Boeing began adapting many systems used in jet airplanes for hydrofoils. Robert Bateman led development. Boeing launched its first passenger-carrying waterjet-propelled hydrofoil in April 1974. It could carry from 167 to 400 passengers. It was based on the same technology pioneered by the patrol hydrofoil Tucumcari, and used some of the same technology used in the Pegasus class military patrol hydrofoils. The product line was licensed to the Japanese company Kawasaki Heavy Industries.
Boeing 929-115-018 Cacilhas at Hong Kong harbour.
|Tonnage:||30 metric tons|
|Propulsion:||2x Rolls-Royce Allison 501KF Gas Turbine engines|
|Speed:||43–47 knots (80 km/h)|
|Capacity:||240 passengers (160–400)|
|Complement:||3 officers (captain, chief engineer, engineer)|
|Notes:||2150 l gas oil/h (consider the cruising distance per hour)|
Boeing launched three Jetfoil 929-100 hydrofoils that were acquired in 1975 for service in the Hawaiian Islands, which was operated by a Honolulu-based operator Seaflite Inc. Seaflight operated 3 Boeing Jetfoils between 1975 and the company's demise in 1979. When the service ended the three hydrofoils were acquired by Far East Hydrofoil (now TurboJET) for service between Hong Kong and Macau. About two dozen Boeing Jetfoils saw service in Hong Kong-Macau, Japan, South Korea, the English Channel, the Canary Islands, the Korea Strait, Saudi Arabia and Indonesia.
In 1979, the Royal Navy purchased a Boeing Jetfoil, HMS Speedy, to provide the Royal Navy with an opportunity to gain practical experience in the operation and support of a modern hydrofoil, to establish technical and performance characteristics, and to assess the capability of a hydrofoil in the Fishery Protection Squadron.
In 1980 B&I shipping lines opened a Jetfoil service from Dublin to Liverpool with the jetfoil Cú Na Mara (Hound of the Sea). The service was not a success and was discontinued at the end of the 1981 season.
In North America, the Boeing Jetfoil saw regularly scheduled service between Seattle, Washington, and Victoria, British Columbia, during the summer tourist season of 1980. Leased from Boeing, a single Jetfoil, the Flying Princess, was operated by the non-profit Flying Princess Transportation Corp., with the close co-operation and assistance of the B.C. Steamship Company. Regularly scheduled service ran from Seattle to Victoria to Vancouver from April to September, 1985, by Island Jetfoil. Boeing reclaimed the Island Jetfoil boat and sold it for service in Japan.
|Hull||Type||Original name||Original operator||Delivery||Disposition||2nd name||2nd operator||3rd name||3rd operator||4th name||4th operator||5th name||5th operator|
|№ 1||929-100||Jetfoil One||Boeing Marine Systems||Jul 1974||Retired (spare parts)||1975 Kalakaua||Seaflite Pacific Sea Trsp.||1978 Flores||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 2||929-100||Madeira||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong||Feb 1975||Retired after accident in 2013|
|№ 3||929-100||Kamehameha||Seaflite Pacific Sea Trsp.||Mar 1975||Inactive||1978 Corvo||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong||Hijet||Hijet Ferry / Miraejet Co. Ltd.|
|№ 4||929-100||Kuhio||Seaflite Pacific Sea Trsp.||Sep 1975||Retired in 2018||1978 Pico||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 5||929-100||Santa Maria||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong||Jun 1975||Active|
|№ 6||929-100||Anita Dan||J.Lauritzen Seaflight||Oct 1976||Active||1977 Jet Caribe||Turismo Margarita||1979 Sao Jorge||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 7||929-100||Flying Princess||P&O Jet Ferries||Sep 1976||Active||1980 Princesa Voladora||Trasmediterranea||1981 Urzela||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 8||929-100||Jet Oriente||Turismo Margarita||Feb 1977||Active||1978 Jet Caribe II||-||1979 Acores||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong||KobeE II||Miraejet Co. Ltd.||KobeE III||-|
