Bob Turley

Robert Lee Turley (September 19, 1930 – March 30, 2013), known as Bullet Bob, was an American professional baseball player and financial planner. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a pitcher from 1951 through 1963. After his retirement from baseball, he worked for Primerica Financial Services.

Turley made his MLB debut with the St. Louis Browns in 1951, and stayed with the team through their first season in Baltimore, when he appeared in his first MLB All-Star Game. After the 1954 season, he was traded to the New York Yankees. With the Yankees, Turley appeared in two more All-Star Games. He led the American League in wins in 1958, and won the Cy Young Award, World Series Most Valuable Player Award, and Hickok Belt that year. He finished his playing career with the Los Angeles Angels and Boston Red Sox in 1963, and then coached the Red Sox in 1964.

Turley began working in financial planning during the baseball offseason. In 1977, he cofounded with Arthur L. Williams, Jr. the company that would become Primerica Financial Services. He also got involved in real estate, buying and selling 27 houses in Florida.

Bob Turley
Bob Turley 1959
Turley in 1959
Born: September 19, 1930
Troy, Illinois
Died: March 30, 2013 (aged 82)
Atlanta, Georgia
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 29, 1951, for the St. Louis Browns
Last MLB appearance
September 21, 1963, for the Boston Red Sox
MLB statistics
Win–loss record101–85
Earned run average3.64
Career highlights and awards

Early life

Turley was born in Troy, Illinois.[1] He was raised in East St. Louis, Illinois. He attended East St. Louis Senior High School in East St. Louis, and played for the school's baseball squad for three years. He was used as both a starter and reliever, becoming the staff's ace pitcher by the end of his senior season, in 1948. Turley won the team's sportsmanship award that year.[2]

Bill DeWitt, the general manager of the St. Louis Browns, brought Turley to Sportsman's Park for a tryout. Turley also attended a workout camp for the New York Yankees, held in Maryville, Illinois. The day after he graduated from high school in 1948, Turley signed with the Browns as an amateur free agent.[2] He received a $600 signing bonus ($6,257 in current dollar terms).[3]

Professional career

Minor leagues and St. Louis Browns / Baltimore Orioles

Turley made his professional debut that year in Minor League Baseball with the Belleville Stags of the Class D Illinois State League, pitching to a 9–3 win–loss record.[2] He was promoted to the Aberdeen Pheasants of the Class C Northern League in 1949, and led the league in wins with 23, and strikeouts with 205.[2][4] He split the 1950 season with the Wichita Indians of the Class A Western League and the San Antonio Missions of the Class AA Texas League. Turley led Wichita in the Western League playoffs.[5] In 1951, he played for San Antonio. He appeared in the Texas League's All-Star Game,[6] and was named the league's most valuable player at the end of the season.[7] He struck out 22 batters in one game for San Antonio.[4]

Turley played his first game in the major leagues on September 29, 1951. He lost to the Chicago White Sox. He did not pitch again in 1951, and after the season ended, he enlisted with the United States Army for two years.[7][8] Turley returned to the Browns in August 1953, and caught attention for his high strikeout rate.[9] Turley remained with the team after they moved to Baltimore, Maryland, to become the Baltimore Orioles in 1954. He earned $9,000 ($83,967 in current dollar terms) for the 1954 season.[10] He pitched the first game at Memorial Stadium, striking out nine in a complete game.[11] A power pitcher, Turley recorded many strikeouts, but did not have great control.[12][13] For the 1954 season, he led the American League in strikeouts with 185, but also led the league with 181 walks.[14] That year, he earned comparisons to fellow fireballer Bob Feller,[13][15][16] and finished in third place in balloting for the Hickok Belt, given to the professional athlete of the year.[17]

While playing for the Orioles, Turley obtained the nickname "Bullet Bob". The magazine Look wrote a story about Turley, and wanted to measure the velocity of his fastball. They used a bullet timer from the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, which recorded a speed of 98 miles per hour (158 km/h) by the time it reached home plate.[3]

Casey Stengel, the manager of the New York Yankees, sought to acquire Turley. The Yankees needed younger starting pitchers, as their rotation fell off due to the ages of Allie Reynolds, Eddie Lopat, Johnny Sain, Tommy Byrne, and Jim Konstanty.[18] In order to acquire the hitting the Orioles decided they needed to compete, they traded Turley to the Yankees after the 1954 season.[14][19] The Yankees received Turley, Billy Hunter, Don Larsen, and players to be named later, while the Orioles acquired Harry Byrd, Jim McDonald, Willy Miranda, Hal Smith, Gus Triandos, Gene Woodling, and players to be named later. To complete the trade, the Yankees sent Bill Miller, Kal Segrist, Don Leppert, and Ted Del Guercio to the Orioles, and the Orioles sent Mike Blyzka, Darrell Johnson, Jim Fridley and Dick Kryhoski to the Yankees. Comprising 17 players, this trade remains the largest in MLB history.[11][18][20][21]

