Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul

Bonito is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul. Its population was 19,587 (2010 Census) and its area is 4,934 square kilometres (1,905 sq mi).[1] [2]

Município de Bonito
Bonito's main street
Bonito's main street
Official seal of Município de Bonito

Seal
Nickname(s): 
Capital do ecoturismo
Location in Brazil
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 21°08′S 56°29′W / 21.133°S 56.483°WCoordinates: 21°08′S 56°29′W / 21.133°S 56.483°W
CountryBrazil Brazil
RegionCenter-West
StateMato Grosso do Sul
Founded1948
Government
 • MayorJosé Artur Soares de Figueiredo PMDB
Area
 • Total4,934 km2 (1,905 sq mi)
Elevation
315 m (1,033 ft)
Population
(2010)
 • Total19,587
 • Density3.6/km2 (9/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (UTC-3)
HDI (2000)0.767 – high
Websitewww.bonito.ms.gov.br

History

The community that would become the center of the Municipality of Bonito, started with land of the Rincão Bonito Fazenda, which had an area of 10.5 square miles (27 km2) and was acquired by Mr. Euzébio Captain Luiz da Costa Leite Falcão in 1869. He is considered the pioneer of Bonito, and was also its first Registrar and public notary.

State Law No. 693 of June 11, 1915, initially established the District of Paz de Bonito, with an area taken from the Municipality of Miranda and made administratively subordinate. With the creation of the Federal Territory of Ponta Porã, by Decree-Law No. 5839 on September 21, 1943, it was annexed to the District of Paz de Miranda.

Under the Constitutional Act of the Transitional Provisions of the Federal Constitution, it was restored to the state of Mato Grosso, together with the district belonging to the Municipality of Miranda. Finally State Law No. 145 of October 2, 1948, made it a municipality, with its seat in the town of Bonito.

Economy

Tourism

There are more than 30 tours available in and around the Bonito area. The majority of the tours are based around exploring the ecology and natural environment of the area. Almost all of the tours need to be booked through an official tourist agency in the town and require an accredited guide, although this will be organised at the time of booking. Some of these most popular tours include:

  • Abismo Anhumas (Anhumas Abism) – Rapelling 72 metres (236 ft) down into a cave and an underground, crystal clear lake, 80 metres (260 ft) deep, with the area equivalent to the size of a football field. Snorkeling or diving reveal the breathtaking beauty of this place: some of the largest underwater stalagmites in the world, up to 18 metres (59 ft) high.
  • Rio da Prata (Silver River) – This award-winning snorkeling tour features crystal-clear water, lots of fish, a walk through the forest and a delicious lunch.
  • Aquário Natural (Natural Aquarium) – The tour starts with a 25-minute walk through the jungle, followed by a 900 metres (3,000 ft) snorkel, where you float with fish and appreciate the underwater vegetation. After starting the trek where you can see varieties of animals of the region, you can finish with a visit to the museum of natural history.
  • Circuito Arvorismo (The trees circuit) – The adventure trek allows you to walk through the treetops on a suspended steel walkway installed in native trees such as Aroeira and Mahogany. The walkways have platforms fixed in the trees, varying in height from 10 to 20 metres (33 to 66 ft).
  • Gruta do Lago Azul (Blue Lake Cave) – The tour starts with a 10-minute walk to the entrance of the cave, which was discovered by a local Indian in 1924. In its interior, after descending 100 metres (330 ft), it is possible to see the lake of crystal clear water and depth of approximately 90 metres (300 ft), which makes it one of world’s biggest flooded caves.

Tour agencies

Lagoa Azul
Blue Lagoon
Bonito scan
People swimming in the river.

Many tour agencies exist in Bonito, although increasingly they are being located in the hotels and “pousadas” (small hotels) in the town. It is best to ask about tour agencies when you book your accommodation.

Hospitality

Bonito has a full range of hotels and “pousadas” (small hotels), catering from expensive five star resorts to back-packer budget accommodation. In the holiday season (July and December to March), accommodation can be very hard to find and prices also rise accordingly. English is spoken at the more expensive hotels and resorts, but very few of the lower priced hotels have competent English speakers.

Transportation

The most common way to reach Bonito is through Campo Grande International Airport, which is located in the capital of Mato Grosso do Sul state, this airport provides links to and from all the major cities in Brazil. From Campo Grande International Airport there is the option of either taking an air-taxi or going to the city by land.

- There are 2 flights per week from Campo Grande to Bonito on Thursdays and Fridays offered by TRIP Linhas Aéreas.

- There are also several options of buses and vans that will take averagely 4 hours to reach Bonito on the 300 kilometre long journey.[3]

In February 2013, Azul Brazilian Airlines announced that will be flying to Bonito Airport twice weekly from Viracopos International Airport in Campinas without connections. This long awaited move has been said to be very important for the city's growing tourists numbers.[4]

From Bonito Airport taxis into the city are available for the 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) long trip.

References

  1. ^ IBGE"Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ http://www.ibge.com.br/cidadesat/painel/populacao.php?codmun=500220&search=mato-grosso-do-sul%7Cbonito%7Cinphographics:-demographic-evolution-and-age-pyramid&lang=
  3. ^ "Como Chegar a Bonito". Portal Bonito. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
  4. ^ Vasconcelos, Nícholas (2013-02-15). "Azul anuncia voo regular entre Bonito e Campinas (SP) a partir de março". Campo Grande News. Retrieved 7 April 2013.

