Bob Taft

Robert Alphonso Taft III (born January 8, 1942) is an American politician and attorney.

He is a member of the Taft political dynasty and served as the 67th Governor of Ohio between 1999 and 2007. Prior to that he served as Ohio Secretary of State under George Voinovich.

After leaving office, Taft started working for the University of Dayton beginning August 15, 2007.[1] He is a member of the Republican Party.

Bob Taft
Hyland software thirdfrontiersummit 2002 Taft Hyland close cropped
67th Governor of Ohio
In office
January 11, 1999 – January 8, 2007
LieutenantMaureen O'Connor
Jennette Bradley
Bruce Johnson
Preceded byNancy Hollister
Succeeded byTed Strickland
49th Secretary of State of Ohio
In office
January 14, 1991 – January 11, 1999
GovernorGeorge Voinovich
Nancy Hollister
Preceded bySherrod Brown
Succeeded byKen Blackwell
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the 65th district
In office
January 3, 1977 – December 31, 1980
Preceded byFrank H. Mayfield
Succeeded byJohn O'Brien
Personal details
Born
Robert Alphonso Taft III

January 8, 1942 (age 77)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Hope Taft (m. 1969)
ChildrenAnna Taft
ParentsRobert A. Taft Jr.
Blanca Duncan Noel
EducationYale University (BA)
Princeton University (MA)
University of Cincinnati (JD)

Personal background

Taft was born in 1942 in Boston, Massachusetts, to U.S. Senator Robert Alphonso Taft Jr. and Blanca Duncan Noel. Bob's paternal grandfather was U.S. Senate Majority Leader Robert Alphonso Taft Sr., his patrilineal great-grandfather was U.S. President and Chief Justice of the United States William Howard Taft, and his patrilineal great-great-grandfather was Attorney General and Secretary of War Alphonso Taft.

He was raised in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he attended the Cincinnati Country Day School through the ninth grade and graduated from The Taft School. He attended Yale University, where he was a member of the Yale Political Union, and graduated with a B.A. in government in 1963. From 1963 to 1965, he served as a Peace Corps volunteer, teaching in Tanzania.[2] He later attended the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, receiving an M.A., again in government, in 1967. In 1976, he received his Juris Doctor from the University of Cincinnati College of Law.

Early political career

Taft was elected as a Republican to the Ohio House of Representatives from 1976 to 1981, and then was Hamilton County commissioner from 1981 to 1990. He ran for Lieutenant Governor of Ohio on the ticket with Jim Rhodes in 1986, but was unsuccessful. In 1990, he was elected Ohio Secretary of State, defeating incumbent Democrat Sherrod Brown. He was re-elected in 1994, defeating Democratic candidate Dan Brady.

Governor of Ohio

Taft was elected Governor of Ohio in 1998, defeating Democrat Lee Fisher 50-45 percent, and was re-elected in 2002, defeating Democrat Tim Hagan 58-38 percent.

Third Frontier

The Third Frontier program, started under the Taft administration, as of 2009 was considered an enormous success in modernizing Ohio's 21st century economy. The program focuses on issuing funding for research, development, and commercialization projects to the biomedical, alternative energy, and the advanced propulsion industries and institutions, among others. Between 2003-2008 it dispersed $681 million, resulting in a $6.6 billion economic impact return and 41,300 jobs.[3]

Governor's Cup awards

During Taft's tenure, Ohio was awarded the Governor's Cup twice, in 2003 and 2006. The award, selected by Site Selection Magazine, is given to the state that attracts the most business developments over $1 million, creates over 50 jobs, or constructs over 20,000 new square feet of business area during the course of a year. The honor is deemed as being considered the best state in the country for business development, attraction, and capital investment.[4]

Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine

In 2003, the state awarded $19.4 million for the creation of the Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine. Taft personally delivered the award to the institution in Cleveland. The state awarded another $8 million in 2006 from their Biomedical Research Research and Commercialization Program, which the Taft administration contributed to creating through the Third Frontier program.[5][6] By 2009, the center had become recognized as a regional leader and had spun off four companies, conducted 51 clinical trials, treated over 250 patients with adult stem cells, and treated over 60 patients with other cell therapies.[7]

Education

When the Taft administration took over, the state was faced with an education crisis as nearly half of students were failing mandatory tests and were attending failing districts. Taft's "Rebuilding Ohio Schools" was an ambitious project that would pour $10 billion over 12 years into new school construction. The Taft administration ultimately presided over the largest increase in education funding in state history.[8] According to the U.S. Department of Education, Ohio student scores increased during Taft's tenure, including 4th and 8th grade math scores every period, with Ohio students scoring above the national average every period in every subject.[9] The number of high school graduates increased,[10] and for the 2006-2007 school year Ohio produced the most advanced percentage of 8th grade science students in the country.[11]

Taft signed legislation creating the Ohio Educational Choice Scholarship Pilot Program, which extended choice to students in failing schools, and the Ohio College Opportunity Grant, which extended grants to 11,000 new students.[12]

Tort reform

In January 2003, Taft signed Ohio Senate Bill 281 into law, which limited non-economic damages in medical injury lawsuits. The bill limited non-economic damages to $350,000 and imposed a statute of limitations.[13] Taft then signed Ohio Senate Bill 80, introduced by Sen. Steve Stivers, into law in January 2005, which placed further caps on lawsuit awards in general.[14]

