Bob Haney

Robert G. Haney (March 15, 1926[2] – November 25, 2004) was an American comic book writer, best known for his work for DC Comics. He co-created the Teen Titans as well as characters such as Metamorpho, Eclipso, Cain, and the Super-Sons.

Bob Haney
Bobhaney2003
Haney in 2003, reading a Teen Titans Archive Edition.
BornRobert G. Haney
March 15, 1926[1]
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
DiedNovember 25, 2004 (aged 78)
La Mesa, California, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Area(s)Writer
Notable works
Aquaman
Blackhawk
The Brave and the Bold
Metamorpho
Teen Titans
Unknown Soldier
AwardsAlley Award, Inkpot Award

Biography

Early life and career

Haney grew up in Philadelphia, where he read popular newspaper comic strips such as Prince Valiant and Flash Gordon, and was a regular listener of radio dramas. Haney attended Swarthmore College.[3][4] During World War II, he served in the Navy and saw action during the Battle of Okinawa.[2] After the war, he earned a Master's degree from Columbia University and then embarked on a writing career, publishing a number of novels under a variety of assumed names.

In 1948, Haney entered the comic book industry. His first published comics story was "College for Murder" in Black Cat #9 (January 1948).[5] From 1948 to 1955 Haney wrote crime and war comics for a number of publishers, including Fawcett, Standard, Hillman, Harvey, and St. John.

DC Comics

In large part due to the anti-comic book campaign launched by Fredric Wertham's Seduction of the Innocent and the United States Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency in 1953, most of Haney's publishers went out of business in the 1950s. In 1955 he connected with DC Comics and his first DC credit was the story "Frogman's Secret!" in All-American Men of War #17 (January 1955).[5] Thus began a long association with DC, which lasted almost thirty years, with Haney scripting just about every sort of comic DC published.[6]

Haney was the writer of the story "The Rock of Easy Co.!" in Our Army at War #81 (April 1959), the first appearance of Sgt. Rock.[7] Haney and artist Lee Elias created the supervillain Eclipso in House of Secrets #61 (August 1963).[8][9]

Haney frequently claimed to have co-created the Doom Patrol with Arnold Drake and worked with him on the first few issues, but Drake insisted that Haney worked on the first issue only, and that his only role in creating Doom Patrol was co-creating the character Negative Man.[10][11]

In 1964, Haney created the Teen Titans with artists Bruno Premiani and Nick Cardy. Robin, Kid Flash, and Aqualad teamed up in The Brave and the Bold #54 (July 1964) to defeat a weather-controlling villain known as Mister Twister.[12] They subsequently appeared under the name "Teen Titans" in The Brave and the Bold #60 in July 1965, joined by Wonder Woman's younger sister Wonder Girl in her first appearance.[13] After next being featured in Showcase #59 (Dec. 1965), the team was spun off into their own series with Teen Titans #1 (February 1966).[14]

The Metamorpho character was created by Haney and artist Ramona Fradon in The Brave and the Bold #57 (January 1965).[15] Haney stated in 1995 that "The most creative single thing I ever did was Metamorpho".[16] The character was featured in his own title, also written by Haney, from 1965 to 1968.[5] Metamorpho later appeared in a series of back-up stories in Action Comics #413–418 and World's Finest Comics #218–220 and #229.[17]

Haney and artist Howard Purcell created the supernatural character the Enchantress in Strange Adventures #187 (April 1966).[18] The Enchantress appears in the 2016 live-action movie Suicide Squad, portrayed by actress Cara Delevingne.[19][20]

Haney was the writer of many of the issues of The Brave and the Bold[21] including #59 (April–May 1965) which featured Batman's first team-up in the title.[22] Haney scripted issue #85 (Aug.-Sept 1969) wherein artist Neal Adams updated Green Arrow's visual appearance by designing a new costume for the character.[23] Haney frequently disregarded continuity by scripting stories which contradicted DC's canon or by writing major heroes in an out-of-character fashion.[24] Haney's final story of the series was a Batman and Kamandi team-up in issue #157 (Dec. 1979).[5]

Among his contributions to the Aquaman mythos are the characters Tula introduced in Aquaman #33 (May–June 1967)[25] and Nuidis Vulko in The Brave and the Bold #73 (Aug.–Sept. 1967).[26]

The Super-Sons, Superman Jr. and Batman Jr., were co-created by Haney and Dick Dillin in World's Finest Comics #215 (January 1973).[27] Haney introduced Batman's older brother, Thomas Wayne Jr., in World's Finest Comics #223 (May–June 1974). This story was used a basis for a plot detail in the "Court of Owls" story arc in 2012.[28] The House of Mystery's host Cain, a character modeled on writer Len Wein, was created by Haney with artist Jack Sparling and editor Joe Orlando.[29]

