Borchert Field

Borchert Field was a baseball park in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States.[2] The home field for several professional baseball clubs from 1888 through 1952, it became obsolete after the construction of County Stadium in 1953 and was demolished later that year. The site is now covered by Interstate 43.[3]

The park was built on a rectangular block bounded by North 7th, 8th, Chambers, and Burleigh Streets.[4][5] Home plate was at the south end (Chambers), with the outfield bounded by the outer fence, making fair territory home-plate-shaped, with short fields in left and right and very deep power alleys,[6] a configuration used by a number of ballparks of the era that were constrained by a narrow block.

The playing field's approximate elevation was 690 feet (210 m) above sea level.

Borchert Field
The Orchard
BorchertArial
Looking north at Borchert Field
Borchert Field is located in Wisconsin
Borchert Field
Borchert Field
Borchert Field is located in the United States
Borchert Field
Borchert Field
Former namesAthletic Park (1888–1927)
Address3000 N. 8th Street
LocationMilwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
Coordinates43°04′26″N 87°55′14″W / 43.074°N 87.9205°WCoordinates: 43°04′26″N 87°55′14″W / 43.074°N 87.9205°W
OwnerThe Borchert Family
Capacity13,000 (1952)
Field sizeLeft Field – 267 ft (81 m)
Left-Center – 435 ft (133 m)
Center Field – 392 ft (119 m)
Right-Center – 435 ft (133 m)
Right Field – 268 ft (82 m)
SurfaceNatural grass
Construction
Opened1888, 131 years ago
Closed1952,[1] 67 years ago
Demolished1953
Tenants
Milwaukee Creams (WL) (1888–1894)
Milwaukee Brewers (AA) (1891)
Milwaukee Brewers (AA) (1902–1952)
Milwaukee Badgers (NFL) (1922–1926)
Milwaukee Bears (NNL) (1923)
Milwaukee Chicks (AAGPL) (1944)
Green Bay Packers (NFL) (1933)
BorchertField 1911
Colorized postcard of Athletic Park exterior, postmarked 1911

Baseball

Originally known as Athletic Park, the park opened for baseball in May, 1888.[7] During winter, it was flooded and served as an ice hockey rink. The ballfield replaced the Wright Street Grounds. (Podoll, p. 46)

The ballpark operated as the home of the Milwaukee Creams of the Western League, later renamed the Brewers. The Creams/Brewers played there through the 1894 season.

The ballfield was also sublet to the Milwaukee Brewers club of the major league American Association for the latter part of the 1891 season, replacing the disbanded Cincinnati Kelly's Killers. After the major league American Association merged into the National League in 1892, the Milwaukee franchise was discontinued.

An independent minor league named the American Association formed in 1902, including a new Milwaukee Brewers club.[8] Meanwhile, another new minor league club, the Creams, began play in a new version of the Western League. The Creams retained the lease on the Lloyd Street property, so the Brewers re-opened their 1887–1894 ballpark, initially calling it Brewer Field, although the name Athletic Park endured until around 1920. After the purchase of the Brewers by Milwaukee capitalist Otto Borchert, the club became known as Borchert Field. Its original seating capacity was 4,800 (Pajot; 2009), but was later expanded to 10,000.

Because Milwaukee was too small to support two ballclubs, the Western League entry folded after 1903. The AA Brewers played for 51 seasons before being displaced by the major league Milwaukee Braves.

Athletic Park / Brewer Field was officially renamed Borchert Field at the start of the 1928 season in honor of previous owner Otto Borchert,[2][9] who had died the previous year at a baseball dinner that was being broadcast live on the radio (Podoll, p. 218). During the 1920s, the ballpark had been unofficially dubbed "Borchert's Orchard" by the media (Podoll, p. 189).

Borchert Field was also home to the Milwaukee Bears, an entry in the Negro Leagues, and the Milwaukee Chicks of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. The Chicks won a pennant in their only year of operation.

Lights and other obstructions

Experimental night games had been staged at Borchert from time to time, using portable lighting. The trend, especially in the minor leagues, was toward night games. Permanent lights were installed at Borchert in 1935, with the first Brewers night game being held on June 6. All of the light standards were mounted on the playing field, including a set of double poles near each corner, limiting the view of the field from some box seats.

The left and right field corners were so steep and close to the field that the only observers who could see the entire field were the players themselves, and the fans in the center field bleachers. After Lou Perini bought the Brewers, he had home plate and the infield moved about 20 feet toward center field. This allowed for placing bullpens in the left and right field corners, each team's pen on the opposite side of the field from their dugout so the coaching staff could watch them. It also had the effect of allowing fans to see more fair territory than they could previously.