Veterans affairs

In December 2000, Taft signed House Bill 408, which designated Interstate 76 as the "Military Order of the Purple Heart Memorial Highway".[15] In July 2001, he signed legislation to permit school districts to award high school diplomas to veterans of World War II from the United States who were called into service before obtaining their diploma.[16] In November 2001, with the ensuing War on Terror set to begin, Taft signed Ohio Senate Bill 164, called the Military Pay Bill, into law. The bill protected the benefits of state employees called into full-time active service.[17] In 2003, he signed Ohio Senate Bill 47, introduced by Sen. Steve Stivers, which provided additional time to soldiers on active duty to pay their property taxes, interest free.[18] In 2004, he signed legislation renaming the "Michael A. Fox Highway" to the "Butler County Veterans Highway",[19] and proclaimed November to be "Hire a Veteran Month" in Ohio.[20]

In 2005, Taft signed legislation creating the Military Injury Relief Fund, which allowed taxpayers to donate a portion of their tax refund to help fund grants for injured veterans.[21] He successfully lobbied, along with others, in 2006 to have the Royal Netherlands Air Force join the Ohio Air National Guard in training missions in Springfield.[22] Taft signed numerous other pieces of legislation extending benefits to service members, and in 2006 was honored with the National Guard Association of the United StatesCharles Dick Medal of Merit, in which the press release stated "Taft fought to ensure that Ohio’s Soldiers, Airmen and their families were cared for in all aspects of their service, and presided over an unprecedented expansion of state benefits for Guardmembers and their families." Ohio's adjuntant general Maj. Gen. Gregory L. Wayt stated about Taft that "he epitomizes what a commander-in-chief of a National Guard should be. During his term he has stood strong with the National Guard."[23]

His wife, Hope, started the "On the Ohio Homefront" initiative, which is an online database of businesses and charities that provide discounts and services catered toward veterans.[24]

Highway construction

In 2003, Taft unveiled his "Jobs and Progress Plan", which was a $5 billion, 10-year agenda to improve Ohio's highways and roads.[25] Among the notable projects were the $97 million Wilmington Bypass project,[26] the $1 billion Cleveland Inner Belt project,[27] and the $220 million Veterans' Glass City Skyway in Toledo.[28]

Taxes

In 2003, Taft signed legislation enacting the largest tax increase in state history, a temporary two-year, 1% sales tax which generated $2.9 billion in revenue during the national recession. In 2005, Taft signed major tax reform, including a 21% personal income tax cut over five years, a reduction of the sales tax by .5%, elimination of the corporate franchise tax over five years, and the elimination of the personal tangible property tax over four years. The legislation also included nominal tax credit increases, including $50 for personal and dependent exemptions, and $88 in deductions for deposits made into Ohio Medical Savings Accounts.[12] In 2006, Taft signed Substitute House Bill 49, which provided a 25% tax credit for historic rehabilitation projects.[29]

Alternative energy and Energy Action Plan

In 2001, Taft, along with other state leaders, met in Cleveland to unify in calling on the U.S. Congress to grant a funding request for the NASA Glenn Research Center, which was researching projects that included alternative and more efficient energy, and to designate NASA Glenn for the leadership role in biotechnology research.[30] In 2005, Taft mandated that the Ohio Department of Transportation use 1 million US gallons (3,800 m3) of B20 biodiesel and 30,000 US gallons (110,000 L) of E85 ethanol per year, while selecting flex-fuel vehicles for new purchases. ODOT had been using alternative fuels since 1999, and owned 193 flex-fuel vehicles when this announcement was made. Taft also mandated that ethanol tanks be constructed at all new ODOT facilities.[31] Later in 2005, Taft urged the U.S. Congress to extend tax credits to those who install fuel cell electricity stations. As part of the Ohio Third Frontier program, $100 million in grants had already been issued for the research of fuel cells.[32]

In early 2006, Taft announced his "Energy Action Plan", which included doubling the use of E85 ethanol in state fleets from 30,000 US gallons (110,000 L) to 60,000, increasing the use of biodiesel in state fleets by 100,000 US gallons (380,000 L) annually, while mandating the purchase of flex-fuel only vehicles for the state fleet, and allocating $3.6 million from the Energy Loan Fund to make state buildings energy efficient. The plan also called for $25 million from the Energy Loan Fund to be set aside over five years for wind turbine producing companies, and to set aside a grant of 1.2 cents per kilowatt-hour of electricity produced by wind energy. Taft called for a pilot program to create jet fuel from coal, moving Ohio's geological information on fossil fuel sources to digital formats, and reaffirming the state's commitment to FutureGen, a clean coal initiative.[33]

Between 1998 and 2007, Ohio's green industry sector grew at the fourth highest rate in the country, 7.3%.[34]

Great Lakes initiatives

Taft spent considerable time during his administration promoting the Great Lakes, which included lobbying the U.S. Congress for funding devoted to restoration projects,[35] and signing pacts that included 8 Great Lakes states and 2 Canadian provinces to preserve the area.[36] These pacts included "The Strategy to Restore and Protect the Great Lakes", which called for a $20 billion investment, cleanup, and renewal of the lakes, "The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Sustainable Water Resources Agreement", which aimed to prevent new damage to the region, and "The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact".[37] In 2001, Taft agreed to "Annex 2001", an addition to the Great Lakes Charter.[38] In 2008, he joined the Board of Directors of the Alliance for the Great Lakes to help promote effective implementation of the Compact.

