Bori Bunder (alternatively "Bori Bandar") is an area along the Eastern shore line of Mumbai, India.
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This place was used as a storehouse for goods imported and exported from Mumbai. In the native slang, 'Bori' mean sack and 'Bandar' means Bhandaar or store; Bandar also means port; So Bori Bunder literally means a place where sacks are stored.
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1853.1888 in architecture
The year 1888 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.1888 in rail transport
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1888.April 16
April 16 is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 259 days remain until the end of the year.Bhandup
Bhandup is a suburban community within the Municipal Corporation of Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, in the state of Maharashtra, India and is also the name of a Bhandup railway station on the Mumbai suburban railway on the Central Railway line. The word Bhandup is derived from the name Bhandupeshwar, which is one of the names of Lord Shiva. An old temple dedicated to Lord Shiva - the Bhandupeshwar Mahadev Mandir - still stands in Bhandup West.Bori Bunder railway station
Bori Bunder railway station was a railway station, situated at Bori Bunder, Mumbai, Maharashtra, in India. It was from here that first passenger train of the subcontinent ran to Thane in 1853. This station was rebuilt as Victoria Terminus later in 1888.Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (station code: CSTM/ST (local)), formerly known as Victoria Terminus (station code: BBVT/VT), is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways. The station was designed by Frederick William Stevens according to the concept of Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and meant to be a similar revival of Indian Goth (classical era) architecture. The station was built in 1887 in the Bori Bunder area of Mumbai to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. The new railway station was built to the south of the old Bori Bunder railway station. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India, serving as a terminal for both long-distance trains and suburban trains. The station's name was changed from Victoria Terminus (code BBVT) to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (code CST) in March 1996 in honour of Emperor Chhatrapati Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire. In 2017, the station was again renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (code CSTM). However, both the former name “VT” and the current name “CST” are popularly used.Economy of India under the British Raj
The Indian economy under the British Raj describes the economy of India during the years of the British Raj, from 1858 to 1947. During this period, according to British economist Angus Maddison, India's share of the world economy collapsed from 24.4% in 1700 to 4.2% in 1950. India experienced deindustrialization. Compared to the Mughal Era, India during the British colonial era had a lower per-capita income, a large decline in the secondary sector, and lower levels of urbanisation.History of rail transport in India
Rail transport in India began during the early nineteenth century.Howrah–Nagpur–Mumbai line
The Howrah–Nagpur–Mumbai line (also known as Mumbai-Kolkata line) is a railway line in India connecting Kolkata and Mumbai via Nagpur. The 1,968 km (1,223 mi) railway line was opened to traffic in 1900.Indian Railways
Indian Railways (IR) is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways. It manages the fourth largest railway network in the world by size, with 67,368-kilometre (41,861 mi) route.. Routes are electrified with 25 kV AC electric traction while thirty three percent of them are double or multi-tracked.Indian Railway (IR) runs more than 20,000 passenger trains daily, on both long-distance and suburban routes, from 7,349 stations across India. The trains have a five-digit numbering system. Mail or express trains, the most common types, run at an average speed of 50.6 kilometres per hour (31.4 mph). In the freight segment, IR runs more than 9,200 trains daily. The average speed of freight trains is around 24 kilometres per hour (15 mph).As of March 2017, IR's rolling stock consisted of 277,987 freight wagons, 70,937 passenger coaches and 11,452 locomotives. IR owns locomotive and coach-production facilities at several locations in India. The world's eighth-largest employer, it had 1.308 million employees as of March 2017.In the year ending March 2018, IR carried 8.26 billion passengers and transported 1.16 billion tonnes of freight. In the fiscal year 2017–18, IR is projected to have revenue of ₹1.874 trillion (US$26 billion), consisting of ₹1.175 trillion (US$16 billion) in freight revenue and ₹501.25 billion (US$7.0 billion) in passenger revenue, with an operating ratio of 96.0 percent.Mumba Devi Temple
Mumba Devi Mandir is an old temple in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra dedicated to the goddess Mumbā, the local incarnation of the Devi (Mother Goddess). Marathi Mumbā derives from Sanskrit