Bill Veeck

One of the more colorful times for the stadium occurred during the early 1940s when Bill Veeck owned the team. The "PT Barnum of Baseball" brought an element of whimsy and marketing to the park, including fan giveaways of livestock, butter and vegetables, and staging morning games for third-shift wartime workers. According to his own autobiography, Veeck – As in Wreck, he claimed to have installed a screen to make the right field target a little more difficult for left-handed pull hitters of the opposing team. The screen was on wheels, so any given day it might be in place or not, depending on the batting strength of the opposing team.

There was no rule against that activity as such, so he got away with it, until one day when he took it to an extreme, rolling it out when the opponents batted, and reeling it back when the Brewers batted. Veeck reported that the league passed a rule against it the very next day. It has been speculated that the story was made up by Veeck; research by two members of the Society for American Baseball Research revealed no evidence of either a movable fence or any gear (pulleys, etc.) required for it to work.[10] As early as 1944, newspapers were reporting on the story of the screens, though specifics have been elusive.

In that same book Veeck wrote: "Borchert Field, an architectural monstrosity, was so constructed that the fans on the first-base side of the grandstand couldn't see the right fielder, which seemed perfectly fair in that the fans on the third-base side couldn't see the left fielder. 'Listen,' I told them. 'This way you'll have to come back twice to see the whole team.'" Veeck's comments referred to the exceptionally high corners, which could theoretically hide the closest outfielder from a given spectator's view at times.

Football

The Milwaukee Badgers, who played in the National Football League from 1922 to 1926, staged their home games at Borchert Field.[11]

Borchert Field was also the host to the first Green Bay Packers game held in Milwaukee,[12] a 10–7 loss to the New York Giants on October 1, 1933.[13][14] The Packers played games in Milwaukee at County Stadium starting in 1953 through 1994.[14][15]

Later years

Borchert county postcard
Postcard advertising the "new home" of the Milwaukee Brewers in 1953

The ballpark suffered weather damage on June 15, 1944. During a game with Columbus, a windstorm pulled off the roof on the right side of the stands, sending debris flying and damaging some houses on 7th Street. The game was immediately stopped, ending in a tie. There were some serious injuries reported, but no known fatalities. That portion of the stands remained uncovered for the remaining years of the park's existence.

The final game at the ballpark came on September 21, 1952, a Brewers loss to the Kansas City Blues in the American Association playoffs.

Borchert Field was too small to accommodate Major League Baseball. Milwaukee's city fathers, looking to attract a major league franchise, built County Stadium to replace Borchert Field. It was intended that the Brewers would play in County Stadium in the 1953 season,[1] but early that year their parent club, the Boston Braves, relocated to Milwaukee, so the final season of baseball at Borchert Field also turned out to be the last season of Brewers minor league baseball. The minor league franchise remained the Braves' top affiliate, moving to Toledo, where it was the next incarnation of the Mud Hens for three seasons, through 1955.

After the stands were demolished, the field remained for some ten years as a recreational area. Later, the former site of the ballpark (and the entire block) became fully occupied by Interstate 43, Milwaukee's major north-south freeway, just north of exit 74 (Locust Street). Many of the houses on 7th and 8th streets facing the park still exist, now facing the highway, for which 7th and 8th are effectively frontage roads.

Dimensions

Dimension Distance
Left Field line 267 ft (81.4 m)
Left Center 435 ft (133 m)
Center Field 392 ft (119 m)
Right Center 435 ft (133 m)
Right Field line 268 ft (81.7 m)

Sources

  • The Minor League Milwaukee Brewers, by Brian A. Podoll, McFarland, 2003.
  • Ballparks of North America, by Michael Benson, McFarland, 1989.
  • Green Cathedrals by Phillip Lowry, Walker Books and SABR, 2006.
  • The Rise of Milwaukee Baseball, by Dennis Pajot, McFarland, 2009.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b McBride, Raymond E. (August 27, 1952). "Ceremonies observe death of a ballpark". Milwaukee Journal. p. 1, part 2.
  2. ^ a b Levy, Sam (January 15, 1952). "Ghosts of Old Borchert Field". The Milwaukee Journal. p. 14.
  3. ^ Kissinger, Meg (March 28, 1986). "A dream gone sour". The Milwaukee Journal. p. 1, part 2.
  4. ^ "Borchert Field offered to city". The Milwaukee Journal. December 3, 1951. p. 1, part 2.
  5. ^ Suycott, Caroline G. (March 11, 1988). "Knothole gang remembers life around Borchert Field". The Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 1, part 3.
  6. ^ Wolf, Bob (June 23, 1978). "Way back then, at old Borchert Field". The Milwaukee Journal. p. 8, part 2.
  7. ^ 1940-1949
  8. ^ mkeonline.com - Home brewed
  9. ^ Minor League Baseball: History: Top 100 Teams
  10. ^ Lowry, Phillip (2005). Green Cathedrals. New York City: Walker & Company. ISBN 0-8027-1562-1.
  11. ^ Larsen, Lloyd (August 19, 1960). "Recalling Bears' invasions of Borchert Field long ago". Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 3, part 2.
  12. ^ "Crowd of 13,000 to see Giants and Packers here". The Milwaukee Journal. October 1, 1933. p. 2, sports.
  13. ^ "Giants fail to score a first down but beat Packers, 10 to 7". The Milwaukee Journal. October 2, 1933. p. 6, part 2.
  14. ^ a b Romell, Rick (October 13, 1994). "Packers played long and well in Milwaukee". Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 5A.
  15. ^ Vanden Brook, Tom (December 16, 1994). "Packin' it in". The Milwaukee Journal. p. A, special section.