Amy's Law

In May 2005, Taft signed House Bill 29, also known as Amy's Law into law, tightening restrictions on bond for suspects accused of domestic violence..[39]

Criticisms

Concealed carry

In February 2006 Taft vetoed legislation passed by both houses of the Ohio General Assembly removing the 'Plain Sight' provision from the state's concealed carry law. The bill would have also kept The Plain Dealer from publishing the names and home addresses of licensees.[40] Nevertheless, this provision passed into law when the General Assembly overrode his veto, the first veto override in Ohio in over 30 years.[41][42]

Spending and economy

Taft was criticized during his tenure for permitting state spending and state taxes to rise.[43] Critics also argued that Taft was responsible for the lagging Ohio economy during that time period, despite federal trade policies that were out of his control, resulting in the loss of 13,432 employment positions to international trade alone in 2006, and 71,242 employment positions lost overall between 1995-2006. Those figures are based on the Trade Adjustment Assistance Program figures, which has stringent standards that doesn't count all the employment positions truly lost to international trade.[44] [45]

Capital punishment

Taft presided over the reintroduction of capital punishment in Ohio. During his term, 24 people were put to death by lethal injection, which made Ohio the first outside the South by number of performed executions. Taft, however, granted one commutation.[46]

NARAL v. Taft

Taft was the subject of a federal lawsuit in 2005, NARAL v. Taft, over his decision to allow "Choose Life" license plates to be sold by the state to raise funds for pregnancy crisis centers and adoption centers. They were considered by the American Civil Liberties Union to be "viewpoint discrimination", thus unconstitutional. The district court dismissed the ACLU's lawsuit, and they later withdrew their appeal from the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals.[47]

Coingate scandal

See Coingate scandal.

During Taft's governorship, the Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation (BWC) invested hundreds of millions of dollars in high risk or unconventional investment vehicles run by Republican Party supporters who had made large campaign contributions to senior Ohio Republican officials. One was a rare coin investment fund run by Tom Noe which attracted particular scrutiny since two coins worth more than $300,000 were reportedly lost. Further investigation revealed that other state-backed coin investments worth $10–$12 million were missing and that only $13 million of the original $50 million invested could be accounted for. Tom Noe was convicted of running a criminal enterprise, stealing $13 million, and of keeping a second set of books to cover it. Governor Taft and Noe took 45 golf trips together, which went unreported, resulting in Taft's criminal conviction (see below) for undisclosed gifts.

Criminal conviction

In 1996, the Republican-controlled Ohio General Assembly passed a law that struck the requirement that the Ohio state government invest solely in bonds. Various fund managers and other brokers then scrambled to offer their services.

In 1999, Taft issued a gubernatorial executive order mandating four hours of ethics training for members of his cabinet, assistant cabinet directors, and senior staff every two years.

In 2001, a ruling by the Ohio Ethics Commission made clear that any free rounds of golf paid for by lobbyists which were valued over $75 were to be disclosed.[48] Taft stated he was not aware of the opinion until 2005 after news reports surfaced about the Coingate scandal. In a 2003 questionnaire for a possible appointment to the Ohio Turnpike Commission, Thomas Noe, at the center of the Coingate investigation, indicated to Taft he was not doing business with the state, although he had been.[49] Taft personally notified the commission of possible disclosure failures, and offered his cooperation in correcting the issues in voluntarily triggering an investigation.[48]

On August 17, 2005, Taft was charged with four criminal misdemeanors stemming from his failure to disclose golf outings paid for by lobbyists, as well as some undisclosed gifts. The Associated Press reported the total value of at least 52 undisclosed gifts as about US$5,800, they included:[50]

  1. Two undisclosed gifts including golf with coin dealer Thomas Noe, a Republican fundraiser then under investigation, and later convicted, for his handling of a $50 million investment of state money in rare coins, and diverting $2 million to personal use. Taft claimed of Tom Noe that "He fooled people from one end of Ohio to the other."[48] (See Coingate scandal.)
  2. Six undisclosed gifts including golf outings with political strategist Curt Steiner and Robert Massie, president of chemical information services giant CAS, worth $700. Taft later lobbied the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services against expanding scientific directories that would compete with CAS.
  3. Undisclosed gifts including dinner and Columbus Blue Jackets hockey tickets from Jerry Jurgeson, chief executive officer of Nationwide Insurance
  4. A book and artwork from the consul general of the People's Republic of China worth $100
  5. A photograph and framed medal from the Defense Supply Center worth $85
  6. A portfolio and clothing worth $119 from the Youngstown/Warren Regional Chamber of Commerce.

This was the first time an Ohio governor has ever been charged with a crime while in office.[51]

At his arraignment in Franklin County Municipal Court in Columbus on August 18, Taft pleaded no contest and was fined $4,000 plus court costs. Judge Mark Froehlich also ordered Taft to apologize to the people of Ohio as well as state employees.[52] Taft was quoted after sentencing stating "I offer my sincere and heartfelt apology, and I hope the people will understand that these mistakes, though major and important mistakes, were done unintentionally, and I hope and pray they will accept my apology."[53] During the sentencing it was noted that Taft had a 30-year unblemished record as a public official.[52]

Further investigation of GOP operative Noe revealed that coins worth $10–$12 million were missing and that only $13 million of the original $50 million invested could be accounted for. Tom Noe was convicted of running a criminal enterprise, the theft of $13 million from the fund, and of keeping a second set of books to cover for it.[54]

The Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation (BWC) ultimately invested hundreds of millions of dollars in high risk or unconventional investment vehicles run by people closely connected to the Ohio Republican Party who had made large campaign contributions to many senior Republican party officials.

