Bocce (/boʊtʃi/), sometimes anglicized as bocci[1][2][3] or boccie,[4][5] is a ball sport belonging to the boules family, closely related to British bowls and French pétanque, with a common ancestry from ancient games played in the Roman Empire. Developed into its present form in Italy[6] (where it is called bocce, the plural of the Italian word boccia which means 'bowl' in the sport sense),[7] it is played around Europe and also in overseas areas that have received Italian migrants, including Australia, North America, and South America (where it is known as bochas, or bolas criollas ('Criollo balls') in Venezuela, bocha in Brazil). Bocce was initially played among the Italian migrants but has slowly become more popular with their descendants and the wider community.

The sport is also very popular on the eastern side of the Adriatic, especially in Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, where the sport is known in Serbo-Croatian as boćanje ('playing boće') or balote (colloquially also bućanje).[8][9][10] In Slovenia the sport is known as balinanje[11] or colloquially 'playing boče', or bale (from Italian bocce and Venetian bałe, meaning 'balls').[12]

Bocce players scoring
Bocce players scoring a match, 2005
Highest governing bodyFédération Internationale de Boules
First playedAncient Rome
Team membersIndividual
EquipmentBocce (balls) & pallino (jack)
Bochas oliver family
An Argentine family playing bocce in San Vicente, Buenos Aires, c. 1902
Bocce Play Cape Coral FL-2007
Bocce play in Cape Coral, Florida, US in 2007
Bocce being played

Rules and play

Bocce is traditionally played on natural soil and asphalt courts 27.5 metres (90 ft) in length and 2.5 to 4 metres (8.2 to 13.1 ft) wide.[13] Bocce balls can be made of metal[14] or various kinds of plastic. Unlike lawn bowls, bocce balls are spherical and have no inbuilt bias. A game can be conducted between two players, or two teams of two, three, or four. A match is started by a randomly chosen side being given the opportunity to throw a smaller ball, the jack (called a boccino ('little bocce') or pallino ('bullet' or 'little ball') in Italian, depending on local custom), from one end of the court into a zone 5 metres (16 ft) in length, ending 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) from the far end of the court. If the first team misses twice, the other team is awarded the opportunity to place the jack anywhere they choose within the prescribed zone.[15]

The side that first attempted to place the jack is given the opportunity to bowl first. Once the first bowl has taken place, the other side has the opportunity to bowl. From then on, the side which does not have the ball closest to the jack has a chance to bowl, up until one side or the other has used their four balls. At that point, the other side bowls its remaining balls. The team with the closest ball to the jack is the only team that can score points in any frame. The scoring team receives one point for each of their balls that is closer to the jack than the closest ball of the other team. The length of a game varies by region but is typically from 7 to 13 points.[16][17]

Players are permitted to throw the ball in the air using an underarm action. This is generally used to knock either the jack or another ball away to attain a more favorable position. Tactics can get quite complex when players have sufficient control over the ball to throw or roll it accurately.[18]


Bocce volo

A variation called bocce volo uses a metal ball, which is thrown overhand (palm down), after a run-up to the throwing line. In that latter respect, it is similar to the French boules game jeu provençal also known as boule lyonnaise. A French variant of the game is called pétanque, and (lacking the run-up) is more similar in some respects to traditional bocce.[19]


Australian Boccia team members
Australian boccia team members

Another development, for persons with disabilities, is called boccia. It is a shorter-range game, played with leather balls on an indoor, smooth surface. Boccia was first introduced to the Paralympics at the 1984 New York/Stoke Mandeville Games, and is one of the only two Paralympic sports that do not have an Olympic counterpart (the other being goalball).[20]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ US 5480026
  3. ^ "". Archived from the original on 2007-10-18. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  4. ^ Merriam-Webster
  5. ^ Collins English Dictionary
  6. ^ Malta and Gozo.
  7. ^ "boccia". Italian-English translation in the Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 11th Edition. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  8. ^ Croatian Bocce Association
  9. ^ Croatian Bocce Federation
  10. ^ BiH Bocce Association
  11. ^ "Bocce Association of Slovenia". Archived from the original on 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
  12. ^ "Slovene Ethnographic Museum". Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2012-03-13.
  13. ^ - Official Rules - Chapter 1 - Article 4 - Specifications of the Court
  14. ^ - Official Rules - Chapter 1 - Article 1 - The Bowls
  15. ^ Malta and Gozo.
  16. ^ - Official Rules - Chapter 2 - Article 8 - Points to be Made and the Duration of the Match
  17. ^ Malta and Gozo.
  18. ^ Malta and Gozo.
  19. ^ Petanque vs. Bocce at Petanque America
  20. ^ "Boccia". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 2018-03-12.

