Bodyboarding

Bodyboarding is a water sport in which the surfer rides a bodyboard on the crest, face, and curl of a wave which is carrying the surfer towards the shore. Bodyboarding is also referred to as Boogieboarding due to the invention of the "Boogie Board" by Tom Morey. The average bodyboarding consists of a short, rectangular piece of hydrodynamic foam. Bodyboarders typically use swim fins for additional propulsion and control while riding a breaking wave.

David "Dubb" Hubbard at Waimea Shorebreak.jpeg
David "Dubb" Hubbard charging a large wave at Waimea Shorebreak
Bodyboarding 18 2007
Bodyboarding in San Diego, California 2007
Bodyboarding 1 2006
Bodyboarding in Salema, Portugal 2006
Bodyboarding 3 2006
Bodyboarding at Playa del Confital
Playa Confital EM1B5094 (32423915212)
Bodyboarding at Playa del Confital
Playa Confital EM1B5035 (32576729835)
Bodyboarder at Playa del Confital doing an air reverse exit

Origin

Bodyboarding originates from an ancient form of riding waves (surfing) on one's belly. Indigenous Polynesians rode "alaia" (pronounced ah-lie-ah) boards either on their belly, knees, or feet (in rare instances). Alaia boards were generally made from the wood of Acacia koa and ranged in length and shape.[1] They are distinct from the modern stand-up surfboards in that they had no ventral fins.[2] Captain Cook recorded seeing Hawaiian villagers riding such boards when he came to Hawaii in 1778.

The boards he witnessed were about 90 to 180 cm (3 to 6 ft) and were ridden prone (on the belly) or on the knees. Alaia boards then evolved into the more modern "paipo" (pronounced pipe-oh) board. Paipo boards were either made of wood or fiberglass. Fiberglass boards usually had fins on the bottom.[3] Tom Morey hybridized this form of riding waves on one's belly on a paipo to his craft of shaping stand-up surfboards.

Riding forms

Bodyboards are shaped to the rider's specific needs and preferences such as height, weight, and form of riding. Three basic forms of riding a bodyboard include prone, dropknee, and stand-up.

Prone

Riding prone refers to when one rides the wave on their stomach. When the bodyboarder goes left, they place their left hand on the upper left corner of the nose and place their right arm halfway down the rail of the right side of the board. The opposite is true of when the bodyboarder goes right. Mike Stewart is responsible for establishing the standard and progression of the prone riding form. Most of the basic maneuvers that pertain to it were also invented by him.

Dropknee

Dropknee is when one places their preferred fin forward on the front of the deck with the opposing knee on the bottom end of the board with their fin dragging in the water. Dropknee was first pioneered in the late 1970s by Hawaii's Jack "The Ripper" Lindholm. Hence the term "Jack Stance" is in reference to his contribution to this form of riding. During the '80s and early '90s DK bodyboarding was gaining mass popularity. With riders such as Paul Roach,[4] Kainoa McGee,[5] and Keith Sasaki[6] pushing the limits of what could be done on a bodyboard it was no wonder the groms of the day started copying.

Holding a line on a wave in dropknee position is an art in itself, unlike fiberglass standup surfboards, the bodyboards Dropknee riders use don't have fins underneath to help maintain a line on the face of a wave or to stop them sliding out, dropknee riders rely on weight transition from rail to rail to hold a line on a wave and turn/snap

The bonus of not having fins underneath the board is being able to 360 spin ( forward and reverse) . It's a very technical move that looks incredible when performed in the pocket of the wave. It is also used during competitions to link up maneuvers for a higher score, (cutback to reverse 360, forward or backhand 360 to barrel or off the lip 360 to impress judges).

Stand-up

Stand-up consists of standing upright on the board and performing tricks on the face as well as in the air. While it isn't quite as popular as the other two forms of riding a bodyboard, three notable figures that popularized it are Danny Kim, Cavin Yap, and Chris Won Taloa.