External links

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Milwaukee Mile
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1922 – 1926
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Lloyd Street Grounds
1899 Illinois Fighting Illini football team

The 1899 Illinois Fighting Illini football team was an American football team that represented the University of Illinois during the 1899 college football season. In their fifth season under head coach George Huff, the Illini compiled a 3–5–1 record and finished in a tie for last place in the Western Conference. Center E. C. McLane was the team captain.

1933 Green Bay Packers season

The 1933 Green Bay Packers season was their 15th season overall and their 13th season in the National Football League (NFL). This was the first year of divisional play and Green Bay competed in the Western Division. The club posted a 5–7–1 record under coach Curly Lambeau, the first losing season in team history. Beginning this season, the Packers began playing some home game in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, at Borchert Field to draw additional revenue, starting October 1, 1933, against the New York Giants.

1939 NFL Championship Game

The 1939 National Football League Championship Game was the seventh league championship game of the National Football League (NFL), held on December 10 at Wisconsin State Fair Park in West Allis, Wisconsin, a suburb west of Milwaukee.

The New York Giants (9–1–1) were the defending champions and traveled west to Wisconsin to play the Western Division champion Green Bay Packers (9–2). The teams had met in the previous year's title game in New York City, which the Giants won by six points, but did not play each other in the 1939 regular season. For the title game in Wisconsin, the Packers were favored by ten points.The host Packers scored a touchdown in the first quarter and led 7–0 at halftime. They dominated in the second half to win 27–0 and secure their fifth title—two more than any other franchise. At the time, it was the highest attended sporting event in the Milwaukee area.The "Dairy Bowl" football stadium was dedicated at halftime with the breaking of a bottle of milk. On hand were Governor Julian Heil and Mayor Daniel Hoan of Milwaukee.

1944 All-American Girls Professional Baseball League season

The 1944 All-American Girls Professional Baseball League season marked the second season of the circuit. The AAGPBL expanded in its second year of existence by adding two franchises to the original four-team format. At this point, the Milwaukee Chicks and the Minneapolis Millerettes joined the Kenosha Comets, Racine Belles, Rockford Peaches and South Bend Blue Sox. The number of games in the schedule also increased to 118, while the final Scholarship Series faced first-half winner Kenosha against Milwaukee, second-half champ, in a Best of Seven Series.In that season the ball was decreased in size from 12 inches to 11½ inches. In addition, the base paths were lengthened to 68 feet. As a result, batting averages decreased to low .200 as pitching continued to dominate for second straight season. No batters surpassed the .300 mark, with South Bend's Betsy Jochum collecting the highest average at .296. Once again Kenosha's Helen Nicol led all pitchers in earned run average, turning in a minuscule 0.98 mark, while Minneapolis' Annabelle Lee hurled the first perfect game in league history against Kenosha. Among pitchers who threw no-hitters were Rockford's Carolyn Morris (two) and Mary Pratt, and Kenosha' Elise Harney and Nicol.The final series was extended from three to seven games. The series went to the limit of seven games and Milwaukee clinched the championship, four to three. Despite losing Game 1, Connie Wisniewski earned the four wins to set a series record, pitching a four-hit shutout in decisive Game 7 to give the Chicks the title.Although the Chicks won the championship, they had no local financial backing and could not compete with the American Association Milwaukee Brewers. In fact, the Chicks were forced to play all seven games of the series at Kenosha's Lake Front Stadium because the Brewers were using the Borchert Field in Milwaukee. In addition, the high ticket prices charged for AAGPBL games failed to encourage significant fan support. Due to lack of community support and skepticism of journalists, the Chicks moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan prior to the 1945 season.The AAGPBL drew 260,000 fans during the 1944 season, which represented a 49 percent raise over the previous year.

