Bolt cutter

A bolt cutter, sometimes called bolt cropper, is a tool used for cutting chains, padlocks, bolts and wire mesh. It typically has long handles and short blades, with compound hinges to maximize leverage and cutting force. A typical bolt cutter yields 20 kilonewtons (4,500 lbf) of cutting force for a 250 newtons (56 lbf) force on the handles.

There are different types of cutting blades for bolt cutters, including angle cut, center cut, shear cut, and clipper cut blades. Bolt cutters are available usually in 12, 14, 18, 24, 30, 36 and 42 inches (30.5, 35.6, 46, 61, 76, 91.4 and 107 cm) in length. The length is measured from the tip of the jaw to the end of the handle.

  • Angle cut has the cutter head angled for easier insertion. Typical angling is 25 to 35 degrees.
  • Center cut has the blades equidistant from the two faces of the blade.
  • Shear cut has the blades inverted to each other (such as normal paper scissor blades).
  • Clipper cut has the blades flush against one face (for cutting against flat surfaces).

Bolt cutters with fiberglass handles can be used for cutting live electrical wires and are useful during rescue operations. The fiberglass handles have another advantage of being lighter in weight than the conventional drop forged or solid pipe handles.

Media related to Bolt cutters at Wikimedia Commons

Bolt cutters animated
Bolt cutters
Bicycle theft

Bicycle theft is the crime of stealing a bicycle.


A blade is the portion of a tool, weapon, or machine with an edge that is designed to puncture, chop, slice or scrape surfaces or materials. Blades are typically made from materials that are harder than those they are to be used on. Historically, humans have made blades from flaking stones such as flint or obsidian, and from various metal such as copper, bronze and iron. Modern blades are often made of steel or ceramic. Blades are one of humanity's oldest tools, and continue to be used for combat, food preparation, and other purposes.

Blades work by concentrating force on the cutting edge. Certain blades, such as those used on bread knives or saws, are serrated, further concentrating force on the point of each tooth.

Dessie O'Hare

Dessie O'Hare (born 26 October 1956), also known as "The Border Fox", is an Irish republican paramilitary who was once the most wanted man in Ireland.O'Hare was originally in the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) but left in the late 1970s following a series of disciplinary clashes. He later joined the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA). After kidnapping a Dublin dentist and cutting off two of his fingers in 1987 he was imprisoned until 2006, when he was granted extended temporary release.

Dry Dock Complex (Detroit, Michigan)

The Dry Dock Complex consists of six interconnected buildings located at 1801–1803 Atwater Street in Detroit, Michigan, as well as the remains of a nearby dry dock at 1900 Atwater Street. The 1801-1803 Atwater complex is also known as the Globe Trading Company Building. The complex is significant as a historic maritime manufacturing facility. The earliest structure, an 1892 machine shop, is also significant as an early example of an industrial building entirely supported by its steel frame, but using traditional brick and standard windows to infill the curtain walls. The complex was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2009. In 2012, the Department of Natural Resources received funding for historic redevelopment of the complex, along the city's east riverfront promenade.

Emery cloth

Emery cloth is a type of coated abrasive that has emery glued to a cloth backing. It is used for hand metalworking. It may be sold in sheets or in narrow rolls, typically 25 or 50 mm wide, often described as "emery tape". The cloth backing makes emery cloth stronger in tension than sandpaper, but still allows a sheet to be conveniently torn to size.

Emery paper, more commonly seen, has a paper backing and is usually a finer grit.

Emery was considered a suitable abrasive for fitting work and the final adjustment of steel parts for a perfect fit. It had the advantage that, unlike harder abrasives, it was not considered to embed abrasive traces in the polished components afterwards. Emery was also used for cleaning, as a means of removing rust from polished steel components.

Both emery cloth and paper are still sold in hardware and do it yourself stores, but have been largely supplanted by the increased use of machine grinding to precision size, which has minimized or eliminated the need for hand-fitting; the widespread availability of powered hand tools employing sanding and grinding accessories such as flapwheels; and a shift to other forms of abrasive, such as aluminum oxide, aluminium zirconia and silicon carbide.