New York Yankees

Turley played for the Yankees from 1955 to 1962. In the 1955 season, Turley won 17 games for the Yankees,[22] and recorded 210 strikeouts, second to Herb Score (245). But, he also led the league in walks with 177.[4][23] The Yankees won the American League pennant, and advanced to the 1955 World Series, where they faced the Brooklyn Dodgers. He pitched in Game Three of the 1955 World Series,[24] losing to Johnny Podres. He also made two relief appearances in the series, in Games Five and Seven, as the Dodgers defeated the Yankees four games to three.[25]

Turley had a disappointing season in 1956, with an 8–4 win–loss record and a 5.05 earned run average (ERA).[22] However, the Yankees again won the American League pennant. Turley appeared in Games One and Two of the 1956 World Series against the Dodgers as a relief pitcher. Facing Clem Labine in Game Six, Turley pitched a complete game, but the Yankees lost the game by a 1–0 score.[26] The Yankees defeated the Dodgers in Game Seven to win the series four games to three.[27]

Bob Turley - New York Yankees - 1957
Turley in 1957

In the 1957 season, Turley developed a curveball.[12] He finished the season with a 2.71 ERA, good for fourth-best in the American League.[28] The Yankees won the pennant again. In the 1957 World Series against the Milwaukee Braves, Turley started Game Three, but was relieved by Larsen in the second inning.[29] He won his first World Series game in Game Six, a complete game.[14] The Yankees lost the series to the Braves, four games to three.[29]

By the 1958 season, Turley changed his delivery in an effort to improve his control, by using a no-wind up pitching position.[4][30] His best season came in 1958, when he won 21 games and lost seven, for an American League-leading .750 winning percentage. He also led the American League with 19 complete games, and finished with the sixth-best ERA (2.97). However, his 128 walks also led the league.[31] Turley started Game Two of the 1958 World Series by allowing up a leadoff home run and lasting just one-third of an inning as the Yankees fell behind the Milwaukee Braves two games to none.[32] With the Yankees one game away from elimination, Turley threw a complete game shutout in Game Five. He then recorded a 10th-inning save in Game Six.[32] A day later, in Game Seven, he relieved Don Larsen in the third inning and won his second game in three days, with ​6 23 innings of two-hit relief.[32] The Yankees became just the second team to recover from a 3–1 World Series deficit, and Turley was voted the World Series Most Valuable Player Award.[32] As a result of his 1958 season, Turley won the Hickok Belt as top professional athlete of the year, receiving twice as many votes as Jim Brown, the second-place finisher.[33] He also won the Cy Young Award as the best pitcher in Major League Baseball, edging Warren Spahn of the Braves by one vote, and Lew Burdette of the Braves and Bob Friend of the Pittsburgh Pirates by two votes.[32][34] Turley finished second in the American League Most Valuable Player Award voting, losing to Jackie Jensen of the Boston Red Sox.[3][35] Additionally, he won The Sporting News' Player of the Year and Pitcher of the Year Awards.[36]

Turley earned a $35,000 salary for the 1959 season, his highest as a baseball player.[37][38] The Yankees chose Turley to be their Opening Day starting pitcher for the 1959 season, opposing Tom Brewer of the Red Sox.[39] The Yankees won the game by a 3–2 score.[40] However, Turley's fastball began to lose its effectiveness. He increased the usage of his curveball to compensate.[30] Turley finished the year with an 8–11 win-loss record. In the 1960 season, Turley had a 9–3 win-loss record,[41] and his 3.27 ERA was the seventh best in the American League.[42] He started Game Two of the 1960 World Series against the Pirates, earning the win. He also started the deciding Game Seven, which the Pirates won, taking the series.[43]

Turley suffered through discomfort in his right elbow during the 1961 season, which resulted in a 3–5 win-loss record and 5.75 ERA in only 15 games pitched.[44] New manager Ralph Houk began to emphasize his younger pitchers, as he removed Turley from the starting rotation and used him as a relief pitcher.[45] Though the Yankees reached the 1961 World Series, and defeated the Cincinnati Reds four games to one, Turley did not make an appearance.[46] After seeking medical attention,[47] Turley was diagnosed with bone chips in his elbow. He underwent surgery in the offseason to remove the bone chips, and returned to the Yankees confident his performance would improve in 1962. He agreed to a salary cut, from $28,000 to $25,000.[48] However, the bone chips recurred during the 1962 season. As a result, his effectiveness was limited in 1962 as well.[49] On June 25, Turley started a game that lasted 22 innings, and a record seven hours, but was removed after recording only one out.[50] During the 1962 season, American League players elected Turley as their player representative, following Woodling's trade to the National League.[51][52] Over the season, Turley pitched to a 4.57 ERA in only 69 innings.[53] The Yankees defeated the San Francisco Giants four games to three in the 1962 World Series, but Turley was not an active participant.[54]