External links

100 Van Ness Avenue

100 Van Ness is a skyscraper in San Francisco. Formerly an office building, it was converted into residential use. It is located in the Civic Center neighborhood near the San Francisco City Hall on Van Ness Avenue. The building, completed in 1974, stands 400 feet (122 m) and has 29 floors of former office space that housed the California State Automobile Association (CSAA).The building was sold by CSAA to VNO Patson, LLC in 2008 and was leased back to CSAA until 2010, at which time they relocated to a new corporate headquarters campus near Walnut Creek. VNO Patson's interest in the building was foreclosed on by its lender and is now owned by Civic Center Commons Associates, which took title to the property in 2011. The current owner, Emerald Fund, converted the building into 418 rental apartments. It was completed by 2015. The amenity roof deck is the largest in San Francisco and includes a bocce ball court, fire pit BBQ stations and several group lounge spaces (complete with heated concrete benches).

The conversion architect was completed by the San Francisco office of Solomon Cordwell and Buenz and the interior design was completed by New York-based Irish Interior Designer Colum McCartan, founder and principal of McCARTAN.

Andorra at the 2013 Mediterranean Games

Andorra competed at the 2013 Mediterranean Games in Mersin, Turkey from the 20th to 30 June 2013.

Andorra will be represented by 14 athletes in 8 sports.

Bocce (band)

Bocce is an electronic rock band from Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Bocce volo

Bocce volo ("flying boules"), or boule lyonnaise ("Lyonnais boules"), is a boules-type game.

In bocce volo, the balls are thrown overhand (palm down) and are metal. In standard bocce, the wooden or plastic balls are tossed underhand (palm up) and rolled.

Volo, as it is called for short by the Italians, derives its name from the Italian verb volare meaning 'to fly', and refers to the technique of throwing a ball through the air in an attempt to knock away an opponent's ball.

Bocce volo is similar to pétanque in that the ball is thrown rather than rolled or bowled. It is similar to traditional bocce (and different from pétanque) in that the ball is delivered with a run-up. A volo players' run-up is athletic, even theatrical, as in jeu provençal.


Boccia ( BOTCH-ə) is a precision ball sport, similar to bocce, and related to bowls and pétanque. The name "boccia" is derived from the Latin word for "boss" – bottia. The sport is contested at local, national and international levels, by athletes with severe physical disabilities. It was originally designed to be played by people with cerebral palsy but now includes athletes with other severe disabilities affecting motor skills. In 1984, it became a Paralympic sport, and in 2008 was being practised in over fifty countries worldwide. Boccia is governed by the Boccia International Sports Federation (BISFed) and is one of only two Paralympic sports (along with goalball) that have no counterpart in the Olympic program.


Boules (French pronunciation: ​[bul]) is a collective name for a wide range of games similar to bowls and bocce (In French: jeu or jeux, in Italian: gioco or giochi) in which the objective is to throw or roll heavy balls (called boules in France, and bocce in Italy) as close as possible to a small target ball, called the jack in English.

Boules-type games are traditional and popular in many European countries and are also popular in some former French colonies in Africa and Asia. Boules games are often played in open spaces (town squares and parks) in villages and towns. Dedicated playing areas for boules-type games are typically large, level, rectangular courts made of flattened earth, gravel, or crushed stone, enclosed in wooden rails or back boards.

Boules at the 2013 Mediterranean Games

The bocce competitions at the 2013 Mediterranean Games in Mersin took place between 25 June and 29 June at the Toroslar Bocce Facility.

Athletes competed in 10 events across 3 disciplines: lyonnaise, pétanque and raffa.

Boules at the Mediterranean Games

Bocce is one of the sports at the quadrennial Mediterranean Games competition. It has been a sport in the program of the Mediterranean Games since its inception in 1997.

Jeu provençal

Jeu provençal ('game of Provence'; also known as boule lyonnaise, "boules of Lyon") is a French form of boules.

In Italy, the sport bocce volo, which is played with bronze balls, follows a similar set of rules.

Lords Point, Connecticut

Lords Point is a small private village on the Atlantic Coast in the town of Stonington, Connecticut, established in 1909. Lords Point has over 200 houses and summer cottages, with an average summer population of 800 people.