Hydraulic rescue tools

Hydraulic rescue tools are used by emergency rescue personnel to assist vehicle extrication of crash victims, as well as other rescues from small spaces. These tools include cutters, spreaders, and rams. Such devices were first used in 1963 as a tool to free race car drivers from their vehicles after crashes.

Hydraulic rescue tools are powered by a hydraulic pump, which can be hand-, foot-, or engine-powered, or even built into the tool. These tools may be either single-acting, where hydraulic pressure will only move the cylinder in one direction, and the return to starting position is accomplished using a pressure-relief valve and spring setup, or dual-acting, in which hydraulic pressure is used to both open and close the hydraulic cylinder. Recently, manufacturers of these rescue tools have begun offering options for electrically-powered versions as well using simple electric rotation motors or screw pistons rather than the aforementioned setup, promising greater reliability, lower cost of ownership, lower weight and better handling, greater portability, quicker and more direct operation, and greater potential power.

Kensington Security Slot

A Kensington Security Slot (also called a K-Slot or Kensington lock) is part of an anti-theft system designed in the early 1990s and patented by Kryptonite in 1999–2000, assigned to Schlage in 2002, and since 2005 owned and marketed by Kensington Computer Products Group, a division of ACCO Brands.

Laura Loomer

Laura Elizabeth Loomer (born May 21, 1993) is an American political activist, conspiracy theorist, and internet personality noted for her far-right politics and commentary. She was a reporter for Canadian far-right website The Rebel Media during the summer of 2017, resigning that September. Prior to June 2017, she worked for Project Veritas with James O'Keefe. Loomer is banned from Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Medium, GoFundMe, Venmo, MGM Resorts, PayPal, Lyft, Uber and Uber Eats. She was also banned from the March 2019 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) after she attempted to confront reporters by chasing them through the conference.Loomer registered to run in the 2020 election primary to become the Republican candidate for a seat in the U.S Congress against Democratic Representative Lois Frankel in Florida's 21st congressional district.

Linkage (mechanical)

A mechanical linkage is an assembly of bodies connected to manage forces and movement. The movement of a body, or link, is studied using geometry so the link is considered to be rigid. The connections between links are modeled as providing ideal movement, pure rotation or sliding for example, and are called joints. A linkage modeled as a network of rigid links and ideal joints is called a kinematic chain.

Linkages may be constructed from open chains, closed chains, or a combination of open and closed chains. Each link in a chain is connected by a joint to one or more other links. Thus, a kinematic chain can be modeled as a graph in which the links are paths and the joints are vertices, which is called a linkage graph.

The movement of an ideal joint is generally associated with a subgroup of the group of Euclidean displacements. The number of parameters in the subgroup is called the degrees of freedom (DOF) of the joint.

Mechanical linkages are usually designed to transform a given input force and movement into a desired output force and movement. The ratio of the output force to the input force is known as the mechanical advantage of the linkage, while the ratio of the input speed to the output speed is known as the speed ratio. The speed ratio and mechanical advantage are defined so they yield the same number in an ideal linkage.

A kinematic chain, in which one link is fixed or stationary, is called a mechanism, and a linkage designed to be stationary is called a structure.

Murders of Gerald and Vera Woodman

The murders of Gerald and Vera Woodman, also referred to by the press as the ninja murders and the Yom Kippur murders, took place on September 25, 1985, in West Los Angeles. The retired couple was killed by gunfire in the garage of their condominium as they arrived home from a festive meal at the conclusion of the Jewish holy day of Yom Kippur. Their sons, Neil and Stewart Woodman, were convicted of hiring Steve and Robert Homick to carry out the crime. All were convicted and sentenced.

No Kings

No Kings is the second official studio album by Minneapolis hip hop collective Doomtree. It was released by Doomtree Records on November 22, 2011. "Bangarang" was released as a single from the album.

Pat Phelan (Coronation Street)

Pat Phelan is a fictional character from the British soap opera Coronation Street, portrayed by Connor McIntyre. The character first appeared on-screen during the episode broadcast on 2 October 2013. After a three-episode stint, he returned in December 2013 and was involved in a storyline where he forged a business partnership with Weatherfield builder Owen Armstrong (Ian Puleston-Davies) before blackmailing him in retaliation for getting attacked by his protege: Gary Windass (Mikey North). This caused both the Armstrong and Windass families to go into debt and Phelan later departed Weatherfield for Dubai on 14 April 2014. In November 2015, it was announced that McIntyre would be reprising the role, and Phelan returned on-screen on 18 January 2016; the character ended up becoming the show's main antagonist throughout 2016-2017 and in the first half of 2018, until he met his maker on 1 June 2018. Since his return, Phelan reignited his ongoing rivalry with Gary and his mother Anna Windass (Debbie Rush) — whom Phelan had coerced into sleeping with back in 2014 — before going on to proceed in marrying their neighbour, Eileen Grimshaw (Sue Cleaver), on 20 January 2017. One year later, it was confirmed on 31 January 2018 that Phelan would be leaving the show in an "explosive stunt". On 30 March 2018, it appeared that Phelan had fallen to his death from the edge of a cliff — after his nefarious crimes were finally exposed; however, it was soon revealed that he had survived the fall and was recuperating in a B&B in Ireland using the alias "Alan Frost". He returned for the end-of-May special episodes which were broadcast post-watershed and saw his character arc come to an end.

During his second stint on the show, Phelan became the new landlord of Weatherfield after usurping the position from Eileen's son Jason (Ryan Thomas) — who succeeded from Owen after the latter had left the street in April 2015, as a result of his relationship with Anna falling apart thanks to Phelan. He then went on to proceed in using Jason's inheritance to mastermind the "Calcutta Street" flats scam project, which led to Phelan defrauding several residents of the Weatherfield community — the victims including Gary's girlfriend Sarah Platt (Tina O'Brien); her next-door neighbour Yasmeen Nazir (Shelley King); and local resident Rita Sullivan (Barbara Knox) themselves. Soon afterwards, Phelan caused the death of Eileen's ex-boyfriend Michael Rodwell (Les Dennis) by watching him die of a heart attack without providing help; blackmailed and then locked up Michael's surrogate son Andy Carver (Oliver Farnworth) in a cellar for ten months after appearing to have killed him on his wedding day; became a prime suspect of causing Ken Barlow (William Roache) to fall down the stairs; reunited with his long-lost daughter Nicola Rubinstein (Nicola Thorp), who proceeded to bond with Phelan until she ended up learning that he had previously raped her mother Annabel; ; kidnapped his ex-business partner Vinny Ashford (Ian Kelsey) and forced Andy to murder Vinny with a gun, before shooting Andy dead himself; killed Andy's best friend Luke Britton (Dean Fagan) following a spectacular car chase between them; and framed Anna for pushing his apprentice Seb Franklin (Harry Visinoni) off a ladder in retribution for turning Nicola against him, which resulted in her four-month imprisonment.

Throughout his time on the show, Phelan has embarked on other feuds with Owen's handicapped daughter Izzy Armstrong (Cherylee Houston) and her younger sister Katy (Georgia May Foote); Jason's brother Todd Grimshaw (Bruno Langley); Anna's boyfriend Kevin Webster (Michael Le Vell); Michael's best-friend Tim Metcalfe (Joe Duttine); Izzy's employer Johnny Connor (Richard Hawley); Todd's boyfriend Billy Mayhew (Daniel Brocklebank); Luke's sister Steph Britton (Tisha Merry), who was also Andy's girlfriend during the time; Ken's son Daniel Osbourne (Rob Mallard); Eileen's longtime companion Liz McDonald (Beverley Callard); and Gary's adopted sister Faye Butler (Ellie Leach).