The board

Materials

The bodyboard differs from a surfboard in the fact that it is much shorter (typically 100 to 110 cm (39 to 43 in) in length) and made out of different types of foam. The modern board consists of a foam 'core' encapsulated by a plastic bottom, a softer foam top known as the deck, softer foam sides known as the rails. The core is made of dow/polyethylene, arcel, polystyrene, or Polypro/polypropylene. The bottom is made of Surlyn, HDPE or Bixby. The deck is made of 8LB or CrossLink. Each type of foam core, deck, or bottom material gives a bodyboard a different amount of flex and control. Speed from the bottom turn is increased when a bodyboarder bottom turns and the board flexes and recoils, releasing energy. If the board flexes too little or too easily, speed is lost. Dow (polyethylene) cores are best suited to cooler waters as they can be too flexible in warm water. Arcel and Polypro (polypropylene) cores are best suited for warmer waters due to their increased overall stiffness.

Most boards on the market today contain one, two, or three rods (usually of carbon or graphite), referred to as stringers, to strengthen the board, reduce deformation, add stiffness and recoil to the core, thus providing greater speed off bottom turns and transitions on the wave. If a single stringer is used, it is placed in the center of the board running parallel to the rails. If two are used, they are placed symmetrically about the y-axis. Triple stringers are a combination of the placement of both a single and double stringer.

Construction

Deck, rails, and bottom are bonded via various hot air lamination techniques to the core. Previous to the lamination technique, shapers accomplished this by using glue.

Features

The shape, or curve, of the board affects how it rides. If the wide point of the board is nearer to the nose, the board tends to be best suited to prone riding as the bodyboarder's weight rests further up on the board. Boards with more parallel rails or a narrow nose tend to be more ideal for drop-knee and stand-up riding as the rider's center of gravity tends to rest further back.

Most modern boards are equipped with channels that increase surface area in the critical parts of the board which, in turn, allow it to have varying hold and control on the wave. Originally, skegs were installed to decrease slippage on a wave face. However, progressive bodyboarding has rendered use of such skegs obsolete due to the looseness required for maneuverability on a wave. For such reasons, skegs are rarely used today and, even then, almost exclusively by dropknee or stand-up bodyboarders.

Tail shapes influence the way that boards perform in the line-up. Crescent tails provide the greatest amount of hold in steep waves. Crescent tails are generally preferred by drop-knee riders because the shape interferes less. Crescent tails are also preferred by beginners, due to being able to perform well in varying conditions.[7] Bat tails provide looseness for rail to rail transitions. Prone riders tend to prefer bat tails more than dropknee riders.

Progression

Michael Novy doing an air reverse 360 at Backdoor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii.
Michael Novy doing an air reverse 360 at Backdoor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii PH: Evan Fa

From the conception of the modern bodyboard in 1971, bodyboarding has experienced spurts of rapid growth both as an industry and extreme sport. With its origins in America, over the past decade the industry has shifted from a primarily American to a global industry phenomena. The sport has grown into a worldwide industry with growing strongholds in Australia, South American countries like Peru and Chile, Japan, Canary Islands (Spain), South Africa, and so forth. The evolution of maneuvers and waves in which it is being done have rendered it one of the most extreme wave riding forms in the world.

Bodyboarders have been accredited with pioneering some of the world's heaviest, most renowned surf locations in the world: Teahupo'o, French Polynesia; Shark Island, Australia; El Fronton, Spain; Cyclops, Australia; Ours, Australia; Luna Park, Australia; etc. In addition, bodyboarders place strong emphasis on aerial maneuvers on bigger, heavier sections of waves. These include aerial 360s, ARS (Air Roll Spin), el rollos, inverts (tweaking the board with the momentum of the wave and then swinging it back), backflips, ATS (Aéreo Thiago Schmitd) and variations/hybrids of these maneuvers are also performed. Notable accomplishments for prone aerial maneuvers include:

El Rollo: Originally completed simultaneously by Hawaii's Pat Caldwell at Sandy Beach & Hawaii's Mike Stewart at Kona breaks such as Kahalu'u Bay. Reverse Rollo: Originally completed by Kauai's Kyle Maligro. Invert: Unknown. ARS (Air Roll Spin): Originally completed by Australia's Michael Eppelstun. Argued that California's Jacob Reeve completed it at the same time. Backflip: Originally completed by Australia's Michael Eppelstun. Double Rollo: Originally completed by Australia's Michael Eppelstun. Air forward 360°: Originally completed by Hawaii's Mike Stewart. Air reverse 360°: Originally completed by Hawaii's Mike Stewart. Air Hubb (Forward air to el rollo): Originally completed by Kauai's Jeff Hubbard. Gainer Flip: Originally completed by Tahiti's David Tuarau. GORF (Invert to front flip forward): Originally completed by Nathan "Nugget" Purcell. Invert to Reverse 360° "Inverse": Originally completed by Kauai's Jeff Hubbard. Devert (Invert to reverse el rollo): Originally completed by Kauai's David Phillips. Air reverse 720°: Originally completed by Hawaii's Jeff Hubbard. ATS - Aéreo Thiago Schmitd (Thiago Schmitd's Air): Originally completed by Brazil's Thiago Schmitd

Male bodyboarders

  • Mike Stewart (Hawaii, USA) is considered the father of modern bodyboarding, acclaimed as one of the best wave riders of all time, and holds nine world titles. He is also the only bodyboarder to receive the Mr. Pipeline title.
  • Ben Severson (Hawaii, USA) is a pioneer of bodyboarding, world champion, and competitive rival of Mike Stewart for over fifteen years.
  • Guilherme Tamega (Brazil) is second only to Stewart for number of world titles, holding six. He has gained reputation and fame for his aggressive riding style and approach in both small and heavy surf.
  • Mike "Eppo" Eppulston is the first Australian and also the first non-Hawaiian to win the World Title (1993). He is also known for creating the ARS and backflip.
  • Paul Roach (California, USA) is accredited with developing a new style of progressive dropknee riding in both small and large waves. He is also considered, by many, as the greatest dropknee rider of all time.
  • Matt Lackey (Coolangatta, Australia) currently rated by his peers as the best dropknee rider in the world. Known for tearing apart waves around the world such as Cloud 9, but best known for his dominance over his local break at Dbah in Australia.
  • Jeff Hubbard (Hawaii, USA) is best known for his phenomenal aerial approach to bodyboarding. He currently holds three world titles.
  • Ryan Hardy (Australia) is influential in the progression of Australian and international bodyboarding. Known for his fluid yet powerful style of surfing.
  • Ben Player (Australia) is also considered one of the greatest influences in bodyboarding both Australia and the world. He holds three world titles.
  • Andre Botha (South Africa) is the youngest athlete to win the world title (1998). He then won a second world title the next tour season of 1999. Known for his extreme approach to wave riding in shorebreaks and heavy waves.
  • brahim iddouch (Morocco) is influential in the progression of Moroccan and international bodyboarding. Known for his fluid yet special and powerful style of surfing, and he's ranked 7 in the global bodyboarders ranking.

Female bodyboarders

Phylis Dameron was the first person, man or woman, to ride big Waimea Bay on a bodyboard in the late 1970s. During the early 1990s in Brazil, Mariana Nogueira, Glenda Koslowski, and Stephanie Petterson set standards that pushed women's bodyboarding to a world class level. Stephanie Petterson won the first official World Championship of Women's Bodyboarding[8] at Pipeline in 1990. It was the first women's event ever held there and initiated the longest running women's wave sport event in the world. 2009 marked the event's 20th anniversary.

World championships

From 1982–1993, the winner of the International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships at Pipeline, Hawaii was considered world champion. Since then a world tour has determined the sport's champion. The world tour is administered by the Association of Professional Bodyboarders World Tour, the governing tour determining bodyboarding's world champion.

Current Men's APB World Tour champion is Jared Houston of South Africa. Current Women's APB World Champion is Alexandra Rinder of Canary Islands.[10]

