Bob Melvin

Robert Paul Melvin (born October 28, 1961) is an American professional baseball former catcher and coach, and current manager. He is currently the manager of the Oakland Athletics of Major League Baseball, and has been named Manager of the Year three times, most recently in 2018.

During a 10-year playing career from 1985 through 1994, Melvin was a catcher for the Detroit Tigers, San Francisco Giants, Baltimore Orioles, Kansas City Royals, Boston Red Sox, New York Yankees, and Chicago White Sox.

In his managing career Melvin has led the Seattle Mariners (2003–04), Arizona Diamondbacks (2005–09), and Oakland Athletics (2011–present). Melvin was named the National League Manager of the Year in 2007, and the American League Manager of the Year in both 2012 (becoming the 6th manager in history to win the award in both leagues) and in 2018 (becoming the 8th manager ever to win the award three or more times in a career). Through 2018, his 634 Oakland wins were third-most in team history (behind Connie Mack and Tony La Russa), and he had an aggregate career record of 1,127-1,107 (.504) in 15 seasons as a Major League manager.[1]

Bob Melvin
Bob Melvin by Gage Skidmore
Melvin in 2017
Oakland Athletics – No. 6
Catcher / Manager
Born: October 28, 1961 (age 57)
Palo Alto, California
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
May 25, 1985, for the Detroit Tigers
Last MLB appearance
August 6, 1994, for the Chicago White Sox
MLB statistics
Batting average.233
Home runs35
Runs batted in212
Managerial record1,126–1,105
Winning %.505
Teams
As player

As manager

As coach

Career highlights and awards

Early years

Melvin was born in Palo Alto, California, to Judy and Paul Melvin, and grew up in Menlo Park, California.[2] He is Jewish,[3][4][5][6][7][8] the son of a Jewish mother and a Catholic father.[3][4][8] Through 2018, he was one of seven Jewish managers in MLB history.[9] The others were Gabe Kapler, Brad Ausmus, Jeff Newman, Norm Sherry, Lou Boudreau, and Lipman Pike.[9] Melvin's grandfather, R.B. "Bud" Levitas, was the original ballboy in the 1920s for the Acme Packers (precursor to the Green Bay Packers).[2]

He resides in Berkeley, California, and in Greenwich Village in New York City, with his wife, Kelley, whom Melvin met in 1982 when he was 21 years of age.[10][11][2] They have one daughter, Alexi (born December 21, 1988), who is an actress, writer, and filmmaker.[12][13][14] Melvin and his family very actively involved with the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, Alexi having been diagnosed with juvenile diabetes at age 14.[12][15]

High school and college

After attending Laurel and Encinal elementary schools in Menlo Park, Melvin played baseball (at catcher), basketball (at forward), and golf at Menlo-Atherton High School in Atherton, south of San Francisco, graduating in 1979.[16][17] He batted .474 with 11 home runs for the baseball team, including .529 his senior year when he was named to the San Jose Mercury News’ All-Central Coast Section baseball team.[18][17] He was the first student inducted into the school's Hall of Fame.[2]

Melvin then enrolled at the University of California in Berkeley, and played catcher for the Golden Bears. As a freshman, he helped lead Cal to a 44–23–1 (.654) record and a third-place finish at the College World Series in 1980.[16] Melvin finished his freshman season batting .269 with two doubles and 12 RBIs in 67 at bats over 29 games.[18]

Following his freshmen year at California, Melvin transferred to Cañada College in Redwood City, California.[19] He played fall ball for the baseball team.

Playing career

1985 Nashville Bob Melvin
Melvin with the Nashville Sounds in 1985

Bobby Melvin was then selected in the 1st round (2nd pick) by the Detroit Tigers in the secondary phase of the 1981 draft. He debuted in the major leagues on May 25, 1985, at the age of 23.[20] He played 11 seasons, mostly as a back-up catcher, for the Tigers, San Francisco Giants, Baltimore Orioles, Kansas City Royals, Boston Red Sox, New York Yankees, and Chicago White Sox. As a Tiger, he backed up Lance Parrish, and as a Giant, he served as the backup for fellow catcher Bob Brenly, who, like him, went on to manage the Diamondbacks.[18] During his winters in San Francisco, he interned at Bear Stearns.[21][22]

In 1987, he caught stealing 42.9% of attempted base-stealers, second-best in the National League.[20] In 1991, Melvin turned five double plays at catcher, fifth-most in the American League, despite playing in only 79 games.[20] Melvin finished his career with a batting average of .233, and 35 home runs.[20]

Coaching and scouting career

Melvin worked for Milwaukee as a scout in 1996, roving instructor in 1997, and assistant to General Manager Sal Bando in 1998.[1] He began his coaching career as Manager Phil Garner's bench coach from 1999-2000, first with the Brewers in 1999 wearing #12 (during which time he also managed the Maryvale team in the Arizona Fall League), and then in 2000 with the Tigers, wearing #15.[1] He was inducted into the AFL Hall of Fame in 2013.[1] Melvin then was Bob Brenly's bench coach with the Diamondbacks from 2001-02 wearing #3, when the team won two NL West titles, as well as the World Series in 2001.[1]

Managerial career

Seattle Mariners (2003–04)

Melvin managed the Seattle Mariners in 2003 and 2004 Wearing #3, following the ten-year run of Lou Piniella. The M's won 93 games with a .574 win-loss percentage in 2003, as the 93 wins tied Melvin for the 15th-most by any rookie manager in Major League history.[1] However, the team missed the playoffs, finishing three games behind Oakland in the division, and two behind Boston for the one wild card spot.

The following season was less successful, as the Mariners lost 99 games in 2004, and Melvin's contract was not extended. He finished with a 156–168 career record (.481) as Mariners manager.[23] He returned to the Diamondbacks for whom he previously had been bench coach before being hired by the Mariners.

Arizona Diamondbacks (2005–09); 2007 NL Manager of the Year

Melvin was the second manager the Diamondbacks hired for 2005, after they fired Wally Backman before he managed a single game due to revelations of his past arrests and serious financial troubles.[24] Melvin led the team on a 26-game improvement from a franchise-worst 51-111 mark in 2004, as the team finished 2005 with a record of 77-85.[1]

Melvin led Arizona to a National League West title in 2007 with a record of 90–72, and a .556 win-loss percentage.[19] The Diamondbacks entered the playoffs as the No. 1 seed in the National League. They swept the Chicago Cubs in the NLDS, but then were swept themselves in the NLCS by the Colorado Rockies.

Melvin was named National League Sporting News Manager of the Year and MLB Manager of the Year for 2007. His nickname was "The Mad Scientist," because of his mental approach to the game.[25]

On August 14, 2008, with his 304th win Melvin became the winningest manager in Arizona history, passing Bob Brenly.[1] Melvin wore #3 as Manager with the Diamondbacks, the same number he wore with them when he was bench coach from 2001-2002.

Firing, scout, and job interviews

Melvin was fired as manager and replaced by A.J. Hinch, another former catcher, after the May 8, 2009, game.[26] Melvin finished with a 337–340 regular season record as Diamondbacks manager, and a 3–4 post–season record.[23]

Following the 2009 season, Melvin was a candidate to be the next manager of the Houston Astros.[27] However, the position was filled by Brad Mills.[28] He was interviewed by the Milwaukee Brewers for their managerial opening in October 2010, and was believed to be a finalist along with Bobby Valentine, Joey Cora, and Ron Roenicke.[29] The position eventually went to Roenicke, then the Angels' bench coach. He was then interviewed by the New York Mets for their managerial opening before the 2011 season, but the position eventually was awarded to former Astros and Angels manager Terry Collins.

In 2010, Melvin was a scout for the New York Mets, and in May 2011 he worked for the Diamondbacks as a special baseball advisor to President & CEO Derrick Hall.[1]

Oakland Athletics (2011–present); 2012 & 2018 AL Manager of the Year

Bob Melvin 2012
Melvin with the Oakland Athletics

On June 9, 2011, Melvin was named interim manager of the Oakland Athletics following Bob Geren's dismissal, Melvin has worn #6 since becoming manager.[30] On September 21, he was given the managerial position on a permanent basis, with a three-year contract extension, and became the 30th manager in franchise history, and the 18th in Oakland history.[1][31] The Athletics fashioned a 47–52 record under Melvin's watch, and a 74–88 overall finish to 2011.

Melvin went on the Chris Townsend Show in the Bay Area after the first game of the 2012 season in Tokyo, and promised the fans that the A's would work hard every game. He managed the A's to the franchise's best-ever record in July at 19–5. On October 1, the A's clinched their first playoff appearance since 2006, and two days later clinched the Western Division of the American League. For the regular season, the team was 94-68, a .580 win-loss percentage.[19] The A's lost the 2012 ALDS to the Detroit Tigers, three games to two.