Eclipse Park (Milwaukee)

Eclipse Park, also known as Milwaukee Base-Ball Grounds, is a former baseball ground located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. The ground was home to the Milwaukee Grays of the National League during the 1878 season. The first game was played on May 14 and the last on September 14.

The ballpark was on the block bounded by West Clybourn Street, West Michigan Street, North Tenth Street, and North Eleventh Street. Like another baseball stadium which succeeded it in Milwaukee, Borchert Field, the ballpark's site now contains Interstate 43, along with the northern quadrant of the Marquette Interchange.

Flag of Milwaukee

The official flag of Milwaukee was adopted in 1954.

Josephine Kabick

Josephine Kabick [Jo] (March 27, 1922 – February 8, 1978) was a female pitcher who played from 1944 through 1947 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 7 in (1.70 m), 142 lb., Kabick batted and threw right-handed. She was born in Detroit, Michigan.Kabick entered the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League in 1944 with the expansion Milwaukee Chicks, playing for them one year before joining the Grand Rapids Chicks (1945–46), Kenosha Comets (1946) and Peoria Redwings (1947). In her rookie season she posted a 26–19 record with 81 strikeouts in 45 pitching appearances, while leading the league in victories and innings of work (366).In 1944 the Chicks, managed by Max Carey and supported by Kabick, slugger Merle Keagle, and the speedy Alma Ziegler, finished 30–26 in the first half of the year and dominated the second half (40-19) to collect the best overall record (70-45). They then went on to win the Championship Title, beating Kenosha in seven games.Although the Chicks captured the AAGPBL championship, they had no local financial backing and could not compete with the American Association Milwaukee Brewers. In fact, the Chicks were forced to play all seven games of the series at Kenosha's Lake Front Stadium because the Brewers were using the Borchert Field in Milwaukee. Due to lack of community support and the vaunted skepticism of journalists, the team moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan, prior to the 1945 season.But Kabick was unable to repeat her heroics for the 1945 season, while her teammate Connie Wisniewski emerged as one of the most dominant pitchers of the league. After pitching in the two cities, Kabick was dealt to Kenosha during the midseason. She slipped to a combined 16–18 record that year.In 1946 Kabick improved to 19–19 with Kenosha, a pretty good performance considering her team finished seventh in the eight-team league with a losing record of 42–70, but then she found herself on the move again. This time Kabick went 13–16 for the fifth-place Peoria Redwings (55-57) in 1947, during what turned out to be her last AAGPBL season.Kabick died in Florida at the age of 55. Ten years after her death she became part of the AAGPBL permanent display at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum at Cooperstown, New York, opened in 1988, which is dedicated to the entire league rather than any individual player.

List of Green Bay Packers stadiums

The Green Bay Packers are a professional American football team based in Green Bay, Wisconsin. Since their establishment as a professional football team in 1919, the Packers have played home games in eight stadiums. Their first home was Hagemeister Park, where they played from 1919 to 1922, including their first two seasons in the National Football League (NFL). Hagemeister Park was a park owned by the Hagemeister Brewery. During games ropes were set-up around the field and attendees either walked up or parked their cars nearby. After the first season, a small grandstand was built and the field was fenced off. Green Bay East High School was built at the location of Hagemeister Park in 1922, which forced the Packers to move to Bellevue Park, a small minor league baseball stadium that seated about 5,000. They only played for two seasons at Bellevue Park before moving to City Stadium in 1925. Although City Stadium was the Packers' official home field, in 1933 they began to play some of their home games in Milwaukee to attract more fans and revenue. After hosting one game at Borchert Field in 1933, the Packers played two or three home games each year in Milwaukee, at Wisconsin State Fair Park from 1934 to 1951 and at Marquette Stadium in 1952. The games were moved to Milwaukee County Stadium after it opened in 1953 and continued through 1994, after which the Packers moved back to Green Bay permanently.As of 2018, the current home of the Green Bay Packers is Lambeau Field, an 81,435 seating capacity stadium in Green Bay, Wisconsin. By the 1950s, City Stadium was seen by the NFL as too small and outdated to host an NFL team. After threats of forcing the team to move to Milwaukee, the City of Green Bay built New City Stadium, which was funded by a voter-approved bond issue, in 1957. In April 1956, Green Bay voters overwhelmingly approved the bond issue to finance the new stadium. After the Packers founder Curly Lambeau died in 1965, the stadium was renamed to Lambeau Field in his honor. Its original capacity was 32,500 seats, although it was continually expanded from 1961 to 1995 to a capacity of 60,890 seats. The stadium was farther renovated from 2001 to 2003 to increase capacity to 72,515, while also updating various aspects of the stadium. Over 7,000 more seats were added to the south endzone in 2013 and the Lambeau Field Atrium was expanded in 2015. These renovations increased the stadium's capacity to 81,435, making it the third largest football stadium in America. Lambeau Field has been continuously ranked as one of the best stadiums in the NFL NFL. As of 2018, it is also the oldest continually operating NFL stadium, with the Packers having completed their 61st season. Only the Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park and the Chicago Cubs at Wrigley Field have longer active home-field tenures in American professional sports.

