
Mike Amesbury (L)
|European Parliament||North West England|
|Ambulance service||North West|
Halton is a local government district in the ceremonial county of Cheshire in North West England, with borough status and administered by a unitary authority. It was created in 1974 as a district of the non-metropolitan county of Cheshire, and became a unitary authority area on 1 April 1998 under Halton Borough Council. Since 2014 it has been a member of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority. The borough consists of the towns of Runcorn and Widnes and the civil parishes of Hale, Daresbury, Moore, Preston Brook, Halebank and Sandymoor. The district borders Merseyside, Warrington and Cheshire West and Chester. The borough straddles the River Mersey – the area to the north (including Widnes) is historically part of Lancashire, that to the south (including Runcorn) part of Cheshire.
Although Halton dates back to the 12th century (and beyond) when land on both sides of the river belonged to the Barony of Halton, the origin of the District Council was the outcome of the local government commission's suggested reforms of England, in 1969, the Redcliffe-Maud Report. This proposed to create metropolitan counties constituted of metropolitan district councils in the most urbanised parts of England. The model was that of the London Boroughs and Greater London Council formed in 1965. Southern Lancashire and northern Cheshire were among these urban areas, and two new metropolitan Counties were to be formed around Liverpool (as Merseyside) and Manchester (as Greater Manchester). However, the towns of Widnes and Runcorn (and the County Borough of Warrington) which lay between these were reluctant to join either. The Commission agreed that Halton and Warrington would become districts within Cheshire, as they would be detached from Lancashire by the two new metropolitan counties controlling the territory to the north.
The district was formally established on 1 April 1974 from Runcorn urban district and part of Runcorn Rural District from Cheshire, and the borough of Widnes and the parish of Hale from the Whiston Rural District in Lancashire. On 1 April 1998 Halton became an independent unitary authority, though it is still served by Cheshire Police and Cheshire Fire and Rescue Service, and forms part of Cheshire for ceremonial purposes, such as the Lord Lieutenancy.
On 1 April 2014 Halton became part of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority, joining the local authorities of Liverpool, Sefton, Wirral, Knowsley and St Helens, the five metropolitan district councils which constitute the county of Merseyside. This effectively reverses the position adopted in the 1970s which created it as an anomaly. As a unitary authority its status is similar to the metropolitan district councils.
The population of Halton is 128,432 (mid-2018 est.). The change in population during the 20th century is shown in the following table.
|Source: <2011:, 2011:|
In the 2011 census, Christianity was the main religion in Halton at 75%, well above the national average for England of 59.4%. 18.7% stated that they had "no religion". Those stating their religions as Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Islam or Sikh amounted to 0.8%.
In the 2011 census, 97.8% of Halton residents identified as White and 2% were Non-White. From the 2011 School Census, the main first language apart from English was Polish.
Halton is an industrial and logistics hub with noticeably higher than average levels of employment in manufacturing (particularly of chemicals and advanced manufacturing); energy; wholesale and retail; and transport and storage compared to the average for England. The wages of employees in Halton are slightly higher than the average for England and significantly higher than the average for the North West and the Liverpool City Region.
Business survival rates are also significantly higher than both the regional and national averages.
Halton is twinned with:
The Widnes by-election of 1916 was held on 22 May 1916. The by-election was held due to the incumbent Conservative MP, William Walker resigning to permit him to donate his entire thoroughbred racing stock to create a National Stud in an arm's-length transaction. He was returned unopposed at the by-election.1919 Widnes by-election
The Widnes by-election of 1919 was held on 30 August 1919. The by-election was held due to the elevation to the peerage of the incumbent Coalition Conservative MP, William Walker. It was won by the Labour candidate Arthur Henderson.Farnworth, Cheshire
Farnworth is part of the town of Widnes which is in the Borough of Halton in the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It was a village in south Lancashire between Prescot and Penketh. Its name is now that of an electoral ward in the Borough of Halton with a population in 2004 of 6,300.Hale, Halton
Hale is a village and civil parish in the Halton unitary authority of Cheshire, England. According to the 2001 Census it had a population of 1,898.
The village is north of the River Mersey, and just to the east of the boundary with Merseyside. It is 2½ miles east of Speke in Liverpool, and 4 miles south-west of Widnes. The nearby village of Halebank is to the north-east.