Taft's conviction was grounds under the Ohio Constitution for impeachment and removal from office by the Ohio General Assembly; however, impeachment proceedings did not occur and Taft remained in office until the end of his second term.

In addition to the criminal sanctions, Taft was issued a public reprimand by the Ohio Supreme Court on December 27, 2006 for accepting and failing to report gifts and golf outings worth more than $6,000.[55] This reprimand was attached to Taft's license to practice law in Ohio.[56]

Ethics reform

After the fallout from his conviction, Taft called for a ban on executive-level government officials from accepting gifts of any amount from lobbyists.[57]

Polling

In the wake of convictions for the ethics violations (see criminal conviction), Taft's approval rating bottomed out at 6.5 percent, according to a late November 2005 poll by Zogby, giving him quite possibly the lowest polled approval rating ever by a United States politician.[58] A SurveyUSA poll that same month gave Taft a rating of 18 percent. A late-2005 article in Time named him as one of the three worst governors in the country.[59]

Ohio Republican losses

Due to term limits for the Ohio governorship, Taft was ineligible to run for a third consecutive term. According to a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill online database, Taft was the most unpopular governor in Ohio history.[60] Taft's unpopularity contributed to major Democratic gains in the 2006 election, including the defeat of Republican Ken Blackwell by Democrat Ted Strickland in the race to replace Taft as governor.

Post Gubernatorial activities

After Taft left the governorship, he and his wife made a trip to Tanzania in February 2007 where he had served as a Peace Corps volunteer. Taft said the trip was invigorating and that the buildings where he taught and lived 40 years ago were still there.[61]

Taft joined the University of Dayton in August 2007 as a distinguished research associate for educational excellence. His job is to help the university launch the Center for Educational Excellence, which encourages students to study science, technology, engineering, and math. "We've got to figure out how to get more students in college, and that's a challenge that I really look forward to."[1] Thomas Lasley II, dean of the School of Education and Allied Professions, stated Taft was the first professional who refused his salary offer for being too high. Lasley was quoted "I think the more people have gotten to know him [Taft] the more they realize he is a very ethical individual".[62]

In November 2008, he joined the Board of Directors of the Alliance for the Great Lakes to help advance Great Lakes education and policy initiatives, such as the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Basin Water Resources Compact, started during his tenure as Chairman of the Council of Great Lakes Governors.

He is currently on the board of directors for Battelle for Kids,[63] a not-for-profit organization dedicated to moving education forward for students by supporting the educators who work with them every day.[64]

Taft is a member of the ReFormers Caucus of Issue One.[65]

Family

The Taft family has been involved in Republican politics for over a century. His patrilineal great-great-grandfather Alphonso Taft was Secretary of War, Attorney General, and an Ambassador; Bob's patrilineal great-grandfather William Howard Taft I was President and Chief Justice of the United States; patrilineal great-grandmother Helen Louise "Nellie" Taft was First Lady; paternal grandfather Robert Alphonso Taft, Sr. and father Robert Alphonso Taft, Jr. were both U.S. Senators. First cousin William Howard Taft IV formerly served as chief legal advisor to the U.S. Department of State, before resigning after the reelection of President George W. Bush. Uncle William Howard Taft III was an Ambassador. His patrilineal great-granduncle Charles Phelps Taft was a U.S. Representative from Ohio and, for a time, an owner of the Chicago Cubs baseball team. Patrilineal great-great-great-grandfather Peter Rawson Taft I was a member of the Vermont legislature. Other prominent relatives include Seth Chase Taft, Charles Phelps Taft II, Peter Rawson Taft II, Henry Waters Taft, Walbridge Smith Taft, and Horace Dutton Taft. Kingsley Arter Taft was a U.S. Senator from Ohio and Chief Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court.

Bob Taft is also related to former President George W. Bush through at least three different marriages, ranging from eighth cousin once-removed to 11th cousin once-removed, as well as being a ninth cousin of former Vice President Dick Cheney (see Cousin chart to understand these terms).