|№ 9||929-100||Okesa||Sado Kisen||Feb 1977||Retired in 2018||Guia||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 10||929-100||Flying Princess II||P&O Jet Ferries||Jul 1978||Active||Ponta Delgada||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong||KobeE V||Miraejet Co. Ltd.|
|№ 11||929-115||Mikado||Sado Kisen||1979||Active||2003 Toppy 4||Tane Yaku Jetfoils||Toppy 7||-|
|№ 12||929-115||Normandy Princess||Jetlink Ferries Ltd.||Feb 1979||Active||1980 Terceira||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 13||929-115||Jet Ferry One||P&O Jet Ferries||Sep 1979||Active||1982 Funchal||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 14||929-115||HMS Speedy||Royal Navy||Jan 1979||Active||1982 Speedy Princess||-||Lilau||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 15||929-115||Cú Na Mara||B&I Line||1980||Active||1982 Ginga||Sado Kisen|
|№ 16||929-115||Jet Ferry Two||P&O Jet Ferries||Apr 1980||Active||1982 Horta||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 17||929-115||Montevideo Jet||Alimar S.A. Argentinia||Oct 1980||Active||1981 Aries||Boeing Marine Systems||1985 Spirit Of Friendship||Island Jetfoil Co. Canada||1987 Jet 7||Jet Line Kansai Kisen||2000 Seven Island Ai||Tokai Kisen Co.|
|№ 18||929-115||Princesa Guayarmina||Trasmediterranea||Feb 1981||Active||1991 Cacilhas||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 19||929-115||Princesse Clementine||RMT Belgium||Apr 1981||Active||1998 Adler Blizzard||Adler Schiffe GmbH & Co||2001 Seajet Kara||Seajets.com||2002 Seven Island Niji||Tokai Kisen Co.|
|№ 20||929-115||Prinses Stephanie||RMT Belgium||Jun 1981||Inactive as of Dec. 2014||1998 Adler Wizzard||Adler Schiffe GmbH & Co||2001 Seajet Kristen||Seajets.com||2002 Seven Island Yume||Tokai Kisen Co.|
|№ 21||929-115||Princesa Guacimara||Trasmediterranea||Sep 1981||Active||1990 Taipa||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong|
|№ 22||929-115||Bima Samudera I||PT Pelni Indonesia||Nov 1981||2001 laid-up in Surabaya|
|№ 23||929-115||Prince Abdul Aziz II||Saudi Royal Yacht||1984||Active||Rocket 2||Cosmo Line||-||Tane Yaku Jetfoils|
|№ 24||929-119||Bima Samudera II||Indonesian Marine||Jul 1984||1984 laid-up in Surabaya|
|№ 25||929-119||Bima Samudera III||Indonesian Marine||1985||1985 laid-up in Surabaya|
|№ 26||929-117||Jet 8||Jet Line Kansai Kisen||1985||Active||1996 Falcon||Sado Kisen||2000 Venus 2||Kyushu Yusen|
|№ 27||929-120||Bima Samudera IV||Indonesian Marine||uncompleted||1985 laid-up in Surabaya shipyard|
|№ 28||929-120||Bima Samudera V||Indonesian Marine||uncompleted||1985 laid-up in Surabaya shipyard|
|Hull||Type||Original Name||Original Operator||Delivery||Disposition (2012)||2nd name||2nd operator||3rd Name||3rd operator|
|№ 1||929-117||Tsubasa||Sado Kisen||Mar 1998||Active|
|№ 2||929-117||Pegasus||Kyusyu Shosen Co. Ltd.||Jun 1989||Active||Toppy 1||Tane Yaku Jetfoils||2013 Seven Island Tomo||Tokai Kisen Co.|
|№ 3||929-117||Toppy 1||Tane Yaku Jetfoils||Sep 1989||Active||Beetle 3||JR Kyushu Jet Ferries|
|№ 4||929-117||Princess Dacil||Trasmediterranea||Mar 1990||Active||Pegasus||Kyusyu Shosen Co. Ltd.|
|№ 5||929-117||Nagasaki||JR Kyushu Jet Ferries||Apr 1990||Active||Beetle 1||JR Kyushu Jet Ferries|
|№ 6||929-117||Beetle||JR Kyushu Jet Ferries||Jul 1990||Active||Rocket||Cosmo Line||Rocket 3||Tane Yaku Jetfoils|
|№ 7||929-117||Unicorn||Kyusyu Shosen Co. Ltd.||Oct 1990||Active||Pegasus 2||Kyusyu Shosen Co. Ltd.|
|№ 8||929-117||Beetle 2||JR Kyushu Jet Ferries||Feb 1991||Active|
|№ 9||929-117||Venus||Kyushu Yusen||Mar 1991||Active|
|№ 10||929-117||Suisei||Sado Kisen||Apr 1991||Active|
|№ 11||929-117||Princess Teguise||Trasmediterranea||Jun 1991||Active||2007 Toppy 5||Tane Yaku Jetfoils|
|№ 12||929-117||Toppy 2||Tane Yaku Jetfoils||Apr 1992||Active|
|№ 13||929-117||Toppy 3||Tane Yaku Jetfoils||Mar 1995||Active|
|№ 14||929-117||Crystal Wing||Kaijo Access Co.||Jun 1994||Active||2002 Beetle 5||JR Kyushu Jet Ferries||2014 Seven Island Tairyo||Tokai Kisen Co.|
|№ 15||929-117||Emerald Wing||Kaijo Access Co.||Jun 1994||Active||2004 Rocket 1||Cosmo Line||-||Tane Yaku Jetfoil|
|Hull||Type||Original name||Original operator||Delivery||Disposition (2012)||2nd name||2nd operator|