Melvin was honored as the 2012 American League Manager of the Year.[1] He became the 14th manager in history to win the award at least twice in a career, and the sixth manager to win the award in both leagues.[1]

During the 2013 season, Melvin's second full season at the helm, the A's continued what began the previous year, posting winning records for every month of the season and securing a second consecutive AL West Division Championship. Athletics' outfielder Josh Reddick referred to Melvin as the "King of Platoons" due to his extensive use of platoons.[32][33] In the 2013 regular season, the team was 96-66 with a .593 win-loss percentage.[19]

In 2014, Melvin's Athletics entered the All-Star Break with the best record in the majors. While the team faded down the stretch, it still managed to clinch an AL Wild Card berth on the final day of the season.

On July 29, 2017, he became the 64th MLB manager to win 1,000 games in his career.[1] On September 28, 2017, the A's and Melvin agreed to extend his contract through the 2019 season.[34] On October 29, 2018, the A's awarded Melvin a long-term contract extension, through 2021 with a club option for 2022.[35]

On November 13, 2018, Melvin won his third Manager of the Year award, becoming just the 8th manager in MLB history win the award three times.[36] He won the award after leading the baseball team with the lowest Opening Day payroll to a 97-65 record and its first post-season in four years.[36] As of 2018, his 634 wins with the A's were third-most in team history, behind only Connie Mack and Tony La Russa, and his 1,127 wins ranked 54th in MLB history.[37]

Managerial record

As of games played on June 1, 2019
Team From To Regular season record Post–season record
G W L Win % G W L Win %
Seattle Mariners 2003 2004 324 156 168 .481
Arizona Diamondbacks 2005 2009 677 337 340 .498 7 3 4 .429
Oakland Athletics 2011 present 1233 634 599 .514 12 4 8 .333
Total 2234 1127 1107 .504 19 7 12 .368
Ref.:[23]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Coach Bio," MLB.com.
  2. ^ a b c d "Bob Melvin's confidence has deep roots," The San Francisco Chronicle.
  3. ^ a b Peter S. Horvitz (2001). The Big Book of Jewish Baseball. SP Books. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Mark Pattison, David Raglin (2002). Detroit Tigers Lists and More: Runs, Hits, and Eras. Wayne State University Press. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  5. ^ Cooperstown Symposium on Baseball and the American Culture. Meckler. 1990. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  6. ^ Hillel Kuttler (November 9, 2013). "For Brad Ausmus, Road to Detroit Tigers Job Ran Through Israel". The Forward. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  7. ^ "Yankees face stiff competition for free agents this year". New York Daily News. November 9, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  8. ^ a b Martin Abramowitz (March 30, 2007). "The boys of summer and seder: Baseball, Passover share openers". Jweekly. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  9. ^ a b Ryan Lawrence (October 31, 2017). "Who is Gabe Kapler? A Dozen Fun Facts about the new Phillies manager," PhillyVoice.
  10. ^ "Melvin hopes to lead D-Backs back to glory," The Spokesman-Review.
  11. ^ Gwen Knapp (June 22, 2011). "Bob Melvin visits his winter home in Manhattan". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  12. ^ a b "Bob Melvin visits his winter home in Manhattan". The San Francisco Chronicle. June 22, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  13. ^ "Manager and Coaches". Oakland Athletics. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  14. ^ "Former Diamondbacks manager Bob Melvin begins duties as scout for New York Mets". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  15. ^ "A's serve root beer floats for good cause". Oakland Athletics. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  16. ^ a b "Bob Melvin's friends reflect on his achievement after he's named manager of Seattle Mariners", The Almanac, January 1, 2003.
  17. ^ a b "Melvin not forgotten by people that knew him years ago," The Mercury News.
  18. ^ a b c "Melvin has been around the block, and then some," seattlepi.com.
  19. ^ a b c d "Bob Melvin Managerial Record," Baseball-Reference.com.
  20. ^ a b c d "Bob Melvin Stats," Baseball-Reference.
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ a b c "Bob Melvin". Baseball Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  24. ^ "D'backs backtrack on Backman, hire Melvin". Sports Illustrated. November 6, 2004. Retrieved July 29, 2012.
  25. ^ "The "Closer by Committee" Needs a Nickname," Athletics Nation.
  26. ^ "Bob Melvin to be replaced as Diamondbacks manager". KTAR. Retrieved July 29, 2012.
  27. ^ McTaggart, Brian. "Melvin, Acta interview with Astros". MLB.com. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  28. ^ McTaggart, Brian. "Mills named Astros manager". MLB.com. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  29. ^ "Bobby Valentine the "front runner" for the Brewers' job | HardballTalk". NBC Sports. October 31, 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2012.
  30. ^ Saracevic, Al (June 9, 2011). "Oakland A's fire Bob Geren, replaces him with Bob Melvin". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 29, 2012.
  31. ^ "Athletics give Bob Melvin contract". ESPN. September 21, 2011. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
  32. ^ "Platooning and position-sharing here to stay," MLB.com.
  33. ^ Anthony Castrovince. "'King of platoons' Bob Melvin back at it in Oakland". mlb.com. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  34. ^ "A's extend Bob Melvin one year through 2019". NBC Sports Bay Area. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
  35. ^ [3]
  36. ^ a b "Bob Melvin of Oakland Athletics named AL Manager of the Year," ESPN.
  37. ^ "Billy Beane Wants Bob Melvin to Manage A's Rest of His Coaching Career," NBC Bay Area.

