Bonham is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 10,127 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Fannin County. James Bonham (the city's namesake) sought the aid of James Fannin (the county's namesake) at the Battle of the Alamo.
Bonham is part of the Texoma region.
Fannin County Courthouse, Bonham, Texas, built in 1889
"The Star of North Texas"
Location of Bonham, Texas
|• Total||9.8 sq mi (25.3 km2)|
|• Land||9.8 sq mi (25.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||610 ft (186 m)|
|• Density||1,035/sq mi (399.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||430, 903|
|GNIS feature ID||1352653|
Bonham is located slightly west of the center of Fannin County in northeastern Texas. U.S. Route 82, a two-lane bypass, crosses the northern part of the city, leading east 37 miles (60 km) to Paris and west 27 miles (43 km) to Sherman. Texas State Highway 78 passes through the center of Bonham, leading north 12 miles (19 km) to the Oklahoma border at the Red River and south 10 miles (16 km) to Bailey. Texas State Highway 56, following an old routing of US 82, crosses Highway 78 in the center of Bonham, leading east 6 miles (10 km) to Dodd City and west 6 miles to Ector. Texas State Highway 121 leads southwest from Bonham 41 miles (66 km) to McKinney. Dallas is 72 miles (116 km) to the southwest via McKinney.
Bonham, one of the oldest cities in Texas, dates back to 1837 when Bailey Inglish built a two-story blockhouse named Fort Inglish. It was located about 2 miles (3 km) from the current downtown. Inglish and other acquaintances settled there in the summer of 1837, and the settlement was named "Bois D'Arc". In 1843, the Congress of the Republic of Texas assigned the name "Bloomington" to the city, but finally renamed it "Bonham", in honor of James Butler Bonham, a hero and defender of the Alamo. On February 2, 1848, Bonham was incorporated as a city. A 1936 statue of Bonham by Texas sculptor Allie Tennant graces the courthouse grounds.
After the connection to the Texas and Pacific Railway the city began to grow, and in 1885 there were six churches, three colleges, two public schools, three weekly newspapers, a saw mill, two grain mills, a power plant, and about 2,300 inhabitants. 1890 saw the addition of streetcars, an ice plant, and the opening of the Texas Power and Light Company, the utility provider to the area. In 1925, the city was connected to natural gas lines.
During the Second World War, there was a training camp and an aviation school for the United States Army Air Forces in the vicinity of Bonham, as well as a prisoner-of-war camp for captured German soldiers. Parts of the camp, located approximately 0.5 miles north of US 82, can still be visited today.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 10,127 people, 2,959 households, and 1,861 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,067.1 people per square mile (412.1/km²). There were 2,959 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 75.4% White, 14.8% African American, 1% Native American, .4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 6.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.4% of the population.
There were 2,884 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 32.3% had someone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.4 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the city, the population was spread out with 21% under the age of 19, 9% from 20 to 24, 31% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,277, and the median income for a family was $35,721. Males had a median income of $26,035 versus $21,897 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,301. About 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line.
In addition, Grayson County College serves Bonham. It once operated a branch campus in Bonham, its only campus outside its namesake county; however, Grayson College ceased operations in Bonham after 2012 due to small enrollment numbers. Also Texas A&M University-Commerce, a major university of over 12,000 students is located in the neighboring city of Commerce, just 35 minutes southeast of Bonham.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bonham has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
Arthur T. Williams (September 29, 1939 – September 27, 2018), also known as Hambone Williams, was an American professional basketball player.
A 6'1" guard from California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, Williams played seven seasons (1967–1974) in the National Basketball Association as a member of the San Diego Rockets and Boston Celtics. Williams became the second player in NBA history to record a triple-double within his first four NBA games, joining Oscar Robertson. He averaged 5.3 points per game in his career and won an NBA Championship with Boston in 1974. He received his nickname in junior high when someone called out, "hambone" and he turned around.Williams also played briefly with the San Diego Conquistadors of the American Basketball Association in 1974–1975.
After suffering a stroke, Williams died on September 27, 2018 at the age of 78.B. A. Wilson
B. A. Wilson (born January 6, 1971) is a former NASCAR driver. He competed in the Craftsman Truck Series from 1997–2000.Bonham Independent School District
Bonham Independent School District is a public school district based in Bonham, Texas, United States. In addition to Bonham, the district also serves the cities of Bailey and Ravenna.