There are six beaches in Lords Point: Open Way, Tim's Beach, Boulder Beach, Hopkins Beach, Pebble Beach, and Trestle Beach. There are two docks: Boulder and Langworthy. These are limited to Lords Point residents and guests only.

Facilities at the Point include a basketball court, a bocce area, a tennis court, a soccer field, and a Community House which hosts various summer activities, including Bingo, teen parties, art programs, an annual talent show, and athletic classes.

Malta at the 2013 Mediterranean Games

Malta competed at the 2013 Mediterranean Games in Mersin, Turkey from the 20th to 30 June 2013.

Montenegro at the 2013 Mediterranean Games

Montenegro competed at the 2013 Mediterranean Games in Mersin, Turkey from the 20th to 30 June 2013.

Montenegro was represented by women's handball team and 24 athletes in 11 individual sports.


Pétanque (French pronunciation: ​[petɑ̃k]; Occitan: petanca [peˈtaŋkɔ]) is a sport that falls into the category of boules sports, along with raffa, bocce, boule lyonnaise, lawn bowls and crown green bowling. All of these sports share something in common, in that players or teams play their boules/balls towards a target ball.

In Pétanque the objective is to score points by having boules closer to the target than your opponent after all boules have been thrown. This is achieved by projecting boules closer to the target, called a cochonnet, or by hitting the opponents' boules away from the target, while standing inside a circle with both feet on the ground.

The game is normally played on hard dirt or gravel. It can be played in public areas in parks, or in dedicated facilities called boulodromes.

The current form of the game originated in 1907 or 1910 in La Ciotat, in Provence, France. The French name pétanque (borrowed into English, with or without the acute accent) comes from petanca in the Provençal dialect of the Occitan language, deriving from the expression pès tancats [ˈpɛs taŋˈkats], meaning 'feet fixed' or 'feet planted' (on the ground).

Raffa (boules)

Raffa (also known as raffa bocce or roundup), is a specialty, both male and female, of boules. It is governed by Confederazione Boccistica Internazionale (CBI).

Along with pétanque and bocce volo, it's one of the three specialties proposed by the Confédération Mondiale des Sports de Boules (all of which are included in the World Games) as possible new disciplines for the 2024 Summer Olympics.

San Marino at the 2013 Mediterranean Games

San Marino competed at the 2013 Mediterranean Games in Mersin, Turkey from the 20th to 30 June 2013.

Slovenia at the 2013 Mediterranean Games

Slovenia competed at the 2013 Mediterranean Games in Mersin, Turkey held from 20–30 June 2013. They were represented by 145 athletes in 18 sports.

Sport in Northern Cyprus

Due to the lack of international recognition, Northern Cyprus is not a member of some international sporting bodies.

There are 29 sports federations in Northern Cyprus and 13,838 people registered in them as of 2008. Taekwondo-karate-aikido-kurash is the most popular sport with 6054 athletes. It is followed by association football (2240 athletes), shooting (1150 athletes) and hunting (1017 athletes).Some Northern Cyprus sport clubs participate in Turkey's sport leagues. For example: the Fast Break Sport Club, in Turkey's Men's Basketball Regional League; the Beşparmak Sport Club, in Turkey's Handball Premier League; and the Lefka European University, in Turkey's Table-tennis Super League. The record for swimming 75 km between Turkey and Northern Cyprus belongs to Turkish national Alper Sunaçoğlu (completed in 26 hours and 15 minutes).

Toroslar Bocce Facility

The Toroslar Bocce Facility (Turkish: Toroslar Bocce Tesisi) is a 16-court indoor sports venue for bocce events at Toroslar district in Mersin, Turkey. Built for use by the 2013 Mediterranean Games and opened in 2013, it is owned by the Youth Services and Sports Directoriate of Mersin having a seating capacity of 1,000.The facility is home to Toroslar Belediyespor bocce team. Bocce competitions of the 2013 Mediterranean Games were hosted in the venue on June 25–29.

Valley Stream State Park

Valley Stream State Park is a 97-acre (0.39 km2) state park located in the village of Valley Stream in Nassau County, New York. The park is one of three state parks located in the Town of Hempstead on Long Island. Like Hempstead Lake State Park, Valley Stream State Park originated as a feeder reservoir for the Ridgewood Reservoir.

Valley Stream State Park is a day-use facility, convenient to the Southern State Parkway (exit 15A). The park offers a nature trail, cross-country skiing, a playground and playing fields, horseshoe, volleyball, basketball, and bocce ball courts, picnic tables and pavilions, fireplaces and grills, and recreation programs. Pets are not permitted.

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