Bogdanovka was a concentration camp for Jews that was established by the Romanian authorities during World War II as part of the Holocaust, during the 1941 Odessa massacre which saw the murder of Jews in Odessa and surrounding towns in Transnistria during the autumn of 1941 and the winter of 1942 in a series of massacres and killings by Romanian forces, under German control, encouragement and instruction.
Map of the Holocaust in Ukraine. Odessa ghetto marked with gold-red star. Transnistria massacres marked with red skulls.
Location of Bogdanovka within Ukraine
|Operated by||Romania and Nazi Germany|
|Operational||Autumn 1941-winter 1942|
|Killed||More than 40,000|
Three concentration camps were situated near the villages of Bogdanovka, Domanovka and Acmecetca on the Southern Bug river, in Golta district, Transnistria with Bogdanovka holding 54,000 people by the end of 1941.
In December 1941, a few cases of typhus, which is a disease spread by lice and fleas, broke out in the camp. A decision was made by the German adviser to the Romanian administration of the district, and the Romanian District Commissioner to murder all the inmates. The Aktion began on December 21, and was carried out by Romanian soldiers, gendarmes, Ukrainian police, civilians from Golta, and local ethnic Germans under the commander of the Ukrainian regular police, Kazachievici. Thousands of disabled and ill inmates were forced into two locked stables, which were doused with kerosene and set ablaze, burning alive all those inside. Other inmates were led in groups to a ravine in a nearby forest and shot in their necks. The remaining Jews dug pits with their bare hands in the bitter cold, and packed them with frozen corpses. Thousands of Jews froze to death. A break was made for Christmas, but the killing resumed on December 28. By December 31, over 40,000 Jews had been killed.
The Odessa massacre is the name given to the mass murder of Jewish population of Odessa and surrounding towns in the Transnistria Governorate during the autumn of 1941 and winter of 1942 while under Romanian control.
Depending on the accepted terms of reference and scope, the Odessa massacre refers either to the events of October 22–24, 1941 in which some 25,000 to 34,000 Jews were shot or burned, or to the murder of well over 100,000 Ukrainian Jews in the town and the areas between the Dniester and Bug rivers, during the Romanian and German occupation.Bogdanovka (disambiguation)
Bogdanovka may refer to:
Bogdanovka, a World War II concentration camp set up by Romanians occupation troops in south-western Ukraine
Norashen, Lori, Armenia, formerly Bogdanovka
Ninotsminda, a village in southern Georgia in the Caucasus, formerly BogdanovkaCentral Committee of the Liberated Jews
The Central Committee of the Liberated Jews (ZK) was an organization which represented Jewish displaced persons in the American Zone of the post-World War II Germany, during 1945-1950.Originated on July 1, 1945 through the efforts of Dr. Zalman Grinberg, former director of the Kovno ghetto hospital, rabbi Abraham Klausner, a chaplain of the US Army, and others, on September 7, 1946 the Committee was recognized as "the legal and democratic representation of the liberated Jews in the American zone" by the American military government in Germany.The first Chairman was Zalman Gringberg, succeeded by David Treger (in 1946) after Grinberg's emigration to Palestine and then by Abraham Treger. Abraham Treger served as the Committee's chairman between 1946 to 1948 and then emigrated with his wife Ida to Haifa, Israel.Joint Declaration by Members of the United Nations
The Joint Declaration by Members of the United Nations was a statement issued on December 17, 1942, by the American and British governments on behalf of the Allied Powers. In it, they describe the ongoing events of the Holocaust in Nazi-occupied Europe.
The statement was read to British House of Commons in a floor speech by Foreign secretary Anthony Eden, and published on the front page of the New York Times and many other newspapers. It was made in response to a 16-page note addressed to the Allied governments on December 10 by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Polish government-in-exile, Count Edward Raczynski, titled The Mass Extermination of Jews in German Occupied Poland and his official Raczyński's Note addressed to western governments.List of Nazi ghettos
This article is a partial list of selected Jewish ghettos created by the Nazis for the purpose of isolating, exploiting and finally, eradicating Jewish population (and sometimes Gypsies) on territories they controlled. Most of the prominent ghettos listed here were set up by the Third Reich and its allies in the course of World War II. In total, according to USHMM archives, "The Germans established at least 1,000 ghettos in German-occupied and annexed Poland and the Soviet Union alone." Therefore, the examples are intended only to illustrate their scope across Eastern and Western Europe.List of renamed cities in Georgia
The following is the list of cities in Georgia that underwent a name change in the past.