The district operates one high school, Bonham High School.Bonham State Park
Bonham State Park is a 261-acre (1.06 km2) state park located in Bonham, Texas (in Fannin County, northeast of Dallas). It includes a 65-acre (260,000 m2) lake, rolling prairies, and woodlands.Danny Darwin
Danny Wayne Darwin (born October 25, 1955), known as the "Bonham Bullet" and "Dr. Death", is an American professional baseball pitcher and coach, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Texas Rangers, Milwaukee Brewers, Houston Astros, Boston Red Sox, Toronto Blue Jays, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago White Sox, and San Francisco Giants, from 1978 through 1998. Over his MLB career, he amassed 171 wins and 182 losses, with a 3.84 earned run average (ERA).Durwood Keeton
Durwood Lee Keeton (born August 14, 1952) is a former American football defensive back who played one season with the New England Patriots of the National Football League. He was drafted by the St. Louis Cardinals in the fourth round of the 1974 NFL Draft. He first enrolled at Navarro College before transferring to the University of Oklahoma. Keeton attended Bonham High School in Bonham, Texas. He was also a member of the Southern California Sun and Tampa Bay Buccaneers.Homer Blankenship
Homer "Si" Blankenship (August 4, 1902 – June 22, 1974) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball with the Chicago White Sox and Pittsburgh Pirates.Blankenship, a Cherokee Native American, was born in Bonham, Texas, and attended high school in Ada, Oklahoma. He made his MLB debut for the White Sox in 1922, at the age of 20. He played in Chicago for parts of two seasons. Besides a short stint with the Pirates in 1928, he then pitched in the Texas League from 1926 to 1930. He won a career-high 17 games for the Shreveport Sports in 1926.Blankenship retired from professional baseball in 1931. He died in 1974 in Longview, Texas.James Tague
James "Jim" Thomas Tague (October 17, 1936 – February 28, 2014) was a member of the public who received minor injuries during the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963. Tague received a minor wound to his right cheek, caused by tiny pieces of concrete debris from a street curb that was struck by fragments from the bullet that killed Kennedy. Besides Kennedy and Texas Governor John B. Connally, Tague was the only person known to have been wounded by gunfire in Dallas's Dealey Plaza that day.Jerry Moore (American football, born 1939)
Gerald Hundley Moore (born July 18, 1939) is a former American football player and coach. He served as the head football coach at North Texas State University—now the University of North Texas—from 1979 to 1980, at Texas Tech University from 1981 to 1985, and at Appalachian State University from 1989 to 2012, compiling a career college football coaching record of 242–134–2.
In his 24 years at Appalachian State, Moore posted a losing season only once. He led his 2005 Mountaineers team to the NCAA Division I-AA Football Championship. This was the first national championship for any college football team in the state of North Carolina. Moore and the Mountaineers repeated as champions in 2006 and 2007, achieving the first "three-peat" in NCAA Division I FCS/I-AA history. Moore was forced out as head coach at the conclusion of the 2012 season. He was selected for inclusion into the Southern Conference Hall of Fame, and College Football Hall of Fame in 2014.Joe Melson
Joe Melson (born May 1935) is an American singer and a BMI Award-winning songwriter.Joe Morgan
Joe Leonard Morgan (born September 19, 1943) is an American former professional baseball second baseman who played Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies, and Oakland Athletics from 1963 to 1984. He won two World Series championships with the Reds in 1975 and 1976 and was also named the National League Most Valuable Player (MVP) in each of those years. Considered one of the greatest second basemen of all-time, Morgan was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1990. After retiring as an active player, Morgan became a baseball broadcaster for the Reds, Giants, and ESPN. He currently hosts a weekly nationally-syndicated radio show on Sports USA, while serving as a special advisor to the Reds.KFYN (AM)
KFYN (1420 AM and 95.7 FM, "The Warrior") is an American radio station broadcasting an 80's classic country music format. Licensed to Bonham, Texas, United States, the station serves Fannin County. The station is currently owned by Vision Media Group, Inc., and features local programming in addition to some programming from TSN, USRN, And Cumulus. The station also provides extensive local news of the Fannin County area of Texoma. KFYN also rebroadcasts KXII News @6 weekdays.