List of baseball parks in Milwaukee

This is a list of venues used for professional baseball in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, presented in chronological order.

(1) West End Grounds

Occupants: Milwaukee West Ends – independent (1876) – League Alliance (1877)

Location: Wells Avenue, near city limits(2) Milwaukee Base-Ball Grounds

Occupants: Milwaukee Brewers or Grays – National League (1878)

Location: West Clybourn Street (south); North 10th Street (east); North 11th Street (west); Clermont Street Teed into Clybourn from the south

Currently: Underneath the Marquette Interchange of the freeway system(3) Wright Street Grounds

Occupants:

Milwaukee Brewers a.k.a. "Cream City" – Northwestern League (1884) – joined Union Association (1884 part) – Western League (1885) – Northwestern League (1886–1887)

Neutral site for Chicago White Stockings – NL – vs. Buffalo and vs. Providence, one game apiece in Sept 1885.

Location: West Clarke, North 11th, North 12th, West Wright streets(4) Athletic Park

Occupants:

Milwaukee Creams or Brewers – Western League (1888–1894)

Milwaukee Brewers – American Association (1891 last half)

Location: same as Borchert Field (see below)(5) Lloyd Street Grounds

Occupants:

Milwaukee Brewers – Western League (1895–1900) became American League (1901) (club moved to St. Louis 1902)

Milwaukee Creams – Western League (1902–1903)

Location: West Lloyd Street (south, home plate); houses and businesses, and West North Avenue (north, center field); North 16th Street (east, right field/first base); houses and North 18th Street (west, left field/third base)(6) Borchert Field (previously Athletic Park and Brewer Field)

Occupants:

Milwaukee Brewers – American Association (1902–1952)

Milwaukee Bears – Negro National League (1923)

Milwaukee Chicks – All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (1944)

Location: North 7th Street (first base, east); North 8th Street (third base, west); Chambers Street (home plate, south); Burleigh Street (north, center field)(7) Milwaukee County Stadium

Occupants:

Milwaukee Braves – National League (1953–1965)

Chicago White Sox – American League (some games during 1968–1969)

Milwaukee Brewers – American League (1970–1997); moved to National League (1998–2000)

Location: 201 S. 46th St – Southwest of the intersection of Interstate 94 (I-94), U.S. Highway 41 (US 41), and Wisconsin Highway 341 (WIS 341).

Currently: Structure razed in 2001, infield remains as Little League Baseball park Helfaer Field(8) Miller Park

Occupant: Milwaukee Brewers – National League (2001–present)

Location: 1 Brewers Way – Next to County Stadium site – Southwest of the intersection of I-94, US 41, and Miller Park Way (WIS 341).

Lloyd Street Grounds

Lloyd Street Grounds was a baseball park located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It was used by two different professional baseball clubs during 1895–1903.

The field was situated about one mile northwest of downtown Milwaukee in the eastern part of a block bounded by West North Avenue on the north, North 16th Street on the east, North 18th Street on the west and West Lloyd Street on the south. The field faced due north, so Lloyd Street ran directly behind home plate and the grandstand.