Los Angeles Angels, Boston Red Sox, and coaching

After the 1962 season, the Yankees sold Turley to the Los Angeles Angels for cash, in the first move made by new Yankees' general manager Roy Hamey, who sought to rebuild the Yankees pitching staff.[49] The move was conditional; the Angels could return Turley if they were not satisfied with him. The Angels chose to retain Turley at the start of the 1963 season.[55] Turley struggled, winning two games while losing seven, and the Angels released him in July.[56] A week later, he signed with the Boston Red Sox.[57] Turley retired after the 1963 season, with a 101–85 win–loss record and a 3.64 ERA in 12 seasons.[21]

After the 1963 season, Turley agreed to remain with the Red Sox as their pitching coach, succeeding Harry Dorish.[58] Turley spent one season as the Red Sox' pitching coach,[30] and was released at the end of the year.[59] He attempted to make a comeback as a pitcher with the Houston Colt .45s in 1965,[60] but did not make the team. He then agreed to become the pitching coach for the Richmond Braves of the International League, a minor league team in the Atlanta Braves organization, in 1966,[61] but resigned before the start of the 1966 season.[62][63]

Personal life

Turley moved from East St. Louis to Lutherville, Maryland, in 1954, when the Browns moved to Baltimore. Though he played in Baltimore for one season, he remained in Lutherville for the remainder of his baseball career, and sent his children to the local public schools.[11]

Starting Pitcher Nik Turley (7967140646)
Nik Turley, who described Bob Turley as a "distant relative"

Turley began working as a financial planner in 1957, by selling life insurance.[37] He also operated a bowling alley in Bel Air, Maryland, and an insurance firm in Baltimore.[11] In 1977, Turley joined with Arthur L. Williams, Jr. and five others to found A. L. Williams & Associates, an insurance company.[3][64] At A. L. Williams, agents advised clients to purchase term life insurance, rather than cash value life insurance, and invest the money they saved in mutual funds.[37] The company became Primerica Financial Services, and was later bought out by Citigroup in 1989.[37] He retired from the business in 2001, and sold half of his business to his son and the other half to Lynn Webb, a senior national sales director.[3]

Later in his life, Turley resided in Blue Ridge, Georgia, and had a winter home on Marco Island, Florida.[3][37] Turley's hobby was real estate. He bought and sold many homes on Marco Island, including a 13,500 square feet (1,250 m2) home he built that was locally referred to as "Turley Mansion" and "Turley Castle". In total, Turley and his wife bought and sold 27 houses on Marco Island and in Naples, Florida.[3]

Turley made an appearance on It's News to Me, a current events-based game show hosted by Walter Cronkite.[65] He was mentioned in a song called "St. Louis Browns" by Skip Battin, who was the bass guitarist of The Byrds and the New Riders of the Purple Sage. In the lyrics, Battin describes Turley as a "no-hit pitcher" who "got too surly" and who was "traded...too early".[66]

Turley's uncle, Ralph, also played professional baseball. The Yankees signed Ralph Turley in 1949 when they meant to sign Bob, and released Ralph when they discovered he was the "wrong Turley".[2] Nik Turley, a Yankees prospect, identified Bob Turley as a "distant relative".[67]


Turley lived in Alpharetta, Georgia, for the last two years of his life.[3] He died on March 30, 2013, in hospice care at Lenbrook, a retirement community in Atlanta at age 82 from liver cancer. He is survived by his second wife, Janet; two sons, Terry and Donald; daughter, Rowena; and seventeen grandchildren.[11][37][68] Turley was cremated in Duluth, Georgia.[3]