Legacy

The Taft Coliseum at the Ohio Expo Center and State Fair in Columbus, Ohio, was renamed in honor of Taft on July 28, 2010.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Former Gov. Bob Taft taking position at UD". The Cincinnati Post (Associated Press). 2007-05-31. p. A2. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
  2. ^ Taft, Bob, Better Angels of Our Nature, University of Dayton website. Text of remarks by former Ohio Governor Bob Taft at The Ohio State University's Peace Corps anniversary commemorative salute, March 1, 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  3. ^ "Ohio Third Frontier creates $6.6 billion in economic impact, 41,300 jobs", Med City News, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  4. ^ "Ohio Remains Nation's No. 1 Choice for Business Development", Reuters, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  5. ^ "New Bone Graft Product Based On Stem Cell Technology" Archived 2010-03-23 at the Wayback Machine, Cleveland Clinic, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  6. ^ "History" Archived 2009-09-01 at the Wayback Machine, Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  7. ^ "Cleveland quietly becoming leader in adult stem cell industry" Archived 2009-08-23 at the Wayback Machine, Cleveland Plain-Dealer, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  8. ^ "Area School Next For New Building Funding" Archived June 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Marion Online, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  9. ^ "State Profiles", National Center for Education Statistics, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  10. ^ "Public High School Graduates", U.S. Census, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  11. ^ "% of Students Above Advanced Grade 8 Science", State Master, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  12. ^ a b "Taft Signs Budget Reforming Ohio Tax Code", State of Ohio, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  13. ^ "Tort Reform Bill Signed Into Law" Archived July 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Health Care Law, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  14. ^ "Ohio Tort Reform. A Roadmap for Success?", Metropolitan Corporate Counsel, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  15. ^ "Governor Signs Bills", State of Ohio, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  16. ^ "Taft Signs Legislation For Ohio Veterans", State of Ohio, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  17. ^ "Helping Our Guardians" Archived February 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Ohio Department of Transportation Newsletter, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  18. ^ "Ohio tax plans would lessen burden on veterans, businesses", Find Articles, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  19. ^ "Fox Highway to be stripped of 'Fox'", Cincinnati Enquirer, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  20. ^ "Employers encouraged to Hire a Veteran in November" Archived August 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Ohio Department of Family Services, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  21. ^ "Tax Filing Delivers" Archived August 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, State of Ohio, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  22. ^ "Springfield Air National Guard unit to announce new mission" Archived August 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Ohio National Guard, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  23. ^ "Ohio National Guard to Honor Governor Taft with Medal of Merit" Archived August 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Ohio National Guard, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  24. ^ "America Supports You: Ohio First Lady's Initiative Helps Military Families", Defense Lin, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  25. ^ "Jobs and Progress Plan" Archived February 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Ohio Department of Transportation, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  26. ^ "Taft Announces Start of Wilmington Bypass Project" Archived February 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Ohio Department of Transportation, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  27. ^ "Taft announces highway plan" Archived 2011-06-07 at the Wayback Machine, Cleveland Plain-Dealer, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  28. ^ "Veterans Glass City Pylon Reaches Finished Height", Ohio Department of Transportation, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  29. ^ "Give Former Governor Taft Credit", Real Neo, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  30. ^ "Former Senator Glenn, Governor Taft, Senators DeWine and Voinovich, John Lewis, John Ryan and Dennis Eckart call on community to lobby for NASA Glenn Research Center funding", Space Ref, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  31. ^ "Ohio Governor Mandates DOT to use B20 and E85 Biofuels", Green Car Congress, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  32. ^ "Taft urges fuel cell tax credit", Cincinnati Biz Journals, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  33. ^ "Taft Announces Energy Action Plan" Archived 2010-07-13 at the Wayback Machine, National Association of State Departments of Agriculture, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  34. ^ "Jobs in green industries in Ohio", Cleveland Plain-Dealer, Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  35. ^ "Gov. Taft Urges Congress to Fund Great Lakes Restoration", High Beam, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  36. ^ "U.S., Canadian Officials Sign Great Lakes Water Pact", Environmental News Network, Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  37. ^ "Great Lakes Pacts Would Boost Jobs" Archived December 18, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Michigan Land Use Institute, Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  38. ^ "Taft Joins Great Lakes Leaders to Sign Historic Agreements to Protect Great Lakes", Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  39. ^ Fraysure, Jonathan (2005-08-29). "House Bill 29, Amy's Law, officially goes into effect Friday". maysville-online. The Ledger Independent. Archived from the original on 2018-02-05. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
  40. ^ The Columbus Dispatch - Local/State
  41. ^ Jim Siegel and Joe Hallett (December 13, 2006). "Local gun laws fall as veto is rejected". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved January 5, 2007.
  42. ^ Valentine, Matt (6 March 2014). "Disarmed: How Cities Are Losing the Power to Regulate Guns". The Atlantic. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  43. ^ Courier Electronic Edition: Editorial Archived November 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  44. ^ "International Trade and Job Loss in Ohio 2007" Archived July 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Policy Matters Ohio, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  45. ^ Ohio Economy Sputters As Innovation Declines: Politicians Miss Mark With Development Policies - Science - redOrbit
  46. ^ Clemency
  47. ^ "ACLU Ends Legal Challenge Against Ohio "Choose Life" License Plate", Liberty Counsel, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  48. ^ a b c "Taft Said He Didn't Know Golf Gifts Needed Reporting Archived 2011-06-07 at the Wayback Machine", Cleveland Plain-Dealer, Retrieved 13 nov 2009.
  49. ^ "Candidate says Taft should resign" Archived 2011-06-07 at the Wayback Machine, Cleveland Plain-Dealer, Retrieved 13 nov 2009.
  50. ^ "Governor Pleads To Charges" Archived May 12, 2006, at the Wayback Machine Marion Online Newspaper, Aug. 8, 2005, accessed Feb. 20, 2007; "Taft calls for limits on gifts" Archived 2006-03-02 at the Wayback Machine by Jim Siegel, The Columbus Dispatch, February 10, 2006, accessed Feb. 20, 2007.
  51. ^ Taft is first Ohio governor to be charged with crimes in office, by Christopher D. Kirkpatrick and Steve Eder, The Toledo Blade, August 17, 2005, accessed February 20, 2007, link failure December 26, 2009.
  52. ^ a b Taft: 'I have failed' Governor fined $4,000 for ethics violations, ordered to issue apology" by Mark Niquette, Alan Johnson and Randy Ludlow, The Columbus Dispatch, August 19, 2005, accessed Feb. 20, 2007.
  53. ^ Taft Admits Ethics Violations, Washington Post, Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  54. ^ Tom Wilkinson (2006-11-07). "Prosecutor tabs Noe 'swindler and thief' in closing; defense says evidence is lacking: Jury to begin deliberations tomorrow". Toledo Blade.
  55. ^ Decision of Ohio Supreme Court Archived June 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Ohio Supreme Court, December 27, 2006; accessed March 28, 2007.
  56. ^ Ohio Gov. Taft Reprimanded Over Ethics By Andrew Welsh-Huggins, The Associated Press, December 27, 2006; accessed Feb. 20, 2007.
  57. ^ "Taft Calls For Limits On Gifts", High Beam, Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  58. ^ Taft's approval ratings sink into single digits, Only 6.5% back governor, poll says By Jim Tankersley, The Toledo Blade, Nov. 29, 2005, accessed Feb. 20, 2007.
  59. ^ Time names the five best governors Time, Nov. 13, 2005, accessed Feb. 20, 2007.
  60. ^ Milasincic, Adam. "Polls: Taft is least popular Ohio governor ever". KentWired.com. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
  61. ^ Peace Corps Online | 2007.03.13: March 13, 2007: Headlines: Figures: COS - Tanzania: Politics: State Government: Return to our Country of Service - Tanzania: The Post-Standard: Taft said he spoke some Swahili and the buildings where he taught and lived 40 years ago was still there
  62. ^ "Ex-governor settles in at UD", Dayton Daily News, Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  63. ^ "board of directors | Battelle for Kids". www.battelleforkids.org. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
  64. ^ "About us | Battelle for Kids". battelleforkids.org. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
  65. ^ "Gov. Bob Taft (R-OH) joins the ReFormers Caucus". Issue One. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
1998 Ohio gubernatorial election