Musically KFYN focuses on Country Music from the 1980s and 1990s.Kenny Marchant
Kenny Ewell Marchant (born February 23, 1951) is the U.S. Representative for Texas's 24th congressional district, serving since 2005. He is a member of the Republican Party. The district includes several areas around Dallas and Fort Worth.Roberta Dodd Crawford
Roberta Dodd Crawford (5 August 1897 – 14 June 1954) was an African-American lyric soprano and voice instructor who performed throughout the United States and Paris in the 1920s and 1930s. Roberta was born in Bonham, Texas before studying singing in Nashville, Chicago, and Paris. While in Paris, she married Prince Kojo Tovalou Houénou of Dahomey. When Houénou died in a French prison, Roberta was left without access to their marriage funds and returned to Paris where she lived through the Nazi occupation from 1940 until 1944. After the war, she returned to Texas where she died in 1954 in Dallas.Roy McMillan
Roy David McMillan (July 17, 1929 – November 2, 1997) was a shortstop, coach and manager in Major League Baseball. From 1951 through 1966, McMillan played for the Cincinnati Reds, Milwaukee Braves, and New York Mets. He batted and threw right-handed. Following his retirement as a player, McMillan managed the Milwaukee Brewers and New York Mets. He was born in Bonham, Texas.
In a 16-season career, McMillan posted a .243 batting average with 68 home runs and 594 runs batted in in 2,093 games played.
McMillan, who spent 10 seasons with the Cincinnati Reds, was his team's glue between the infield and outfield in the 1950s. He won the first three Gold Gloves for the shortstop position (1957 in MLB, 1958-59 in the National League), and in 1954, he set a since-surpassed major league record of 129 double plays.
Twice named to the NL All-Star team (1956–57), McMillan also played with the Milwaukee Braves and New York Mets and finished his career in 1966. In 1970 he returned to Milwaukee as first-base coach with the Brewers, served as interim skipper in 1972 between Dave Bristol and Del Crandall, then coached for the New York Mets. In 1975, he replaced Yogi Berra as the Mets' interim manager. Late in his career, he was a scout for the Montreal Expos based in Bonham.
McMillan was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1971. He died in Bonham in 1997.Sam Rayburn
Samuel Taliaferro Rayburn (January 6, 1882 – November 16, 1961) was an American politician who served as the 43rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. He was a 25-term congressman, representing Texas's 4th congressional district as a Democrat from 1913 to 1961. He holds the record for the longest tenure as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, serving for over 17 years (among three separate stints).
Born in Roane County, Tennessee, Rayburn moved with his family to Windom, Texas in 1887. After a period as a school teacher, Rayburn won election to the Texas House of Representatives and graduated from the University of Texas School of Law. He won election to the United States House of Representatives in 1912 and continually won re-election until his death in 1961, serving 25 terms all totaled. Rayburn was a protege of John Nance Garner and a mentor to Lyndon B. Johnson.
Rayburn was elected House Majority Leader in 1937 and was elevated to the position of Speaker of the House after the death of William B. Bankhead. He led the House Democrats from 1940 to 1961, and served as Speaker of the House from 1940 to 1947, 1949 to 1953, and 1955 to 1961. He also served twice as House Minority Leader (1947 to 1949 and 1953 to 1955) during periods of Republican House control. Rayburn preferred to work quietly in the background and allowed committee chairmen to retain much of the power in the House. He refused to sign the Southern Manifesto and was influential in the construction of U.S. Route 66. He served as Speaker until his death in 1961, and was succeeded by John W. McCormack.Ted Blankenship
Theodore Blankenship (May 10, 1901 – January 14, 1945) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball. He played for the Chicago White Sox from 1922 to 1930. His key pitch was the fastball.Tom McBride (baseball)
Thomas Raymond McBride (November 2, 1914 – December 26, 2001) was a professional baseball outfielder. He played all or part of six seasons in Major League Baseball for the Boston Red Sox (1943–47) and Washington Senators (1947–48). He also played extensively in minor league baseball. His professional career spanned sixteen seasons, from 1936 until 1951.Wendelin Joseph Nold
Wendelin Joseph Nold (January 18, 1900 – October 1, 1981) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Galveston-Houston from 1950 to 1975.
Municipalities and communities of Fannin County, Texas, United States
County seat: Bonham
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties