Bob Minton

Robert Schenk Minton (October 1946 – January 20, 2010[1]) was a banker who helped the country of Nigeria manage its debt[2] and a well-known critic of Scientology.

Robert Minton
Robert S. Minton as Samurai December 15, 1998, Sandown, NH cropped
BornOctober 1946
DiedJanuary 20, 2010 (aged 63)
Occupationretired banker
Founder, Lisa McPherson trust

Criticism of Scientology

Minton became a critic of Scientology after reading about its attacks on critics and internet free speech. He appeared on several news programs discussing his criticism of Scientology and the harassment from the church. This included a feature appearance on the June 16, 1998 broadcast of the television news program Dateline NBC.[3] Later that year, he appeared in an A&E "Investigative Reports" installment called "Inside Scientology" which aired in December.[4]

Minton spent over $10 million fighting Scientology.[5] He also participated in demonstrations in front of the Boston Headquarters of the Church of Scientology near his Beacon Hill home.

  • This included about $2 million he spent on the Lisa McPherson wrongful death case.[5]
  • Minton offered a reward of $360,000 to anyone who would leave Scientology with enough information to cause the organization to lose its federal tax exemption. The amount of money was based on the amount of money critics say Scientology charges for courses.[6]
  • In November 1997, he spent $260,000 to buy a house for a cat sanctuary for former Scientologists Vaughn and Stacy Young.[6]
  • Minton also gave money to a number of other church critics, including three people whom Scientology accuses of infringement of its copyrights.[7]

After reports by Scientology alleging fraud in his Nigerian businesses, Minton successfully sued two German Scientology entities and a spokeswoman for a permanent injunction preventing them from repeating the libel.[8][9] The decision was confirmed on appeal.[10][11]

Lisa McPherson Trust

Minton founded the Lisa McPherson Trust (LMT) in 1999, which brought a civil suit against the Church of Scientology for the wrongful death of Lisa McPherson and provided legal assistance to former Scientologists who alleged maltreatment or abuse by the Church. The trust operated out of Clearwater, Florida, home to Flag Land Base, Scientology's spiritual headquarters. Frequent confrontations between the LMT and Scientology began not long after the founding of the trust.[12]

Ceases criticism

Minton changed his testimony in the McPherson case after a Scientology probe into his financial affairs.[5] Minton was repeatedly ordered to attend depositions and questioned by Scientology lawyers about his alleged financial dealings.[5] In addition, years later former church members detailed how Scientology investigated Minton, finding information he was "worried about".[13] Critics of Scientology believe that Minton was blackmailed by the Church of Scientology.[5] On March 16, 2002, Minton called Mike Rinder and on April 6 of that year they met.

I don't want my life defined by Scientology anymore. I just want some peace.
— Bob Minton[5]

During an April 20, 2002, hearing in the Lisa McPherson wrongful death lawsuit against the Church of Scientology, Minton spoke against Ken Dandar, the attorney representing McPherson's family.[14] In a 26-page affidavit, Minton stated that Tampa attorney Ken Dandar asked him to lie, drew up false court records for him to sign and urged him to generate bad publicity for the Church of Scientology to prejudice potential jurors in the McPherson wrongful death case as Scientology tried to get the wrongful death case dismissed on grounds of serious misconduct by Ken Dandar and his client.[15] Minton's affidavit gave new details about how involved Minton was in the wrongful death case from the start, stating that he gave Dandar more than $2 million to finance the case and paying witnesses to testify against the church.[15] Dandar took the witness stand to explain the origin of Swiss bank checks totaling $750,000 that Minton allegedly gave him.[15] Minton also testified about two financial arrangements in which $800,000 of his money was transferred from Europe to the Lisa McPherson Trust and that he had kept a portion of that money because he wanted to hide the source of the Trust's funding from the Church of Scientology.[16]

Despite the allegations the presiding judge declined to remove attorney Dandar from the case, stating that she did not believe Minton's testimony, and that he had lied in an attempt to escape paying income taxes.[17] Six months before she had already remarked that it was irrelevant how much money Minton had put into the case.[18]

In August 2009, John Fashanu, who in 2000[19] accused Minton and Ibrahim Babangida of stealing money from Nigeria, apologized, saying, "I can say it again and again, that there was nothing like debt buy-back or any billions stacked away in any account anywhere."[20] In 2000, Minton said that Fashanu was given false information by the Church of Scientology to attack him.[21][22][23]

In October 2009, Rinder and Marty Rathbun told the St. Petersburg Times that Scientology silenced Minton by digging into his financial details and secretly recording conversations.[13] This included the Nigeria allegations in 2000.[13] Rinder told the Times: "There were things that, really, he was worried about and had caused problems for him in the investigation that we had done" and that Minton and the church had reached a private settlement.[13] Rinder, after leaving the church in 2007, described Minton as a friend in a 2009 interview.[13]


Minton died in Clonbur, Ireland of a heart ailment on January 20, 2010, at the age of 63. His funeral was held on the following Monday, at St. Mary of the Rosary Church, Cong, County Mayo, Ireland. He is buried in Lisloughrey Cemetery.[24]



  1. ^ "Robert Minton death notice", The New York Times, 24 Jan 2010
  2. ^ Senate backs debt buy-back to reduce external debts, The Vanguard (Nigeria), July 2, 2000
  3. ^ Dateline NBC, June 16, 1998
  4. ^ A & E Investigative Reports: "Inside Scientology", December 14, 1998
  5. ^ a b c d e f O'Neil, Deborah (2002-07-07). "How Scientology turned its biggest critic". St. Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on 2006-07-09. Retrieved 2006-08-05.
  6. ^ a b Millionaire's bizarre feud with Scientology escalates LUCY MORGAN, St. Petersburg Times, Aug 3, 1998
  7. ^ Scientology sponsored suit against opponent LUCY MORGAN, THOMAS C. TOBIN, St. Petersburg Times, Dec 23, 1997
  8. ^ Decision of Landgericht Berlin Archived October 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Gz: 27.O.764/00, March 27, 2001
  9. ^ Die aktuelle Entwicklung der Rechtsprechung zu neueren Glaubens und Weltanschauungsgemeinschaften, by Prof. Dr. Ralf B. Abel
  10. ^ Kammergericht Berlin, Gz: 9 U 115/01, May 24, 2002
  11. ^ Total victory for Bob Minton in Berlin,
  12. ^ Tobin, Thomas C. (1999-12-04). "Church draws line for critics". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2006-08-13.
  13. ^ a b c d e "How Scientology got to Bob Minton". St. Petersburg Times. November 2, 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
  14. ^ Scientology foes bitterly split DEBORAH O'NEIL, St. Petersburg Times, Apr 20, 2002
  15. ^ a b c Scientology foes continue rancor DEBORAH O'NEIL, St. Petersburg Times, May 1, 2002
  16. ^ Scientology turncoat taken to task DEBORAH O'NEIL, St. Petersburg Times, Jun 13, 2002
  17. ^ Ruling lets Scientology death lawsuit proceed, St. Petersburg Times, January 14, 2003
  18. ^ Allegations won't alter church suit, St. Petersburg Times, May 3, 2002
  19. ^ "Nigeria: Tracking The Fashanu Report". Daily Independent. Apr 10, 2000. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  20. ^ "Nigeria: Fashanu in Public Court". Daily Independent. August 18, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  21. ^ "Season Of Apologies". The News Nigeria. August 17, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  22. ^ The Nigeria Debate on YouTube Xenutv recorded in 2000
  23. ^ "Nigeria: Senate backs debt buy-back to reduce external debts". Daily Independent. Jul 2, 2000. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  24. ^ Tobin, Thomas (2010-01-29). "Robert S. Minton, a former Scientology critic, dies of heart ailment". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
  25. ^ Article Archived August 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine in Leipziger Volkszeitung, 3 June 2000 (English translation)
  26. ^ Award page
  27. ^ Bowman, Lisa M. (2003-05-01). "Anti-Scientology site spurs award". CNET. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
1957 Indianapolis 500

The 41st International 500-Mile Sweepstakes was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway on Thursday, May 30, 1957. The event was part of the 1957 USAC National Championship Trail and it was race 3 of 8 in the 1957 World Championship of Drivers.

Sam Hanks won the Indianapolis 500 in his thirteenth attempt (the most such by any 500 winner). He retired from competition at Indy in victory lane. Contrary to popular belief, Hanks did not completely retire from racing until the end of the year. He skipped the Race of Two Worlds when his entrant withdrew, but competed in USAC Stock Car events later in the year, winning the event at Trenton, and finished third in points championships for 1957.

Hanks received a record $103,844 purse, the first driver to win a $100,000 single-race payday. The total race purse was also a record, over $300,000 for the first time.

Hanks won the race in George Salih's "Lay-down Offy". The Offenhauser engine was mounted on its side and shifted off-center. This was done in order to lower the center of gravity, reduce frontal area, and counterbalance the body roll in the turns. The car that Hanks drove for the win in 1957 would win back-to-back Indy 500s, with Jimmy Bryan piloting the very same chassis to victory again in 1958.

Bennetta Slaughter

Bennetta Slaughter is the owner of 24Seven Media group, an advertising and marketing company based in Memphis TN.

Cult Awareness Network

The Cult Awareness Network (CAN) was an organization created by deprogrammer Ted Patrick that provided information on groups that it considered to be cults, as well as support and referrals to deprogrammers.

It was founded in the wake of the November 18, 1978 deaths of members of the group Peoples Temple and assassination of Congressman Leo J. Ryan in Jonestown, Guyana, and was shut down in 1996. Its name and assets were later bought by a group of private donors (some of whom were Scientologists) in bankruptcy proceedings; with the transfer of ownership, the organization was renamed the New Cult Awareness Network.

CAN and its representatives were known for being highly critical of Scientology, Landmark Education, and some other groups and new religious movements, referring to some of these groups as "destructive cults".

Deaths in January 2010

The following is a list of notable deaths in January 2010.

Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:

Name, age, country of citizenship at birth, subsequent country of citizenship (if applicable), reason for notability, cause of death (if known), and reference.

Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network (known typically as the IMS Radio Network), is an in-house radio syndication arrangement which broadcasts the Indianapolis 500, the Verizon IndyCar Series, Indy Lights, Big Machine 400, and Lilly Diabetes 250 to radio stations covering most of North America. The network, owned by the Indianapolis Motor Speedway and headquartered in Speedway, Indiana, claims to be one of the largest of its kind in the world. It currently boasts over 350 terrestrial radio affiliates, plus shortwave transmissions through American Forces Network and World Harvest Radio. The network is carried on satellite radio through SiriusXM, and is also accessible through online streaming, and downloadable podcasts. For 2017, the broadcast reached 20.5 million listeners.The longtime flagship of the network is 1070/WFNI (formerly WIBC) in Indianapolis. Mark Jaynes is the current anchor and chief announcer for the network, a role he assumed beginning in 2016. Anders Krohn is the driver analyst. Currently, the network is referred to on-air as the Advance Auto Parts IndyCar Radio Network, except during the Big Machine 400 and Lilly Diabetes 250 races because of a conflict in auto parts store sponsors by the Performance Racing Network, which jointly produces and syndicates the NASCAR weekend events.

The most notable personality from the network is hall of fame broadcaster Sid Collins, who was the original "Voice of the 500" from 1952 to 1976. Other notable broadcasters over the network's history include Paul Page, Bob Jenkins, Jerry Baker, Bob Lamey, and dozens more.

John Fashanu

John Fashanu (, born 18 September 1962) is an English television presenter and former professional footballer of Nigerian (paternal) and Guyanese (maternal) descent. In his former career, he was a centre-forward from 1978 until 1995, most notably in an eight-year spell at Wimbledon F.C. in which he won the FA Cup in 1988 and scored over 100 goals in all competitions.

He also played for Norwich City, Miramar Rangers, Lincoln City, Crystal Palace, Millwall and Aston Villa. He scored 134 league goals in a career lasting 17 years. He was also capped twice at senior level by England, but failed to score on either occasion.

Following his football career he went on to co-host British television show Gladiators in the 1990s, and between 2003 and 2004 he managed his own Sunday league football side Fash FC on Bravo.

Leipzig Human Rights Award

The Leipzig Human Rights Award is an honor given by the European-American Citizens Committee for Human Rights and Religious Freedom in the USA, which recognizes "efforts towards human rights and freedom of expression in the USA" and actions against what the organization refers to as "human rights violations by the totalitarian Scientology." Prior to 2001, the honor was known as the Alternative Charlemagne Award.Former Scientology critic Bob Minton received the first award in 2000. Other notable recipients of the award include former German Federal Minister of Labor Norbert Blüm, former Secretary of State of France, Alain Vivien and Operation Clambake founder Andreas Heldal-Lund. Psychologist Margaret Singer was selected at the 2003 ceremony to be the 2004 Award recipient, but she died shortly thereafter and no award was given in that year.

Lisa McPherson Trust

The Lisa McPherson Trust was an organisation created in 1999 by Bob Minton. The trust was named after Lisa McPherson, a Scientology member who died in 1995 after being in the Church of Scientology’s care for 17 days. Their stated goal was to "expose the deceptive and abusive practices of Scientology and help those victimized by [the Church of Scientology]."Of the five staff members at the Lisa McPherson trust, four were former members of Scientology.

Mark Bunker

Mark Bunker is an American broadcast journalist, videographer and documentary filmmaker. He won a Regional Emmy Award in 2006 from the Pacific Southwest Emmy Awards division of the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.He is a critic of the Church of Scientology, having previously worked for Bob Minton and the Lisa McPherson Trust, and is the founder of Xenu TV, a website featuring videos and commentary critical of Scientology.