The 1998 Ohio gubernatorial election was held on November 3, 1998. Incumbent Republican Governor of Ohio George Voinovich could not seek a third term as Governor due to term limits, and ran for the United States Senate instead. To replace him, former Attorney General of Ohio Lee Fisher and Ohio Secretary of State Bob Taft won the Democratic and Republican primaries, respectively. Taft and Fisher faced off in a highly competitive general election, and in the end, Taft beat out Fisher by a narrow margin, making this gubernatorial election one of Ohio's closest.

2002 Ohio gubernatorial election

The 2002 Ohio gubernatorial election took place on November 5, 2002. Incumbent Republican Governor of Ohio Bob Taft ran for re-election to a second and final term as governor, and he was opposed by Democratic nominee Tim Hagan, a former Cuyahoga County Commissioner. The race between Taft and Hagan was not competitive, and Taft was re-elected by a substantial margin, ensuring his return to the governor's office.

2006 Ohio gubernatorial election

The Ohio gubernatorial election of 2006 was held on November 7, 2006, and was a race for the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Ohio. Incumbent Governor Bob Taft could not run for re-election, because Ohio governors are limited to two consecutive terms in office.

The general election for governor pitted Ohio Secretary of State Ken Blackwell, the Republican nominee, against United States Congressman Ted Strickland of Ohio's 6th congressional district, the Democratic nominee.

Their running mates were former Ohio Attorney General Lee Fisher on the Democratic ticket and State Representative Tom Raga on the Republican ticket.

In the end, the contest was not close, and Strickland captured about 60 percent of the vote; Blackwell conceded to Strickland at about 8:45 p.m. EST on November 7, 2006. As of 2019, this is the most recent election in which a Democrat was elected Governor of Ohio.

2006 United States gubernatorial elections

United States gubernatorial elections were held on November 7, 2006 in 36 states and two territories.

The elections coincided with the midterm elections of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Democrats won open Republican-held governorships in Arkansas, Colorado, Massachusetts, New York, and Ohio and defeated one Republican incumbent — Robert Ehrlich of Maryland — while retaining all of their then-held seats.

Voters in the United States territories of Guam (then-Republican held) and the U.S. Virgin Islands (then-Democratic, but term-limited) also chose their governors and voters elected a new mayor for the District of Columbia, the District's chief executive.

As part of the 2006 Democratic sweep, Democrats did not lose a single incumbent or open seat to the Republicans in the gubernatorial contests.

This election marked the most recent cycle where Arizona, Iowa, Oklahoma, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wyoming elected Democrats to their respective governor's mansions, as well as the most recent cycle Democrats netted a majority of the governorships of the 50 states. This was also the most recent cycle where California, Connecticut, Hawaii, and Minnesota elected Republican governors.

Ann Womer Benjamin

Ann Womer Benjamin is the mayor of Aurora, Ohio. She is former executive director of the Northeast Ohio Council on Higher Education. Womer Benjamin served in the cabinet of the former Governor of Ohio Bob Taft as director of the Ohio Department of Insurance. Prior to that appointment, she was a member of the Ohio House of Representatives in 1995–2002. She represented a district which encompassed Portage County, Ohio.

Brett Buerck

Brett Buerck is an Ohio native and graduate of The Ohio State University.

Brett was involved in the inner workings of Buckeye State politics for nearly fifteen years, including serving as Communications Director for the Ohio Republican Party, Press Secretary for former Governor Bob Taft, and a general consultant to numerous local, legislative, and statewide campaigns.

For four years, Brett served as Chief of Staff to the Ohio House of Representatives, helping guide the Republican Caucus to 62 seats out of 99 – its largest majority in fifty years.

In 2007, Brett joined Majority Strategies and currently serves as CEO. Majority Strategies is America’s premiere influence marketing and Republican political consulting firm specializing in voter contact mail and mobile advertising. Majority Strategies has been named one of Inc's 500 Fastest Growing Companies and one of the 50 Most Innovative Companies by the Silicon Review.Brett currently lives in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida with his two daughters.

Columbus Ohio Temple

The Columbus Ohio Temple is the 60th operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and is located in Columbus, Ohio, United States. The temple was announced by LDS Church president Gordon B. Hinckley during a visit to Columbus on April 25, 1998, with a groundbreaking held later that year on September 12. Following completion of construction in 1999, an open house was held from August 19 to 28. The open house attracted approximately 30,000 people, including Ohio Governor Bob Taft. The temple was dedicated in six sessions by Hinckley on September 4, 1999, with approximately 11,000 members attending.The temple is one of nearly 40 that uses the Small Temple Plan. The plan features a marble exterior and art glass windows with two ordinance rooms, two sealing rooms, and a total of 10,700 square feet (990 m2). The temple in Columbus was the first of thirteen announced in 1998 using the smaller plans. It was the second such temple completed, and one of nine smaller temples dedicated in 1999 out of a total of 13 dedicated that year. The statue of the angel Moroni atop the spire was originally used on the Monticello Utah Temple and was white instead of the traditional gold. In Monticello, the white proved difficult to see on cloudy days, so the statue there was replaced with a slightly larger gold leaf statue, while the white fiberglass statue was covered in gold leaf and sent to Columbus.The dedication of the Columbus Ohio Temple marked the first modern LDS temple in the state and the first since the 1836 dedication of the Kirtland Temple, the first temple built by the Latter Day Saint movement. Kirtland is located approximately 150 miles (240 km) northeast of Columbus and was the headquarters of the church for much of the 1830s. Increasing persecution and other factors led to the Kirtland Temple being mostly abandoned by 1838, after most church members moved west to Missouri, eventually relocating to Illinois in 1839 and ultimately present-day Utah in 1847. The Kirtland Temple is today a National Historic Landmark owned and operated by the Community of Christ.The Columbus Ohio Temple serves church members living in 16 stakes, covering most of Ohio, but also extending into western Pennsylvania and southwestern West Virginia. It is located on the western edge of Columbus, adjacent to Interstate 270 just north of its western junction with I-70.

Doug White (politician)

Doug White of Manchester, Ohio, is an American politician of the Republican party who served as president of the Ohio Senate for two years, from 2003 to 2005.

An Adams County Commissioner from 1985-1990, White opted to run against Democrat Harry Mallott in 1990 for a seat in the Ohio House of Representatives. He was successful in his run, and was seated in 1991. He won reelection in 1992 and 1994.

By 1996, Senator Cooper Snyder announced his retirement from the Ohio Senate after 17 years. Subsequently, White announced his candidacy for the seat. Ultimately Snyder would resign early, allowing the Senate Republicans to appoint White to the seat early, which they did.After the 2002 elections, the Republicans of the Ohio Senate selected White to succeed Richard Finan as leader of the party. By 2004, however, White had already served two terms in the Senate and Ohio's term limits law prevented him from running again. Thus, in the 2004 election, Tom Niehaus took White's seat and Bill Harris was chosen to be the next Senate president.

After his service in the Senate, White served as Director of the Ohio Department of Commerce in the Cabinet of Republican Bob Taft.

Gary Suhadolnik

Gary C. Suhadolnik is a former Republican member of the Ohio Senate, representing the 24th District of the U.S. state of Ohio from 1981 to 1999. He resigned in 1999 to take a position under Governor Bob Taft. From 2003 to 2008, he served as executive director of the Ohio Turnpike Commission. He now resides with his wife Nancy in Fort Myers, Florida and Cleveland, Ohio.

Lee Fisher

Lee Irwin Fisher (born August 7, 1951) is an American lawyer, law dean and professor, former non-profit executive, and former Ohio statewide public officeholder. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 64th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, with Governor Ted Strickland, from 2007 until 2011. He serves as the Dean of Cleveland–Marshall College of Law at Cleveland State University. He is also the Joseph Hostetler -BakerHostetler Chair in Law.

He is Senior Fellow, Cleveland State University's Levin College of Urban Affairs; and Urban Scholar, College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs and the Great Cities Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago. He is a member of the Cleveland Community Police Commission (appointed by Cleveland Mayor Frank Jackson), the Cleveland Group Plan Commission (appointed by County Executive Armond Budish), the Board of the Cleveland Metropolitan Bar Association, and Co-Chair (with former Ohio Governor Bob Taft), of the Ohio Advisory Council, U.S. Global Leadership Coalition.

Before his election as lieutenant governor, Fisher served as a member of the Ohio General Assembly, first in the Ohio House of Representatives (1981–1982) and then in the Ohio Senate (1982–1990). He was Attorney General of Ohio from 1991 to 1995 and the Democratic nominee for Governor of Ohio in 1998, losing to Republican Bob Taft.

From 1999 to 2006, he served as President and CEO of the Center for Families and Children (CFC) in Cleveland. CFC is a $20 million human services nonprofit with over 300 staff. . In 2001 he graduated from the Center for Creative Leadership's "Leadership at the Peak" program. In January 2006, then-Congressman Ted Strickland asked Fisher to be his running mate in the 2006 gubernatorial election. Fisher left CFC on March 1, 2006, to run with Strickland. The two were elected. As Lieutenant Governor, he also served as the Director of the Ohio Department of Development and Chair of both the Ohio Third Frontier Commission and the Clean Ohio Council.

Fisher did not run for re-election in 2010, instead running for the U.S. Senate. He won the Democratic primary for the seat held by the retiring Republican George Voinovich, losing to Republican nominee Rob Portman.

He was announced to be the new CEO and President of CEOs for Cities in May 2011.

In 2016, Fisher was appointed Interim Dean of Cleveland State University's Cleveland–Marshall College of Law for the 2016-17 academic year. On May 3, 2017, Fisher was named permanent Dean after a national search.