External links

1986 San Francisco Giants season

The 1986 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 104th season in Major League Baseball, their 29th season in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their 27th at Candlestick Park. The team finished in third place in the National League West with an 83-79 record, 13 games behind the Houston Astros.

1988 San Francisco Giants season

The 1988 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 106th season in Major League Baseball, their 31st season in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their 29th at Candlestick Park. The team finished in fourth place in the National League West with an 83-79 record, 11½ games behind the Los Angeles Dodgers.

1991 Baltimore Orioles season

The 1991 Baltimore Orioles season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Orioles finishing 6th in the American League East with a record of 67 wins and 95 losses. Cal Ripken. Jr. would be the first shortstop in the history of the American League to win two MVP awards in a career. This was also the Orioles' last year at Memorial Stadium. The O's would move into Oriole Park at Camden Yards.

2003 Seattle Mariners season

The Seattle Mariners 2003 season was their 27th since the franchise creation, and ended the season finishing 2nd in the American League West, finishing with a record of 93-69.

One notable fact about the 2003 Mariners is that they used only five starting pitchers the entire season. The five starting pitchers were Ryan Franklin, Freddy Garcia, Gil Meche, Jamie Moyer and Joel Piñeiro.

2004 Seattle Mariners season

The Seattle Mariners 2004 season was their 28th, and they finished last in the American League West at 63–99. Ichiro Suzuki set the major league record for hits in a season on October 1, breaking George Sisler's 84-year-old mark with a pair of early singles.

2005 Arizona Diamondbacks season

The 2005 Arizona Diamondbacks baseball team looked to improve on their 51-111 record from 2004. They looked to contend in what was once again a weak National League West Division. They finished the season with a record of 77-85, good for second place in the division.

2006 Arizona Diamondbacks season

The 2006 Arizona Diamondbacks looked to improve on their 77-85 record from 2005. They looked to contend in what was once again a weak National League West Division. They finished the season with a record of 76-86, a fourth place tie with the Colorado Rockies in the division.

2012 Oakland Athletics season

The Oakland Athletics' 2012 season was the organization's 45th in Oakland, California and the 112th in club history. The team finished with a final record of 94–68, claiming first place in the American League West and reaching the postseason for the first time since 2006. After winning their last game of the season, they took sole possession of the West for the first time all year, overtaking the Texas Rangers. The A's had trailed Texas by 13 games on June 30, and had a five-game deficit with nine days left in the season. The 2012 team, which led the league with 15 walk-off wins, managed this with the second-lowest payroll in baseball, at $59.5 million. They lost in five games to the Detroit Tigers in the Divisional Series.

2018 American League Wild Card Game

The 2018 American League Wild Card Game was a play-in game during Major League Baseball's (MLB) 2018 postseason contested between the American League's (AL) two wild card teams, the New York Yankees and the Oakland Athletics. The game took place at Yankee Stadium on October 3, starting at 8:08 pm EDT. The Yankees won, 7-2, and advanced to face the Boston Red Sox in the American League Division Series. As a result of sponsorship agreements with Hankook Tire, the game was formally known as the American League Wild Card Game presented by Hankook Tire.