Marjorie Peters

Marjorie L. "Marge" Peters (September 11, 1918 – April 1, 2016) was an American baseball player. She was a pitcher who played from 1943 to 1944 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 2 in (1.57 m), 112 lb. (57 k), she batted and threw right-handed.Marjorie Peters was one of the sixty original players to join the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League for its inaugural season. She also has the distinction of having pitched the first ball in the first game ever played in the league.Born in Greenfield, Wisconsin, Peters started to play softball as a seven-year-old in the parks of her homeland. Known as the athlete of her family, she was a tennis star, speed skater and bike racer as a young girl. During World War II she went to work at a Defense Logistics Agency. Her interest in sports led her to attend an AAGPBL tryout at Borchert Field in Milwaukee and she was invited to the final tryout at Wrigley Field in Chicago. She made the final cuts and was assigned to the Rockford Peaches, playing for them two seasons.In the first game of the new league on May 30, 1943, Peters pitched against the South Bend Blue Sox in what ended up being a 14-inning game won by South Bend 4–3. She finished her rookie season with a 12–19 record and a 3.10 earned run average in 39 games, ranking sixth in complete games (24) and innings pitched (270), seventh in wins, and eighth in ERA. She also helped herself with the bat, compiling a .200 batting average (25-for-125) and one home run, driving in nine runs while scoring 24 times.Marjorie was used sparingly in 1944 and retired after marrying Donald Beane at the end of the season. Her marriage lasted until 1948. She also helped organize a professional softball league in Milwaukee that included her club, the Milwaukee Jets, which allowed her to play for a few years. In addition, she raised minks and worked at Singer Controls, retiring in 1993. She had two hip replacements after that, leaving her with a limp for the rest of her life.She is part of Women in Baseball, a permanent display based at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York, which was unveiled to honor the entire All-American Girls Professional Baseball League in 1988.

Marjorie Peters later became a long time resident of West Allis, Wisconsin, where she was invited to throw out the inaugural first pitch at a game of the VMP Super Senior Softball League in August 2015 at McCarty Park. She died in April 2016 at the age of 97.

Milwaukee Badgers

The Milwaukee Badgers were a professional American football team, based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, that played in the National Football League from 1922 to 1926. The team played its home games at Athletic Park, later known as Borchert Field, on Milwaukee's north side. The team was notable for having a large number of African-American players for the time.After the team folded following the 1926 season (largely due to being left broke because of a $500 fine by the NFL for using four high-school players in a 1925 game against the Chicago Cardinals, a game arranged after the Badgers had disbanded for the season), many of its members played for the independent semi-pro Milwaukee Eagles. A few of the players from this team went on to play for the NFL's Pittsburgh Pirates in 1933. This has led some to mistakenly believe that either the Badgers or Eagles became the Pittsburgh Steelers.

The Milwaukee market is now claimed by the Green Bay Packers, who played three or four regular season games there from 1933–94, including the 1939 NFL Championship Game and the 1967 NFL Championship Game. The Packers still reserve two games a season for their old Milwaukee season ticket holders, and have their flagship radio station there as well.

Milwaukee Brewers (1886–92)

The 1891 Milwaukee Brewers (sometimes called the Creams or the Cream Citys) were an American professional baseball team and a member of the minor league Western Association and Western League and the major league American Association. They were managed by Charlie Cushman and finished their major league stint with a record of 21-15. They played home games at Borchert Field, which was known as Athletic Field or Athletic Park in 1891.

Seven of the eight AA clubs completed the 1891 season, but on August 17 the Cincinnati Kelly's Killers dropped out and the Brewers were recruited to finish the season. Afterward, four clubs joined the National League, and the others were left out as the AA folded. The Brewers moved on to the newly re-formed Western League, but lasted just one more season before folding itself.

Milwaukee Brewers (American Association)

The Milwaukee Brewers were a Minor League Baseball team based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. They played in the American Association from 1902 through 1952. The 1944 and 1952 Brewers were recognized as being among the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time.

Milwaukee Chicks

The Milwaukee Chicks were a women's professional baseball team which played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League during the 1944 season. They were managed by Max Carey, former star player for the Pittsburgh Pirates and Brooklyn Robins and a future Hall of Famer.They were also known colloquially as the "Brewettes", after the city's established baseball team, and the "Schnitts" (a term for glass of beer served half-full).

Milwaukee Mile

The Milwaukee Mile is an approximately one mile-long (1.6 km) oval race track in the central United States, located on the grounds of the Wisconsin State Fair Park in West Allis, Wisconsin, a suburb west of Milwaukee. Its grandstand and bleachers seated approximately 37,000 spectators. Paved 65 years ago in 1954, it was originally a dirt track. In addition to the oval, there was a 1.8 mile (2.8 km) road circuit located on the infield.

As the oldest operating motor speedway in the world, the Milwaukee Mile’s has hosted at least one auto race every year from 1903 to 2015 (except during U.S. involvement in World War II). The track has held events sanctioned by major bodies, such as the AAA, USAC, NASCAR, CART/Champ Car World Series, and the IndyCar Series. There have also been many races in regional series such as ARTGO.