See also


  1. ^ "Bob Turley Was Happiest Of A Happy Crew". Ocala Star-Banner. Associated Press. October 10, 1957. p. 4. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e Eck, Frank (August 11, 1955). "Seeking Bob Turley Yanks First Hired His Uncle, Then Finally Got "Right Turley"". Gettysburg Times. Associated Press. p. 3. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Lalonde, Roger (April 1, 2013). "Bob Turley, Cy Young winner and seasonal Marco resident, dies at 82". Naples Daily News. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d Fraley, Oscar (June 4, 1958). "Turley Proof Speed Ball Isn't Enough". The Milwaukee Sentinel. United Press International. p. Part 2, Pg 5. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  5. ^ "Wichita Wins 3rd Straight". The Telegraph-Herald. Associated Press. September 15, 1950. p. 13. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "Texas League's All-Star Game Set Tonight at Houston". The Bonham Daily Favorite. United Press International. July 12, 1951. p. 4. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Bob Turley, Although Losing, Is Standout Twirler for Browns". The Southeast Missourian. Associated Press. September 17, 1953. p. 7. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  8. ^ "Browns Get Star of Coast League – Acquire Thomas in Deal for Sanford, Maguire, Cash- Braves Drop Mueller". The New York Times. Associated Press. October 11, 1951. Retrieved September 21, 2013. (subscription required)
  9. ^ Phlegar, Ben (September 17, 1953). "Browns' Bob Turley Has Struck Out 48 Men In 47 Innings". Waycross Journal-Herald. p. 2. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  10. ^ Hirsch, Arthur (April 14, 1994). "Where Are They Now? Turley's '54 home opener as artful as his Fla. home". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d e Duncan, Ian (March 30, 2013). "Bob Turley, former Orioles pitcher, dies". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  12. ^ a b "Bob Turley Adds Curve To Skills". The Tuscaloosa News. Associated Press. June 22, 1957. p. 6. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  13. ^ a b Marin, Whitney (June 17, 1955). "Like the Prairie Flower: Bob Turley of Yankees Seems to Grow Wilder by the Hour". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. p. 2. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  14. ^ a b c Chandler, John (October 10, 1957). "Bullet Bob Turley Was Happiest Guy In Yankee Room". Ottawa Citizen. Associated Press. p. 15. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  15. ^ "Turley Another Bob Feller?". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. April 23, 1954. p. 6, part 2. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  16. ^ Heft, Herb (July 11, 1954). "Is Bob Turley the New Bob Feller?". St. Petersburg Times. p. 19. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  17. ^ "Bob Turley Third In Hickok Voting". The Baltimore Sun. May 18, 1954. p. 19. Retrieved September 21, 2013. (subscription required)
  18. ^ a b "Baseball's Biggest Trade: A Revisionist's Recounting". Society of American Baseball Research. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  19. ^ "Bob Turley Is Sad, Pleased And Surprised". The Day. Associated Press. November 18, 1954. p. 34. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  20. ^ "Yankees Get Bob Turley in 12-Player Deal". The Day. Associated Press. November 18, 1954. p. 1. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  21. ^ a b Duncan, Ian (March 31, 2013). "Bob Turley, hard-throwing pitcher who played for Orioles and Yankees, dies at 82". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  22. ^ a b Wilks, Ed (August 29, 1957). "Bullet Bob Turley Slams Door On Top-Shot Bid By White Sox". Ottawa Citizen. Associated Press. p. 11. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  23. ^ "1955 American League Pitching Leaders". Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  24. ^ "Casey Names Turley; Alston Tabs Podres For Tomorrow's Contest at Ebbets Field". Oxnard Press-Courier. United Press International. September 29, 1955. p. 16. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  25. ^ "1955 World Series – Brooklyn Dodgers over New York Yankees (4–3)". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  26. ^ Antonen, Mel (October 21, 2005). "Starters strong suit for Astros and White Sox". USA Today. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  27. ^ "1956 World Series – New York Yankees over Brooklyn Dodgers (4–3)". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  28. ^ "1957 American League Pitching Leaders". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  29. ^ a b "1957 World Series – Milwaukee Braves over New York Yankees (4–3)". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c Wolfe, Niki (March 30, 2011). "Turley Coming to Cy Young Days Festival". Newcomerstown News. Newcomerstown, Ohio. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  31. ^ "1958 American League Pitching Leaders". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  32. ^ a b c d e McCarron, Anthony (October 21, 2010). "Former Yankees Cy Young Award-winner Bob Turley says Bombers should follow Derek Jeter's advice". Daily News. New York. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
  33. ^ "Bob Turley Recipient of Prized Hickok Belt". Gadsden Times. United Press International. January 25, 1959. p. 8. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  34. ^ "'Young' Award to Turley". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. November 13, 1958. p. 5, pt 3. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  35. ^ "1958 Awards Voting". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  36. ^ "The Sporting News Pitchers of the Year & The Sporting News Major League Players of the Year". Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  37. ^ a b c d e f Kimmey, Will (May 4, 1959). "Bob Turley, Yankees Pitcher". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  38. ^ "Substantial Raise Given Bob Turley". The Hartford Courant. January 30, 1959. p. 25A. Retrieved September 18, 2013. (subscription required)
  39. ^ Wilks, Ed (April 10, 1959). "Turley Faces Brewer In Stadium Curtain-Raiser Today". Meriden Journal. Associated Press. p. 4. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  40. ^ "New York Yankees Opening Day Starters". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  41. ^ "Houk's Mound Plan Gets Turley's Vote". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. April 4, 1961. p. 2. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  42. ^ "1960 American League Pitching Leaders". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  43. ^ "1960 World Series – Pittsburgh Pirates over New York Yankees (4–3)". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  44. ^ "Yankees Pleased By Turley's Work". Toledo Blade. Associated Press. February 6, 1962. p. 22. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  45. ^ Cuddy, Jack (June 9, 1961). "Ralph Houk Trying to Build New Yankee Pitching Staff". The Washington Reporter. United Press International. p. 14. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  46. ^ "1961 World Series – New York Yankees over Cincinnati Reds (4–1)". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  47. ^ Drebinger, John (June 6, 1961). "Yanks Take Double-Header and Send Twins to 10th, 11th Straight Defeats – Coates, Sheldon Triumph, 6–2, 6–1 Yankees Set League Mark as Blanchard, Mantle and Kubek Wallop Homers". The New York Times. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  48. ^ "Turley Confident Surgery Success". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. February 13, 1962. p. 2, Pt 2. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  49. ^ a b "Bob Turley Traded To L.A. Angels". Prescott Evening Courier. United Press International. October 30, 1962. p. 7. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  50. ^ Hackleman, Jim. "Yankees Whip Tigers The Hard Way (22 Innings): Seven-Hour Battle Record In Majors". The Tuscaloosa News. Associated Press. p. 10. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  51. ^ Sheehan, Joseph M. (July 10, 1962). "A Shorter Season Asked By Players – Representatives Also Seek 2 All-Star Games in 1963". The New York Times. Retrieved September 21, 2013. (subscription required)
  52. ^ "Players Ask Shortening of Schedules". The Bonham Daily Favorite. United Press International. July 10, 1962. p. 6. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  53. ^ "Poor Average". Edmonton Journal. January 18, 1963. p. 9. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  54. ^ "1962 World Series – New York Yankees over San Francisco Giants (4–3)". Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  55. ^ "L.A. To Sign Bob, Not Sam". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press. April 8, 1963. p. 3 Pt 2. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  56. ^ "Seven player shift by Angels; Turley dropped". The Bulletin. United Press International. July 18, 1963. p. 7. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  57. ^ "Red Sox Get Castoff Turley". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. July 24, 1963. p. 3–C. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  58. ^ "Turley Becomes Red Sox Coach". The Pittsburgh Press. United Press International. October 19, 1963. p. 52. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  59. ^ Hurwitz, Hy (October 5, 1964). "Gardner, Okrie Also Join Coaching Staff: Herman Names Maglie, Runnels". Boston Globe. p. 19. Retrieved September 21, 2013. (subscription required)
  60. ^ "Bob Turley Will Attempt Comeback". The Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. November 19, 1964. p. 16. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  61. ^ "Braves Name Two". Herald-Journal. Associated Press. January 14, 1966. p. 15. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  62. ^ "Bob Turley Resigns as Minor Loop Coach". Los Angeles Times. February 19, 1966. p. A4. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  63. ^ "Bob Turley Quits His Baseball Post". The Tuscaloosa News. Associated Press. February 20, 1966. p. 14. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  64. ^ "Former New York Yankees pitcher 'Bullet' Bob Turley still calls them as he sees them". Daily News. New York. June 19, 2010. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  65. ^ Goldstein, Aaron (March 30, 2013). "Goodbye Gus Triandos and Bob Turley". The American Spectator. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  66. ^ "Former St. Louis Browns Pitcher Bob Turley Dies". CBS St. Louis. March 31, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  67. ^ New Jersey (September 11, 2013). "Franklin: Trenton Thunder's Nik Turley has family tree rooted in athletes". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  68. ^ "Bob Turley, Pitcher With a Blazing Fastball, Dies at 82". The New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2013.