2018 Oakland Athletics season

The 2018 Oakland Athletics season was the 118th season for the Oakland Athletics franchise, all as members of the American League, and their 51st season in Oakland (all at Oakland Coliseum). The A's were managed by Bob Melvin in his eighth year as manager of the A's. They played their home games at Oakland Coliseum as members of Major League Baseball's American League West Division.

The A's began the season on March 29 against the Los Angeles Angels and finished the season on September 30 against the Angels as well. On September 24, they clinched their first playoff berth since 2014. They went on to lose to the New York Yankees in the Wild Card Game, 7–2. Their 97 wins were the most of any Athletics team since 2002.

American League Division Series

In Major League Baseball, the American League Division Series (ALDS) determines which two teams from the American League will advance to the American League Championship Series. The Division Series consists of two best-of-five series, featuring the three division winners and the winner of the wild-card play-off.

List of Arizona Diamondbacks managers

There have been a total of nine managers in the history of the Arizona Diamondbacks Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise of the National League. The Diamondbacks franchise was formed in the 1998 Major League Baseball season as a member of the National League. Buck Showalter was hired as the first Diamondbacks manager. Showalter served for three (1998-2000) seasons before being replaced after the 2000 season. In terms of tenure, Bob Melvin has managed more games and seasons than any other coach in the Diamondbacks franchise history. He has managed the Diamondbacks to one playoff berth, in 2007, in which he led the team to the National League Championship Series (NLCS). Al Pedrique and A.J. Hinch are the only two managers in the Diamondbacks history to not lead a team into the playoffs.

In the 2000 baseball season, the Diamondbacks decided to release Buck Showalter, soon then to be replaced by manager Bob Brenly. The following year, Brenly led the Diamondbacks to win the 2001 World Series. However, after a poor 2003 and start of the 2004 season, Brenly was also released and was replaced with Al Pedrique

, the third base coach for the Diamondbacks at the time. At the end of that season, the Diamondbacks originally hired Wally Backman as their new manager for the team. Though, after allegations of Backman driving under the influence, the Diamondbacks decided to instead hire Bob Melvin as their new manager instead of hiring Backman. Melvin, the former Mariners manager, led the Diamondbacks since the 2005 season of baseball. Prior to the May 8, 2009 game the Diamondbacks replaced Melvin with A.J. Hinch.

List of Oakland Athletics managers

The Oakland Athletics are a professional baseball team based in Oakland, California. Before moving to Oakland in 1968, the team played in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from 1901 through 1954 and in Kansas City, Missouri from 1955 through 1967. The Athletics are members of the American League (AL) West division in Major League Baseball (MLB). In baseball, the head coach of a team is called the manager, or more formally, the field manager. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field. The team has employed 30 different managers in its history. The current Athletics' manager is Bob Melvin.The franchise's first manager was Hall of Famer Connie Mack, who managed the team for its first fifty seasons. Mack led the Athletics to nine AL championships and five World Series championships—in 1910, 1911, 1913, 1929 and 1930. The team lost the World Series in 1905, 1914 and 1931, and no World Series was played when the Athletics won the AL championship in 1902. After Jimmy Dykes replaced Mack as the Athletics' manager in 1951, no manager served more than three consecutive seasons until Tony La Russa, who became the Athletics' manager in 1986. During this period, Dick Williams managed the Athletics to two consecutive World Series championships in 1972 and 1973, and Alvin Dark managed the team to a third consecutive World Series championship in 1974. La Russa managed the Athletics to three consecutive AL championships from 1988 through 1990, winning the World Series in 1989.Connie Mack holds the Athletics' records for most games managed, 7,466; most wins as a manager, 3,582; and most losses as a manager, 3,814. Williams has the highest winning percentage of any Athletics manager, .603. Four managers have served multiple terms as the Athletics' manager. Connie Mack's son Earle Mack served as interim manager twice, in 1937 and 1939, when his father was ill. Hank Bauer served as the Athletics' manager from 1961 to 1962, and then again in 1969. Dark served as the Athletics' manager from 1966 to 1967 and again from 1974 to 1975. Jack McKeon started the 1977 season as the Athletics' manager, was replaced by Bobby Winkles after 53 games, and then replaced Winkles part way through the 1978 season. Five Athletics' managers have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame: Connie Mack, Lou Boudreau, Joe Gordon, Luke Appling and Williams. Mack and Williams were inducted into the Hall of Fame as managers. Boudreau, Gordon and Appling were inducted as players.