Results

Men's Bodyboarding World Tour

Year Competition Winner Country
1982 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Daniel Kiami USA (Hawaii)
1983 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Mike Stewart USA (Hawaii)
1984 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Mike Stewart USA (Hawaii)
1985 Not held
1986 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Ben Severson USA (Hawaii)
1987 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Mike Stewart USA (Hawaii)
1988 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Mike Stewart USA (Hawaii)
1989 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Mike Stewart USA (Hawaii)
1990 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Mike Stewart USA (Hawaii)
1991 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Mike Stewart USA (Hawaii)
1992 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Mike Stewart USA (Hawaii)
1993 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Michael Eppelstun Australia
1994 International Morey Boogie Bodyboard Pro Championships Mike Stewart USA (Hawaii)
1994 GOB World Tour Guilherme Tâmega Brazil
1995 GOB World Tour Guilherme Tâmega Brazil
1996 GOB World Tour Guilherme Tâmega Brazil
1997 GOB World Tour Guilherme Tâmega Brazil
1998 GOB World Tour Andre Botha South Africa
1999 GOB World Tour Andre Botha South Africa
2000 GOB Super Tour Paulo Barcellos Brazil
2001 GOB Super Tour Guilherme Tâmega Brazil
2002 GOB Super Tour Guilherme Tâmega Brazil
2003 IBA World Tour Damian King Australia
2004 IBA World Tour Damian King Australia
2005 IBA World Tour Ben Player Australia
2006 IBA World Tour Jeff Hubbard USA (Hawaii)
2007 IBA World Tour Ben Player Australia
2008 IBA World Tour Uri Valadão Brazil
2009 IBA World Tour Jeff Hubbard USA (Hawaii)
2010 IBA World Tour Amaury Lavernhe France
2011 IBA World Tour Pierre-Louis Costes France
2012 IBA World Tour Jeff Hubbard USA (Hawaii)
2013 IBA World Tour Ben Player Australia
2014 APB World Tour Amaury Lavernhe France
2015 APB World Tour Jared Houston[11] South Africa
2016 APB World Tour Pierre-Louis Costes[12] France
2017 APB World Tour Iain Campbell South Africa

Women's Bodyboarding Champions

Year Competition Winner Country
1987 Glenda Koslowski Brazil
1988 Not held
1989 Glenda Koslowski Brazil
1990 Glenda Koslowski Brazil
1990 Sthephanie Pettersen Brazil
1991 Glenda Koslowski Brazil
1992 Mariana Nogueira Brazil
1993 Sthephanie Pettersen Brazil
1994 Sthephanie Pettersen Brazil
1995 Mariana Nogueira Brazil
1995 Claudia Ferrari Brazil
1996 Daniela Freitas Brazil
1997 Daniela Freitas Brazil
1998 Mariana Nogueira Brazil
1999 Karla Costa Taylor Brazil
2000 Soraia Rocha Brazil
2001 Soraia Rocha Brazil
2002 Sthephanie Pettersen Brazil
2003 Neymara Carvalho Brazil
2004 Neymara Carvalho Brazil
2005 Kira Llewellyn Sunshine Coast (Australia)
2006 Marina Taylor Canary Islands(Spain)
2007 Neymara Carvalho Brazil
2008 Neymara Carvalho Brazil
2009 Neymara Carvalho Brazil
2010 Isabela Souza Brazil
2011 Eunate Aguirre Bilbao-Biskay(Spain)
2012 Isabela Souza Brazil
2013 Isabela Souza Brazil
2014 Alexandra Rinder Canary Islands(Spain)
2015 Alexandra Rinder Canary Islands(Spain)
2016 Isabela Souza Brazil
2017 Joana Schenker Costa Vicentina, Algarve (Portugal)
2018 Ayaka Suzuki Chigasaki-shi, Kanagawa (Japan)

ISA World Bodyboard Championship

Año Host County Gold Silver Bronze Ref.
2011 Canary Islands, Spain France (5.860) Spain (4.871) Morocco (3.830) Australia (3.813) [13]
2012 Isla Margarita, Venezuela Brasil (9.368) France (8.645) Venezuela (8.449) South Africa (7.258) [13]
2013 Playa Parguito, Venezuela Brazil (9.585) Venezuela (9.119) Chile (8.189) Costa Rica (6.595) [13]
2014 Iquique, Chile Chile (8.738) France (8.565) South Africa (8.336) Portugal (7.227) [14]
2015 Iquique, Chile Brasil (5.246) Chile (4.963) France (4.506) Peru (4.313) [15]

References

  1. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel Hoyt Elbert (2003). "lookup of Alaia". in Hawaiian Dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  2. ^ Brisick, Jamie (4 December 2009). "Ancient Surfboard Style Is Finding New Devotees". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  3. ^ "My Paipo Boards and... More (for those of us who are prone to ride)". mypaipoboards.org, sourced. Retrieved 11 July 2009.
  4. ^ "Paul Roach - Bodyboard Museum". bodyboardmuseum.com.au.
  5. ^ "Kainoa McGee - Bodyboard Museum". bodyboardmuseum.com.au.
  6. ^ "Keith Sasaki - Bodyboard Museum". bodyboardmuseum.com.au.
  7. ^ "The Beachgoer Bodyboard Buying Guide". Beachgoer. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  8. ^ "AWB World Championship of Women's Bodyboarding Results". Association of Women Bodyboarders. Archived from the original on 4 February 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  9. ^ "Alexandra Rinder: the youngest female bodyboarding champion of all time". surfertoday.com. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  10. ^ "APB World Champions". Association of Professional Bodyboarders.
  11. ^ "Women's World Rankings". apbtour.com. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  12. ^ "Men's World Rankings". apbtour.com. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  13. ^ a b c "Resultados del Campeonato del Mundo de Bodyboard de la ISA". www.isasurf.org (in Spanish). Asociación Internacional de Surf. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  14. ^ "El equipo de Chile gana el ISA World Bodyboard Championship 2014 en Iquique, Chile". www.isasurf.org. Asociación Internacional de Surf. 14 December 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  15. ^ "El equipo de Brasil gana el ISA World Bodyboard Championship 2015". www.isasurf.org. Asociación Internacional de Surf. 13 December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.

External links

nomad.com.au

funkshen.com

webodyboard.com

Bellyboarding

Bellyboarding is a surface water sport in which the surfer rides a bodyboard on the crest, face, and curl of a wave which is carrying the surfer towards the shore.

Ben Player

Ben Player is an Australian bodyboarder who was world champion in 2005, 2007 and 2013. His 2007 victory came after placing second (narrowly being defeated by Damian King) in the 2006 Pipeline final. He has finished #2 overall on the World Bodyboarding Tour several times. Ben now also helps run Movement Bodyboarding magazine.

Bodysurfing

Bodysurfing is the art and sport of riding a wave without the assistance of any buoyant device such as a surfboard or bodyboard. Bodysurfers often equip themselves with a pair of swimfins that aid propulsion and help the bodysurfer catch, ride and kick out of waves. Some bodysurfers also use a ‘handplane’, which helps get your chest out of the water to reduce drag.

Some of the best waves for bodysurfing are steep, fast, tubing beachbreak waves that are often unsuitable for boardsurfing; two of the best known are Sandy Beach and Makapuu on the east shore of Oahu in Hawaii. The Wedge, in Newport Beach, California, a ferocious sand-pounding peak wave aptly described by Sports Illustrated in 1971 as "a great big screaming shorebreak," has for decades been bodysurfing's most fearsome and famous break. Other regions with world-class bodysurfing waves include Hossegor (France), Puerto Escondido (Mexico), and Nazaré (Portugal).

Distinguished bodysurfers include Buffalo Keaulana and Barry Holt of Hawaii; Californians Bud Browne, Candy Calhoun, Larry Lunbeck, and Mickey Muñoz; Wedge riders Fred Simpson, Terry Wade, and Mark McDonald; and Australians Don McCredie, Tony Hubbard, Max Watt, and Michael Fay. Hawaiian lifeguard Mark Cunningham, a sublimely smooth master at the board-dominated Pipeline, was unanimously regarded as the world's premier bodysurfer from the mid-1970s to the early '90s; nine-time bodyboarding world champion Mike Stewart then become the sport's dominant presence, and was the first to do a barrel roll at Pipeline.

Flowriding

Flowriding (or Flowboarding) is a late-20th century alternative boardsport incorporating elements of surfing, bodyboarding, skateboarding, skimboarding, snowboarding and wakeboarding.Flowriders ride on artificial waves that are technically called "sheet waves". Powerful pumps project an approximately 7.5 cm (3 in) layer of water at speeds ranging from approximately 10 to 15 m/s (35 to 55 km/h; 20 to 35 mph). The water flows up and over surfaces engineered to replicate the shape of ocean waves. Sheet waves are stationary waves, in that the wave does not move forward, and the movement is derived from water flowing over a stationary surface. Flowriders get their speed from the energy of the water flowing at them, and can perform basic to sophisticated turns and tricks within a relatively small area.Even though there are a number of different types of structures used for flowriding, the two which are recognized at a competitive level are the WhiteWater West Single and Double FlowRiders and the WhiteWater West FlowBarrel.The sports has two main divisions, based on the type of board: the flowboard and the bodyboard.

Most of Royal Caribbean’s ships have FlowRiders situated on the sports deck.

Guilherme Tâmega

Guilherme Tâmega is a six-time world bodyboarding champion.Born in Brazil, Tamega won the Shark Island Challenge bodyboarding event three times in a row. He also competes in the international bodyboarding World Tour.

On 3/3/2016 Tamega and Pro Surfer Jamie O'Brien rescued a drowning bodyboarder who had wiped out at Pipeline.

International Bodyboarding Association

The International Bodyboarding Association (IBA) is the governing body for professional Bodyboarders and is dedicated to showcasing the world’s best talent in a variety of progressive formats

It is the IBA which promotes the World Tour, the international world bodyboarding tour.

Jeff Hubbard

Jeff Hubbard is the 2012 IBA World Tour bodyboarder champion from Kauai, Hawaii. His brother David also won a bodyboarding world title: the 2009 IBA Drop Knee World Tour. Jeff won his first IBA World Title in 2006 and the second in 2009 and third in 2012.

His style is characterized by aerial tricks, and recognized by constantly pushing the boundaries of the sport. His split leg invert and looped 360 airs are a kind of trademark, and he is also regarded as one of the few bodyboarders to ever land an aerial 720.

He is a four-time winner of the IBA Pipeline Pro bodyboarding contest in 2002, 2006, 2011 and 2012.Jeff Now owns his own bodyboard brand with his brother dave called Hubboards. www.hubboards.com

Jeff also has his own swim fins called Air Hubb swim fins.

Three-time IBA World Champion (2006, 2009, 2012)

Four-time IBA Pipeline Champion (2003, 2007,2011,2012)

Eleven-time United States National Title Holder (8 professional and 3 amateur)

Sintra Portugal Pro Champion 2009

Peruvian Inka Challenge Champion 2009

Canary Islands El Fronton Wild Wild Wave Champion 2010

Mexico Zigatela Pro Champion 2011, 2012/td>

Encanto Pro Champion 2012

Port Macquarie festival of Bodyboarding Champion 2012

Hubbard won the "El Fronton - The Wild Wild Wave Invitational 2010" and the "IBA Pipeline Pro 2011" reaching his third Pipe Title. With the last two high scoring waves (9.75 and 9.5 out of 10) in the last 5 minutes of the final, he dramatically jumped to the top spot after being fourth (and last) for most of the heat.[1]

List of surface water sports

The following is a list of surface water sports; these are sports which are performed atop a body of water.

Michael Eppelstun

Michael "Eppo" Eppelstun is an Australian professional bodyboarder who won the bodyboarding world championship in 1993. In winning the competition, he became the first Australian and the first non-Hawaiian to win the World Title. Eppo helped develop two new moves in the bodyboarding world which ushered in whole new gymnastic approach to riding a bodyboard. First came the Air Roll Spin and shortly later the Blackflip.

Ninety Mile Beach, New Zealand

Ninety Mile Beach (official name Te-Oneroa-a-Tōhē/Ninety Mile Beach) is on the western coast of the far north of the North Island of New Zealand. It stretches from just west of Kaitaia towards Cape Reinga along the Aupouri Peninsula. It begins close to the headland of Reef Point, to the west of Ahipara Bay, sweeping briefly northeast before turning northwest for the majority of its length. It ends at Scott Point, 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of Cape Maria van Diemen. Despite the name, the beach is actually just 88 kilometres (55 miles) long. In the days of sailing ships a number of vessels were wrecked on this beach.

The beach and its northern dunes at Te Paki are a tourist destination. The dunes, looking much like a desert landscape, are often used for bodyboarding.

Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic

The Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic (PBC) is a bodysurfing competition held annually during the winter season at the Banzai Pipeline on the North Shore of the island of Oahu in Hawaii.

The goals (and historical precedent) for the Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic are based on the original concept of the North Shore Expressive / Paipo bodysurfing event.

The Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic first ran in February 1971 (which preceded the Pipe Masters, which ran in December 1971). Therefore, the Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic was the first surfing event at Pipeline (Ehukai Beach Park) on the North Shore of Oahu.

The event was originally hosted by the Honolulu City Parks Department to promote water safety and wave consciousness, as a multi-division bodysurfing, handboard and skegless paipo board competition open to both men and women.

Eventually, the event was adopted by the North Shore Bodysurfing Club in Haleiwa, Hawaii.

Currently, the Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic, started in February 1971; and the Oceanside World Bodysurfing Championship, started in 1977, are the two biggest bodysurfing competitions in the world. The PBC is an event open to all bodysurfers. It is a judged competition specific to Bodysurfing and uses established judging standards.

The Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic was denied contest permits for the surf calendar seasons 2006-2007, 2008-2009, 2009–2010 (run on World Bodyboarding Championships Permit 1/2 day event), and 2010-2011 (run on IBA Bodyboarding Championships Permit 1/3 day event). Exclusive access to Pipeline and other surf breaks is a very scarce resource. The City and County of Honolulu decides which contests will receive permits. In 2010, a half day contest was held on February 24. It was won by Mike Stewart for the 12th time. Mark Cunningham who had won 6th times came in third place.

In 2011, a third of a day contest was completed on February 19, 2011. It was won by Mike Stewart for the 13th time.

Since 2011, the City and County of Honolulu Department of Parks & Recreation has only offered a permit for this event in a time frame which conflicts another event.

During 2016 the North Shore Bodysurfing Club attempted mediation with other event applicants to allow the Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic to co-exist on the 2017-2018 North Shore surf events calendar. The outcome was a contested case hearing set for October 2017 to determine a January 4 2018 event. The North Shore Bodysurfing Club had submitted a request for mayor action through the Mayor's information officer to resolve the scheduling conflict. In the end the City and County of Honolulu Department of Parks & Recreation would not allow the information officer to attempt a resolution. This prevented the opportunity for both the Pipeline Bodysurfing Classic (one day event) and World Bodyboarding Championship (two day event) to be included on the 2017-2018 North Shore surf events calendar.

Riverboarding

Riverboarding is a boardsport in which the participant lies prone on their board with fins on their feet for propulsion and steering. This sport is also known as hydrospeed in Europe and as riverboarding or white-water sledging in New Zealand, depending on the type of board used. Riverboarding includes commercial, recreational and the swiftwater rescue practice of using a high-flotation riverboard, designed for buoyancy in highly aerated water.

Shark Island (Cronulla Beach)

Shark Island is a dangerous reef break about 100 metres off Cronulla, New South Wales, Australia. It comprises a rock ledge that is fully exposed at low tide.

The island is a well-known bodyboarding and surfing location. The wave can stand up fast and violently ("jack up" in surfing jargon), making it difficult and dangerous. The island is regarded by bodyboarders as producing one of the "heaviest" waves in the world.

The annual Shark Island Challenge bodyboarding contest is held there, as well as the annual Shark Island Swim Challenge held at Cronulla Beach.

Shark Island Challenge

The Shark Island Challenge (SIC), held near Cronulla, New South Wales, Australia, is the most celebrated World Tour event in bodyboarding since the elimination of the Teahupoo Challenge (Teahupoo) from the world bodyboarding tour.

Surfing South Africa

Surfing South Africa (SSA) is the governing body for the sport of surfing in South Africa, and a recognised member of the world governing body, the International Surfing Association (ISA). SSA is also an affiliate of the South African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee (SASCOC), which, alongside Sport and Recreation South Africa (SRSA) supervises all organised sport in South Africa.

SSA is responsible for the control of all aspects of Surfing in South Africa, from entry-level participation to the management of the elite level Pro Surf Tour (PST). Provincial bodies, along with the SA Longboarding Association, the SA Bodyboarding Association and the SA Students Surfing Association are all affiliated to Surfing South Africa.