External links

Bearded tachuri

The bearded tachuri (Polystictus pectoralis) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae.

It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are dry savanna and subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Brave New Land

Brave New Land (Portuguese: Brava Gente Brasileira) is a 2000 Brazilian drama film written and directed by Lúcia Murat. The title comes from a line from the chorus refrain written by journalist Evaristo da Veiga for the Brazilian Independence Anthem. It depicts the conflicted relationship between Portuguese, Spanish and Indigenous in the 18th century.

Brazil

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil Portuguese pronunciation: [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. The capital is Brasília, and the most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.

Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the eighth largest GDP in the world by both nominal and PPP measures. It is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.

Great antshrike

The great antshrike (Taraba major) is a passerine bird in the antbird family, Thamnophilidae. It is the only member of the genus Taraba. It is a resident breeder in the tropical New World in southern Mexico, Central America, Trinidad and South America down to northern Argentina and southeastern Brazil.

Great rufous woodcreeper

The great rufous woodcreeper (Xiphocolaptes major) is a species of bird in the Dendrocolaptinae subfamily, the woodcreepers.

It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. At 155 g (5.5 oz) and 35 cm (14 in), this is the largest woodcreeper and, if correctly allied with the family, is the largest furnariid.

Gruta do Lago Azul Natural Monument

Gruta do Lago Azul Natural Monument (Blue Lake Cave) is a natural monument in Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

It holds two caves with interesting but fragile calcareous formations, and has been listed as a protected area since 1978.

Laudelino Barros

Laudelino José "Lino" de Barros (born June 29, 1975 in Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul) is a Brazilian boxer, who represented his native country in the light heavyweight division at the 2000 Summer Olympics. There he was eliminated in the first round by Australia's Danny Green. A year earlier, at the 1999 Pan American Games, Barros won the silver medal in his weight division.

In 2001 he turned pro.

List of airports in Brazil

This is list of airports in Brazil, sorted by location.

List of gomphothere fossils in South America

This is a list of gomphothere fossils found in South America. Gomphotheres were elephant-like mammals that lived from the Middle Miocene (approximately 12 million years ago) to the Holocene (6000 years BP).

The following species have been described in twentieth and twenty-first century paleontological literature about South America.

An alternative proposal is considered within the scientific community, listed below.

Pantanal

The Pantanal (Portuguese pronunciation: [pɐ̃taˈnaw]) is a natural region encompassing the world's largest tropical wetland area. It is located mostly within the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, but it extends into Mato Grosso and portions of Bolivia and Paraguay. It sprawls over an area estimated at between 140,000 and 195,000 square kilometres (54,000 and 75,000 sq mi). Various subregional ecosystems exist, each with distinct hydrological, geological and ecological characteristics; up to 12 of them have been defined (RADAMBRASIL 1982).Roughly 80% of the Pantanal floodplains are submerged during the rainy seasons, nurturing an astonishing biologically diverse collection of aquatic plants and helping to support a dense array of animal species.

The name "Pantanal" comes from the Portuguese word pântano, meaning wetland, bog, swamp, quagmire or marsh. By comparison, the Brazilian highlands are locally referred to as the planalto, plateau or, literally, high plain.

Scaled dove

The scaled dove (Columbina squammata), also known as scaly dove, Ridgway's dove, mottled dove, and South American zebra dove, is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Paraguay, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, and heavily degraded former forest.

Sibilant sirystes

The sibilant sirystes (Sirystes sibilator) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It was formerly considered conspecific with the western sirystes, the white-rumped sirystes, and Todd's sirystes.

Tourism in Brazil

Tourism in Brazil is a growing sector and key to the economy of several regions of Brazil. The country had 6.36 million visitors in 2015, ranking in terms of the international tourist arrivals as the main destination in South America and second in Latin America after Mexico. Revenues from international tourists reached US$5.8 billion in 2015, continuing a recovery trend from the 2008-2009 economic crisis.Brazil offers for both domestic and international tourists an ample range of options, with natural areas being its most popular tourism product, a combination of leisure and recreation, mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel, as well as historic and cultural tourism. Among the most popular destinations are the Amazon Rainforest, beaches and dunes in the Northeast Region, the Pantanal in the Center-West Region, beaches at Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina, cultural and historic tourism in Minas Gerais and business trips to São Paulo city.In terms of the 2015 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI), which is a measurement of the factors that make it attractive to develop business in the travel and tourism industry of individual countries, Brazil ranked in the 28st place at the world's level, third in the Americas, after Canada and United States. Brazil main competitive advantages are its natural resources, which ranked 1st on this criteria out of all countries considered, and ranked 23rd for its cultural resources, due to its many World Heritage sites. The 2013 TTCI report also notes Brazil's main weaknesses: its ground transport infrastructure remains underdeveloped (ranked 129th), with the quality of roads ranking in the 121st place, and quality of air transport infrastructure in 131st; and the country continues to suffer from a lack of price competitiveness (ranked 126th), due in part to high and increasing ticket taxes and airport charges, as well as high and rising prices more generally. Safety and security improved significantly between 2008 and 2013, moving from 128th to 73rd place, before slipping to 106th by 2017.Foreign tourists mainly come from Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Mexico, Cuba, Dominican Republic, the United States, Canada, China, South Korea, Japan, Australia, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Portugal, and Russia.

White-wedged piculet

The white-wedged piculet (Picumnus albosquamatus) is a species of bird in the family Picidae. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay, where its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and dry savannah. It hybridizes with the white-barred piculet where their ranges overlap.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.