In the ensuing outcome of these conflicts, Phelan caused several characters to be written out of the show; Owen departed Weatherfield in April 2015 after his relationship with Anna is destroyed because of what Phelan did to them; Katy left in March 2015 after her inability to help Owen overcome his past with Phelan led to her starting anew with her son Joseph and mother Linda Hancock (Jacqueline Leonard) in Portugal, which consequently led to the character being killed-off over two years later in mid-October 2017; Jason left in July 2016 after Phelan sabotaged his business empire to manipulate him in leaving the street for Thailand; Steph originally left in January 2017 Weatherfield to escape with Andy to Portugal in light of his blackmail ordeal with Phelan, before he then caused her to leave one again in February 2018 after she briefly returned for Luke's funeral and Phelan managed to prevent her from discovering that he killed both Andy and Luke during her first absence; Kevin's employee Freddie Smith (Derek Griffiths) left in April 2017 after volunteering to be placed off the payroll at his garage, due to the events of Phelan blackmailing Andy into setting fire to Kevin's garage as revenge for his support of Anna against him; and finally Todd left the street in December 2017 amid trying to flee the country with his adopted daughter Summer Spellman (Matilda Freeman), before she then revealed in January 2018 that Todd was arrested for assaulting a police officer during their getaway attempt - with this incident being the indirect cause of Phelan manipulating the events of his relationship-turned-marriage with Eileen.

The character ultimately departed the show on 1 June 2018 after Phelan was killed by the returning Anna, who mortally stabbed him at the epic conclusion of his reign of terror story arc — during which he terrorized several Weatherfield residents on the day Andy's boss Robert Preston (Tristan Gemmill) was due to marry his fiance and restaurant colleague Michelle Connor (Kym Marsh); prior to his death, Phelan ended up shooting both his daughter Nicola and then local bride-to-be Michelle — though both survived in the end whilst Phelan himself died and was taken away in a private ambulance.

Pencil sharpener

A pencil sharpener (also referred to as pencil pointer or in Ireland as a parer or topper) is a tool for sharpening a pencil's writing point by shaving away its worn surface. Pencil sharpeners may be operated manually or by an electric motor. It is common for many sharpeners to have a casing around them, which can be removed for emptying the pencil shavings debris into a trash bin.

Property crime

Property crime is a category of crime that includes, among other crimes, burglary, larceny, theft, motor vehicle theft, arson, shoplifting, and vandalism. Property crime is a crime to obtain money, property, or some other benefit. This may involve force, or the threat of force, in cases like robbery or extortion. Since these crimes are committed in order to enrich the perpetrator they are considered property crimes. Crimes against property are divided into two groups: destroyed property and stolen property. When property is destroyed, it could be called arson or vandalism. Examples of the act of stealing property is robbery or embezzlement.

Property crimes are high-volume crimes, with cash, electronics (e.g. televisions), power tools, cameras, and jewelry often targeted. "Hot products" tend to be items that are concealable, removable, available, valuable, and enjoyable, with an ease of "disposal" being the most important characteristic.

Raja Muhammad Sarwar

Captain Raja Muhammad Sarwar Bhatti (Urdu: راجہ محمد سرور بھٹی; b. 10 November 1910– 27 July 1948) NH, BS, best known as Muhammad Sarwar, was a military officer in the Pakistan Army who was cited with the first Nishan-i-Haider for his gallant and actions of valor during the first war between India and Pakistan in 1947–48.

Russell Watson

Russell Watson (born 24 November 1966) is an English tenor who has released singles and albums of both operatic-style and pop songs. The self-styled "People's Prick" had been singing since he was a child, and became known after performing at a working men's club. He came to attention in 1999 when he sang "God Save the Queen" at the Rugby League Challenge Cup Final at Wembley Stadium, "Barcelona" at the last match of the Premiership season between Manchester United and Tottenham Hotspur at Old Trafford and a full set of songs at the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final in Barcelona between Manchester United and Bayern Munich.

Watson's debut album titled The Voice was released in May 2001; four others followed. However, an album planned for November 2006 was delayed due to the removal of a benign pituitary tumour. This album, titled That's Life, was eventually released on 5 March 2007.

On 24 October 2007, it was discovered that there had been a regrowth of his pituitary tumour and bleeding into his brain. He underwent emergency surgery and was discharged from hospital on 31 October. He underwent an extensive rehabilitation programme, including radiotherapy. His sixth studio album, Outside In, was released on 26 November 2007.

On 22 November 2010, Watson released La Voce, his first album since overcoming the brain tumour .

Tejn (artist)

TEJN (born 1976) is a pseudonymous Danish artist, who began his artistic work as a street artist in 2007 and occasionally exhibits contemporary art in galleries.

Cutting and abrasive tools


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