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Harry Dorish
Boston Red Sox Pitching Coach
Succeeded by
Mace Brown
1954 Baltimore Orioles season

The 1954 Baltimore Orioles season was the franchise's 54th season (it was founded as the Milwaukee Brewers in 1901, then played as the St. Louis Browns from 1902–53) but its first season as the Baltimore Orioles. The season involved the Orioles finishing 7th in the American League with a record of 54 wins and 100 losses, 57 games behind the AL champion Cleveland Indians in their first season in Baltimore. The team was managed by Jimmy Dykes, and played its home games at Baltimore's Memorial Stadium.

1955 New York Yankees season

The 1955 New York Yankees season was the team's 53rd season in New York, and its 55th season overall. The team finished with a record of 96–58, winning their 21st pennant, finishing 3 games ahead of the Cleveland Indians. New York was managed by Casey Stengel. The Yankees played their home games at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they were defeated by the Brooklyn Dodgers in 7 games.

1955 World Series

The 1955 World Series matched the Brooklyn Dodgers against the New York Yankees, with the Dodgers winning the Series in seven games to capture their first championship in franchise history. It would be the only Series the Dodgers won while based in Brooklyn, as the team relocated to Los Angeles after the 1957 season. This was the fifth time in nine years that the Yankees and the Dodgers met in the World Series, with the Yankees having won in 1947, 1949, 1952, and 1953; the Yankees would also win in the 1956 rematch.

This Series also marked the end of a long period of invulnerability for the Yankees in the World Series. It was the Yankees' first loss in a World Series since 1942 and only their second since 1926. While the Yankees were 15–2 in Series appearances during that time, they would lose again in 1957, 1960, 1963, and 1964, for a record of 4–5 in World Series over the next decade.