Famous racers who have competed at the track include: Barney Oldfield, Ralph DePalma, Walt Faulkner, Parnelli Jones, A. J. Foyt, Al Unser, Bobby Unser, Mario Andretti, Bobby Rahal, Jim Clark, Darrell Waltrip, Alan Kulwicki, Emerson Fittipaldi, Bobby Allison, Davey Allison, Nigel Mansell, Michael Andretti, Alex Zanardi, Harry Gant, Rusty Wallace, Walker Evans, Dario Franchitti and Bernie Eccelstone as well as current racing stars Danica Patrick, Dale Earnhardt, Jr., Jeff Gordon, Tony Kanaan, Scott Dixon, Hélio Castroneves, A. J. Foyt, IV, Simona De Silvestro, Colin Braun, Kyle Nicholas, James Davison, Paul Newman, Jay Drake, Nick Bussell, Josh Underwood, Kenny Stevens, a 5 year-old child, Sage Karam and many others.

On December 16, 2009, Wisconsin State Fair Park officials confirmed that the Milwaukee Mile would not host any NASCAR or IndyCar races in 2010. NASCAR confirmed that their June Nationwide Series date would remain in Wisconsin for 2010, as they announced they would hold a race at Road America for the first time since the Grand National Series raced there in 1956. NASCAR also announced on January 20, 2010 that the Milwaukee date for the truck series would be moved to August. The track hosted two ASA Late Model Series races in 2010.IndyCar returned to the track in 2011, but the Mile was left off of the preliminary 2012 schedule after a poorly attended 2011 event that resulted in part from an inexperienced promoter. In February 2012, it was announced that IndyCar would return to the Mile on the weekend of June 15–16. The event was promoted by Andretti Sports Marketing, owned by former Indy driver Michael Andretti, and was billed as the Milwaukee IndyFest. The event included open-wheel racing featuring the IndyCar Series and the Firestone Indy Lights, as well as a driver question period and autograph sessions, music and other attractions. The series again left after the 2015 season and since 2015 the track has hosted no major professional races.

Sports in Milwaukee

Milwaukee, Wisconsin is home to a variety of sports teams and events.

Sylvia Wronski

Sylvia Wronski [Straka] (December 2, 1924 – November 28, 1997) was a pitcher who played for parts of two seasons in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 2 in (1.57 m), 140 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.A member of the 1944 Milwaukee Chicks champion team, Sylvia Wronski played a solid role for them during her brief stint in the league. She was the dream of any manager, being a long reliever one day, volunteering to make an emergency start the next, or saving a game out the day after that.Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Sylvia was one of seven children into the family of John and Anna Wronski. She was reared in a working-class family marked by hard work for a modest income. Her father labored as a machinist, while her mother was a devoted homemaker. At an early age, Sylvia accustomed to play football with her three older brothers, taking the arms, legs and heads off her dolls, in order to use the body as a kickball. She attended grade school at St. Casimir and high school at Milwaukee Riverside, where she finally started playing organized softball for the school team before going on to play in local leagues.In May 1944, Wronski attended an AAGPBL tryout held at Borchert Field in Milwaukee. She then went to the spring training in Peru, Illinois, and was chosen to pitch on her hometown team. After that, she was sent to the West Allis league for extended training and debuted with the Chicks in late June. Wronski joined Vivian Anderson on the team, making them the only two Milwaukee natives to play for their hometown Chicks.The Milwaukee team, managed by experimented Max Carey, had a strong pitching rotation headed by Josephine Kabick, Viola Thompson and Connie Wisniewski. Together, the trio would combine to collect 64 of the 70 victories of the team in the regular season. Wronski and Clara Cook pitched occasionally and both did a good job coming out of the bullpen.Wronski made her AAGPBL debut, pitching a scoreless final inning during an 8–2 loss to the Racine Belles at Borchert Field. ״Ronie״, as her teammates nicknamed her, finished with a 4–2 record and a 3.06 earned run average in 13 pitching appearances, including four complete games and 53 innings of work.Though not a regular starter, during the midseason Wronski came within one out of hurling a no-hitter against the Racine Belles, during a shortened seven-inning first game of a doubleheader. After retiring the first two Belles hitters in their last at-bat, she allowed a single to Edythe Perlick, who eventually scored an unearned run following two fielding errors. The final score was 4–1, while she was credited with the victory. Amazingly, the durable Wronski started the next day and beat the Belles again, 8–2, allowing seven hits in a nine-inning, complete game.Milwaukee won the pennant and defeated the Kenosha Comets in the championship series. Although the Chicks won the champion title, they had no local financial backing and could not compete with the American Association Milwaukee Brewers. In fact, the Chicks were forced to play all seven games of the series at Kenosha's Lake Front Stadium, because the Brewers were using Borchert Field for their league playoffs. In addition, the high ticket prices charged for AAGPBL games failed to encourage significant fan support. Due to lack of community support and skepticism of journalists, the team moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan prior to the 1945 season and was renamed Grand Rapids Chicks.Bronski accompanied the Chicks in Grand Rapids. She pitched in only four games and did not have a decision before being released during the season. She has the distinction of having pitched in the last Chicks game played at Borchert Field, on September 3, 1944. She threw a nine-inning, complete game six-hitter for a 4–2 win against Kenosha.Sylvia married Edward Straka in 1947. The couple fostered three children – Donald, Christine and Theresa –, before Edward died of cancer in 1954 at age 29. She then had to raise her children alone while working in different jobs. As a single mother in the 1950s, she became a waitress and bowling alley cleaner in order to be home when her children were. She later worked as a factory machine operator at Cutler-Hammer (eight years) and Briggs & Stratton (21 years), often juggling three jobs at once.After retiring in 1990, she stayed physically fit later in life, playing bowling in two leagues, walking daily, and participating in water aerobics. In addition, she visited local Little League Baseball games and played catch with young ballplayers. Besides this, she stayed in her hometown and watched over her six grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.She is part of Women in Baseball, a permanent display based at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York, which was unveiled in 1988 to honor the entire All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. I was the tomboy who made good, as she described herself in an interview. Sylvia, whose childhood home was only nine blocks from Borchert Field, added that Whoever would have guessed that a grubby kid from Hubbard Street would end up at Cooperstown? Sylvia Wronski Straka died of a respiratory failure in 1997, four days short of her 73rd birthday. She is buried at Holy Cross Cemetery in Milwaukee.