Mike Rinder

Michael John Rinder (; born 10 April 1955) is an Australian former senior executive of the Church of Scientology International (CSI) and the Sea Organization based in the United States. From 1982 to 2007 Rinder served on the Board of Directors of CSI and also held the post of Executive Director of its Office of Special Affairs, overseeing the corporate, legal and public relations matters of the Church at the international level.Rinder left the Church in 2007 after becoming aware of the authoritarian

and abusive nature of the senior management under David Miscavige. Since 2016, he has co-hosted the A&E documentary series Leah Remini: Scientology and the Aftermath.

Minton (surname)

Minton is a surname of British origin. It is a locational surname, named after Minton, Shropshire, which in Old English means "the settlement on the hill". The surname Minton may refer to:

Anna Minton (born 1970), British writer

Bob Minton (1946–2010), American banker

Chip Minton (born 1969), American bobsledder

Clive Minton (born 1934), Australian ornithologist

Faith Minton (born 1957), American actress and stuntwoman

Greg Minton (born 1951), American baseball player

Gytte Minton (1901–1964), British fencer

Henry Collin Minton (1855–1924), American theologian

Jeff Minton (born 1973), British football player

John D. Minton, Jr. (born 1952), American judge

John Minton (artist) (1917–1957), British painter

Mark C. Minton (born 1945), American diplomat

Phil Minton (born 1940), British musician

Rachel Minton (born 1984), American musician

Reggie Minton (born 1941), American basketball coach

Rick Minton (born 1950), American politician

Sherman A. Minton (1919–1999), American scientist

Sherman Minton (1890–1965), American politician and judge

Robert Minton (1904–1974), American bobsledder

Roy Minton, British playwright

Thomas Minton (1765–1836), British potter

Tom Minton (born 1954), American animator and artist

Yvonne Minton (born 1938), Australian opera singer

Robert Minton

For the banker and former critic of Scientology, see Bob Minton.

Robert Henry Minton (July 13, 1904 – September 1974) is an American bobsledder who competed in the 1930s with a huge throw in. He won the bronze medal in the two-man event at the 1932 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid. He died in New York City.

Scieno Sitter

Scieno Sitter is content-control software that, when installed on a computer, blocks certain websites critical of Scientology from being viewed. The software was released by the Church of Scientology in 1998 for Church members using Windows 95. The term "Scieno Sitter" was coined by critics of Scientology who assert that the program is a form of Internet censorship.

The Profit (film)

The Profit is a feature film written and directed by Peter N. Alexander. The film premiered at the Cannes Film Festival in France in 2001. Distribution of the film was prohibited by an American court order which was a result of a lawsuit brought by the Church of Scientology, although the filmmaker says that the film is not about Scientology. As a result, The Disinformation Book Of Lists and The Times have characterized The Profit as a banned film in the United States.The film was described by its producers as a work of fiction, meant to educate the public about cults and con men. It was widely seen as a parody of the Church of Scientology and its founder, L. Ron Hubbard. The main character L. Conrad Powers leads an organization called the "Church of Scientific Spiritualism", and many elements about both the Church and Powers' life portrayed in the film, have been compared to Scientology and Hubbard. The film was mainly produced and shot in the Tampa Bay Area, and the cast included actors from the area and cameos from a few Scientology critics.

The Church of Scientology did not think favorably of the piece. Representatives from a Scientology affiliated group, the Foundation for Religious Tolerance of Florida came to protest against the film, and the film's producers asserted that they were harassed by Scientologists. Initially, representatives of the Church stated the film had no resemblance to Scientology, but later the Church initiated litigation to block the film's distribution. As a result of a 2002 court order from the Lisa McPherson case, a Pinellas County judge blocked further distribution of the film in the United States. According to the film's attorney the injunction was lifted in 2007, but distribution was blocked due to a conflict with one of the producers, Bob Minton. The film generally did not receive positive reviews from local press, and reviews in the St. Petersburg Times criticized over-the-top acting, and noted that the director should have instead produced a non-fiction documentary piece if he wanted to educate others about cults.

Timeline of Scientology

This is a Timeline Of Scientology, particularly its foundation and development by author L. Ron Hubbard.

Ursula Caberta

Ursula Caberta y Diaz (born 22 March 1950) is a German politician, former State of Hamburg government official and was the Commissioner for the Scientology Task Force of the Hamburg Interior Authority. She graduated in political economy. According to Deutsche Welle she is considered an expert on the subject of Scientology, and has been observing the organization since 1992. Her book Schwarzbuch Scientology (The Black Book of Scientology) was published in 2007. Caberta is also an official in Hamburg's authority for interior affairs.The Hamburg Scientology Task Force (AGS) was founded in 1992, to monitor the activities of Scientology, and educate the public on the activities and objectives of Scientology. Furthermore, the AGS provided advice to people wishing to leave the organization. The Task Force was closed down in 2010 as a result of budget cuts, and its work was continued by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution. Caberta continued as a consultant until her retirement in 2013.

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