Major League Baseball Manager of the Year Award

In Major League Baseball, the Manager of the Year Award is an honor given annually since 1983 to the best managers in the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The winner is voted on by 30 members of the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). Each places a vote for first, second, and third place among the managers of each league. The manager with the highest score in each league wins the award.Several managers have won the award in a season when they led their team to 100 or more wins. Lou Piniella won 116 games with the Seattle Mariners in 2001, the most by a winning manager, and Joe Torre won 114 with the New York Yankees in 1998. Sparky Anderson and Tony La Russa finished with identical 104–58 records in 1984 and 1988, respectively. Three National League managers, including Dusty Baker, Whitey Herzog, and Larry Dierker, have exceeded the century mark as well. Baker's San Francisco Giants won 103 games in 1993; Dierker's 1998 Houston Astros won 102 and Herzog led the Cardinals to 101 wins in the award's third season.In 1991, Bobby Cox became the first manager to win the award in both leagues, winning with the Atlanta Braves and having previously won with the Toronto Blue Jays in 1985. La Russa, Piniella, Jim Leyland, Bob Melvin, Davey Johnson, and Joe Maddon have since won the award in both leagues. Cox and La Russa have won the most awards, with four. Baker, Leyland, Piniella, Showalter and Maddon have won three times. In 2005, Cox became the first manager to win the award in consecutive years. Bob Melvin and Brian Snitker are the most recent winners.

Because of the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike cut the season short and cancelled the post-season, the BBWAA writers effectively created a de facto mythical national championship (similar to college football) by naming managers of the unofficial league champions (lead the leagues in winning percentage) (Buck Showalter and Felipe Alou) as Managers of the Year. Two franchises, the New York Mets and the Milwaukee Brewers, have not had a manager win the award.

Only six managers have won the award while leading a team that finished outside the top two spots in its division. Ted Williams was the first, after leading the "expansion" Washington Senators to a third-place finish (and, at 86-76, their only winning season) in the American League East, in 1969. Buck Rodgers won the award in 1987 with the third-place Expos. Tony Peña and Showalter won the award with third-place teams in back-to-back years: Peña with the Royals in 2003, and Showalter with the Rangers in 2004. Joe Girardi is the only manager to win the award with a fourth-place team (2006 Florida Marlins); he is also the only manager to win the award after fielding a team with a losing record.

Oakland Athletics

The Oakland Athletics, often referred to as the A's, are an American professional baseball team based in Oakland, California. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) West division. The team plays its home games at the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum. They have won nine World Series championships, tied for the third-most of all current MLB teams. The 2017 season was the club's 50th while based in Oakland.

One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the team was founded in Philadelphia in 1901 as the Philadelphia Athletics. They won three World Series championships from 1910 to 1913 and back-to-back titles in 1929 and 1930. The team's owner and manager for its first 50 years was Connie Mack and Hall of Fame players included Chief Bender, Frank "Home Run" Baker, Jimmie Foxx, and Lefty Grove. The team left Philadelphia for Kansas City in 1955 and became the Kansas City Athletics before moving to Oakland in 1968. They won three consecutive World Championships between 1972 and 1974, led by players including Vida Blue, Catfish Hunter, Reggie Jackson, ace reliever Rollie Fingers, and colorful owner Charlie O. Finley. After being sold by Finley to Walter A. Haas Jr., the team won three consecutive pennants and the 1989 World Series behind the "Bash Brothers", Jose Canseco and Mark McGwire, as well as Hall of Famers Dennis Eckersley, Rickey Henderson and manager Tony La Russa.

From 1901 to 2018, the Athletics' overall win–loss record is 8,931–9,387 (.488).

Platoon system

The platoon system in baseball or football is a method directing the situational substitution of players to create tactical advantage.

Sporting News Manager of the Year Award

The Sporting News Manager of the Year Award was established in 1936 by The Sporting News and was given annually to one manager in Major League Baseball. In 1986 it was expanded to honor one manager from each league.

Surprise Saguaros

The Surprise Saguaros are a baseball team that plays in the West Division of the Arizona Fall League. They play their home games at Surprise Stadium in the town of Surprise, Arizona.

Tom Melvin

Tom Melvin (born October 1, 1961) is an American football coach who is the current tight ends coach for the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League (NFL). His cousin, Bob Melvin, is manager of the Oakland Athletics.

American League
National League
Defunct teams
Oakland Athletics current roster
Active roster
Inactive roster
Injured list
Coaching staff

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.