|№ 1||PS-30-101||Balsa||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong||1994||Inactive||-||-|
|№ 2||PS-30-101||Praia||Far East Hydrofoil / TurboJET Hong Kong||1995||Active||KobeE||Miraejet Co. Ltd.|
HMS SPEEDY was procured in 1979 to provide the Royal Navy with an opportunity to gain practical experience in the operation and support of a modern hydrofoil, to establish technical and performance characteristics, and to assess the capability of a hydrofoil in the UK 'Offshore Tapestry' role. The present paper describes the operational and technical evaluation of HMS SPEEDY undertaken in 1980-82, and outlines the results obtained.
Boeing has designed and built several hydrofoil craft for both military and civilian use.Gas turbine
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine. The main elements common to all gas turbine engines are:
An upstream rotating gas compressor;
A downstream turbine on the same shaft as the compressor.A fourth component is often used to increase efficiency (on turboprops and turbofans), to convert power into mechanical or electric form (on turboshafts and electric generators), or to achieve greater thrust-to-weight ratio (on afterburning engines).
The basic operation of the gas turbine is a Brayton cycle with air as the working fluid. Atmospheric air flows through the compressor that brings it to higher pressure. Energy is then added by spraying fuel into the air and igniting it so the combustion generates a high-temperature flow. This high-temperature high-pressure gas enters a turbine, where it expands down to the exhaust pressure, producing a shaft work output in the process. The turbine shaft work is used to drive the compressor; the energy that is not used for compressing the working fluid comes out in the exhaust gases that can be used to do external work, such as directly producing thrust in a turbojet engine, or rotating a second, independent turbine (known as a power turbine) which can be connected to a fan, propeller, or electrical generator. The purpose of the gas turbine determines the design so that the most desirable split of energy between the thrust and the shaft work is achieved. The fourth step of the Brayton cycle (cooling of the working fluid) is omitted, as gas turbines are open systems that do not use the same air again.
Gas turbines are used to power aircraft, trains, ships, electrical generators, pumps, gas compressors, and tanks.HMS Speedy (P296)
HMS Speedy (P296) was a Boeing Jetfoil, latterly a mine countermeasure vessel, of the British Royal Navy, based on the civilian Boeing 929 design. She was procured in 1979, as the first of a planned class of twelve, to provide the Royal Navy with practical experience in the operation of a hydrofoil, to ascertain technical and performance characteristics, and to oversee the capability of such a craft in the Fishery Protection Squadron and North Sea Squadron. She was assigned to these squadrons in September 1981. In 1982, she was used in minesweeping and minelaying trials at Portsmouth, but these were unsuccessful and she was sold into mercantile service in 1986. As of 2019, she is serving as a high speed ferry between Hong Kong and Macau, under the name Lilau.Hydrofoil
A hydrofoil is a lifting surface, or foil, that operates in water. They are similar in appearance and purpose to aerofoils used by aeroplanes. Boats that use hydrofoil technology are also simply termed hydrofoils. As a hydrofoil craft gains speed, the hydrofoils lift the boat's hull out of the water, decreasing drag and allowing greater speeds.Transport in Macau
Transport in Macau includes road, sea and air transport. Road transport is the primary mode of transport within Macau as there are no railways. The main forms of public transport are buses and taxis. A light rail system is currently under construction.
Modes of transport out of Macau include ferries to Hong Kong and mainland China from two ferry terminals, as well as helicopter service to Hong Kong. International flights are available from Macau International Airport.
Boeing aircraft model numbers