While Hindu sects devoted to the goddess Mumbadevi are attested to as far back as the 15th century, it is said that the temple was built in 1675 near the main landing site of the former Bori Bunder creek against the north wall of the English Fort Saint George by a Hindu woman also named Mumba. The creek and fort are now deteriorated to a point at which they are but derelict reminders of the city's past. The temple, on the other hand, is still active.The goddess Mumba was patron of the Marathi-speaking agris (salt collectors) and kolis (fisherfolk), the original inhabitants of the seven islands of Bombay. She is depicted as a black stone sculpture in the temple. An etymology of Mumba that is popular is "Maha Amba," or "Great Mother," one of the many of India's more well-known names for the Hindu Mother Goddess (Devi). Located in Bhuleshwar area in South Mumbai, the temple is in the heart of the steel and clothing markets. It is a sacred pilgrimage spot and place of worship for Hindus and is thus visited daily by hundreds of people. It is not uncommon for visitors of Mumbai to pay their respects at the temple and is one of the tourist destinationMumbai Suburban Railway
Mumbai Suburban Railway consists of exclusive inner suburban railway lines augmented by commuter rail on main lines serving outlying suburbs to serve the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. Spread over 390 kilometres (240 mi), the suburban railway operates 2,342 train services and carries more than 7.5 million commuters daily. By annual ridership (2.64 billion), the Mumbai Suburban Railway is one of the busiest commuter rail systems in the world and it has the most severe overcrowding in the world. Trains run from 04:00 until 01:00, and some trains also run up to 02:30.Royapuram railway station
Royapuram railway station is a railway station at Royapuram, on the Chennai Beach–Arakkonam section of the Chennai Suburban Railway network in Chennai, India. It is one of the oldest railway stations currently operational in India (the original structures of the two older stations, Bombay and Thane, are no longer operational) and the first railway station of South India. The first train of South India started operating in June 1856 from Royapuram railway station. The station also remained the headquarters of the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway till 1922, when the headquarters was shifted to Egmore. Since the original structures of Bombay and Thane stations no longer exist, Royapuram station remains the oldest railway station in the entire subcontinent.Owing to lack of maintenance, Royapuram railway station building was degraded to a dilapidated condition over the decades. One end of the station, which was formerly used as a military platform, became a playground with most of the area covered with overgrown scrub vegetation. The other end of the station is being used for the transport of goods trains and the platform adjacent the main building is utilised for passenger trains. In 2005, the building was refurbished at an estimated cost of ₹ 3.5 million and was re-opened to the public on 2 October 2005 by the then union minister of state for railways, Velu. It is the oldest surviving railway station structures of the Indian Railways, as well as the Indian subcontinent.The Justice Padmanabhan committee, constituted by the Tamil Nadu state government, has identified the station as among the 800 heritage structures. As per the city's list of heritage structures, the station is under the Grade I category.Tanks of Bombay
Although the tanks have long vanished, the city of Bombay (now Mumbai) once had many water tanks within its city limits. They were once the only source of water to the city. The only testimony to their existence is the names of the roads in their vicinity, which befuddles many citizens as to the original location to these mystifying relics of the past.
The oldest tank was the Cowasjee Patel Tank built in 1775. A total of ten tanks were built between the eighteenth and nineteenth century. The tanks were named after philanthropic citizens who donated money to fund the building of these tanks so that the citizens of the city would get a fresh source of drinking water. The tanks were:
Cowasji Rustamji Patel Tank (CP Tank)
Framjee Cowasji Tank
Bandra TankOut of the list only the Banganga Tank and the Bandra Tank are still in existence today.Thane railway station
Thane (formerly Thana, station code: TNA) is a major railway station on the Central line of the Indian Railways System
It is a part of the Mumbai Suburban Railway network. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India. Thane was ranked as the busiest railway station on the Mumbai suburban network, followed by Andheri and Kalyan. As of 2013, Thane railway station handles 600,000 people daily. More than 1,000 trains visit the station each day, including 130-140 long distance trains.
The station has ten platforms; platform numbers 1 to 3 are reserved for slow trains platform number 4 serves both slow and fast trains and platform numbers 5 to 8 for fast trains & long distance trains, 9 and 10 for trains going towards Vashi, Nerul & Panvel.Timeline of Mumbai
The History of Mumbai, can be traced back to 600 BC, when evidences of the first known settlement, here have been discovered.Trams in India
Trams in India were established in the late-19th century. Horse-drawn trams were introduced in Kolkata in 1873; electric trams began in Chennai in 1895, and trams were also introduced in Mumbai, Nashik, Kanpur, Kochi, Patna and Bhavnagar. They were discontinued in all Indian cities between 1930 and 1970, except for Kolkata.Transport in Chennai
Transport in Chennai includes various modes of air, sea, road and rail transportation in the city and its suburbs.