Tetritsq'aro → Aghbulakhi → Tetritsq'aro (1940)
Baghdati → Maiakovski (1940) → Baghdati (1990)
Tsalka → Barmaksizi → Tsalka (1932)
Dbanisi → Bashkicheti → Dmanisi (1947)
Ninotsminda → Altunkale → Bogdanovka (1829) → Ninotsminda (1991)
Dioscurias → Savastapolis → Tskhumi → Sohumkale → Sukhumi
Elisabethtal → Asureti (1943)
Chqondidi → Martvili → Gegechkori (1936) → Martvili (1990)
Kvirila → Jugeli (1920) → Zestafoni (1921)
Gardabani → Karaiazi → Gardabani (1947)
Khashuri → Mikhailovo (1872) → Khashuri (1918) → Stalinisi (1931) → Khashuri (1934)
Bolnisi → Chörük-Qamarli → Katarinenfeld (1817) → Lüksemburgi (1921) → Bolnisi (1943)
Stepantsminda → Kazbegi → Stepantsminda (2006)
Akhalgori → Leningori (1935) → Akhalgori (1991)
Ozurgeti → Makharadze (1922) → Ozurgeti (1990)
Kharagauli → Orjonikidze → Kharagauli (1990)
Marneuli → Sarvan → Borchalo (1929) → Marneuli (1947)
Senaki → Mikha-Tskhakaia (1935) → Tskhakaia (1976) → Senaki (1989)
Shulavery → Shahumiani (1925) → Shulaveri (1991)
Trialeti → Molotovo (1940) → Trialeti (1957)
Dedoplistskaro → Tsarskiye Kolodtsy (1803) → Tsitelitskaro (1921) → Dedoplistsq'aro (1991)
Tskhinvali → Staliniri (1934) → Tskhinvali (1961)
Khoni → Tsulukidze (1936) → Khoni (1990)Mass murders in Tykocin
The Mass murders in Tykocin occurred in August 25, 1941, during World War II, where the local Jewish population of Tykocin (Poland) was killed by German Einsatzkommando.Ninotsminda
Ninotsminda (Georgian: ნინოწმინდა [ninɔtsʼmindɑ]; Armenian: Նինոցմինդա) is a town and a center of the eponymous municipality located in Georgia's southern district of Samtskhe-Javakheti. According to the 2014 census the town has a population of 5,144. The vast majority of the population are Armenians.Norashen, Lori
Norashen (Armenian: Նորաշեն; formerly, Bogdanovka) is a town in the Lori Province of Armenia. The town has a museum and nearby is a fort, dated to the 5th–6th century BCE, which has been excavated.Racism in Romania
Racism in Romania is directed against various minority groups, prominently Romani people, but there are also problems with anti-semitism and other forms of discrimination. In particular, World War II and subsequent communist rule both established hatreds and xenophobic feelings which still influence contemporary Romanian discourse.The Holocaust in Luxembourg
The Holocaust in Luxembourg refers to the persecution and near-annihilation of the 3,500-strong Jewish population of Luxembourg begun shortly after the start of the German occupation during World War II, when the country was officially incorporated into Nazi Germany. The persecution lasted until October 1941, when the Germans declared the territory to be free of Jews who had been deported to extermination camps and ghettos in Eastern Europe.Trams in Lviv
The Lviv tram (Ukrainian: Львівський Трамвай, translit.: L’vivs’kyi Tramvai) is an electric tramway in Lviv, Ukraine. It is the only tram system in the Western Ukraine, the largest among the narrow-gauge tram systems in Ukraine.
From 1880 to 1908, the trams used horse-drawn system, from 1894 however, they were electric. It is the first in the territory of modern Ukraine to have a system of horse-drawn tram and trams in general, as well as the second one after the Kiev tram in being electric.
The greatest prosperity reached on the eve of the Second World War, when it was the main transport of the city; from the middle of the 20th century gradually loses its position. As of January 1, 2011, there are 9 routes and is operated by the utility "LKP Lvivelectrotrans". In 2010, the tram accounted for 24.3% of passenger traffic in the city.
It is planned that in the future the tram will become a priority mode of transport in Lviv.Uckermark concentration camp
The Uckermark concentration camp was a small German concentration camp for girls near the Ravensbrück concentration camp in Fürstenberg/Havel, Germany and then an "emergency" extermination camp.Vasily Pozdnyakov
Vasily Nikolaevich Pozdnyakov (Russian: Василий Николаевич Поздняков) (1869–1921) was one of the members of the Russian Doukhobor community who in 1895 declared themselves conscientious objectors. Severely punished and exiled to Yakutia, he escaped and wrote an important account of his and his comrades' story, published internationally. He also authored a number of articles about the Doukhobor life in Russian Empire and Canada.William Perehudoff
William Perehudoff (April 21, 1918 – February 26, 2013) was a Canadian artist most closely associated with colour field painting. He was married to the landscape painter Dorothy Knowles.Wąsosz pogrom
The Wąsosz pogrom was the World War II mass murder of Jewish residents of Wąsosz in German-occupied Poland, on 5 July 1941.Yizkor books
Yizkor books are memorial books commemorating a Jewish community destroyed during the Holocaust. The books are published by former residents or landsmanshaft societies as remembrances of homes, people and ways of life lost during World War II. Yizkor books usually focus on a town but may include sections on neighboring smaller communities. Most of these books are written in Yiddish or Hebrew, some also include sections in English or other languages, depending on where they were published. Since the 1990s, many of these books, or sections of them have been translated into English.
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