Maureen O'Connor

Maureen O'Connor (born August 7, 1951) is an American jurist and the Chief Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court. Prior to this, O'Connor served as an Associate Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court and as the 61st Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, serving under Governor Bob Taft. She is a Republican.

Mike Wise (politician)

Mike Wise is a former member of the Ohio House of Representatives. He was first elected in 1992 from the 15th Ohio House District. He defeated the Democrat incumbent, Frank Mahnic, Jr. Wise was reelected in 1994 and 1996. The most significant legislation that Wise wrote was HB 269 that placed the Mayor of Cleveland, then Michael White, in charge of the Cleveland school system. In 1998, he ran for Cuyahoga County Auditor against the incumbent Frank Russo and was defeated.

From 1999 to 2000, Mike managed the Cleveland office of then Governor Bob Taft.

From 2000 to 2006, Mike was the Co-Chairman of the Cuyahoga County Republican Party and was involved in the Ohio legal battles surrounding the election and reelection of George W. Bush in 2000 and 2004.

From 2006-2007 Mike served on the Republican State Central Committee.

Wise was elected to serve as a Trustee in Chagrin Fall Township in 2009, defeating incumbent Stephen Thomas. He was reelected to that position in 2013.

Ohio's 24th senatorial district

Ohio's 24th senatorial district has always been based in Cuyahoga County, but has encompassed different regions over the decades. It now consists of outer suburbs from the eastern to the western portions of the county. It encompasses Ohio House districts 6, 7 and 16. It has a Cook PVI of R+2. Its Ohio Senator is Republican Matt Dolan. He resides in Chagrin Falls, a city located in Cuyahoga County.

Ohio's 3rd senatorial district

Ohio's 3rd senatorial district has historically spanned vast portions of central Ohio from the Miami Valley to the Scioto Valley, but currently encompasses approximately a third of Franklin County. It encompasses Ohio House districts 17, 19 and 20. It has a Cook PVI of EVEN. The district was represented by Ted Gray from 1951 to 1994, the longest tenure of any member of the Ohio Senate. Its current Senator is Republican Kevin Bacon. He resides in Columbus, a city located in Franklin, Delaware, and Fairfield counties.

Ohio Republican Party

The Ohio Republican Party is the Ohio state affiliate of the United States Republican Party. It was founded in Columbus, Ohio on February 13, 1854.

Robert Taft

Robert Taft may refer to:

Robert A. Taft (1889–1953), United States Senator from Ohio and son of U.S. President and Supreme Court Chief Justice William Howard Taft

Robert Taft (chemist and author) (1894–1955), author and chemistry professor at the University of Kansas

Robert Taft, Jr. (1917–1993), Robert A. Taft's son, 1960s U.S. representative and 1970s U.S. Senator from Ohio

Bob Taft (born 1942), Robert A. Taft's grandson, governor of Ohio

Robert Taft, Sr. (c. 1640–1725), 18th century founder of the U.S. Taft political family

Robert Taft, 2nd (1674–1748), colonial born pioneer son of the founder

Robert F. Taft (1932–2018), American Jesuit priest and archimandrite of the Eastern Catholic Church

Taft Coliseum

The Taft Coliseum is a 5,003-permanent seat multi-purpose arena located at the Ohio Expo Center and State Fairground in Columbus, Ohio. It opened in 1918. Nicknamed "The Barn," the Coliseum has become a legendary and traditional High School Basketball venue. It hosted OHSAA central district and regional playoffs in boys' High School basketball until 2013, when the Central District Athletic Board opted to move games to Ohio Dominican University. During each fall and winter the Coliseum is also home to CAHA youth hockey. It was also once home to the Ohio State University men's basketball team, Columbus Horizon CBA basketball team, Columbus Thunderbolts Arena Football League team, and the Columbus Stars and Columbus Chill ice hockey teams. The Barn was renovated in 2005 to include new scoreboards, the addition of shot clocks above the backboards, a fresh coat of paint, and new rest rooms.

On July 28, 2010, the Coliseum was renamed to honor Bob Taft, the 67th Governor of Ohio.

Ted Strickland

Theodore Strickland (born August 4, 1941) is an American politician who was the 68th Governor of Ohio, serving from 2007 to 2011. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served in the United States House of Representatives, representing Ohio's 6th congressional district (1993–1995, 1997–2007).In the 2006 gubernatorial election, Strickland was elected to succeed term-limited Republican incumbent Bob Taft after defeating Ohio Secretary of State Ken Blackwell, receiving 60% of the vote. He was narrowly defeated for re-election in the 2010 gubernatorial election by former U.S. Representative John Kasich.In April 2014, Strickland became president of the Center for American Progress Action Fund, a progressive public policy research and advocacy organization. Strickland left that position in February 2015, and on February 25, 2015, he announced his intention to run for the United States Senate against incumbent Rob Portman. Strickland won the Democratic nomination, and was then defeated by Portman in the November 2016 general election.

William J. Carney

William J. Carney (January 27, 1927 – April 1, 2010) was a U.S. Navy signalman and a multiple-term member of the Ohio General Assembly.

Born in Youngstown, Ohio, Carney graduated from South High School. and served in the United States Navy as a signalman in World War II and the Korean War. After the war he was elected as a member of the Ohio General Assembly, serving as the Democratic representative for Trumbull County in 1959-60, 1961-62, and 1965-66. In February 2005 Carney and his wife, Joanne, weres honored by Ohio Governor Bob Taft for service to the community; the previous October Carney had been selected to greet President George W. Bush and his wife Laura during a Mahoning Valley visit in October 2004.

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