1956 New York Yankees season

The 1956 New York Yankees season was the 54th season for the team in New York, and its 56th season overall. The team finished with a record of 97–57, winning their 22nd pennant, finishing 9 games ahead of the Cleveland Indians. New York was managed by Casey Stengel. The Yankees played their home games at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers in 7 games. The Series featured the only no-hitter in Series play, a perfect game, delivered by the Yankees' Don Larsen in Game 5.

1957 New York Yankees season

The 1957 New York Yankees season was the 55th season for the team in New York, and its 57th season overall. The team finished with a record of 98–56 to win their 23rd pennant, finishing eight games ahead of the Chicago White Sox. New York was managed by Casey Stengel. The Yankees played their home games at Yankee Stadium.

In the World Series, the Yankees were defeated by the Milwaukee Braves in seven games. They lost the crucial seventh game in Yankee Stadium to the starting pitcher for the Braves, Lew Burdette, who was selected the World Series Most Valuable Player based on this and his other two victories in the Series.

Phil Rizzuto, the former team shortstop from the early 50s, joined the broadcast team for the radio and television broadcasts taking over from Jim Woods in what would be the first of many seasons as a Yankees broadcaster.

1958 Major League Baseball season

The 1958 Major League Baseball season was played from April 14 to October 15. It was the first season of play in California for the Los Angeles Dodgers (formerly of Brooklyn) and the San Francisco Giants (formerly of New York City). Three teams had relocated earlier in the decade: (Milwaukee, Baltimore, Kansas City). New York went without a National League team for four seasons, until the expansion Mets began play in 1962.

1958 Milwaukee Braves season

The 1958 Milwaukee Braves season was the sixth in Milwaukee and the 88th overall season of the franchise. The Braves finished first in the National League with a 92–62 record and returned to the World Series for the second consecutive year, losing to the New York Yankees in seven games. The Braves set a Major League record which still stands for the fewest players caught stealing in a season, with 8.

1958 New York Yankees season

The 1958 New York Yankees season was the 56th season for the team in New York, and its 58th season overall. The team finished with a record of 92–62, winning their 24th pennant, finishing 10 games ahead of the Chicago White Sox. In the World Series, they defeated the Milwaukee Braves in 7 games. New York was managed by Casey Stengel. The Yankees played their home games at Yankee Stadium. In 1958, the Yankees became New York City's only professional baseball team after the Brooklyn Dodgers moved to Los Angeles and the New York Giants left for San Francisco. The Yankees would hold this distinction until 1962, when the New York Mets began play.

1958 World Series

The 1958 World Series was a rematch of the 1957 World Series, with the New York Yankees beating the defending champion Milwaukee Braves in seven games for their 18th title, and their seventh in 10 years. With that victory, the Yankees became only the second team in Major League Baseball history to come back from a 3–1 deficit to win a best-of-seven World Series; the first was the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1925. (The 1903 Boston Red Sox came back from a 3–1 deficit in a best-of-nine affair.) These teams would meet again in the fall classic thirty-eight years later—by that time, the Braves had moved to Atlanta. As of 2019, this is the most recent World Series featuring the two previous Series winning teams.

1958 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1958 throughout the world.

1962 New York Yankees season

The 1962 New York Yankees season was the 60th season for the team in New York, and its 62nd season overall. The team finished with a record of 96–66, winning their 27th pennant, finishing 5 games ahead of the Minnesota Twins. New York was managed by Ralph Houk. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they defeated the San Francisco Giants in 7 games. It was their 20th World Championship in franchise history, and their last until 1977.

Art Ditmar

Arthur John Ditmar (born April 3, 1929) is a former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Athletics (Philadelphia, 1954 - Kansas City, 1955–56, 1961–62) and the New York Yankees (1957–1961). He batted and threw right-handed and was listed at 6 feet 2 inches (1.88 m) tall and 185 pounds (84 kg). Born in Winthrop, Massachusetts, he grew up in the Berkshire County city of Pittsfield, where he graduated from high school.A finesse control pitcher, Ditmar divided his career between the Athletics and Yankees. Ditmar won 47 games for the Yankees in a span of five years, with a career-high 15 in 1960, despite not getting to pitch on a regular basis in a rotation that included Whitey Ford, Bobby Shantz, Don Larsen and Bob Turley. In a nine-season career, Ditmar compiled a 72-77 record with 552 strikeouts and a 3.98 ERA in 1,268.0 innings.

Ditmar defeated the Yankees 8-6, when the Athletics played their last game at Shibe Park in Philadelphia before moving to Kansas City. In the same game, Yankees regular catcher Yogi Berra played his only game at third base in his career, and teammate Mickey Mantle appeared at shortstop (September 26, 1954). Ditmar started and lost both Game 1 and Game 5 of the 1960 World Series for the Yankees, lasting only one-third of an inning in Game 1 and 1 and one-third inning in Game 5.