His later war comics work included the four page "Dirty Job," illustrated by Alex Toth, for Our Army at War #241 (February 1972), which has been described as Haney's "true masterpiece".[30][31] He wrote the "Unknown Soldier" feature in Star Spangled War Stories in 1971 and 1972. He returned in 1977 and oversaw the series being renamed after the character.[32] He wrote the retitled series until its cancellation with #268 (October 1982).[5]

Haney's stories in the 1960s and 1970s, especially with the Teen Titans and the Super-Sons, often dealt with youth culture and current issues, but by the late 1970s and early 1980s, Haney struggled to produce material that DC's editors considered timely or contemporary. This led to clashes with the DC editorial staff and ultimately to his departure from the comics industry.[6]

Animation

In the 1960s Haney contributed scripts to The New Adventures of Superman and The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure cartoon shows; and in the 1980s, after leaving DC, wrote for several Rankin/Bass animated shows, including ThunderCats, Silverhawks and Karate Kat.[6]

Later life

When comics and animation work petered out in the late 1980s, Haney turned to other forms of writing, including a book on carpentry. He wrote a few additional comics scripts for DC including Elseworlds 80-Page Giant #1 (August 1999); Silver Age: The Brave and the Bold #1 (July 2000);[5] and the posthumously published Teen Titans Lost Annual #1 (March 2008).[33] His last few years were spent in San Felipe, Baja California, Mexico.[6]

Awards

Haney's industry recognitions included the 1968 Alley Award for Best Full-Length Story ("Track of the Hook" in The Brave and the Bold #79, drawn by Neal Adams)[34] and a 1997 Inkpot Award at the San Diego Comic-Con.[35]

Family

Haney's brother-in-law was Ned Chase, the father of actor Chevy Chase.[36]