Historically part of Lancashire, until 1 April 1974 the area formed part of the Whiston Rural District.Halebank
Halebank is a civil parish in the borough of Halton, Cheshire, England. The area locally referred to as Halebank was officially created by the Halton (Parish Electoral Arrangements) Order 2008. The parish lies in the western part of the town of Widnes.Halton Borough Council elections
Halton is a unitary authority in Cheshire, England. Until 1 April 1998 it was a non-metropolitan district.Halton Transport
Halton Transport is a bus operator running within the Borough of Halton (including the towns of Widnes and Runcorn) and into the surrounding area, including Warrington, St Helens, Prescot, Whiston, Huyton and Liverpool.Hough Green railway station
Hough Green railway station is a railway station to the west of Widnes in Halton, Cheshire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade listed building. The station is on the Liverpool-Warrington-Manchester Line 10 miles 42 chains (16.9 km) east of Liverpool Lime Street and all trains serving it are operated by Northern.List of Cheshire settlements by population
This is a list of settlements in Cheshire by population based on the results of the 2011 census. The next United Kingdom census will take place in 2021. In 2011, there were 25 built-up area subdivisions with 5,000 or more inhabitants in Cheshire, shown in the table below.List of schools in Halton
This is a list of schools in the Borough of Halton in Cheshire, England.Listed buildings in Halton, Cheshire
The following articles contain lists of listed buildings in the borough of Halton in Cheshire, England:
Listed buildings in Hale, Halton
Listed buildings in Runcorn (rural area)
Listed buildings in Runcorn (urban area)
Listed buildings in WidnesOrmiston Bolingbroke Academy
Ormiston Bolingbroke Academy is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form with academy status in Runcorn, Cheshire.The school is named after Henry Bolingbroke, who became King Henry IV of England. The school is sponsored by the Ormiston Academies Trust and the University of Chester.Brookvale Comprehensive School merged with Norton Priory School and was renamed Halton High School. Halton was converted to academy status in September 2010 and was renamed Ormiston Bolingbroke Academy. Though it is no longer a community school directly administered by Halton Borough Council, Ormiston Bolingbroke Academy continues to coordinate with Halton Borough Council for admissions.In 2017, the school caused controversy when it banned a student, who had successfully battled cancer, from attending prom due to her lack of school attendance.Ormiston Chadwick Academy
Ormiston Chadwick Academy (from 2014, prior to which it was called The Bankfield School) is a coeducational secondary school with academy status, located in Widnes in the English county of Cheshire.Preston Brook
Preston Brook is a civil parish in the borough of Halton, a unitary authority in the ceremonial county of Cheshire. It is located to the south-east of Runcorn and south-west of Warrington, adjacent to the M56 motorway. It contains the villages of Preston Brook and Preston on the Hill.
In the 2001 Census, the civil parish of Preston Brook had 312 dwellings and 716 residents. Approximately 3,000 people are employed in the area. Preston Brook has a small industrial park called Abbot's Park, formerly used by the mobile telephone company O2 and Wincanton Logistics, though it is now used by Capita, Marks & Spencer, O2, First Group and Tesco Mobile.
The Bridgewater Canal runs from Manchester through Preston Brook where it divides into two branches. One branch leads to Runcorn where it used to join the Manchester Ship Canal, and before that the River Mersey, while the other branch joins the Trent and Mersey Canal at the Preston Brook canal tunnel.
The community has a website and a bi-monthly newsletter.Riverside College, Widnes
Riverside College is a further education college based over two sites in the Widnes, Cheshire, England. The college was established from the merger of Halton College and Widnes & Runcorn Sixth Form College in August 2006. Today, Riverside College has two campuses in Widnes (53.3642°N 2.7345°W / 53.3642; -2.7345 (Riverside College, Kingsway Campus), 53.3892°N 2.7466°W / 53.3892; -2.7466 (Riverside College, Cronton Campus)).
The college provides a range of courses, including GCSEs, A Levels, BTECs, Apprenticeships and Access courses. In addition, the college offers some higher education courses, in conjunction with Edge Hill University, Liverpool John Moores University and Staffordshire University.Sandymoor School
Sandymoor School is a secondary free school in the Parish of Sandymoor, Runcorn, Cheshire, England. The school opened in September 2012 in temporary premises, and relocated to a new permanent home in 2014.The Grange Academy, Runcorn
The Grange Academy is a coeducational academy school in Runcorn, Cheshire. It is an all-through school providing primary and secondary education for pupils aged 3 to 16.Formerly The Grange Comprehensive School, in June 2007 plans were announced for the school to close and to merge with The Heath School in 2012. However, the Education & Skills Select Committee raised objections to the proposal and it was decided that the school would join the adjacent Grange Nursery School, The Grange Infant School and The Grange Junior School to be an all-through school to be named The Grange School. Following improved examination results in 2008, the plan to merge with The Heath School was cancelled and the school became all-through in September 2010.The Heath School
The Heath School is a mixed secondary school in Runcorn, Cheshire, England.
Formerly a community school administered by Halton Borough Council, the school converted to academy status in September 2012. The school continues to coordinate with the council for admissions. In April 2016 planning permission was sought for a complete rebuild of the school on the same site. The work was completed in January 2018.Wade Deacon High School
Wade Deacon High School is a coeducational secondary school with academy status, located in Widnes, Cheshire, England.