After a Budweiser television commercial of the 1980s incorporated the original radio broadcast of the 1960 World Series Game 7, with announcer Chuck Thompson incorrectly naming Ditmar instead of Ralph Terry as the pitcher off whom Bill Mazeroski hit his legendary home run, Ditmar sued Anheuser-Busch for $500,000, contending his reputation was tarnished.

Belleville Stags

The Belleville Stags (1947–1949) were a Class D minor league baseball team based in Belleville, Illinois that were affiliated with the New York Yankees and St. Louis Browns. The Stags were charter members of the Illinois State League and remained a franchise when the league changed names to the Mississippi–Ohio Valley League in 1949, eventually becoming the Midwest League in 1956. The Stags were named and supported by their namesake, Stag Beer.

Bill Miller (left-handed pitcher)

William Paul Miller (July 26, 1927 – July 1, 2003) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball who played from 1952 through 1955 for the New York Yankees (1952–1954) and Baltimore Orioles (1955). Listed at 6 ft 0 in (1.83 m), 175 lb., Miller batted and threw left-handed. He was born in Minersville, Pennsylvania to Jacob and Anna Miller. His father was a coal miner who died in a mine explosion when Bill was just 12. His mother's parents were Russian immigrants.

In a four-season career, Miller posted a 6–9 record with 158 strikeouts and a 4.24 ERA in 41 appearances, including 18 starts, five complete games, two shutouts, one save, and 131⅔ innings of work. He was a member of the Yankees teams that won the World Series in 1952 and 1953, though he did not pitch during the postseason. After the 1954 season, Miller was part of one of the largest trades in Major League history, a 17-player swap between the Yankees and Orioles that also included Gene Woodling, Gus Triandos, Don Larsen and Bob Turley.But after only five games with the 1955 Orioles, four in relief, Miller was sent to the minor leagues. He retired after the 1956 season, his 12th as a professional.

Miller died in Lititz, Pennsylvania, at age 75.

Don Leppert (second baseman)

Don Eugene Leppert (born November 20, 1930) is an American former professional baseball second baseman. Nicknamed "Tiger", Leppert stood 5 feet 8 inches (1.73 m) tell, weighed 175 pounds (79 kg), batted left-handed and threw right-handed.

Leppert attended Christian Brothers High School in Memphis and signed his first pro contract with the New York Yankees. He played in the Yankee farm system for five seasons. After 1954, a season during which Leppert batted .313 with ten home runs and 170 hits for the Double-A Birmingham Barons of the Southern Association, Leppert was shipped to the Baltimore Orioles in a 17-player trade, one of the largest deals in Major League Baseball history. (The swap featured Bob Turley, Don Larsen and Gus Triandos, who would go on to stardom in the Majors.) He then appeared in 40 games for the 1955 Orioles, mustering only eight hits in 70 at bats for a .114 career MLB batting average. He had one extra-base hit, a triple, during that time.

Leppert finished his playing career in minor league baseball with Birmingham in 1956. He hit .291 in 789 minor-league games.

He is sometimes confused with Donald George Leppert, a catcher who played for the Pittsburgh Pirates and Washington Senators during the 1960s, and later a longtime coach for several MLB teams.

Duke Maas

Duane Frederick "Duke" Maas (January 31, 1929 – December 7, 1976) was an American professional baseball baseball player and right-handed pitcher who spent all or parts of seven seasons (1955–1961) in Major League Baseball with the Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Athletics and New York Yankees. Born in Utica, Michigan, he was listed as 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m) tall and 170 pounds (77 kg).

Maas was a member of the 1958 World Series champion Yankees. He saw action in one game, relieving Bob Turley during the first inning of Game 2 when the Milwaukee Braves scored seven runs.

After making his big-league debut in 1955 with Detroit and then struggling through an 0-7 season in 1956, Maas put together a 10-win season in 1957. In a midseason transaction the following June, he and fellow pitcher Virgil Trucks were traded to the Yankees for outfielder Harry "Suitcase" Simpson and pitcher Bob Grim.

Maas got seven wins for New York in the second half of that pennant-winning season, then went 14-8 for them in 1959. He also pitched two innings of relief for the Yankees in the 1960 World Series against the Pittsburgh Pirates.

He was chosen by the Los Angeles Angels in the American League expansion draft prior to the 1961 season, but never played for them in a regular season game before being traded back to the Yankees, with whom he concluded his career.

For his career, he compiled a 45–44 record with a 4.19 earned run average and 356 strikeouts in 195 appearances.

Maas died in Mt. Clemens, Michigan, at the age of 47 from complications due to arthritis.

Mike Blyzka

Michael John Blyzka (December 25, 1928 – October 13, 2004) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the St. Louis Browns/Baltimore Orioles (1953–1954). Listed at 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m), 190 lb., Blyzka batted and threw right-handed. He served in the U.S. Army during World War II.