References

  1. ^ "United States Social Security Death Index," index, : FamilySearch, Robert G Haney, November 25, 2004. Accessed March 13, 2013
  2. ^ a b Catron, Michael (January 5, 2011). "Bob Haney Interviewed by Michael Catron Part One (of Five)". Seattle, Washington: The Comics Journal. Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
  3. ^ Friedman, Drew (2016). More Heroes of the Comics: Portraits of the Legends of Comic Books. Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 9781606999608.
  4. ^ "Halcyon, 1946 (covers 1944-1945) Swarthmore Halcyons". Bryn Mawr College. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Bob Haney at the Grand Comics Database
  6. ^ a b c d Evanier, Mark (December 5, 2004). "Bob Haney, R.I.P." News From Me. Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
  7. ^ Irvine, Alex; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1950s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. In 'The Rock of Easy Co.!' written by Robert Kanigher and Bob Haney, with art by Ross Andru, the reader was introduced to Sgt. Frank Rock of Easy Company.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  8. ^ McAvennie, Michael "1960s" in Dolan, p. 109: "In August's House of Secrets #61, writer Bob Haney and artist Lee Elias used a black diamond to transform Dr. Bruce Gordon into Eclipso."
  9. ^ Markstein, Don (2010). "Eclipso". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on June 9, 2014.
  10. ^ Guay, George (November 1981). "The Life and Death of the Doom Patrol". Amazing Heroes. Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphics Books (6): 39.
  11. ^ Browning, Michael (July 2013). "The Doom Patrol Interviews: Arnold Drake". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (65): 38–41.
  12. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 111: "They were never given a team name when scribe Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani spun them against Mister Twister. However, this first team-up of Robin, Kid Flash, and Aqualad came to be classically regarded as the inaugural story of the Teen Titans."
  13. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 115: "Writer Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy added another member to the ranks of the newly formed Teen Titans: Wonder Girl."
  14. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 116: "The Teen Titans earned their own series after successful tryouts in both The Brave and the Bold and Showcase. Scribe Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy promptly dispatched Robin, Aqualad, Wonder Girl, and Kid Flash...as the newest members of the Peace Corps."
  15. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 114: "Scribe Bob Haney and artist Ramona Fradon were truly in their element...Haney and Fradon's collaborative chemistry resulted in [Rex] Mason becoming Metamorpho."
  16. ^ Daniels, Les (1995). DC Comics: Sixty Years of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes. New York, New York: Bulfinch Press. p. 136. ISBN 0821220764.
  17. ^ Stroud, Bryan (May 2013). "Metamorpho in Action Comics". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (64): 22–27.
  18. ^ Markstein, Don (2010). "The Enchantress". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on December 7, 2015.
  19. ^ Kroll, Justin (December 2, 2014). "Suicide Squad Cast Revealed: Jared Leto to Play the Joker, Will Smith is Deadshot". Variety. Archived from the original on November 1, 2015.
  20. ^ Nattrass, JJ (October 27, 2015). "That old black magic: Cara Delevingne is unrecognisable in her dark bondage-style costume as the evil sorceress Enchantress in DC's Suicide Squad". Daily Mail. Archived from the original on October 30, 2015.
  21. ^ Reed, Bill (May 22, 2007). "365 Reasons to Love Comics #142". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
  22. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 115: "By issue #50, The Brave and the Bold developed into the ultimate team-up book. The Brave and the Bold #59 added one final element to the team-up theme, when writer Bob Haney and artist Ramona Fradon partnered Batman with Green Lantern."
  23. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 134: "When writer Bob Haney paired Green Arrow with Batman...artist Neal Adams targeted the Emerald Archer for a radical redesign."
  24. ^ Eury, Michael (August 2013). "The Batman of Earth-B: The Caped Crusader's Bravest and Boldest Writer, Bob Haney". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (66): 2–5.
  25. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 123: "Aqualad found romance under the sea when scripter Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy introduced him to fellow young Atlantean Tula, also known as Aquagirl."
  26. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 125: "Aquaman advisor Dr. Vulko debuted in September's The Brave and the Bold #73 in a story by scribe Bob Haney and artist Sal Trapani."
  27. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 157: "Scribe Bob Haney and artist Dick Dillin introduced the DC Universe to an alternate timeline starring the World's Finest offspring in January's World's Finest Comics #215."
  28. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2014). "1970s". Batman: A Visual History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 116. ISBN 978-1465424563. It was revealed that Bruce Wayne had an older brother in this mostly forgotten piece of Batman lore that inspired the recent 'Court of Owls' storyline.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  29. ^ Waid, Mark (w). "House of Mystery #1 DC Publishes Its First Horror Comic" Millennium Edition: House of Mystery 1 (September 2000)
  30. ^ Reed in "365 Reasons to Love Comics #142"
  31. ^ Levitz, Paul (2010). "The Bronze Age 1970-1984". 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Cologne, Germany: Taschen. p. 540. ISBN 9783836519816. It was undeniable, however, that the audacity of depicting the Prince of Peace's crucifixion in Our Army at War was attention getting. This story, arguably veteran writer Haney's most prestigious work, enriched by the magnificent [Alex] Toth art, was certainly that.
  32. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 172: "Writer Bob Haney and artist Dick Ayers had no intention of terminating the Unknown Soldier...allowing DC to rename the [Star Spangled War Stories] series after the [character], starting with issue #205."
  33. ^ Shutt, Craig (January 9, 2008). "Haney and Cardy's Lost Teen Titans Annual!". Iola, Wisconsin: Comics Buyer's Guide. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
  34. ^ "1968 Alley Awards". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015.
  35. ^ "Inkpot Award". San Diego Comic-Con. 2016. Archived from the original on January 29, 2017.
  36. ^ Catron, Michael (January 7, 2011). "Bob Haney Interviewed by Michael Catron Part Three (of Five)". Seattle, Washington: The Comics Journal. Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2012. Ned Chase. He’s Chevy Chase’s father.

External links

Preceded by
Robert Kanigher
All-American Men of War writer
1955–1963
Succeeded by
Robert Kanigher
Preceded by
France Herron
The Brave and the Bold writer
1956–1979
Succeeded by
Gerry Conway
Preceded by
Jack Miller
Aquaman writer
1966–1968
Succeeded by
Steve Skeates
Preceded by
n/a
Teen Titans writer
1966–1970
Succeeded by
Robert Kanigher
Preceded by
Steve Skeates
Teen Titans writer
1971–1973
Succeeded by
Bob Rozakis
Preceded by
Steve Skeates and Dennis O'Neil
World's Finest Comics writer
1972–1979
Succeeded by
Dennis O'Neil
Aquagirl

Aquagirl is the name of several fictional characters featured as superheroines in the comic books and other media produced by DC Comics.

Cain and Abel (comics)

Cain and Abel are a pair of fictional characters in the DC Comics universe based on the biblical Cain and Abel. They are key figures in DC's "Mystery" line of the late 1960s and 1970s, which became the mature-readers imprint, Vertigo, in 1993.

Copperhead (DC Comics)

Copperhead is the name of different characters in DC Comics.

Ding Dong Daddy

Ding Dong Daddy (DDD) is a fictional character, a comic book supervillain published by DC Comics and appearing as an enemy of the Teen Titans.