Surfing in Madeira

Surfing first started in the Portuguese island of Madeira in the 1970s off the villages of Paul do Mar, Jardim do Mar and Ponta Pequena. Almost every surfspot is rocky and powerful. No waves seem to break under six feet in the winter months. Madeira did not really come to the attention of foreign surfers until articles in surfing magazines in the mid-1990s. Since 1996, top Portuguese surfers from the mainland compete in the Madeira regional edition of the 'Billabong' Challenge.In 2001, the World Big Wave Championships were held in Madeira.

One memorable session in the history of Madeira surfing occurred on 25 January 1995 at Jardim Do Mar. Portuguese big wave legend José Seabra and the Californian artist/rapper/surfer Ithaka rode absolutely flawless waves up to eight meters on the face by themselves, with no other surfers in the water. Photographs of the session by João Valente have appeared in publications around the world including the cover of Surf Portugal Magazine. The conditions which were some of the cleanest and glassiest ever recorded at the classic big wave point break inspired Ithaka to write the song "Seabra Is Mad" about Seabra's performance on that day. The song was released on Ithaka's 2nd album Stellafly (1997) and was later awarded both "Song Of The Year" and "Video Of The Year" by the national newspaper Público, as well a being nominated for "Song Of The Year" at that year's annual Premios Blitz (the Portuguese equivalent of The Grammy Awards). Ithaka also wrote two other songs inspired by surfing in Madeira, "Eden By The Sea" (also from the album Stellafly) and "Been Four Years" (album Flowers And The Color Of Paint). In 2012, Paul Mandaca, a Brazilian blues rock performer used a version of "Eden By The Sea" as the title track of his debut album.

Teahupo'o

Teahupoʻo (Polynesian pronunciation: [/te.ahupoʔo/]) is a village on the south-west coast of the island of Tahiti, French Polynesia, southern Pacific Ocean.

It is known for the surf break and heavy, glassy waves offshore, often reaching 2 to 3 m (6.6 to 9.8 ft), and sometimes up to 7 meters (23 feet). It is the site of the annual Billabong Pro Tahiti surf competition, part of the World Championship Tour (WCT) of the Association of Surfing Professionals World Tour surfing circuit and used to be one stop in the World Tour of the International Bodyboarding Association.Bodyboarding pioneers Mike Stewart and Ben Severson were the first to surf Teahupo'o in 1986 and it soon became an underground spot for thrill-seeking bodyboarders. Few professional surfers rode Teahupo'o during the early 1990s and it was only in 1998, at the Gotcha Tahiti Pro, that Teahupo'o became widely recognized as having some of the heaviest waves in the world. On August 17, 2000 Laird Hamilton is credited with surfing the "heaviest wave" ever ridden, documented in the film Riding Giants. In 2003 the late Malik Joyeux successfully rode one of the largest waves ever ridden.

Nathan Florence, younger brother of two-time World Surf League champion John John Florence, caught in May 2015 what some have considered to have been the biggest wave ever successfully paddled in Teahupo'o.Keala Kennelly was the first woman to tow-surf Teahupo'o in May 2005, getting a 10-foot barrel ahead of the Billabong Tahiti Pro contest.This challenging break has been conquered by many top windsurfers, including Jason Polakow and Levi Siver. Yannick Salmon was the first kitesurfer to ride Teahupo'o; however, it was incorrectly written in publications that others had ridden it before him. Jeremie Eloy and Julien Sudrat kitesurfed the wave after Yannick.

Water park

A water park or waterpark is an amusement park that features water play areas such as swimming pools, water slides, splash pads, water playgrounds, and lazy rivers, as well as areas for bathing, swimming, and other barefoot environments. Modern water parks may also be equipped with some type of artificial surfing or bodyboarding environment, such as a wave pool or flowrider.

World Tour (bodyboarding)

The APB World Tour is the men's international bodyboarding tour, which started at 1994 and has undergone a few changes in names and regulations since.

Every year the bodyboarder who top-scores in the ranking, by winning points competing in the World Tour events around the world, is given the world title.

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