In a two-season-career, Blyzka posted a 3–11 record with 58 strikeouts and a 5.58 ERA in 70 appearances, including nine start, one save, and 180⅓ innings of work.

Before the 1955 season, in the largest transaction in major league history, Baltimore sent Blyzka along Jim Fridley, Billy Hunter, Darrell Johnson, Dick Kryhoski, Don Larsen and Bob Turley to the Yankees, in exchange for Harry Byrd, Don Leppert, Jim McDonald, Bill Miller, Willy Miranda, Kal Segrist, Hal Smith, Gus Triandos, Gene Woodling and Ted Del Guercio. Del Guercio played 12 seasons in the minor leagues and was the only member of the group not to make the Majors.

Rocky Nelson

Glenn Richard "Rocky" Nelson (November 18, 1924 – October 31, 2006) was an American professional baseball first baseman. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1949 through 1961 for the St. Louis Cardinals, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago White Sox, Brooklyn Dodgers, and Cleveland Indians.

A native of Portsmouth, Ohio, Nelson batted and threw left-handed. Despite pre-1959 stints with five major league clubs, Nelson failed to stick with a major league team for half a season. Reggie Otero, manager of the Havana Sugar Kings, saw Nelson clobber major league pitchers while playing winter baseball in Cuba. It was Otero's view that Nelson needed a major league manager that would show patience toward him.

He was regarded as one of the best sluggers to ever play in the International League. As a rookie in 1948, he helped the Rochester Red Wings qualify for the Governors' Cup playoffs. From 1953 to 1955, while playing for the Montreal Royals, Nelson led the International League once in batting average (1955), twice in home runs (1954, 1955), and twice in RBIs (1953 and 1955). He would win his first Triple Crown in 1955 and was the International League Most Valuable Player Award winner in 1953 and 1955. His performances were a topic of conversation among many managers of the time. They were baffled as to how to pitch to him, and even more mystified that he was still playing in the minor leagues.Although Nelson finally caught on in the majors, he had to endure two more failed tryouts with the Dodgers and the Cardinals, plus one more stint in the International League. In 1957, he would sign with the Toronto Maple Leafs, whose owner, Jack Kent Cooke boasted that "…whatever is worth buying in the pitching or power line will find its way to Toronto." In 1958, Nelson was voted International League most valuable player after winning the triple crown, leading the league in batting average (.326), home runs (43) and RBIs (120) while playing for the Toronto Maple Leafs. He was later inducted into the International League Hall of Fame and into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 1987.

In 1959, Nelson would catch on with the Pittsburgh Pirates. From 1959 to 1961, Nelson was a platoon first baseman, playing behind right-handed slugger Dick Stuart. He wound up with two seasons of .291 and .300 batting averages, but never duplicated his success in Triple-A. Despite these shortcomings, Nelson would have some memorable moments with the Pirates. He was the first baseman in May 1959 when Harvey Haddix lost his perfect game bid in the 13th inning.Nelson would also make an appearance in the 1960 World Series, where he belted a two-run home run off pitcher Bob Turley in the first inning of the seventh game. Not as dramatic as teammate Bill Mazeroski's Home Run in the same game to win the 1960 World Series, Nelson had the privilege of playing for a world champion.

As a major leaguer, he helped the Dodgers win the 1952 and 1956 National League Pennants, the Indians win the 1954 American League Pennant and the Pirates win the 1960 World Series.

During all or parts of nine major league seasons, Nelson played in 620 games and had 1,394 at-bats, 186 runs scored, 347 hits, 61 doubles, 14 triples, 31 home runs, 173 RBI, 7 stolen bases, 130 walks, .249 batting average, .317 on-base percentage, .379 slugging percentage, 529 total bases, 11 sacrifice hits, 8 sacrifice flies and 13 intentional walks. But as a minor leaguer, Nelson amassed 1,604 hits, 308 doubles, 81 triples, 234 home runs, 1,009 runs batted in, and batted .319, with 87 stolen bases. He retired after the 1962 season in the minor leagues.

His Baseball card was featured in the 1993 Movie "Deception" starring Andie MacDowell and Viggo Mortensen.

Nelson died at age 81 in 2006 in his native city of Portsmouth.


Turley is both a surname and a given name. Notable people with the name include:


Bob Turley, baseball pitcher

Helen Turley, winemaker

Jack Turley, drummer of the Fight and Portrait Artist.

James S. Turley, former CEO of Ernst & Young

Jon Turley, British children's author

Jonathan Turley, professor at George Washington University Law School

Jack Turley, author and public speaker

Kyle Turley, American football player

Larry Turley, owner, Turley Wine Cellars

Neil Turley, British Rugby League player

Thomas B. Turley (1845-1910), US SenatorGiven name:

Turley Richards, American musician


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