Ding Dong Daddy is based on legendary hot rod enthusiast/painter/pinstriper Ed "Big Daddy" Roth. Further evidence of this is shown by DDD's minions the Gremlins who strongly resemble some of Roth's creations.

Element Girl

Element Girl is a superheroine appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character first appeared in Metamorpho #10 (Feb. 1967), written by Bob Haney and drawn by Sal Trapani. Element Girl's death was featured in Neil Gaiman's Sandman series in issue #20, "Façade." A similar character named Element Woman appeared during the events of Flashpoint and later appearing in The New 52 as part of the Justice League. Both characters are similar in design to Metamorpho and have the same powers.

Enchantress (DC Comics)

The Enchantress is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Bob Haney and Howard Purcell, the character made her first appearance in Strange Adventures #187 (April 1966).

The character, whose real name is June Moone, has periodically been depicted as an antihero. She appears in the fifth volume of the Suicide Squad comic series, in which she is a recurring member of the team and a romantic interest of Killer Croc. The Enchantress was portrayed by Cara Delevingne in the 2016 film Suicide Squad, which is part of the DC Extended Universe.

General Immortus

General Immortus is a fictional character, a DC Comics supervillain. He has also been known to be called "The Forever Soldier" or "The Forever General".

Gnarrk

Gnarrk is a fictional character in DC Comics. He is a caveman who has been a member of various versions of the Teen Titans in the comic books in the early 1970s.

Hellgrammite (comics)

Hellgrammite (Roderick Rose) is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics, commonly as an enemy of Superman.

Mad Mod

Mad Mod is a fictional character in the DC Universe. The character is known as one of the first recurring villains of the Teen Titans.

Metamorpho

Metamorpho (real name Rex Mason, also called The Element Man) is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. He is a founding member of the Outsiders, and has also joined multiple incarnations of the Justice League. The character has been moderately popular since his introduction in 1965. Originally adventurer Rex Mason, he is converted into a man made of a shifting mass of chemicals after being cursed by an ancient artifact that he has retrieved.

Mister Twister (comics)

Mister Twister is the name of three fictional supervillains appearing in comic books published by DC Comics.

Negative Man

Negative Man is a fictional superhero from DC Comics. The character was created by Bob Haney, Arnold Drake, and Bruno Premiani and made his first appearance in My Greatest Adventure #80 (June 1963).

Negative Man has appeared in numerous cartoon television shows and films. He made his first live-action appearance as a guest star on the DC Universe series, Titans, played by Dwain Murphy and voiced by Matt Bomer. He is a main cast member on the spin-off series, Doom Patrol, with Matthew Zuk taking over the role from Murphy. Zuk portrays Negative Man's physical form, while Bomer lends his voice to the character and portrays Larry Trainor in flashbacks.

Nuidis Vulko

Nuidis Vulko is a fictional DC Comics character and one of the most frequently recurring members of the Aquaman supporting cast.

In the DC Extended Universe, the character was portrayed by Willem Dafoe in Aquaman. Initially, the character was slated to make an appearance in Justice League, but all of Dafoe's scenes were ultimately cut from the film.

Ocean Master

Ocean Master (Orm Marius) is a fictional supervillain and in some cases an Antihero appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Bob Haney and Nick Cardy, the character first appeared in Aquaman #29 (September 1966). He is an enemy of his half-brother Arthur Curry, otherwise known as Aquaman, and is commonly depicted as an adversary of the Justice League, the superhero team that his brother is a founding member of.

The character has been substantially adapted from the comics into various forms of media, including the Justice League cartoon television series, the animated movie Justice League: Throne of Atlantis, and several DC-related video games. Orm made his live-action debut in the 2018 DC Extended Universe film Aquaman, portrayed by actor Patrick Wilson.

Sapphire Stagg

Sapphire Stagg is a fictional character in DC Comics Universe. She is the wealthy socialite daughter of industrialist Simon Stagg, and is the long term love interest of the superhero Metamorpho.

Simon Stagg

Simon Stagg is a fictional appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.

Stagg made his live appearance on the first season of The Flash played by William Sadler.

Super-Sons

The Super-Sons is a pair of fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The characters were created by Bob Haney and Dick Dillin and first appeared in World's Finest Comics #215 (Jan. 1973). They were based on imaginary tales about the sons of Superman and Batman with Superman's dark-haired wife and Batman's red-haired wife.

In 2017, DC Comics launched a Super Sons monthly comic book series featuring new versions of the characters, who are the biological sons of Superman and Lois Lane, and Batman and Talia al Ghul. The Super Sons series features the duo as Superboy and Robin (Jonathan Kent and Damian Wayne).

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