Boeing YB-9

The Boeing YB-9 was the first all-metal monoplane bomber aircraft designed for the United States Army Air Corps. The YB-9 was an enlarged alteration of Boeing's Model 200 Monomail commercial transport.

Boeing Y1B-9 test flight USAF p29
Y1B-9 test flight, 1932, with landing gear extended.
Role Bomber aircraft
Manufacturer Boeing
First flight 13 April 1931
Introduction 5 November 1931
Retired 1935
Status No surviving examples
Primary user United States Army Air Corps
Produced 1930-1933
Number built 7
Developed from Boeing Monomail

Design and development

Boeing Y1B-9A and P-26 in flight (060421-F-1234P-043) (tight crop, contrast stretch)
Boeing Y1B-9A in flight with a P-26 fighter.

In May 1930, Boeing had flown its Model 200 Monomail single-engined mailplane. The Monomail was of radical design for the time, being a semi-monocoque, stressed skin cantilever monoplane with a retractable undercarriage. Air Corps bomber squadrons of the day were largely equipped with slow strut-braced biplanes built from steel-tube frames covered in doped fabric, such as the Keystone B-6, and Boeing decided to design and build a twin-engined bomber using the same techniques used in the Monomail to re-equip the Air Corps.[1][2]

Using its own money, Boeing decided to build two prototypes of its new bomber design as a private venture. The two aircraft differed only in the engines used, with the Model 214 to be powered by two liquid-cooled Curtiss V-1570-29 Conqueror engines while the Model 215 had two Pratt & Whitney R-1860 Hornet B radial engines.[3] Both aircraft were low winged cantilever monoplanes with a slim, oval cross-section fuselage accommodating a crew of five. The pilot and co-pilot sat in separate open cockpits, with the co-pilot, who doubled as the bombardier sitting forward of the pilot. Two gunners, each armed with a single machine gun sat in nose and dorsal positions, while a radio operator sat inside the fuselage. Like the Monomail, a retractable tailwheel undercarriage was used.[4][5]

The first of the two prototypes to fly was the radial powered Model 215 which, carrying civil markings and the aircraft registration X-10633, made its maiden flight on 13 April 1931.[6][7] It was leased to the Air Corps for testing under the designation XB-901, demonstrating a speed of 163 mph (262 km/h). Testing was successful, and both the XB-901 and the as-yet incomplete Model 214 were purchased as the YB-9 and Y1B-9 respectively on 13 August 1931, with an order for a further five for service testing following shortly.[2][8]

The Y1B-9 (Y1 indicating funding outside normal fiscal year procurement), powered by two liquid-cooled Curtiss V-1570-29 'Conqueror' engines, first flew on 5 November 1931. The increased power from these engines, combined with increased streamlining of the engine nacelles, increased its top speed to 173 mph (278 km/h). The YB-9, meanwhile, had been re-engined with more powerful Hornet Bs, demonstrating slightly better performance than the Y1B-9, which was therefore also re-engined with Hornet Bs.[2][8] With the exception of the B-2 Condor, liquid-cooled engines were never used on production bombers for the United States military. The air-cooled radial engine was lighter and more reliable than the liquid-cooled engine, and less vulnerable to enemy damage.

The five Y1B-9A service test aircraft (Boeing Model 246) had the Pratt & Whitney R-1860-11 Hornet B engines which powered the re-engined YB-9 and Y1B-9 and a redesigned vertical stabilizer modeled on the 247D transport. While enclosed canopies were considered and designed, the B-9 was never fitted with them.[8] Although it equaled the speed of all existing American fighter aircraft,[9] no further aircraft were built, as the Glenn L. Martin Company had flown a prototype of a more advanced bomber, the XB-907, which was ordered into production as the Martin B-10.[6]

Operational history

The first of the five Y1B-9As entered service with the 20th and 49th Bombardment Squadrons, 2nd Bomb Group on 14 September 1932, with all being in service by the end of March 1933. The new bomber proved impossible to intercept during air exercises in May 1932, strengthening calls for improved air defense warning systems. Two B-9s were destroyed during crashes in 1933, one of the accidents being fatal, while the remaining aircraft were gradually phased out over the next two years, with the last being withdrawn on 26 April 1935.[10]


Boeing Y1B-9 with Conqueror engines (060421-F-1234P-039)
Boeing Y1B-9 with original Curtiss Conqueror liquid-cooled engines
Boeing model B-215
contract number: XB-901
Boeing model B-214
  • Y1B-9A (five produced). Pratt & Whitney R-1860-11 Hornet B (Y1G1SR-1860B) (600 hp). Metal instead of fabric covering on the control surfaces. There were also many internal structural and equipment changes
Boeing model B-246


 United States

Specifications (Y1B-9A)

Data from United States Military Aircraft since 1909[11]

General characteristics



  • Guns: 2× .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns
  • Bombs: 2,260 lb (1,030 kg) bombs

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists



  1. ^ Pelletier 2002, p. 44.
  2. ^ a b c Swanborough and Bowers 1963, p. 72.
  3. ^ Bowers 1989, p. 200.
  4. ^ Pelletier 2002, pp. 44–45.
  5. ^ Bowers 1989, pp. 200–201.
  6. ^ a b Bowers 1989, pp. 202–203.
  7. ^ Pelletier 2002, p. 47.
  8. ^ a b c Pelletier 2002, pp. 46–47.
  9. ^ "YB-9 factsheet." Archived August 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine National Museum of the United States Air Force. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  10. ^ Pelletier 2002, pp. 48–49.
  11. ^ Swanborough and Bowers 1963, p. 73.


  • Baugher, Joe. "Boeing B-9". Encyclopedia of American Aircraft, 10 September 2002. Retrieved: 7 July 2010.
  • Bowers, Peter M. Boeing Aircraft since 1916. London: Putnam, 1989. ISBN 0-85177-804-6.
  • Jones, Lloyd. U. S. Bombers. Fallbrook, CA: Aero Publishers, 1974. ISBN 0-8168-9126-5.
  • Pelletier, Alain. "End of the Dinosaurs: Boeing's B-9, Breaking the Bomber Mold". Air Enthusiast, Volume 101, September/October 2002, pp. 44–49.
  • Swanborough, F. G. and Peter M. Bowers. United States Military Aircraft since 1909. London: Putnam, 1963.
  • Wagner, Ray. American Combat Planes. New York: Doubleday, 1982. ISBN 0-930083-17-2.

External links

Boeing Monomail

The Boeing Model 200 Monomail was an American mail plane of the early 1930s.

Dornier Do 11

The Dornier Do 11 was a German medium bomber, developed in secret in the early 1930s. It was originally called the Dornier F before being renamed by the Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM) in 1933, and was considered a heavy bomber at the time. It came into service in 1932, a continuation of a line of bomber designs from the Dornier Do P in 1930, and the Dornier Do Y in 1931. The line would continue to develop with the Dornier Do 13 and Dornier Do 23.

Boeing military aircraft
Fighters/attack aircraft:
Piston-engined transports
Jet transports
Patrol and surveillance
Boeing aircraft model numbers
Turbine engines
USAAS/USAAC/USAAF/USAF bomber designations, Army/Air Force and Tri-Service systems
Original sequences
Main sequence
Long-range Bomber
Tri-Service sequence


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.