Vivian Anderson (baseball)

Vivian Anderson [Sheriffs] (April 21, 1921 - December 21, 2012) was an infielder who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League during the 1944 season. Listed at 5 ft 2 in (1.57 m), 140 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Vivian Anderson played with her hometown Milwaukee Chicks in their championship season. Unfortunately, she severely injured two fingers of her throwing hand that shortened her playing career in her rookie year.At age of 13, Vivian began playing softball in a league which required its players to be 16. "I cheated on my age a little," she admitted in an interview. She attended West Division High School in Milwaukee, where she played in the school baseball and basketball teams. In 1942 she married Daniel Anderson, her assistant coach, just when she turned 21 years old. She was spotted by AAGPBL scouts while playing in a Milwaukee league, and sent her an invitation to the league's spring training camp at Peru, Illinois.״Andy״, as her teammates nicknamed her, tried out at third base and learned the skills of the game from Chicks' manager Max Carey, to become the first player from her hometown on the Milwaukee team. The strong-armed third sacker was later joined by pitcher Sylvia Wronski, making them the only two Milwaukee natives to play for their hometown Chicks.On May 27, 1944, Anderson started at third base and batted eighth in the order during the Chicks’ inaugural game at Borchert Field, a home contest. She scored the first-ever Chicks’ run, after reaching base on an infield single, in a 5–4, 11-inning loss to the South Bend Blue Sox. But her baseball career ended abruptly in a round trip during her 11th game of the season. The ball, the base and the runner all came together at the same time, she explained. As a result, she fractured her index and middle fingers on her right hand. A doctor advised immediate amputation of her fingers, but another said he could fix them. She would choose the second option, being replaced in the Chicks roster by Doris Tetzlaff.Milwaukee clinched the 1944 AAGPBL title with a best-of-seven series victory over the Kenosha Comets. Always a team player who wanted to support her manager and teammates, Anderson accompanied the Chicks to all seven of those games played at Kenosha’s Lake Front Stadium, because the Milwaukee Brewers were using Borchert Field for their American Association league playoffs.After healing, Anderson moved to Chicago and played for the NGBL Chicago Bluebirds for the next two years. She then returned to her hometown, eventually landing with the semi-professional Milwaukee Jets. She divorced her husband after World War II and worked for Allied Van Lines moving company in office management, the secretarial field, public relations, loan closing, dispatching, and credit/collections. At age 83, she worked part-time in an office, namely for a national furniture mover, Barrett Moving and Storage Co., agent for United Van Lines, just to keep busy, before retiring in 2010 at the age of 89.In her spare time, Anderson continued to be active in sports playing field hockey and basketball. Also a talented bowler for 50 years, she belong to the local 600 club.She is part of Women in Baseball, a permanent display based at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York, which was unveiled in 1988 to honor the entire All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Besides this, in 2001 she was honored by having her name added to the Wall of Honor inside Miller Park, home of the National League Milwaukee Brewers, during what turned out to be the first induction in the ballpark. The same year she participated in the SABR convention held in Milwaukee.Vivian Anderson never left her hometown area and continued to live in her own home as late as 2012.

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